Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 214
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927326

ABSTRACT

Under the situation of the rapid expansion of hospital, the dilemma of acupuncture-moxibustion department, as well as the relevant solutions are explored. The main reasons for the shrinking situation of the service in acupuncture-moxibustion department include: the disease-based department division trends to divert many diseases suitably treated in acupuncture-moxibustion department; the environment pursuing economic benefits restricts the development of acupuncture-moxibustion therapy characterized by "simple and low-cost operation". There are three important approaches for breaking through the dilemma of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. First, modifying the traditional service mode as waiting for patients in acupuncture-moxibustion department and promoting acupuncture and moxibustion technology to be adopted in other departments rather than limited only in acupuncture-moxibustion department. Second, increasing the charges of acupuncture and moxibustion technology rationally. Third, positioning accurately the role of acupuncture and moxibustion technology in health services based on its own characteristics and advantages and promoting it in community medical institutions. All of these solutions require the guidance of supporting policies.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Hospitals , Humans , Moxibustion
2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 666-672, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909918

ABSTRACT

Bone infection is an osteal disorder with bone damage resulting from infection of bone marrow,cortex,periosteum and surrounding tissues,characterized by a high incidence and severe symptoms. The treatment is often complicated and prolonged. Regardless of the method used,the goal is to reduce bone defect caused by infection,control infection,rebuild impaired tissues,and promote bone healing,so as to restore bone homeostasis. Starting from bone homeostasis,the authors review the research progress in the commonly used drugs and molecular mechanisms that affect bone formation-related pathways caused by bone infection,activate bone resorption-related mechanisms,and regulate bone homeostasis,in order to provide a theoretical basis for reducing bone defect caused by bone infection and promoting bone healing.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1301-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in evaluating renal injury in patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN).Methods:From October 2019 to December 2020, 32 patients with early DN were prospectively enrolled in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. According to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), they were divided into three groups: DN1 (eGFR≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 11 cases), DN2 (60-<90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 11 cases) and DN3 (30-<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 10 cases). At the same time, 32 normal volunteers were recruited as the control group. Both kidneys were scanned by QSM to measure the susceptibility of renal cortex and medulla. Paired samples t-test was used to compare the differences of the susceptibility between left and right kidneys and between cortex and medulla. One-way analysis of variance was performed to compare the differences of corresponding susceptibility values among different groups, and LSD- t was used for the pairwise comparison. Pearson correlation test was performed between the susceptibility value of the medulla and eGFR. The ROC curve was used to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of QSM parameters in the diagnosis of DN and different degrees of severity of DN. Results:The susceptibility values of bilateral renal medulla in normal volunteers and patients with DN were lower than those of renal cortex (all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the susceptibility value between left and right renal cortex (all P>0.05). There was significant difference in the susceptibility value between left and right medulla (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the susceptibility value of bilateral renal cortex among the control group and the DN1-DN3 groups (both P>0.05). The susceptibility values of left renal medulla in control group, DN1, DN2 and DN3 groups were (-4.46±1.16)×10 -2, (-5.96±0.97)×10 -2, (-7.97±1.25)×10 -2, (-9.58±1.45)×10 -2 ppm, of right renal medulla were (-3.70±0.65)×10 -2, (-5.06±1.28)×10 -2, (-7.33±1.46)×10 -2, (-9.09±2.22)×10 -2 ppm, respectively. The overall difference of the susceptibility value of bilateral renal medulla was statistically significant (both P<0.05), and there were significant differences between each two groups (all P<0.05). The linear positive correlation were found between the susceptibility values of renal medulla and the corresponding eGFR (left kidney r=0.732, P<0.001; right kidney r=0.684, P<0.001). The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of left and right renal medulla susceptibility value in diagnosis of normal and DN were 0.931 and 0.943, of DN1 and DN (2 and 3) were 0.952 and 0.883, of DN (1 and 2) and DN3 were 0.888 and 0.831, respectively. Conclusion:The susceptibility value of QSM quantitative parameter has a certain value in the staging and differential diagnosis of early DN, among which the susceptibility value of renal medulla has higher diagnostic efficiency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1202-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the diagnostic efficacy of MR elastography (MRE), Gd-EOB-DTPA dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) in early quantitative evaluation of liver fibrosis (LF) staging of experimental rabbits.Methods:From April to December 2019, 200 healthy rabbits were randomly divided into LF group ( n=160) and control group ( n=40). LF group were injected subcutaneously with 50% CCl 4 oil solution, while control group were injected with normal saline solution. The LF group ( n=40) and control group ( n=10) were randomly selected at the end of the 4th, 8th, 12th and 16th weeks respectively to undergo axial MRI scan including MRE and Gd-EOB-DTPA DCE-MRI. The quantitative parameter values were obtained, including liver stiffness (LS), volume transfer constant (K trans), reflux rate constant (K ep), volume fraction of extravascular extracellular space (V e) and volume fraction of plasma (V p). Histopathological LF staging was based on Scheuer staging. One-way ANOVA analysis was used to evaluate the differences of LS, K trans, K ep, V e and V p among different LF stages. The Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlations between pathological LF staging and quantitative parameter values. The ROC curve was used to compare the diagnositic performance of all quantitative parameter values. Results:Among the final qualified 150 rabbits, there were 32 in F0, 32 in F1, 35 in F2, 30 in F3, 21 in F4. Significant differences of LS, K trans, K ep, V e and V p were found among different LF stages. There was correlation between LS, K trans, K ep and LF stages ( r=0.832, 0.730, -0.617, all P<0.001), respectively. However, no statistically correlation was found between V e, V p and LF stages ( r=-0.074, P=0.367; r=-0.078, P=0.342). The area under the ROC curve (AUCs) of LS were the greatest (0.920 for F0 vs F1-F4, 0.900 for F0 vs F1-F2, 0.945 for F0 vs F3-F4, 0.926 for F1-F2 vs F3-F4), while the AUCs of K trans were 0.897, 0.863, 0.942, 0.809, respectively. Conclusion:The early quantitative diagnostic efficacy for LF staging by MRE was superior to Gd-EOB-DTPA DCE-MRI in rabbits.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888320

ABSTRACT

Nonspecific low back pain is closely associated with afferent nerve ingrowth into degenerated IVDs and increasing the inflammatory response. Members of the class 3 semaphorins signal their response through two prominent receptors; the NRP (Neuropilin-1) and the Plexin A. Sema3A (Semaphorin3A) is primarily known for their role in modulating neuronal survival as well as neurite outgrowth and guidance via regulation of Sema3A-NRP-1-plexinA signal pathway. Also, sema3A is shown to be conductive to innervate the inner painful degenerated IVDs (Intervertebral discs). Furthermore, sema3A is thought to act as a barrier to endothelial cells survival and migration on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibition of KLF5-induced (Krüppel-like factor 5) inflammatory mediators within degenerated IVDs. Therefore, Sema3A produce a new perspective of dual-action therapeutic agent for attenuating the regulator of innervation and angiogenesis into degenerated IVDs and inhibition of KLF5-induced inflammation.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Humans , Low Back Pain , Neuropilin-1 , Semaphorin-3A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887485

ABSTRACT

There are a large number of clinical reports that acupoint injection therapy is effective, but there are still some basic problems that have not been effectively resolved, such as the type, dosage, concentration and compatibility of acupoint injection drugs. This article analyzes and discusses the problems of acupoint injection therapy in five aspects: the effect of acupoint injection on local tissues, the study of mechanism, the best treatment plan and advantages, and the similarities and differences with local injection therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Injections
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877599

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the severe challenges posed by the localization process in the internationalization of Chinese acupuncture and moxibustion to Chinese traditional acupuncture and moxibustion, and the ways to deal with the challenges. It is believed that the lack of deep understanding of the challenges in the process of internationalization of acupuncture and moxibustion is mainly due to the lack of knowledge structure of acupuncture and moxibustion, and the innovation of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials is the basis of effectively adjusting the knowledge structure. The direction of the reform of acupuncture and moxibustion teaching materials should separate the modern version of acupuncture and moxibustion that conforms to the nature of science and teach it in parallel with the traditional version of acupuncture and moxibustion. The development of modern acupuncture and moxibustion in line with the nature of science is not only an urgent need to meet the challenges of western acupuncture and moxibustion, but also an internal requirement for the development of acupuncture and moxibustion itself.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Knowledge , Moxibustion , Teaching , Teaching Materials
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873126

ABSTRACT

Objective::To discuss the clinical efficacy of Liuwei Dihuangwan combined with Danzi Xiaoyaosan on H-type hypertension with syndrome of Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity and its effect on vascular endothelial function and inflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and fifty patients were randomly divided into control group (75 cases) and observation group (75 cases) by random number table.Patients in control group got enalapril maleate and folic acid tablets, 1 tablet/time, 1 time/day, and patients with uncontrollable blood pressure were also given nifedipine sustained-release tablets, 20-30 mg/time, 2 times/days.In addition of the therapy of control group, patients in observation group were also given modified Liuwei Dihuangwan combined with Danzi Xiaoyaosan, 1 dose/day.The course of treatment was 12 weeks.Before and after treatment, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and up-to-standard blood pressure were detected.And ambulatory blood pressure, standard deviation of 24-hours systolic blood pressure (24 h SSD), standard deviation of 24-hour diastolic blood pressure 24 h DSD), 24 h mean systolic blood pressure (24 h SBP), 24 h mean diastolic blood pressure (24 h DBP) were recorded.And ankle brachial index (ABI) and brachial artery blood flow mediated diamete (FMD) were discussed, syndrome of Yin deficiency and Yang hyperactivity was scored, and levels of iterleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) were detected. Result::The levels of SBP, DBP, 24 h SSD, 24 h DSD, 24 h SBP and 24 h DBP were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). The achievement rate of accidental blood pressure in observation group was 81.19%, which was higher than 66.98% in control group (χ2=29.81, P<0.01). And levels of ABI, FMD and IL-10 were higher than those in control group (P<0.01), while the score of syndrome of Yin Deficiency and Yang Hyperactivity and the levels of Hcy, leptin, IL-6 and hs-CRP were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::In addition to the therapy of antihypertensive and folic acid, Liuwei Dihuangwan combined with Danzi Xiaoyaosan can be given to control the level of blood pressure and Hcy, relieve the variability of blood pressure, alleviate clinical symptoms, raise the rate of achievement rate of blood pressure, improve the function of vascular endothelium, and regulate inflammatory factors.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the syndrome characteristics and distribution regularity of patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), in order to guide clinical practice and improve the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine. Method:Inpatients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction in line with the diagnostic criteria were selected, and the frequency statistics method was used to analyze the syndrome elements and their frequency degree and distribution characteristics. Result:According to the analysis of syndrome elements and their frequency degree of 263 patients with NSTEMI, the pathogenesis of NSTEMI was mostly deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. As for deficiency in origin, Qi deficiency (171 times, 32.39%) was the most common, which was followed by Yin deficiency (42 times, 7.95%), Yang deficiency (16 times, 3.03%), and blood deficiency (1 times, 0.19%). As for excess in superficiality, blood stasis (129 frequency, 24.4%) and phlegm turbidity (125 frequency, 23.7%) were the most common, which were followed by heat accumulation (42 frequency, 7.95%), water drinking (2 frequency, 0.38%). According to the syndrome diagnosis analysis of the combination of syndrome elements, 220 cases (83.65%) had single syndrome differentiation, 42 cases (15.97%) had two syndromes at the same time, and 1 case (0.38%) had three syndromes at the same time. Among all the syndrome types, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (94 cases, 42.7%) was the most common, which were followed by phlegm and blood stasis syndrome (46 cases, 20.9%), Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome (41 cases, 18.6%) and heart and kidney deficiency syndrome (32 cases, 14.6%). And Yang deficiency and water flooding syndrome (6 cases, 2.73%) and heart fire blazing syndrome (1 case, 0.45%) were relatively rare. According to the distribution regularity of syndrome, traditional Chinese medicine therapies were mainly for tonifying vital qi and protecting kidney Qi, with equal emphasis on removing phlegm, eliminating dampness and diuresis, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Conclusion:The pathogenesis of NSTEMI is deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. Deficiency in origin is mostly Qi deficiency and Yin deficiency, while excess in superficiality is mostly blood stasis, phlegm and heat accumulation. traditional Chinese medicine therapies are mostly for invigorating Qi and nourishing Yin, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, clearing heat and resolving phlegm.

11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 351-359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826977

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circulating tumor cells (CTC) play an important role in the screening and prognosis of lung cancer, but the low efficiency and specificity of CTC isolation obviously restrict its clinical application. The purpose of this study is to explore a new and efficient isolation method of CTC in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in order to achieve the purpose of early diagnosis of NSCLC.@*METHODS@#Three kinds of immunolipid magnetic spheres of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vimentin and folic acid (FA) were prepared by thin film method. After characterization, the sorting scheme of cell line was explored, the optimal sorting scheme of NSCLC CTC was constructed, and its clinical application value was studied.@*RESULTS@#The average capture efficiency of EGFR, Vimentin and FA magnetic spheres used alone and in combination to lung cancer cell lines was 78%, 79%, 82% and 91%, respectively. In 60 patients with lung cancer, using 2 CTC per 7.5 mL blood as cutoff value, the positive rates of EGFR, Vimentin and FA magnets used alone and in combination were 65.0%, 33.3%, 93.3% and 100%, respectively. It was also found that the number of CTC detected by combined use of the three magnetic spheres was correlated with clinical stages (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of three kinds of magnetic spheres can separate EGFR+, Vimentin+, FA+ expressed CTC, which is beneficial to the downstream analysis of CTC correlation. This study provides a new method to improve the efficiency of NSCLC CTC capture, and verifies that the captured CTC counting method can be used in the auxiliary diagnosis of lung cancer.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 509-514, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821883

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIt remains an open question of whether the human-derived RUNX-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) influences the development of renal cell carcinoma. This study aims to investigate the expression and biological function of the RUNX1 gene in renal cell carcinoma.MethodsBioinformatics technique of gene chip was used to identify the expression of RUNX1 in renal cancer. The expression level of RUNX1 in renal cancer tissue was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Twenty samples of cancer tissue were collected from the Department of Urology, Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University between January 2015 and June 2019. Accordingly, the adjacent normal tissue of the tumor was as well collected. The 786-O cell line was transfected using small interfering RNA, and was subsequently divided into three groups by knocking down the RUNX1 gene: siRNA1 group (siRNA1 sequence transfected with si-RUNX1), siRNA2 group (siRNA2 sequence transfected with si-RUNX1), siRNA3 Group (siRNA3 sequence transfected with si-RUNX1), control group (control sequence empty vector siRNA transfection). Cell clone formation experiment was used to count the number of cell clone formation; MTT assay was used to detect 786-O cell proliferation activity; the Transwell tumor cell invasion experiment was used to analyze the amount of cell migration; Western blot was used to detect changes in protein levels.Results The expression of RUNX1 in renal tumor tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissue. The expression of RUNX1 in renal tumor tissues was increased with the escalation of the malignant degree of the pathological stage. The prognosis of patients with high expression of RUNX1 was significantly poor than that of the patients with low expression of RUNX1. The results of cell colony formation assay and MTT assay showed that the cell viability and proliferation of si-RUNX1 groups were significantly inhibited compared to the control group (P<0.01 for both). Transwell assay showed that the number of 786-O cells passing through the membrane in the si-RUNX1 group (98.67±3.53/field) was significantly lower than that of the control group (143.3±8.74/field) (P<0.01).ConclusionThe expression of RUNX1 is correlated with the proliferation and migration ability of renal cancer cells. Knockdown of RUNX1 expression can significantly inhibit the proliferation and migration of renal cancer cells, suggesting that RUNX1 plays an important role in the proliferation and metastasis of melanoma. Hence, the RUNX1 gene can be used as a potential clinical diagnosis and treatment target and prognostic marker for renal cancer.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817688

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate whether oral administration of probiotics could improve the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.【Methods】Twenty-four 8-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups,6 in each. The mice in control(CON)group,AlCl3-treated(Al)group,probiotics-treated(PO)group and treatment-combined(Al+PO)group were treated with sterile water,oral AlCl3,probiotics in sterile water and a combination of oral AlCl3 and probiotics in sterile water ,respectively. After six weeks of treatment,immunofluorescence staining was used to test the numbers of activated microglia(Iba-1+/CD68+ cells) and the expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF)in hippocampus;enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was employed to determine the levels of interleukin- 1 β(IL- 1 β) and tumor necrosis factor- α(TNF- α)in serum and hippocampus.【Results】 The morphology revealed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells increased significantly(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level decreased significantly(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group , in Al+PO group ,the numbers of Iba-1+/CD68+ cells were significantly lower(P < 0.01)and the BDNF level significantly higher(P < 0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with those in CON group,in Al group,the levels of IL-1β and TNF- α in serum and hippocampus had a significant rise(P < 0.01). Compared those in Al group,in Al+PO group,the levels of IL- 1 β in serum and hippocampus and TNF-α in hippocampus had a significant reduction (P < 0.01).【Conclusions】Oral probiotics improves the aluminum-induced hippocampal inflammation in mice.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): E001-E001, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811714

ABSTRACT

At present, the prevention and control of the COVID-19 is still severe, its pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and pathogenic, and the population is generally susceptible. In order to deal with the epidemic, selective operation can be postponed, but most of the patients with acute abdominal diseases are commonly in clinic, with acute onset and severe condition, and most of them are accompanied with fever and gastrointestinal symptoms, so emergency operation is needed.Under the condition of the current epidemic—COVID-19, it requires a higher standard to diagnose and treat patients with acute abdomen. The first step is to carry out procedures to identify whether the patient is infected or not. Those who are not infected can go through the normal treating procedures.For patients diagnosed with COVID-19 or suspected patients, the second step is to achieve classified diagnoses and treatments, and to adopt a treating plan that integrates TCM and western medicine.In order to protect patients and medical staff, the COVID-19 in hospital transmission must be avoided. For patients with COVID-19 who need emergency surgery, we must strictly comply with the hospital's protection regulations, closely coordinate the relevant departments of surgery, perform the three-level protection, operate in accordance with the principle of damage control in the negative pressure surgery room, and return to the isolation ward according to the prevention and control process after operation. For units without surgical conditions, patients should be transferred to hospital in time on the premise of maximum damage control, and patients must not be delayed for timely diagnosis and treatment due to the epidemic.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1117-1121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in quantitative evaluation of iron load in diabetic kidneys.Methods:Thirty two healthy New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into diabetic group (DM, n = 20) and control group (NC, n = 12). DM model was established by injecting 5% alloxan solution (100 ml/kg) through ear vein. 12 rats were finally enrolled into the group. NC group was injected with the same dose of normal saline. DM group and NC group were intramuscularly injected with 60 mg/kg iron dextran. The left kidney was scanned by MRI immediately after iron injection (0 weeks) and 12 weeks after feeding. The left kidney was killed after 12 weeks of scanning. The left kidney was examined by Prussian blue staining and atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The value of SWI in quantitative evaluation of renal iron content was evaluated by using the iron content measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer as the gold standard. On SWI phase diagram, the region of interest (ROI) was manually drawn along the renal cortical vagal area, and the measured phase values were converted into angular radians. Mann Whitney U test was used to compare the blood glucose value and the angle radian value at 0 week and 12 week between the two groups; independent sample t test was used to compare the difference of iron content between the two groups; nonparametric Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare the difference of angle radian between DM group and NC group at 0 and 12 weeks; Spearman correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between angle radian value and atomic absorption spectrophotometer results. Results:The blood glucose level in DM group [28.0 (10.6) mmol/L] was significantly higher than that in NC Group [6.5 (1.9) mmol/L], and the difference was statistically significant (U = 0, P<0.001). At week 0, there was no significant difference between DM group [-0.04 (-0.02)] and NC Group [-0.02 (0.06)] in angle radian value (U=105.50, P>0.05); at 12 weeks, the angle radian value of DM group [0.22 (0.17)] was higher than that of NC Group [0.17 (0.05)], the difference was statistically significant (U=35.50, P<0.05). The angle radian of DM group and NC group at 12 weeks were higher than that of 0 weeks, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Prussian blue staining showed that iron was mainly deposited in renal cortex, and the blue staining in DM group was more obvious than that in NC group. The signal intensity of renal cortex on SWI images in DM group was significantly lower than that in 0 week group at 12 weeks, and slightly decreased in NC group. The iron content of DM group and NC group were (171.39±20.13) mg/kg and (116.21±28.90) mg/kg, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.428, P<0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the angle radian was positively correlated with iron content ( r=0.67, P<0.001). Conclusions:Diabetic kidneys have more iron deposits than normal kidneys. As a non-invasive, simple and convenient examination technique, SWI has the potential to quantitatively evaluate the iron load of diabetic kidneys.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1008-1011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) in evaluating renal excess iron deposition.Methods:Thirty New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into iron group (injected iron dextran) with 15 rabbits and control group with 15 rabbits. All rabbits underwent SWI examination at 0th week before and 8th week after the injection of iron. MRI images of the control and iron group at the 0th and 8th week were analyzed. The phase value of renal cortex was measured on the phase images and the angle radian value was calculated. The distribution of renal iron deposition was observed by Prussian blue stain. The renal iron content was measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The Mann-Whitney U or Wilcoxon test was used to compare the difference in angular radian value between the two groups. The independent sample t test was used to compare the difference in renal iron content between the two groups. Results:Only in iron group at 8th week, the SWI signal intensity of renal cortex was significantly lower than that of medulla. The renal cortical SWI signal intensity of iron group at 8th week was significantly lower than that of iron group at 0th week and control group at 8th week, respectively. The angle radian value of iron group at 8th week [0.202 3(0.161 8, 0.272 5)] was significantly higher than that of iron group at 0th week [-0.045 4 (-0.013 9, 0.008 0)] and control group at 8th week [-0.011 2 (-0.052 9, -0.001 4)], respectively ( Z=-3.408, -4.666, all P<0.05). Only in the iron group at 8th week, the obvious blue iron deposition were observed in renal cortex and few were observed in medulla. The renal iron content [(135.3±14.1) mg/kg] of iron group at 8th week was significantly higher than that [(75.5±9.8) mg/kg] of control group at 8th week ( t=13.938, P<0.001). Conclusions:SWI can evaluate the excess iron deposition in kidney. Excess iron is mainly deposited in the renal cortex and reduces its SWI signal intensity. The angle radian value calculated from the phase value can quantify the iron deposition.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 891-897, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between MRI texture features with the histopathology in early renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI).Methods:Forty-eight healthy New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into the IRI group ( n=40) and the sham group ( n=8). As for the IRI group, rabbits underwent the left kidney surgery by clamping the left renal artery for 60 mins and then releasing the clamp to establish renal IRI model. The rabbits in the sham group underwent the same operation, but without clamping the left renal artery. MR examination were performed before and at 1 h, 12 h, 24 h, and 48 h after the operations. As for the IR group, eight rabbits were randomly sacrificed at each time point immediately after MR exam. The eight rabbits in the sham group were sacrificed after MR exam at 48 h after the operation. The left kidney was harvested for histopathological examination. The single item score of the histopathological features, the microvessel density (MVD), and the pathological total score were calculated. Differences in the single item score of the histopathological features, MVD, and the pathological total score among IRI group with different time points and sham group were determined using the Kruskal-Wallis test. MRI texture features of the left kidney were extracted. Multiple dimensionality reduction for MRI texture features were performed, and the features associated with the pathological total score were selected. The relationship between MRI texture features with the single item score of the histopathological features and MVD was assessed by Pearson correlation coefficients. Results:There were significant differences in renal tubular brush border destruction, renal tubular epithelial edema, necrosis, cast, interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration, MVD, and the pathological total score in IRI group among the different time points (all P<0.05). T 2WI_S (3, -3) InvDfMom had the highest correlation with renal tubular brush border destruction, renal tubular epithelial edema, necrosis, and cast ( r=0.56, -0.58, 0.62, 0.69, all P<0.01). BOLD_S (4, -4) Correlat had the highest correlation with interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration ( r=0.63, P<0.01). SWI_S (4, 4) DifEntrp had the highest correlation with MVD ( r=0.61, P<0.01). Conclusion:MRI texture analysis can provide valuable information for evaluating early renal IRI.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 450-455, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced(DCE)-MRI based textural analysis in differentiating IDH mutated high-grade gliomas from IDH gene wild types.Methods:Twenty-nine patients with high grade gliomas collected from April 2016 to December 2019 in First People's Hospital of Changzhou were assessed retrospectively, including 10 patients with IDH mutation and 19 patients with IDH gene wild type. All patients underwent DCE, conventional plain and enhanced MR scanning. Omni Kinetics software was used to perform DCE-MRI data processing, volume transfer constant (K trans), ratio constant of tracer refluxing from tissue to plasma (Kep), extravascular extracellular space per unit volume of tissue (Ve), blood plasma volume (Vp) and area under the gadolinium concentration-time curve (AUC) were obtained. Five commonly used textural features, including Energy, Entropy, Inertia, Correlation, and Inver Difference Moment (IDM), were generated based on gray-level co-occurrence matrices. The independent samples t test (normal distributionand equal variance) or Mann-Whitney rank sum test (abnormal distribution or unequal variance) was used to compare the differences in textural features of DCE-MRI parameters between IDH mutated group and IDH gene wild type group. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the efficiency of textural features of DCE-MRI parameters in differentiating IDH mutated high-grade gliomas from IDH gene wild types for statistically significant textural features. Results:Entropy of K trans and Ve for IDH mutated group were 5.368±1.458 and 6.698±1.081, respectively; while the corresponding values were 7.334±1.385 and 8.213±1.320 for IDH gene wild type group, respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t values were-3.570, -3.113, P values were 0.001, 0.004, respectively). Inverse difference moment of K trans and Ve for IDH mutated group were 0.567±0.147 and 0.417±0.106, respectively; while for IDH gene wild type group, the values were 0.393±0.119 and 0.296±0.101, respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t values were 3.452, 3.014, P values were 0.002, 0.006, respectively). In all textural features, the area under the ROC curve of entropy of K trans was the largest (0.874), and the sensitivity was the highest (100%), and the specificity of IDM of Ve was the highest (94.7%). Conclusion:Textural analysis of DCE-MRI can help to differentiate IDH mutated high-grade gliomas from IDH gene wild types.

19.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 166-169, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867217

ABSTRACT

At present,the prevention and control of the COVID-19 is still severe,its pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and pathogenic,and the population is generally susceptible.Thus,it requires a higher standard to diagnose and treat patients with acute abdomen.The first step is to carry out procedures to identify whether the patient is infected or not.Those who are not infected can go through the normal treating procedures.For patients diagnosed with COVID-19 or suspected patients,the second step is to achieve classified diagnoses and treatments,and to adopt a treating plan that integrates TCM and western medicine.In order to protect patients and medical staff,the COVID-19 in hospital transmission must be avoided.For patients with COVID-19 who need emergency surgery,we must strictly comply with the hospital 's protection regulations,closely coordinate the relevant departments of surgery,perform the three-level protection,operate in accordance with the principle of damage control in the negative pressure surgery room,and return to the isolation ward according to the prevention and control process after operation.For units without surgical conditions,patients should be transferred to hospital in time on the premise of maximum damage control,and patients must not be delayed for timely diagnosis and treatment due to the epidemic.

20.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1139-1144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866967

ABSTRACT

2019 Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has caused a global pandemic. Although researchers have carried out a lot of research on 2019-nCoV, analyzed the molecular structure and conducted evolutionary tree analysis, there is still insufficient understanding of its specific pathogenic mechanism, resulting in the lack of specific and effective therapeutic drugs and method. 2019-nCoV infection can cause inflammation and may deteriorate to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and sepsis, which have become the main complication of its death. Therefore, using antiviral and symptomatic treatment with inflammation reduction can have a better therapeutic effect. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) not only have a significant immune-regulation function, but also play a role in regeneration and repair, repairing damaged lungs, so they can be considered as a new effective method for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This article analyzes the main pathogenic mechanism of 2019-nCoV, and the process of developing into ARDS, combined with the research status of MSCs, to explore its significance and feasibility for the treatment of COVID-19. Finally, it will provide a substantial theoretical basis for clinical treatment now and in the future.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL