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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923026

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanism of epigallocatechol gallate (EGCG) combined with trastuzu-mab on the proliferation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressing breast cancer cells. Methods Trastuzumab was expressed and purified. The cell proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells BT474 and SK-BR-3 treated with trastuzumab, EGCG, or trastuzumab plus EGCG was evaluated by CCK8 assay. The effects of EGCG and trastuzumab on the expression of HER2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase B (Akt), and their phosphorylated proteins in BT474 breast cancer cells were detected by Western blot. Results The results of cell proliferation assay indicated that EGCG and trastuzumab, alone or in combination, effectively inhibited the proliferation of BT-474 and SK-BR-3 cells. And within a certain concentration range, EGCG and trastuzumab showed a synergistic proliferation inhibitory effect on HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells. Consistent with these results, Western blot results showed that trastuzumab and EGCG, alone or in combination significantly reduced the phosphorylation levels of Akt, MAPK, EGFR, and HER2 in BT474 cells. Moreover, the inhibition effect of EGCG plus trastuzumab was significantly more potent than either EGCG or trastuzumab. Conclusion EGCG and trastuzumab could synergistically inhibit the proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells, which may be related to the regulation of Akt and MAPK signaling pathways.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1123-1133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913798

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative tumor staging deviation (PTSD) on the long-term survival of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (RGGC). @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 2,346 patients who underwent RGGC were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) under-staging group (uTNM) comprised patients who had earlier preoperative TNM than postoperative TNM, and the no preoperative under-staging group (nTNM) comprised the remaining patients. @*Results@#There were 1,031 uTNM (44.0%) and 1,315 nTNM cases (56.0%). Cox prognostic analysis revealed that PTSD independently affected the overall survival (OS) after surgery. The 5-year OS was lower in the uTNM group (41.8%) than in the nTNM group (71.6%). The patients less than 65 years old, with lower American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, 2-5 cm tumor located at the lower stomach, and cT1 or cN0 preoperative staging would more likely undergo D1+ lymph node dissection (LND) in uTNM (p 2 cm and body mass index ≤ 22.72 kg/m2 were independent risk factors of preoperative TNM tumor under-staging in patients with cT1N0M0 staging (p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Underestimated tumor staging is not rare, which possibly results in inadequate LND and affects the long-term survival for patients undergoing RGGC. D2 LND should be carefully performed in patients who are predisposed to this underestimation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term effects of staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching technique in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aorta.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2018, 22 patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms underwent surgical treatment in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Among them, 12 underwent staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching (AAD), and 10 underwent traditional thoracoabdominal aortic replacement (TAR). AAD consisted of two phases: the first phase of surgery was mid-opening, Y-type artificial blood vessels replaced the lower abdominal aorta and bilateral common iliac arteries, and the abdominal aortic branches were reconstructed at the same time: right branch artificial blood vessels-right renal artery-left renal artery, the left branch artificial blood vessel-superior mesenteric artery-common hepatic artery; the second phase was endovascular repair anchoring normal and long-term normal aorta or artificial blood vessel. The clinical effected of two methods for the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms were compared and analyzed.Results:The overall mortality rate was 13.6%, and the mortality rate in the TAR group increased significantly (0 vs. 30%). The main cause was dissection (91.7% vs. 90.0%, P=0.895). Crawford classification was predominantly type Ⅱ in both groups(58.3% vs. 50.0%, P=0.082). The proportion of patients with Marfan syndrome in the TAR group was higher (30% vs. 0, P=0.046). The TAR group was significantly more drained 24 h after surgery [(355.0±199.2)ml vs. (1244.0±716.1)ml, P= 0.003]. The TAR group had a higher proportion of lung infections (40% vs. 0, P= 0.018). The average cost was higher in the AAD group [(28.4±8.3) ten thousands yuan vs. (19.3±10.4) ten thousands yuan, P= 0.033]. Conclusion:The staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching technique can effectively treat thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Compared with traditional thoracoabdominal aortic replacement, the surgical trauma is smaller but more expensive.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the function of Schlemm canal and the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG).Methods:An observational case series study was conducted.Seventeen POAG patients (25 eyes), including 12 males (18 eyes) and 5 females (7 eyes), were enrolled in Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from March to December, 2017.The three-mirror contact lens was adopted to observe the presence of blood reflux in Schlemm canal before aerobic exercise, and positive referred to that blood reflux was observed in any region of Schlemm canal, and negative was defined as that no blood reflux was observed in Schlemm canal.The intraocular pressure (IOP) and blood pressure of subjects were measured before and after exercise test by the non-contact tonometer and automatic blood pressure monitor respectively.Positive referred to the IOP reduction ≥4.6 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and negative was defined as the IOP reduction <4.6 mmHg.Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to observe whether Schlemm canal was dilated or not and the dilated area before and after exercise test.Positive referred to the opening clock position of Schlemm canal was larger and/or the Schlemm canal was dilated at one or more clock position.The subjects presenting positive in above three indicators were classified as the positive Schlemm canal function group (8 eyes). The subjects presenting positive in above one or two indicators were classified as the mixed Schlemm canal function group (11 eyes). The subjects presenting negative in above three indicators were classified as the negative Schlemm canal function group (6 eyes). All subjects received SLT treatment.The IOP was examined at postoperative 1 week, 2 weeks and 1 month.The IOP, IOP reduction and rate of IOP reduction were compared among the three groups at various time points.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (No.TJ-IRB20160306). Written informed consent was obtained from each subject.Results:The preoperative IOP and postoperative 1-week, 2-week and 1-month IOP were (20.33±9.22), (17.10±2.98), (19.00±3.94) and (19.33±4.32) mmHg of negative Schlemm canal function group, (25.75±9.03), (20.00±7.60), (19.18±4.46) and (18.00±3.63) mmHg of mixed Schlemm canal function group and (22.28±4.78), (18.75±8.53), (15.50±4.98) and (14.38±3.24) mmHg of positive Schlemm canal function group, respectively.There was no statistical significance in the IOP value among the three groups ( Fgroup=1.028, P=0.374). The difference in IOP before and after surgery was statistically significant ( Ftime=6.751, P=0.002). Compared with preoperative IOP, the postoperative 1-week IOP of the negative Schlemm canal function group, the postoperative 1-week, 2-week and 1-month IOP of the mixed Schlemm canal function group, and the postoperative 2-week and 1-month IOP of positive Schlemm canal function group were significantly decreased (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in IOP reduction or the rate of IOP reduction among the three groups after operation ( Fgroup=0.952, P=0.401; Ftime=0.828, P=0.402; Fgroup=1.840, P=0.182; Ftime=0.419, P=0.660). Conclusions:POAG patients with better function of Schlemm canal have a better IOP-lowering efficacy after SLT treatment.Blood reflux in Schlemm canal before exercise, reduced IOP and dilated Schlemm canal after exercise can be considered as indicators to evaluate Schlemm canal function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906298

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of oxymatrine(OM) on proliferation,migration, and invasion of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) A549 and H1299 cells and to explore the possible mechanism. Method:A549 and H1299 cells were treated by OM of different concentrations(0, 1.0,2.0,4.0,8.0,16.0, 32.0, and 64.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) and the cell viability was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Transwell invasion and wound healing assays were applied to determine the effect of OM of different concentrations (8.0,16.0, and 32.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on the invasion and migration of A549 and H1299 cells. Western blot was adopted to detect the changes in the expression of proteins related to the Notch signaling pathway after the treatment by OM of different concentrations (8.0,16.0, and 32.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>). Result:Compared with the control,OM could inhibit the proliferation (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01) and hinder the cell invasion and migration of A549 and H1299 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. The results of Western blot showed that OM(32.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) could effectively counteract the expression levels of Notch1 intracellular domain(NICD),transcriptional complex proteins [TNF-alpha converting enzyme(TACE) and recombining binding protein suppressor of hairless(RBPSUH)], and Hes family hairy and enhancer of split 1(Hes1) in A549 and H1299 cells. Conclusion:OM was capable of inhibiting the proliferation,migration, and invasion of A549 and H1299 cells and also hindering the expression of proteins related to Notch signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906110

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of piceatannol (PIC) on the proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle of MDA-MB-468 triple negative breast cancer cells and its mechanism. Method:The methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazoliu bromide (MTT) colcorimetry method was used to investigate the effect of different concentrations of PIC (0, 2.5, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0, 40.0, 80.0, 160.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on the cell viabilities of triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells and calculate the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC<sub>50</sub>) value, the effect of different concentrations of PIC (5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on the cell cycle of MDA-MB-468 were investigated by flow cytometry with propidium iodide (PI) staining. The apoptotic effect of PIC (5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on MDA-MB-468 cells in triple negative breast cancer was investigated by flow cytometry with cell apoptosis detection Annexin V-FITC and PI double staining. Western blot was used to investigate the effect of different concentrations of PIC (5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on the proliferation and apoptosis of MDA-MB-468 cells and detect the expressions ofsecreted glycoprotein Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway related proteins. Result:MTT results showed that compared with the blank group, PIC could inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-468 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with IC<sub>50</sub> at(39.4±4.6)μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>. Compared with the blank group, PIC could increase the percentage of MDA-MB-468 cells in G<sub>0</sub>/G<sub>1</sub> phase about cell cycle in a concentration-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> PIC could induce apoptosis of MDA-MB-468 cells for 48 h(<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the apoptosis rate of MDA-MB-468 cells reached 49.87% when treated with 20.0 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> for 48 h. Compared with the blank group, PIC could significantly reduce the expressions of <italic>β</italic>-catenin, proto-oncogene (C-myc) and adhesion factor (CD44) proteins in MDA-MB-468 cells, significantly inhibit the phosphorylation of<italic> </italic>protein kinase B (Akt) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) proteins and the protein expression of B lymphocyte tumor-2 (Bcl-2), and enhance cysteine aspartic acid protease-3 (Caspase-3), Bcl-2 related X protein (Bax) and phosphorylated <italic>β</italic>-catenin protein expression(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:PIC may inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-468 cells by inhibiting the Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway, block the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase, and induce its apoptosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oxymatrine (OM) combined with bevacizumab ( BV ) on the proliferation, invasion, and migration of breast cancer MCF-7 cells and explore the mechanism of OM in regulating BV-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) based on the Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway. Method:The effect of different concentrations of OM(0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, 8.0, 16.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)and BV(0, 0.25×10<sup>-4</sup>, 0.50×10<sup>-4</sup>, 1.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, 2.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, 4.00×10<sup>-4</sup>, and 8.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells were detected by cell counting kit-8(CCK-8)assay. The effect of OM(4.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) combined with BV(2.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)on the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells were observed in transwell and scratch repair tests. Western blot was conducted to investigate the effect of OM(4.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>)combined with BV (2.00×10<sup>-4</sup> mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) on proliferation-related proteins in MCF-7 cells, followed by the detection of the expression levels of Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway- and EMT-related proteins. Result:Compared with the blank group, OM (2.0,4.0,8.0,16.0 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup>) inhibited the proliferation of MCF-7 cells in a concentration-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while BV did not show the inhibitory effect against the proliferation of MCF-7 cells. The inhibitory effect of the combination of the two drugs on the proliferation of MCF-7 cells was not significantly different from that of OM. Compared with the blank group, OM significantly reduced the migration distance of MCF-7 cells and the number of invaded cells(<italic>P</italic><0.01), while BV increased the migration distance of MCF-7 cells and the number of invaded cells (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with BV, its combination with OM significantly inhibited the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells induced by BV (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank group, both OM and the combined medication obviously inhibited the phosphorylation of proliferation-related protein kinase B(Akt) and extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2)in MCF-7 cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and down-regulated the protein expression levels of <italic>β</italic>-catenin, proto-oncogene (c-Myc), CD44, and G<sub>1</sub>/S-specific cyclin D<sub>1</sub> in Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin signaling pathway (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Besides, OM and the combination of two drugs both significantly reduced the protein expression levels of calcium-dependent cell adhesion protein <italic>N</italic>-cadherin and Vimentin in EMT, whereas increased the expression of calcium-dependent cell adhesion protein E-cadherin(<italic>P</italic><0.01). However, the expression of the above-mentioned proteins in the BV group was reversed (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:After the combination with BV, OM plays an anti-breast cancer role by effectively inhibiting the activation of Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway induced by BV and reversing EMT.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886869

ABSTRACT

Herba Monochasmae savatii, whole plant of the Monochasma savatier Franch. or Monochasma sheareri Franch. ex Maxim., scrophulariaceae, was first found in "Zhiwu Mingshi Tukao". It has the effects of clearing heat and detoxicating, dispelling wind and relieving pain, cooling the blood and stopping bleeding, etc. This review used Monochasma savatier Franch. or Monochasma sheareri Franch. ex Maxim. as the subject term to search CNKI, PubMed and SciFinder, and reviewed the classification of medicinal material, medicinal standards, chemical components, biological activities and pharmacological effects of Herba Monochasmae savatii in recent years to provide a basis for the research, development and clinical rational application.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886772

ABSTRACT

Imaging and serological approaches play an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of alveolar echinococcosis; however, they also suffer from some problems during their applications in clinical practices, which urges the identification of potential diagnostic markers. Novel serological, genomics and proteomics diagnostic markers alone or in combination may increase the sensitivity and specificity in early diagnosis of alveolar echinococcosis, which play vital roles in monitoring of disease courses and prognostic evaluation. This review mainly presents the advances in the studies on novel diagnostic markers for alveolar echinococcosis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883813

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of acupuncture combined with cognitive behavior therapy on insomnia.Methods:A total of 90 patients with insomnia who received treatment in Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Quzhou Municipal Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China from June 2018 to June 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive acupuncture combined with cognitive behavior therapy (combined treatment group, n = 46) or cognitive behavior therapy (control group, n = 44). The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD) score, the Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) score, the insomnia severity index (ISI), sleep onset latency, total sleep time, wake-up times after sleep onset, bedtime, sleep quality were compared between the two groups. Results:At the end of treatment, the cure rate, effective rate and total effective rate in the combined treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group (cure rate: 28.26% vs. 11.36%, χ2 = 4.013, P = 0.045; effective rate: 54.35% vs. 31.82%, χ2 = 4.649, P = 0.031; total effective rate: 95.65% vs. 79.55%, χ2 = 5.438, P = 0.020). The HAMA score [(13.05 ± 2.19) points], ISI score [(13.01 ± 3.03) points], sleep onset latency [(28.03 ± 7.50) min] and wake-up times after sleep onset [(1.36±0.91) times] in the combined treatment group were significantly lower or shorter than those in the control group [(14.92 ±3.04) points, t = 1.803, P = 0.040; (15.02 ± 3.22) points, t = 3.201, P = 0.031; (36.15 ± 7.87) min, t = 3.186, P = 0.033; (1.94 ± 1.05) times, t = 3.254, P = 0.027]. Sleep quality in the combined treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(83.28 ± 5.41) % vs. (79.56 ± 5.20) %, t = 2.278, P = 0.043]. Conclusion:Acupuncture combined with cognitive behavior therapy exhibits better efficacy in the treatment of insomnia than cognitive behavior therapy alone and therefore the combined treatment is worthy of clinical application.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the acute kidney injury(AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for cyanotic congenital heart diseases(C-CHD) as well as and acyanotic congenital heart diseases(A-CHD)and its possible influencing factors.Methods:One hundred and three patients with CHD admitted to PICU of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University were enrolled from July 1, 2017 to September 30, 2019.The patients were divided into C-CHD group( n=36)and A-CHD group( n=67). The preoperative general data and information related to the operation of two groups were recorded.Hemodynamic data, oxygen metabolism index, dose of vasoactive drugs during or after operation and liquid equilibrium were assessed after surgery.The incidence and stage of AKI were calculated.Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between hemodynamic index and oxygen metabolism index and AKI.The predictive value of hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism for AKI after cardiac surgery was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Results:A total of one hundred and three patients were enrolled including sixty-two males and forty-one females, the median age was 7(4, 24) months old.The preoperative hemoglobin and hematocrit in the C-CHD group were higher than those in the A-CHD group( P<0.05). Compared with the A-CHD group, the C-CHD group had higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Grades and Risk Adjustment for Congenital Heart Surgery Grades, longer operation time and cardiopulmonary bypass time( P<0.05). Central venous pressure in C-CHD group was higher than that in A-CHD group, and C-CHD group had higher dose of vasoactive drugs after surgery( P<0.05). Compared with the C-CHD group, blood lactic acid was lower and arterial oxygen partial pressure was higher in the A-CHD group( P<0.05). Fifty patients developed AKI in the PICU, and the incidence of AKI in the A-CHD group was higher than that in the C-CHD, but there was no statistical significance(53.7% vs.38.9%, P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that partial arterial oxygen pressure and arterial oxygen satiety were independent risk factors for AKI( P<0.05). The large circulation index could not directly reflect the renal perfusion.Compared with using hemodynamic index or oxygen metabolism index alone to predict the occurrence of AKI 48 h after the operation, the combined application of the two methods had higher predictive value for AKI. Conclusion:Compared with patient with A-CHD, patients with C-CHD have higher tolerance to renal damage caused by surgery, and the kidney of patient with C-CHD have higher tolerance to postoperative fluid load and demand lower oxygen consumption.It is of great clinical significance to evaluate the changes of hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism after cardiac surgery for the prevention and treatment of renal injury.

12.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 253-259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity of maternal exposure to 1-bromopropane(1-BP) on the offspring rats by the breast-feeding route. Method A total of eight specific pathogen free female rats and their 64 male newborn rats were divided into the control group and the exposure group, with four lactation female rats and their 32 male newborn rats in each group. The female rats in exposure group were intragastrically administered with 700.00 mg/kg body mass of 1-BP during lactation, and the control group was given equal volume of corn oil for 21 days, once a day. The body mass of female rats and their offspring rats were measured during the exposure period. After exposure, the Morris water maze and the open field tests were performed in male offspring. The blood samples of offspring were collected for blood routine and blood biochemical indexes detection. The histopathological examination was performed in the hippocampus in the male offspring. RESULTS: A litter of eight pups in the exposure group began to die one day after the mother rat was exposed to 1-BP, and all rats died on the ninth day after exposure. There was no significant difference in the body mass of female rats between the exposure group and the control group(P>0.05). The body mass of offspring rats in the exposure group was lower than that in the control group at the same time point from the first day to the 21 st day of the female rats exposed to 1-BP(all P<0.05). In the orientation navigation experiment, the escape latency time on the first, the second day and the total distance on the first day in the offspring of the exposure group were significantly prolonged than those in the control group at the same time points(all P<0.05). The number of times of crossing the platform of offspring rats in the exposure group was less than that in the control group in the spatial exploration test(P<0.01). In the open field test, there was not statistical significance of the activity, rest time ratio, total distance, the distance ratio and time ratio in the central region in the offspring between the two groups(all P>0.05). The counts of white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and average red blood cell width, platelet ratio and average platelet volume of the offspring of the exposure group decreased(all P<0.05), the serum levels of globulin, total protein, triacylglycerol and total bilirubin decreased(all P<0.05), and the albumin/globulin ratio and serum glucose level increased(all P<0.05), when compared with that of the control group. Histopathological examination results showed that the nerve fibers were loose in the hippocampal dentate gyrus area, and there were necrotic neurons and loss of nerve fibers in the CA1 area of the offspring rats. CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to 1-BP during lactation can induce neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity to offspring rats. The neurotoxicity mainly caused damage to the central nerve system, which affected the learning and memory function of the offspring rats. The reason may be related to the damage caused by 1-BP on the hippocampal function.

13.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 247-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the laboratory historical control values for biological indicators in SD rats with 28-day repeated dose oral toxicity tests. METHODS: The body mass, blood routine indexes, serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of 10 batches of specific pathogen free SD rats in the control group and the control additional group were collected for 28-day repeated dose oral toxicity tests, and the historical control values was established. RESULTS: The body mass of both male and female SD rats increased with the increasing age(all P<0.01). The body mass of male rats was higher than that of female rats each week(all P<0.01). The body mass, blood routine and serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of SD rats were affected by the age and gender of rats to varying degrees. The effects of age and gender on organ mass and organ coefficient were not consistent. The laboratory historical control values of body mass, blood routine indexes, serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of SD rats were established according to the age measured in weeks and the gender of rats. CONCLUSION: The laboratory control values of biological indicators of SD rats should be established according to different weekly age and the gender of rats. Organ coefficient is more suitable as an observation index for toxicological safety evaluation compared with organ mass.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922542

ABSTRACT

Temperature is one of the major environmental signals controlling plant development, geographical distribution, and seasonal behavior. Plants perceive adverse temperatures, such as high, low, and freezing temperatures, as stressful signals that can cause physiological defects and even death. As sessile organisms, plants have evolved sophisticated mechanisms to adapt to recurring stressful environments through changing gene expression or transcriptional reprogramming. Transcriptional memory refers to the ability of primed plants to remember previously experienced stress and acquire enhanced tolerance to similar or different stresses. Epigenetic modifications mediate transcriptional memory and play a key role in adapting to adverse temperatures. Understanding the mechanisms of the formation, maintenance, and resetting of stress-induced transcriptional memory will not only enable us to understand why there is a trade-off between plant defense and growth, but also provide a theoretical basis for generating stress-tolerant crops optimized for future climate change. In this review, we summarize recent advances in dissecting the mechanisms of plant transcriptional memory in response to adverse temperatures, based mainly on studies of the model plant

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880163

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influencing factors in children with chronicity immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and to provide basis for judging the prognosis and treatment in children with ITP.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children with ITP admitted to The Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University in the past 5 years were retrospectively analyzed and followed up for more than 1 year. According to the inclusion criteria, the eligible cases (328 cases in total) were selected and collected through medical record system retrieval, outpatient clinic and telephone follow-up. Independent influencing factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP were obtained through single-factor and multi-factor logistic analysis, and their predictive value for the prognosis of ITP in children were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Of 328 children with ITP, 208 were newly diagnosed with ITP (64%), 54 were persistent ITP (16%), 66 were chronic ITP (20%), and the remission rate within 1 year was 79.9%. The results of univariate analysis showed that, age, pre-morbidity history of infection and vaccination, antinuclear antibodies, initial absolute lymphocyte count(ALC) and treatment options were related to the prognosis of the children (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of infection and vaccination before onset, initial treatment options, and ALC at the time of initial diagnosis were independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP (P<0.05). The time for platelet recovery to 100×10@*CONCLUSION@#The initial treatment plan combined with IVIG can reduce the occurrence of chronicity in children with ITP, and its efficacy is better than that of the single corticosteroids group (the platelet recovery time is shorter); history of preceding infection or vaccination, ALC at the time of initial diagnosis are independent factors affecting the prognosis of children with ITP, and the combination of the two shows a better predictive value for the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Prognosis , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the advantages of self made minimally invasive hook assisted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) via modified bilateral Wiltse approach in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 140 patients underwent lumbar spine fusion surgery from October 2016 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 72 cases were treated by self-made minimally invasive hook-assisted TLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach (group A), there were 37 males and 35 females, aged (48±16) years old;68 cases were treated by TLIF via traditional posterior median approach (group B ), there were 38 males and 30 females, aged (45±15) years old. The surgical incision size, operation time, intraoperative blood loss volume, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative wound healing, and intervertebral fusion rate at the final follow-up were recorded between two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were used to assess the clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up for 3 to 13 (8±5) months. The wound in group A healed well after operation, and 1 case in group B occurred wound necrosis after operation, and healed after debridement and suture. There were no significant differences in operation time and postoperative fusion rate between two surgical methods (@*CONCLUSION@#The self made minimally invasive hook assistedTLIF via modified bilateral Wiltse approach has the characteristics of minimally invasive, less intraoperative blood loss, less postoperative drainage, fewer complications, and more stable fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative desease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report our experience in the emergent foot and ankle surgery in the epidemic of COVID-19.Methods:The data of 18 patients with acute foot and ankle injury were reviewed who had been admitted to the Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Wuhan Fourth Hospital from 20th January, 2020 to 26th February, 2020. They were 11 men and 7 women, aged from 18 to 70 years (average, 42.5 years). There were 5 cases of acute open injury and 13 ones of acute closed injury. COVID-19 infection was diagnosed or suspected in 5 cases but not in the other 13 cases. Emergency operation was carried out for 2 patients with open injury plus COVID-19 infection and one with complicated pilon fracture plus COVID-19 infection, one of whom received secondary operation. One patient with closed fracture of the left calcaneus plus COVID-19 infection was hospitalized from emergency department for secondary surgery, and another with closed fracture of the right lateral malleolus was referred to the isolation ward after emergency plaster fixation. Of the 10 patients with closed injury but without COVID-19 infection, 3 received conventional secondary surgery after admission and the others conservative treatment at the outpatient department. Recorded were COVID-19 infections in the patients after admission and in the medical staff. The measures taken and experience in control and prevention of COVID-19 infection after outbreak of the epidemic were reviewed.Results:Of the 11 patients who had been hospitalized for foot and ankle injury in emergency, 5 were definitely diagnosed of or suspected of COVID-19 infection and 6 free of COVID-19 infection. During hospitalization, COVID-19 infection was confirmed in the 5 cases and no COVID-19 infection occurred in the other 6 patients. No COVID-19 infection occurred in the medical staff; no cross infection was observed between the patients and the medical staff.Conclusions:Reasonable strategies are advised to balance the foot and ankle surgery and epidemic prevention. A simplified management is not advised for all the cases. The operative procedures in emergent foot and ankle surgery should be optimized in line with the epidemic control and prevention principles to facilitate functional rehabilitation for the patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of microRNA-124 (miR-124) expression on pathological changes of Tau in elderly patients with Alzheimer disease to provide a new target for early detection and early treatment of Alzheimer disease in the elderly.Methods:The serum of 50 patients with Alzheimer disease from June 2017 to June 2018 in the Third People′s Hospital of Qinghai Province Hospital was taken as the sample of the research group and the serum of 50 healthy people was taken as the control sample. The mRNA expression of miR-124 in serum was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used. The expression levels of Tau protein and phosphorylated Tau (PTau) protein (S396, T181 and T231) were examined; pathological changes of Tau protein were detected by positron emission tomography.Results:The mRNA expression of serum miR-124 in Alzheimer disease patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (6.91 ± 0.41 vs. 5.11 ± 0.37, P < 0.01). The expression levels of total Tau protein, PTau (S396) protein and PTau (T181) protein in Alzheimer disease patients was significantly up-regulated, compared with those of the control group: (195.16 ± 20.48) ng/L vs. (123.25 ± 20.26) ng/L, (69.35 ± 8.92) ng/L vs. (40.53 ± 4.36) ng/L, (66.83 ± 8.45) ng/L vs. (35.87 ± 2.18) ng/L, P < 0.05. The pathological changes of Tau protein were clinically manifested as brain deposition, and the main parts were frontal lobe, occipital lobe, parietal lobe and temporal lobe. The overexpression of miR-124 was positively correlated with high expression of PTau (S396), high expression of PTau (T181) and high expression of total Tau, and it was an independent influencing factor. Conclusions:Overexpression of miR-124 can promote the expression of total Tau protein and phosphorylation of Tau protein, which is clinically indicative of Tau protein deposition in the brain of Alzheimer disease patients. It is expected to be a prognostic biomarker for Alzheimer disease.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863735

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Objective:To establish the extraction and separation method of flavone from the Folium malloti apeltae and TLC identification method. Methods:The Folium malloti apeltae was extracted by 95% ethyl alcohol, and the ethanol recovery by rotary distillation. The extracted Folium malloti apeltae was mixed well with silicone. It was eluted with petroleum ether and extracted with ethyl acetate. Then, the concentrated ethyl acetate fraction was recovered. The ethyl acetate fraction was separated and purified on a polyamide column with gradient elution of water and methanol. The TLC identification was carried out with daposthride as the reference substance, the leaves as the reference material, the silica gel G plate as the adsorbent, and chloroform methanol formic acid (10:3:0.3) as the developing agent. Results:Apigenin-7-O-glucoside obtained from Folium malloti apeltae. TLC identification method of Folium malloti apeltae was established with detectable spots and satisfactory separating result. Conclusions:This method to identify Folium malloti apeltae is accurate and rapid, which can be used for the quality control of Folium malloti apeltae.

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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 48-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of nano-cerium oxide on the early development of zebrafish embryos. METHODS: The well-developed zebrafish embryos were randomly divided into the control group and the 50, 100, 200, 400 and 800 mg/L dose groups, with 40 embryos in each group. The dose groups were treated with nano-cerium oxide at the corresponding mass concentration for 5 days. The control group received no treatment. The death and malformation of embryos were observed. The heart rate of zebrafish embryos was recorded using confocol microscope. The protein expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3) and cleaved Caspase-3 and were observed by Western blot technology. RESULTS: The death and embryonic malformation rate of zebrafish embryos increased with the increase of doses, showing statistical significance(P<0.01). The heart rate of the 800 mg/L dose group was decreased compared with the control group [(77±8) vs(93±4) beats/min, P<0.01]. There was no statistical significant difference in LC3-Ⅱ protein expression in each groups(P>0.05). The cleaved Caspase-3 protein expression increased in all dose groups compared with the control group(P<0.05). The cleaved Caspase-3 protein expression in the 200 mg/L dose group was higher than that in the 50 mg/L dose group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The nano-cerium oxide may induce cell apoptosis, causing toxic effect in early development of zebrafish embryos.

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