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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 193-197, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012466

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the current situation and related factors of AIDS discrimination among junior medical students in Jiangxi Province, so as to provide a reference for effective AIDS anti discrimination intervention measures in medical colleges.@*Methods@#Using a convenience sampling approach, 2 484 medical students were selected from five universities in Jiangxi Province from July to August 2023. An anonymous survey was conducted using a general information questionnaire, a AIDS knowledge questionnaire, and the Chinese version of Zelaya s AIDS Stigma Scale. Independent sample t-tests and analysis of variance were carried out to analyze the level of AIDS discrimination among medical students with different characteristics. Multiple stepwise regression analysis was performed to identify the related factors of AIDS discrimination.@*Results@#The total score of AIDS discrimination among medical students was (2.55±0.67). The dimension with the highest score was fear of contracting the disease (2.89±1.01). The results of the multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that the factors related to AIDS discrimination included gender ( β = -0.17 ), grade ( β =-0.08), being an only child or not ( β =-0.04), whether knowing about AIDS knowledge or not ( β =0.22), willingness to use condoms during sexual activity ( β =0.07), willingness to participate in school sexual health knowledge based activities ( β =0.05) and the perceived importance of selfhealth ( β =0.11) ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#AIDS discrimination is prevalent among junior medical students in Jiangxi Province. Efforts should be undertaken to enhance humanistic education and relevant knowledge dissemination among junior medical students to reduce the level of AIDS discrimination.

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 68-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970757

ABSTRACT

Enamel formation is a series of complex physiological processes, which are regulated by critical genes spatially and temporally. These processes involve multiple developmental stages covering ages and are prone to suffer signal interference or gene mutations, ultimately leading to developmental defects of enamel (DDE). Epigenetic modifications have important regulatory roles in gene expression during enarnel development. New technologies including high-throughput sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq), and DNA methylation chip are emerging in recent years, making it possible to establish genome-wide epigenetic modification profiles during developmental processes. The regulatory role of epigenetic modification with spatio-temporal pattern, such as DNA methylation, histone modification and non-coding RNA, has significantly expanded our understanding of the regulatory network of enamel formation, providing a new theoretical basis of clinical management and intervention strategy for DDE. The present review briefly describes the enamel formation process of human beings' teeth as well as rodent incisors and summarizes the dynamic characteristics of epigenetic modification during enamel formation. The functions of epigenetic modification in enamel formation and DDE are also emphatically discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epigenesis, Genetic , Developmental Defects of Enamel , DNA Methylation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Dental Enamel
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 40-49, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970753

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of nicotine on the morphology, structure of offspring's dental germ, enamel organ and other dental tissues and the further potential epigenetic mechanisms by establishing prenatal nicotine exposure mouse model. Methods: Ten C57BL/6 pregnant mice were randomly divided into control group (physiological saline subcutaneous injection) and prenatal nicotine exposure (PNE) group (nicotine subcutaneous injection) by using a random number table. Postnatal day 0 (P0), postnatal day 14 (P14) and postnatal day 25 (P25) offspring mice were collected for subsequent experiments. The offspring mice were divided into offspring control group and offspring PNE group according to the maternal group respectively. Weights of P0 and P25 offspring mice were recorded. Micro-CT, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Vickers hardness test were performed to analyze the related parameters of hard tissues including alveolar bones and mandibular incisors. Total RNAs were extracted from mandible tissues and the third generation of dental epithelial stem cells (DESC) in P25 mice. The relative expression levels of osteogenic and ameloblastic differentiation related genes were measured by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Immunohistochemical stainings of paraffin sections were then performed to observe the distribution and expression level of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Pcna), amelogenin (Amelx), histone H3 trimethylated at lysine 27 (H3K27me3) and enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays were used to detect the cell viabilities of DESCs after administrations of different concentrations of nicotine (0.01, 0.1, 1 mmol/L) and GSK126 (an inhibitor of histone methyltransferase Ezh2). Results: Compared with the control group, pregnant mice in PNE group were more likely to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as significantly lower offspring body weight [P0: offspring control (1.20±0.04) g, offspring PNE (0.99±0.02) g, P<0.001; P25: offspring control (15.26±1.70) g, offspring PNE (9.65±1.32) g, P<0.001] and increased stillbirths rate [offspring control (0), offspring PNE (46.40±9.30) %, P<0.001]. At P14 and P25, the distance parameters between the enamel mineralized deposits of mandibular incisors and the mesial surface of the first molar in offspring PNE group [P14: (-1 349±45) μm; P25: (-1 192±147) μm] was significantly decreased compared with the control group [P14: (-506±380) μm, P25: (504±198) μm] (P<0.05, P<0.001). The enamel column and enamel column stroma of incisors in offspring PNE group were blurred, arranged loosely and disorderly than those in the control group, while the microhardness of incisor enamel in offspring PNE group [(245.7±18.4) MPa] was significantly lower compared to the control group [(371.9±28.7) MPa] (P<0.001). HE staining showed disordered pre-ameloblast (Pre-Am) arrangement and delayed mineralization deposition point in offspring PNE group compared with the control group, while the length of transit-amplifying cell (TA) and Pre-Am region were prolonged as well. Immunohistochemical staining results displayed that the overall Pcna (P<0.05), H3K27me3 (P<0.01), Ezh2 (P<0.01) expression of labial cervical loop (LaCL) in PNE group were increased, while the positive signal of Amelx in ameloblast cytoplasm was impaired. In vitro, the addition of 1 mmol/L nicotine could significantly upregulate the expression level of Pcna (P<0.01) and downregulate the expression levels of B lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1 (P<0.05), leucine rich repeats and immunoglobulin like domains 1 (P<0.05), Amelx (P<0.01). In addition, 1 mmol/L nicotine could also significantly enhance the proliferation activity of DESCs (P<0.001). Addition of 10 μmol/L GSK126, could rescue the proliferation activation effect of 1 mmol/L nicotine on DESCs. Conclusions: PNE may delay the process of enamel formation and lineage differentiation, leading to the abnormal proliferation of DESCs and changes of epigenetic modification state in H3K27me3, which affect the development of enamel in offspring mice,suggesting PNE might be one of risk environmental factor for tooth development.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Mice , Animals , Nicotine/toxicity , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Histones , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Dental Enamel
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2601-2607, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of chlorogenic acid on the activation of macrophage induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and to explore the role of triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2) in the action. METHODS To find a suitable LPS concentration, the cells were cultured with 1, 10 and 100 ng/mL LPS for 24 h. The level of interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the cell culture supernatant and protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the cells were detected. To search for a suitable chlorogenic acid concentration, the cells were divided into control group, LPS group and three chlorogenic acid (0.01, 0.1 and 1 μmol/L)+LPS groups. The levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and IL-1β in the cell culture supernatant, the protein expressions of iNOS and TREM2 in the cells and cell viability were detected. To observe the effects of TREM2 in chlorogenic acid alleviating macrophage activation, TREM2-small interfering RNA (TREM2-siRNA) was taken to intervene in TREM2 protein expression. The cells were divided into control group, LPS group, chlorogenic acid+LPS group, TREM2-siRNA+chlorogenic acid+LPS group and SC-siRNA+chlorogenic acid+LPS group. After 24 h incubation, the levels of TNF- α and IL-1β in the cell culture supernatant and protein expressions of TREM2, iNOS and nuclear factor κB p65 (NF-κB p65) in the cells were detected. RESULTS 10 ng/mL LPS promoted IL-6 release and increased iNOS protein expression, and 10 ng/mL LPS was taken in the next experiments. Compared with the LPS group, 0.1 μmol/L chlorogenic acid decreased TNF-α jiaji1981@126.com and IL-1β levels, and down-regulated iNOS expression,meanwhile increased TREM2 expression without effect on cell viability, and 0.1 μmol/L chlorogenic acid was taken in the next experiments. Compared with the control group, the protein expressions of iNOS and NF- κB p65 in the LPS group were significantly increased (P<0.05); compared with the LPS group, the protein expressions of iNOS and NF- κB p65 in the chlorogenic acid+LPS group were significantly decreased, the protein expressions of TREM2 was significantly increased (P< 0.05); compared with the chlorogenic acid+LPS group, the protein expressions of iNOS and NF-κB p65 of TREM2-siRNA+ chlorogenic acid+LPS group were significantly increased, the protein expressions of TREM2 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). TREM2-siRNA could significantly reverse the above effects of chlorogenic acid, while SC-siRNA did not significantly affect the above anti-inflammatory effects of chlorogenic acid. CONCLUSIONS Chlorogenic acid can inhibit the LPS-induced macrophage activation, and its anti-inflammatory may be mediated by TREM2 protein.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 472-477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995406

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the changes of biliary microbiota after enteral extended biliary stents (EEBS) implantation with that of conventional plastic stents in animal experiment, and to preliminarily investigate its possible mechanism in preventing stents occlusion.Methods:A total of 12 healthy Bama minipigs were randomly assigned to the conventional plastic stent group ( n=6) and the EEBS group ( n=6) using simple random method. The bile samples of all pigs were collected before stents implantation and 4 weeks after stents placement. The biliary microbiota composition and diversity before and after different stents implantation were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and compared. Results:No complications including acute cholangitis, perforation, bleeding, or death occurred in 12 pigs. Eight days after stents implantation, stents were out of bile duct in all pigs under endoscopy, while the bile samples were collected again for analysis. The main composition of biliary microbiota at the phylum level were Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Bacteroidota. Alpha-diversities revealed the Shannon ( P=0.004) and Simpson index ( P=0.008) significantly decreased in the conventional stent group after stents placement, and Bata diversity analysis also showed a significant difference in microbial composition (Anosim: R=0.514 8, P=0.011). There was no significant difference in Observed species index ( P=0.095), Chao1 index ( P=0.136), Shannon index ( P=0.353), Simpson index ( P=0.227) or Bata diversity (Anosim: R=0.059 3, P=0.187) in the EEBS group before and after stents placement. LEfSe algorithm indicated Bacteroides_ fragilis and Proteobacteria- Gammaproteobacteria- Enterobacterales- Enterobacteriaceae- scherichia_ Shigella- Escherichia_ coli significantly increased in the conventional stent group, and Desulfobacterota- Desulfovibrionia- Desulfovibrionales- Desulfovibrionaceae- Bilophila significantly increased in the EEBS group after stents placement. Conclusion:The biliary microbiota change slightly after EEBS implantation in the short-term, and EEBS may prevent duodenobiliary reflux by prolonging the reflux path.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 115-122, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995263

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the antimicrobial resistance and genomic characteristics of Salmonella enterica serovar Derby strains isolated from human and food sources in Hangzhou. Methods:A total of 60 Salmonella enterica serovar Derby strains isolated in Hangzhou during the period from 2015 to 2020 were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing and whole-genome sequencing. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST), core genome multilocus sequence typing (cgMLST) and the identification of antimicrobial resistance genes were performed using the sequencing data. Phylogenetic tree based on the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites in the 60 genomes from Hangzhou and 379 genomes from public databases was constructed. Results:No significant difference was observed in the drug resistance rates between the clinical strains and food strains in Hangzhou. The multidrug resistance (MDR) rate was 76.7% (46/60). All of the 60 Salmonella Derby strains were positive for the antimicrobial resistance genes aac(6′)- Iaa and fosA7. The 60 strains were subtyped into 46 molecular types by PFGE and 53 molecular types by cgMLST(HC2). Except for one strain belonging to ST3220, the other Salmonella Derby strains were ST40. The phylogenetic analysis showed that some strains isolated in Hangzhou were close to the strains in Southeast Asia, suggesting the possibility of cross-border transmission of ST40 strains, with the main food sources being pork and fish; other strains were close to those circulating in Beijing, Guangzhou, Hubei, Chongqing and other provinces, suggesting the possibility of cross-province transmission of the strains, with the main food sources being pork, beef and chicken. Conclusions:The epidemic of Salmonella Derby in Hangzhou was mainly caused by the spread of ST40 strains and MDR was common. Clinical infections might be closely related to the consumption of pork, beef, chicken and fish. There was the possibility of cross-border transmission of Salmonella Derby between Hangzhou and Southeast Asia and cross-province transmission in China.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 575-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995142

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of weekly gestational weight gain (GWG) in women with obesity and its correlation with the risk of macrosomia.Methods:Clinical data of women with singleton pregnancy and pre-pregnancy body mass index (PPBMI) ≥28 kg/m 2 were retrospectively analyzed, from January 2014 to December 2019, in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital). The participants were divided into three groups based on their PPBMI: group A (28-<30 kg/m 2), group B (30-<32 kg/m 2), and group C (≥32 kg/m 2). The study compared the characteristics of GWG among the three groups, explored the correlation between the weekly weight gain during each gestational stage and the risk of macrosomia, and discussed the impacts of the GWG pattern in women with different PPBMI on the risk of macrosomia. Chi-square (or Fisher's exact), Kruskal-Wallis, and Mann-Whitney U tests were performed for statistical analysis. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the impact of weekly weight gain in specific gestational stages on macrosomia. Results:(1) A total of 2 046 participants were included in the study, with 982 in group A, 588 in group B, and 476 in group C. For all of the 2 046 cases, the median PPBMI was 30.1 kg/m 2 (29.0-31.9 kg/m 2), GWG was 10.5 kg (7.3-14.0 kg), and neonatal birth weight was 3 520 g (3 215-3 816 g) with 60 (2.9%) ≥4 500 g, and the biggest baby weighed 5 580 g. Out of the births analyzed, macrosomia occurred in 318 cases (15.5%). (2) Among the three groups (A, B and C), the differences in maternal age [32.0 years (29.0-35.0 years), 32.0 years (29.0-35.0 years) and 32.0 years (29.0-34.0 years), H=6.58] and women with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus [0.9% (9/982), 0.3% (2/588) and 1.9% (9/476), χ2=6.61] were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (3) The weekly weight gain in each group exhibited a gradual upward trend before 20-24 weeks, reached a plateau at 24-32 weeks, peaked at 32-36 weeks, and subsequently declined. The weekly weight gain of group A in the pre-pregnancy to 14 weeks [0.14 kg/week (0.00-0.25 kg/week)], 14 to 20 weeks [0.25 kg/week (0.17-0.42 kg/week)], and 20 to 24 weeks [0.38 kg/week (0.25-0.63 kg/week)] were higher than those of group B [0.07 kg/week (-0.03-0.21 kg/week), 0.25 kg/week (0.10-0.42 kg/week), and 0.38 kg/week (0.22-0.60 kg/week)], respectively ( Z value was-3.73,-2.16, and-2.01, all P<0.05). Likewise, the weekly weight gain of group B in the above three stages were all higher than those of group C [0.07 kg/week (-0.10-0.21 kg/week), 0.17 kg/week (0.05-0.33 kg/week), and 0.25 kg/week (0.08-0.50 kg/week)], respectively ( Z value was-2.55,-3.28, and-3.25, all P<0.05). (4) The risk of macrosomia increased with the weekly weight gain in specific gestational stages in different PPBMI groups. In group A, the stages correlated with increased risk were 14-20 weeks [adjusted odd ratio ( aOR)=2.669, 95% CI: 1.378-5.169] and 20-24 weeks ( aOR=1.764, 95% CI: 1.143-2.723), while the stages were 20-24 weeks ( aOR=2.149, 95% CI: 1.156-3.996) and 36 weeks until delivery ( aOR=1.888, 95% CI: 1.268-2.810) in group B, and pre-pregnancy to 14 weeks ( aOR=3.515, 95% CI: 1.158-10.665) and 14-20 weeks ( aOR=3.021, 95% CI: 1.058-8.628) in group C (all P<0.05). The risk of macrosomia increased when the weekly weight gain of both risk-related stages in group A ( aOR=2.255, 95% CI: 1.029-4.940) ≥50th percentile, and group B ( aOR=4.399, 95% CI: 1.017-19.023) ≥75th percentile, and for group C ( aOR=3.404, 95% CI: 1.004-11.543) when the weekly weight gain above 25th percentile (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Weekly GWG demonstrates an observable gradual acceleration pattern in women with obesity. Therefore, clinical attention should be directed towards monitoring fluctuations in the weekly weight gain in this population, as excessive weekly weight gain before 24 gestational weeks is associated with an elevated risk of macrosomia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 102-108, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on perioperative and oncological outcomes after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal urinary diversion.Methods:Clinical data of bladder cancer patients undergoing robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into three groups according to BMI, including 61 cases in normal group (<25.0 kg/m2), 52 cases in overweight group (25.0-29.9 kg/m2) and 33 cases in obese group (≥30.0 kg/m2). In the normal group, the median age was 73.6(59, 79), including 45 male(73.8%), with 51 cases(83.6%) of ASA score 0-2, 10 cases (16.4%)of 3 or higher, and 10 cases (16.4%) undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Past medical history included smoking in 34 cases (55.7%), hypertension in 19 cases (31.1%), diabetes in 10 cases (16.4%), heart disease in 12 cases (19.7%), and abdominal surgery in 6 cases (9.8%). In the overweight group, the median age was 69.7(60, 78), including 38 male (73.1%), with 25 cases (48.1%)of ASA score 0-2, 27 cases (51.9%) of 3 or higher, and 9 cases (17.3%) undergoing received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Past medical history included smoking in 30 cases (57.7%), hypertension in 20 cases (38.5%), diabetes in 10 cases (19.2%), heart disease in 9 cases (17.3%), and abdominal surgery in 5 cases (9.6%). In the obses group, the median age was 69.9(61, 78), including 21 male(63.7%), with 20 cases (60.6%)of ASA score 0-2, 13 cases(39.4%) of 3 or higher, 9 cases (27.3%) undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Past medical history included smoking in 18 cases (54.5%), hypertension in 17 cases (51.5%), diabetes in 19 cases (57.6%), heart disease in 7 cases (21.2%), and abdominal surgery in 4 cases (12.1%). After statistical comparison among the three groups, it was found that the proportion of patients with hypertension and diabetes in the obesity group and overweight group was higher than that in the normal group (all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in other factors (all P>0.05). During the surgical process, robot-assisted radical cystectomy and bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection were performed firstly. The scope of lymph node dissection was divided into standard range and expanded range, and the diversion was divided into orthotopic neobladder and ileal bladder. During the orthotopic neobladder process, 40-50 cm ileum at the distance of 15 cm away from ileocecum was obtained by stapler, and then the U-shaped neobladder was made, and the new bladder was anastomosed with urethra and bilateral ureter. For ileal bladder, the ileum was cut off 15cm away from the ileocecum with stapler to obtain the 15 cm ileum to prepare the ileal conduit and restore the continuity of the ileum. The bilateral ureteral spacing 3cm was implanted on the ileal conduit. In the normal group, standard range lymphatic dissection was performed in 20 cases (32.8%), enlarged dissection in 41 cases (67.2%), orthotopic neobladder in 22 cases(36.1%), and ileal conduit in 39 cases (63.9%). In the overweight group, standard range lymphatic dissection was performed in 12 cases (23.1%), enlarged dissection in 40 cases (76.9%), orthotopic neobladder in 26 cases (49.1%), and ileal conduit in 26 cases (50.9%). In the obesity group, the standard range of lymphatic dissection was performed in 7 cases (21.2%), enlarged dissection in 26 cases (78.7%), orthotopic neobladder in 7 cases (21.2%), and ileal conduit in 26 cases (78.8%). There was no significant difference among the three groups (all P>0.05). Compared the operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative exhaust time, postoperative time of taking solid food, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative complications (according to the Clavien-Dindo grading system, postoperative complications are reported inⅠ-Ⅱ grade as mild complications and above Ⅲ grade as serious complications) and pathology results in three groups. Results:All cases successfully underwent robotically without conversion or major intraoperative complications. The operation time in overweight and obsess group were longer than that of normal group with RARC or orthotopic neobladder [310(250, 350) min, 370(310, 420) min, 250(230, 310) min, ( P<0.05)], but there was no significant difference in RARC and ileal conduit[270(220, 300) min, 280(230, 300) min, 240(220, 290)min, P>0.05]. The estimated blood loss in overweight and obsess group was more than that in normal group [230(150, 450)ml, 310(250, 600)ml, 190(100, 350)ml, P<0.05], but there was no difference in blood transfusion rate [4(7.7%), 2(6.1%), 5(8.2%), P>0.05]. The exhaust time [2(1, 3) days, 2(1, 4)days, 2(1, 4)days], postoperative solid food intake time [4(3, 5)days, 4(3, 6)days, 4(3, 6)days] and the hospital stay[10(5, 16)days, 10(6, 17)days, 12(6, 20)days] were not different in three groups(all P>0.05). The mild complication rates in 90 days were significant higher in overweight and obsess groups[28 (53.8%), 16(48.5%), 20(32.8%), P<0.05], but the total and severe complication rates were not significantly different. The incidences of urinary system complications and incision complications in obese and overweight patients were significantly higher than those in normal group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of gastrointestinal complications and ureteral anastomosis-related complications (stricture or urinary leakage)( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of dissected lymph node, positive lymph node, positive rate of incisional margin and postoperative pathological stage among three different BMI groups(all P>0.05). Conclusion:Robot-assisted radical cystectomy combined with intracorporeal urinary diversion is a safe and effective method for the treatment of overweight, obese and even morbidly obese patients with bladder cancer. The recovery of intestinal function and the oncological results are not affected by body mass index. However, laparoscopic radical cystectomy for overweight and obese patients, especially for orthotopic neobladder, has the risk of long operation time, large amount of intraoperative bleeding and increased risk of minor postoperative complications.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 475-479, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between body mass index (BMI) and the incidence of thyroid nodules, the clinical characteristics and efficacy evaluation of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), respectively.Methods:Clinical data of 1 375 healthy people (1 031 males, 344 females, age: (43.5±10.6) years) who underwent routine physical examination (PE) and 1 450 patients (490 males, 960 females, age: (44.3±12.4) years) with medium-high risk DTC in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from April 2016 to July 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. PE and DTC patients were classified into underweight group (BMI<18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight group (18.5≤BMI<24.0 kg/m 2), overweight group (24.0≤BMI<28.0 kg/m 2) and obesity group (BMI≥28.0 kg/m 2) respectively. χ2 test was employed to analyze the relation between BMI and thyroid nodules (with/without), BMI and clinical characteristics and efficacy evaluation of DTC, respectively. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the independent risk factors for the occurrence of thyroid nodules and the aggressiveness of DTC. Results:Among PE, there were 779 cases with nodules, and 596 cases without nodules. Comparing with those without nodules, more overweight and obese were found in PE cases with nodules (42.1%(328/779) vs 37.2%(222/596), 24.5%(191/779) vs 20.5%(122/596); χ2=13.42, P=0.004). Higher risk of developing thyroid nodules was related with older age and lower thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level (odds ratio ( OR): 1.044, 0.919, 95% CI: 1.029-1.060, 0.845-0.999; P<0.001, P=0.046). People with high-risk nodules were more likely to be obese than those with intermediate and lower risk nodules (5/15 vs 24.3% (186/764); χ2=21.11, P<0.001). Among 1 450 DTC patients, comparing with patients with normal weight, patients in the overweight and obesity groups were more likely to have central regional lymph node metastasis ( OR: 1.418, 1.427, 95% CI: 1.075-1.870, 1.044-1.952; P values: 0.013, 0.026), and patients in obese group were with greater risk of lesions being bilateral ( OR=0.696, 95% CI: 0.519-0.934; P=0.016). BMI was not related with the efficacy evaluation of DTC ( χ2=9.13, P=0.425). Conclusions:The incidence of thyroid nodules in people with high BMI is higher. DTC patients with high BMI may have more aggressive incidence. But BMI has no correlation with the efficacy evaluation of DTC patients after treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 230-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993584

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study whether male was the risk factor for prognosis of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) after 131I treatment based on propensity score matching (PSM) method. Methods:From April 2016 to January 2021, 1 677 patients (age: 11-84 (43.9±12.5) years) with DTC who underwent total thyroidectomy and received 131I treatment in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively enrolled and patients were divided into male group ( n=546) and female group ( n=1 131). The evaluation results of patients were divided into excellent response (ER), indeterminate response (IDR), biochemical incomplete response (BIR) and structural incomplete response (SIR). Among them, ER and IDR were divided into good prognosis group, and BIR and SIR were divided into poor prognosis group. The PSM method was adopted to process all data to reduce the influence of data bias and confounding variables. χ2 test was used for data analysis. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting prognosis, and ROC curve was used to analyze the relationship between stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) level and poor prognosis. Results:Before PSM, the proportion of male patients with poor prognosis was significantly higher than that of female patients (21.2%(116/546) vs 14.0%(158/1 131); χ2=17.53, P=0.001). After PSM, there was no difference in the proportion of poor prognosis between male and female groups (19.9%(107/537) vs 15.6%(84/537); χ2=5.43, P=0.143). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that male (odds radio ( OR)=1.439 (95% CI: 1.016-2.038), P=0.040), high T stage(T3+ T4 stage)( OR=1.816 (95% CI: 1.273-2.590), P=0.001), N1b stage ( OR=1.766 (95% CI: 1.233-2.530), P=0.002), M1 stage ( OR=9.833 (95% CI: 3.190-30.309), P<0.001) and sTg level ( OR=1.035 (95% CI: 1.029-1.042), P<0.001) were risk factors for poor prognosis before PSM, while high T stage (T3+ T4 stage)( OR=1.870 (95% CI: 1.212-2.886), P=0.005), M1 stage ( OR=8.993 (95% CI: 2.434-33.225), P=0.001), sTg level ( OR=1.040 (95% CI: 1.030-1.049), P<0.001) were still risk factors, and N1b stage ( OR=1.459 (95% CI: 0.938-2.270), P=0.094), male ( OR=1.383 (95% CI: 0.912-2.096), P=0.127) were no longer risk factors for poor prognosis after PSM. ROC curve analysis showed that the cut-off value of sTg was 10.25 μg/L, with the sensitivity of 81.0%(222/274) and the specificity of 84.2%(1 181/1 403). Conclusions:After reduction of selection bias by PSM, male is no longer a risk factor for prognosis after 131I treatment of DTC. In addition, high T stage(T3+ T4 stage), M1 stage and sTg≥10.25 μg/L were risk factors for poor prognosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 665-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of the improved team-based learning (TBL) teaching method in the undergraduate probation course of ophthalmology based on the goal of cultivating excellent doctors.Methods:The undergraduates of clinical medicine were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The control group ( n=50) was given conventional ophthalmology probation teaching, while the experimental group ( n=50) was given ophthalmology probation teaching of improved TBL teaching method. The theoretical examination performance and skill assessment results of students in the two groups were compared, and the subjective evaluation of the students on the teaching was also compared. SPSS 23.0 was used to conduct t-test and Wilcoxon's rank sum test. Results:The theoretical examination performance of experimental group (29.68±4.52) was better than that of control group (27.84±4.33), with significant differences ( P<0.05); the skill assessment results of experimental group (32.88±5.05) were also better than those of the control group (30.88±6.99), with significant differences ( P<0.05); the subjective evaluation of teaching effect in each item of experimental group was better than that of control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The improved TBL teaching method can not only improve students' theoretical knowledge and experimental skills, but also improve students' self-study and teamwork ability, which will provide a feasible educational reform plan for achieving the goal of cultivating excellent doctors.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 247-249, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with case-based learning (CBL) and clinical pathway (CP) teaching methods in standardized residency training in department of hepatobiliary surgery.Methods:A total of 64 residents who received the standardized residency training in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery in Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to July 2019 were selected and divided into the observation group and the control group. The control group used PBL + CBL teaching methods, while the observation group adopted PBL + CBL + CP teaching methods. The after-department examination scores and the teaching cognition scores of the two groups were compared. SPSS 15.0 was used for t-test and Chi-square test. Results:The after-department examination scores of the two groups were compared. Compared with the control group, the examination scores of professional theories, case analysis and operation skills in the observation group were significantly higher, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 6.98, 7.85, 7.01, P < 0.05). In terms of recognition of teaching, the observation group was significantly higher than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 9.14, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The PBL + CBL + CP teaching is conducive to the comprehensive and systematic mastery of knowledge and the rapid establishment of scientific clinical thinking. It has a strong scientific and systematic nature and is worthy of promotion.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 49-55, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of duodenal bulbar microbiota in children with duodenal ulcer and Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection. Methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled 23 children with duodenal ulcers diagnosed by gastroscopy who were admitted to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and vomiting from January 2018 to August 2018. They were divided into Hp-positive and Hp-negative groups according to the presence or absence of Hp infection. Duodenal bulbar mucosa was sampled to detect the bacterial DNA by high-throughput sequencing. The statistical difference in α diversity and β diversity, and the relative abundance in taxonomic level between the two groups were compared. Microbial functions were predicted using the software PICRUSt. T-test, Rank sum test or χ2 test were used for comparison between the two groups. Results: A total of 23 children diagnosed with duodenal ulcer were enrolled in this study, including 15 cases with Hp infection ((11.2±3.3) years of age, 11 males and 4 females) and 8 cases without Hp infection ((10.1±4.4) years of age, 6 males and 2 females). Compared with Hp-negative group, the Hp-positive group had higher Helicobacter abundance (0.551% (0.258%, 5.368%) vs. 0.143% (0.039%, 0.762%), Z=2.00, P=0.045) and lower abundance of Fusobacterium, Streptococcus and unclassified- Comamonadaceae (0.010% (0.001%, 0.031%) vs. 0.049% (0.011%, 0.310%), Z=-2.24, P=0.025; 0.031% (0.015%, 0.092%) vs. 0.118% (0.046%, 0.410%), Z=-2.10, P=0.036; 0.046% (0.036%, 0.062%) vs. 0.110% (0.045%, 0.176%), Z=-2.01, P=0.045). Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) effect sized showed that at the genus level, only Helicobacter was significantly enriched in Hp-positive group (LDA=4.89, P=0.045), while Streptococcus and Fusobacterium significantly enriched in Hp-negative group (LDA=3.28, 3.11;P=0.036,0.025, respectively). PICRUSt microbial function prediction showed that the expression of oxidative phosphorylation and disease-related pathways (pathways in cancer, renal cell carcinoma, amoebiasis, type 1 diabetes mellitus) in Hp-positive group were significantly higher than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05), while the expression of pathways such as energy metabolism and phosphotransferase system pathways were significantly lower than that in Hp-negative group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: In children with Hp-infected duodenal ulcers, the mucosal microbiota of the duodenal bulb is altered, characterized by an increased abundance of Helicobacter and a decreased abundance of Clostridium and Streptococcus, and possibly alters the biological function of the commensal microbiota through specific metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Duodenal Ulcer/diagnosis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Helicobacter pylori/genetics , Prospective Studies , Microbiota
14.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 169-170, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965005
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1851-1857, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981403

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the role of asparagine endopeptidase(AEP) gene in the biosynthesis mechanism of cyclic peptide compounds in Pseudostellaria heterophylla. The transcriptome database of P. heterophylla was systematically mined and screened, and an AEP gene, tentatively named PhAEP, was successfully cloned. The heterologous function verification by Nicotiana benthamiana showed that the expression of the gene played a role in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the cDNA of PhAEP was 1 488 bp in length, encoding 495 amino acids with a molecular weight of 54.72 kDa. The phylogenetic tree showed that the amino acid sequence encoded by PhAEP was highly similar to that of Butelase-1 in Clitoria ternatea, reaching 80%. The sequence homology and cyclase active site analysis revealed that the PhAEP enzyme may specifically hydrolyse the C-terminal Asn/Asp(Asx) site of the core peptide in the HA linear precursor peptide of P. heterophylla, thereby participating in the ring formation of the linear precursor peptide. The results of real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR) showed that the expression level of PhAEP was the highest in fruits, followed by in roots, and the lowest in leaves. The heterophyllin A of P. heterophylla was detected in N. benthamiana that co-expressed PrePhHA and PhAEP genes instantaneously. In this study, the PhAEP gene, a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla, has been successfully cloned, which lays a foundation for further analysis of the molecular mechanism of PhAEP enzyme in the biosynthesis of heterophyllin A in P. heterophylla and has important significance for the study of synthetic biology of cyclic peptide compounds in P. heterophylla.


Subject(s)
Genes, vif , Phylogeny , Plant Leaves/genetics , Peptides, Cyclic , Cloning, Molecular , Caryophyllaceae/genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2926-2938, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981241

ABSTRACT

Dracaena marginata is a widely cultivated horticultural plant in the world, which has high ornamental and medicinal value. In this study, the whole genome of leaves from D. marginata was sequenced by Illumina HiSeq 4000 platform. The chloroplast genome were assembled for functional annotation, sequence characteristics and phylogenetic analysis. The results showed that the chloroplast genome of D. marginata composed of four regions with a size of 154 926 bp, which was the smallest chloroplast genome reported for Dracaena species to date. A total of 132 genes were identified, including 86 coding genes, 38 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes. Codon bias analysis found that the codon usage bias was weak and there was a bias for using A/U base endings. 46 simple sequence repeat and 54 repeats loci were detected in the chloroplast genome, with the maximum detection rate in the large single copy region and inverted repeat region, respectively. The inverted repeats boundaries of D. marginata and Dracaena were highly conserved, whereas gene location differences occurred. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that D. serrulata and D. cinnabari form a monophyletic clade, which was the closest relationship and conformed to the morphological classification characteristics. The analysis of the chloroplast genome of D. marginata provides important data basis for species identification, genetic diversity and chloroplast genome engineering of Dracaena.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Dracaena , Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Base Sequence , Genes, Plant
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1596-1608, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981156

ABSTRACT

Fusobacterium nucleatum is an opportunistic pathogenic bacterium that can be enriched in colorectal cancer tissues, affecting multiple stages of colorectal cancer development. The two-component system plays an important role in the regulation and expression of genes related to pathogenic resistance and pathogenicity. In this paper, we focused on the CarRS two-component system of F. nucleatum, and the histidine kinase protein CarS was recombinantly expressed and characterized. Several online software such as SMART, CCTOP and AlphaFold2 were used to predict the secondary and tertiary structure of the CarS protein. The results showed that CarS is a membrane protein with two transmembrane helices and contains 9 α-helices and 12 β-folds. CarS protein is composed of two domains, one is the N-terminal transmembrane domain (amino acids 1-170), the other is the C-terminal intracellular domain. The latter is composed of a signal receiving domain (histidine kinases, adenylyl cyclases, methyl-accepting proteins, prokaryotic signaling proteins, HAMP), a phosphate receptor domain (histidine kinase domain, HisKA), and a histidine kinase catalytic domain (histidine kinase-like ATPase catalytic domain, HATPase_c). Since the full-length CarS protein could not be expressed in host cells, a fusion expression vector pET-28a(+)-MBP-TEV-CarScyto was constructed based on the characteristics of secondary and tertiary structures, and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21-Codonplus(DE3)RIL. CarScyto-MBP protein was purified by affinity chromatography, ion-exchange chromatography, and gel filtration chromatography with a final concentration of 20 mg/ml. CarScyto-MBP protein showed both protein kinase and phosphotransferase activities, and the MBP tag had no effect on the function of CarScyto protein. The above results provide a basis for in-depth analysis of the biological function of the CarRS two-component system in F. nucleatum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Histidine Kinase/metabolism , Fusobacterium nucleatum/metabolism , Automobiles , Protein Kinases/genetics , Escherichia coli/metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms
18.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 517-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current clinical evidence on the effects of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) on improving blood pressure control comes entirely from developed countries. Thus, we performed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether HBPT plus support (patient education and clinician remote hypertension management) improves blood pressure control more than usual care (UC) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#This single-center, randomized controlled study was conducted in Beijing, China. Patients aged 30-75 years were eligible for enrolment if they had blood pressure [systolic (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg; or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg with diabetes]. We recruited 190 patients randomized to either the HBPT or the UC groups for 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were blood pressure reduction and the proportion of patients achieving the target blood pressure.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 172 patients completed the study, the HBPT plus support group ( n = 84), and the UC group ( n = 88). Patients in the plus support group showed a greater reduction in mean ambulatory blood pressure than those in the UC group. The plus support group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved the target blood pressure and maintained a dipper blood pressure pattern at the 12th week of follow-up. Additionally, the patients in the plus support group showed lower blood pressure variability and higher drug adherence than those in the UC group.@*CONCLUSION@#HBPT plus additional support results in greater blood pressure reduction, better blood pressure control, a higher proportion of dipper blood pressure patterns, lower blood pressure variability, and higher drug adherence than UC. The development of telemedicine may be the cornerstone of hypertension management in primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Hypotension
19.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 25-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986774

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tianmeng Oral Liquid in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia caused by antipsychotics in female patients with schizophrenia, and to provide references for intervention of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia patients. MethodsEnglish databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO and Embase) and Chinese databases (CNKI and Wanfang) were systematically searched, with a search time frame of the period from database creation to September 16, 2022. Randomized controlled studies (RCTs) on adjunctive Tianmeng Oral Liquid in the treatment of hyperprolactinemia caused by antipsychotics in female patients with schizophrenia were included. Three investigators independently screened the literatures and extracted data according to PICOS principles and evaluated the quality of including literatures, and the Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3. ResultsA total of 3 articles including 256 female schizophrenic patients with hyperprolactinemia were included. Meta-analysis results showed that at the treatment endpoint, the improvement of hyperprolactinemia symptoms reported a significant superiority of the intervention group than the control group (RR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.07~2.79, P˂0.05). Similarly, the significant superiority of the intervention group than the control group were also found in reducing serum prolactin levels (WMD=-55.17, 95% CI: -68.16~-42.18, P<0.01) and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total scores were lower in the intervention group than in the control group (WMD=-7.36, 95% CI: -8.94~-5.77, P<0.01). ConclusionTianmeng Oral Liquid may help improve clinical efficacy and reduce serum prolactin levels in female schizophrenia patients with hyperprolactinemia. It may improve psychiatric symptoms in female patients with schizophrenia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 600-605, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985916

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between genetic polymorphisms of cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) and the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication therapy in children. Methods: The retrospective cohort study was conducted on 125 children with gastroscopy and positive rapid urease test (RUT) from September 2016 to December 2018 who presented to the Children's Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine due to gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloating, acid reflux, heartburn, chest pain, vomiting blood and melena. Hp culture and drug susceptibility test were carried out with gastric antrum mucosa before treatment. All the patients completed 2 weeks of standardized Hp eradication therapy and had 13C urea breath test 1 month after that, which was used to evaluate the curative effect. The DNA of gastric mucosa after RUT was analyzed and CYP2C19 gene polymorphism was detected. Children were grouped according to metabolic type. Combined with the results of Hp culture and drug susceptibility, the relationship between CYP2C19 gene polymorphism and the efficacy of Hp eradicative treatment was analyzed in children. Chi square test was used for row and column variables, and Fisher exact test was used for comparison between groups. Results: One hundred and twenty five children were enrolled in the study, of whom 76 were males and 49 females. The genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 in these children found poor metabolizer (PM) of 30.4% (38/125), intermediate metabolizer (IM) of 20.8% (26/125), normal metabolizer (NM) of 47.2% (59/125), rapid metabolizer (RM) of 1.6% (2/125), and ultrarapid metabolizer (UM) of 0. There were statistically significant in positive rate of Hp culture among these groups (χ2=124.00, P<0.001). In addition, the successful rates of Hp eradication in PM, IM, NM and RM genotypes were 84.2% (32/38), 53.8% (14/26), 67.8% (40/59), and 0, respectively, with significant differences (χ2=11.35, P=0.010); those in IM genotype was significantly lower than that in PM genotype (P=0.011). With the same standard triple Hp eradicative regimen, the successful rate of Hp eradication for IM type was 8/19, which was lower than that of PM (80.0%, 24/30) and NM type (77.3%, 34/44) (P=0.007 and 0.007, respectively). There was a significant difference in the efficacy of Hp eradication treatment among different genotypes (χ2=9.72, P=0.008). According to the clarithromycin susceptibility result, the successful rate of Hp eradication treatment for IM genotype was 4/15 in the sensitive group and 4/4 in the drug-resistant group (χ2=6.97, P=0.018). Conclusions: The genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 in children is closely related to the efficacy of Hp eradication treatment. PM has a higher successful rate of eradication treatment than the other genotypes.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19/genetics , Helicobacter pylori , Retrospective Studies , Genotype , Abdominal Pain
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