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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905604

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the differential expression and gene functions of up-regulated genes in rats with spinal cord injury. Methods:Female Sprague-Dawley rats' model of spinal cord injury was established with the modified Allen's method. Gene chip technology was used to detect the variation of differentially expressed genes in the spinal cord after spinal cord injury in rats. The differences in genes, functional localization and pathways were analyzed with gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway database. Results:The results of total RNA quality in spinal cord segment were qualified. Gene chip results showed that there were 1874 differentially up-regulated genes and 2348 differentially down-regulated genes. Bioinformatics was used to analyze differentially up-regulated genes in terms of biological processes, cellular components, and molecular functions. The differentially up-regulated genes were involving apoptosis, immune response, inflammation, etc., pathway analysis mainly showed the differentially up-regulated genes involved phosphoinositide 3-kinase protein kinase B signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. Conclusion:Differentially up-regulated genes may be involved in secondary reactions following spinal cord injury, such as inflammation, immune response and hypoxia, and then further affect motor function and sensory function.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792253

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on adenine nucleotides in the myocardial tissues of the myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) rats, and to explore the mechanism of EA pretreatment on myocardial prevention and protection in MIRI rats. Methods:Forty SPF male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: a blank group, a sham operation group, a model group, an EA at Neiguan (PC 6) group and an EA at Hegu (LI 4) group, with 8 rats in each group. Rats in the blank group only received binding to the rat plate, 30 min/time, once a day for 7 d; on the 7th day, rats in the sham operation group were subjected to threading for 40 min at the left anterior descending coronary artery without ligation, and then the rats were allowed to stand for 60 min before collection of the specimens; on the 7th day, rats in the model group were subjected to threading at the left anterior descending coronary artery with ligation, for 40 min before the blood flow was restored, and then the rats were allowed to stand for 60 min before collection of the specimens; on the 7th day of pretreatment with EA at Neiguan (PC 6) or Hegu (LI 4) for 30 min per day (once a day for 7 d), rats in the EA at Neiguan (PC 6) group and EA at Hegu (LI 4) group were subjected to modeling and sample collection same as in the model group. The left ventricular myocardium of the lower left anterior descending coronary artery was collected from rats in all 5 groups. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and transmission electron microscope (TEM) were used to observe the changes in myocardial pathological morphology. The change in the adenine nucleotide level of myocardial tissue was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results:The HE staining and ultrastructure showed that the myocardial injury was severer in the model group compared with the sham operation group. Compared with the model group, the myocardial injury in the EA at Neiguan (PC 6) and the EA at Hegu (LI 4) groups was mild or hardly any. The adenine nucleotide levels in the sham operation group and the model group were all decreased compared with the blank group (allP<0.05); compared with the sham operation group, the adenine nucleotide level of the model group was also decreased, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05); compared with the model group, the adenine nucleotide level in the EA at Neiguan (PC 6) group was increased (P<0.05), and the adenine nucleotide level in the EA at Hegu (LI 4) group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The adenine nucleotide level in the EA at Hegu (LI 4) group was higher than that in the EA at Neiguan (PC 6) group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the EA at Neiguan (PC 6) group, the levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adenosine monophosphate (AMP) in the EA at Hegu (LI 4) group were significantly increased (allP<0.01). Conclusion:Both EA at Neiguan (PC 6) and Hegu (LI 4) can alleviate the pathological damage to myocardium in MIRI rats, and increase the adenine nucleotide level in myocardial tissues, and thus protect MIRI rats. EA at Hegu (LI 4) has a better protective effect than Neiguan (PC 6).

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of point-moxibustion on gastrointestinal motility,mRNA and protein expressions of ghrelin and growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHSR-1a) in lateral septal nucleus of rats with diabetic gastroparesis (DGP),and to investigate the central regulatory mechanism of DGP treatment with point-moxibustion.Methods:Forty SPF-grade Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a blank group,a model group,an electroacupuncture (EA) group and a point-moxibustion group,with 10 rats in each group.A DGP rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 2% streptozotocin (STZ) with 8-week irregular high-sugar and high-fat diet in the model group,the EA group and the point-moxibustion group;and rats in the blank group were injected intraperitoneally with 0.1 mmoL/L (pH 4.5) citric acid-sodium citrate buffer with 8-week normal diet.Eight weeks later,rats in the EA group were treated by EA at Zusanli (ST 36),Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6);while rats in the point-moxibustion group were treated by point-moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36),Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) for successive 15 d.Rats in the blank group and the model group were fixed as the control without intervention.After treatment,intestinal propulsion rate and gastric emptying rate were measured.The mRNA and protein expressions of ghrelin and GHSR-1a in the lateral septal nucleus were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot (WB).Results:Compared with the blank group,the intestinal propulsion rate and gastric emptying rate of the model group were significantly lower (both P<0.01);compared with the model group,the intestinal propulsion rate and gastric emptying rate of the EA group and the point-moxibustion group increased significantly (all P<0.05).The mRNA and protein expressions of ghrelin and GHSR-1a were lower in the model group than those in the blank group (all P<0.01).The mRNA and protein expressions of ghrelin and GHSR-1a were significantly higher in the EA group and the point-moxibustion group than those in the model group (all P<0.05).There were no statistically significant differences between the EA group and the point-moxibustion group (all P>0.05).Conclusion:Point-moxibustion at Zusanli (ST 36),Liangmen (ST 21) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can increase the intestinal propulsion rate and gastric emptying rate of DGP rats,and promote the mRNA and protein expressions of ghrelin and GHSR-1a in the central nervous system.The mechanism may be related to the activation of ghrelin pathway in hypothalamic arcuate nucleus-lateral septal nucleus.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 882-886, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705145

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish non-alcoholic fatty liver disease mouse model and study different kinds of lymphocytes in C57BL/6J mouse model. Methods SPF male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into control group ( normal diet ) and model group( normal diet with high fat diet by gavage) . Models of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease were established. At 12th and 16th weeks, body weight, liver index, serum TC, TG, HDL, LDL, ALT, AST were measured. Pathological examination of fat deposition in liver was performed. Flow cytometry was used to assay the percentage of natural killer cells, T helper cells, natu-ral killer T cells and IL4 +NKT cells in mouse liver. Results Liver index, serum TC, LDL, ALT, AST were significantly higher in model group(P<0.05) after 16 weeks. Pathological sections showed that liver fat deposition in model group was quite severe and large lipid droplets spread through the mouse liver. The percentage of natural killer T cells increased significantly( P<0.05 ) and the percentage of IL4 +NKT cells increased even more obviously(P<0.01). Conclusions C57BL/6J mice fed with normal diet and high fat diet by gavage can form a good non-alcoholic fatty liver disease mouse model. In this model, the number and activity of natural killer T cells are significantly changed, and natural killer T cells may be the new target of the mechanism and drug treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver dis-ease.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698293

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Our preliminary findings have shown that stem cells have a certain effect on early formation of renal fibrosis and delay the occurrence of renal interstitial fibrosis.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of exogenous adipose-derived stem cell transplantation on the formation of renal interstitial fibrosis in rats,and to explore the dose-effect relationship.METHODS:Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups.Rats in sham operation group were injected with PBS;and those in the other four groups were ligated to establish the model of renal fibrosis.After successful modeling,the model group was injected with PBS,while low dose group,middle dose group and high dose group were injected with 1 ×107/L,2x107/L,3x107/L adipose-derived stem cell suspension (0.1 mL),respectively.Rats were killed 14 days after injection.Hematoxylin-eosin staining and Masson staining were used to observe the degree of renal tubular interstitial injury and the relative area of the renal interstitium.Expression of alpha smooth muscle actin and transforming growth factor beta1 was detected by immunohistochemistry.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Hematoxylin eosin staining:The model group showed typical glomerular and tubulointerstitial changes;the low,middle and high dose groups had a certain degree of glomerular and tubulointerstitial changes,but the severity of injury in these three groups,especially in the high dose group,was significantly milder than that in the model group.(2) Masson staining:In the model group,the renal interstitium was widened and the collagen fibers were deposited;in the low,middle and high dose groups,the degree of renal interstitial expansion was lower than that in the model group,and moreover,the degree of renal interstitial expansion in the middle and high dose groups was lower than that in the low dose group (P < 0.05).(3) Immunohistochemical staining:Compared with the sham operation group,the expression of alpha smooth muscle actin and transforming growth factor beta1 in the model group was higher than that in the sham operation group (P < 0.05).Compared with the model group,significantly decreased expression of alphasmooth muscle actin was found in the high dose group (P < 0.05) and significantly reduced transforming growth factor beta1 expression was observed in the high,middle,and low dose groups (P < 0.05),especially in the middle and high dose groups.To conclude,exogenous adipose-derived stem cell transplantation can delay the formation of early renal fibrosis in a dose-effect manner,which may be realized by changing the signal pathway state induced by transforming growth factor beta1.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666765

ABSTRACT

The electrospray ionization-ion mobility spectrometric (ESI-IMS) technique has the potential as an analytical separation tool in analyzing polypeptides and amino acids for fast screening unknown samples in anti-chemical and biological terror attacks. A method for detecting several polypeptides and amino acids was developed based on ESI-IMS using air as drift gas at room temperature. The ion mobility of four amino acids and two polypeptides dissolved in methanol was determined on the system at elution rate of 2 mL/ min. The spectra of these compounds had characteristics of finger-printing maps. The limit of detection of this instrument for Substance P could reach 855 ng / mL in 1 min. The results showed that a small, self-contained ESI-IMS instrument with reservoirs of air could be used to quickly detect and accurately identify polypeptides and amino acids.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663883

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a mouse model of IgA nephropathy and to observe its biochemical and pathological characteristics. Methods Twelve BALB/c mice were randomly divided into the normal group and model group, with 6 mice in each group. Mice in the model group received an intravenous injection of 0. 8 mg/kg superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) into the tail vein once a week for three weeks. At the end of the 4th week, the mice were sacrificed, and the 24 h-urinary protein, urinary microalbumin, the renal function indicators BUN, Scr and UA were measured, levels of liver function indicators ALT, AST, ALP, and the blood lipid levels of TC, TG, and LDL were determined, the renal morphological changes were examined by pathology using HE, PAS, PASM and Masson staining, and by electron microscopy, the IgA deposition in the renal tissue was observed with immunofluorescence, and the liver and small intestine were observed by pathology using HE staining. Results Compared with the normal group, the mice of model group showed increased 24-hour urinary protein and urinary microalbumin (P<0. 01), increased CREA and UA (P<0. 05), but not significantly changed BUN, TP and ALB. The liver function indicator AST was significantly increased (P<0. 05), but ALT and ALP were not significantly changed. The blood lipid TG was significantly decreased (P<0. 05) and LDL increased (P<0. 01), while the TC was not significantly changed. The kidney tissues had moderate histological changes, and immunofluorescence observation showed granular or massive IgA deposition in the renal glomerular mesangium. The liver tissue had some inflammatory cell infiltration and hepatocyte necrosis. The small intestine showed slender and shortened villi with widened inter-villous space and sloughed off epithelial cells, dilated central lacteal, and lymphocyte infiltration. Conclusions A mouse model of IgA nephropathy can be successfully established by tail vein injection of superantigen staphylococcal entrotoxin B.

8.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1417-1423, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662312

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the seed cells for replacing bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) to treat bone defects by compared the capacity of osteogenesis from the BMSCs, human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells(UC-MSCs) and human placental mesenchymal stem cells(P-MSCs). Methods Three MSCs were cultured in DMEM/Ham's F-12 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum,cell proliferation curve was drawn by CCK8 detec-ted,and the cell surface antigens were measured using flow cytometry. Osteogenic ability was confirmed by the al-kaline phosphatase(ALP) staining,alizarin red staining. To further explore the difference in organic components, their underlying genotypes and proteins, including RUNX2, ALP and osteocalcin(OCN), were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Results Cell growth curve analysis indicated that three MSCs were in the exponential stage at 3 days following incubation. Flow cytometry analysis showed that more than 98% cells were positive for CD44, CD90 and CD105. ALP and Alizarin red staining displayed that three MSCs presented good mineralizationg ability by osteogenesis induced medium. RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that the three MSCs experiment group higher expression levels of osteogenic markers including RUNX2, ALP and OCN during the initial 9 and 18 days when compared with control(P<0.05). Conclusions UC-MSCs and P-MSCs have good osteogenic ability, which may function as a potential bone tissue engineering seed cells for the treatment of bone defects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661887

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of point Neiguan(PC6) electroacupuncture pretreatment on nitric oxide (NO), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and mitochondrial membrane potential by determining NO, NOS and mitochondrial membrane potential in rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI).Method Forty male SD rats were randomized to sham operation, ischemia/reperfusion model, point Neiguan electroacupuncture and point Huantiao(GB30) electroacupuncture groups, 10 rats each. The model was made by coronary artery ligation. Before model making, electroacupuncture was given to the point Neiguan electroacupuncture and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups, 20 min/d for a total of 7 d. T wave value in ECG leadⅡ was measured before and after model making. Myocardial pathomorphological changes were examined by HE staining. Serum NO and NOS contents were measured by a colorimetric nitrate reductase assay. Cardiomyocyte mitochondrial membrane potential was determined by fluorescence techniques.Result Serum NO and NOS contents and mitochondrial membrane potential decreased significantly in the model group compared with the sham operation group (P<0.05). Serum NO and NOS contents increased significantly in the point Neiguan electroacupuncture group compared with the model, sham operation and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential increased significantly in the point Neiguan electroacupuncture group compared with the model, point Huantiao electroacupuncture and sham operation groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in mitochondrial membrane potential between the model and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Point Neiguan electroacupuncture pretreatment has a preventive protecting effect on MIRI rats. It produces a protecting effect on myocardium by increasing the NO content, strengthening NOS activity, reducing a decrease in cardiomyocyte mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibiting apoptosis.

10.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 1417-1423, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659768

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the seed cells for replacing bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) to treat bone defects by compared the capacity of osteogenesis from the BMSCs, human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells(UC-MSCs) and human placental mesenchymal stem cells(P-MSCs). Methods Three MSCs were cultured in DMEM/Ham's F-12 medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum,cell proliferation curve was drawn by CCK8 detec-ted,and the cell surface antigens were measured using flow cytometry. Osteogenic ability was confirmed by the al-kaline phosphatase(ALP) staining,alizarin red staining. To further explore the difference in organic components, their underlying genotypes and proteins, including RUNX2, ALP and osteocalcin(OCN), were analyzed by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Results Cell growth curve analysis indicated that three MSCs were in the exponential stage at 3 days following incubation. Flow cytometry analysis showed that more than 98% cells were positive for CD44, CD90 and CD105. ALP and Alizarin red staining displayed that three MSCs presented good mineralizationg ability by osteogenesis induced medium. RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that the three MSCs experiment group higher expression levels of osteogenic markers including RUNX2, ALP and OCN during the initial 9 and 18 days when compared with control(P<0.05). Conclusions UC-MSCs and P-MSCs have good osteogenic ability, which may function as a potential bone tissue engineering seed cells for the treatment of bone defects.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658968

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of point Neiguan(PC6) electroacupuncture pretreatment on nitric oxide (NO), nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and mitochondrial membrane potential by determining NO, NOS and mitochondrial membrane potential in rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (MIRI).Method Forty male SD rats were randomized to sham operation, ischemia/reperfusion model, point Neiguan electroacupuncture and point Huantiao(GB30) electroacupuncture groups, 10 rats each. The model was made by coronary artery ligation. Before model making, electroacupuncture was given to the point Neiguan electroacupuncture and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups, 20 min/d for a total of 7 d. T wave value in ECG leadⅡ was measured before and after model making. Myocardial pathomorphological changes were examined by HE staining. Serum NO and NOS contents were measured by a colorimetric nitrate reductase assay. Cardiomyocyte mitochondrial membrane potential was determined by fluorescence techniques.Result Serum NO and NOS contents and mitochondrial membrane potential decreased significantly in the model group compared with the sham operation group (P<0.05). Serum NO and NOS contents increased significantly in the point Neiguan electroacupuncture group compared with the model, sham operation and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential increased significantly in the point Neiguan electroacupuncture group compared with the model, point Huantiao electroacupuncture and sham operation groups (P<0.01,P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in mitochondrial membrane potential between the model and point Huantiao electroacupuncture groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Point Neiguan electroacupuncture pretreatment has a preventive protecting effect on MIRI rats. It produces a protecting effect on myocardium by increasing the NO content, strengthening NOS activity, reducing a decrease in cardiomyocyte mitochondrial membrane potential and inhibiting apoptosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279194

ABSTRACT

To establish and analyze the HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection manufactured by different factories. The separation was performed on a Thermo BDS Hypersil C₁₈ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-0.02% formic acid aqueous solution for gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL•min⁻¹, and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, and the sample size was 20 μL. Eleven chromatographic peaks were identified as characteristic peaks of HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection, after analyzing 29 batches of Xingnaojing injection samples. Compared with the reference substances, seven of them were identified as eucarvone, camphor, curcumenone, curcumenol, curdione, curzerenone and germacrone, respectively. HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection manufactured by three factories could be easily classified into three categories after investigation with computer-aided similarity evaluation system combined with principal component analysis. The established HPLC specific chromatograms provide a basis for scientific evaluation and effective control of the quality of Xingnaojing injection.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812569

ABSTRACT

Alkaloids from Ba lotus seeds (ABLS) are a kind of important functional compounds in lotus seeds. The present study was designed to determine its hypertension prophylactic effects in the L-NNA-induced mouse hypertension model. The mice were treated with ABLS, the serum and tissues levels of NO, MDA, ET-1, VEGF, and CGRP were determined using the experimental kits, the mRNA levels of various genes in the heart muscle and blood vessel tissues were further determined by RT-PCR assay. ABLS could reduce the systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean blood pressure (MBP), and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), compared to that of the model control group. After ABLS treatment, the NO (nitric oxide) contents in serum, heart, liver, kidney and stomach of the mice were higher than that of the control mice, but the MDA (malonaldehyde) contents were lower than that of the control mice. The serum levels of ET-1 (endothelin-1), VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) were decreased after ABLS treatment, but CGRP (calcium gene related peptide) level was increased. The ABLS treated mice had higher mRNA expressions of HO-1, nNOS, and eNOS and lower expressions of ADM, RAMP2, IL-1β, TNF-α, and iNOS than the control mice. Higher concentration of ABLS had greater prophylactic effects, which were close to that of the hypertension drug captopril. These results indicated the hypertension prophylactic effects of ABLS could be further explored as novel medicine or functional food in the future.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Blood Pressure , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Hypertension , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Nitroarginine , Nymphaeaceae , Chemistry , Seeds , Chemistry , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3003-3007, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The prevalence of malnutrition is very high in patients with cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not a nutrition support team (NST) could benefit esophageal cancer patients undergoing chemoradiotherapy (CRT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between June 2012 and April 2014, 50 esophageal cancer patients undergoing concurrent CRT were randomly assigned into two groups: The NST group and the control group. The nutritional statuses of 25 patients in the NST group were managed by the NST. The other 25 patients in the control group underwent the supervision of radiotherapy practitioners. At the end of the CRT, nutritional status, the incidence of complications, and completion rate of radiotherapy were evaluated. Besides, the length of hospital stay (LOS) and the in-patient cost were also compared between these two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the completion of CRF, the nutritional status in the NST group were much better than those in the control group, as evidenced by prealbumin (ALB), transferrin, and ALB parameters (P = 0.001, 0.000, and 0.000, respectively). The complication incidences, including bone marrow suppression (20% vs. 48%, P = 0.037) and complications related infections (12% vs. 44%, P = 0.012), in the NST group were lower and significantly different from the control group. In addition, only one patient in the NST group did not complete the planned radiotherapy while 6 patients in the control group had interrupted or delayed radiotherapy (96% vs. 76%, P = 0.103). Furthermore, the average LOS was decreased by 4.5 days (P = 0.001) and in-patient cost was reduced to 1.26 ± 0.75 thousand US dollars person-times (P > 0.05) in the NST group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A NST could provide positive effects in esophageal cancer patients during concurrent CRT on maintaining their nutrition status and improving the compliance of CRF. Moreover, the NST could be helpful on reducing LOS and in-patient costs.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chemoradiotherapy , Esophageal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Methods , Patient Care Team , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267175

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an approach to rapidly and accurately identify the compounds as biomarkers of Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometry was applied to investigate the characteristic components of a mice model of Kidney (Shen)-yang deficiency syndrome (KDS), and the remedial effect of a typical CM formula Shenqi Pill (). Thirty-six females and 18 males of Balb/c mice were randomly divided into KDS, Shenqi or control group. The females and males of the same group freely were mated for 96 h, and the males were taken out and only the female mice were raised. Females of the KDS group were threatened by a ferocious cat every other day for 14 d. After delivery, the KDS, or gestational threatened, offspring were raised at standard condition for 11 weeks. Then 10 male offspring were randomly selected, anaesthetized and their representative organs, i.e. testes, kidneys, lungs and feet were collected, for the FT-IR scan. Mice of the Shenqi group were intragastric administered Shenqi Pill; while mice in the KDS and control groups were given the same volume of saline.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The attenuated birth outcomes of the KDS group were displayed. The remarkable FT-IR differences of all organs between KDS mice and healthy control were mainly at 1,735-1,745 cm(-1) (indicating the increased levels of lipids) and at 1,640-1,647 cm(-1) and 1,539-1,544 cm(-1) (displaying the decreased proteins). No statistic FT-IR difference between Shenqi and control mice was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In accordance with major traits of KDS, prenatal stress extensively impaired the building up of proteins and resulting in the excessive lipid storage, and FT-IR could effectively identify the biomarkers of KDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Methods , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Pathology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351050

ABSTRACT

Icaritin, a prenylflavonoid derivative from Epimedium Genus, has been shown to exhibit many pharmacological and biological activities. However, the function and the underlying mechanisms of icaritin in human non-small cell lung cancer have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of icaritin on A549 cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. The cell viability after icaritin treatment was tested by MTT assay. The cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of the genes involved in proliferation and apoptosis were respectively detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results demonstrated that icaritin induced cell cycle arrest at S phase, and down-regulated the expression levels of S regulatory proteins such as Cyclin A and CDK2. Icaritin also induced cell apoptosis characterized by positive Hoechst 33258 staining, accumulation of the Annexin V-positive cells, increased ROS level and alteration in Bcl-2 family proteins expression. Moreover, icaritin induced sustained phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK. These findings suggested that icaritin might be a new potent inhibitor by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Neoplasm Proteins , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , S Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636713

ABSTRACT

Icaritin, a prenylflavonoid derivative from Epimedium Genus, has been shown to exhibit many pharmacological and biological activities. However, the function and the underlying mechanisms of icaritin in human non-small cell lung cancer have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anticancer effects of icaritin on A549 cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. The cell viability after icaritin treatment was tested by MTT assay. The cell cycle distribution, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of the genes involved in proliferation and apoptosis were respectively detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. The results demonstrated that icaritin induced cell cycle arrest at S phase, and down-regulated the expression levels of S regulatory proteins such as Cyclin A and CDK2. Icaritin also induced cell apoptosis characterized by positive Hoechst 33258 staining, accumulation of the Annexin V-positive cells, increased ROS level and alteration in Bcl-2 family proteins expression. Moreover, icaritin induced sustained phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK. These findings suggested that icaritin might be a new potent inhibitor by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301472

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to describe a new technique of combined hyoid bone and thyrohyoid membrane flap in laryngeal reconstruction after tumor resection, and to evaluate outcome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Six patients requiring an frontal partial laryngectomy for cancer were enrolled between September 2008 and August 2012.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nasogastric feeding was initiated within 24 hours. The mean times to swallow batter, ability to drink water and removal of the nasogastric tube were 2.6, 5.5 and 6.3 days. All patients had good respiratory function. There were no deaths, and no reports of postoperative dyspnea or dysphagia. The vocal quality was satisfactory, slightly deeper and raspy, and the volume was weak when calling. The final follow-up assessment was in August 2012, and the overall mean follow-up period was 29.5months, range 14 to 47 months. Case two subsequently underwent total laryngectomy for recurrence in the paraglottic space, but there was no evidence of further tumor recurrence at the final assessment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The combined muscle-pedicle hyoid bone and thyrohyoid membrane flap is a reliable graft for one-stage repair of laryngotracheal defects, providing effective repair of the mucosa and cartilage support. Vocal quality, swallowing function and ventilation after the procedure were favorable.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyoid Bone , General Surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Laryngoplasty , Methods , Larynx , General Surgery , Surgical Flaps
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343684

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to study the feature of T cell TCR-CD3 complex-mediated gene in lead poisoning patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Real-time PCR with SYBR Green I technique was used for determination of the expression levels of CD3 genes in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 46 cases lead poisoning patients (11 cases in observation group and 35 cases in mild lead poisoning group) and 31 cases in control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median expression levels of CD3γ gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (6.89%, 5.87 %) were higher than the control group (P < 0.05). The median expression levels of CD3δ gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (0.54%, 0.70%) were lower than the control group (P < 0.05). The median expression levels of CD3ε gene in observation group and mild lead poisoning group (10.22%, 6.08%) were higher than the control group (P < 0.05). A significant Positive correlation was found between CD3γ, CD3ε and seniority in lead poisoning patients. A significant negative correlation was found between CD3ε and blood ZPP, urea δ-ALA (r = -0.358, P < 0.05; r = -0.385, P < 0.05), but there was no significant correlation between them after controlling for blood lead, urea lead. The expression levels of CD3 genes prove to be a descending order of CD3γ, CD3ε, CD3δ in control group, while it was changed for CD3ε, CD3γ, CD3δ in the observation group as well as in mild lead poisoning group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expression of T cell TCR-CD3 complex-mediated gene was changed in lead poisoning patients, it might be related to the body immunodeficiency. The expression level of CD3ε gene can be used as sensitive immune function screening indicator in Lead poisoning patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lead Poisoning , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Occupational Diseases , Allergy and Immunology , Receptor-CD3 Complex, Antigen, T-Cell , Metabolism , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316604

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of using a linear stapler device for the closure of the pharynx during total laryngectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen total laryngectomies were performed between August 2010 and December 2011, during the operation, the TA 60 linear stapler was used for pharyngeal closure. Among these patients, two patients had the history of pre-operative radiotherapy, four patients recurred after radiotherapy, ten patients were treated for the first time. 100 ml methylene blue was injected into the newly closed laryngopharyngeal cavity through the nasopharyngeal breather pipe for checking up whether it was watertight or not.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the sixteen patients, methylene blue leakage from the mucosal joint of the gular cavity closed by the stapler were not found in fifteen patients, it was only found in one patient. The transudatory places were sutured with absorbable Vicryl sutures. This patient healed well without pharyngocutaneous fistula. Negative surgical margins were achieved in all patients. No patient needed to be transferred to open surgery. Using a linear stapler device in total laryngectomy, 45 minutes could be saved as compaired to manual suture. One patient developed a light pharyngocutaneous fistula. The incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula was 6.25% (1/16).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This stapled closed technique for pharyngoplasty is efficient, eliminates the risk of wound contamination, saves operation time and decreases the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula. This technique can be recommended as alternative for repairing the pharynx in patients undergoing total laryngectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Surgical Staplers
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