Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828210

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the tensile mechanics and anatomical characteristics of the posterior hip capsule, and provide biomechanical and anatomical evidence for capsule repair in total hip replacement.@*METHODS@#Six bone-capsule-bone specimens were obtained from posterior hip joint of fresh frozen cadavers. The maximum strain, load, elastic modulus and load strain curves of the capsule ligament complex specimens were recorded by Instron Universal Material Testing Machine. Twelve cadaveric hip specimens were dissected to the capsule. The tensile strain of normal capsule and conventionally reconstructed capsule at 90 degrees of hip flexion were documented. The suture area of the posterior capsule was divided into nine sections, and the thicknessof different sections was measured and compared. Posterior capsule of the cadavers was repaired in conventionally way and anatomical way separately and simulated rehabilitation was conducted. The effect of rehabilitation on the repaired capsule was observed.@*RESULTS@#The load-strain curve of capsule ligament complex conforms to rheological and viscoelastic characteristics. The maximum tensile strain of the complex was (39.21±5.23)%, the maximum load was (142.06± 34.15) N, the tensile strength was (1.65±0.38) MPa, and the elastic modulus is (14.23±5.62) MPa. At 90 ° hip flexion, the tensile strain of repaired capsule was higher than that of normal capsule, and the difference was statistically significant (< 0.05). Tensile strain of conventionally reconstructed capsule is:upper part (37.0±4.9)%, middle part ( 53.3±1.1)%, lower part (68.3±6.2)%, tensile strain of normal capsule is:upper part (17.0±2.6)%, middle part (24.1±1.4)%, lower part (26.0± 4.3)% . The thickness of the posterior joint capsulein different sections is statistically significant (<0.05), and capsule at 0.5cm proximal to the femoral insertion is suitable for suture. There the average thickness of capsule is:upper part (3.48 ± 0.11) mm, middle part (2.36 ± 0.09) mm, lower part (1. 59±0.24) mm. The posterior inferior joint capsule is thinnest at (1.42± 0.02) cm proximal to the femoral insertion, and sutures should be avoided here. After simulating rehabilitation, avulsion occurred in the lower part of the posterior capsule repaired conventionally (10/12), and the anatomically repaired capsule remained intact.@*CONCLUSION@#The lower part of conventionally repaired capsule is overstretched and tends to fail. Anatomically repaired capsule conforms to tensile mechanics and is helpful to reduce the failure rate of repair.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Biomechanical Phenomena , Femur , Hip Joint , General Surgery , Humans , Joint Capsule , General Surgery , Tensile Strength
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate how to place the anteversion of acetabular prosthesis more reasonably in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis.@*METHODS@#A total of 122 patients with degenerative kyphosis of lumbar spine who underwent total hip arthroplasty from December 2017 to October 2019 were included and divided into experimental group and control group, 61 cases in each group. In experimental group, there were 25 males and 36 females, with a median age of 67.0 years;the median course of disease was 46.0 months;the functional pelvic plane with acetabular anteversion was set according to different types of pelvic anterior plane bracket. In control group, there were 27 males and 34 females, with a median age of 67.0 years;the median course was 42.0 months;in control group, the anteversion was set by the traditional method. The patients were followed up for 3 months. The operation time and blood loss were recorded. The incidence of infection and dislocation within 3 months was counted. Harris score before and 3 months after operation was recorded. Functional anteversion angle of standing position was measured 3 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group, there was no difference in operation time and blood loss between the two groups (P=0.918, 0.381);there was no infection between two groups within 3 months after operation;there was 1 case of hip joint dislocation in the control group and no dislocation in experimental group. There was no significant difference in Harris score before and after operation. Three months later, reexamination of pelvic standing radiographs showed that the number of patients with functional anteversion of acetabular prosthesis outside the safe area was less in experimental group thanin control group (@*CONCLUSION@#According to the preoperative evaluation and classification of patients, better functional anteversion of acetabular prosthesis can be obtained with the help of pelvic anterior plane reference bracket in hip arthroplasty with lumbar degenerative kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Hip Joint , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Kyphosis , Male , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756720

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway in knee joint synovial tissues of rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to explore the action mechanism of EA on RA. Methods: Twelve of the 48 SPF male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were assigned to a normal group by the random number table method. The remaining 36 rats were subjected to RA model preparation by intradermal injection of the Freund's complete adjuvant into the right hind foot pad of each rat under sterile conditions. After the model was successfully prepared, rats were then divided into a model group, a drug group and an EA group according to a random number table method (n=12). Rats in the drug group were treated with 2 mL aqueous solution of tripterygium glycosides [8.1 mg/(kg?bw)]; rats in the EA group were treated with EA at bilateral Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Zusanli (ST 36), for 30 min each time; rats in the normal group and the model group were placed in a special rat fixation tank for 30 min each time, and received the same dose of normal saline as those in the drug group. Rats in all groups received intervention once a day for 4 weeks. Diameter of rat ankle joint and rat arthritis index were measured before and after the intervention. At the end of the experiment, the expressions of phospho-JAK2 and phospho-STAT3 were determined by immunohistochemistry. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect JAK2 and STAT3 mRNAs expressions. Results: After the model was produced, the arthritis index >2 was considered successful in model preparation. Compared with the model group, the ankle joint diameters and arthritis indexes of rats in the drug group and the EA group were significantly lower (all P<0.01); immunohistochemical staining cells with phospho-JAK2 and phospho-STAT3 were significantly decreased (all P<0.01); the expression levels of JAK2 and STAT3 mRNAs were decreased with statistical differences (all P<0.01). There were no significant differences between the EA group and the drug group (all P>0.05). Conclusion: EA can alleviate the inflammatory response of RA rats, improve their pathological conditions, reduce the expressions of phospho-JAK2 and phospho-STAT3 in the synovial tissue of knee joint, and decrease the expressions of JAK2 and STAT3 mRNAs. The therapeutic effect of EA is comparable to that of the tripterygium glycosides. The mechanism of EA treatment may be related to the inactivation of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 637-640, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309662

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristics of father-to-son vertical transmission of Y chromosome microdeletions</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We detected the Y by detection of Y chromosome microdeletions in infertile men and analysis of some of their families. chromosome azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletions in the peripheral blood of 1 052 infertile males, investigated the paternal relatives of 12 cases of AZFc, 1 case of AZFb and 1 case of AZFb + c microdeletions, and drew the family tree diagrams of the infertile paternal relatives according to the findings.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 1 052 infertile patients, 89 (9.73%) were found with Y chromosomal microdeletions, including 56 with AZFc, 6 with AZFa, 5 with AZFb, 14 with AZFb + c, and 8 with AZFa + b + c deletion. The investigation of the 14 patients'families revealed 1 case of AZFb and 1 case of AZFb + c deletion de novo. Among the 12 cases of AZFc deletion, vertical heredity was found in 5 patients with severe oligozoospermia, but not in the other 7 with azoospermia.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AZFe deletion may be vertically inherited from the father in severe oligozoospermia patients, and it is different from the paternal phenotype, while in azoospermia patients, AZF deletion, whatever type it may be, is less likely to be associated with vertical paternal heredity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Y , Genetics , Humans , Infertility, Male , Male , Mass Screening , Pedigree , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Sex Chromosome Disorders of Sex Development , Genetics , Young Adult
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare anatomical differences between subinguinal and ilioinguinal approaches for the treatment of acetabular fracture and investigate clinical therapeutic effect of subinguinal approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven fresh human bodies were chosen, comparative study were performed on the right and left side on the same specimen. Ilioinguinal approaches were adopted on the left and subinguinal were adopted on the right. Inner part of incision started to sun wild above pubic symphysis at 2 cm, and lateral incision ranged from iliac to anterior superior spine about 5 cm. Length and transverse diameter of the first window exposed and lliopsoas freeness were tested and compared. Fifteen acetabular fracture patients treated through subinguinal approach were compared from May 2010 to August 2012. Among all patients, including 12 males and 3 females aged from 20 to 65 years old with an average of 40.6 years old. Matta criteria were used to evaluate clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Length and transverse diameter of the first window exposed and lliopsoas freeness through subinguinal approach were better than through ilioinguinal approach (P<0.01). In 15 patients with acetabular fracture, 10 patients obtained anatomical reduction and 10 patients got satisfied reduction in accordance with Matta criteria. X-ray results of all patients were excellent.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with ilioinguinal approach, subinguinal approach could enlarge visualization of the first window and simplify surgical procedure. It is an ideal approach to expose anterior and anterior-medialis wall of acetabulum and anterior hip capsule.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Groin , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical outcomes of multi-ligaments reconstruction with single tendon in treating acute joint dislocation of the first carpometacarpal.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2008 to October 2012, 4 patients with acute dislocation of the first carpometacarpal were treated with single carpi radialis longus tendon to reconstruct periarticular four ligaments, which included dorsal ligament, palmar ligament, dorsal radiocarpal ligament, and intermetacarpal ligament between the first and second. There were 3 males and 1 female aged from 22 to 63 years old with an average of 38.7. X-ray, JAMAR grid strength testing, range of motion of carpometacarpal joint and VAS score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 6 to 40 months with an average of 19 months. The wound were healed well at stage I. No dislocation of the first carpometacarpal joint and signs of joints degeneration occurred on X-ray at 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. JAMAR grip strength recovered from 60 percent to 90 percent of health wide. The results of ROM showed 3 cases recovered flexion and extension of joints and 1 case limited adduction. VAS score was 0 to 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For acute dislocation of the first carpometacarpal joint, reconstruction four ligaments with single carpi radialis longus tendon can be considered the selected treatment,which can restores joint stability and improve joint function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Carpal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Female , Hand Injuries , General Surgery , Humans , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Ligaments, Articular , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Tendons , General Surgery , Young Adult
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 44(4): 303-310, Apr. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-581494

ABSTRACT

Chondrocytes and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are frequently used as seed cells in cartilage tissue engineering. In the present study, we determined if the co-culture of rabbit articular chondrocytes and BMSCs in vitro promotes the expression of cartilaginous extracellular matrix and, if so, what is the optimal ratio of the two cell types. Cultures of rabbit articular chondrocytes and BMSCs were expanded in vitro and then cultured individually or at a chondrocyte:BMSC ratio of 4:1, 2:1, 1:1, 1:2, 1:4 for 21 days and cultured in DMEM/F12. BMSCs were cultured in chondrogenic induction medium. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blot were used to evaluate gene expression. In the co-cultures, type II collagen and aggrecan expression increased on days 14 and 21. At the mRNA level, the expression of type II collagen and aggrecan on day 21 was much higher in the 4:1, 2:1, and 1:1 groups than in either the articular chondrocyte group or the induced BMSC group, and the best ratio of co-culture groups seems to be 2:1. Also on day 21, the expression of type II collagen and aggrecan proteins in the 2:1 group was much higher than in all other groups. The results demonstrate that the co-culture of rabbit chondrocytes and rabbit BMSCs at defined ratios can promote the expression of cartilaginous extracellular matrix. The optimal cell ratio appears to be 2:1 (chondrocytes:BMSCs). This approach has potential applications in cartilage tissue engineering since it provides a protocol for maintaining and promoting seed-cell differentiation and function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cartilage/cytology , Chondrocytes/cytology , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering/methods , Aggrecans/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Coculture Techniques , Collagen Type II/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 618-622, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259137

ABSTRACT

Chemostat culture was performed to characterize the growth, substrate consumption and the hirudin production, and to disclose their interrelations in the fermentation of recombinant Pichia pastoris. The Andrew substrate-inhibited growth model is more suitable than Monod model to simulate the growth of Pichia pastoris on methanol. Therefore, two stationary states can be obtained in the continuous culture at a certain dilution rate because of the substrate inhibition on cell growth. The stationary state could be obtained if only the dilution rate not more than 0.048 h(-1) in the continuous fermentation. The concentrations of cell, methanol and hirudin were constant after 50 h continuous culture with dilution rate at 0.04 h(-1). However, it could not be obtained when the dilution rate more than 0.048 h(-1) because the other stationary point at S > 0.048 h(-1) is unstable. Therefore, it was found that the cell concentration declined and the methanol concentration increased from 2.9 g/L to 18.1 g/L within 18h at dilution rate 0.06 h(-1). Thus, the fed-batch culture with a constant specific growth rate was carried out to disclose the fermentation behavior at high and constant methanol concentration in aid of a methanol sensor. The theoretical maximum specific growth rate, microm = 0.0464 h(-1), was found under critical methanol concentration, Scrit = 3.1 g/L. The growth of P. pastoris was typically methanol-limited at the methanol concentration S < Scrit. It was, however, inhibited at S > Scrit. The maximum specific Hir65 production rate qp was obtained at 0.2 mg/(g x h) when methanol concentration and mu were 0.5 g/L and 0.02 h(-1), respectively. The specific Hir65 production rate qp increased with the increase of mu and S at mu < 0.02 h(-1), and decreased at mu > 0.02 h(-1). The specific methanol consumption rate increased with the increase of S when S < 5 g/L, but decreased when S > 5 g/L. At last, the high Hir65 production rate 0.2 mg/(g x h) was obtained in the fermentation conducted under methanol-limited concentration and mu controlled at 0.5 g/L and 0.02 h(-1), respectively, while the specific methanol consumption rate is low only at 0.04 g/(g x h), showing the potential for the strategy of getting high Hir65 production rate at the low consumption of methanol.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Physiology , Hirudins , Metabolism , Methanol , Metabolism , Pichia , Metabolism , Recombination, Genetic
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 348-351, 2002.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231319

ABSTRACT

Four different methanol feeding modes were evaluated in the hirudin production in high-density fermentation by Pichia pastoris. It was difficult to avoid methanol excessive in the broth with the feeding strategy only based on DO level. On the other hand, the fluctuation in methanol concentration was observed with methanol feeding strategy by off-line gas chromatography. However, the stable methanol concentration was perfectly achieved by the on-line monitoring with methanol sensor. The supply of energy was improved by feeding glycerol at a limited rate as well as methanol in the induction phase. Therefore, the high cell dry weight (162 g/L) and high hirudin activity (2.4 x 10(4) ATU/mL or 1.7 g/L) was obtained in the fed-batch fermentation of recombinant Pichia pastoris by methanol-glycerol mixed feeding.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Glycerol , Pharmacology , Hirudins , Methanol , Pharmacology , Pichia , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombination, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675434

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the physical and mechanical properties of home-made bone cement mixed with different antibiotics.Methods The specimens of bone cement each of 40g were divid-ed in to6groups depending on mixed antibiotics,groupⅠmixed with1g gentamicin,groupⅡwith2g gen tam icin,groupⅢwith1g cephradine,groupⅣwith1.5g cefuroxine,groupⅤwith1g ceftriaxone and groupⅥwith out any antibiotics served as control.The dough time,compressing depth,compressive strength,bending strength and bending elastic modulus were measured respectively,elution examination of antibiotics from bone ce ment was performed by chromatography.Results The dough time and compress-ing depth of the groups were better than that of ISO5833standard,and there was no significant difference a-mong the groups.The com pressive strength and bending strength of the groupⅡwere lower than that ISO5833standard,but there was no significant difference among the groups by analysis of variance.The bending elastic modulus of the groupⅡwas lower than the control group and other groups(P

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL