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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907053

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for human papillomavirus ( HPV ) vaccine hesitancy among female university students based on the precaution adoption process model (PAPM), so as to provide the evidence for improving the coverage of HPV vaccine in this population. @*Methods @#HPV vaccine hesitant female students were selected using a cluster sampling method from Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, and randomly assigned to the PAPM group and control group. Students in the PAPM group received PAPM-based interventions for HPV vaccine hesitancy, while students in the control group were given routine interventions. The HPV-related knowledge, HPV vaccine-related knowledge and HPV vaccine hesitancy scores were collected from both groups prior to interventions ( T0 ), 0 ( T1 ), 1 ( T2 ) and 3 months post-interventions ( T3 ), and the effectiveness of interventions was evaluated using analysis of variance for repeated measures.@*Results @#There were 147 students in the PAPM group and 141 students in the control group. In the PAPM group, 36.73% of the students majored in medical sciences, and 48.23% were freshmen; in the control group, 39.72% majored in medical sciences, and 50.35% were freshmen. The mean scores of HPV- and HPV vaccine-related knowledge were significantly greater in the PAPM group than in the control group, respectively ( T1, 5.29 vs. 4.91; T2, 4.27 vs. 4.22; T3, 4.22 vs. 4.04; P<0.05 ); however, no significant differences were detected in the HPV vaccine hesitancy scores between the two groups, respectively ( T1, 2.98 vs. 2.95; T2, 3.07 vs. 3.07; T3, 3.08 vs. 2.97; P>0.05 ). The mean scores of the confidence dimension ( T1, 3.37 vs. 3.23; T2, 3.48 vs. 3.40; T3, 3.38 vs. 3.25 ) and the dimension of influence by others ( T1, 3.44 vs. 3.33; T2, 3.42 vs. 3.37; T3, 3.46 vs. 3.27 ) were significantly greater in the PAPM group than in the control group (P<0.05), while the mean scores of the complacency dimension were significantly lower in the PAPM group than in the control group ( T1, 1.98 vs. 2.03; T2, 2.06 vs. 2.20; T3, 2.18 vs. 2.15; P<0.05 ).@*Conclusions @#PAPM-based interventions for HPV vaccine hesitancy may effectively improve the awareness of HPV and HPV vaccines, reduce complacency, and enhance the influence by others among female university students.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917000

ABSTRACT

Background@#Brucella infection induces brucellosis, a zoonotic disease. The intracellular circulation process and virulence of Brucella mainly depend on its type IV secretion system (T4SS) expressing secretory effectors. Secreted protein BspJ is a nucleomodulin of Brucella that invades the host cell nucleus. BspJ mediates host energy synthesis and apoptosis through interaction with proteins. However, the mechanism of BspJ as it affects the intracellular survival of Brucella remains to be clarified. @*Objectives@#To verify the functions of nucleomodulin BspJ in Brucella's intracellular infection cycles. @*Methods@#Constructed Brucella abortus BspJ gene deletion strain (B. abortus ΔBspJ) and complement strain (B. abortus pBspJ) and studied their roles in the proliferation of Brucella both in vivo and in vitro. @*Results@#BspJ gene deletion reduced the survival and intracellular proliferation of Brucellaat the replicating Brucella-containing vacuoles (rBCV) stage. Compared with the parent strain, the colonization ability of the bacteria in mice was significantly reduced, causing less inflammatory infiltration and pathological damage. We also found that the knockout of BspJ altered the secretion of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1β, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ) in host cells and in mice to affect the intracellular survival of Brucella. @*Conclusions@#BspJ is extremely important for the circulatory proliferation of Brucella in the host, and it may be involved in a previously unknown mechanism of Brucella's intracellular survival.

3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 402-409, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285714

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Ultrasound sonography provides a quick method for determining which nodule to sample for fine needle aspiration biopsy in thyroid nodules. On the other hand, the computed tomography examination is not restricted by echo attenuation and distinguishes between benign and malignant nodules. Objective To compare computed tomography examinations against ultrasound/fine needle aspiration biopsy in the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Methods Data regarding computed tomography examinations, sonographic finding following fine needle aspiration biopsy, and tumor histology of 953 nodules from 698 patients who underwent thyroidectomy were collected and analyzed. The beneficial score for detection of the malignant tumor for each adopted modality was evaluated. Results Ultrasound images did not show a well-circumscribed solid mass in 89 nodules, and ultimately did not detect nodules in fine needle aspiration biopsies (false positive non-malignant nodules). Ultrasound images showed parenchymatous disease (false positive malignant nodules) in several nodules. Computed tomography examinations demonstrated higher difficulty in detection of malignant nodules of 1.0-2.0 cm size than ultrasound examination following fine needle aspiration biopsies; compared to tumor histological data, computed tomography examinations had a sensitivity of 0.879. Conclusion Computed tomography examinations are a more reliable method for differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules than ultrasound examinations followed by fine needle aspiration biopsy. Level of Evidence III.


Resumo Introdução A ultrassonografia é um método rápido para determinar de qual nódulo se deve coletar uma amostra para biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina. Por outro lado, o exame de tomografia computadorizada não é restringido pela atenuação do eco e distingue entre nódulos benignos e malignos. Objetivo Comparar exames tomográficos versus biópsia por ultrassonografia/aspiração por agulha fina no diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos tireoidianos. Método Dados sobre exames tomográficos, achados ultrassonográficos após biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina e histologia tumoral de 953 nódulos de 698 pacientes submetidos à tireoidectomia foram coletados e analisados. O escore de benefício para detecção do tumor maligno para cada modalidade adotada foi avaliado. Resultados As imagens de ultrassom não mostraram uma lesão sólida bem circunscrita em 89 nódulos; e na análise final não foram detectados nódulos nas biópsias por aspiração com agulha fina (nódulos não malignos falsos positivos). As imagens ultrassonográficas mostraram doença parenquimatosa (nódulos malignos falsos positivos) em vários nódulos. Os exames de tomografia computadorizada apresentaram grandes dificuldades na detecção de nódulos malignos de 1,0-2,0 cm de tamanho em comparação com o exame de ultrassonografia após biópsias por aspiração com agulha fina; comparados aos dados histológicos do tumor, os exames de tomografia computadorizada apresentaram sensibilidade de 0,879. Conclusão Os exames de tomografia computadorizada são um método mais confiável para o diagnóstico diferencial de nódulos tireoidianos do que os exames de ultrassonografia, seguidos por biópsia por aspiração com agulha fina.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of two Han families with familial vitreous amyloidosis (FVA) and the gene mutation.Methods:A pedigree investigation was performed.Two Han Chinese families with FVA treated in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected.General examination and ophthalmic examination were performed among 112 members of the two families.Peripheral blood samples were collected from 32 family members (15 patients in MZ001 pedigree, 7 patients in MZ002 pedigree, and 5 persons with normal clinical phenotype from each pedigree) for DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, transthyretin ( TTR) gene screening and sequencing.Vitreous biopsy following three-channel 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy was performed on the two probands in the two families.Vitreous specimens were sent for pathological examination.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Xiangya Hospital of Central South University (No.201412463), and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects before any medical examination. Results:In MZ001, there were 15 cases of the 63 members presented bilateral vitreous opacity at an average age of (43.6±5.8) years.No lesion was found in nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidney or liver in general inspection.The vitreous of the proband (Ⅲ13) was so sticky that could not be totally removed during vitrectomy.The vitreous specimen showed positive Congo red staining.Ⅲ13 had elevated intraocular pressure after vitrectomy and was diagnosed as open-angle glaucoma.Gene sequencing revealed Gly83Arg mutation in the exon 3 of TTR gene.In MZ002, 7 cases of 49 members had bilateral vitreous opacity at an average age of (50.4±5.5) years, among which, 3 cases appeared symptoms of limb numbness and decreased muscle strength.The vitreous body of the proband (Ⅱ11) in MZ002 pedigree was looser and easier to remove during vitrectomy than that of Ⅲ13 in MZ001 pedigree.Vitreous specimen of Ⅱ11 was positive with Congo red staining.Gene sequencing revealed an Ala36Pro variant in the exon 3 of TTR gene. Conclusions:Gly83Arg or Ala36Pro mutation of TTR gene can cause FVA.Different mutations can lead to different clinical phenotypes such as age of onset, clinical symptoms and complications of other systems.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3526-3539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906830

ABSTRACT

We identified and analyzed the components and chemical constituents of hawthorn leaves of Crataegus pinnatifida Bge. (wild) and C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br (cultivated) by using ultra high-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MSE) combined with UNIFI data analysis platform and multivariate statistics. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified, including organic acids, flavonoids, triterpenoic acids, monoterpenes and sesquiterpenoids; among them, terpenoid content was the most abundant. Principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to identify the differential components of hawthorn leaves from two sources. The results show that there are differences in the chemical compositions of the two sources, including 24 flavonoids and terpenoids (including monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids and triterpenoid acids). The types of flavonoids (such as rutin, vitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, isovitexin-2''-O-rhamnoside, hyperoside, quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside) and terpenoids (crataegolic acid, corosolic acid and ursolic acid) in C. pinnatifida were more varied than those found in C. pinnatifida Bge. var major N. E. Br, and their contents were relatively higher. This study provides a comprehensively analysis of the different chemical components of hawthorn leaves from two sources listed in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and provides a basis for the selection of raw materials and the potential development and utilization of hawthorn leaves.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research status of the external use of medicinal materials and decoction pieces in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1), so as to provide reference for the clinical external use research of Chinese medicines. Method:The external function, usage, dosage and other information of medicinal materials and decoction pieces in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1) were analyzed and compared. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1), there were 165 kinds of Chinese medicines that could be used externally, including 25 kinds of Chinese medicines that clearly recorded their functions for external use, such as Euphorbiae Semen, Euphorbiae Semen Pulveratum, Arisaematis Rhizoma, Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum, Crotonis Fructus, Crotonis Semen Pulveratum, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Artemisiae Argyi Folium, Alumen, Stemonae Radix, Genkwa Flos, Cera Flava, Mel, Psoraleae Fructus, Gardeniae Fructus, Calomelas, Bruceae Fructus, Drynariae Rhizoma, Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae Radix, Cuscutae Semen, Phytolaccae Radix, Meretricis Concha, Talcum, Talci Pulvis and Propolis. The amount of Chinese medicine for external use recorded in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> was mostly appropriate for external use, the amount for external use was not clear. The application method for external use focused on beating powder and applying the affected areas, decocting for fumigation and washing, simmering to paste, etc. Clinical external use was used for the treatment of eczema, tinea pedis, chapped skin and other skin diseases. Conclusion:The number of Chinese medicines recorded in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> for external use is increasing, but the function, dosage and usage of these Chinese medicines for external use still need to be improved.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically analyze the chemical constituents of Qizhi Jiangtang capsules by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-electrostatic field orbital trap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS). Method:Analysis was conducted on a ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-water (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-13 min, 1%-25%A; 13-21 min, 25%-35%A; 21-28 min, 35%-85%A; 28-30 min, 85%-100%A; 30-32 min, 100%-1%A). The flow rate was 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 30 ℃, and the volume of sample injection was 3 μL. Electrospray ionization (ESI) was used to collect data in the negative and positive ion modes with the scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500. Meanwhile, a variety of MS analytic methods were used, including comparing with the information of control substances, self-built compounds database and literature references, diagnostic ion filtering, Compound Discoverer 3.0 software, for identification of the chemical components. Result:Based on the above strategy, a total of 52 compounds were identified in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules, and the sources of these compounds were identified. Amino acids were mainly derived from Hirudo, phenylpropanoids were derived from Astragali Radix and Rehmanniae Radix, iridoid glycosides were derived from Rehmanniae Radix, coumarins and triterpenes were derived from Astragali Radix, flavonoids were from Astragali Radix and Polygonati Rhizoma. Conclusion:The established UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS analytical method can comprehensively and rapidly analyze and identify of the chemical constituents in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules. Many of the ingredients have been proved by modern pharmacological studies to have the effect of improving related symptoms of diabetes and its complications, reflecting the characteristics of synergistic action of multiple components in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules. This study can provide reference for the further research on the pharmacodynamic material basis and the quality control of Qizhi Jiangtang capsules.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897459

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We evaluated the association between alcohol-related genetic variants and CRC risk. @*Materials and Methods@#The study cohort consisted of 5,435 CRC cases and 3,553 population-based cancer-free controls. Genotype data were generated from germline DNA using the Infinium OncoArray-500K BeadChip in 2,535 cases and 2,287 controls and the Infinium Multi-Ethnic Global BeadChip in 2,900 cases and 1,266 controls. The associations between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 and alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) rs1229984 polymorphisms and CRC risk were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. @*Results@#Compared with the major homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GG), heterozygous or minor homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GA or AA, related to a low alcohol consumption) was significantly associated with a reduced risk for CRC in men (odds ratio [OR], 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68 to 0.90), but not in women (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.47 to 1.05). A stronger association was found among regular drinkers (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.47 to 0.71 in men and OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.58 in women). No association of CRC risk with ADH1B rs1229984 genotype was found. The association between alcohol-related combined genotypes and risk of CRC was significant (p for linear=0.001). The combined genotype with the highest genetically predicted alcohol consumption (ALDH2 rs671 GG and ADH1B rs1229984 AG/GG) was associated with a high risk for CRC (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.63). @*Conclusion@#Our study provides strong evidence for a possible causal association between alcohol consumption and CRC risk.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889755

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We evaluated the association between alcohol-related genetic variants and CRC risk. @*Materials and Methods@#The study cohort consisted of 5,435 CRC cases and 3,553 population-based cancer-free controls. Genotype data were generated from germline DNA using the Infinium OncoArray-500K BeadChip in 2,535 cases and 2,287 controls and the Infinium Multi-Ethnic Global BeadChip in 2,900 cases and 1,266 controls. The associations between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 and alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) rs1229984 polymorphisms and CRC risk were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. @*Results@#Compared with the major homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GG), heterozygous or minor homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GA or AA, related to a low alcohol consumption) was significantly associated with a reduced risk for CRC in men (odds ratio [OR], 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68 to 0.90), but not in women (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.47 to 1.05). A stronger association was found among regular drinkers (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.47 to 0.71 in men and OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.58 in women). No association of CRC risk with ADH1B rs1229984 genotype was found. The association between alcohol-related combined genotypes and risk of CRC was significant (p for linear=0.001). The combined genotype with the highest genetically predicted alcohol consumption (ALDH2 rs671 GG and ADH1B rs1229984 AG/GG) was associated with a high risk for CRC (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.63). @*Conclusion@#Our study provides strong evidence for a possible causal association between alcohol consumption and CRC risk.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 253-259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity of maternal exposure to 1-bromopropane(1-BP) on the offspring rats by the breast-feeding route. Method A total of eight specific pathogen free female rats and their 64 male newborn rats were divided into the control group and the exposure group, with four lactation female rats and their 32 male newborn rats in each group. The female rats in exposure group were intragastrically administered with 700.00 mg/kg body mass of 1-BP during lactation, and the control group was given equal volume of corn oil for 21 days, once a day. The body mass of female rats and their offspring rats were measured during the exposure period. After exposure, the Morris water maze and the open field tests were performed in male offspring. The blood samples of offspring were collected for blood routine and blood biochemical indexes detection. The histopathological examination was performed in the hippocampus in the male offspring. RESULTS: A litter of eight pups in the exposure group began to die one day after the mother rat was exposed to 1-BP, and all rats died on the ninth day after exposure. There was no significant difference in the body mass of female rats between the exposure group and the control group(P>0.05). The body mass of offspring rats in the exposure group was lower than that in the control group at the same time point from the first day to the 21 st day of the female rats exposed to 1-BP(all P<0.05). In the orientation navigation experiment, the escape latency time on the first, the second day and the total distance on the first day in the offspring of the exposure group were significantly prolonged than those in the control group at the same time points(all P<0.05). The number of times of crossing the platform of offspring rats in the exposure group was less than that in the control group in the spatial exploration test(P<0.01). In the open field test, there was not statistical significance of the activity, rest time ratio, total distance, the distance ratio and time ratio in the central region in the offspring between the two groups(all P>0.05). The counts of white blood cells, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and average red blood cell width, platelet ratio and average platelet volume of the offspring of the exposure group decreased(all P<0.05), the serum levels of globulin, total protein, triacylglycerol and total bilirubin decreased(all P<0.05), and the albumin/globulin ratio and serum glucose level increased(all P<0.05), when compared with that of the control group. Histopathological examination results showed that the nerve fibers were loose in the hippocampal dentate gyrus area, and there were necrotic neurons and loss of nerve fibers in the CA1 area of the offspring rats. CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to 1-BP during lactation can induce neurotoxicity and hematotoxicity to offspring rats. The neurotoxicity mainly caused damage to the central nerve system, which affected the learning and memory function of the offspring rats. The reason may be related to the damage caused by 1-BP on the hippocampal function.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 247-252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the laboratory historical control values for biological indicators in SD rats with 28-day repeated dose oral toxicity tests. METHODS: The body mass, blood routine indexes, serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of 10 batches of specific pathogen free SD rats in the control group and the control additional group were collected for 28-day repeated dose oral toxicity tests, and the historical control values was established. RESULTS: The body mass of both male and female SD rats increased with the increasing age(all P<0.01). The body mass of male rats was higher than that of female rats each week(all P<0.01). The body mass, blood routine and serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of SD rats were affected by the age and gender of rats to varying degrees. The effects of age and gender on organ mass and organ coefficient were not consistent. The laboratory historical control values of body mass, blood routine indexes, serum biochemical indexes, organ mass and organ coefficient of SD rats were established according to the age measured in weeks and the gender of rats. CONCLUSION: The laboratory control values of biological indicators of SD rats should be established according to different weekly age and the gender of rats. Organ coefficient is more suitable as an observation index for toxicological safety evaluation compared with organ mass.

12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 803-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922161

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prostate health index (PHI) as a tool for the diagnosis of PCa with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L and determine the best cut-off value of PHI.@*METHODS@#Fifty-eight patients with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy in our hospital between April 2017 and June 2019. We constructed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the relationship of the biopsy results with the level of PSA, the ratio of [-2] proPSA to fPSA and PHI, and calculated the area under the ROC curves (AUC).@*RESULTS@#Prostatic biopsy revealed 18 cases of PCa in the 58 patients (31.0%). Statistically significant differences were observed between the PCa and non-PCa groups in [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI, but not in tPSA, % fPSA and PSA-density. The AUCs of PSA, % fPSA, PSA-density, [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI were 0.556, 0.407, 0.533, 0.746, 0.751 and 0.774, respectively. The specificity of PHI was 27.50% (95% CI: 14.6%-43.9%), the highest among the above predictors at 90% sensitivity. By applying PHI to this cohort, 13 cases (22.4%) of unnecessary biopsy could be avoided.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of PHI can increase the accuracy of PCa prediction and reduce unnecessary prostatic biopsy.、.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Humans , Macau , Male , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921685

ABSTRACT

To investigate the changes of bile acid(BA) levels in mice with sleep deprivation and the regulatory effect of Jiaotai Pills(JTP) on bile acid metabolism, this study established an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 23 BAs in mice. A total of 24 ICR mice were randomized into normal group, model group, and JTP group. Mice in the model group and JTP group were deprived of sleep at 20 h·d~(-1) by sleep deprivation apparatus for 8 consecutive days. Mice in the JTP group were given(ig, qd) JTP 3.3 g·kg~(-1) and those in the normal group and model group received(ig) the same volume of purified water. UPLC conditions are as follows: Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), gradient elution with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid in water-methanol. MS conditions are as below: negative-ion electrospray ionization, multiple reaction monitoring(MRM). Thereby, the content of 23 BAs in serum, liver, and ileum was determined and methodological investigation of the method was performed. The results showed that 23 BAs could be accurately determined within 15 min and the correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.99. The precision, accuracy, specificity, reproducibility, matrix effect, and recovery of BAs all met the requirement. The levels of BAs were significantly increased in the serum, liver, and ileum of sleep-deprived mice, but JTP can significantly reduce the levels. The UPLC-MS/MS method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be used for the determination of 23 BAs in biological samples, and JTP can adjust the elevated BA levels of sleep-deprived mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Reproducibility of Results , Sleep , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888156

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy of oral Chinese patent medicines of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in the treatment of primary insomnia by using network Meta-analysis. Nine databases(CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science, Medline and Cochrane Library) were systematically and comprehensively undertaken to identify the literatures published from the establishment of each database to August, 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on oral Chinese patent medicine of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen in the treatment of primary insomnia, either alone or in combination with conventional sedative hypnotics, were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Literature screening, data extraction and the evaluation of the risk of bias for the included studies were conducted independently by 2 researchers. Traditional Meta-analysis and Bayesian network Meta-analysis were then conducted with use of Stata 15.0 and R software. Finally, a total of 42 RCTs were included, involving 9 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 4 196 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that(1) in terms of improving Pittsburgh sleep quality index scale score, the efficacy of the combination of drugs was significantly superior to that of sedative-hypnotics or most of Chinese patent medicines used alone, and Bailemian Capsules combined with sedative-hypnotics had the best effect; both the efficacy of Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets and Compound Zaoren Anshen Capsules alone were significantly superior to that of conventional sedative-hypnotics treatment, and Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets had the best effect.(2)In terms of safety, single use or combined use of Chinese patent medicine had a certain improvement as compared with conventional sedative-hypnotics treatment. Due to the large clinical heterogeneity, the studies could not be combined quantitatively, and no serious adverse reactions occurred in all patients enrolled in the study. The results showed that Chinese patent medicine of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen combined with conventional sedative-hypnotics could significantly improve the short-term sleep quality of patients with primary insomnia. In the comparison among single use of drugs, Shenqi Wuweizi Tablets had the largest possibility for best effect. However, the lack of evidences for international promotion, the influence of different types of sedative-hypnotics treatment and intervention time on the curative effect, and the patients' different acceptance of combined treatment should be considered before clinical application. Limited by the number and quality of the included studies, the above conclusions need to be further verified by more large sample-size and high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Semen , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886872

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the main chemical constituents of the low polarity extracts from pinusmassoniana Lamb. leaves and their synergetic activity with fluconazole against fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans. Methods The pinusmassoniana leaves were extracted with 80% ethanol, and then the extracts were extracted by petroleum ether to obtain the low polarity extracts. The chemical components were detected by GC-MS and elucidated by the comparison with the standard mass spectral data. The relative contents in percentage were calculated using the area normalization method. The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC80) of fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans strains by the low polarity extracts in combination with fluconazole were determined by checkerboard microdilution assay. Results 30 components were detected from the low polarity extracts, and 17 components were identified. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC80) of the 80% ethanol extracts, the low polarity extracts and the petroleum ether extracts from the pinusmassoniana leaves combined with fluconazole against fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans were 7.81 μg/ml, 31.25 μg/ml and >250 μg/ml, respectively. Conclusion The 80% ethanol extracts of pinusmassoniana leaves and its low polarity extracts have synergistic activity combined with fluconazole onfluconazole-resistant Candida albicans. The diterpenoids (53.99%) may be the effective components of the low polarity extracts.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association of the total gestational weight gain (GWG) and GWG in different trimesters with adverse pregnancy outcomes during the second pregnancy in women with history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).Methods:This retrospective cohort study recruited 441 singleton pregnant women with a history of GDM who gave birth at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2017 to December 2018 as the GDM history group. Another 1 637 singleton pregnant women without a history of GDM who gave birth at the same period were selected through the mechanical sampling method as the control group. Independent sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in general conditions, GWG and perinatal outcomes between the two groups. Based on the Institute of Medicine guidelines for GWG, the subjects were further divided into three subgroups: inadequate GWG, adequate GWG and excessive GWG groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to compare the pregnancy outcome in women with the same GWG in different periods of pregnancy between the two groups. Results:(1) Women with GDM history had lower GWG before and after oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and the whole pregnancy than those without [(6.3±3.3) vs (7.9±3.7) kg, (4.8±2.6) vs (5.6± 2.6) kg, (11.8±4.6) vs (14.4± 4.6) kg; t=8.074, 5.183, 10.277; all P<0.001]. The incidence of GDM, gestational hypertension, and large for gestational age (LGA) in the GDM history group were higher than those in the control group [46.5% (205/441) vs 18.1% (296/1 637), 8.4% (37/441) vs 5.4% (88/1 637), 12.9% (57/441) vs 9.7% (158/1 637); χ2=153.181, 5.583, 4.013; all P<0.05]. (2) Before OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 4.02 (2.35-6.88), 3.92 (2.65-5.79) and 3.33 (2.11-5.25), respectively, all P<0.001]. Except for women with inadequate GWG, pregnancy with a history of GDM also had a higher risk of preeclampsia [ OR and 95% CI were 3.62 (1.47-9.23) and 2.22 (1.07-5.57) for adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, both P<0.05]. After OGTT: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG were 2.48 (1.60-3.84), 4.63 (2.92-7.35) and 4.22 (2.73-6.51), respectively, all P<0.001]. Pregnant women with a history of GDM with excessive GWG had an increased risk of preeclampsia ( OR=2.46, 95% CI: 1.10-5.51, P<0.05). During pregnancy: pregnant women with GDM history of different GWG categories had a higher risk of developing GDM [ OR and 95% CI were 3.02(2.00-4.59), 4.08(2.76-6.04) and 2.66(1.54-4.59) for inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG, respectively, all P<0.001]. Women with GDM history had an increased risk of large for gestational age (LGA) in those with inadequate GWG and postpartum hemorrhage in those with excessive GWG [ OR and 95% CI were 1.94 (1.09-4.21) and 2.93 (1.31-6.55), respectively, both P<0.05]. Conclusions:The total GWG and GWG in different periods during the second pregnancy in women with a history of GDM are lower than those without, but with a higher risk of adverse outcomes. Even in women with the same range of GWG, GDM history still increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884795

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of urinary iodine concentration (UIC) on response to 131I treatment in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients with different risk stratifications. Methods:A total of 181 patients with DTC (75 males, 106 females, age: (44.1±12.5) years), who received the first 131I treatment in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital between January 2018 and February 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk groups. The treatment response was categorized into excellent response (ER) and non-excellent response (non-ER). Factors being evaluated including age, sex, preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (ps-Tg), UIC, etc. Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:The UIC and ps-Tg in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( n=113) was 111.60(55.80, 204.65) μg/L and 2.08(0.63, 4.91) μg/L, respectively. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=86), non-ER subgroup ( n=27) had higher UIC and ps-Tg level ( z values: -2.585, -4.511, both P<0.05). In the high-risk group ( n=68), UIC was 115.40(61.23, 167.28) μg/L and ps-Tg was 16.65(4.52, 43.45) μg/L. Compared with the ER subgroup ( n=20), non-ER subgroup ( n=48) had higher ps-Tg level ( z=-4.677, P<0.01), while the UIC was not significantly different between ER and non-ER subgroups ( z=-0.013, P>0.05). The multivariate logistic analysis indicated the ps-Tg level was the significant variable for non-ER in low- to intermediate-risk group (odds ratio( OR)=6.157(95% CI: 1.046-36.227); OR=22.965(95% CI: 3.591-146.857), both P<0.05) and high-risk group ( OR=9.696 (95% CI: 1.379-68.169), P<0.05); a high UIC could be an indicator of non-ER only in the low- to intermediate-risk group ( OR=3.715(95% CI: 1.201-11.488), P<0.05). Conclusions:The non-ER is associated with UIC in the low- to intermediate-risk group; however, UIC does not affect the non-ER in the high-risk group. Higher ps-Tg level is associated with non-ER in patients with low- to intermediate-risk and high-risk DTC.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880732

ABSTRACT

With the number of cases of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) increasing rapidly, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that patients with mild or moderate symptoms could be released from quarantine without nucleic acid retesting, and self-isolate in the community. This may pose a potential virus transmission risk. We aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the duration of viral shedding for individual COVID-19 patients. This retrospective multicentric study enrolled 135 patients as a training cohort and 102 patients as a validation cohort. Significant factors associated with the duration of viral shedding were identified by multivariate Cox modeling in the training cohort and combined to develop a nomogram to predict the probability of viral shedding at 9, 13, 17, and 21 d after admission. The nomogram was validated in the validation cohort and evaluated by concordance index (C-index), area under the curve (AUC), and calibration curve. A higher absolute lymphocyte count (


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Area Under Curve , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Nomograms , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Viral Load , Virus Shedding
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880629

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a kind of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy characterized by chronic proximal skeletal muscle weakness and unique skin lesions. However, DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa is rare. A 36-year-old male patient complained of muscular soreness of extremities, dysphagia, and pharyngalgia was diagnosed with DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa. After treatment with glucocorticoid, immunosuppressant, acupuncture, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), the above symptoms were disappeared. During the 3-year follow-up period, the results of routine physical examination, laboratory examination, gastroscopy, and imaging examination were normal. High-dose of corticosteroid is needed in the initial treatment, but it must be reduced regularly to avoid adverse reactions. Acupuncture and ESD are also effective as adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dermatomyositis/complications , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Esophageal Mucosa , Esophageal Neoplasms , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the effect and mechanism of Jiaotai Pill (, JTP) on insomniac rats.@*METHODS@#The insomniac model was established by intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). In behavioral experiments, rats were divided into control, insomniac model, JTP [3.3 g/(kg•d)], and diazepam [4 mg/(kg•d)] groups. The treatment effect of JTP was evaluated by weight measurement (increasement of body weight), open field test (number of crossings) and forced swimming test (immobility time). A high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was built to determine the concentration of monoamine transmitters in hypothalamus and peripheral organs from normal, model, JTP, citalopram [30 mg/(kg•d)], maprotiline [40 mg/(kg•d)] and bupropion [40 mg/(kg•d)] groups. Expressions of serotonin transporter (SERT), dopamine transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot in normal, model and JTP groups. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established to determine the pharmacokinetics, urine cumulative excretion of metformin in vivo, and tissue slice uptake in vitro, which were applied to assess the activity of organic cation transporters (OCTs) in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the insomniac model group, the body weight and spontaneous locomotor were increased, and the immobility time was decreased after treatment with JTP (P<0.01). Both serotonin and dopamine contents in hypothalamus and peripheral organs were increased (P<0.01). The norepinephrine content was increased in peripheral organs and decreased in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the same time, SERT, DAT, OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 were down-regulated in hypothalamus and peripheral organs (P<0.05). NET was down-regulated in peripheral organs and up-regulated in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, the activity of OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs was inhibited (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JTP alleviates insomnia through regulation of monoaminergic system and OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.

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