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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1275-1279, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application value of next generation sequencing (NGS) in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of α/β complex thalassemia couple.@*METHODS@#The coding regions of α-globin genes (HBA1, HBA2) and β-globin gene (HBB) were selected as the target regions. The high-density and closely linked single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites were selected as the genetic linkage markers in the upstream and downstream 2M regions of the gene. After NGS, the effective SNP sites were selected to construct the haplotype of the couple, and the risk chromosome of the mutation carried by the couple was determined. The NGS technology was used to sequence the variations of HBA1, HBA2 and HBB directly and construct haplotype linkage analysis for preimplantation genetic diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Direct sequencing and haplotype linkage analysis of HBA1, HBA2 and HBB showed that two of the six blastocysts were α/β complex thalassemia, one was β-thalassemia heterozygote, two were α-thalassemias heterozygotes, and one was intermediate α-thalassemia. A well-developed embryo underwent preimplantation genetic diagnosis was implanted into the mother's uterus, and a healthy infant was born at term.@*CONCLUSION@#Preimplantation genetic diagnosis can be carried out by NGS technology in α/β complex thalassemia couples, and abortion caused by aneuploid embryo selection can be avoided.


Subject(s)
Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Globins/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1075-1079, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the infection of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and herpes simplex virus type II (HSV-I) and the morphological characteristics of the infected spermatogenic cells in the semen of infertile men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We washed and concentrated the spermatogenic cells obtained from 83 semen samples of infertile men, extracted DNA and then screened HCMV and HSV-II by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Immunocytochemistry (ICC) was used to detect the expression of correlative virus antigens of the positive semen cells, and the cytology smear was employed to observe the morphological changes of the spermatogenic cells under the microscope after cytology staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the semen samples, 8 were HCMV positive, 4 HSV-II positive, but none were both HCMV and HSV-II positive. HCMV late antigens were positively and HCMV early antigens negatively expressed in the spermatogenic cells of the 8 HCMV positive cases. In the 4 HSV-II positive cases, 3 were positively and 1 weakly positively expressed. In the semen of the 12 positive cases were found large numbers of immature spermatogenic cells, with different manifestations of apoptosis, such as chromatin pycnosis, vacuoles, damaged nuclear membrane, and apoptotic bodies, but without virus infection-induced specific morphological alteration. Sperm concentration of the positive group was significantly lower than that of the negative (P < 0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Spermatogenic cells infected by HCMV and HSV-II may cause pathologic lesions and affect spermatogenesis. Morphologically, the infected spermatogenic cells may undergo some pathologic alteration, such as apoptosis. The rate of HCMV infection is higher among infertile males with pathologic cells in the semen.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, Viral , Cytomegalovirus , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Pathology , Virology , DNA, Viral , Genetics , Herpes Simplex , Pathology , Virology , Herpesvirus 2, Human , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Infertility, Male , Pathology , Virology , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Semen , Cell Biology , Virology , Spermatozoa , Cell Biology , Virology
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