Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.632
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 253-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873659

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the functional connectivity between the visual brain regions and whole brain in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) at resting state, and to further analyze the correlation with their clinical manifestations.@*Methods@#The functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data of 34 boys with ASD enrolled from ASD designated rehabilitation institutions and 29 healthy boys enrolled from several kindergartens in Heilongjiang were collected. Based on the resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fc MRI) analysis, the BA17 of the primary visual brain region and the BA18/19 of the higher visual brain region were taken as the regions of interest (ROI) to calculate the functional connectivity level between the visual brain regions and whole brain, and the differences between the two groups were compared. Multiple developmental scales were used to evaluate the behavior of ASD children, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the relationship between functional connection strength and autistic behavior.@*Results@#The ASD group had decreased positive connectivity between BA17 and the right fusiform gyrus (FFG), and was negatively correlated with social interaction of ADI-R and the total scores of CARS (r=-0.41, -0.48, P<0.05); ASD group had decreased positive connectivity between BA17 and the left FFG, there was a negative correlation with social motivation of SRS (r=-0.43, P<0.05); ASD group had decreased positive connectivity between BA17 and the left posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG). Children with ASD had decreased positive connectivity between BA18/19 and left calcarine fissure and surrounding cortex (CAL), which was positively correlated with attention conversion of AQ, total scores of CARS (r=0.43, 0.40, P<0.05), and the children with ASD had deceased positive connectivity between BA18/19 and right precuneus (PCUN).@*Conclusion@#In resting state, the functional connectivity of primary and higher visual brain regions and whole brain of ASD children is different from that in healthy children, and there is a significant correlation between abnormal level and autistic behaviors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effects and mechanism of mannose-binding lectin(MBL) on autophagy during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and provide the feasibility for targeting autophagy to prevent obesity and related pathological conditions in natural immunity.Methods:3T3-L1 preadipocytes were cultured in vitro and induced to differentiation. Cell differentiation and lipid accumulation were analyzed by oil red O staining and CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of different concentrations of MBL (0, 1, 5, 10 μg/ml) on cell proliferation ability at different differentiation stages. Western blot was used to analyze the expression of MBL(10 μg/ml) on the key autophagy factors LC3B, Beclin1 and p62 protein at different stages of differentiation, and the changes of lipid droplet accumulation under the intervention of MBL were observed by oil red O staining. The protein and mRNA expression of autophagy key factors under the intervention of different concentrations of MBL were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR. And autophagy flow analysis based on autophagic degradation was used to further illustrate the autophagic activity. The expression and phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase(AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling molecules were analyzed by Western blot. Results:The results of oil red O staining showed that 3T3-L1 preadipocytes could achieve complete differentiation after 10 days of induction. CCK-8 showed that the concentration of MBL (1-10 μg/ml) in the experimental group had no effect on cell proliferation at different differentiation stages. During the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, Western blot and qRT-PCR showed that the expression of autophagy-related proteins and mRNA levels was enhanced in the MBL treated group, and presented a concentration-dependent relationship. Oil red O staining showed that the lipid droplets in adipocytes at different stages of differentiation are reduced to varying degrees under the intervention of MBL. Fluorescence microscopy results further confirmed that MBL enhanced the autophagy activity of adipocytes by increasing the synthesis of autophagosomes. Moreover, under the intervention of MBL, the phosphorylation level of AMPK was significantly up-regulated, while the phosphorylation level of mTOR was significantly down-regulated, also showing a concentration-dependent relationship.Conclusions:MBL accelerates the autophagy process during the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes through AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway, reduces lipid accumulation, providing a possible functional pathway for the treatment of obesity and related metabolic diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 113-120, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885486

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between metabolic acidosis and cardiac valve calcification in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in the Pearl River Delta Region.Methods:Patients on MHD greater than 3 months who were treated in 10 blood purification centers in the Pearl River Delta Region from July 1 to September 30, 2019 were selected for this multicenter cross-sectional study. Based on a Doppler ultrasound, MHD patients were further divided into non-valve calcification group and valve calcification group. The demographics data, frequency of dialysis, blood pressure, single pool Kt/V(spKt/V), dialysis medications and laboratory data were collected and compared. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between serum carbon dioxide combining power (CO 2CP) and cardiac valve calcification. Multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of cardiac valve calcification. Results:A total of 664 MHD patients were included in this study, with age of (57.0±14.2) years old and dialysis age of 43.0 (22.3, 71.7) months, including 395 males (59.5%) and 269 females (40.5%). Among them, there were 119 patients (17.9%) with diabetes and 186 patients (28.0%) with dialysis 2 times per week. There were 329 patients (49.5%) in the valve calcification group, and 335 patients (50.5%) in the non-valve calcification group. Compared to those in non-valve calcification group, valve calcification group had longer duration of dialysis, higher proportion of patients with dialysis 2 times per week, higher levels of diastolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, intact parathyroid hormone and ferritin, higher proportion of patients with blood CO 2CP<19 mmol/L (median CO 2CP), higher proportion of patients on usage of calcium channel blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker, α-receptor blocker, β-receptor blocker, calcitriol and lanthanum carbonate (all P<0.05), while the levels of spKt/V, hemoglobin, serum CO 2CP, corrected calcium, blood phosphorus, blood alkaline phosphatase, albumin, total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, transferrin saturation, and the proportion of patients on usage of sevelamer and cinacalcet were lower (all P<0.05). Spearman analysis showed significant negative correlation between serum CO 2CP and valve calcification ( rs=-0.697, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that dialysis performed twice a week ( OR=2.789, 95% CI 1.232-6.305, P=0.014), blood total cholesterol ( OR=1.449, 95% CI 1.014-2.071, P=0.042), CO 2CP<19 mmol/L ( OR=22.412, 95% CI 10.640-47.210, P<0.001) were the influencing factor of valve calcification in MHD patients. Conclusions:MHD patients with cardiac valve calcification have significant acid loading. Metabolic acidosis is an independent influencing factor for cardiac valve calcification in MHD patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885360

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) prescriptions in COVID-19 patients in Shanghai area.Methods:Two hundred and forty patients were enrolled in the study, including 19 mild cases, 199 moderate cases, 16 severe case and 6 critical cases. The COVID-19 formula in Shanghai area was extracted and input in TCM Inheritance platform. Data association method such as software association rules,improved mutual information method,complex system entropy clustering,unsupervised entropy hierarchical clustering were used to analyze the frequency,herb flavor and meridian, combination rule and core combination of different types of Chinese herbs in the treatment of COVID-19 in Shanghai area.Results:According to the frequency analysis of 240 prescriptions of Chinese medicine,194 herbs were found. The COVID-19 formula herbs were all "cold", the frequency of use in mild, moderate, severe and critical cases was [46.02%(104/226), 46.31%(1 230/2 656), 37.06%(146/394), 39.24%(31/79)]. The flavor was mainly "bitter" and the frequency of use in 4 types of disease were [36.53%(122/332), 37.33%(1 445/3 857), 35.96%(205/564), 33.62%(39/113)]. Scutellaria was the most frequently used TCM of "bitter and cold". The drugs used were mainly lung,stomach and spleen meridians. By comparing the formulas between mild and moderate cases,herb combinations with the highest frequency were all "scutellaria glycyrrhiza" and "tangerine glycyrrhiza". The formulas for 19 mild cases were collected,and 197 drug combinations were counted, and 125 Chinese medicine association rules,including 13 Chinese herbs. The formulas were extracted in 199 moderate cases of COVID-19, a total of 92 drug combinations and 38 Chinese medicine association rules were collected,including 19 Chinese herbs. In 16 severe cases, a total of 62 drug combination models and 46 Chinese medicine association rules were collected,including 17 Chinese herbs. For the 6 critical cases,80 Chinese medicine prescriptions were combined,and 10 Chinese medicine association rules, including 12 Chinese herbs.Conclusions:The herbal prescriptions of COVID-19 in Shanghai are characterized by clearing away heat and resolving dampness. By analyzing prescription rules with complex system entropy clustering, association compatibility ideas of different types of traditional Chinese medicine are found to be different among four types of COVID-19 cases. Analyzing the connection rules in formulas, by using the theory of TCM and pharmacology of traditional Chinese medical formula in different COVID-19 patients may be helpful for general practitioners.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery.Methods:The medical records of patients of both sexes, aged 18-80 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists(ASA) physical status Ⅰ-Ⅲ, transferred to PACU with tracheal intubation from January 2019 to January 2020, were retrospectively collected.Combined intravenous-inhalational anesthesia was used during surgery.The patient′s age, gender, ASA physical status, smoking history, drinking history, history of non-thoracic surgery, history of hypertension, history of diabetes mellitus, and history of immune system disease were collected.The operation method, type of operation, operation time, intraoperative nerve block and use of opioids and dexmedetomidine were also collected.The consumption of rescue analgesics during PACU, occurrence of nausea and vomiting, and length of stay in PACU were also collected.Patients were divided into moderate-to-severe pain group (VAS score>3 points) and non-moderate-to-severe pain group (VAS score≤3 points) according to the VAS scores at rest and during activity at 10 min after extubation in PACU.Logistic regression analysis was used to identity the risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU.Results:A total of 1 698 patients were included in this study, the incidence of moderate-to-severe pain at rest was 46.70%, and the incidence of moderate-to-severe pain during activity was 54.12%.The results of logistic regression analysis showed that female, radical resection of esophageal cancer, mediastinal surgery, internal fixation for rib/sternal surgery were risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU, and increasing age, endoscopic surgery, intraoperative use of nerve block and dexmedetomidine were protective factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Female, radical resection of esophageal cancer, mediastinal surgery, and rib/sternal surgery are risk factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery; increasing age, endoscopic surgery, intraoperative use of nerve block and dexmedetomidine are protective factors for moderate-to-severe pain in PACU in the patients undergoing thoracic surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 323-328, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884889

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the features of volume, distribution, grading and staging of prostate cancer(PCa)examined via whole-mount histopathology in transitional PCa.Methods:A total of 129 PCa patients undergone radical prostatectomy(RP)between July 2017 and March 2020 whose whole-mount prostate specimens were prepared after surgery were retrospectively studied.Pathological data on tumor locations, diameters and classification of the International Society of Urologic Pathology(ISUP), radiological data on regions of interest(ROI)and scores of the Prostate Imaging and Reporting Data System(PI-RADS v2)were recorded.The results of pathological whole-mount sections and prostate imaging were compared, and the characteristics and detection rates of lesions in different prostate regions were analyzed.Results:Of all 129 prostate specimens from RP, a total of 213 PCa lesions were detected through whole-mount histopathology.There were 21(9.9%)lesions involving both the peripheral zone(PZ)and the transition zone(TZ), with an average diameter of(2.82±0.71)cm.Of all lesions, 85(39.9%)involved PZ and 107(50.2%)involved TZ, with an average diameter of(1.36±0.81)cm and of(1.60±0.94)cm, respectively.The percentage of lesions involving TZ was higher than that lesions involving PZ, with larger diameters( P<0.05). Of 64 patients with complete MRI data, 105 PCa lesions were detected histopathologically by using whole mount sections, while 75 PCa lesions were detected by MRI, with a statistical difference( P<0.05). For lesions≥1.0 cm or lesions with an ISUP grade group≥2, the detection rate of MRI was lower in TZ lesions( P<0.05). Conclusions:PCa lesions within TZ account for a large proportion and have a relatively large tumor dimeter.PCa lesions within TZ are more likely to be missed in clinical examinations and on MRI, and clinicians should pay close attention during diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 255-259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884878

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress(OS)is one of the factors leading to vascular cognitive impairment(VCI). Reactive oxygen species(ROS)produced by Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase(NOX)is an important pathogenic molecule of VCI.Risk factors for VCI such as hyperglycemia and decomposition/re-implantation always increases an upstream NOX activation.Other risk factors such as advanced age, hypertension and stroke are the downstream damage caused by NOX-dependent ROS.The causes of VCI include both risk factors related to NOX and the cell damage caused by NOX-dependent ROS.Studies have shown that the inhibiting of NOX activity can reduce cognitive impairment and the risk factors in animal models of VCI.In this article, we review the research progress of the role and mechanism of NOX in VCI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884632

ABSTRACT

Liver is the most common metastatic organ in patients with advanced colorectal cancer. Once colorectal cancer liver metastasis (CRLM) occurs, the prognosis will be poor. Therefore early detection of CRLM has a great clinical significance for improving the prognosis of CRLM patients. Surgical resection of primary and metastatic lesion is the only possible curable option for CRLM, translational therapy, interventional therapy and multidisciplinary team also provide more treatment ideas. Long non-coding RNA, cancer stem cells and phosphatidylinositide-3-kinases/protein kinase B signaling pathway reveal the main mechanism of CRLM from different aspects. This article reviews the recent advances in the early diagnosis, treatments and main mechanisms of CRLM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of visual feedback coaching method, which is embedded in an optical surface monitoring system, in deep inspiration breath holding during the radiotherapy in left breast cancer patients after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Thirty patients with left breast cancer, who were scheduled to receive the whole breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery, met the requirements of deep inspiration breath holding after respiratory coaching with the visual feedback coaching module in the optical surface monitoring system. Active breathing control equipment was used to control breath-holding state and CT simulation was performed. During treatment, optical surface monitoring system was used to guide radiotherapy. All patients were randomly divided into two groups. In group A ( n=15), visual feedback respiratory training method was utilized and not employed in group B ( n=15). In group A, the visual feedback coaching bar of the optical surface monitoring system was implemented, while audio interactive method was employed to guide patients to hold their breath. Real-time data of optical body surface monitoring were used to compare the interfraction reproducibility and intrafraction stability of breath holding fraction between two groups. Besides, the number of breath holding and treatment time per fraction were also compared. GraphPad prism 6.0 software was used for data processing and mapping, and SPSS 21.0 software was used for analyzing mean value and normality testing. Results:Compared with the control group, the reproducibility in the experiment group was reduced from 1.5 mm to 0.7 mm, the stability was reduced from 1.1 mm to 0.8 mm, the mean number of breath holding required per fraction was decreased from 4.6 to 2.4, the mean beam-on time per fraction from 336 s to 235 s, and the treatment time per fraction was shortened from 847 s to 602 s (all P<0.05), respectively. Conclusions:The application of visual feedback coaching method can improve the reproducibility and stability of breath holding during radiotherapy for left breast cancer, and it can also effectively reduce the number of breath holding and shorten the treatment time per fraction.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884247

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric fracture is the most common hip fracture. Due to severe osteoporosis and high degree of fracture comminution, initial implant failure or nonunion occasionally occurs. It is still controversial how to formulate a more effective strategy for revision and fixation after failed primary operation for patients who have high functional needs and/or long-life expectancy. Common surgical procedures include angle-stabilized extramedullary plate systems (dynamic condylar screw or dynamic hip screw), cephalomedullary nail systems (proximal femoral nail antirotation, InterTAN, and trochanteric fixation nail advanced) with/without medial augmentation plate. For patients with intertrochanteric fracture who have suffered from primary operation failure, the basic principle for revision is to mechanically reconstruct the stable triangular structure of the proximal femur in order to improve the mechanical stability of the fracture ends as much as possible so that fracture healing and early functional exercise can be ensured. This paper reviews the clinical and biomechanical studies published, analyzes the mechanical factors responsible for failure of initial surgery, summarizes revision strategy and clinical prognosis, and provides our clinical experience and technical innovations, hoping to help clinicians in choosing an optimal revision strategy.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884246

ABSTRACT

Advances in surgical techniques and internal fixation materials have been continuously improving treatment of intertrochanteric fractures, but postoperative failure of internal fixation is inevitable and its causes are still controversial. An advanced age, female and severe osteoporosis are believed to lead to an unstable fracture and a fall more likely, increasing the risk for failure of internal fixation. Unstable intertrochanteric fractures such as comminuted fracture of medial femur, basicervical fracture, reverse intertrochanteric fracture and lateral wall fracture are more likely to lead to internal fixation failure. Non-anatomical reduction, improper insertion point and poor position of a lag screw are also prone to internal fixation failure. Extramedullary fixation for unstable fractures may increase the risk of failure. Long waiting time for surgery, late weight-bearing and infection may also increase the risk of failure. Therefore, it is still crucial for a successful treatment to clarify the specific risk factors for internal fixation failure and make corresponding countermeasures to enhance the success rate of a primary operation. This paper summarizes the risk factors for postoperative failure of internal fixation for intertrochanteric fracture so as to provide guidance for clinical treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of hospitalization for pregnant women with influenza A.Methods:From December 2018 to February 2019, 261 pregnant women with influenza A were admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University. The clinical data of age, gestational period, underlying diseases, time from onset to treatment, white blood cell count and lymphocyte count of these patients were collected. Data of out-patients were compared with those of inpatients. Chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of hospitalization in pregnant women with influenza A.Results:Among the 261 cases of pregnancy with influenza A, 36 cases (13.79%) were hospitalized, of which 10 (27.78%) were hospitalized due to severe influenza complications, the other 26 cases (72.22%) were hospitalized due to pregnancy related adverse events. The proportions of hospitalized patients with age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, combined with underlying diseases and lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L were 75.00%(27/36), 83.33%(30/36), 16.67%(6/36) and 50.00%(18/36), respectively, which were significantly higher than those of out-patients (47.11%(106/225), 35.56%(80/225), 0.89%(2/225) and 13.22%(16/121), respectively; χ2=9.66, 29.05, 26.00 and 22.12, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportions of inpatients and out-patients with white blood cell count ≥4×10 9/L were 97.22%(35/36) and 97.52%(118/121), respectively, and there was no significant difference ( χ2=0.01, P=0.921). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age ≥30 years (odds ratio ( OR)=5.181, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.628-16.489, P=0.005), gestational period ≥28 weeks ( OR=11.054, 95% CI 3.233-37.796, P<0.01), lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L ( OR=6.864, 95% CI 2.237-20.729, P=0.001), and time from onset to treatment <24 h ( OR=0.076, 95% CI 0.012-0.468, P=0.005) were the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A. Conclusion:Age ≥30 years old, gestational period ≥28 weeks, lymphocyte count <1×10 9/L and time from onset to treatment <24 h are the influencing factors for hospitalization of pregnant women with influenza A.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883663

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activity and its clinical characteristics in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). Methods:From January 2016 to August 2017, patients with HFRS who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were routinely tested by EBV serology, and were divided into two groups according to their presence or absence of EBV infection, namely EBV active group and non-EBV active group. The clinical data between the two groups were compared and analyzed by SPSS 18.0.Results:A total of 188 HFRS patients were enrolled, including 73 cases in EBV active group and 115 cases in non-EBV active group. The EBV active rate of HFRS patients was 38.83% (73/188). The incidences of lumbago [57.53% (42/73) vs 42.61% (49/115)], abdominal pain [42.47% (31/73) vs 20.00% (23/115)], skin and mucosa congestion [57.53% (42/73) vs 39.13% (45/115)], and conjunctiva edema [50.68% (37/73) vs 28.70% (33/115)] in EBV active group were significantly higher than those in non-EBV active group (χ 2 = 3.983, 11.008, 6.083, 9.239, P < 0.05). There were 10, 7 and 43 patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) stage 1, 2 and 3 in EBV active group and 5, 13 and 53 patients in non-EBV active group. Degree of AKI in EBV active group was higher than that in non-EBV active group, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 12.615, P < 0.05). In EBV active group, the proportion of patients whose renal function recovery over 15 days [23.29% (17/73)] and white blood cell count [11.26 (3.39 ~ 54.23) × 10 9/L] were significantly higher than those in non-EBV active group [6.96% (8/115), 10.03 (2.91 ~ 66.99) × 10 9/L], and the differences were statistically significant (χ 2 = 10.330, Z = - 2.003, P < 0.05). Conclusion:HFRS patients may cause latent EBV activity, complicate their clinical features, cause severe renal damage and prolong the recovery time of renal function.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883614

ABSTRACT

Standardized residency training is a systematic, standardized and homogeneous project. With the continuously increasing requirements for fine management, the management of standardized residency training is facing enormous challenges, and the construction of management information system is imperative. This paper introduces the basic modules design and application experience of management information system for standardized residency training in training hospitals, aiming at improving work efficiency, standardizing process management and ensuring training quality.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883435

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of changing operator on the detection rate of colorectal polyps during surgery in patients who had been diagnosed with colorectal polyps by electronic colonoscopy for the first time.Methods:From June 2016 to June 2019, the patients who had been diagnosed with colorectal polyps by electronic colonoscopy for the first time, they were performed by electronic colonoscopy for the second time after 3 months by 5 doctors in the No.946 Hospital of PLA who had engaged in endoscopic work longer and been with rich experience. The results of the electronic colonoscopy were recorded and compared.Results:Fived hundred and seventy-six patients were found have colorectal polyps through electronic colonoscopy for the first time. Among them, 423 patients came to the hospital within 3 months and were eligibled for the research. The detection rate of newly detected polyps by the same operator was 22.7%(96/423), after changing the operator, the detection rate became 24.3% (103/423), but there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). The detection rates of newly detected polyps were respectively 20.8% (220/1 059) and 25.9%(294/1 133), the proportion of newly detected polyps with diameter ≤ 5 mm was respectively 73.6%(162/220) and 82.0%(241/294), the ratio of flat polyps to total newly detected polyps was 71.8%(158/220) and 79.9%(235/294), and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). The proportion of polyps in sigmoid colon was respectively 35.0% (77/220) and 39.1%(115/294), and there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). Conclusions:For patients with colorectal polyps detected by electronic colonoscopy, the operator should be changed during surgery, so that more missed polyps can be detected during surgery, especially flat polyps with diameter ≤ 5 mm. The operator should be changed to improve the detection rate and reduce the probability of missed diagnosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the biocompatibility of fibrin sealant (FS) and human corneal fibroblasts (HCFs) obtained by small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).Methods:The human corneal stromal tissues were selected from corneal stromal lens in 24 eyes of 12 patients underwent SMILE in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from March to April 2018.HCFs were isolated and cultured in vitro within 1 hour after the corneal stromal lens were extracted and the growth status of HCFs on FS surface was observed.HCFs were divided into 2-fold leaching solution group and normal control group, and the cells in the two groups were treated with 2-fold leaching solution or complete medium according to grouping, respectively.The apoptosis of HCFs in the two groups was observed by acridine orange (AO)/ethidium bromide (EB) double staining.The proliferation of HCFs in the two groups was assayed by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method.HCFs in logarithmic phase were divided into 2-fold leaching solution group, normal control group, and the cells were treated with 2-fold leaching solution or complete medium according to grouping, respectively.In addition, a blank control group without HCFs was also set and treated with complete medium.The absorbance value and relative growth rate of HCFs in the three groups were compared.HCFs in logarithmic phase were divided into 1-fold leaching solution group, 2-fold leaching solution group and normal control group, and the cells were treated with 1-fold leaching solution, 2-fold leaching solution or complete medium culture according to grouping, respectively.The apoptosis of HCFs in the three groups was compared by Annexin V-FITC/PI flow cytometry, and the cytotoxicity of the three groups was graded.Written informed consent was obtained from each patient before the operation.The study protocol adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University (No.2018[022]). Results:HCFs grew well on FS surface and the morphology was normal.MTT assay showed that HCFs in the 2-fold leaching solution group and the normal control group had a similar proliferation tendency, and the toxicity index of HCFs in the 2-fold leaching solution group was graded 0-1 at 0-72 hours after changing solution.After AO/EB staining, the HCFs in the 2-fold leaching solution group and the normal control group were normal, and only a small amount of early apoptotic cells were observed.Flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rates of the normal control group, once leaching solution group and the double leaching solution group were (4.96±1.09)%, (3.66±1.35)% and (2.88±0.66)%, respectively, with no significant difference among them ( F=2.89, P=0.13). Conclusions:FS has no cytotoxicity and has good biocompatibility with HCFs in vitro.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy of conformal sphincter preservation operation (CSPO) versus intersphincteric resection (ISR) in the treatment of low rectal cancer.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 183 patients with low rectal cancer who were admitted to two medical centers (117 in the Changhai Hospital of Naval Medical University and 66 in the Huashan Hospital of Fudan University) from August 2011 to April 2020 were collected. There were 110 males and 73 females, aged (57±11)years. Of 183 patients, 117 cases undergoing CSPO were allocated into CSPO group, and 66 cases undergoing ISR were allocated into ISR group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups; (2) postoperative complications of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups; (3) follow-up; (4) influencing factors for prognosis of patients with low rectal cancer; (5) influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, questionnaire and telephone interview to determine local recurrence, distal metastasis, survival, stomal closure, satisfaction with the anal function of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data was analyzed using the rank sum test.The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves, and life table method was used to calculate survival rates. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate analysis was performed using the linear regression. Variables with P<0.10 in the univariate linear regression analysis were included for multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed using the COX stepwise regression model and linear regression analysis. Results:(1) Surgical situations of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups: cases with laparoscopic surgery, operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, distance from tumor to distal margin, cases with postoperative chemotherapy, duration of postoperative hospital stay were 44, (165±54)minutes, (142±101)mL, (0.6±0.4)cm, 76, (6.6±2.5)days for the CSPO group, respectively, versus 55, (268±101)minutes, (91±85)mL, (1.9±0.6)cm, 9, (7.9±4.7)days for the ISR group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=35.531, t=8.995, -3.437, -3.088, χ2=44.681, t=2.267, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative complications of patients with low rectal cancer in the two groups: 19 patients in the CSPO group had complications. There were 6 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 12 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 1 case with grade Ⅲb complication. Fourteen patients in the ISR group had complications. There were 4 cases with grade Ⅰ complications, 7 cases with grade Ⅱ complications, 1 case with grade Ⅲa complication, 2 cases with grade Ⅲb complications. There was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between the two groups ( χ2=0.706, P>0.05). Patients with complications in the two groups were improved after symptomatic and supportive treatment. There was no perioperative death in the postoperative 30 days of the two groups. (3) Follow-up: 183 patients received follow-up. Patients of the CSPO group and ISR group were followed up for (41±27)months and (37±19)months, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=-1.104, P>0.05). There were 2 cases with local recurrence and 9 cases with distal metastasis of the CSPO group, respectively, versus 3 cases and 4 cases of the ISR group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.277, 0.170, P>0.05). The 3-year disease-free survival rate and 3-year total survival rate were 84.0% and 99.0% for the CSPO group, versus 88.6% and 92.8% for the ISR group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=0.218, 0.002, P>0.05). The stomal closure rate was 92.16%(94/102) and 96.97%(64/66) for 102 patients of CSPO group and 66 patients of ISR group up to postoperative 12 months,respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.658, P>0.05). Of the 8 cases without stomal closure in the CSPO group, 2 cases refused due to advanced age, 4 cases subjectively refused, and 2 cases were irreducible due to scar caused by radiotherapy. Two cases in the ISR group had no stomal closure including 1 case of postoperative liver metastasis and 1 case of subjective refusal. There were 92 and 61 patients followed up to 12 months after stomal closure, of which 75 cases and 38 cases completed questionnaires of satisfaction with the anal function. The satisfaction score with the anal function was 6.8±2.8 and 5.4±3.0 for CSPO group and ISR group, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups ( t=-2.542, P<0.05). Fifty-four cases in the CSPO group and 21 cases in the ISR group had satisfaction score with the anal function >5, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=3.165, P>0.05). (4) Influencing factors for prognosis of patients with low rectal cancer: results of COX stepwise regression analysis showed that gender and pT staging were independent influencing factors for disease-free survival rate of patients with low rectal cancer ( hazard ratio=2.883, 1.963, 95% confidence interval as 1.090 to 7.622, 1.129 to 3.413, P<0.05). Gender and pT staging were independent influencing factors for total survival rate of patients with low rectal cancer ( hazard ratio=10.963,3.187, 95% confidence interval as 1.292 to 93.063, 1.240 to 8.188, P<0.05). (5) Influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer: results of univariate analysis showed that surgical method and tumor differentiation degree were related factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer (partial regression coefficient=1.464, -1.580, 95% confidence interval as 0.323 to 2.605, -2.950 to -0.209, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that surgical method, tumor differentiation degree and preoperative radiotherapy were independent influencing factors for satisfaction with the anal function of patients with low rectal cancer (partial regression coefficient=1.637, -1.456, -1.668, 95% confidence interval as 0.485 to 2.788, -2.796 to -0.116, -2.888 to -0.447, P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with ISR, CSPO can safely preserve the anus in the treatment of low rectal cancer, without increasing the incidence of postoperative complications, which can also guarantee the oncological safety and improve the postoperative anal function.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883220

ABSTRACT

The robotic surgical system can provide a stable, clear and magnified three-dimensional view, filter the surgeon's hand tremor, and hold robotic arms with multiple degrees of freedom to ensure flexible and stable operations, which overcomes the shortcomings of traditional laparoscopy. Although the robotic surgical system has been widely used in surgical fields such as urology, obstetrics and gynecology, its role in hepatic surgery has not been fully recognized. In this article, based on the relevant literatures and their own experience, the authors briefly discuss the indications of the application of robotic surgical system in liver surgery, safety and efficacy of robotic liver resection, learning curve of robotic hepatectomy, difficult robotic hepatectomy, the cost of robotic liver resection and other issues.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883109

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Jieyu Anmian prescription of Chinese medicine foot bath on gastrointestinal function in patients with digestive system tumor during perioperative period.Methods:A total of 130 patients with digestive system tumors were chosen from January 2019 to March 2020 for the first time visits to the first hospital of lanzhou university for surgical treatment, 15 cases lost follow-up, and the rest 115 cases of patients were divided into the experimental group (59 cases) and the control group (56 cases) according to random number table method. The control group using conventional care method, the experimental group was treated with Jieyu Anmian washing formula on the basis of routine nursing care for 10 days. During the foot bath, the recovery of gastrointestinal function, the time of the first exhaust and defecation, the length of stay, the cost of stay and the satisfaction of patients were compared between the two groups.Results:The recovery time of bowel sounds, anal exhaust time and first defecation time of the experimental group were all earlier than those of the control group (16.21±11.81) h, (19.64±12.40) h and (41.98 ±19.16) h, respectively, while those of the control group were (27.34±31.47) h, (35.81±18.26) h and (34.47±16.41) h, respectively. The differences were statistically significant ( t value was -2.41, -5.33, 2.17, P< 0.05). The results of the survey of patient satisfaction showed that the experimental group was superior to the control group, with 97.47 ± 4.37 in the experimental group and 94.19 ± 3.29 in the control group, with statistically significant differences ( t value was 3.89, P<0.01). The satisfaction of doctors in the experimental group was 97.41 ± 6.25 and 94.21±5.91 in the control group, with statistically significant difference ( t value was 3.95, P<0.05). The satisfaction of nurses in the experimental group was 97.58 ± 4.53 and 93.85±5.23 in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 4.12, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of length of stay and hospitalization expenses ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Jieyuanmian prescription of Chinese medicine foot bath can promote the recovery of gastrointestinal function, promote the exhaust and defecation, and improve the satisfaction of patients and nurses.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882855

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sublingual immunotherapy on children with mite allergic rhinitis.Methods:Four hundred and ninety patients with mite allergic rhinitis have been recruited by Beijing Children′s Hospital from March 2014 to September 2019 and divided into 4 groups of young children group, different treatment duration group, individualized dose adjustment group and multiple allergy evaluation group, the clinical scores of total nasal symptoms score (TNSS), visual analogue scale scores (VAS) and total medication score were recorded at the first visit, 12 months, 24 months and 36 months after treatment, and the combined symptom and medication score(CSMS) score was calculated.Results:A total of 374 patients (76.32%) completed this study.Among them, the CSMS(2.20±1.61, 2.50±1.78), TNSS(2.80±2.32, 3.60±2.71) and VAS(3.50±1.16, 3.90±1.43) in ≤3-year-old group and children over 3-year-old group of young children set after use of 12 months were significantly lower than the score at the first time of diagnosis (respectively CSMS: 4.50±1.44, 5.30±1.32; TNSS: 6.20±1.89, 7.50±2.19; VAS: 5.40±2.33, 5.90±1.61). In addition, in the duration and efficacy set, the patients who completed the immunotherapy for 36 months can only be observed in the 3-year group, the scores were TNSS(0.90±0.97), VAS (1.30±1.19), CSMS (1.70±1.28); the scores of patients who completed the immunotherapy for 24 months in 2-year group and 3-year group were TNSS (2.10±0.95, 2.00±0.97), VAS (3.00±1.56, 3.10±1.68) and CSMS (3.10±1.15, 2.90±1.19) and the patients who completed 12-month immunotherapy were scored in 1-year group, 2-year group and 3-year group with TNSS(3.20±1.27, 3.10±1.41, 3.20±1.41), VAS(4.50±2.11, 4.70± 2.19, 4.50±2.17) and CSMS(4.20±1.39, 3.70±1.32, 4.10±1.39) respectively; patients with poor efficacy in sublingual immunotherapy achieved a score similar to the control group after 6 months of dose adjustment (equals to 12 months after treatment), that were CSMS(2.90±1.56, 2.90±1.88, 2.40±1.69), TNSS(4.70±2.98, 3.90±2.77, 3.80±2.45) and VAS(4.20±1.29, 4.50±1.65, 4.20±1.14) of 4 drops group, 5 drops group and control group; sublingual immunotherapy for patients with multiple allergens for 2 years finally achieved similar efficacy to patients with single allergen, with CSMS (2.30±0.50, 2.10±1.01, 1.90±1.01), TNSS (3.50±2.62, 3.70±2.62, 3.20±2.82) and VAS (4.50±1.00, 4.10±1.57, 3.80±1.54) in single allergen group, combined with 1-2 allergens group and combined with 3+ allergens group.Conclusions:Sublingual immunotherapy plays a corresponding role in the treatment of low-age children, multiple allergy children, and some children get better after dose adjustment.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL