Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 288
Filter
1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 6-11, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005420

ABSTRACT

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is one of important factors against from the damage under oxidative stress in human body. A high proportion of East Asians carry ALDH2 inactive mutation gene. There are many diseases closely related to ALDH2, such as cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases and liver diseases. Recent studies also have found that ALDH2 is associated with ferroptosis. Therefore, ALDH2 has becoming a potential target for the treatment of the above related diseases. Several types of small molecule activators with potential value of clinical application have been reported. The research progress on the structure and function of ALDH2 , the relationship with human diseases and its activators were summarized in this paper.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964399

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allergic diseases can occur in all systems of the body, covering the whole life cycle, from children to adults and to old age, can be lifelong onset and even fatal in severe cases. Children account for the largest proportion of the victims of allergic disease, Children s allergies start from scratch, ranging from mild to severe, from less to more, from single to multiple systems and systemic performance, so the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is of great importance, which can not only prevent high risk allergic conditions from developing into allergic diseases, but also further block the process of allergy. At present, there is no consensus on the management system of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools. The "Consensus on Allergy Management and Prevention in Kindergartens and Primary Schools", which includes the organizational structure, system construction and management of allergic children, provides evidence informed recommendations for the long term comprehensive management of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools, and provides a basis for the establishment of the prevention system for allergic children.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 103-112, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970996

ABSTRACT

This study aims to characterize the cell atlas of the epididymis derived from a 46,XY disorders of sex development (DSD) patient with a novel heterozygous mutation of the nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 (NR5A1) gene. Next-generation sequencing found a heterozygous c.124C>G mutation in NR5A1 that resulted in a p.Q42E missense mutation in the conserved DNA-binding domain of NR5A1. The patient demonstrated feminization of external genitalia and Tanner stage 1 breast development. The surgical procedure revealed a morphologically normal epididymis and vas deferens but a dysplastic testis. Microfluidic-based single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis found that the fibroblast cells were significantly increased (approximately 46.5%), whereas the number of main epididymal epithelial cells (approximately 9.2%), such as principal cells and basal cells, was dramatically decreased. Bioinformatics analysis of cell-cell communications and gene regulatory networks at the single-cell level inferred that epididymal epithelial cell loss and fibroblast occupation are associated with the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process. The present study provides a cell atlas of the epididymis of a patient with 46,XY DSD and serves as an important resource for understanding the pathophysiology of DSD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Epididymis , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Steroidogenic Factor 1/genetics
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 939-950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970565

ABSTRACT

WRKY transcription factor family plays an important role in plant growth and development, secondary metabolite synthesis, and biotic and abiotic stress responses. The present study performed full-length transcriptome sequencing of Polygonatum cyrtonema by virtue of the PacBio SMRT high-throughput platform, identified the WRKY family by bioinformatics methods, and analyzed the physicochemical properties, subcellular localization, phylogeny, and conserved motifs. The results showed that 30.69 Gb nucleotide bases and 89 564 transcripts were obtained after redundancy removal. These transcripts had a mean length of 2 060 bp and an N50 value of 3 156 bp. Based on the full-length transcriptome sequencing data, 64 candidate proteins were selected from the WRKY transcription factor family, with the protein size of 92-1 027 aa, the relative molecular mass of 10 377.85-115 779.48 kDa, and the isoelectric point of 4.49-9.84. These WRKY family members were mostly located in the nucleus and belonged to the hydrophobic proteins. According to the phylogenetic analysis of WRKY family in P. cyrtonema and Arabidopsis thaliana, all WRKY family members were clustered into seven subfamilies and WRKY proteins from P. cyrtonema were distributed in different numbers in these seven subgroups. Expression pattern analysis confirmed that 40 WRKY family members had distinct expression patterns in the rhizomes of 1-and 3-year-old P. cyrtonema. Except for PcWRKY39, the expression of 39 WRKY family members was down-regulated in 3-year-old samples. In conclusion, this study provides abundant reference data for genetic research on P. cyrtonema and lays a foundation for the in-depth investigation of the biological functions of the WRKY family.


Subject(s)
Transcription Factors , Polygonatum , Phylogeny , Transcriptome , Gene Expression Regulation , Arabidopsis
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 532-538, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the recovery characteristics of T cell subsets in patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) who received haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT) and its relationship with acute graft-versus-host disease(aGVHD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 29 SAA patients who received haploid hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the department of hematology, Shanxi Bethune Hospital from June 2018 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The absolute counts of CD3+T, CD4+T, CD8+T lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4+T/CD8+T lymphocytes in all patients before transplantation, 14, 21, 30, 60, 90 and 120 days after transplantation were analyzed. The proportion of T lymphocytes was compared in the non-aGVHD group, the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group and the grade III-IV aGVHD group.@*RESULTS@#The counts of all T cells in 27 patients were far below the normal level at 14 and 21 days after transplantation, but there was obvious heterogeneity. There was a certain relationship between T cell immune reconstitution and conditioning regimen, age, and immunosuppressive treatment before transplantation. CD3+T cells showed a steady upward trend at 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after transplantation, and returned to the normal levels at 120 days after transplantation; faster recovery of CD4+T cells was closely related to aGVHD, which was at 30, 60, 90, 120 days after transplantation showed a slow upward trend, and which was still far below the normal level of 120 days after transplantation. CD8+T cell counts began to recover at 14 and 21 days after transplantation, and the recovery was earlier than the CD4+T cells, and its recovery speed was rapid 30 and 60 days after transptantation, which showed an upward trend and exceeded the normal levels 90 days after transplantation. Since CD8+ T cells reconstituted quickly, while the CD4+ T cells reconstitution was slowly, which made the long-term CD4+T/CD8+T cell ratio after transplantation was inverted . Compared with the non-aGVHD group, the absolute counts of CD3+T, CD4+T, and CD8+T cells in the aGVHD group were significantly higher than those in the non-aGVHD group at each time period after transplantation. In the aGVHD group, grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD occurred more frequently in the early post-transplantation period (within 14-21 days), the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group mostly occurred within 30-90 days after transplantation, and CD3+T, CD4+T, CD8+T cell counts in the grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD group were significantly higher than those in the grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ aGVHD group; and the greater the proportion of CD4+T, the more severe the degree of aGVHD.@*CONCLUSION@#The speed of T cell immune reconstitution after SAA haploid transplantation is different, which is related to the conditioning regimen, age, and immunosuppressive therapy before transplantation. The rapid recovery of CD4+ T cells is closely related to the occurrence of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Retrospective Studies , Haploidy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 420-428, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982075

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics of nosocomial infection in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(NDMM) patients, and establish a predictive nomogram model.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 164 patients with MM who were treated in Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics of infection were analyzed. Infections were grouped as microbiologically defined infections and clinically defined infections. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to analyze the risk factors of infection. A nomogram was established.@*RESULTS@#164 patients with NDMM were included in this study, and 122 patients (74.4%) were infected. The incidence of clinically defined infection was the highest (89 cases, 73.0%), followed by microbial infection (33 cases, 27.0%). Among 122 cases of infection, 89 cases (73.0%) had CTCAE grade 3 or above. The most common site of infection was lower respiratory in 52 cases (39.4%), upper respiratory tract in 45 cases (34.1%), and urinary system in 13 cases (9.8%). Bacteria(73.1%) were the main pathogens of infection. Univariate analysis showed that ECOG ≥2, ISS stage Ⅲ, C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L, serum Creatinine ≥177 μmol/L had higher correlation with nosocomial infection in patients with NDMM. Multivariate regression analysis showed that C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L (P<0.001), ECOG ≥2 (P=0.011) and ISS stage Ⅲ (P=0.024) were independent risk factors for infection in patients with NDMM. The nomogram model established based on this has good accuracy and discrimination. The C-index of the nomogram was 0.779(95%CI: 0.682-0.875). Median follow-up time was 17.5 months, the median OS of the two groups was not reached (P=0.285).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with NDMM are prone to bacterial infection during hospitalization. C-reactive protein ≥10 mg/L, ECOG ≥2 and ISS stage Ⅲ are the risk factors of nosocomial infection in NDMM patients. The nomogram prediction model established based on this has great prediction value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nomograms , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Cross Infection , C-Reactive Protein
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 299-308, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992602

ABSTRACT

The acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults have a higher rate of neurological injury and early death compared with atlas or axial fractures alone. Currently, the diagnosis and treatment choices of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults are controversial because of the lack of standards for implementation. Non-operative treatments have a high incidence of bone nonunion and complications, while surgeries may easily lead to the injury of the vertebral artery, spinal cord and nerve root. At present, there are no evidence-based Chinese guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults. To provide orthopedic surgeons with the most up-to-date and effective information in treating acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults, the Spinal Trauma Group of Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized experts in the field of spinal trauma to develop the Evidence-based guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults ( version 2023) by referring to the "Management of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults" published by American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)/Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) in 2013 and the relevant Chinese and English literatures. Ten recommendations were made concerning the radiological diagnosis, stability judgment, treatment rules, treatment options and complications based on medical evidence, aiming to provide a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of acute combination fractures of the atlas and axis in adults.

8.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 710-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of combining electroacupuncture with long needle sacral nerve acupuncture in the treatment of diabetic overactive bladder.Methods:A total of 90 patients with diabetic overactive bladder were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, each of 45. In addition to the basic treatment for diabetes, the observation group received electroacupuncture combined with long needle sacral nerve acupuncture 5 times a week for 4 weeks, while the control group was given 5mg of oral solinax succinate once a day as a course of treatment. One week before the beginning of the experiment and one week before its end, urination diary cards were used to record the average number of times of daytime and nighttime urination daily, as well as any urgent urination and urinary incontinence during the week. Bladder overactivity syndrome score (OABSS), the bladder overactivity quality of life questionnaire (OAB-q), maximum urine flow rate (Qmax) and mean urine flow rate (Qave) were employed to quantify urination status, life quality and the urodynamics of the 2 groups before and after the treatment.Results:After the treatment, significant improvement was observed in the average weekly incidence of daytime and nighttime urination, of urgent urination and of urinary incontinence. The average OABSS, OAB-q, Qmax and Qave scores improved in both groups, but the experimental group showed significantly better improvement than the control group.Conclusion:Electroacupuncture combined with sacral nerve needling can significantly reduce the frequency of urination, relieve the symptoms of urgent urination and incontinence, and improve the rate of urine flow, improving the life quality of patients with diabetic overactive bladder.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 813-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcomes of fragility fractures of the pelvis (FFP) treated with robot-assisted screws, minimally reduction according to the pelvic osseous pathways.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the data of 50 elderly patients with FFP treated by the Department of Trauma and Pelvic Trauma of Tianjin Hospital from March 2016 to October 2021, and the 50 patients with FFP were divided into robotic-assisted screw fixation group (robot group) and open reduction steel plate fixation group (open group) according to the fixation method. There were 30 patients in the Robot group, 6 males and 24 females, average age 75.03±7.32 years (range, 60-90 years). According to Rommens and Hofmann FFP classification, there were 4 cases of IIc type, 8 cases of IIIa type, 1 case of IIIb type, 12 cases of IIIc type, 3 cases of IVa type, 2 cases of IVb type. There were 20 patients in the open group, 5 males and 15 females, average age 71.90±5.51 years (range, 62-85 years). According to Rommens and Hofmann FFP classification, there were 2 cases of IIc type, 6 cases of IIIa type, 9 cases of IIIc type, 3 cases of IVa type. The two groups were compared with age, pelvic fracture classification, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction quality, visual analogue scale (VAS), Majeed score, and wound healing or not.Results:All patients were followed up for 12.72 months (range, 6-24 months). In the robot group, the operation time was 50.17±19.32 min (range, 30-120 min), and intraoperative blood loss was 55.50±28.60 ml (range, 10-150 ml); in the open group, the operation time was 92.25±27.55 min (range, 60-180 min), and intraoperative blood loss was 217.50±67.20 ml (range, 150-400 ml), there were statistical differences ( t=6.36, P<0.001; t=11.72, P<0.001). According to Mears and Velyvis imaging evaluation criteria, in the robot group, anatomical reduction were achieved in 10 cases, satifactory reduction were achieved in 20 cases; in the open group, anatomical reduction were achieved in 14 cases, satifactory reduction were achieved in 6 cases, there were statistical differences (χ 2=6.46, P=0.011). In the robot group, VAS for pelvic pain was 7.33±1.32 points (range, 4-9 points) before operation, 4.13±1.07 points (range, 3-8 points) one week after surgery, and 2.30±0.84 points (range, 1-5 points) at the last follow-up; in the open group, VAS for pelvic pain was 7.45±1.23 points (range, 5-9 points) before operation, 5.25±1.25 points (range, 3-8 points) one week after surgery, and 2.80±1.24 points (range, 1-6 points) at the last follow-up, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F=162.18, P<0.001; F=70.18, P<0.001), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant 1 week after surgery ( t=3.37, P=0.001), and there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups before surgery and the last follow-up ( P>0.05). The Majeed score was 82.10±4.80 (range, 65-95) in the robot group, 77.60±5.40 (range, 70-93) in the open group at the last follow-up, there were statistical differences ( t=3.09, P=0.003). There was no wound complication in the robot group, there were 4 cases with wound infection or rupture in the open group. One LC-II screw loosen in the robot group, which needed reoperation with cement, there was also 1 screw of plate loosening in the open group with no reoperation. Conclusion:Robot-assisted screws fixation with minimally reduction based pelvic osseous pathways shows satisfactory clinical outcomes, satisfactory reduction, effective pain relief, and fewer postoperative complications in treatment of elderly FFP.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 797-804, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of robot-assisted sacroiliac screw implantation in the treatment of proximal dysplasia sacral fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 191 patients admitted to the Pelvic Department of Tianjin Hospital from May 2016 to January 2021 who underwent robot assisted sacroiliac screw implantation with sacral fractures, including 105 males and 86 females, aged 38.5±6.5 years (ranging from 19 to 69 years old). Among them, there were 85 patients with dysplasia of proximal sacrum. According to the classification of proximal sacral dysplasia, the patients were divided into five groups: the steep sacral alar slope group ( n=60), the mastoid protrusion group ( n=30), the lumbar sacralization group ( n=25), the sacral foramen oval degeneration group ( n=23) and the S 1 anterior cortical depression group ( n=10). The remaining 106 patients were normal group. Iliac cortical density (ICD) line typing was recorded in the 85 patients. The the completion of sacroiliac screw implantation, the Gras score of screw position after operation, the postoperative complications, the minimum diameter of S 1 screw channel (R1), the angle ∠A between the S 1 sacroiliac screw in the coronal plane and the cephalic side, and the angle ∠B between the S 1 sacroiliac screw in the water plane and the ventral side were recorded and compared with those of normal development patients. Results:The incidence of steep sacral alar slope was the highest (31.4%, 60/191). There were 2 or more developmental abnormalities in 24 cases. In 85 cases with dysplasia of proximal sacrum, ICD line type I was found in 8 cases, type II in 12 cases and type III in 65 cases. 49 patients (58.8%, 49/85) were able to complete the implantation of S 1 sacroiliac screw, while 36 patients (35.3%, 36/85) were only able to complete the implantation of S 2 sacroiliac screw. The Gras score of postoperative screw position was 90.05% for grade I, 9.94% for grade II, and 0 for grade III. In 1 case the sacroiliac screw pierced through the anterior cortex of the sacrum, and in 1 case the screw partially threaded into the sacral foramen, and there were no symptoms of iatrogenic nerve injury. The R1 values of the preoperative steep sacral alar slope group, the mastoid protrusion group, the sacral foramen oval degeneration group, the lumbar sacralization group, the sacral foramen oval degeneration group and normal development patient group were 11.4±3.0, 11.6±3.2, 9.8±3.0, 8.8±4.2, 6.5±4.4, and 11.4±3.4 mm, respectively. The differences between the lumbar sacralization group, the sacral foramen oval degeneration group, and the S1 anterior cortical depression group with the normal development patients were statistically significant, respectively ( t=-3.05, P=0.005; t=-2.32, P=0.022; t=-3.45, P=0.006). The postoperative angle ∠A of the above six groups were 33.8°±4.2°, 20.8°±3.5°, 25.8°±2.5°, 35.5°±4.5, 27.8°±3.5° and 26.8°±5.0°, respectively. The postoperative angle ∠B of the above six groups were 27.8°±3.5°, 36.2°±3°, 26.3°±1.8°, 29.8°±2.7°, 14.8°±1.5° and 37.2±4.2°, respectively. The differences between the ∠A of the steep sacral alar slope group, the mastoid protrusion group, and tthe lumbar sacralization group with that of the normal development patients were statistically significant, respectively ( t=9.17, -7.48, 7.97, P<0.001). The differences between the ∠B of the steep sacral alar slope group, the lumbar sacralization group, the sacral foramen oval degeneration group, and the S 1 anterior cortical depression group with that of the normal development patients were statistically significant, respectively ( t=-14.68, -10.93, -19.79, -35.8, P<0.001). Conclusion:This study proposes the "absolute stenosis" of the S 1 screw channel; In the treatment of patients with abnormal proximal sacral fracture, attention should be paid to S 1 anterior cortical depression and lumbar sacralization, and robot-assisted sacroiliac screw implantation can further improve the safety and accuracy of sacroiliac screw implantation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 789-796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical outcome of Robot-assisted sacroiliac screw fixation in the treatment of fragility fracture of the sacrum in the elderly.Methods:From March 2016 to June 2022, a retrospective analysis was performed on 30 patients with fragility fractures of the sacrum in the elderly who accepted robot-assisted sacroiliac screw to treat fragility fractures of the sacrum in our hospital. There were 12 males and 18 females with average age 71.03±8.25 years (range, 60-89 years). According to the classification of fragility fractures of the pelvis (FFP) in the elderly, there were 22 patients with FFP II, 2 patients with FFP III, and 6 patients with FFP IV. Surgical planning was based on the average CT value of S 1 channel and whether there is a transsacral screw channel. Robot-assisted sacroiliac screw fixation was performed during surgery. The pain of pre-operation and post-operation was evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), the position of sacroiliac screws was evaluated by Gras grading, and the degree of functional recovery after surgery was evaluated using the Majeed function score. Results:All 30 patients successfully completed the operation. The mean operation time was 27.00±6.68 min (range, 18-35 min), the mean fluoroscopy times were 27.13±5.16 (range, 18-34), and the mean blood loss was 30.53±6.61 ml (range, 23-38 ml). All patients were followed up, and the mean follow-up time was 19.03±7.8 months (range, 8-25 months). The VAS was 5(5, 6), 4(3, 4), 3(2, 3), 0(0, 1) points before surgery, 1 week, 2 months and 6 months after surgery, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( H=103.26, P<0.001). After the surgery of 2 months, 6 months and the last follow-up time, the Majeed function scores were 88(83, 90), 91(87, 92), 92(90, 93) points, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( H=19.59, P<0.001). Screw position was evaluated according to Gras grading at 3 days after surgery, including 28 cases of level I, 2 cases of level II, and no screw penetrated the cortical bone or entered the sacral canal or sacral foramen. No vascular or nerve injury occured during the operation. 28 patients with FFS met the fracture healing criteria, and the healing time was 4.54±1.57 months (range, 3-7 months). Two patients had bone nonunion, one of whom underwent anterior ring plate removal due to infection of the pelvic anterior wound, and one month later, pelvic CT scan revealed loosening of the sacroiliac screw; the other one is considered to be related to too early weight bearing. Conclusion:For fragility fractures of the sacrum in elderly, Robot-assisted sacroiliac screw is an effective minimally invasive treatment, with high accuracy of screw placement, effective pain reduction, improved fracture healing rate, and achieve the satisfactory clinical efficacy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 782-788, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effectiveness and safety of robot-aided percutaneous anterior column screw combined with posterior plate fixtation treatment for transverse acetabular fractures with posterior wall.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the data of 13 patients with transverse acetabular fractures and posterior wall fractures treated by robot-aided percutaneous anterior column screws combined with posterior plate in Tianjin Hospital from May 2016 to May 2021. There were 9 males and 4 females, aged 49.1±8.5 years (range, 25-65 years), 9 cases of vehicle accidents, 2 cases of falling injuries, 2 cases of impact injuries, 7 cases of combined posterior hip dislocations, and 1 case of sciatic nerve injury. Apply Kocher-Langenbeck approach for reduction and fixation of the posterior wall and the posterior column and indirect reduction of the anterior column. Use robot navigation for percutaneous anterior column screw fixation, and record the time of inserting anterior column screws, incision length, and complications. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated using Matta imaging, and the degree of ectopic ossification was evaluated using Brooker classification. The Matta modified Postel Merle D'Aobigne score was used to evaluate the function at 3, 6 months after surgery and at the last follow-up.Results:All 13 patients successfully completed the surgery. The insertion time of the anterior column screw was 19.4±4.0 min (range, 17-23 min), and the incision length was 8.0±1.4 mm (range, 6-10 mm). Postoperative imaging examination showed that all anterior column screws were located within the bone canal, with a screw length of 108.3±11.2 mm (range, 90-130 mm), and no complications such as nerve or vascular injury or incision infection occurred. All 13 patients were followed up for a period of 12-36 months, with an average of 18.6 months; All fractures healed, with a healing time of 2-6 months, average 3.4 months. According to the Matta imaging evaluation method, 11 of 13 patients had anatomical reduction of fractures, and 2 were evaluated as incomplete reduction due to a 1-2 mm gap in the anterior column. The anatomical reduction rate was 84%. At postoperative 3, 6 months and the last follow-up, the modified Postel Merle D'Aobigne scores were 13.4±1.1, 15.8±1.5, and 17.0±1.7, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( F=7.78, P=0.007). The difference between the last follow-up and postoperative 3 months was statistically significant ( P=0.002), and there was no statistically significant difference compared to postoperative 6 months ( P=0.222). At the last follow-up, 8 cases were excellent, 4 cases were good, and 1 case was fair, with an excellent and good rate of 92%. There was no occurrence of ectopic ossification, traumatic arthritis, or necrosis of the femoral head. Conclusion:Robot-aided percutaneous anterior column screw combined with posterior plate treatment for transverse acetabular fractures with posterior wall is safe and effective, and is worthy of clinical promotion.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 211-218, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920823

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the association between pressure-controlled ventilation-volume guaranteed (PCV-VG) mode and volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) mode on postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection. Methods     A retrospective cohort analysis of 329 patients undergoing elective thoracoscopic lung resection in West China Hospital of Sichuan University between September 2020 and March 2021 was conducted, including 213 females and 116 males, aged 53.6±11.3 years. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade wasⅠ-Ⅲ. The patients who received lung-protective ventilation strategy during anesthesia were divided into a PCV-VG group (n=165) and a VCV group (n=164) according to intraoperative ventilation mode. Primary outcome was the incidence of PPCs during hospitalization. Results     A total of 73 (22.2%) patients developed PPCs during hospitalization. The PPCs incidence of PCV-VG and VCV was 21.8% and 22.6%, respectively (RR=0.985, 95%CI 0.569-1.611, P=0.871). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was no statistical difference in the incidence of PPCs between PCV-VG and VCV mode during hospitalization (OR=0.846, 95%CI 0.487-1.470, P=0.553). Conclusion     Among patients undergoing thoracoscopic lung resection, intraoperative ventilation mode (PCV-VG or VCV) is not associated with the risk of PPCs during hospitalization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 248-253, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935378

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and substance use behaviors among lesbians to provide a scientific basis for high-risk population identification and formulation of targeted intervention measures. Methods: Lesbians who participated in routine AIDS voluntary counseling, testing services, activities, and peer recommendations were recruited from July to December 2018, with the help of LesPark in Beijing. Convenient sampling method was used. Demographic characteristics, ACE, and substance use behaviors of subjects were investigated using an online platform powered by www.wjx.cn. Subsequently, the associations between ACE and adulthood substance use behaviors were evaluated using the logistic regression model. The SPSS 22.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 294 lesbians were recruited in the study, 81.3% (239/294) of them were lesbians, and 18.7% (55/294) were bisexuals. Besides, 55.8% (164/294) of subjects reported they had had ACE, with proportions of lesbians experiencing abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction as 33.3% (98/294), 24.5% (72/294), and 32.7% (96/294), respectively. 55.1% (162/294) of the lesbians reported they had smoked in the past 30 days, 11.2% (33/294) reported having drug-use behavior in the past three months, and 22.8% (67/294) claimed drinking alcohol weekly. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lesbians with ACE were at high risks to smoke (OR=1.87, 95%CI: 1.13-3.08), drink (OR=2.13, 95%CI: 1.18-3.84), and use drugs (OR=3.33, 95%CI: 1.29-8.61) in adulthood. Moreover, lesbians with childhood family dysfunction were at higher risk of smoking cigarettes (OR=2.60, 95%CI: 1.46-4.62) and drinking alcohol (OR=2.65, 95%CI: 1.44-4.87). At the same time, those with abuse experience were at higher risk of drug use (OR=3.17, 95%CI: 1.26-7.96). Conclusions: Substance use behaviors, including cigarette smoking, drinking alcohol, and drugs use, were common among lesbians. Positive associations were found between ACE and adulthood substance use behaviors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Adverse Childhood Experiences , Child Abuse/psychology , Risk Factors , Sexual and Gender Minorities , Substance-Related Disorders/psychology
15.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 585-591, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934897

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the association between anesthesia regimen (volatile or intravenous anesthetics) and postoperative infection in adult cardiac patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 496 elective adults undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass from June 2019 to June 2020 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were retrospectively analyzed, including 251 females and 245 males with an average age of 54.1±11.4 years. American Society of Anesthesiologists grade was Ⅰ-Ⅲ. There were 243 patients in a volatile group with sevoflurane or desflurane, and 253 patients in an intravenous anesthesia group with propofol. The primary outcome was the incidence of infection within 30 days after cardiac surgery, including pulmonary infection, surgical site infection, sepsis, and urinary tract infection. The secondary outcomes were duration of mechanical ventilation, incidence of reintubation, ICU stay, postoperative length of hospital stay and total hospitalization cost. Results     A total of 155 (31.3%) patients developed postoperative infection within 30 days, with an incidence of 32.9% in the volatile group and 29.6% in the intravenous anesthesia group. There was no statistical difference in the incidence of infection (RR=1.111, 95%CI 0.855 to 1.442, P=0.431) or the secondary outcomes (P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion     The anesthesia regimen (volatile or intravenous anesthetics) has no association with the risk of occurrence of postoperative infection in adult  patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 211-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the level of tibial growth plate chondrocyte mitophagy in young rats with chronic renal failure (CRF) and its effect on chondrocyte apoptosis.Methods:Male 4-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into two groups according to random number table method: normal control group ( n=20, intragastric administration with distilled water) and CRF group ( n=20, given adenine suspension 150 mg·kg -1·d -1). All the young rats were sacrificed after continuous gavage for 6 weeks. The length of tibia was measured on X ray film, the width of tibia growth plate was measured and compared on histological section, and the apoptosis rate of chondrocytes in growth plate was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The growth plate chondrocytes of two groups were isolated and cultured to the third generation in vitro, and the apoptosis rate of chondrocytes was detected by TUNEL assay. The co-localization of mitochondria and autophagy lysosomes in chondrocytes was observed by double fluorescence staining. Western blotting was used to detect the level of mitochondrial marker protein translocate of the outer mitochondrial membrane-20 (Tom-20) and autophagy marker light chain-3 protein (LC-3). The mitophagy of growth plate chondrocytes was observed by transmission electron microscope. Results:Compared with the normal control group, the tibia length of CRF group was shorter [(27.32±5.81) mm vs (35.43±3.61) mm, t=5.226, P<0.001], and the relative width of growth plate in histological section was narrower (0.56±0.19 vs 1.00±0.21, t=6.744, P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of chondrocytes in growth plate in CRF group was higher than that in the normal control group (17.2%±4.8% vs 5.1%±3.4%, t=6.505, P<0.001). The apoptosis rate of chondrocytes cultured in vitro in CRF group was higher than that in the normal control group (11.8%±6.2% vs 3.1%±1.2%, t=4.357, P<0.001). The result of double influorescence staining showed that there was co-localization between mitochondria and autophagy lysosomes in CRF group. Western blotting results showed that the levels of LC-3 protein ( t=8.944, P<0.001) and Tom-20 protein ( t=6.708, P<0.001) in CRF group were lower than those in the normal control group. Conclusion:The level of tibial growth plate chondrocyte mitophagy in young rats with CRF increases, which will lead to a decrease in the number of mitochondria, an increase in the apoptosis and a decrease in the number of chondrocytes, and eventually lead to dysplasia of tibia.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 635-643, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcomes of unstable pelvic fractures in adolescents treated with robot-assisted posterior pelvic channel screw.Methods:From October 2016 to October 2020, 14 adolescent patients with unstable pelvic fractures were retrospectively analyzed. There were 8 males and 6 females, average age of 14.57±1.69 years (range, 12-17 years). Pelvic fracture classification: according to Tile classification, 2 cases of B1, 3 cases of B2, 1 case of B3, 2 cases of C1, 5 cases of C2, 1 case of type C3. According to Torode-Zieg classification, 2 cases of type IIIb, 12 cases of type IV. According to Young-Burgess classification, 1 case of APC II, 1 case of APC III, 2 cases of LC I, 2 cases of LC III, 8 cases of VS type. The diameter of the sacroiliac screw channel, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction quality, pelvic asymmetry, pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Majeed score, screw placement accuracy, postoperative complications were analyzed. The pelvic asymmetry and VAS at presurgery, one week after surgery and the last follow-up were statistically analyzed.Results:There were 8 cases of robot-assisted sacroiliac screw placement and 6 cases of robot-assisted triangular fixation. All patients were followed up for 24.85±10.26 months (range, 12-51 months). The average height of S 1 sacroiliac screw channel was 14.85±3.59 mm (range, 8-22 mm). The average width was 13.78±2.64 mm (range, 9-19 mm). The average height of S 2 sacroiliac screw channel was 14.07±3.08 mm (range, 8-21 mm), and the average width was 12.64±2.84 mm (range, 7-19 mm). The operation time was 63.57±21.61 min (range, 20-120 min), and the intraoperative blood loss was 65.71±41.83 ml (range, 20-200 ml). According to Mears and Velyvis imaging evaluation criteria, 7 cases were anatomically reduced, 6 cases were satisfactory, and 1 case was unsatisfactory, and the satisfactory reduction rate was 93% (13/14). The pelvic asymmetry was 18.14±6.07 mm (range, 9-33 mm) before surgery, while one week after surgery, it was 5.43±2.44 mm (range, 3-13 mm), and it was 4.64±2.27 mm (range, 3-12 mm) in the last follow-up. One week after surgery, the last follow-up, and preoperative pelvic asymmetry was statistically different ( F=50.21, P<0.001); As for VAS for pelvic pain, the score was 6.93±1.21 points (range, 5-9 points) preoperative, 3.93±0.99 points (range, 3-6 points) one week after surgery, and 1.21±0.97 points (range, 0-3 points) at the last follow-up. There was statistical difference between 1 week after operation, the last follow-up and preoperative VAS ( F=100.89, P<0.001). The Majeed score was 86.14±7.35 points (range, 70-95 points), and the excellent and good rate was 93%(13/14). All the robot-assisted screws were located in the bone, the screw placement accuracy was 100%. No postoperative complications such as wound infection occurred, and only 1 patient complained of discomfort because of the nail tail. Conclusion:For unstable pelvic fractures in adolescents, robot-assisted pelvic posterior channel screws shows satisfactory postoperative clinical effects, which is minimally invasive, with fewer postoperative complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 341-348, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932841

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the learning curve and inflection point of robot-assisted L 4 and L 5 pedicle screw insertion for lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the data of 43 patients with L 4 and L 5 pedicle screw insertion for lumbar spondylolisthesis from January 2016 to December 2020 using surgical robot, including 19 males and 24 females, aging 59 (48, 66) years old. According to Meyerding classification, there were 23 grade I slippage, 18 grade II slippage, and 2 grade III slippage. The screw deviation and screw accuracy grade were assessed. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the number of intraoperative fluoroscopies, postoperative complications, and postoperative hospital stay were recorded. Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) was used to analyze the learning curve, and the learning curve is divided into early and late learning stages according to morphology. T test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used for statistical analysis and comparison of indicators between early and late learning stages. Results:43 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis successfully completed the operation, with 60 L 4 pedicle screws and 70 L 5 pedicle screws inserted. The accuracy of L 4 pedicle screw placement began to improve since the 23rd placement, and the accuracy of L 5 pedicle screw placement began to improve since the 20th placement. Using the 23rd pedicle screw (the 14th patient) to divide the learning curve as the early stage and the late stage. There was no statistically significant difference in the operation time (225.0±74.0 min vs. 207.0±81.2 min, t=0.65, P=0.521), intraoperative blood loss[200 (75, 500) ml vs. 100 (60, 200) ml, Z=1.30, P=0.195], the number of intraoperative fluoroscopies[10 (6, 10) vs. 10 (6, 10), Z=-0.37, P=0.712] and postoperative complications (8% vs. 0, P=0.302) between the early stage and late stage of learning curve. In the late stage of learning, the postoperative hospital stay was shorter[4.5 (3, 6) d vs. 6.0 (5, 9) d, Z=2.00, P=0.046]and the pedicle screw insertion accuracy was higher[L 4: 1.33 (1.06, 1.79) mm vs. 2.23 (1.12, 4.55) mm, Z=2.43, P=0.015; L 5: 1.47 (0.98, 1.87) mm vs. 3.21 (1.64, 4.87) mm, Z=3.90, P=0.001]. The accuracy of screw placement was similar between the early and late stages[L 4: 95%(21/22) vs. 97%(37/38), P=1.000; L 5: 91%(20/22) vs. 96%(46/48), P=0.585]. Conclusion:Robot-assisted L 4 and L 5 pedicle screw placement in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis had a relatively obvious learning curve. Starting from the placement of the 23rd screws, the accuracy of screw placement gradually increased.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 306-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the clinical value of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) on diagnosis and treatment of lumbosacral nerve injury associated with sacral fractures and analyze the characters of nerve injury which was caused by sacral fractures.Methods:The clinical data of 40 patients who had lumbosacral nerve injury associated with sacral fractures and accepted treatment in Tianjin hospital from August 2018 to December 2020 were collected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Twenty-four patients had unilateral sacral fractures (Tile C1) which included 16 Denis II type fractures and 8 Denis III type fractures. Sixteen patients had bilateral sacral fractures which were all Tile C3, U shaped and Denis II type sacral fractures. All patients had symptoms or signs of lumbosacral nerve injury, and accepted contrast-enhanced three-dimensional magnetic resonance neurography (CE-3D MRN) to diagnose the injury part and severity degree. The L 5-S 4 nerves were separated to three parts based on injured side and intraspinal type (IS), intraforaminal type (IF) and extraforaminal type (EF) location, and were judged the mild, medium or severe degree of nerve injury severity. Overall and pairwise Chi-square test was performed on the number of nerve injuries. Eleven patients accepted the operation of nerve dissection and exploration. The nerve injury part and severity were recorded under direct vision, and were statistically analyzed with CE-3D MRN outcome. Results:The outcome of 239 lumbosacral nerve injuries which had different part and severity were found by MRN, and all combined with sacral fractures of the same side. The nerves which ranked from largest to fewest according to injured numbers were L 5, S 1, S 2, S 3 and S 4. The statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences of injured nerve numbers except between S 1 and S 2, S 3 and S 4, and there were no significant difference of nerve injury part and severity degree between the direct visual judgement intraoperatively and preoperative CE-3D MRN examination. Conclusion:MRN can reveal the part and severity degree of lumbosacral nerve injury associated with sacral fracture clearly and accurately, which has important clinical value and should become the preferred examination of such injuries. The lumbosacral nerve injury has the most frequent features of S 1 and S 2, followed by L 5, and the least in S 3 and S 4.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 84-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a new TIANJI robot assisted targeted puncture technique, and discuss the feasibility and clinical effect of transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (tPELD) using this technique.Methods:The first 14 consecutive cases of single level lumbar disc herniation who underwent robot assisted tPELD procedure were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age was 46.3±16.0 years old (ranged from 16-72). After data transferred from C-arm to robot system and automatic registration, surgeons made plans of the trajectory on robot system based on intraoperative 3-dimensional images of lumbar spine. Move robotic arm to planned position, guide an accurate puncture pathway and establish working cannula. 25 consecutive patients who underwent conventional C-arm assisted tPELD surgery during the same period of time were assessed as the controlled group. The mean age was 45.5±13.7 years old (ranged from 16-68). All patients were followed up for 12 months. Clinical effect was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Modified Macnab criteria. Intraoperative parameters and surgery-related complications were recorded.Results:The baseline data of age, surgical level, types of herniation, preoperative VAS scores and ODI had no significant difference between two groups ( P>0.05). In robot group, one case was converted to open microdiscectomy during operation due to technical failure. The other thirteen cases had successful robot assisted tPELD surgeries and were assessed accordingly. The new technique had good clinical outcomes. The immediate post-operative VAS score 2.85±1.79 and the last follow-up VAS score 1.50±1.04 were both significantly decreased than that before surgery 7.62±0.92 ( F=69.747, P<0.01); the last follow-up ODI 18.89%±12.16% was significantly reduced from the pre-operative ODI 71.19%±12.12% ( t=15.430, P<0.01). Between two groups, the immediate post-operative VAS score ( t=0.568, P=0.574), the last follow-up VAS score ( t=0.713, P=0.481), and last follow-up ODI had no significant difference ( t=0.171, P=0.865). The excellent or good rate of modified Macnab criteria at the last follow-up was 92.30% in robot group, comparing to 84.0% in controlled group. The fluoroscopic times during surgery of robot group 8.8±5.5 was significantly lowered the in controlled group 21.3±8.3 ( P<0.01). One case in robot group and two cases in controlled group had recurrence during follow-up period (recurrence rate 7.7% vs. 8.3%). However, there was no significant complications such as nerve root injury, dura injury or increased intracranial pressure in both groups. Conclusion:This study confirmed the feasibility of this new technique. Preliminary results indicated that TIANJI robot could help to build an easy, accurate and safe procedure of tPELD surgery.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL