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Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 705-709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986198


Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognosis of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) in patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Methods: 353 cases with PBC who visited the Liver Disease Center of Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between January 2000 and January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into the past HBV infection group (156 cases) and the no HBV infection group (197 cases). The two groups' baseline clinical features were compared. Ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, and long-term liver transplantation-free survival rate were compared through outpatient and telephone follow-up. Results: PBC with past HBV infection had a significantly reduced female proportion compared to the no HBV infection group (91.9% vs. 79.5%, P = 0.001). However, there were no statistically significant differences in age, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, platelet count, cirrhosis proportion, and others. Ursodeoxycholic acid biochemical response rate was reduced in patients with past HBV infection at the end of one year of treatment, but the difference was not statistically significant (65.8% vs. 78.2%, P = 0.068). In addition, there were no statistically significant differences between the GLOBE score (0.57 vs. 0.59, P = 0.26) and UK-PBC 5-year (2.87% vs. 2.87%, P = 0.38), 10-year (9.29% vs. 8.2%, P = 0.39) and 15-year liver transplantation rates (16.6% vs. 14.73%, P = 0.39). Lastly, the overall 5-year liver transplantation-free survival rate had no statistically significant difference between the two groups of patients (86.4% vs. 87.5%, P = 0.796). Conclusion: Primary biliary cholangitis had no discernible effect in terms of age at onset, biochemical indices, immunological indicators, cirrhosis proportion, ursodeoxycholic acid response rate after one year, GLOBE score, UK-PBC score, or overall liver transplantation-free survival rate in patients with past hepatitis B virus infections.

Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 357-361, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935954


Connective tissue disease (CTD) are closely related to liver abnormality. CTD can affect the liver causing various degrees of liver injury, coexist with other liver diseases, especially autoimmune liver disease (ALD). Medications for CTD can also lead to liver injury or reactivate the hepatitis B virus. CTD patients can also be positive for ALD-related autoantibodies without corresponding manifestation; and vis versa. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis should be made on integrating clinical presentation, laboratory, imaging, and histological studies, not solely relying on autoantibody positivity.

Humans , Autoantibodies , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Connective Tissue Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Liver
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 118-120, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290629


To observe the characteristics of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) with a suboptimal biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid. A total of 38 Chinse PBC patients (5 male patients, 33 female patients, average age 55 years old) with treatment of ursodeoxycholic acid in our hospital from January 1999 to January 2009 were erolled and studied retrospectively. 17 suboptimal biochemical responders mainly presented with liver diseases related symptoms including jaundice (41.1%), fatigue, anorexia (23.5%), edema and abdominal distension (11.7%). 21 good biochemical responders mainly presented with abnormal liver function tests without symptoms. The suboptimal biochemical responders had significantly higher baseline levels of total serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, immunoglobulin G and globulin as compared to the good biochemical responsers. There were no differences in gender, age and the dose of UDCA. PBC patients with liver diseases related symptoms, marked abnormal liver tests and characteristics of autoimmune hepatitis may have a suboptimal biochemical response to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment.