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1.
Clinics ; 78: 100306, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528416

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the association between serum bilirubin levels and in-hospital Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE) in patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI). Methods A total of 418 patients with STEMI who underwent primary PCI were enrolled from October 1st, 2021 to October 31st 2022. The average age of enrolled participants was 59.23 years, and 328 patients (78.50%) were male patients. Patients were divided into MACE (patients with angina pectoris after infarction, recurrent myocardial infarction, acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock, malignant arrhythmias, or death after primary PCI) (n = 98) and non-MACE (n = 320) groups. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to estimate the association between different bilirubin levels including Total Bilirubin (TB), Direct Bilirubin (DB), Indirect Bilirubin (IDB), and risk of in-hospital MACE. The area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the accuracy of bilirubin levels in predicting in-hospital MACE. Results The incidence of MACE in STEMI patients increased from the lowest to the highest bilirubin tertiles. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that increased total bilirubin level was an independent predictor of in-hospital MACE in patients with STEMI (p for trend = 0.02). Compared to the first TB group, the ORs for risk of MACE were 1.58 (95% CI 0.77‒3.26) and 2.28 (95% CI 1.13‒4.59) in the second and third TB groups, respectively. The ROC curve analysis showed that the areas under the curve for TB, DB and IDB in predicting in-hospital MACE were 0.642 (95% CI 0.578‒0.705, p < 0.001), 0.676 (95% CI 0.614‒0.738, p < 0.001), and 0.619 (95% CI 0.554‒0.683, p < 0.001), respectively. Conclusions The current study showed that elevated TB, DB, and IDB levels are independent predictors of in-hospital MACE in patients with STEMI after primary PCI, and that DB has a better predictive value than TB and IDB.

2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 397-405, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981068

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits of a vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#This prospective single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial categorized 66 elderly patients with severe pneumonia into study and control groups. The control group received vancomycin using a regimen decided by the attending physician. Meanwhile, the study group received individualized vancomycin therapy with a dosing strategy based on a serum trough concentration model. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with serum trough concentrations reaching the target values. The secondary endpoints were clinical response, vancomycin treatment duration, and vancomycin-associated acute kidney injury (VA-AKI) occurrence.@*RESULTS@#All patients were at least 60 years old (median age = 81 years). The proportion of patients with target trough concentration achievement (≥ 15 mg/L) with the initial vancomycin regimen was significantly higher in the study group compared to the control group (75.8% vs. 42.4%, P = 0.006). Forty-five patients (68.2%) achieved clinical success, the median duration of vancomycin therapy was 10.0 days, and VA-AKI occurred in eight patients (12.1%). However, there were no significant differences in these parameters between the two groups. The model for predicting vancomycin trough concentrations was upgraded to: serum trough concentration (mg/L) = 17.194 - 0.104 × creatinine clearance rate (mL/min) + 0.313 × vancomycin daily dose [(mg/(kg∙d)].@*CONCLUSION@#A vancomycin dosage strategy based on a serum trough concentration model can improve the proportion of patients achieving target trough concentrations in elderly patients with severe pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Middle Aged , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Pneumonia/drug therapy
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959737

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the role of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) on sunitinib-induced myocardial systolic dysfunction. METHODS Using human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMS) as objects, the contractile force of cardiomyocytes was measured by CardioExcyte 96 system, and IC50 of sunitinib was calculated after hiPSC- CMS were treated with sunitinib at different concentrations [0 (control), 0.5, 1, 3, 5, 10 μmol/L] for 24 hours. The effects of sunitinib (3.14 μmol/L) on the contractile frequency of cardiomyocytes, calcium transient amplitude and calcium transient recovery time course, mRNA expression of myocardial injury markers atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and β-myosin heavy chain (β-MHC) were detected. PI3K activator 3,4,5-triphosphate phos-phatidylinositol (PIP3, 1 μmol/L) and sunitinib were used to intervene in hiPSC-CMs jointly, so as to investigate the role of PI3K in the myocardial systolic dysfunction induced by sunitinib. RESULTS Sunitinib inhibited the contractile force of hiPSC-CMs in a concentration-dependent manner. IC50 of sunitinib was 3.14 μmol/L. After intervention with 3.14 μmol/L sunitinib, the contractile frequency of hiPSC-CMs and calcium transient amplitude were decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the duration of calcium transient recovery was prolonged significantly (P<0.05), and mRNA expressions of ANP, BNP and β-MHC were significantly increased (P<0.01). After PI3K was activated with PIP3, the contractile force of hiPSC-CMs was increased significantly (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Activating PI3K activity is a potential molecular mechanism to improve myocardial toxicity induced by sunitinib.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 124-126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959064

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy (DN) and the relationship between dietary pattern and risk. Methods From August 2018 to May 2021, 655 T2DM patients in Wuhan Puren Hospital, including 338 males and 317 females, were divided into T2DM group (n=368 cases) and DN group (n=287 cases) according to whether patients had DN. The uniformly trained staff of our hospital used the simplified version of food intake frequency questionnaire designed for diabetes to investigate the reasonable dietary intake of patients in nearly one year. Clinical data of patients in the two groups were collected and the intake of protein, fat, carbohydrate and dietary fiber in the two groups was statistically analyzed. Logistics regression was used to analyze the formula independent risk factors of DN in T2DM, and Pearson correlation analysis was performed on the incidence of diabetic nephropathy and dietary pattern. Results Among of 655 T2DM patients, there were 287 (43.82%) patients with DN, including 149 males and 138 females. The average age, duration of diabetes, smoking in DN group were significantly higher than those in T2DM group (P0.05). Energy, protein intake, carbohydrate and fat intake in DN group were significantly higher than those in T2DM group (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that protein, carbohydrate and fat intake were independent risk factors for DEVELOPING DN in T2DM patients (P<0.05). According to Pearson correlation analysis, the risk of developing DN in T2DM patients was positively correlated with protein and fat intake (r=0.449 , 0.517, P<0.05). Conclusion PATIENTS with T2DM have a higher risk of DEVELOPING DN, which is closely related to dietary intake. Reasonable allocation of dietary intake can reduce the risk of developing DN.

5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 385-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The prevalence of depressive symptoms has become a significant public health issue in China. Research on the relationship between personality traits and changes in depressive symptoms, as well as further exploration of urban-rural differences, not only benefits for the understanding of the prevalence trend of depression in China, but also provides a useful reference for the government to develop personalized mental health prevention strategies.@*METHODS@#Based on the data from the China Family Panel Studies in 2018 and 2020, a univariate analysis was conducted on 16 198 Chinese residents aged 18 years and above. Five dimensions of personality traits were conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, neuroticism and openness. In the study, 16 198 residents were divided into "keep good group", "better group", "worse group" and "keep bad group" according to the changes in depressive symptoms in 2018 and 2020. After controlling for factors, such as gender and education, multinomial Logistic regression analysis was used to examine whether personality traits were associated with changes in depressive symptoms. In addition, we evaluated whether urban-rural and personality traits interacted to influence depressive symptoms.@*RESULTS@#The five dimensions of personality traits were significantly correlated with changes in depressive symptoms. Conscientiousness, extroversion, and agreeableness were negatively associated with depressive symptoms, while neuroticism and openness were positively related. Urban and rural differences moderated the relationship between personality traits and depressive symptoms. Compared with urban residents, rural residents showed stronger correlations between neuroticism (OR=1.14; 95%CI: 1.00-1.30) and the group of depression-recovery, as well as conscientiousness (OR=0.79;95%CI: 0.68-0.93) and the group of persistent-depression.@*CONCLUSION@#The study finds that personality traits have a significant correlation with changes in depressive symptoms, with certain traits showing a negative or positive relationship. Specifically, higher levels of conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness are associated with lower levels of depressive symptoms, while higher levels of neuroticism and openness are associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms. In addition, the study finds that rural residents have a stronger association between their personality traits and persistent or improved depressive symptoms, which highlights the need for tailoring mental health intervention and prevention programs that should take into account personality traits and urban-rural differences in China. By developing targeted strategies that are sensitive to personality differences and geographic disparities, policymakers and mental health professionals can help prevent and reduce the incidence of depressive symptoms, ultimately improving the overall well-being of Chinese adults. Meanwhile, additional studies in independent populations are needed to corroborate the findings of this study.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Personality , Depression/etiology , China/epidemiology , Personality Inventory , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 587-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985531

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the differences between adults and children in the epidemic characteristics and clinical manifestations of chickenpox and provide a reference for the prevention strategy adjustment of chickenpox. Methods: The incidence data of chickenpox surveillance in Shandong Province from January 2019 to December 2021 were collected. Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the distribution of cases, and the chi-square test was used to compare the differences in epidemiological characteristics and clinical manifestations of varicella cases between adults and children. Results: A total of 66 182 cases of chickenpox were reported from 2019 to 2021, including 24 085 cases of adults chickenpox, the male to female sex ratio was 1∶1 (12 032∶12 053), basically the same for men and women, and 42 097 cases of children chickenpox, with a gender ratio of 1.4∶1, the male to female ratio was 1.4∶1 (24 699∶17 398). Fever in chickenpox cases was mainly low and moderate, but the proportion of moderate fever with temperature between 38.1 and 39.0 ℃ in children cases (35.0%,14 744/42 097) was significantly higher than that in adults (32.0%,7 696/24 085). The number of herpes in chickenpox cases was mainly less than 50, but the proportion of severe cases with 100-200 herpes in children was higher than that in adults. The incidence rate of complications was 1.4% (333/24 085) in adults chickenpox, the incidence rate of complications was 1.7% (731/42 097) in children chickenpox. The incidence of encephalitis and pneumonia in children was higher than in adults, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The proportion of chickenpox cases was mainly outpatient, but the hospitalization rate of children cases was 14.4% (6 049/42 097), higher than that of adults, which was 10.7% (2 585/24 085). Conclusions: There were differences between adult chickenpox and child chickenpox in terms of epidemic and clinical manifestations; the symptoms of child chickenpox were more serious than adult chickenpox. However, the adult chickenpox population is generally susceptible and lacks immune strategy protection, which calls for more attention.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Adult , Male , Female , Infant , Chickenpox/prevention & control , Hospitalization , Incidence , Pneumonia/epidemiology , Epidemics , Fever/epidemiology , Chickenpox Vaccine
7.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 193-199, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981854

ABSTRACT

Talent is one of the basic and strategic supports for building a modern socialist country in all aspects. Since the 1980s, the establishment of forensic medicine major and the cultivation of innovative talents in forensic medicine have become hot topics in higher education in forensic medicine. Over the past 43 years, the forensic medicine team of Shanxi Medical University has adhered to the joint education of public security and colleges, and made collaborative innovation, forming a training mode of "One Combination, Two Highlights, Three Combinations, Four in One" for innovative talents in forensic medicine. It has carried out "5+3/X" integrated reform, and formed a relatively complete talent training innovation mode and management system in teaching, scientific research, identification, major, discipline, team, platform and cultural construction. It has made a historic contribution to China's higher forensic education, accumulated valuable experience for the construction of first-class major and first-class discipline of forensic medicine, and provided strong support for the construction of the national new forensic talent training system. The popularization of this training mode is conducive to the rapid and sustainable development of forensic science, and provides more excellent forensic talents for national building, regional social development and the discipline construction of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Medicine/education , Aptitude
8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

9.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 130-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006099

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the safety and efficacy of flexible ureteroscope (FU) combined with retrograde ureteroscope (URS) in the treatment of lower ureteral calculi with ureteral atresia. 【Methods】 Clinical data of 7 patients treated during Jan.2018 and Jun.2021 were retrospectively analyzed. 【Results】 Ureteral calculi and ureteral atresia were successfully treated, without serious complications. Six to eight weeks after operation, CT examination showed that hydronephrosis was relieved to varying degrees and the ureteral stents were in good position, without residual stones. Six months after operation, there was no significant exacerbation of hydronephrosis and the renal function remained stable. 【Conclusion】 Anterograde FU combined with retrograde URS has high stone-clearance rate, small trauma and high safety in the treatment of ureteral stricture and ureteral calculi.

10.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1162-1164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003957

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To study the blood group serology and molecular biology of patients with RhD--, so as to guide clinical blood use. 【Methods】 The EDTA-K2 anticoagulant blood of the patient was detected for Rh antigens and antibodies. Meanwhile, DNA was extracted, and the 1-10 exon of RHCE and RHAG gene was sequenced by Sanger sequencing. 【Results】 The serological test showed O type RhD--, and all spectral cells were positive. RHCE gene sequencing showed RHCE*02/RHCE*02, RHAG gene sequencing showed mutations at site 808 G > A and site 861 G > A of exon 6. 【Conclusion】 When patients were with RhD--, and related immune conditions such as pregnancy and/or transfusion history were present, autologous blood transfusion or plasma exchange could be an option for emergency blood use.

11.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 531-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994740

ABSTRACT

In recent years, progress has been made in general practice education research with the integration of narrative medicine and general practice. The narrative medicine is conducive to upgrading the abilities of general practice residents in doctor-patient communication, disease management and clinical decision makings; it also conducive to improvement of their humanistic quality and doctor-patient relationship. This article reviews the application of narrative medicine in the general practice residency training, and discusses relevant problems and countermeasures.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 833-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972412

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the clinical application value of analysis system for ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM)images of anterior chamber angle(ACA)based on deep learning algorithm.METHODS: A total of 4 196 UBM images were obtained from 675 patients(1 130 eyes)at the Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2021 to June 2022 were collected to build an image dataset. Using Unet++network to automatically segment ACA tissue, a support vector machine(SVM)algorithm was developed to automatically classify opening and closing of chamber angle, and an algorithm to automatically locate the sclera spur and measure ACA parameters was developed. Furthermore, a total of 631 UBM images of 127 subjects(221 eyes)at Huangshi Aier Eye Hospital and 594 UBM images of 188 subjects(257 eyes)at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were selected to evaluate the performance of the system under different environments.RESULTS: The accuracy of the analysis system constructed in this study for chamber angle opening and closing was 95.71%. The intra-class correlation coefficient(ICC)values of all ACA angle parameters were greater than 0.960. ICC values of all ACA thickness parameters were greater than 0.884. The accurate measurement of ACA parameters depended in part on the accurate location of the scleral spur.CONCLUSION: The intelligent analysis system constructed in this study can accurately and effectively evaluate ACA images automatically and is a potential screening tool for the rapid identification of ACA structures.

13.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 170-176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935769

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of paeoniflorin on hippocampal neuron apoptosis induced by lead acetate. Methods: In September 2020, primary hippocampal neuronal cells were isolated and cultured from fetal rats, and identified using cellular immunofluorescent. MTT assay was used to measure the cell viability to determine the concentration and time of lead acetate-induced hippocampal neuron apoptosis. MTT was also used to evaluate the effect of paeoniflorin concentration on the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons induced by lead acetate. According to the results, different concentrations of paeoniflorin were selected to intervene hippocampal neuron cells, after 24 h, lead acetate was added to the cells, meanwhile, blank and model groups were set up, the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS) , superoxide dismutase (SOD) , lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) , malondialdehyde (MDA) and Caspase-3 were measured. Extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) , phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK) , p38 mitogen -activated protein kinases (p38MAPK) , phosphorylated p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK) , c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK) protein expression in hippocampal neuronal cells were determined by Western blotting. Results: The isolated and cultured hippocampal neurons were identified by immunofluorescence chemical staining and then treated with lead acetate, MTT results showed that lead acetate had the best toxicity effect when treated for 24 h at a concentration of 25 μmol/L. Paeoniflorin showed no cytotoxic effect on hippocampal neuronal cells when the concentrations below 80 μmol/L. Compared with the model group, the activity of hippocampal neuronal cells was significantly increased after treating with 20, 40 or 80 μmol/L paeoniflorin (P<0.05) . Compared with the blank group, the ROS activity, LDH release level, MDA content and caspase-3 content were significantly increased (P<0.01) , and the SOD activity was significantly decreased (P< 0.01) in the hippocampal neuronal cells of the model group. Compared with the model group, the ROS activity, LDH release level, MDA content and caspase-3 content were obviously decreased (P<0.05) , SOD activity was significantly increased (P <0.01) after hippocampal neuronal cells were treated with 40 or 80 μmol/L paeoniflorin. Relative to the model group, the ratio of p-ERK/ERK were significantly up-regulated (P<0.01) , while the ratios of p-p38MAPK/p38MAPK and p-JNK/JNK were significantly down-regulated after hippocampal neuronal cells were treated with 40 or 80 μmol/L paeoniflorin (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Paeoniflorin may down-regulate the expression of p-p38MAPK and p-JNK protein, up-regulate the expression of p-ERK protein, and inhibit the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons induced by lead acetate through the MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acetates/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases/metabolism , Glucosides , Hippocampus/metabolism , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/pharmacology , Lead , Monoterpenes , Neurons/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 119-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935258

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence and economic burden of herpes zoster among the aged in Laiwu district, Jinan city. Methods: Retrospective cohort study was conducted in 5 communities in Laiwu District, Jinan City from July to September, 2019. A total of 8 300 residents born before July 1, 1959 and aged ≥60 years old were included in the investigation. At the same time, an economic burden survey was carried out among 220 cases who developed herpes zoster after July 1, 2017. A questionnaire was used to collect information on incidence and economic burden of HZ, and comparisons were carried out about the incidence and economic burden of herpes zoster among older people with different characteristics. Results: The age of 8 300 subjects was (71.46±6.71) years old. Male and female accounted for 44.10% and 55.90%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of disease after the age of 60 was 73.61‰ among population aged ≥60 years old. The cumulative incidence was 28.03‰, 71.26‰, 86.09‰, 93.48‰ and 88.10‰ among population aged 60-64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79 and ≥80 years old,respectively. The average annual incidence of HZ was 9.49‰ and annual incidence was 7.59‰, 7.23‰, 8.43‰, 10.24‰ and 13.98‰ in 2014-2018, respectively. HZ cost was (2 626±667) RMB per patient with a median cost of 715 RMB (interquartile range 303-2 358) on 220 cases who developed disease after July 1, 2017. The cost of outpatient cases was (1 329±1 835) RMB per patient with a median cost of 560 RMB (interquartile range 300-1 320), and the cost of inpatient cases was (14 303±16 571) RMB per patient with a median cost of 8 190 RMB (interquartile range 4 368-15 160). Conclusion: The incidence of HZ is high among population aged≥60 years old, which could cause heavy economic burden for them.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Financial Stress , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 742-745, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955779

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the iodine content distribution of drinking water in Jingdezhen City, and master the status of prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD), so as to provide a basis for adopting targeted control measures and scientific adjustment of control and prevention strategies.Methods:According to the "National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Program" and the "National Water Iodine Content Survey Program for Drinking Water", the surveillance of IDD in Jingdezhen City was carried out from 2017 to 2020. Household edible salt samples from pregnant women and students aged 8 to 10 were collected to detect salt iodine content, and urine samples were collected to detect urinary iodine. Thyroid volume of students was measured by B-ultrasonography, and the rate of goiter was calculated. In 2017, the iodine content of drinking water in Jingdezhen City was investigated, and the results were analyzed.Results:From 2017 to 2020, a total of 1 800 students were examined for thyroid gland, and 11 students were found to have goiter, with an goiter rate of 0.61%. A total of 3 201 edible salt samples and 3 201 urine samples were collected from students, the median of salt iodine was 24.96-26.40 mg/kg, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 98.50%-99.50%, and the median of urinary iodine was 172.56-218.35 μg/L. A total of 1 600 edible salt samples and 1 600 urine samples were collected from pregnant women, the median of salt iodine was 24.40-25.38 mg/kg, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 97.25%-98.00%, and the median of urinary iodine was 161.55-205.60 μg/L. In 2017, a total of 667 water samples were collected from 52 villages and towns in 4 counties and districts. The median of water iodine of the 4 counties and districts was 0.6-3.2 μg/L, and that of the 52 villages and towns was 0.3-12.3 μg/L.Conclusions:The iodine nutrition level of students and pregnant women in Jingdezhen City is generally at an appropriate level, but the iodine content of drinking water is low. It is suggested to strengthen the health education and health promotion of IDD among key population, guide the residents to supplement iodine scientifically, and continuously eliminate the harm of IDD.

16.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1383-1389, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the status quo of neonatal palliative care attitude of nurses in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and analyze the influencing factors, in order to provide reference and direction for hospital management to improve the neonatal palliative care attitude of NICU nurses.Methods:A total of 237 NICU nurses in 9 hospitals in Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province were selected by cluster sampling method from November to December 2021, and the questionnaire was conducted using General Data Survey, Neonatal Palliative Care Attitude Scale (NiPCAS), the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) and Coping with Death Scale (CDS). And analyze the results.Results:The total score of the NICU nurses′ neonatal palliative care attitude was 89.35 ± 18.86. The average score of each dimension from high to low was belief, work experience, resources, organization, and obstacle; and the total score of neonatal palliative care attitude was positively correlated with empathy ability ( r=0.653, P<0.01) and death coping ability ( r=0.597, P<0.01), in addition the factor of barrier was negatively correlated with empathy and death coping ability ( r=-0.602, -0.526, both P<0.01) Multiple linear regression analysis showed that educational background, whether nursing dying infants, frequency of attending hospice nursing education in hospitals, empathy ability and death coping ability were the influencing factors of neonatal palliative care attitude, which could explain 47.3% of the total variation. Conclusions:NICU nurses′ neonatal palliative care attitude was generally at a moderate level, and affected by five factors such as education. It is suggested that hospital management should provide to improve empathy ability and death response ability as the premise of personalized, diversified education training support, multiple ways, multi-level improve its empathy ability and death coping ability, improve neonatal palliative care attitude, and then improve the quality of nursing service.

17.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 345-349, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the related factors of cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis in patients with ischemic stroke in Kashgar.Methods:Patients with ischemic stroke treated in the Department of Neurology, the First People’s Hospital of Kashgar Prefecture from January 2013 to September 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. According to the findings of head and neck angiography, they were divided into without artery stenosis group, only intracranial artery stenosis group, only extracranial artery stenosis group, and intracranial + extracranial artery stenosis group. Demographic and clinical data were compared among the groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for cerebral atherosclerotic stenosis. Results:A total of 2 054 patients with ischemic stroke were enrolled. Their age was 60.73±11.36 years, and 1 213 were men (59.1%). There were 973 patients (47.4%) in the without artery stenosis group, 493 (24.0%) in the only intracranial artery stenosis group, 367 (17.9%) in the only extracranial artery stenosis group, and 221 (10.8%) in the intracranial + extracranial artery stenosis group. The comparison among the groups showed that there were significant differences in age, hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease, lymphocyte count, leukocyte count, neutrophil count, blood sodium, blood magnesium, fructosamine, fasting blood glucose, albumin, globulin, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A, hypersensitive C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that compared with the without arterial stenosis, older age (odds ratio [ OR] 1.01, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 1.003-1.02; P=0.011) and higher neutrophil count ( OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06-1.16; P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for intracranial arterial stenosis; older age ( OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.05; P<0.001), complicated with coronary heart disease ( OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.00-2.04; P=0.048), higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.05-1.42; P=0.011) and fibrinogen (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.07-1.47; P=0.004) were the independent risk factors for extracranial artery stenosis, and older age ( OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.05-1.08; P<0.001), complicated hypertension ( OR 1.85, 95% CI 1.27-2.69; P=0.001) and diabetes ( OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.22-2.66; P=0.003), higher neutrophil count ( OR 1.10, 95% CI 1.02-1.17; P=0.008), fructosamine ( OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.05-1.78; P=0.022) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.02-1.51; P=0.034) were the independent risk factors for intracranial + extracranial artery stenosis. Conclusion:There are some differences in the risk factors for intracranial and extracranial artery stenosis in patients with ischemic stroke in Kashgar Prefecture.

18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 477-482, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940990

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the long-term trends of the changes in the equity of China's health workforce allocation to provide a reference for the more balanced and orderly development of China's health system.@*METHODS@#The Gini coefficient was used to evaluate the degree of equity in the allocation of health workforce between regions, and the Gini coefficients for the allocation of doctors and nurses based on population and regional gross domestic product (GDP) distribution were calculated respectively.@*RESULTS@#In 2019, the number of licensed (assistant) physicians per 1 000 population in China was 2.77, and the number of registered nurses per 1 000 population was 3.18. The Gini coefficient for the distribution of licensed (assistant) physicians by population was 0.141 in 2002, decreasing to 0.081 by 2014 and then remained stable. The Gini coefficient for the distribution of registered nurses by population was 0.164 in 2002 and decreased to 0.066 in 2018. The Gini coefficient for the distribution of licensed (assistant) physicians by GDP was 0.236 in 2002, decreased to 0.169 in 2013, then increased to 0.183 and remained stable. The Gini coefficient for the distribution of registered nurses by GDP was 0.206 in 2002, decreased to 0.150 in 2013, and then increased each year to 0.180 in 2019. The equity of the allocation of registered nurses by population was worse than the equity of the allocation of licensed (assistant) physicians in 2002, and in 2016, for the first time, exceeded that of licensed (assistant) physicians.@*CONCLUSION@#Equity in the allocation of health workforce across China has improved, but the improvement in equity between regions has hit a bottleneck, with health workforce allocation in the western regions still relatively scarce. Although nursing workforce allocation equity caught up with licensed (assistant) physicians, the number of licensed (assistant) physicians is close to that of developed western countries, while there is a large gap in registered nurses. It is recommended that the relevant authorities make good long-term planning for health workforce, further increase the policy for the introduction of health workforce in the western region, and increase the supply of healthcare services in the western region with the help of digital transformation of healthcare and internet healthcare. At the same time, they should further increase investment in resources for higher nursing education and actively plan to cope with the ageing population.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Health Equity , Health Services , Health Workforce , Workforce
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 562-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation of homocysteine (HCY) and coagulation function index with the risk of breast cancer and its clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: The HCY, coagulation function test index, and clinicopathological information of female breast cancer patients (333 cases) treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were collected, and female patients with benign breast (225 cases) were selected during the same period for the control group. The t-test was used to compare measurement data with normal distribution, D-Dimer data were distributed discreetly and described by median, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. The chi-square test was used to compare enumeration data, and the Logistic regression analysis was used for the risk analysis. Results: The levels of HCY, fibrinogen (Fbg), protein C (PC), and median D-Dimer (D-D) in peripheral blood of breast cancer patients group [(13.26±5.24) μmol/L, (2.61±0.83) g/L, (117.55±19.67)%, and 269.68 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.58±0.69) μmol/L, (2.49±0.49) g/L, (113.42±19.82)% and 246.98 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The prothrombin time (PT), PT(INR), α2-antiplasmin (α2-AP) levels [(10.19±0.63) s, 0.91±0.07 and (110.64±13.93)%, respectively] were lower than those in the control group [(10.58±0.65) s, 0.93±0.01 and (123.81±14.77) %, P<0.05]. The serum levels of PC and median D-D in premenopausal breast cancer patients [(112.57±17.86)% and 242.01 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(105.31±22.31)% and 214.75 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT(INR), α2-AP [0.91±0.07 and (111.29±12.54)%, respectively] were lower than those of the control group[0.98±0.15 and (120.17±16.35)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of HCY and median D-D in postmenopausal breast cancer patients [(14.25±5.76) μmol/L and 347.53 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.67±2.38) μmol/L and 328.28 ng/ml, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT(INR), antithrombin Ⅲ (AT-Ⅲ), α2-AP levels [(10.18±0.66) s, 0.87±0.09, (97.30±12.84)% and (110.13±14.96)%] were lower than those in the control group [(10.38±0.61) s, 0.90±0.08, (102.89±9.12)%, and (127.05±12.38)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of α2-AP and median D-D in T2-4 stage breast cancer patients [(111.69±14.41)% and 289.25 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in Tis-1 stage patients [(108.05±12.37)% and 253.49 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT (INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP, median D-D [(10.62±0.63) s, 0.95±0.06, (3.04±1.52) g/L, (103.21±9.45)%, (118.72±14.77)% and 331.33 ng/ml, respectively] in breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [(10.42±0.58) s, 0.93±0.06, (2.52±0.54) g/L, (95.20±13.63)%, (106.91±13.13)% and 263.38 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. In non-menopausal breast cancer patients, the level of HCY [(12.63±4.41) μmol/L] in patients with T2-4 stage was higher than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(10.70±3.49) μmol/L, P=0.010], and the level of thrombin time [(19.35±0.90) s] of patients with T2-4 stage was lower than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(19.79±1.23) s, P=0.015]. The levels of PT(INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP [0.97±0.56, (3.37±2.34) g/L, (102.38±8.77)% and (120.95±14.06)%] in patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [0.94±0.05, (2.36±0.48) g/L, (94.56±14.37)% and (109.51±11.46)%, respectively, P<0.05]. Among postmenopausal breast cancer patients, the levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in T2-4 stage patients [(98.48±11.80)% and (111.84±15.35)%, respectively] were higher than those in patients with the Tis-1 stage [(94.12±14.98)% and (105.49±12.89)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in N1-3 stage patients [(103.74±9.94)% and (117.29±15.23)%] were higher than those in N0 stage patients [(95.75±13.01)% and (108.39±14.42)%, P<0.05]. Conclusions: HCY and abnormal coagulation function are related to the risk of breast cancer, T stage and lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Breast Neoplasms , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Homocysteine , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prothrombin Time
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1559-1563, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940023

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the correlation by analyzing and comparing the expression of inflammatory factors in peripheral blood of human leukocyte antigen-B27(HLA-B27)positive and negative uveitis patients.METHODS: All 76 patients first diagnosed with uveitis in our hospital from January 2020 to April 2022 were screened in this retrospective study. Nucleated cells were isolated from human venous blood, and HLA-B27 was detected by flow cytometry(direct immunofluorescence), the patients were divided into the HLA-B27-positive group(≥90%)in 35 cases and HLA-B27-negative group(≤5%)in 41 cases. The whole blood RNA was extracted. The mRNA expression of interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10(IL-10), protease activated receptor 2(PAR2), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin enhancer-binding factor -3(ILF3)were detected and compared by RT-qPCR.RESULTS: The IL-1β, IL-10, PAR2 and TNF-α mRNA were observed no difference between the two groups of patients(all P&#x003E;0.05). The IL-6 mRNA in the patients of HLA-B27-positive group was higher than in the HLA-B27-negative group, the ILF3 mRNA was lower than that in the negative group(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression level of IL-6 in peripheral blood was significantly increased and ILF3 was decreased in HLA-B27-positive group, which can be used as auxiliary indicators for diagnosis and treatment of HLA-B27-positive uveitis.

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