Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.814
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate auricular lobule index difference in healthy young female of different height or weight, and to provide an additional reference for otoplasty of auricular lobule.Methods:Subjects were made up of 266 healthy young females of Henan residents. Their height, weight, physiognomic ear breadth, morphological ear breadth, physiognomic ear length, morphological ear length, auricular lobule length, auricular lobule breadth were measured and calculated. All the data were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 software.Results:We obtained the means, standard deviation of each items, and data were treated statistically. In the 266 subjects, average height was (162.9±4.1) cm, weight (55.3±6.5) kg, morphological ear breadth (4.9±0.6) cm, morphological ear length (2.9±0.3) cm, physiognomic ear breadth (6.2±0.4) cm, physiognomic ear length (3.3±0.3) cm, auricular lobule breadth (1.6±0.3) cm, auricular lobule length (1.8±0.2) cm, lobule physiognomic ear breadth index (25.6±4.9)%, lobule-physiognomic ear length index (53.69±7.69)%, and auricular lobule index (91.4±19.3)%. The differences among the indices mentioned above were of statistical significance ( P<0.05); the indices of subjects of different height were significantly different ( P<0.05); the indices of subjects of different weight were of no statistical difference. ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The subjects of different height or weight have no different morphological ear breadth, morphological ear length, physiognomic ear breadth, physiognomic ear length, auricular lobule length, lobule-physiognomic ear length index and auricular lobule index; hence, the indices are no related to body height and weight. However, the subjects of different height have different auricular lobule breadth and lobule-physiognomic ear breadth index.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the use of the reference intervals for blood cell counting and the reference of industry standard in China.Methods:Information from all laboratories was collected using online questionnaire in 18 reference intervals survey in blood cell counting in 2019. The information includes the source of the reference intervals, the verification of the reference intervals, and the upper and lower limits of the reference intervals, the method used, the instrument, the reagent and the calibrator. Microsoft Excel 2007 software was used to analyze the results of all laboratories. The median and 95% confidence interval were calculated. The distribution of the reference intervals for blood cell counting and their conformance to industry standards were analyzed.Results:2, 869 labs reported the data. The main sources were industry standards and National Guide to Clinical Laboratory Procedures. The proportion was 33.30%-35.02% and 28.55%-30.90% respectively. 49.44%-55.13% of laboratories validated the reference interval when citing industry standards. The reference interval grouping of most laboratories (89.37%-91.69%) cited in RBC, Hgb and Hct were consistent with the industry standards. We compared the upper and lower limits of the reference intervals with that given by the industry standards, when the lower limit of the reference intervals of mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, absolute neutrophils count, absolute basophils count, absolute monocyte count, and lymphocyte percentage were compared. The upper limit of reference intervals of neutrophils percentage as well as upper and lower limits of reference intervals of mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, absolute eosinophil count, basophils percentage, and monocyte percentage were also compared. The median and mode were equal and consistent with industry standards. For other labs, the upper and lower limits of the reference intervals were not consistent with the reference intervals given by the industry standards.Conclusion:The use of reference intervals for blood cell counting was not the same, and the implementation of industry standards was not optimistic. A considerable number of laboratories had not verified the reference intervals, so it was necessary to promote the industry standards for reference intervals.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885925

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer poses a major threat to public health worldwide, early diagnosis of cervical cancer can improve the survival rate of patients. The detection rate of the existing cervical cancer screening methods is not very stable, and there is no reliable non-invasive index to predict the recurrence, metastasis and prognosis of cervical cancer. We searched literaruture for cervical cancer-related diagnostic and prognostic indicators and included 20 related literature, confirming that liquid biopsy is expected to replace and supplement the existing methods of screening and testing. Circulating nucleotides are an important part of liquid bioassays, including circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) and circulating cell-free RNA (cfRNA), among which cfRNA is a potentially rich source of tumor biomarkers, especially in the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. It has unique specificity and great potential value in the early diagnosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the prevalence of human rhinovirus (HRV) infection in hospitalized children in Tianjin and investigate the clinical impact of HRV infections.Methods:From July 2017 to December 2019, 2 945 nasopharyngeal secretion specimens were screened for HRV using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). VP4/VP2 sequences of HRV were further characterized. The clinical characteristics of the HRV infection were analyzed. The detection results of HRV for different groups and different months were compared using SPSS 19.0.Results:HRV-positive specimens accounted for 8.15% (240/2 945), of which 74.78% (86/115) were diagnosed with pneumonia, 40.83%(98/240) had co-infections with other common pathogens. HRV infections could be detected throughout the year with peaks in spring (11.00%, 66/660) and autumn (9.29%, 81/872). The positive rate of HRV was 4.14%(29/700) in winter. By VP4/VP2 sequence analysis, HRV-A was the most frequently detected strain(50.00%, 78/156), followed by HRV-C (41.67%, 65/156).46.15% (30/65) of HRV-C infections occurred in October and November. There were several different HRV-A types and HRV-C types. The most commonly detected HRV-A types were A12(11.54%, 9/78), A49(6.41%, 5/78), A22, A101, and A66(5.13%, 4/78), etc. The most common HRV-C types were C2(20.00%, 13/65), C22(9.23%, 6/65), C26, C43, C54 and C53(4.62%,3/65). Patients with HRV-A infections are more likely to show fever symptoms than HRV-C (χ2=5.411, P<0.05). No significant difference in other symptoms were found between the two types. Conclusions:HRV was a commonly detected virus among infants and had a clear seasonal distribution. It′s also possible for the HRV patients to have co-infections with other pathogens.HRV showed high genetic diversity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and molecular classification of Human adenovirus (HAdV) and Human bocavirus (HBoV) infection in hospitalized children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin Children′s Hospital.Methods:A total of 1 171 nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children with acute respiratory infection in Tianjin Children′s Hospital from March 2019 to February 2020. The specific primers designed by gene sequence were amplified by polymerase chain reation (PCR), and the positive amplification products were determined by sequencing. The sequences of HAdV and HBoV were compared in GenBank, molecular typed and phylogenetic tree analyzed of HAdV by MEGA7.0.26. The positive rate of HAdV and HBoV in different age groups(<6 months, 6-11 months, 12-23 months, 24-35 months, 36-47 months, ≥48 months) and seasons were compared by SPSS20.0.Results:Thirty HAdV were detected in 1 171 specimens, with a positive rate of 2.56% (30/1 171) and 84 cases with HBoV, with a positive rate of 7.17% (84/1 171).The positive detection rates of HAdV and HBoV in different age groups were 1.02% (4/392)-6.61% (8/121) and 4.09% (7/171)-11.45% (26/227), respectively. There was a significant difference in the positive detection rate of HAdV and HBoV in each age group (χ2=12.862, P=0.025; χ2=14.178, P=0.015).Winter is the peak period of HAdV infection, with a positive rate of 5.54% (15/271). The peak of HBoV infection is autumn and winter with a positive rate of 12.00% (36/300) and 12.5% (34/271), respectively, higher than that of the other two seasons (χ2=43.753, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in different season groups (χ2=13.287, P=0.004; χ2=43.753, P<0.05). The sequences of 29 adenoviruses were HAdV-3, 7 serotypes of HAdV-B subgroup and HAdV-1, 2, 5 serotypes of HAdV-C subgroup. Conclusion:HAdV and HBoV play important roles in children′s respiratory tract infections, and are closely related to factors such as the season and the age of the child. They should attract clinical attention.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885842

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the most common and serious diabetic complications, which is the main cause of vision loss in adults. The specific vascular and neuropathology mechanism of DR is not clear. It has been demonstrated that Inflammatory reaction might be take effects in the development and progression of DR. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), as an important chemokine in the inflammatory response process, promotes chemotactic and activating factors, destroys the blood-retinal barrier, causes retinal vascular disease, and activates microglia, which is related to the severity of the disease. With further research on MCP-1, it is possible to use chemokines and their receptors as target cells to control or slow down the progression of DR by reducing or inhibiting the production of MCP-1 in diabetic patients in the early stages of the disease. This study can provide new ideas and new methods about preventing and treating DR.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of Mycoplasma pneumoniae( Mp) genotypes and subtypes in children in Tianjin. Methods:Children with pneumonia admitted to Tianjin Children′s Hospital from December 2017 to December 2019 were selected as the research objects. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected by fiberoptic bronchoscopy. The positive samples were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and Mp culture. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP) and multiple variable number tandem repeats were used for genotyping. Detailed clinical and laboratory data were collected for all cases. Results:The results of RFLP showed that there were 138 cases (78.9%) of typeⅠand 37 cases (21.1%) of type Ⅱ; 37 cases of type M3-5-6-2, including six subtypes B, G, M, S, V and Y; 138 cases of M4-5-7-2 were detected, including seven subtypes of E, J, P, U, X, Z and a. In M3-5-6-2 type, there were 1 case of P1-Ⅰtype (2.7%), 36 cases of P1-Ⅱtype (97.3%), 137 cases of P1-Ⅰ type (99.2%) and 1 case of P1-Ⅱ type (0.7%) in M4-5-7-2 type. There was no significant difference in genotype distribution among different age groups. There were statistical differences in the distribution of four seasons among the 13 genotypes of B, G, M, S, V, Y and E, J, P, U, X, Z, a. All Mp infected children had symptoms of fever and cough. The hospitalization time, fever duration, high fever (>39℃), cough duration, skin changes, digestive system symptoms and liver function injury rate of P1-Ⅰ/M4-5-7-2 pneumonia children were higher than those of P1-Ⅱ/M3-5-6-2 pneumonia children, but the difference was not statistically significant. The WBC count of P1-Ⅱ/M3-5-6-2 types was higher than that of typeⅠand M4-5-7-2; the LDH of P1-Ⅰ/M4-5-7-2 was higher than that of Ⅱ and M3-5-6-2, with statistical difference. There was no significant difference in the incidence of inflammatory consolidation, atelectasis, pleural thickening and pleural effusion among different genotypes. Conclusions:Mp infection in children with pneumonia in Tianjin is mainly P1-Ⅰ/ M4-5-7-2, and P1-Ⅱ is on the rise. P1-Ⅰ and M4-5-7-2 were associated with fever and severe symptoms.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular epidemiological characteristics of norovirus (NoV) in hospitalized children with sporadic acute gastroenteritis in Tianjin in 2019.Methods:Fecal specimens and clinical data were collected from 3 116 hospitalized children with sporadic acute gastroenteritis possibly caused by viral infection in Tianjin Children′ Hospital between January and December, 2019. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect NoV. Partial sequences of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) and capsid genes of NoV were amplified by RT-PCR. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis were performed for further analysis.Results:Among the 3 116 specimens, 809 (26.0%) were positive for NoV. There were significant differences in NoV detection rate between different age groups ( P=0.000), and the highest NoV detection rate (31.6%) was observed in the age group of 7-12 months. Moreover, the detection rate of NoV varied with seasons ( P=0.000), and the NoV detection rate was highest in winter (39.0%). Based on the sequence analysis of RdRp and capsid genes, 286 identified NoV strains belonged to six genotypes, which were GⅡ.P12-GⅡ.3, GⅡ.P16-GⅡ.2, GⅡ.P17-GⅡ.17, GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.2, GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.3 and GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.4. The predominant genotype was GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 (61.2%), followed by GⅡ.P12-GⅡ.3 (33.6%, 96/286), GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.3 (2.4%, 7/286), GⅡ.P16-GⅡ.2 (2.1%, 6/286), GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.2 (0.3%, 1/286) and GⅡ.P17-GⅡ.17 (0.3%, 1/286). Patients carrying the NoV of GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 genotype were likely to suffer from vomiting than those positive for NoV of GⅡ.P12-GⅡ.3 genotype. Conclusions:NoV was an important pathogen causing acute gastroenteritis in children. GⅡ.Pe-GⅡ.4 Sydney 2012 and GⅡ.P12-GⅡ.3 were the major genotypes of NoV in hospitalized children with sporadic acute gastroenteritis in Tianjin in 2019.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885448

ABSTRACT

The clinical, neuroelectrophysiological, neuropathological characteristics and outcome of a case of acute sensory axonopathy are reported. The patient was a 32-year-old female. She presented with acute onset sensory abnormalities, sensory ataxia, pseudoathetosis and areflex. Lab testing showed cerebrospinal fluid albumin cytologic dissociation. Electromyography studies and sural nerve pathology were consistent with acute sensory axonopathy. Treatment including intravenous immunoglobulin and steroid therapy was provided. Her symptoms recovered slowly without relapse, so did tibial H-reflex amplitudes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885377

ABSTRACT

A survey on professional knowledge levels was conducted from April to October 2019 among 388 general practitioners (GPs) from 46 community health service centers and 30 township health centers of 6 provinces selected by stratified random sampling method. The overall knowledge test score was 31.82—84.09(56.94±9.19) points, and the pass rate was 36.3% (141/388). There were significant differences in test scores among participants with different types of work units, regions, provinces, marital status, educational background, professional titles, types of employment, length of service, and training status (all P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that educational background ( B=-2.835), professional title ( B=-8.867), and participation in professional course training ( B=2.214) were the influencing factors of knowledge level (all P<0.05). The pass rates in knowledge of prevention/health management (13.7%, 53/388) and policies and regulations (12.1%, 47/388) were low. The results show that the levels of professional knowledge among GPs working in grassroots health institutions are relatively low, and suggest that continuing education should be strengthened to improve the professional knowledge level of GPs in primary care institutions, particularly, knowledge of health policies and regulations, disease prevention and health management.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection(LAPR) with pelvic peritoneum closure for patients with low rectal cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 90 patients with low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection from Mar 2014 to Jan 2019 at the Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into closed pelvic floor peritoneum group (study group, n=42) and without pelvic floor peritoneum group (control group, n=48) . Results:The postoperative hospital stay of the study group was shorter than that of the control group[(10.8±3.0) d vs. (12.4±3.1) d, t=2.569, P=0.013]. There was no statistically significant difference in the operation time , intraoperative blood loss , time to first flatus ,first time of getting out of bed between the two groups. Perineal incision infection and perineal incision dehiscence occurred in 2 cases and 1 case in the study group, and 10 cases and 9 cases in the control group respectively (χ 2= 5.007, P=0.025; χ 2=6.077, P=0.033). In the study group, there were 0 cases of perineal hernia, 1 case of pelvic floor peritoneal hernia and 2 cases of adhesive intestinal obstruction, while those in the control group were 7 cases, 8 cases and 9 cases, respectively (χ 2=6.642, P=0.013; χ 2=5.079, P=0.033; χ 2=4.085, P=0.043). Conclusion:Laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with pelvic peritoneum closure significantly reduces the incidence of postoperative perineal-related complications and shorten postoperative hospital stay.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 208-213, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884990

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the cause of varicocele (VC) recurrence and investigate the efficacy of sub-inguinal microsurgical varicocelectomy (MV) for recurrent VC.Methods:All of 16 inpatients diagnosed as recurrent VC, in the Department of Andrology of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from 2015 April to 2019 April, were performed sub-inguinal MV. The age of the inpatients was 18-36 years old, median 27 years old.5 cases were originally performed retroperitoneal high ligation of spermatic vein and other 11 cases were originally performed laparoscopic varicocelectomy. During the review one to three years after the previous operation, all of 16 patients were diagnosed as VC recurrence. The complains of these patients during the review included male subfertility (10 cases) and scrotal pain (12 cases), in which 6 cases’ complains were male subfertility with scrotal pain. After admission, 13 patients were classified as Grade Ⅲ (left in 8 cases, bilateral in 5 cases) and 3 patients as Grade Ⅱ (all left). The median of their visual analogue scale (VAS) was 2.5. Color doppler flow imaging (CDFI) grading showed: Grade Ⅲ in 12 cases (left in 7 cases, bilateral in 5 cases), Grade Ⅱ in 4 cases (all left). Particularly, 12 of them were Graded as Ⅲ simultaneously accompanying with Nut-cracker Phenomenon (NCP). Preoperative tests showed that the average serum testosterone was (16.2±4.9)nmol/ml, the average sperm concentration was (11.8±3.9)×10 6/ml and the progressive motility rate (PR) was (24.4±4.2)%. All of the patients were performed sub-inguinal MV using general anesthesia and supine position. The spermatic cords were clearly exposed and padded up by inserting gauze strips under them. During the operation, the field was magnified 4-6 times with the microscope. Then all of the dilated external and internal spermatic veins were ligated, at the same time the internal spermatic artery and lymph vessels were well preserved. During these operations, 11 patients underwent left-side MV, while other 5 did bilateral MVs. During these MVs, we found twisted and dilated external and internal spermatic veins in all cases and well preserved the internal spermatic arteries and lymph vessels. The number of ligated left and right external spermatic veins were(2.1±0.6) and (1.4±0.5)respectively and the number of ligated left and right internal spermatic veins were (10.1±1.1) and (6.6±0.5) respectively. We also found out(1.3±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (3.0±1.0)lymph-vessels on left side. On right side, there were (1.4±0.5) internal spermatic arteries and (2.6±0.5) lymph-vessels respectively. At last, we summarily analyzed the pre-operative and post-operative VAS, serum testosterone, CDFI and semen analysis data. Results:All of the 16 sub-inguinal MVs were successfully performed. All patients were reviewed comprehensively 6 months after MV. The reviewed results showed that the post-operative VAS was significantly reduced ( Z=-2.994, P<0.05), palpable scrotal vessels disappeared and Valsalva tests were negative. No obvious reflux of internal spermatic veins were detected by CDFI. Interestingly, the sperm concentration and motility were both significantly improved 6 months after MV ( P<0.05), while there was not remarkable increase of the serum testosterone after MV ( P>0.05). During the follow up, no testicular atrophy, hydrocele and other complications were found. Up to submission, five of the ten patients who presented for male subfertility have impregnated their wives. Conclusions:The most possible cause of VC recurrence could be the omission of the external and internal spermatic veins, particularly in the grade Ⅲ VC patients or VC accompanied with NCP. The sub-inguinal MV, which can discover more twisted spermatic veins and at the same time preserve the spermatic artery and lymph-vessels, shows better clinical efficacy than other procedures.

13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 192-196, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884987

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic efficacy of targeted biopsy (TB) versus targeted biopsy combined with systematic biopsy (TB+ SB) for patients with multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) prostate imaging-reporting and data system (PI-RADS) score of 4-5.Methods:The clinical data of 378 patients with mpMRI PI-RADS score of 4-5 in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2018 to February 2020 who received prostate TB+ SB were retrospectively analyzed. Median age was 69 (64, 75) years old, median prostate specific antigen was 9.5 (6.7, 16.3) ng/ ml, and median prostate volume was 34.1 (23.5, 48.4) ml. There were 240 cases with PI-RADS score of 4 and 138 cases with PI-RADS score of 5. Evaluating Gleason score of positive biopsy pathology and using χ 2 test or Fisher exact test to analyze the detection of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer(CsPCa) by TB versus TB+ SB. Results:Of the all 378 cases, 88 cases (23.3%) were negative and 290 cases (76.7%) were positive. The average number of needle for TB was 2.4 per person, while SB was 12 per person. TB and SB had no statistically significant difference in the detection rate of PCa (73.3% vs. 68.3%, P=0.129) and CsPCa (55.8% vs. 49.7%, P=0.094) and in the accuracy (79.1% vs. 77.8%, P=0.658), but had a statistically significant difference in the positive rate (64.2% vs. 23.1%, P < 0.001). The pathological coincidence rate of TB and TB+ SB was 92.3%. There was no statistical difference in the detection rate of PCa (73.3% vs. 76.7%, P=0.275) and CsPCa (55.8% vs. 62.2%, P=0.076) between TB and TB+ SB. The missed diagnosis rate of TB for PCa was 4.5%, for CsPCa was 10.2%. For patients with PI-RADS score of 4, TB had no significant difference in the detection rate of PCa (65.4% vs. 69.2%, P=0.381) and CsPCa (46.7% vs. 52.9%, P=0.171) from TB+ SB. The accuracy of TB was 82.1%. The missed diagnosis rate of TB for PCa was 5.4%, for CsPCa was 11.8%. For patients with PI-RADS score of 5, TB had no significant difference in the detection rate of PCa (87.0% vs. 89.9%, P=0.452) and CsPCa (71.7% vs. 78.3%, P=0.211) from TB+ SB. The accuracy of TB was 73.9%. The missed diagnosis rate of TB for PCa was 3.2%, for CsPCa was 8.3%. Conclusions:For high-risk prostate cancer patients with PI-RADS score of 4-5, TB can obtain a detection effect similar to that of TB+ SB with fewer needles, but there is still the possibility of inaccurate diagnosis and missed diagnosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 43-47, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the learning effect of laparoscopic radical cystectomy(LRC)+ modified ileal conduit(MIC).Methods:From 2014 to 2019, 42 patients underwent MIC and their clinical data was retrospectively analyzed. 34 operations were performed by surgeon 1 and 8 operations by surgeon 2. We divided the 34 patients of surgeon 1 into three groups according to their surgical sequence (group A, 1st to 12th; group B, 13th to 23th; group C, 24 th to 34 th), the 8 cases of surgeon 2 was regarded as group D. The history of abdomen surgery in the 4 groups were 0, 1, 4, 3 cases, respectively ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference of the other baseline characteristics, such as age, BMI, American Society of Anesthesiologists. Then we compared several variables between the 4 groups like operation time, time of ileal conduit construction, blood loss, complication rate, lymph node yield, surgical margin, etc. The key steps of the MIC included isolating terminal ileum when the mesentery was transilluminated, performing end-to-end reflux ureterointestinal anastomosis after the efferent loop was fixed, closing the rent of the retroperitoneum. Results:All operations were performed intracorporeally with no transition to open surgery. The operative time for group A, B, C were 330.0(320.0, 360.0)min, 300.0(250.0, 308.0)min, 270.0(216.0, 324.0)min, respectively ( P =0.010). The time of ileal conduit construction of the 3 groups were 136.5(131.3, 147.5)min, 92.0(79.0, 119.0)min, 79.0(72.0, 115.0)min, respectively ( P <0.001). In addition, the difference of the two variables above between A and B, A and C groups separately reached statistical significance ( P<0.05), while the difference between B and C groups did not ( P>0.05). Other variables, such as blood loss, complication rate, lymph node yield, surgical margin, between the 3 groups reached no statistical significance ( P>0.05). The operative time of group D was 420.0(350.0, 450.0)min, and it reached statistical significance ( P<0.05) when compared with group A. There were no significant differences in other variables, such as blood loss, complication rate, lymph node yield, surgical margin, among the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The learning effect of LRC+ MIC was obvious. When surgeon volume increased, the operative time decreased significantly. Variables like estimated blood loss and complication rate of the 2 surgeons did not reached significant difference, which indicated reproductivity and safety of this procedure.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR)-guided stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for non-small cell lung cancer, and analyze the dosimetric differences in the presence or absence of magnetic field.Methods:Three patients with non-small cell lung cancer were prospectively treated with MR-guided linac (MR linac) for SBRT, and the dose was calculated with or without magnetic field models. The differences of dose distribution with or without magnetic field models were compared. At the same time, the target coverage, plan pass rate and treatment time were described, and the complexity of the conventional accelerator backup plan and the magnetic field model were compared.Results:The treatment time of 3 patients was (36.67±6.11) min, and the average time of online adaptive planning was (14.4±1.7) min, which was basically tolerated by patients. The treatment plan pass rate (3%/3 mm) was 98.9%, the Gamma pass rate (3%/3 mm) of the online plan during treatment was 98.5% and the target coverage was 99.1%, which met the clinical needs. The dose in the low dose area of the lung was slightly lower than that in the case without magnetic field, whereas the dose in ribs and skin was slightly higher than that in the plan without magnetic field. The number of machine unit (MU) for online adaptive plan was slightly higher than that of the reference plan, and the number of MU for the conventional accelerator standby treatment plan was significantly lower than that of the MR linac plan under the same target coverage. The follow-up results showed that there was no adverse reaction, and the short-term efficacy was partially relieved.Conclusions:In the case of considering the influence of magnetic field, the treatment plan meeting the clinical needs can be obtained. It is proven that SBRT radiotherapy for lung cancer guided by magnetic resonance accelerator is feasible, whereas the treatment time and process are complex.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) therapy in the primary prevention of concurrent chemoradiotherapy-induced neutropenia.Methods:In this single-center, open-label, single-arm clinical observation, the efficacy of PEG-rhG-CSF in the primary prevention of neutropenia after concurrent chemoradiotherapy in 58 patients admitted to Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from June 2018 to June 2019 was evaluated.Results:During the whole concurrent chemoradiotherapy, chemotherapy delay occurred in 6 patients (10%). Three patients (5%) had delayed concurrent chemotherapy due to leukopenia or neutropenia. The completion rate of chemotherapy cycle was 94.6%(106/112). Radiotherapy delay occurred in 10 patients (17%) including 2 patients (3%) of delayed radiotherapy due to leukopenia or neutropenia. No patient developed febrile neutropenia (FN). Subgroup analysis found that after completing 1 cycle of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, the incidence rates of grade 4 leukopenia and neutropenia were both 0. After completing 2 cycles of concurrent chemoradiotherapy, the incidence rates of grade 4 leukopenia and neutropenia were 0 and 2%.Conclusion:During the chemoradiotherapy, application of PEG-rhG-CSF in the primary preventation can significantly reduce the incidence of FN, grade 4 leukopenia and neutropenia, which is beneficial to ensure the smooth progress of concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884487

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effectiveness of abdominal compression in tumor motion and the target volume, and analyze the suitable margins of planning target volume (PTV) for patients treated with lung-SBRT based on 4DCT.Methods:Patients diagnosed with peripheral pulmonary tumor were enrolled. The patients were divided into the whole group, upper-middle-lobe group (group A) and the lower-lobe group (group B). Each patient underwent 3DCT, 4DCT with abdominal compression (4DCT com) and 4DCT with free breath (4DCT free) scans. The GTVs were delineated and IGTVs on these images. PTV MIP 5 mm, PTV MIP 4 mm, PTV MIP 3 mm were constructed with a 5, 4, 3 mm margin in left-right (LR), anterior-posterior (AP) directions and cranial-caudal (CC) directions. Results:The median motion vector with compression reduced by 30.92% in whole group, increased by 3.42% in group A and reduced by 18.80% in group B, respectively. And there were no significant differences of TMA LR, TMA AP, TMA CC and motion vector by the Wilcoxon test ( P>0.05). The median sizes of IGTV MIP com , IGTV MIP free and IGTV10 com, IGTV10 free were 4.01, 5.36 cm 3and 6.59, 7.65 cm 3, with statistically significant difference ( Z=-3.45, -3.14, P<0.01). The median ratio of DI of IGTV CBCT com in PTV MIP 5 mm, PTV MIP 4 mm and PTV MIP 3 mm≥95% was 100%, 100% and 83.33%, respectively. Conclusions:The patients′ respiratory pattern changed with abdominal compression and abdominal compression is useful in reducing the size of IGTV MIP and IGTV10, which could reduce the target volume and protect the normal tissue. Adding a 4 mm margin to IGTV MIP com based on 4DCT account for respiration in SBRT is a tendency for precise radiotherapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of left ventricular energy loss(EL) and apical wall shear stress(WSS) in patients with ventricular aneurysm by using vector flow mapping (VFM).Methods:Twenty-seven patients with ventricular aneurysm were selected as the case group, and they were divided into the ventricular aneurysm group(16 cases) and ventricular aneurysm thrombus group(11 cases) according to whether the apex of the heart was accompanied by thrombosis. Twenty healthy people were collected as the control group. Ventricular structure and cardiac function parameters were measured and the VFM offline analysis was performed. Systolic and diastolic phases were determined based on time-flow curve(T-F curve) and the open-close of valves, the corresponding left ventricular energy loss and the parameters of the WSS of the apex segment of the heart were obtainedand then compared between groups.Results:①In diastolic and systolic phases, EL values of left ventricular apical segment in ventricular aneurysm group and ventricular aneurysm thrombus group were lower than that in control group (all P<0.05). ②In diastolic phase, the peak WSS values of septal apical, lateral apical and anterior apical segments in ventricular aneurysm group and ventricular aneurysm thrombus group were lower than those in control group (all P<0.05), and the mean WSS of anterior apical segment in aneurysm group was lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). ③In systolic phase, the peak WSS values of anterior wall in ventricular aneurysm group and ventricular aneurysm thrombus group were lower than those in control group, and the mean WSS of anterior wall in ventricular aneurysm group was lower than that in control group (all P<0.05). The mean WSS of anterior wall in ventricular aneurysm thrombus group was higher than that in ventricular aneurysm group( P<0.05). Conclusions:VFM technology can quantitatively evaluate the EL and WSS of patients with left ventricular aneurysm, and provide a new perspective for further understanding of intracardiac hemodynamics in patients with left ventricular aneurysm with or without thrombus.

19.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 109-113, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883674

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to investigate the carrier ratio and the genotype of thalassemia among Tujia and Miao people of reproductive age in Chongqing.Methods:According to forward-looking design and multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, fasting venous blood samples of Tujia and Miao people of reproductive age were collected from 11 survey sites in Chongqing from March to July 2019. Gap-PCR and high-throughput sequencing were used to screen thalassemia genes.Results:A total of 516 Tujia people (258 males, 258 females) and 270 Miao people (139 males, 131 females) were included in this study, and their age were (28.63 ± 5.26) and (28.62 ± 5.35) years, respectively. About 5.04% (26/516) Tujia people carried thalassemia gene, with 1.94% (10/516) and 2.52% (13/516) for α and β thalassemia, respectively. Three kinds of new variants (1 case of each variant), HBA 2: c.46G>A (Gly>Ser), HBB: c.*+129T>A and HBB: c.-39T>G with unclear pathogenicity, were identified in Tujia people. About 7.78% (21/270) Miao people carried thalassemia gene, among these, α and β thalassemia were 3.33% (9/270) and 4.44%(12/270), respectively. The most common mutation type of α-globin gene was -α 3.7/in the two ethnic groups. Three kinds of β-globin gene mutation types, Codons 41/42 (-TTCT) beta 0, Codon 17 (A>T) beta 0 and IVS-Ⅱ-654 (C>T) beta +, were the most common in Tujia people. Meanwhile, the chief β-globin gene mutation type was Codons 41/42 (-TTCT) beta 0 in Miao people. Conclusions:The carrying rate of thalassemia gene is higher in Tujia and Miao people in Chongqing, and the genotypes of thalassemia gene are different between Tujia and Miao people. The clinical significance of three kinds of new variants with unclear pathogenicity should be focused on.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883657

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the quality control assessment results of arsenic testing laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions from 2006 to 2020, so as to further strengthen the quality control of arsenic determination in laboratories of national endemic disease prevention and control institutions, and to ensure the accuracy and reliability of national endemic arsenic poisoning monitoring data.Methods:The water arsenic and urinary arsenic test results of arsenic quality control laboratories from 2006 to 2020 were collected and evaluated by Z-ratio scoring method(│Z│≤2 was qualified, 2 < │Z│ < 3 was basically qualified, │Z│≥3 was unqualified), and the qualification rates of water arsenic and urinary arsenic in different years and different provinces were calculated.Results:From 2006 to 2020, the number of laboratories participating in water arsenic quality control in 14 provinces has increased from 25 to 167, and the number of laboratories participating in urinary arsenic quality control increased from 22 to 90. The standard deviation of laboratory assessment samples was relatively stable, all < 0.05 mg/L. The quality control assessment results from 2006 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│ < 3, the qualified rate of water arsenic ranged from 64.0% to 100.0%, and that in urine was 54.5% to 100.0%. The quality control assessment results from 2009 to 2020 were calculated according to │Z│≤2, the qualified rate of water arsenic was 84.6% - 100.0%, and that in urine was 83.6% - 100.0%. Among the 13 water arsenic assessment results from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 8 times, prefecture, city and county-level laboratories reported all qualified years for 2 times; there were 8 provinces with all qualified laboratories at province level and 3 provinces with all qualified laboratories at prefecture, city and county-level. Among the 13 assessment results of urinary arsenic from 2009 to 2020, according to │Z│≤2, the provincial laboratories reported all qualified years for 6 times, and the prefecture, city and county-level laboratories all qualified for 1 times; there were 6 provinces in which all provincial laboratories were qualified, and there were 6 provinces in which all prefecture, city and county-level laboratories were qualified.Conclusions:The quality control work of laboratories is improving day by day, but there are still some problems in individual links. Laboratories at all levels should continue to strengthen the construction of laboratories and the training of relevant personnel, further improve the theoretical and technical level of inspectors, and continuously improve the detection quality, to make the analysis data more reliable and comparable, so as to ensure the quality of arsenic poisoning prevention and monitoring work.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL