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Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 769-inside back cover, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691241


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, treatment and prognosis of patients with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was carried out to analyze the underlying disease, clinical characteristics, laboratory findings and outcomes of 46 patients with HPS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>This cohort included 19 cases of HPS secondary to cancer, 11 cases of HPS secondary to infection, 10 cases of suspected malignant lymphoma based on PET-CT findings (without biopsy), and 6 cases of unknown etiology. The coincidence rate of the clinical characteristics of the patients with the indices listed in HPS-2004 criteria were: fever (100%), elevated serum ferritin (100%), cytopenias (93.48%), splenomegaly (91.30%), hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow, spleen or lymph nodes (84.78%), hypofibrinogenemia (67.39%), and hypertriglyceridemia (54.05%). The cases of cancer, infections and unknown etiology showed significant differences in serum levels of ferritin and β2MG (P<0.05), and significant differences were found in triglycerides, LDH, and fibrinogenemia between the nonfatal and fatal cases (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HPS can be secondary to various underlying diseases, many associated with Epstein-Barr virus infection. Cancer, especially NK/T-cell lymphoma, is the main cause of HPS. Persistent fever, elevated serum ferritin level and cytopenias are the most sensitive indicators for diagnosis of HPS, and early diagnosis and treatment are critical to lower the mortality rate of this disease.</p>

Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 858-864, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246854


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the biological characteristics and immunosuppressive activity between human amniotic mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSC) and human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMMSC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MSC from human amnion and bone marrow were isolated using enzymatic digestion and Ficoll-Hypaque density gradients, respectively. Their biological characteristics were compared by morphology, cell growth curves, cell cycle profile analysis, immunophenotype and immunofluorescence assay. Their immunosuppressive activities were studied on total activated T-cells with phytohemagglutinin (PHA-PBMSC). An in vitro co-culture was performed to compared the lymphocyte proliferation and the supernatant level of IFN-γ were measured by CCK-8 method and ELISA, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both hAMSC and hBMMSC demonstrated fibroblast-like morphology. The hAMSC were able to be amplified for at least 15 passages, while the hBMMSC only for 6-7 passages. There was no significant difference in the proportion of G2/M phase cells of the 2 cells types (P>0.05). By FACS analysis for immunophenotype, both MSC were shown to be positive for CD105, CD90, CD73 and negative for CD34, CD45, CD11b, CD19, HLA-DR, but hAMSC were positive for Oct-3/4, which was in contrast to hBMMSC. Both of them expressed vimentin. Both the cells exhibited a inhibitory role on the lymphocyte proliferation induced by PHA in co-culture conditions, that was increased with the increase MSC proportion and both the suppressing effecs were enhanced. The supernatant IFN-γ levels of hAMSC co-cultured with lymphocyte at a ratio of 1:1 after 72 hours were measured by ELISA, and the level of IFN-γ was significantly lower than that in the same co-culture system of hBMMSC. In contrast to the IFN-γ in the PHA-stimulated group, the IFN-γ level in both co-culture groups was significantly lower.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MSC from amnion displayed a higher proliferative capacity and stem cell properties, compared with hBMMSC. Both MSC can inhibit lymphocyte proliferation and suppress IFN-γ secretion induced by PHA in vitro.</p>

Humans , Amnion , Cell Biology , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Immunophenotyping , Immunosuppression Therapy , Lymphocyte Activation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology