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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 819-825, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985992

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the stem cell collection rate and efficacy and safety of patients aged 70 and below with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) treated with the VRD (bortezomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone) regimen followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Methods: Retrospective case series study. The clinical data of 123 patients with newly diagnosed MM from August 1, 2018, to June 30, 2020, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Suzhou Hopes Hematology Hospital, who were eligible for VRD regimen sequential ASCT, were collected. The clinical characteristics, efficacy after induction therapy, mobilization regimen of autologous stem cells, autologous stem cell collection rate, and side effects and efficacy of ASCT were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of the 123 patients, 67 were males. The median patient age was 56 (range: 31-70) years. Patients with IgG, IgA, IgD, and light-chain types accounted for 47.2% (58/123), 23.6% (29/123), 3.2% (4/123), and 26.0% (32/123) of patients, respectively. In addition, 25.2% (31/123) of patients had renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance rate<40 ml/min). Patients with Revised-International Staging System (R-ISS) Ⅲ accounted for 18.2% (22/121) of patients. After induction therapy, the rates of partial response and above, very-good partial response (VGPR) and above, and complete response (CR)+stringent CR were 82.1% (101/123), 75.6% (93/123), and 45.5% (56/123), respectively. Overall, 90.3% (84/93) of patients were mobilized with cyclophosphamide+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and 8 patients with G-CSF or G-CSF+plerixafor due to creatinine clearance rate<30 ml/min and one of them was mobilized with DECP (cisplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone)+G-CSF for progressive disease. The rate of autologous stem cell collection (CD34+cells≥2×106/kg) after four courses of VRD regimen was 89.1% (82/92), and the rate of collection (CD34+cells≥5×106/kg) was 56.5% (52/92). Seventy-seven patients treated with the VRD regimen sequential ASCT. All patients had grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. Among the nonhematologic adverse events during ASCT, the highest incidence was observed for gastrointestinal reactions (76.6%, 59/77), followed by oral mucositis (46.8%, 36/77), elevated aminotransferases (44.2%, 34/77), fever (37.7%, 29/77), infection (16.9%, 13/77) and heart-related adverse events (11.7%, 9/77). Among the adverse events, grade 3 adverse events included nausea (6.5%, 5/77), oral mucositis (5.2%, 4/77), vomiting (3.9%, 3/77), infection (2.6%, 2/77), elevated blood pressure after infusion (2.6%, 2/77), elevated alanine transaminase (1.3%, 1/77), and perianal mucositis (1.3%, 1/77); there were no grade 4 or above nonhematologic adverse events. The proportion of patients who achieved VGPR and above after VRD sequential ASCT was 100% (75/75), and the proportion of patients who were minimal residual disease-negative (<10-4 level) was 82.7% (62/75). Conclusion: In patients aged 70 and below with newly diagnosed MM treated with VRD induction therapy, the collection rate of autologous stem cells was good, and good efficacy and tolerability were noted after follow-up ASCT.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Creatinine , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Transplantation, Autologous , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Heterocyclic Compounds/therapeutic use , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Stomatitis/etiology
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 135-145, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study investigated how the natural phytophenol and potent SIRT1 activator resveratrol (RSV) regulate necroptosis during Vibrio vulnificus (V. vulnificus)-induced sepsis and the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effect of RSV on V. vulnificus cytolysin (VVC)-induced necroptosis was analyzed in vitro using CCK-8 and Western blot assays. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and immunohistochemistry and survival analyses were performed to elucidate the effect and mechanism of RSV on necroptosis in a V. vulnificus-induced sepsis mouse model.@*RESULTS@#RSV relieved necroptosis induced by VVC in RAW264.7 and MLE12 cells. RSV also inhibited the inflammatory response, had a protective effect on histopathological changes, and reduced the expression level of the necroptosis indicator pMLKL in peritoneal macrophages, lung, spleen, and liver tissues of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice in vivo. Pretreatment with RSV downregulated the mRNA of the necroptosis indicator and protein expression in peritoneal macrophages and tissues of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice. RSV also improved the survival of V. vulnificus-induced septic mice.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings collectively demonstrate that RSV prevented V. vulnificus-induced sepsis by attenuating necroptosis, highlighting its potency in the clinical management of V. vulnificus-induced sepsis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Necroptosis , Resveratrol/therapeutic use , Vibrio vulnificus , Sepsis/drug therapy , Blotting, Western
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 239-244, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969978

ABSTRACT

Electroacupuncture may play a role in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke by regulating phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA)/cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) signaling pathway, nerve growth factor (NGF)/tyrosine kinase-A (TrkA) signaling pathway, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, erythropoietin-producing hepatocyte (Eph)/ephrin signaling pathway. The interactions among these pathways should be further explored in treatment of learning and memory impairment after ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroacupuncture , Ischemic Stroke , Learning , Signal Transduction/physiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary and secondary pancreatic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) . Methods: Clinical data of patients with pancreatic DLBCL admitted at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital affiliated with Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from April 2003 to June 2020 were analyzed. Gene mutation profiles were evaluated by targeted sequencing (55 lymphoma-related genes). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic factors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) . Results: Overall, 80 patients were included; 12 patients had primary pancreatic DLBCL (PPDLBCL), and 68 patients had secondary pancreatic DLBCL (SPDLBCL). Compared with those with PPDLBCL, patients with SPDLBCL had a higher number of affected extranodal sites (P<0.001) and had higher IPI scores (P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the OS (P=0.120) and PFS (P=0.067) between the two groups. Multivariate analysis indicated that IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.025) and double expressor (DE) (P=0.017) were independent adverse prognostic factors of OS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk (P=0.021) was an independent adverse prognostic factor of PFS in patients with pancreatic DLBCL. Targeted sequencing of 29 patients showed that the mutation frequency of PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 in patients with pancreatic DLBCL were all >20%. PIM1 (P=0.006 for OS, P=0.032 for PFS) and MYD88 (P=0.001 for OS, P=0.017 for PFS) mutations were associated with poor OS and PFS in patients with SPDLBCL. Conclusion: There was no significant difference in the OS and PFS between patients with PPDLBCL and those with SPDLBCL. IPI intermediate-high/high risk and DE were adverse prognostic factors of pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1, SGK1, BTG2, FAS, MYC, and MYD88 were common mutations in pancreatic DLBCL. PIM1 and MYD88 mutations indicated worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Disease-Free Survival , Retrospective Studies , China/epidemiology , Prognosis , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pancreas/pathology , Immediate-Early Proteins/therapeutic use , Tumor Suppressor Proteins
5.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 326-341, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000516

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that leads to the progressive destruction ofarticular cartilage. Current clinical therapeutic strategies are moderately effective at relieving OA-associated pain but cannot induce chondrocyte differentiation or achieve cartilage regeneration. We investigated the ability of wedelolactone, a biologically active natural product that occurs in Eclipta alba (false daisy), to promote chondrogenic differentiation. @*Methods@#and Results: Real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemical staining, and immunofluorescence staining assays were used to evaluate the effects of wedelolactone on the chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). RNA sequencing, microRNA (miRNA) sequencing, and isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation analyses were performed to explore the mechanism by which wedelolactone promotes the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. We found that wedelolactone facilitates the chondrogenic differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived MSCs and rat bone-marrow MSCs. Moreover, the forkhead box O (FOXO) signaling pathway was upregulated by wedelolactone during chondrogenic differentiation, and a FOXO1 inhibitor attenuated the effect of wedelolactone on chondrocyte differentiation. We determined that wedelolactone reduces enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2)-mediated histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation of the promoter region of FOXO1 to upregulate its transcription. Additionally, we found that wedelolactone represses miR-1271-5p expression, and that miR-1271-5p post-transcriptionally suppresses the expression of FOXO1 that is dependent on the binding of miR-1271-5p to the FOXO1 3’-untranscribed region. @*Conclusions@#These results indicate that wedelolactone suppresses the activity of EZH2 to facilitate the chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs by activating the FOXO1 signaling pathway. Wedelolactone may therefore improve cartilage regeneration in diseases characterized by inflammatory tissue destruction, such as OA.

6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1645-1649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationships among social adaptation, physical exercise, and mental health of adolescents, so as to provide theoretical basis for social adaptation and mental health improvement.@*Methods@#Longitudinal follow up survey data were collected from 1 163 adolescents in Jinan City, Shandong Province in September 2021 (T1), January 2022 (T2), and June 2022 (T3) by cluster random sampling method. The relationship between social adaptability, physical exercise, and mental health of adolescents was analyzed through cross lagged analysis.@*Results@#There were significant sex differences in physical exercise and mental health among adolescents on T1, T2, and T3 ( Z =-3.83, -3.43, -4.59; -12.45, -8.93, -8.72, P <0.01), with male students had more physical exercise [35(28,42),36(33,42),38(35,43)] and better mental health [12(12,17),17(17,21),14(14,26)] levels than female students [33(27,40),35(31,40),36(33,41); 9(9,12),12(12,23),12(12,23)]. No similar sex difference in social adaptability (T1, T2, T3) [male: 22 (14, 24), 22 (14, 24), 22 (16, 24); female: 21 (11, 23), 20 (14, 24), 22 (17, 24)] ( Z =-0.79, -1.19, -1.34, P >0.05). Temporal and synchronous correlations were found in social adaptability, physical exercise and mental health ( r =0.18-0.67,0.12-0.68, P <0.01). Teenager physical exercise and mental health could predict social adaptability across time ( β T1-T2 =0.25,0.13; β T2-T3 =0.25,0.06, P <0.05), with a mediating effect on the impact path of physical exercise on social adaptability in psychological health ( β =0.14, P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#There is a causal relationship between physical exercise, mental health, and social adaptability among adolescents. Encouraging adolescents to actively participate in physical exercise and promoting mental health can effectively enhance their social adaptability.

7.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1373-1376, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the changes in physical health among primary and secondary school students in Jinan during 2019 to 2022, so as to provide reference for primary and secondary school students physical health promotion.@*Methods@#From 2019 to 2022,16 496 primary and junior middle school students will be selected from Jinan by cluster random sampling method, the comprehensive scores of physical health for each year were calculated according to the National Student Physical Health Standards (revised in 2014), and changes in physical health were analyzed using t-tests, univariate analysis, analysis of covariance and χ 2 tests.@*Results@#The students physical health scores ranged from high to low in 2022(80.78±12.63),2021(79.12±12.72),2019 (75.17±2.03)and 2020(73.82±12.63). During 2019 to 2022, the overall physical health score of female students were higher than that of male students ( F=105.39, 288.29, 197.90, 159.36, P <0.01). The differences in the comprehensive physical and health scores of male and female students in different grades from 2019 to 2022 were statistically significant ( F=34.22, 34.96, 20.33, 45.08 , 13.56, 18.29, 24.86, 30.01, P <0.01). The individual indicators showed varying degrees of decline in 2020. Except for body mass index (BMI), the fluctuations in lung s capacity, run 50 meters, sit forward, standing long jump, 1 minute sit-ups, pull-up, endurance running, 1 minute skipping rope during 2019 to 2022 were statistically significant (primary school: F =127.58, 44.80, 223.64, 76.66, 10.69, 296.79, secondary school: F =189.31, 52.10, 63.12, 61.49, 7.34, 8.10, 50.94 , P <0.01). The detection rates of overweight and obesity in primary and secondary school students from 2019 to 2022 were 30.09 %, 31.45%, 30.14 %, and 30.60%, respectively ( χ 2=2.26, P >0.05). From 2019 to 2022, the rates of overweight and obesity in primary and middle school boys were 34.56 %, 34.66%, 32.14%, 33.73%, 37.41%, 43.53%, 41.36 %, 39.16%, respectively, and the rates of overweight and obesity in primary and middle school girls were 24.66%, 24.39%, 24.61%, 24.65%, 23.82%, 28.74%, 26.99 %, 27.95%, respectively, none of which were statistically significant ( χ 2=2.93, 4.29 , 0.04, 3.12, P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#During 2019 to 2022, there are no significant changes in physical health indicators among primary and secondary school students in Jinan, and the overall level of physical health recovered rapidly after a slight decline due to the COVID-19 epidemic.

8.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 331-335, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995559

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the efficacy of artificial blood vessel bypass grafting in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) complicated with lower extremity malperfusion.Methods:From January 2004 to January 2021, a total of 896 patients with ATAAD underwent surgical operations in Nanjing First Hospital, Among which 75 patients with lower extremity malperfusion was retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 61 males and 14 females with mean age (50.9±11.3) years old. The cardiopulmonary bypass time (CPB) was (181.9±27.0) min, the cross-clamp time was (125.7±25.0)min, and the lower body circulatory arrest time was (20.4±3.1) min. Fifty-five patients had total aortic arch replacement and 20 cases had hemi-arch replacement surgery. Lower extremity arterial perfusion was restored in 48 patients after dissection surgery. Twenty-six patients underwent dissection surgery concurrently with extra-anatomic bypass grafting. The main postoperative complications were: acute kidney injury in 9 cases, delayed extubation (≥72 h) in 10, pulmonary infection in 13, tracheotomy in 6, paralysis in 1, stroke in 2 and lower limb amputation in 3. ICU stay time was (5.8±4.5) days, in-hospital time was (21.4±13.8) days. Nine patients (12%) died in the whole group: pulmonary infection, respiratory failure in 2 cases, multiple organ failure in 3 cases, iliac artery rupture in 1 case, intestinal necrosis in 1 case, severe cerebral infarction in 1 case, and giving-up in 1 case. A total of 66 patients (88%) were successfully discharged. The follow-up time was (55.8±33.4) months. The results of survival analysis showed that the 5-year survival rate was (96.7±4.2)%, and the 10-year survival rate was (56.4±16.3)%.Conclusion:Extra-anatomic bypass grafting is a feasible method to solve ATAAD complicated with lower extremity malperfusion. It is simple and easy to operate, and the long-term effect is satisfactory.

9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 589-594, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984151

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age in the adolescent dentition.@*METHODS@#Multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) was used to measure the height of alveolar bone resorption at labial, lingual, mesial and distal sites of teeth in 149 adolescents aged from 10 to 20 years. SPSS 25.0 software was used to analyze the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and sex and age.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the height of alveolar bone resorption between sex (P>0.05). The height of alveolar bone resorption was positively correlated with age in all types of teeth. The model constructed by combining the alveolar bone resorption height data of four sites (y=2.569x1+3.106x2+4.108x3+1.451x4-0.082, R2max=0.756)had a better ability to infer age than that of combining two sites (y=5.942x1+4.489x2+0.612, R2max=0.706) and a single site (R2max=0.638).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The height of alveolar bone resorption is positively correlated with the age of adolescents. The combination of four sites has a stronger ability to infer the relationship between the height of alveolar bone resorption and age in adolescents and has higher accuracy in practical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Child , Young Adult , Adult , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Bone Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 613-617, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of wheat grain moxibustion combined with rehabilitation training and simple rehabilitation training on finger spasm after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients with finger spasm after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 40 cases in each group. The control group was given routine rehabilitation training, once a day, 30 min each time. The observation group was given wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) on the basis of the control group, 8~10 moxibustion cones at each point, once a day. Both groups were treated for 6 days as one course of treatment for 4 courses. The motor function of the affected hand (Fugl-Meyer assessment [FMA] score) and muscle tension (modified Ashworth scale [MAS] grading), surface EMG indexes (wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle mean square [RMS] value), hand muscle strength (neurological deficit score [NDS]) and daily living ability (modified Barthel index [MBI] score) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment, and clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, FMA and MBI scores in the 2 groups were increased compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The RMS value of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle in relaxation and passive function testsand and NDS in the 2 groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). MAS grading in the 2 groups was improved compared with before treatment (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was better than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 92.5% (37/40), which was higher than that of the control group (80.0%, 32/40, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat grain moxibustion at Shixuan (EX-UE 11) combined with rehabilitation training can improve the hand motor function and daily living ability of patients with finger spasm after stroke, improve the degree of spasm and the function of wrist dorsiflexor muscle and flexor carpal metacarpal muscle, the clinical effect is better than simple rehabilitation training.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Spasm/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Triticum
11.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 305-308, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936080

ABSTRACT

The extent of D3 lymphadenectomy for right colon cancer, especially the medial border of central lymph node dissection remains controversial. D3 lymphadenectomy and complete mesocolon excision (CME) are two standard procedures for locally advanced right colon carcinoma. D3 lymphadenectomy determines the medial border according to the distribution of the lymph nodes. The mainstream medial border should be the left side of superior mesenteric vein (SMV) according to the definition of D3, but there are also some reports that regards the left side of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) as the medial border. In contrast, the CME procedure emphasizes the beginning of the colonic mesentery and the left side of SMA should be considered as the medial border. Combined with the anatomical basis, oncological efficacy and technical feasibility of D3 lymph node dissection, we think that it is safe and feasible to take the left side of SMA as the medial boundary of D3 lymph node dissection. This procedure not only takes into account the integrity of mesangial and regional lymph node dissection, but also dissects more distant lymph nodes at risk of metastasis. It has its anatomical basis and potential oncological advantages. However, at present, this technical concept is still in the exploratory stage in practice, and the related clinical evidence is not sufficient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colectomy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Mesocolon/surgery
12.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1263-1268, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970666

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumor in male urinary system, and the morbidity and mortality rate are increasing year by year. Traditional imaging examinations have some limitations in the diagnosis of prostate cancer, and the advent of molecular imaging probes and imaging technology have provided new ideas for the integration of diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. In recent years, prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) has attracted much attention as a target for imaging and treatment of prostate cancer. PSMA ligand positron emission tomography (PET) has important reference value in the diagnosis, initial staging, detection of biochemical recurrence and metastasis, clinical decision-making guidance and efficacy evaluation of prostate cancer. This article briefly reviews the clinical research and application progress on PSMA ligand PET imaging in prostate cancer in recent years, so as to raise the efficiency of clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Ligands , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Positron-Emission Tomography
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 860-867, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in ozone-induced pulmonary inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.@*METHODS@#Sixteen wild-type (WT) C57BL/6J mice and 16 ACE2 knock-out (KO) mice were exposed to either filtered air or ozone (0.8 ppm) for 3 h per day for 5 consecutive days. Masson's staining and HE staining were used to observe lung pathologies. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected and the total cell count was determined. The total proteins and cytokines in BALF were determined by BCA and ELISA method. The transcription levels of airway remodeling-related indicators in the lung tissues were detected using real-time quantitative PCR. The airway resistance of the mice was measured using a small animal ventilator with methacholine stimulation.@*RESULTS@#Following ozoneexposure ACE2 KO mice had significantly higher lung pathological scores than WT mice (P < 0.05). Masson staining results showed that compared with ozone-exposed WT mice, ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice presented with significantly larger area of collagen deposition in the bronchi [(19.62±3.16)% vs (6.49±1.34)%, P < 0.05] and alveoli [(21.63±3.78)% vs (4.44±0.99)%, P < 0.05]. The total cell count and total protein contents in the BALF were both higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in WT mice, but these differences were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The concentrations of IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, CXCL1/KC and MCP-1 in the BALF were all higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice than in ozone-exposed WT mice, but only the difference in IL-1β was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The transcription levels of MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP 4, COL1A1, and TGF-β in the lung tissues were all significantly higher in ozone-exposed ACE2 KO mice (P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in airway resistance between ozone-exposed ACE KO mice and WT mice after challenge with 0, 10, 25, or 100 mg/mL of methacholine.@*CONCLUSION@#ACE2 participates in ozone-induced lung inflammation and airway remodeling in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Airway Remodeling , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 , Methacholine Chloride , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Ozone/adverse effects , Pneumonia
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1539-1542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940018

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the changes of uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCDVA)and ocular accommodation before and after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy(PRK).METHODS: A retrospective study. There were 120 patients(240 eyes)who underwent PRK surgery in our center from December 2017 to December 2019 divided into two groups according to the diopter of spherical equivalent(SE): 70 cases with SE≤-6.00D in the mild to moderate myopia group and 50 cases with -6.00D&#x003C;SE≤-9.00D in the high myopia group which were observed and analyzed. The UCDVA(LogMAR), monocular accommodative amplitude(AMP), negative relative accommodation(NRA), positive relative accommodation(PRA)and monocular accommodative flipper(AF)were measured before and after operation at 1wk, 1 and 3mo. RESULTS: In the group of low-moderate myopia and high-myopia group, the UCDVA at 1wk, 1 and 3 mo after operation was significantly increased compared with those before operation(all P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of UCDVA of low to moderate myopia group was better than that in the high myopia group at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.05). Monocular AMP in the both groups firstly decreased and increased afterwards, and there was a significant decrease than that before operation at 1wk and 1mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). AMP reached and was better than that before operation at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of low to moderate myopia group was both higher and faster than that of high myopia group. Compared with PRA before operation, the patients of low to moderate myopia group decreased at 1wk after operation(P&#x003C;0.01), postoperative levels at 1mo recovered to preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05)and postoperative at 3mo was superior to preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.05); High myopia group did not change significantly at 1wk and 1mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003E;0.05), and increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative level(P&#x003C;0.01). For low to moderate myopia group, there was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative NRA, and at 1wk after operation, NRA of high myopia group temporarily increased compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). At 1mo after operation, it returned to the preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05), and significantly increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). Monocular AF for both groups significantly decreased at 1wk after operation compared with preoperative operation, recovered at 1mo after operation and was significantly better at 3mo after operation(all P&#x003C;0.01); The low-to-moderate group increased more than the high-myopia group.CONCLUSION: PRK has a good correction effect for myopia below -9.00D, and people in low to moderate myopia have a better postoperative UCDVA correction effect than those in high myopia. The eye accommodation will be abnormal in a short period after operation. The recovery and improvement time of accommodative function in low-moderate myopia group are shorter than that in high myopia group, but both groups can recover and improve at 3mo after operation compared with the preoperative levels.

15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 755-759, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of gene mutation in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its effect on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical and laboratorial characteristics of 54 AML patients (≥60 years old) in Department of Hematology, Tangdu Hospital were analyzed retrospectively during April 2016 to October 2019. Thirty-four AML/myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm related mutant genes were detected by second-generation sequencing technology, and their clinical characteristics, treatment effect, and influence on prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the patients received DAC+CAG induction treatment, after 1-2 couses of treatment, 36 cases (66.7%) achieved complete response, with a total effective rate of 75.9%, and the median survival time was 17 months. The most frequent mutant genes were TET2 (33.3%), CEBPA (31.5%), DNMT3A (18.5%), ASXL1 (16.7%), NRAS (14.8%), RUNX1 (14.8%), FLT3-ITD (12.9%), TP53 (12.9%), NPM1 (12.9%), and IDH2 (12.9%). Among 7 patients with TP53 mutation, 6 cases obtained complete response after 1-2 courses of induction treatment, but there was no statistically significant difference in the effect on prognosis. Patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations had shorter overall survival time compared with who had no mutation (P=0.47, P=0.48). Multivariate analysis showed that FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations were poor prognostic factors.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of TET2 gene mutation is high in elderly AML patients. AML patients with TET2 and TP53 mutations may benefit from Decitabine-based chemotherapy. However, patients with FLT3-ITD and NRAS mutations have a short survival time, and may have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 330-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935090

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment response, and prognosis of newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) patients with systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL) . Methods: The clinical data of 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2017 to October 31, 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the histopathological biopsy results of bone marrow, skin, and other tissues, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether amyloidosis was combined or not, namely, the MM+AL group and the MM group. The clinical characteristics and treatment responses of the two groups were compared. Results: Among the 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM, there were 42 cases in the MM+AL group and 118 cases in the MM group. In terms of clinical features, the involved light chain and non-involved light chain (dFLC) in the MM+AL group was significantly higher than that in the MM group (P=0.039) . After induction treatment, the MM+AL group had a higher overall response rate (85.7%vs 79.7%, P<0.05) and higher excellent partial response (76.2%vs 55.1%, P<0.05) . After a median follow-up of 26 (0.25-41) months, there was no significant difference in the progression free survival and overall survival (OS) between the two groups (P>0.05) . The OS of patients in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group was better than that in non transplantation group (P<0.05) .The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in the MM+AL group was significantly worse than that in the MM group and MM+AL group without cardiac involvement (P<0.001) , with a median OS of only 13 months. Conclusion: The differential diagnosis between the MM+AL and MM groups requires histopathology, particularly for patients with significantly increased dFLC. The overall remission rate of patients in MM+AL group after 4 courses of induction chemotherapy was higher than that in MM group. The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in MM+AL group was poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 369-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933930

ABSTRACT

We report the successful management of a pregnant woman with para-Bombay phenotype. The woman received routine prenatal check-ups and underwent vaginal delivery in the Affiliated Shenzhen Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital. Blood grouping at 12 weeks of pregnancy showed that the forward typing of the patient was group O, but reverse typing indicated group AB. Her ABO genotype was determined as ABO*A1.02/B.01. There was c.551-552del AG and c.880-882 del TT in the FUT1 gene, and 357C>T and 716G>A in the FUT2 gene. Thus, her FUT1 genotype was h1/h2 and FUT2 genotype was Se/Se. No significant abnormalities were found in the routine prenatal examination. A male infant was born vaginally at 39 +2 gestational weeks, who was grouped as B-positive without neonatal hemolytic disease. Para-Bombay is a rare blood group. It is necessary to clarify the blood type during prenatal examination and develop a management strategy for those with special blood groups to reduce the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage and ensure safe delivery.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 195-200, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 40 children with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and provide ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, risk stratification, and different treatment regimens of 40 cases with MDS admitted in Department of Hematology of Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to estimate 3-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate.@*RESULTS@#In 40 cases, the ratio of male to female was 1.4∶1.0, male was more than female, and median age was 6.0 years old. Among them, refractory cytopenia (MDS-RCC) was the most common type, and 11 cases were chromosomal abnormalities, 21 cases genetic abnormalities. Fifteen cases accepted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) treatment, while 25 cases did not but drug therapy alone. The 3-year OS rate of the cases who accepted HSCT or not was (72.2±12.2)% and (35.3±10.2)% (P=0.039), 3-year EFS rate was (65.0±12.9)% and (19.2±8.4)% (P=0.012), respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that age < 7 years old (P=0.0333), initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L (P=0.007), presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutations (P=0.0002), and treatment without HSCT (P=0.016) were the high-risk factors of prognosis. All the children were classified according to IPSS, WPSS and IPSS-R, while analysis result showed that the above three risk assessment had limitations for risk assessment of MDS in children, they could not comprehensively assess the prognosis of children with MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#MDS-RCC in children is more common. Cox multivariate analysis shows that age < 7 years old, initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L, presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutation, and treatment without HSCT are the high-risk factors of prognosis in children with MDS. HSCT is the most effective treatment to cure children with MDS at present. The current methods such as IPSS-R commonly used in assessment of prognosis in children with MDS show obvious limitation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1336-1342, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928060

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the targets of ginsenosides in brain based on drug affinity responsive target stability(DARTS) technology. Specifically, DARTS technology was combined with label-free liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS) to screen out the proteins in the brain that might interact with ginsenosides. Based on the screening results, adenylate kinase 1(AK1) was selected for further confirmation. First, the His-AK1 fusion protein was yielded successively through the construction of recombinant prokaryotic expression vector, expression of target protein, and purification of the fusion protein. Biolayer interferometry(BLI) was employed to detect the direct interaction of Rg_1, Re, Rb_1, Rd, Rh_2, F1, Rh_1, compound K(CK), 25-OH-PPD, protopanaxa-diol(PPD), and protopanaxatriol(PPT) with AK1, thereby screening the ginsenoside monomer or sapogenin that had strong direct interaction with the suspected target protein AK1. Then, the BLI was used to further determine the kinetic parameters for the binding of PPD(strongest interaction with AK1) to His-AK1 fusion protein. Finally, molecular docking technology was applied to analyze the binding properties between the two. With DARTS and LC-MS, multiple differential proteins were screened out, and AK1 was selected based on previous research for target verification. Fusion protein His-AK1 was obtained by prokaryotic expression, and the response(nm) of Re, Rg_1, Rd, Rb_1, Rh_1, Rh_2, F1, PPT, PPD, 25-OH-PPD, and CK with His-AK1 was respectively 0.003 1, 0.001 9, 0.042 8, 0.022 2, 0.013 4, 0.037 3, 0.013 9, 0.030 7, 0.140 2, 0.016 0, and 0.040 8. The K_(on), K_(off), and K_D values of PPD and His-AK1 were determined by the BLI as 1.22×10~2 mol~(-1)·L·s~(-1), 1.04×10~(-2) s~(-1), 8.52×10~(-5) mol·L~(-1). According to the molecular docking result, PPD bound to AK1 with the absolute value of the docking score of 3.438, and hydrogen bonds mainly formed between the two. Thus, AK1 is one of the protein action sites of ginsenosides in the brain. The direct interaction between ginsenoside metabolite PPD and AK1 is the strongest.


Subject(s)
Brain/metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Ginsenosides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Technology
20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 650-654, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014202

ABSTRACT

Periostin (POSTN), an evolutionary conserved and secreted extracellular matrix protein, can be easily detected by humoral samples such as blood, urine, interstitial fluid etc., which was firstly found in bone tissues.POSTN is expressed in various tissues and its expression level is closely related to oc¬currence and development of various diseases, which will be a potential molecular marker in early diagnosis of diseases.'Hie paper systematically summarizes the relationship of the expres¬ sion level of POSTN and some diseases including myocardial in¬farction, vascular calcification, diseases related to bone metabo¬lism, chronic nephrosis and various cancers, and explores its function as well as mechanism, which provides scientific basis for the early diagnostic kits or new drug development of diseases based on POSTN.

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