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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879020

ABSTRACT

To demonstrate the fragmentation patterns of simple coumarins furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8), furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) and dihydrofuran coumarin by mass spectrometry, with fraxin, scopoletin, isopsoralen, pimpinellin, isoimperatorin, notopterol and noda-kenin as study subjects, so as to provide a basis for rapid identification of compounds in different subtypes of coumarins. Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography combined with quardrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) was implemented in both positive and negative ion modes. Masslynx software was employed to provide the elemental constituents of each detected ion based on its accurate molecular weight. Chemdraw 2014 was used to cultivate mass number of each inferred structure. The fragment pattern of each compound was determined based on the structures inferred from all the relevant ions. And the patterns were drawn by Chemdraw 2014. The deviation between the calculated molecular weight of the inferred structure and the detected value of the ions was used to assess the correctness of the inferred structures in the fragmentation patterns. The results showed that with UPLC-Q-TOF, neutral loss of CO_2 and CO was reflected in lactone and furan skeletons from the courmarin structure. An even mass was attributed to the loss of an odd number of methyl radicals from compounds with a methoxy substituent. Furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) produced a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+), while the other courmarin subtypes produced either a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) or a sodium adduct of the molecular ion([M+Na]~+) with a protonated molecular ion([M+H]~+). The m/z 203.03 was a diagnostic ion for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7), and the m/z 147.04 was supplementary evidence for furanocourmarin(C_6-C_7) identification. The characteristic ion of furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was m/z 131.05, while m/z 187.04 was the characteristic ion of dihydrofuran coumarin. The m/z 203.03 ion for furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) was pretty weak. In negative ion mode, furanocourmarin(C_7-C_8) did not have any signals that were different from the other subtypes of courmarins. The fragmentation patterns in negative ion mode for the other subtypes of courmarins were similar to those in positive ion mode. Four types of fragmentation patterns were identified as forcourmarins from Notopterygium inchum. This study provides the basis for the rapid identification of courmarin subtypes by mass spectrometry.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Coumarins , Humans , Ions , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Extracts , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the volatile oil of Notopterygium inchum and N. franchetii by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Method:Ten batches of N. inchum and N. franchetii were harvested from Sichuan and Gansu,including eight batches of wild samples, one batch of cultivated N. inchum and one batch of cultivated N. franchetii. Volatile oil was extracted according to the methods in Chinese Pharmacopeia, and the chemical constituents were analyzed with GC-MS technology. Result:Ninety-seven chemical compounds were identified,including monoterpenes,sesquiterpenes and non-terpenes. The calculation results of the relative content of chemical components showed that α-pinene(25.39%-41.68%),β-pinene(19.34%-40.95%) and limonene(4.59%-11.99%) were main compounds in volatile oil of N. inchum and N. franchetii. Relative content of α-pinene was higher than that of β-pinene in wild N. inchum and cultivated N. franchetii, while relative content of β-pinene was higher than that of α-pinene in wild N. franchetii. Relative content of β-pinene in samples stored for one year was lower than that of newly harvested ones. The partial least squares discriminant analysis with SIMCA-P+11.5 software showed that the samples from Gansu and Sichuan provinces had no significant differences, and additionally,one-year-stored samples and newly-harvested samples were clustered into two groups. Conclusion:This study showed that the storage had influence on the chemical constituents of volatile oil in N. inchum, and it also revealed the differences in volatile oil components of wild and cultivated Notopterygium. The above mentioned work provided chemical basis for the pharmacology comparison study of volatile oil from different kinds of N. inchum and N. franchetii.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-258, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are a series of perioperative care to optimize preoperative preparation, prevent postoperative complications, minimize stress, and speed up recovery. This study aimed to assess the impact of ERAS protocols for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP).@*METHODS@#One hundred and two patients with CRSwNP undergoing FESS were randomly divided into the ERAS group and the control group. The outcomes of the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale (MOS-SS) and Kolcaba Comfort Scale Questionnaire (GCQ) were determined in both groups. The serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) were compared preoperatively and 24 hours postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#The ERAS group had a significantly better SAS scores than did the control group (28 [24, 35] vs. 43 [42, 47], Z = 5.968, P  0.05); However, the CRP level in 24 hours postoperatively was significantly lower in the ERAS group than that in the control group (2.5 [1.4, 3.9] vs. 6.6 [3.8, 9.0], Z = 5.027, P  0.05), hemorrhage, aspiration and tumble, were not increased in the ERAS group compared with those in the control group. The ERAS group had a significantly shorter length of hospital stay (5 [4, 5] days vs. 8 [8,9] days, Z = 8.939, P < 0.001) and hospitalization expenses ($ 2670 [2375, 2740] vs. $3129 [3116, 3456], Z = 8.514, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ERAS protocols might optimize FESS for patients with CRSwNP by reducing psychological and physical stress, shortening the length of hospital stay and lowering hospitalization expenses without increasing postoperative complications.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, No. ChiCTR1800015791; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=26872.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Chronic Disease , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Metabolism , General Surgery , Perioperative Care , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Sinusitis , Metabolism , General Surgery , Surveys and Questionnaires , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery , Methods , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817704

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To investigate the predictive value of blood eosinophil in eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps(eosCRSwNP)by analyzing the characteristics of eosCRSwNP adult patients in Guangdong Province, China.【Method】From Oct.2017 to Sep.2018,a total of 108 eosCRSwNP adult inpatients scheduled for surgery in Department of Otorhinolaryngology,Head and Neck Surgery,The Third Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University were enrolled. They were divided into eosCRSwNP(n = 39) and non-eosCRSwNP(n = 69) group by the pathologic features. The demographic and clinical features were collected and compared.【Results】The eosCRSwNP group accounted for 36.1% while non-eosCRSwNP group accounted for 63.9% in our study. A higher prevalence of allergic rhinitis,asthma and higher blood IgE level,bilateral Lund-Mackay score of posterior ethmoid sinus,ethmoid to maxillary Lund-Mackay score ratio, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage and peripheral blood basophil absolute count and percentage were found in eosCRSwNP patients. Only peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage were independent predictors of eosCRSwNP. The cutoff absolute value of 0.275×109/L demonstrated a sensitivity of 74.4% and a specificity of 72.5% while the cutoff relative value of 4.32% demonstrated a sensitivity of 74.4% and a specificity of 73.9%.【Conclusion】Non-eosCRSwNP was predominant in Guangdong. EosCRSwNP differs from non-eosCRSwNP in many clinical features,while peripheral blood eosinophil count and percentage were independent predictors of eosCRSwNP.

5.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 372-376, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858790

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the quantification method for free amino acids including threonine, alanine, lysine and tyrosine in the inner part of Poria cocos. METHODS: AQC (6-quinolyl-N-hydroxy-succinimidyl-carboxylate) was used as deriving reagent, and pre-column derivatization combined with ultra-high performance chromatography was applied to quantify threonine, alanine, lysine and tyrosine in 24 batches of the inner part of Poria cocos from Yunnan, Hubei and Anhui provinces. The experimental data were analyzed by partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) using Simca-p+11 software. RESULTS: Alanine existed in every batch of sample, and its content ranged from 16.97-69.92 μg·g-1 in samples collected from different origins. Threonine, lysine and tyrosine were not found in some samples. The PLS-DA result showed that the samples from Yunnan and Anhui provinces clustered well. While the amino acid contents in the samples from Hubei province varied greatly. CONCLUSION: AQC combined with pre-column derivatization is a convenient, rapid and sensitive method to quantify the free amino acids in Poria.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236007

ABSTRACT

Sodium aescinate, which is produced from saponins of Chinese Buckeye Seed, is a prescription drug for treatment of brain edema and all kinds of swellings caused by surgery. In this article, high-performance liquid chromatography/ion trap (HPLC-IT) mass spectrometry was applied to study the characteristic ions of ten reference substances, namely escin Ⅰa, escin Ⅰb, isoescin Ⅰa, isoescin Ⅰb, aesculiside A, aesculiside B, aesculuside A, escin Ⅳc, escinⅡa and escin Ⅴ, which were isolated from aescinate. Furthermore, 19 saponin compounds were predicted in sodium aescinate, besides the above mentioned reference substances. The study showed that sapogenins in sodium aescinate had two structural types, namely protoaescigenin and barringenol C, and the substituent acetyl, tigloyl or angeloyl was usually located at C-21, C-22 or C-28 position. Among these predicted saponins, their sugar chains were all located at C-3 position consisting of glucose and glucuronide. This study provides experimental data for chemical constituents in sodium aescinate and scientific basis for quality and safety evaluation.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284765

ABSTRACT

A comprehensively comparison of the chemical profiles between sun-drying BJ (NBJ) and sulfur-fumigated BJ (SBJ) was conducted by HPLC analysis and the discrepant peaks were identified or tentatively assigned by HPLC-ESI-MSn. A total of 32 chemical components were used for qualitative comparison. Meanwhile, a quantitative comparison of BJwere conducted by HPLC analysis and determining seven compounds from 3 NBJ and 3 SBJ samples dramatic chemical changes were found. After sulfur fumigation, the contents of flavonoids glycosides and phenolic acids were remarkably reduced, but the contents of flavonoids aglycones were significantly increased. Multivariate statistics, including principle component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) were used to investigate the potential damaging effect of sulfur-fumigating process. The PCA score plots showed six samples were clearly classified into the sun-drying and sulfur-fumigating groups. And according to VIP >1, the most important chemical markers were apigenin, luteolin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquninic acid which could be used to distinguish NBJ and SBJ samples. Combining the results of qualitative and quantitative analysis, it showed that the sulfur fumigation has a significant effect on BJ.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chrysanthemum , Chemistry , Fumigation , Least-Squares Analysis , Principal Component Analysis , Sulfur
8.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E304-E310, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804421

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the interaction between vessel and vena cava filter (VCF) with different numbers of support poles and the influence on blood flow during its implantation by using finite element method and computational fluid dynamics method, so as to provide more scientific guidance for intervention treatment and design & development of the filter. Methods Three kinds of VCF models with 4, 6, 8 support poles were established by using Solidworks, respectively. The stress distribution and radial support stiffness of the vessel and filter under working condition were then simulated and analyzed by using ABAQUS. The distributions of blood flow velocity, pressure and shear stress after VCF implantation were simulated by using Fluent. Results All the mechanical and fluid properties of the three kinds of VCFs were within the scope of security. The comprehensive mechanical performance of the 6-pole filter was better, while for the 8 pole-filter, it showed larger stress under working condition, larger support intensity, higher exit velocity, larger shear stress on the filter mesh, and the trail of the flow was changed from laminar to transition flow, which might cause some damage to the vessel wall. The 4 pole-filter under working condition had a larger stress on the vessel, while its exit velocity was lower, which could be likely to cause local damage on the vessel wall, and disadvantageous to accurately positioning the filter in diseased region of the vessel. Conclusions The 6 pole-filter has a superior hemodynamic effect and comprehensive mechanical properties, which reduces the potential possibility of damage to the vessel wall caused by implantation of the filter. The simulation analysis on VCF provides a good reference for design of the filter and its intervention treatment in clinic.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283829

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To optimize technique of wine-processed gentian (root of Gentiana manshurica, G. scabra, G. triflora and G. rigescens.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Orthogonal design L9 (3(4)) was used to select the best processing technical parameters by yields of the water extracts and amounts of gentiopicroside in the processing products.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The optimal procedure was suggested as follows: Gentiana Radix was cut into 5-10 millimetres' long, added one-fifth amounts of wine by gentian's weight, moistened for two hours, and then dried by slow fire.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The amounts of gentiopicroside in wine-processed gentian were closely related to the types and amounts of wine, moistened time and dried method.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Gentiana , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Reproducibility of Results , Wine
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295449

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the processing method of fructus evodiae and its standard for quality control, toxicity aspects and pharmacodynamics were carried out at the same time.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In the studies of processing techniques, the optimized technical parameters were determined by the contents of evodiamine and evodine. And the acute toxicity and pharmacodynamics were studied by rats.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The process was that the liquorice-processed fructus evodiae was wetted by liquorice decoction by sixth of raw fructus evodiae (V/W) and fried below 230 degrees C. The method of detecting the contents of evodiamine and evodine was that Alltima ODS C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm); mobile phase acetonitrile-water-tetrahydrofuran-phosphoric acid (51:48: 1: 0.05); column temperature 25 degrees C; mobile rate 0.8 mL x min(-1); wave length 225 nm. The toxicity experimentation show that rats didnt show any notable changes after affused the raw material and the processed fructus evodiae's decotion 40 g x kg(-1) b. w. at one time seven days constantly. The analgesic effect was observed after 0.6 g (material) x kg(-1) (weight) b. w.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The toxicity of the raw material and the processed one were low and the liquorice-processed fructus evodia analgesic effect was good.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Toxicity , Animals , Chromatography , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Toxicity , Female , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Linear Models , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pain , Drug Therapy , Reproducibility of Results , Rutaceae , Chemistry , Temperature
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295421

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for comparing the differences between fresh and dried ginger juice.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The RP-HPLC fingerprint method was performed on an Alltech C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with mobile phase in gradient elution composed of A-acetonitrie and B-water at a flow rate: 0.8 mL x min(-1). The detecting wavelength was 280 nm, and the column temperature 25 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There was no significant difference among the same breed ginger juice of different batches. But there was significant difference between crushed ginger juice and the boiled juice. Trytophan, 6-gingerol were common constituents of the three kinds of ginger juice, the fresh ginger and the dry ginger. Besides, 6-shogaol emerged in the boiled juice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The RP-HPLC fingerprints spectrum can be used to distinguish different ginger juices. And the crushed juice of fresh ginger have the same chemical consititents with the fresh ginger.</p>


Subject(s)
Catechols , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Fatty Alcohols , Chemistry , Ginger , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Tryptophan , Chemistry
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 858-861, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268565

ABSTRACT

The skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans, originated from Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor (Bufonidae), is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of hepatoma, lung cancer and etc. The preparation of the aqueous components has significant therapeutic effect against the digestive tract cancer. The water-soluble chemical constituents in the skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans were then investigated to make clear the active compounds. Six compounds were isolated and purified by recrystallization and column chromatography on silica gel and ODS, their structures were elucidated as 4-amido-3-hydroxymethyl-cyclooctylamidezotetra-alpha-furanone (I), bufogargarizanine C (II), bufothionine (III), dehydrobufotenine hydrobromide (IV), suberic acid (V) and succinic acid (VI) on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data (UV, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and MS). Of the above compounds, compounds I and II are new compounds and named bufogargarizanine B and C, respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Chemistry , Bufo bufo , Caprylates , Chemistry , Dicarboxylic Acids , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Conformation , Molecular Structure , Skin , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the equivalent relationship between granule for clinical prescription and clincal decoction by use of fructus evodiae as a demonstrated object.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Compared the equivalent ratio relationship of granule for clincal prescription and clincal decoction by determination of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evodine, total alkaloids and dried extract ratio as markers, ten batches reference decoctions were prepared according to clinical usage as evaluation standards, common-use processed fructus evodiae products, such as salt-processed fructus evodiae, liquorice-proccesed fructus evodiae, as researching objects, and finally validated by pharmacological trials.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Equivalent ratios of granule for clical prescription to clincal decoction are about two in all processed products, and the pharmacological evaluation showed no siginificant difference in this ratio.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This equivalent ratio model could be referenced in the production. But, it must be noticed that different herbal medicines perhaps have different equivalent ratio, which should be studied further according to its techniques and production conditions, and finally need to be revalidated by clinical trial.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Evodia , Chemistry , Female , Fruit , Chemistry , Hot Temperature , Indole Alkaloids , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pain Threshold , Plant Extracts , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quinazolines , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246005

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for determination of matrine, sophoridine and oxymatrine in Compound Kushen Injection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Alltima amino column was used with acetonitrile-3% phosphoric acid-ethyl alcohol (80:10:10) as the mobile phase and the detection wavelength was at 220 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The mean recovery of matrine, sophoridine and oxymatrine in Compound Kushen Injection was 99.51% (RSD 1. 58%), 99.24% (RSD 1.44%) and 100.22% (RSD 1.85%), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was simple, rapid, accurate and specific and suitable for quality control of the product.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Quinolizines , Reproducibility of Results
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324370

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Utilizing RP-HPLC analysis of single, merging and simultaneously boiled Lonicera japonica and Forsythia suspense to find out their identity and difference.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Samples were separated by Alltech-C18 column (4. 6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) with a mixture solution of acetonitrile-water (containing 0.2% ethanoic acid) as mobile phase, 1.0 mL x min(-1) as flow-rate, 280 nm as detected wave-length, room temperature as temperature of column, 10 microL as injected volume.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The linear ranges of chlorogenic acid and forsythoside A were 0.980-9.800 microg (r = 0.999 9) and 0.972-9. 720 microg (r = 0.999 9), respectively. The average recoveries of chlorogenic acid and forsythoside A were 99.85% (n = 6, RSD 2.0%) and 100.87% (n = 6, RSD 1.6%), respectively. Major peaks were confirmed to the two component herbs, contents of chlorogenic acid and forsythoside A were determinated, ingredients were represented by following peaks were compared qualitatively: peaks k, m, n: L. japonica > merging sample > boiled sample; peaks g, h: Forsythia suspense > merging sample > boiled sample; peaks d, e, i: boiled sample > L. japonica, boiled sample > merging sample.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Difference and identities among 4 experimental samples of RP-HPLC separations show that Yinqiao, L. japonica and F. suspense' substances are difference and identities, which offered direction for investigating further the topic-pharmacodynamic substance of Yinqiao, provided increasing experimental evidence for clinic medicine and pharmaceutics and supplied reference for the complex prescription of traditional Chinese medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Forsythia , Chemistry , Glycosides , Hot Temperature , Lonicera , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246052

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a new quality evaluation method for Chinese herbal medicine, using one chemical reference substance to calculate multi-components simultaneously.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Relative correction factors (RCF) of mutongsaponin B and C to saponin PJ1, a characteristic component as marker, were calcalated in The chromatographic conditions for determination of the three saponins in Caulis Akebiae akebiae as a research model. The contents of saponin PJ1 were determined by external standard method, and those of mutongsaponin B and C were calculated by saponin PJ1 and their RCF. The accuracy of the new method was evaluated by comparing the calculated contents with the determined contents.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The analysis procedures were validated. There has been no significant difference between the calculated contents and the determined contents, according to the angle cosine value, and the calcalated RCF have confidence value.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method of multi-components quantitation by one marker has been verified in caulis akebiae and it is to be a new quality evaluation pattern for Chinese herbal medicines.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Humans , Magnoliopsida , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Saponins
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a determination method of aristolochic acid A in Guanxisuhe preparations by RP-HPLC.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The instrument used was Hewlett-Packard 1100 HPLC with a Alltech C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm). The mobile phase was methanol-water-acetic acid (68: 32:1) and the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1). The UV detection wavelength was 390 nm and the column temperature was at 35 degrees C. The extracted solvent for the preparations was methanol solution contained 10% formic acid.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The calibration curve was linear (r = 0.999 9) within the range of 0.119-1.89 microg for aristolochic acid A. The average recovery 99.0%, RSD 0.63%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method with good linear relationship was convenient, quick, accurate, and suitable for the quality control of the aristolochic acid A in Guanxinsuhe and other traditional Chinese medicines containing aristolochic acid A.</p>


Subject(s)
Aristolochia , Chemistry , Aristolochic Acids , Capsules , Cardiotonic Agents , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Liquidambar , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350958

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method of the quantitative determination of acetylharpagide in Ajuga decumbens.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The chromatographic conditions were as follows: a Phenomenex Luna C18 column was used, the mobile phase was composed of acetontrile-water (15:85), the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1) and the UV absorbance detection was set at 197 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Linearity of acetylharpagide was in the range of 0.6-3.6 microg (r = 0.9993), and the average recovery and RSD were 99.13% and 2.48%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The contents of acetylharpagide ranged 0.40%-6.39% in A. decumbens. The method was simple, accurate and sensitive.</p>


Subject(s)
Ajuga , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Pyrans , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287339

ABSTRACT

To review the chemical, pharmacological, studies on ginger (Zingiber officinale) in the last ten years, and also its processing history and clinical uses. Gingerols and related compounds in ginger have many pharmacological activities. Chemical studies should be given sufficiently emphasis, and advances of the chemical study will promote the other related researches to develop in depth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anticholesteremic Agents , Pharmacology , Antiemetics , Pharmacology , Catechols , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Fatty Alcohols , Chemistry , Ginger , Chemistry , Hot Temperature , Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Rhizome , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the possibility of selectively detoxifying aristolochic acids in Aristolochiae manshuriensis (Guanmutong) by the chemical properties of aristolochic acids and traditional Chinese processing experience.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The technical parameters in processing technique of A. manshuriensis were optimized by orthogonal designed methods with aristolochic acid A.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The processing technique was soaked in 0.1 mol x L(-1) baking soda for several times and then processing with vinegar. Temperature was important factor to detoxify aristolochic acids. aristolochic acid A were removed over 90% from A. manshuriensis in laboratory and over 80% in medium-scale production by 10 batches from two origins of botanical drugs with different contents, and decreased to 0.35-0.60 mg x g(-1) in processed products. aristolochic acid A existed mostly salt-forms in the botanical drug.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Most toxic components in Guanmutong could be removed by the new processing method.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid , Aristolochia , Chemistry , Aristolochic Acids , Hot Temperature , Pharmaceutical Solutions , Chemistry , Plant Stems , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sodium Bicarbonate , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Temperature
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