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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921392

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen and other approaches for treating the osteoradionecrosis of the jaws (ORNJ) systematically.@*METHODS@#According to the preset inclusion and exclusion criteria, randomized controlled trials and cohort studies on hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of ORNJ were screened, and foreign language databases such as PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library were searched via a computer; Chinese databases such as CNKI, VIP, Wanfang data, and CBM were searched from the established database to September 2020. Relevant books were searched manually to collect all literatures on the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapies in ORNJ treatment. Two researchers were independent and mutually blind, the papers were selected, data were collected, and the bias risk was evaluated. If any difference was detected, it would be decided by discussion or arbitrated by a third party. The data related to the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen and its related therapy in the treatment of the ORNJ were extracted, and the Revman5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis. In case of large heterogeneity, sensitivity analysis was performed. A funnel chart was used to evaluate possible publication bias qualitatively.@*RESULTS@#Four randomized controlled trials and seven cohort studies were included in Meta-analyses. In ORNJ treatment, no significant differences between the group subjected to hyperbaric oxygen and both surgery and antibiotics and the group that underwent both surgery and antibiotics (RR=1.16, 95%CI: 0.86~1.58, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperbaric oxygen therapy cannot replace surgery and antibiotic therapy. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is not superior to antibiotics and antifibrotic drugs, but the benefits of antifibrotic drugs should be further explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Jaw , Osteoradionecrosis/therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with wake-up stroke.Methods:From January 2019 to December 2019, consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Huizhou Municipal Central Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. The modified Rankin Scale was used to evaluate the outcome of patients at 90 d after the onset. 0 to 2 was defined as a good outcome, and >2 was defined as a poor outcome. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the factors affecting the poor outcome of patients with wake-up stroke. Results:A total of 356 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 97 (27.2%) wake-up stroke, and 259 (72.8%) non-wake-up stroke. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission and the proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation, moderate to severe stroke and cardiogenic embolism in the wake-up stroke group were significantly higher than those of the non-wake-up stroke group, and the proportion of patients with small artery occlusion was significantly lower than that in the non-wake-up stroke group (all P<0.05). Moreover, the proportion of patients with poor outcome in the wake-up stroke group was significantly higher than that in the non-wake-up stroke group (36.1% vs. 24.7%; χ2=4.546, P=0.033). In the wake-up stroke group, 62 patients (63.9%) had a good outcome, and 35 (36.1%) had a poor outcome. The NIHSS score at admission and the proportion of patients with atrial fibrillation and moderate to severe stroke in the subgroup with poor outcome were significantly higher than those in the subgroup with good outcome, and the proportion of patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombectomy was significantly lower than those in the good outcome subgroup (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that moderate to severe stroke (odds ratio [ OR] 6.674, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 2.223-20.034; P=0.001) was independently associated with the poor outcome in patients with wake-up stroke, while intravenous thrombolysis ( OR 0.102, 95% CI 0.017-0.630; P=0.014) and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy ( OR 0.108, 95% CI 0.023-0.506; P=0.005) were independently associated with the good outcome of patients with wake-up stroke. Conclusions:In patients with wake-up stroke, the proportion of cardioembolism is higher, the clinical symptoms are more serious and the incidence of poor outcome is higher. The severity of stroke at admission is associated with poor short-term outcome, and intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular mechanical thrombectomy can improve the outcome in patients with wake-up stroke.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 217-223, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872618

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the inhibitory effect of SYT-1, a new compound of tetrahydroisoquino-line, on tumor cell proliferation and underlying mechanisms. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) method was used to detect cell proliferation; clone formation experiment was used to detect cell clone formation ability; JC-1 probe was used to detect cell mitochondrial membrane potential; 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) probe was used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species; Annexin V-FITC/PI (fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium) counterstaining method was used to detect apoptosis; Western blot assay was used to detect the expression level of related proteins. The experimental results show that SYT-1 has a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of six human-derived cancer cells. Among them, the inhibitory effect on breast cancer MCF-7 cells is the strongest, the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of SYT-1 of 48 h administration on MCF-7 cells is 5.87 μmol·L-1, which is better than that of cisplatin (8.92 μmol·L-1). Further studies have shown that SYT-1 can dose-dependently inhibit the monoclonal formation ability of MCF-7 cells, and can cause the mitochondrial membrane potential of the cells to decrease and the level of reactive oxygen species to increase. In addition, SYT-1 can significantly inhibit the activation of PI3K-Akt (phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B) signaling pathway and induce apoptosis of MCF-7 cells. The above research results show that, as a new type of tetrahydroisoquinoline compound, SYT-1 has the potential to inhibit tumor cell proliferation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865920

ABSTRACT

The standardized residency training has become a necessary way to improve the overall professional quality of doctors. At present, a single teaching model can't meet the needs of the standardized residency training. This study explores the application of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with multidisciplinary treatment (MDT) model in the general surgery teaching of standardized residency training, so that the residents can use their theoretical knowledge to think deeply about the problems in the cases. By consulting the literature review, the cases are analyzed from multiple levels and angles, such as pathogenic causes, pathogenesis and clinical manifestations, then the clinic diagnosis and therapeutic schedule can be obtained. This kind of teaching model not only stimulates the group's more interest in learning, and improves the ability of autonomous learning, independent analysis, problem solving and language expression, but also significantly improves teaching satisfaction and has obvious teaching advantages.

5.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 883-888, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To optimize the extraction process of thymol and carvacrol in Origanum vulgare by Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology. METHODS: On the basis of single factor experiment, taking the sum of extraction rates of thymol and carvicol as the evaluation index, Box-Behnken design was used to investigate the effects of ethanol concentration, liquid-solid ratio and medicinal powder on the extraction rate. RESULTS: The optimal extraction parameters were as follows: ethanol concentration was 80%, liquid to solid ratio was 13∶1 (mL/g), medicinal powder passing through 40 meshes was used, and the highest extraction rate was 694.80 μg•g-1, with a small deviation from the predicted value. CONCLUSION: The optimal extraction method is simple, with low cost and good predictivity, and it can provide experimental basis for further large-scale production of thymol and carvacrol in Origanum vulgare.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828465

ABSTRACT

Objective Transdifferentiation exists between stromal cells or between stromal cells and cancer cells. Evodiamine and berberine are predominant pharmacological components of pill, a prescription of Traditional Chinese Medicine, playing crucial functions in remolding of tumor microenvironment. This study aimed to explore the effect of combination of evodiamine with berberine (cBerEvo) on the phenotypic transition of colon epithelial cells induced by tumor-associated fibroblasts, as well as the involved mechanisms.Methods Human normal colon epithelial cell line HCoEpiC cells were treated with the prepared conditioned medium of CCD-18Co, a human colon myofibroblast line, to induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Phase contrast microscope was used to observe the morphological changes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers including E-cadherin, vimentin and alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were observed with immunofluorescence microscopy. Migration was assessed by wound healing assay. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of E-cadherin, vimentin, α-SMA, Snail, ZEB1 and Smads. Results In contrast to the control, the tumor-associated fibroblasts-like CCD-18Co cells induced down-regulation of E-cadherin and up-regulation of vimentin, α-SMA, Snail and ZEB1 (<0.05), and promoted migration of HCoEpiCs (<0.05), with over expression of Smads including Smad2, p-Smad2, Smad3, p-Smad3 and Smad4 (<0.05), which were abolished by a transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) receptor inhibitor LY364947 and by cBerEvo in a concentration dependent manner. In addition, cBerEvo-inhibited ratios of p-Smad2/Smad2 and p-Smad3/Smad3 were also dose dependent.Conclusion The above results suggest that cBerEvo can regulate the differentiation of colon epithelial cells induced by CCD-18Co through suppressing activity of TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827959

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we analyzed medical records of 40 patients with coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), in order to explore the clinical efficacy of Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection in the treatment of COVID-19. The investigation was based on the results of a previous animal test, which was aimed to investigate and confirme the clinical efficacy of Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection in the treatment of COVID-19. The animal test demonstrated that Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection has a significant therapeutic effect on the human coronavirus pneumonia for the model mice. The lung inhibition index reached up to 86.86%. The evaluation was conducted on 40 confirmed cases of COVID-19 treated at Jingzhou Hospital of Infectious Disease(Chest Hospital) of Hubei Pro-vince from January 30~(th) to March 21~(th), 2020. In these cases, patients were treated with other integrated Chinese and Western medicines regimens in the recommended Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection diagnosis and treatment regimen. The clinical manifestations, laboratory data, nucleic acid clearance time, and imaging data were compared and analyzed before and after treatment. After administration with Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection, the clinical symptoms of 40 cases were alleviated markedly, and their blood analysis and biochemical indexes returned to normal. The lung CT showed more than 50% of lesion absorption rate, and the viral nucleic acid test showed the average clearance time of patients was 16.6 days, and the average length of hospital stay was 25.9 days. After administration with Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection, the symptoms of cough and fatigue were alleviated significantly, and the appetite was significantly improved compared with before, especially for patients with gastrointestinal symptoms. Additionally, laboratory indicators, especially absolute value and ratio of lymphocytes and CRP were significantly alleviated. According to the chest CT for short-term review, the absorption of lung lesions was faster than before, especially for grid-like and fibrotic lesions. Compared with antiviral drugs, such as Abidol and Kriging, the nucleic acid clearance time was significantly shorter than the cases treated with Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection. The clinical effective rate of 40 cases was 100.0%. We believed that Matrine and Sodium Chloride Injection have a good clinical effect in the treatment of COVID-19, and suggested increasing the clinical application and further conducting large-sample-size cli-nical verification.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Disease Models, Animal , Mice , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Quinolizines , Sodium Chloride , Treatment Outcome
8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 618-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of COOK balloon placement time on the efficacy of severe intrauterine adhesions.Methods150 patients with severe IUA were prospectively enrolled and randomized divided into three short-term group, medium-term group and long-term group, with respectively balloon placement time 1 week, 1 month and 2 months. All subjects underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). Re-adhesion and pregnancy rate after treatment, the relevant infection indicators, uterine cavity recovery, AFS score improvement rate, menstrual improvement, and endometrial thickness were analyzed.ResultsAll patients underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA) and COOK balloon placement successfully. Improvement of pregnancy rate and first pregnancy time were observed in group B and C than group A (P0.05).ConclusionPlacement of the uterine COOK balloon for more than 1 month may improve uterine cavity, pregnancy rate, AFS score, menstruation and endometrial thickness. However, the risk of infection increased at the second month after COOK balloon placement.

9.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 618-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821819

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of COOK balloon placement time on the efficacy of severe intrauterine adhesions.Methods150 patients with severe IUA were prospectively enrolled and randomized divided into three short-term group, medium-term group and long-term group, with respectively balloon placement time 1 week, 1 month and 2 months. All subjects underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA). Re-adhesion and pregnancy rate after treatment, the relevant infection indicators, uterine cavity recovery, AFS score improvement rate, menstrual improvement, and endometrial thickness were analyzed.ResultsAll patients underwent transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA) and COOK balloon placement successfully. Improvement of pregnancy rate and first pregnancy time were observed in group B and C than group A (P0.05).ConclusionPlacement of the uterine COOK balloon for more than 1 month may improve uterine cavity, pregnancy rate, AFS score, menstruation and endometrial thickness. However, the risk of infection increased at the second month after COOK balloon placement.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the health care-seeking behaviors of Mosuo and Pumi people.Methods The subjects were enrolled by using the multi-stage stratified random sampling method and surveyed by the self-designed questionnaire.Results To tally 1669 subjects including 1121 Mosuo people and 548 Pumi people completed the survey.When Mosuo and Pumi people suffer from ailments,they preferred to buy drugs in drugstores(47.3% for Mosuo and 46.9% for Pumi),followed by visiting a local township hospital(27.0% for Mosuo and 24.3% for Pumi).When they suffered from severe diseases,they preferred to visit the county/city/state hospital(93.4% for Mosuo and 91.1% for Pumi).The mental disease were mainly treated in the county/city/state hospitals(49.3% for Mosuo and 52.7% for Pumi);notably,39.3% of the Mosuo respondents and 31.5% of the Pumi respondents skipped this question.Conclusion Health education,including awareness-raising activities on mental health,should be enhanced in Mosuo and Pumi people to further improve their health care-seeking behaviors.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 538-541, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818816

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between co-consumption of takeaway fast foods and sodas with depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents, and to provide a reference for reducing the occurence of depression among adolescents.@*Methods@#A multi-center population-based survey was conducted in 32 schools in 4 provinces across China. A total of 14 500 adolescents completed eligible questionnaires. Depressive symptoms were assessed by using Children’s Depression Inventory(CDI), while consumption of takeaway fast foods and sodas was collected using the semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire(FFQ).@*Results@#27.26%(3 952/14 500) of adolescents were reported of depressive symptoms. The low, middle, and high-frequency consumption of takeaway fast foods (a OR=1.12, 1.73, 1.56, P<0.05) and sodas (a OR=1.64, 2.17, 3.54, P<0.01) were associated with depressive symptoms, and dose-response relationships were observed in all association(P<0.01). Meanwhile, positive additive interactions were observed in the association(a OR=2.46, P<0.01). The relative excess risk, attribution ratio and the interaction index of synergy was 0.45(0.12-0.77), 0.18(0.06-0.30) and 1.44(1.10-1.89), respectively.@*Conclusion@#Co-consumption of takeaway fast foods and sodas significantly associates with depressive symptoms by synergistic effect among Chinese adolescents.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772611

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We provided baseline data for oral public health through epidemiological surveys to investigate the prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment proportion in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents in Jiangxi province, China.@*METHODS@#Multi-stage random cluster sampling was used. A total of 5 387 12- to 14-year-old adolescents were examined by three professional dentists according to Angle's classification of malocclusion. The subjects were recruited from 30 secondary schools in five counties in Jiangxi Province. Results were statistically analyzed by SPSS19.0.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of malocclusion was 79.67% among adolescents aged 12-14 years in Jiangxi province. The composition ratios of ClassⅠ, Class Ⅱ Division 1, Class Ⅱ Division 2, and Class Ⅲ malocclusion were 30.96%, 16.36%, 12.78%, and 19.13% respectively. ClassⅠmalocclusion had the highest composition ratio, and the most common clinical manifestation of malocclusion was dentition crowding with a prevalence of 91.30%. The prevalence rate of malocclusion was higher in boys than in girls at 81.16% and 78.21%, respectively (P<0.05). This condition had different prevalence rates in Nanchang, Yichun, Jiujiang, Shangrao, and Ganzhou (P<0.05) with the highest in Nanchang and lowest in Ganzhou. Malocclusion was related to caries, and its prevalence rate was higher in patients with caries than in those without caries (P<0.05). The orthodontic rate of malocclusion was 2.63%, and the value was higher for girls than that for boys (P<0.05). The rate of orthodontic in urban areas was higher than that in rural areas (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with local and international findings on malocclusion of adolescents, high prevalence and low orthodontic rate were found in Jiangxi province. Strengthening the combination of prevention and treatment is important for the physical and mental health of adolescents. We should actively conduct oral health education, popularize the knowledge of malocclusion, and actively treat caries.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , China , Dental Caries , Epidemiologic Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion , Prevalence
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707625

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the ultrasound-guided diffuse optical tomography (DOT) distribution difference and clinical characteristics of T 1-T3 breast carcinoma. Methods Four hundred and forty-seven breast cancer patients with 455 breast lesions were enrolled.The lesion maximal diameter and total hemoglobin concentration(THC) were obtained by ultrasound-guided DOT before breast surgery biopsy.The patients age,body mass index(BMI),and the distances from lesion to skin and nipple were measured,lymph node status were also assessed.According to the 7th Edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging, all tumors were divided into T1( ≤ 2 cm),T2(2 cm < lesion ≤ 5 cm),and T3( > 5 cm) three groups according to maximum diameter on ultrasound.Results Out of 455 breast cancer lesions,148 lesions were stage T1,251 lesions were stage T2,56 lesions were T3.The age,lesion size,lesion THC and the distances between lesions and nipples of breast cancer patients were found that there were significant differences among T1,T2 and T3(all P = 0.000). With T stages increasing,the age of breast cancers patients decreased,the distance between lesions and nipples decreased,the THC increased.THC of breast cancer T 2 [(221.0 ± 56.0)μmol/L] and T3[(233.1 ± 54.0)μmol/L] were significant higher than that of T1 [(181.6 ± 70.4)μmol/L](all P = 0.000).There were all no significant difference for BMI and the distancefrom lesion to skin among different stages T( P > 0.05).With T stages increasing,the ratio of lymph node metastasis increased(T1 26.4%,T2 49.8%,T3 55.4%; P =0.000).Conclusions With breast cancer T stages increasing,T HC increases,the age of the patients decreases,lymph node metastasis rate increases.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705366

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the underlyingmechanism on the association of red blood cell and gut microbiota in rats induced by High-Fat Diet(HFD).METHODS A total of 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats (180±20g) were randomly divided into two groups. The control group (n=10) was given a normal chow diet(10% calories of fat),and the High-fat diet group(n=26)was given a HFD(60% calo-ries of fat).We recorded body weight,length and detected serum glucose,serum lipids and insulin ev-ery two weeks.The fresh arterial blood was collected during the experiments and blood gases were measured immediately (Radiometer Medical ApS, Denmark).Thehematocrit (Hct) and partial pressure of oxygen(pO2)were detected by the sensor cassette,following themanufacturer′s instructions.The de-tection method was conductivity measurements and current method, respectively. The feces from ce-cum were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing(Illumina Miseq,USA). RESULTS According to the insulin resistance(IR),body weight and body length,the model group was divided into two small groups.(1)IR group,in which IR,body weight and body length were higher than the control group (P<0.05). (2) un-IR group, body weight and body length were higher than the control group (P<0.05),but the IR was not significantly different.In addition,the levels of hematocrit(Hct),checktotalhe-moglobin (ctHb) and check total blood oxygen content (ctO2) showed significantly increased in the IR group when compared with the control group (P<0.05), however, the pO2was not statistically signifi-cant. Furthermore, we identified that the genus Lactobacillus was moderate positive correlation with Hct,ctHb and ctO2(P<0.05).Compared with the control group,the relative abundance of the Lactoba-cillus was significantly lower in IR group(P<0.05).CONCLUSION The high-fat diet induced rats′local tissue hypoxia under the red blood cell increasing,oxygen partial pressure constant and the reduction of Lactobacillus′abundance might be caused by aerobic oxidation and glycolysis inhibition in the meantime.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705363

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explorethe correlation betweenhypoxiaand insulin resistance bythe blood gas index in high-fat diets-induced obese rat model. METHODS 36% of high-fat diets were fed to SD male rats for 12 weeks. The model group was divided into IR group and non-IR group with the HOMA-IR index of the 12th week,and the abdominal aorta blood was taken for blood gas analysis. RESULTS The HOMA-IR index,Hct,ctHb and ctO2in IR group were significantly higher than those in normal group andnon-IR group(P>0.05),simultaneously no significant difference in pO2,pCO2and sO2 between tree groups.CONCLUSION Circulating blood of obese rat with insulin resistance is normoxia,accompanied by higher Hct,tHb and ctO2,which may be due to the higher blood viscositand the self-regulation of chronic hypoxia in the body.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704059

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and related characteristics of alcohol dependence in the Pumi people of Ninglang area in Yunnan Province.Methods By stratified multistage cluster randomization,542 residents were interviewed by psychiatrists using the structural questionnaire MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview.Results The prevalence of drinking in the study were 37.3%,13.6% and 22.5% for the male,female and the total sample.There were significant differences of alcohol dependence between males and females (x2 =304.310,P<0.01) in which males were significantly higher than those in females.The current prevalence of alcohol dependence in Pumi people was 4.8%(95%CI=3.0%-6.6%),and standardized current prevalence was 3.3%.The current prevalence of alcohol dependence in males was 9.3%,which was significantly higher than that (2.1%) in females (x2 =14.613,P<0.01).The prevalence of alcohol dependence in the Pumi people was 6.1% in the 21-30 years old,and 8.6% in the 51-60 years old.There were one case of major depression,one case of panic disorder,and five cases of insomnia.Conclusion The prevalence of alcohol dependence in Pumi people of Ninglang areas is high.Alcohol dependence has become one of the most common mental disorders and the public health problem.It is necessary to carry out prevention research in the future.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703561

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the capability of the emergency service at township hospitals in Fushun county and take emergency treatment of pesticide poisoning in Fushun as an example to measure the spatial accessibil-ity of the emergency service center. Methods:Gathered the heads of 26 township hospitals,using self compiled ques-tionnaire to collect emergency services data;basic data including administrative districts,hydrographic net,road net-work, population distribution and the position of the first aid post were collected, Travel cost method was used to quantitatively measure the emergency service spatial accessibility based on GIS platform. Results: The proportion of hospitals that are able to carry out rescue projects is low;it takes 13.57minutes on average from a residential area to a first aid post of pesticide poisoning in Fushun. The regions with poor accessibility of the first aid post are mainly distributed in the southwest boundary. Conclusion:The hardware and software level of emergency resources of town-ship hospitals in Fushun were lower;Township emergency network need to be improved;That using GIS to assess the accessibility of the first aid post is intuitive and easy to operate.

18.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 166-170, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697998

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the expression of silent information regulator 1(SIRT1)in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma,and its relationship with invasion and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its effect on survival and prognosis.Methods The clinical and pathological data of 104 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent radical esophagectomy at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January to December 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemical method (EnVision method) was used to detect the expression of SIRT1 in cancer tissues and adjacent tissues. The clinicopathological features of different SIRT1 expressions were compared. The factors affecting the prognosis of the patients with esophageal cancer were analyzed.Results The positive expression rate of SIRT1 protein was significantly higher in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma tissues than that in adjacent tissues(61.54% vs. 29.81%, χ2=21.100, P<0.05). The expression of SIRT1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was significantly correlated with vascular infiltration(VI),infiltration depth(pT),lymph node metastasis(pN)and clinical stage(pTNM)(P<0.05).Univariate survival analysis showed that the overall survival time(OS)was significantly lower in patients with SIRT1 positive expression than that of patients with negative expression(Log-rank χ2=10.065,P<0.05).SIRT1 positive expression, lymph node metastasis,deep tumor infiltration,late clinical stage and vascular infiltration showed poor prognosis(P<0.05). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that SIRT1 positive expression, lymph node metastasis, depth of invasion and clinical stage were independent prognostic factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The prognosis of patients with deep tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, late clinical stage and high expression of SIRT1 was worse. Conclusion SIRT1 is highly expressed in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and which is closely related to the invasion and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and has an effect on the prognosis of patients.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 313-315, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695186

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the dry eye prevalence, tear film function and corneal status in patients with thyroid associated ophthalmopathy ( TAO) .?METHODS: Totally 218 patients ( 436 eyes ) with TAO admitted to our hospital from September 2014 to August 2016 were selected and divided into two groups according to TAO's clinical activity score ( CAS): score≥ 4 divided into active patients, 72 cases of 144 eyes;score<4 points were inactive patients, a total of 146 cases of 292 eyes;according to the patient's course of the situation was divided into three groups, less than 1a for the short course of disease, a total of 133 cases of 266 eyes;course of disease in the 1-2a in the medium course group, there were 40 eyes of 80 eyes and 45 eyes of 90 eyes in more than 2a, as long course group. Contrast patients were examined by corneal fluorescein staining ( FL) , tear film break-up time ( BUT ) and tear secretion test ( SⅠt ) Happening.?RESULTS: In 218 patients, 138 cases of 276 eyes were diagnosed as dry eye. The prevalence rate of active period patients was higher than that of inactive patients, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). The prevalence rate in the short course group was higher than that of the middle course group and the long course group, and the difference was statistically significant compared with that in long course group (P<0. 05). There was no significant difference between any two of the three groups in BUT and SⅠt detection (P>0. 05), and the differences was statistically significant in the detection of FL (P<0. 05). The differences of FL, BUT and SⅠt between the inactive patients and the active patients were statistically significant (P<0. 05).? CONCLUSION: Most patients with TAO have inadequate tear secretion and tear film instability. The corneal epithelium of 1/3 TAO patients is damaged and the incidence of dry eye disease is significantly higher than that of normal subjects.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694117

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (c-JNK) signaling pathway on voltage-gated potassium channel (Kv) remodeling in left ventricular myocytes of diabetic rats,and explore the intrinsic regulatory mechanism.Methods Forty-five SD rats were randomly divided into DM group (n=25,modeling with streptozotocin induction) and control group (n=20,fed with normal diet).Transient outward potassium current (Ito) of rats' ventricular myocytes in DM group and control group was recorded by whole-cell patch-clamp method.The c-Jun activity was detected using a non-radioactive JNK kinase assay kit (Cell Signaling Technology).JNK inhibitor SP600125 was used to incubate the cardiomyocytes of diabetes rats in vitro,and then the changes of I,o in cardiomyocytes were observed.Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) inhibitor--auranofin (AF) was used to treat the rats' cardiomyocytes incubated with SP600125,and then the changes of Ito in cardiomyocytes were observed.The content of Kv4.2 was tested using anti-Kv4.2 antibody,and the results were analyzed using a UVP bioimaging system.Results The JNK activity in DM group rose more than 1 times compared with control group,while the density of Ito decreased significantly (Control:30.2 ± 3.3pA/pF,n=16;DM:15.3 ± 2.1pA/pF,n=17;P<0.05).The ventricular myocytes of DM rats were treated with SP600125 (10μmol/Lol/L) for 4 hours,then the Ito density increased to control group level (DM+SP600125:32.3 ± 3.7pA/pF,n=18;Control:30.2 ± 3.3pA/pF,n=16;P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the maximum Ito density between the treated with SP600125 (Control+SP600125:31.6 ± 3.4pA/pF,n=18) and untreated control groups.The Ito density in DM myocardial cells significantly increased after treatment with the membrane permeable protein inhibitor JNKI-1 (10μmol/L),and no changes were found in control group after the same treatment.The augmentation effect of SP600125 on Ito current in DM myocytes was significantly inhibited by TrxR inhibitor auranofin (lμmol/L) (DM+SP600125+AF:15.7 ± 3.3pA/pF,n=15),while AF did not change the Ito density in control group.The expression of Kv4.2 protein was significantly increased in DM rats after administration of SP600125,which was consistent with the changes of Ito current observed in the myocardium of DM rats,although not fully restored to the level of control group myocardium.JNK inhibitor did not markedly alter the expression of Kv4.2 protein in control group myocardium.Conclusions Kv channel remodeling in DM rat's myocardium is redox-regulated,and the Ito remodeling might be assisted with the persistent activation of c-JNK signaling pathway.It has showed that c-JNK activity is significantly increased in DM rat heart and the current density of Kv channels is reduced.The inhibition of JNK signaling pathway can markedly improve Kv channel reconstruction and the process may be regulated by thioredoxin system.

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