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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Heparin is mainly used as an anticoagulant in clinic, and it also has a certain anti-inflammatory effect. At present, after portal vein islet transplantation in diabetic patients, heparin is mainly infused through the peripheral veins of the limbs to achieve the purpose of anticoagulation and protection of the graft, rather than through the portal vein. In this study, animal experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of heparin infusion via the portal vein and marginal ear vein on the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) after portal vein islet transplantation, which is the choice of anticoagulation methods for clinical islet transplantation to provide a basis for decision-making.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 neonatal pigs (Xeno-1 type, 3-5 days) were selected. Islets were isolated and purified from the pancreas of neonatal pigs. Ten non-diabetic Landrace pigs (1.5-2.0 months) served as recipients, and 12 000 IEQ/kg neonatal porcine islets were transplanted into the liver through the portal vein. All recipients received bolus injection of 50 U/kg of heparin 10 minutes before transplantation. After the bolus injection of heparin, the experimental group received heparin via the portal vein [10 U/(kg·h), 5 recipients], and the control group received heparin via the marginal ear vein [10 U/(kg·h), 5 recipients]. The superior vena cava blood was collected from the 2 groups pre-operation at 1, 3, 24 h post-operation of the transplantation. The portal vein blood was collected from the experimental group at 1 and 3 h after the transplantation as well. The levels of complement C3a, C5a, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), β-thromboglobulin (β-TG), and D-dimer as well as activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) in superior vena cava blood from 1 and 3 h post-transplantation were detected in the 2 groups, and the levels of anti-Xa and anti-IIa in the portal vein and superior vena cava blood from 1 and 3 h post-transplantation in the experimental group were detected. Twenty four hours after the transplantation, the liver tissues in the 2 groups were collected for pathological examination to observe the inflammatory cell infiltration and peripheral thrombosis around the islets graft in liver.@*RESULTS@#Before transplantation, there was no statistically significant difference in C3a, C5a, TAT, β-TG, D-dimer levels and APTT between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). At 1 and 3 h after transplantation, the C3a, TAT, and D-dimer levels in the experimental group were significant decreased than those in the control groups (all P<0.05), and at 3 h after transplantation the C5a was significant decreased than that in the control group (P<0.05). At 1 and 3 h after transplantation, the anti-Xa and anti-IIa levels in the portal vein blood were significantly increased than those in the superior vena cava blood in the experimental group (all P<0.05). Pathological results showed the presence of islet cell clusters in the liver blood vessels. The thrombus formation and neutrophil infiltration around islet graft was not obvious in the experimental group, while massive thrombus formation and neutrophil infiltration in the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with marginal ear vein infusion of heparin, the direct infusion of heparin in the portal vein has a certain inhibitory effect on complement system, coagulation system activation and inflammatory cell infiltration in portal vein islet transplantation, which may attenuate the occurrence of IBMIR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Heparin/therapeutic use , Humans , Islets of Langerhans/pathology , Islets of Langerhans Transplantation/physiology , Portal Vein , Swine , Vena Cava, Superior
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917000

ABSTRACT

Background@#Brucella infection induces brucellosis, a zoonotic disease. The intracellular circulation process and virulence of Brucella mainly depend on its type IV secretion system (T4SS) expressing secretory effectors. Secreted protein BspJ is a nucleomodulin of Brucella that invades the host cell nucleus. BspJ mediates host energy synthesis and apoptosis through interaction with proteins. However, the mechanism of BspJ as it affects the intracellular survival of Brucella remains to be clarified. @*Objectives@#To verify the functions of nucleomodulin BspJ in Brucella's intracellular infection cycles. @*Methods@#Constructed Brucella abortus BspJ gene deletion strain (B. abortus ΔBspJ) and complement strain (B. abortus pBspJ) and studied their roles in the proliferation of Brucella both in vivo and in vitro. @*Results@#BspJ gene deletion reduced the survival and intracellular proliferation of Brucellaat the replicating Brucella-containing vacuoles (rBCV) stage. Compared with the parent strain, the colonization ability of the bacteria in mice was significantly reduced, causing less inflammatory infiltration and pathological damage. We also found that the knockout of BspJ altered the secretion of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1β, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α, interferon-γ) in host cells and in mice to affect the intracellular survival of Brucella. @*Conclusions@#BspJ is extremely important for the circulatory proliferation of Brucella in the host, and it may be involved in a previously unknown mechanism of Brucella's intracellular survival.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907053

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for human papillomavirus ( HPV ) vaccine hesitancy among female university students based on the precaution adoption process model (PAPM), so as to provide the evidence for improving the coverage of HPV vaccine in this population. @*Methods @#HPV vaccine hesitant female students were selected using a cluster sampling method from Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, and randomly assigned to the PAPM group and control group. Students in the PAPM group received PAPM-based interventions for HPV vaccine hesitancy, while students in the control group were given routine interventions. The HPV-related knowledge, HPV vaccine-related knowledge and HPV vaccine hesitancy scores were collected from both groups prior to interventions ( T0 ), 0 ( T1 ), 1 ( T2 ) and 3 months post-interventions ( T3 ), and the effectiveness of interventions was evaluated using analysis of variance for repeated measures.@*Results @#There were 147 students in the PAPM group and 141 students in the control group. In the PAPM group, 36.73% of the students majored in medical sciences, and 48.23% were freshmen; in the control group, 39.72% majored in medical sciences, and 50.35% were freshmen. The mean scores of HPV- and HPV vaccine-related knowledge were significantly greater in the PAPM group than in the control group, respectively ( T1, 5.29 vs. 4.91; T2, 4.27 vs. 4.22; T3, 4.22 vs. 4.04; P<0.05 ); however, no significant differences were detected in the HPV vaccine hesitancy scores between the two groups, respectively ( T1, 2.98 vs. 2.95; T2, 3.07 vs. 3.07; T3, 3.08 vs. 2.97; P>0.05 ). The mean scores of the confidence dimension ( T1, 3.37 vs. 3.23; T2, 3.48 vs. 3.40; T3, 3.38 vs. 3.25 ) and the dimension of influence by others ( T1, 3.44 vs. 3.33; T2, 3.42 vs. 3.37; T3, 3.46 vs. 3.27 ) were significantly greater in the PAPM group than in the control group (P<0.05), while the mean scores of the complacency dimension were significantly lower in the PAPM group than in the control group ( T1, 1.98 vs. 2.03; T2, 2.06 vs. 2.20; T3, 2.18 vs. 2.15; P<0.05 ).@*Conclusions @#PAPM-based interventions for HPV vaccine hesitancy may effectively improve the awareness of HPV and HPV vaccines, reduce complacency, and enhance the influence by others among female university students.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939852

ABSTRACT

The progressive destruction of condylar cartilage is a hallmark of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA); however, its mechanism is incompletely understood. Here, we show that Kindlin-2, a key focal adhesion protein, is strongly detected in cells of mandibular condylar cartilage in mice. We find that genetic ablation of Kindlin-2 in aggrecan-expressing condylar chondrocytes induces multiple spontaneous osteoarthritic lesions, including progressive cartilage loss and deformation, surface fissures, and ectopic cartilage and bone formation in TMJ. Kindlin-2 loss significantly downregulates the expression of aggrecan, Col2a1 and Proteoglycan 4 (Prg4), all anabolic extracellular matrix proteins, and promotes catabolic metabolism in TMJ cartilage by inducing expression of Runx2 and Mmp13 in condylar chondrocytes. Kindlin-2 loss decreases TMJ chondrocyte proliferation in condylar cartilages. Furthermore, Kindlin-2 loss promotes the release of cytochrome c as well as caspase 3 activation, and accelerates chondrocyte apoptosis in vitro and TMJ. Collectively, these findings reveal a crucial role of Kindlin-2 in condylar chondrocytes to maintain TMJ homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Aggrecans/metabolism , Animals , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , Chondrocytes/pathology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Mice , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 430-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of identification and preservation of arm lymphatics (DEPART) in axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for breast cancer to prevent arm lymphedema. Methods: A randomized controlled study method was used. Two hundred and sixty-five patients who underwent breast cancer surgery at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from November 2017 to June 2018 were included, and the patients were randomly divided into ALND+ DEPART group (132 patients) and standard ALND group (133 patients) by random number table method. In the ALND+ DEPART group, indocyanine green and methylene blue were injected as tracers before surgery, and the arm sentinel nodes was visualized by staged tracing during intraoperative dissection of axillary lymph nodes. Partial frozen sections were made of arm lymph nodes >1 cm in length and hard and suspicious of metastasis, and arm lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels were selectively preserved. Patients in the standard ALND group underwent standard ALND. Objective and subjective indexes of arm lymphedema were evaluated by 5-point circumference measurement and Norman questionnaire. Results: Among 132 breast cancer patients in the ALND+ DEPART group, 121 (91.7%) completed DEPART. There were no statistically significant differences in age, body mass index, pathological type, dissection number of axillary lymph node, N stage, TNM stage, molecular typing, and regional radiotherapy between the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups (P>0.05). At a median follow-up of 24 months, assessment by the 5-point circumference measurement showed that the incidence rates of lymphedema in the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups were 5.0% (6/121) and 15.8% (21/133), respectively, with statistically significant differences (P=0.005). Assessment by the Norman questionnaire showed that the incidence rates of lymphedema in the ALND+ DEPART and standard ALND groups were 5.8% (7/121) and 21.8% (29/133), respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.001). No local regional recurrence was observed in either group during the follow-up period. Conclusion: For breast cancer patients with positive axillary lymph nodes, the administration of DEPART during ALND can reduce or avoid the occurrence of arm lymphedema without compromising oncology safety.


Subject(s)
Arm/pathology , Axilla/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymphatic Vessels/pathology , Lymphedema/surgery , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/adverse effects
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1391-1395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935020

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the imaging characteristics of dense automatic real time B-scan optical coherence tomography angiography(DART-OCTA)in macular-involved branch retinal vein occlusion(BRVO)and the diagnostic value of capillary perfusion imaging in the macular area.METHODS: From June 2020 to December 2020, there were 51 cases of 51 eyes with BRVO diagnosed in Eye Hospital, Wenzhou Medical University. Imaging characteristics of the BRVO macular area were observed by fluorescein angiography(FA), optical coherence tomography angiography(OCTA)and DART-OCTA examination, respectively. According to the retinal capillary perfusion status, the included patients were divided into capillary and non-imaging groups, comparing the results of capillary perfusion imaging in the BRVO macular area among the three examination methods.Furthermore, quantitative analysis of capillary perfusion density in the lesion involved area and the lesion non-involved area was performed in DART-OCTA images. RESULTS: Patients with 51 eyes were included in this study, FA identified 10 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, OCTA identified 14 eyes of capillary perfusion imaging, DART-OCTA identified 34 eyes of the capillary perfusion imaging.Comparison of the three test methods for capillary perfusion imaging findings in the BRVO macular area showed that DART-OCTA was more sensitive compared to FA and OCTA for capillary perfusion imaging in the ischemic area. In DART-OCTA examination, retinal capillary blood flow density was lower in the lesion-involved areas in both the capillary perfusion imaging group and the non-imaging groups(0.65±0.20/mm vs 1.16±0.31/mm,0.41±0.16/mm vs 1.06±0.38/mm, all P<0.0001).CONCLUSION: DART-OCTA can provide clearer tomographic imaging of retinal capillary perfusion. And the imaging with its observation of BRVO involving the macular area is least affected by macular hemorrhage and it is an important complementary method for BRVO patients with significant retinal hemorrhage.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 101-106, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and compare the perioperative result and complications of robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal and extracorporeal urinary diversion.Methods:Clinical data of bladder cancer patients undergoing robot-assisted radical cystectomy with ileal conduit in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital from January 2015 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Eighty-two patients underwent extracorporeal urinary diversion (ECUD group), and 122 underwent intracorporeal urinary diversion (ICUD group). In the ECUD group, the median age was 70(61, 76)years old, including 67 male (81.7%), the median BMI was 26.1(24.3, 28.5), 67 cases(81.7%) was ASA score 0-2, 15 cases (18.3%)was 3 or higher, 15 cases (18.3%) were high risk non-muscular invasive bladder cancer. 67 cases (81.7%) were muscular invasive bladder cancer. 16 cases (19.5%) received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Past medical history included smoking in 35 cases (43.2%), hypertension in 31 cases (37.5%), diabetes in 17 cases (21.3%), heart disease in 13 cases (15.7%), and abdominal surgery in 15 cases (17.8%). In the ICUD group, the median age was 68 (62, 75), 95 male (77.9%), the median BMI was 25.6 (23.4, 27.8)kg/m 2, 105 cases(86.1%) was ASA score 0-2, 17 cases (13.9%)was 3 or higher, 29 cases (24.9%) were high risk non-muscular invasive bladder cancer, and 93 cases (75.1%) were muscular invasive bladder cancer. There were 22 cases (18.0%) undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Past medical history included smoking in 58 cases (47.3%), hypertension in 44 cases (32.6%), diabetes in 33 cases (22.8%), heart disease in 28 cases (26.7%), and abdominal surgery in 17 cases (14.2%). No significance was detected in characteristics between the two groups. For ileal bladder making and ureteral implantation method in ICUD group, 15 cm ileum was taken using stapler at the 15 cm from ileocecum to make ileal conduit and restore the continuity of the ileum. The proximal end of the ileal conduit was closed. The bilateral ureteral were implanted 3 cm apart on the ileal bladder. F6 single J tube was placed into both of the ureters to drain urine. For ECUD group, the subumbilical 5 cm incision was taken to enter the abdominal cavity. The ileocecum was found and the terminal ileum was taken out of the body. A segment of 15 cm in length ileocecum 15 cm away from the cecum was cut off with a linear cutting stapler and the blood vessels of arterial arch were ligated, then a small opening at the same ileum position was cut. The continuity of the ileocecum was restored. The ileal conduit was irrigated, and the bilateral ureters were placed into a single J tube and anastomosed to the ileal conduit 3 cm apart. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative exhaust time, postoperative feeding time, postoperative hospital stay, postoperative incision pain score, postoperative readmission rate, peri-operative mortality, postoperative complications and pathology results were compared between the two groups. Results:All cases were successfully performed robotically without conversion or major intraoperative complications. There was no significant difference in operation time between ICUD group and ECUD group [260(230, 310) min and 235(220, 290) min, P=0.078]. The estimated blood loss in ECUD group was more than that in ICUD group [300(200, 400) ml and 150(100, 300), P=0.037], but there was no difference in blood transfusion rate between the two groups [7(8.6%) and 9(7.4%), P=0.196]. The exhaust time [4(2-6) days and 2(1, 3) days] and postoperative solid food feeding time [7(4, 9) days and 4(3, 5) days] in the ECUD group were longer than those in the ICUD group (all P<0 05). The exhaust time[4(2-6)day and 2(1, 3)day] and solid food feeding time[7(4, 9)day and 4(3, 5)day] in ECUD group were longer than those in ICUD group. There was no significant difference in postoperative hospital stay between ECUD group and ICUD group[8(5, 11)day and 6(5, 9)day, P=0.212]. Clavien-Dindo Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade was defined mild complication, Ⅲ grade or above was defined serious complication, early complication was defined within 30 days after operation, and late complication was defined 30-90 days after operation. The overall early postoperative complication rate were 19.6%(24) and 34.2%(28)(ICUD vs.ECUD), the mild complications rate were 13.9%(17) and 25.6%(21)(ICUD vs.ECUD), and the late severe complication rate were 4.1%(5)and 10.1%(8)(ICUD vs.ECUD). ICUD group were significantly lower than those of ECUD group (all P<0.05). There was no difference in the early severe complication rate [5.7%(7) and 8.5%(7)], the total late complication rate [15.6%(19) and 16.1%(13)], and the late mild complication rate [11.5% (14) and 6.0% (5)] (all P>0.05). There was no significant difference between ICUD group and ECUD group, in term of the number of lymph nodes dissected [21(14, 25) and 19(15, 24)], the positive rate of lymph nodes [10.7%(13) and 10.0%(8)], the positive rate of surgical margin [3.3%(4) and 4.8%(4)] and postoperative pathological stage T 1-T is [25(20.3%) and 14(17.1%)], and T 2-T 3 [97(79.7%) and 68(82.9%)]. The number of patients with postoperative incision pain (pain score >5) was 43 (35.6%) in ICUD and 46 (56.5%) in ECUD( P< 0.05). The 30-day and 90-day readmission rates were 1.6% (2/82) and 4.9% (6/82) in ICUD group, and 1.2% (1/122) and 9.8% (8/122) in ECUD group, respectively. There was no peri-operative mortality in both groups. Conclusions:Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with ileal conduit is a safe and repeatable method for the treatment of muscular invasive or high-risk non-muscular invasive bladder cancer. Complete intracorporeal bladder reconstruction is feasible and has the advantages of less intraoperative bleeding, faster postoperative intestinal function recovery and less complications.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore new methods of treating Graves′ disease (GD) by targeting thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1).Methods:The small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting TSHR and the ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) were designed and synthesized. Thirty GD model mice were randomly divided into siRNA treatment group, ICAM-1 mAb treatment group, and untreated GD group (10 mice in each group), and 10 normal mice were taken as blank control. Serum thyroxine (T 4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), TSH receptor-stimulating antibody (TSAb) and TSH-stimulation blocking antibody (TSBAb) were measured before and after treatment. At the end of the treatment, body mass and heart rate of mice in each group were measured, and thyroid uptake of 99Tc mO 4-, thyroid size and pathological changes were evaluated. Independent-sample t test, paired t test and one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze data. Results:After three treatments, the body mass of mice in siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group were significantly lower than that of normal mice ( F=3.50, P=0.025); the heart rates of the mice in two groups were significantly lower than that of untreated GD mice ( F=24.73, P<0.001). Heart rate of mice treated with siRNA decreased significantly, close to that of normal mice. After treatment, the serum T 4((27.58±1.94) vs (65.71±6.89) μg/L, (27.24±3.50) vs (70.84±8.46) μg/L), TSAb ((331.44±43.38) vs (457.33±45.85) mU/L, (275.16±45.80) vs (443.91±42.32) mU/L) and TSBAb ((13.94±1.11) vs (15.83±5.92) mU/L, (14.59±1.02) vs (17.05±6.16) mU/L) levels of mice in both siRNA group and ICAM-1 mAb group significantly decreased ( t values: 4.45-10.87, all P<0.05), while the serum TSH levels of mice in two groups significantly increased ((0.13±0.05) vs (0.04±0.05) mU/L, (1.46±0.34) vs (0.06±0.03) mU/L; t values: -2.22, -5.87, P values: 0.007, <0.001). The elevated TSH level and decreased TSAb level of mice treated with ICAM-1 mAb were significantly different from those treated with siRNA ( t values: 1.03, -1.63, P values: 0.002, 0.031). After treatment, the uptake of 99Tc mO 4- in part of the thyroid lobes of mice was decreased, and the enlargement degree of the corresponding lobes was reduced. The thyroid pathology of mice in the treated groups showed that the absorption vacuoles of thyroid follicles were reduced, and the phenomenon of thinner colloids was improved. No obvious damage was observed in the heart, liver and kidneys of the mice. Conclusions:Both the siRNA targeting TSHR and ICAM-1 mAb have therapeutic effects on GD model mice. The siRNA is better at controlling heart rate, and ICAM-1 mAb is better at increasing TSH and decreasing TSAb. Each of the above treatment methods is safe and effective, which can provide new ideas for GD targeted therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the longitudinal trajectory and influencing factors of cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy.Methods:From March 2019 to January 2020, breast cancer patients in Longhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Peking Union Medical College Hospital were selected as the research objects to conduct follow-up investigation. The survey tools included general information questionnaire, Cancer-related Fatigue Assessment Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Scale.Results:A total of 91 patients were included in the study. The incidence of severe CRF at each time point before chemotherapy, 3 weeks after chemotherapy and 6 weeks after chemotherapy were 1.1% (1/91), 8.8% (5/57) and 2.1% (1/48), respectively. The results of the generalized estimation equation showed that the trajectory of the total score CRF firstly increased and then decreased, reaching a peak at 3 weeks after chemotherapy (35.45±13.07), and mild CRF change showed statistical difference ( P<0.05). In addition, BMI and sleep and daytime dysfunction were the influencing factors of the total score of CRF. Disease stage, sleep disturbance and daytime dysfunction were the influencing factors of CRF with different severity. Conclusions:CRF is a prominent problem in breast cancer patients during chemotherapy. Attention should be paid to high-risk individuals with abnormal BMI and daytime function by medical staff.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term clinical effect of the computer virtual technique combined with pelvic reduction frame in the treatment of complex pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#Thirty patients with Tile C pelvic fractures treated by percutaneous minimally invasive pelvic reduction frame from April 2018 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 9 females, aged from 19 to 57 (39.40±9.85) years old. The patient's pelvic CT DICOM data were imported into Mimics software to reconstruct the virtual fracture model. Virtual reduction and nail placement were carried out on the fracture model, and then simulated fluoroscopy was carried out to record the ideal fluoroscopy orientation and angle to guide the correct fluoroscopy during operation. The operation time, fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta image score standard, and the postoperative function was evaluated by Majeed function score standard.@*RESULTS@#All 30 patients achieved closed reduction and percutaneous screw fixation. According to Matta score, the excellent and good rate of fracture reduction was 93.3%(28/30). A total of 67 channel screws were inserted, and the excellent and good rate was 98.5%(66/67). The operation time was (173.54±79.31) min, fluoroscopy time was (90.81±41.11) times, intraoperative blood loss was (81.21±43.97) ml. All incisions healed at one stage without broken nails or re-displacement of fractures. All patients were followed up for 12 months. At the final follow-up, Majeed function score was 73 to 94(85.66±5.33) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Computer virtual technology combined with pelvic reduction frame could rapidly, accurately and safely reduce and fix unstable pelvic fractures. Computer virtualization could help surgeons to recognition and understanding pelvic fractures, pelvic reduction frame could improve the surgeon's ability to manage complex and unstable pelvic injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Loss, Surgical , Computers , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvic Bones/injuries , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928065

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to assess the clinical efficacy of oral blood-activating and stasis-removing Chinese patent medicines in treating hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) based on network Meta-analysis. The clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of hypertensive LVH with oral blood-activating and stasis-removing Chinese patent medicines were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from their inception to September 2021. Two researchers independently completed the literature screening, data extraction, and quality evaluation. The data were then analyzed by RevMan 5.3, Stata 15.1, and ADDIS 1.16.8. Finally, a total of 31 RCTs were included, involving 3 001 patients and four oral blood-activating and stasis-removing Chinese patent medicines. In terms of the alleviation of heart damage, the Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine groups were superior to the conventional western medicine groups in lo-wering the left ventricular mass index(LVMI). There was no significant difference in LVMI, left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), or the ratio of early diastolic peak flow velocity to late diastolic peak flow velocity(E/A) between different Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine groups. Xinnao Shutong Capsules/Tablets combined with conventional western medicine had the best efficacy in reducing LVMI and elevating LVEF, while Xinkeshu Capsules/Tablets combined with conventional western medicine had the best effect in improving E/A. In the control of blood pressure, when all Chinese patent medicines except for Xinnao Shutong Capsules/Tablets were combined with conventional western medicine, the resulting systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP) were significantly lower than those in the conventional western medicine group. Xinkeshu Capsules/Tablets combined with conventional western medicine produced the best effect in reducing SBP and DBP, followed by Xinnao Shutong Capsules/Tablets. In terms of safety, no serious adverse reactions occurred in all trials. The four oral blood-activating and stasis-removing Chinese patent medicines included in this study exhibited obvious advantages in the treatment of hypertensive LVH when they were combined with conventional western medicine, with the best effects observed in the Xinnao Shutong Capsules/Tablets combined with conventional western medicine group. However, due to the limitation of the quantity and quality of the included articles, the conclusion of this study still needs to be verified by more high-quality, multi-center, and large-sample RCTs.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 282-291, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927152

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#As the population ages, the incidence of clinical dementia has been rising around the world. It has been reported that microRNAs act as key diagnostic biomarkers and targets for various neurological conditions, including dementia. MiR-322-5p has been revealed to play an important role in multiple diseases. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role and regulatory mechanism of miR-322-5p in vascular dementia. @*Materials and Methods@#In this study, neonatal rat neurons (NRNs) were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) to induce cell injury. The animals were subjected to permanent bilateral occlusion of the carotid arteries (2-vessel occlusion, 2VO) to induce the model of chronic brain hypoperfusion. @*Results@#MiR-322-5p expression was significantly downregulated in the neurons exposed to OGD/R and the hippocampi of 2VO rats. Overexpression of miR-322-5p ameliorated cell apoptosis and the inflammatory response in vitro. In a mechanistic study, miR-322-5p was confirmed to directly target and negatively regulate tetraspanin 5 (TSPAN5) in cultured NRNs. Moreover, overexpression of TSPAN5 could counteract the effects of miR-322-5p overexpression on cell apoptosis and the inflammatory response in OGD/Rtreated neurons. More importantly, miR-322-5p improved cognitive ability and inhibited inflammatory production in 2VO rats. @*Conclusion@#Overall, the results suggest that miR-322-5p alleviates vascular dementia development by targeting TSPAN5. This discovery may provide a potential therapeutic target for dementia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923508

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the effects of spinal manipulation therapy (SMT) on chronic nonspecific neck pain (CNSNP) by using World Health Organization Family International Classifications (WHO-FICs). Methods Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects of SMT on CNSNP were searched from PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, EBSCO, CBM and CNKI from database establishment to December 31st, 2021. At least two researchers extracted the data. Cochrane bias risk assessment tool and Physiotherapy Evidence Database Scale were used to evaluate the quality of the included articles. Revman 5.4 software and Stata 16.0 software were used for meta-analyses and publication bias analysis respectively. Results A total of 15 RCTs that represented 1 067 participants were evaluated. In terms of body functions, compared with the control group, SMT significantly reduced Visual Analog Score for pain (MD = -0.85, 95%CI -1.06 to -0.63, P < 0.00001) and Numerical Rating Scale (MD = -0.92, 95%CI -1.29 to -0.55, P < 0.001), increased pressure pain thresholds (SMD = 0.67, 95%CI 0.47 to 0.86, P < 0.001), cervical range of motion (ROM) of flexion/extension (SMD = 0.51, 95%CI 0.33 to 0.68, P < 0.001) and rotation (SMD = 0.20, 95%CI 0.01 to 0.38, P = 0.04), improved root mean square of cervical muscles electromygraphy (MD = 2.17, 95%CI 0.06 to 4.29, P = 0.04), but not significantly in cervical ROM of lateral flexion (SMD = 0.19, 95%CI -0.00 to 0.38, P = 0.06), cervical strength (SMD = -0.18, 95%CI -0.84 to 0.49, P = 0.60) and endurance (SMD = 0.18, 95%CI -0.39 to 0.75, P = 0.53). In term of activities and participation, SMT significantly improved cervical disability (MD = -0.96, 95%CI -1.55 to -0.38, P = 0.001), but not significantly in health status of patients with CNSNP (SMD = 0.08, 95%CI -0.03 to 0.20, P = 0.15). Conclusion SMT could improve pain intensity, pain sensitivity, cervical ROM and disability in patients with CNSNP, but its efficacy on muscle function, proprioception and health status is unclear.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880732

ABSTRACT

With the number of cases of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) increasing rapidly, the World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended that patients with mild or moderate symptoms could be released from quarantine without nucleic acid retesting, and self-isolate in the community. This may pose a potential virus transmission risk. We aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the duration of viral shedding for individual COVID-19 patients. This retrospective multicentric study enrolled 135 patients as a training cohort and 102 patients as a validation cohort. Significant factors associated with the duration of viral shedding were identified by multivariate Cox modeling in the training cohort and combined to develop a nomogram to predict the probability of viral shedding at 9, 13, 17, and 21 d after admission. The nomogram was validated in the validation cohort and evaluated by concordance index (C-index), area under the curve (AUC), and calibration curve. A higher absolute lymphocyte count (


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Area Under Curve , COVID-19/virology , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Nomograms , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Viral Load , Virus Shedding
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880629

ABSTRACT

Dermatomyositis (DM) is a kind of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy characterized by chronic proximal skeletal muscle weakness and unique skin lesions. However, DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa is rare. A 36-year-old male patient complained of muscular soreness of extremities, dysphagia, and pharyngalgia was diagnosed with DM with exfoliation of esophageal mucosa. After treatment with glucocorticoid, immunosuppressant, acupuncture, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), the above symptoms were disappeared. During the 3-year follow-up period, the results of routine physical examination, laboratory examination, gastroscopy, and imaging examination were normal. High-dose of corticosteroid is needed in the initial treatment, but it must be reduced regularly to avoid adverse reactions. Acupuncture and ESD are also effective as adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dermatomyositis/complications , Endoscopic Mucosal Resection , Esophageal Mucosa , Esophageal Neoplasms , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the effect and mechanism of Jiaotai Pill (, JTP) on insomniac rats.@*METHODS@#The insomniac model was established by intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). In behavioral experiments, rats were divided into control, insomniac model, JTP [3.3 g/(kg•d)], and diazepam [4 mg/(kg•d)] groups. The treatment effect of JTP was evaluated by weight measurement (increasement of body weight), open field test (number of crossings) and forced swimming test (immobility time). A high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was built to determine the concentration of monoamine transmitters in hypothalamus and peripheral organs from normal, model, JTP, citalopram [30 mg/(kg•d)], maprotiline [40 mg/(kg•d)] and bupropion [40 mg/(kg•d)] groups. Expressions of serotonin transporter (SERT), dopamine transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot in normal, model and JTP groups. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established to determine the pharmacokinetics, urine cumulative excretion of metformin in vivo, and tissue slice uptake in vitro, which were applied to assess the activity of organic cation transporters (OCTs) in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the insomniac model group, the body weight and spontaneous locomotor were increased, and the immobility time was decreased after treatment with JTP (P<0.01). Both serotonin and dopamine contents in hypothalamus and peripheral organs were increased (P<0.01). The norepinephrine content was increased in peripheral organs and decreased in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the same time, SERT, DAT, OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 were down-regulated in hypothalamus and peripheral organs (P<0.05). NET was down-regulated in peripheral organs and up-regulated in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, the activity of OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs was inhibited (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JTP alleviates insomnia through regulation of monoaminergic system and OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876862

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a HPLC method for simultaneous determination of quercitrin, luteoloside, rutin and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside in Yangxue Anshen syrup. Methods Waters symmetry C18 column (250 mm×4.6 mm, 5 μm) was used with 0.1% acetic acid (A) and methanol (B) as the mobile phase. Gradient elution was performed at a flow rate of 1.0 ml/min, 0-15 min, 95%-90%A; 15-35 min, 90%-70%A; 35-55 min, 70%-60%A; 55-85 min, 60%-50%A; 85-95 min, 10%A. The detection wavelengths were 256 nm and 320 nm. Column temperature was 30 ℃ and the injection volume was 10 μl. Results Quercitrin, luteoloside, rutin and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside showed good linear relationship within the range of 10-300, 5.0-150.0, 5.0-150.0, 20.0-600.0 µg/ml(r≥0.9989), respectively. The average recovery was (96.75±1.41)%, (99.61±1.01)%, (97.18±1.96)% and(99.12±0.97)% (n=6), respectively. Conclusion The established method is simple, accurate and stable, which can be used for the simultaneous determination of 4 components in Yangxue Anshen syrup.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876855

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the potential mechanism of Jiangzhihugan capsule (JZHG) for fatty liver (FL), and to provide a theoretical guideline for the clinical application of JZHG. Methods TCMSP and TCMID databases were used to search for the active components and targets of JZHG. GeneCards and OMIM database were used to search the FL related targets. The intersection method was used to identify the common targets of JZHG and FL. Cytoscape software was applied for the construction of active compounds-targets network map. Protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING software. Gene ontology functional enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were conducted with Bioconductor database and R software. Results 46 potential active components were screened out from JZHG. 7406 targets were retrieved through GeneCard and OMIM database. 118 genes were obtained from the intersection of component-target and disease-target. These genes were mainly involved with the response to oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammatory response, hormone resistance and other biological processes. The mechanism was related to PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, human cytomegalovirus infection, microRNAs in cancer, etc. Conclusion The mechanism of active ingredients for FL in JZHG may be due to improving lipid metabolism and reducing liver fat accumulation through anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammatory effects.

19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 803-808, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922161

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prostate health index (PHI) as a tool for the diagnosis of PCa with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L and determine the best cut-off value of PHI.@*METHODS@#Fifty-eight patients with a PSA level of 4-10 μg/L underwent transrectal ultrasound-guided prostatic biopsy in our hospital between April 2017 and June 2019. We constructed receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for the relationship of the biopsy results with the level of PSA, the ratio of [-2] proPSA to fPSA and PHI, and calculated the area under the ROC curves (AUC).@*RESULTS@#Prostatic biopsy revealed 18 cases of PCa in the 58 patients (31.0%). Statistically significant differences were observed between the PCa and non-PCa groups in [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI, but not in tPSA, % fPSA and PSA-density. The AUCs of PSA, % fPSA, PSA-density, [-2] proPSA, %[-2] proPSA and PHI were 0.556, 0.407, 0.533, 0.746, 0.751 and 0.774, respectively. The specificity of PHI was 27.50% (95% CI: 14.6%-43.9%), the highest among the above predictors at 90% sensitivity. By applying PHI to this cohort, 13 cases (22.4%) of unnecessary biopsy could be avoided.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of PHI can increase the accuracy of PCa prediction and reduce unnecessary prostatic biopsy.、.


Subject(s)
Asians , Humans , Macau , Male , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889755

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Excessive alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). We evaluated the association between alcohol-related genetic variants and CRC risk. @*Materials and Methods@#The study cohort consisted of 5,435 CRC cases and 3,553 population-based cancer-free controls. Genotype data were generated from germline DNA using the Infinium OncoArray-500K BeadChip in 2,535 cases and 2,287 controls and the Infinium Multi-Ethnic Global BeadChip in 2,900 cases and 1,266 controls. The associations between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 and alcohol dehydrogenase 1B (ADH1B) rs1229984 polymorphisms and CRC risk were assessed using multivariate logistic regression analyses. @*Results@#Compared with the major homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GG), heterozygous or minor homozygous ALDH2 genotype (GA or AA, related to a low alcohol consumption) was significantly associated with a reduced risk for CRC in men (odds ratio [OR], 0.78; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68 to 0.90), but not in women (OR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.47 to 1.05). A stronger association was found among regular drinkers (OR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.47 to 0.71 in men and OR, 0.33; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.58 in women). No association of CRC risk with ADH1B rs1229984 genotype was found. The association between alcohol-related combined genotypes and risk of CRC was significant (p for linear=0.001). The combined genotype with the highest genetically predicted alcohol consumption (ALDH2 rs671 GG and ADH1B rs1229984 AG/GG) was associated with a high risk for CRC (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.63). @*Conclusion@#Our study provides strong evidence for a possible causal association between alcohol consumption and CRC risk.

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