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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1741-1745, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia(AML) patients with ASXL1 mutation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 229 newly diagnosed AML patients treated in our hospital from April 2016 to October 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The next-generation sequencing technology was used to detect gene mutations in all the patients, the clinical characteristics of the patients with ASXL1 mutation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#ASXL1 gene mutation was detected out in 45 patients(19.6%). Among these patients, the frameshift mutation (n=22,48.9%) was most common, followed by missense mutation (n=15, 33.3%) and nonsense mutation (n=8,17.8%), respectively, all of them were located at exon 12. The median mutation rate was 32.47%(range, 2.74%-53.50%). The median age of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was 54(range, 14-74) years old, and most of the patients were male, and most of them with the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count at the initial diagnosed (P<0.05). Patients with ASXL1 mutation showed a lower CR rate than that of without ASXL1 mutation. Patients with or without ASXL1 mutation showed a statistically significant difference in survival at 20 months (P=0.042), while there was no significant difference between the patients in the two groups over 20 months (P=0.505). All the 6 patients with ASXL1 mutation in low-risk group were survived, while the median OS time was 16 months in the high-risk group(P=0.034). Multivariate analysis showed that the history of MDS or MPN and CR rate from induction therapy were the independent risk factors affecting survival of the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Frameshift mutation is commonly in AML patients with ASXL1 gene mutation, and ASXL1 mutation were more often in men, the history of MDS or MPN, and low white blood cell count. The CR rate of the patients with ASXL1 mutation was lower than that of the AML patients without ASXL1 mutations, AML patients with ASXL1 mutation showed poor short-term efficacy, but there was no significant difference between the two groups in long-term survival over 20 months.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Prognosis , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828368

ABSTRACT

G-quadruplex DNA has become an important target for tumor therapy and anti-tumor development. Modern pharmacology has proved that Macleaya cordata has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-tumor and other pharmacological effects. Affinity ultrafiltration method can screen active ingredients from compounds rapidly, but G-quadruplex DNA ligands are difficult to dissociate, which is a key step in conventional ultrafiltration method. In this paper, the filtrates after ultrafiltration were determined by HPLC-MS in substitution. The peaks with 20% reduction of MS response from the incubation vs control were considered to be ligand components to G-quadruplex. Two of the peaks with the relative abundance above 30% were identified as sanguinarine(SAN) and chelerine(CHE). Their circular dichroism conformations further proved that SAN and CHE are active ligands of HT4. In addition, another two gradients with high relative abundance were identified as protopine(PRO) and allpcryprotopine(ALL). The binding rate of SAN, CHE, PRO and ALL was calculated according to the HPLC-MS results, and the results showed a consistency with that of the molecular docking method. The proposed method can be used to screen active components from mixture.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , G-Quadruplexes , Ligands , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Ultrafiltration
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824004

ABSTRACT

The human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1), one of the most essential conjugative enzymes, is responsible for the metabolism and detoxification of bilirubin and other endogenous substances, as well as many different xenobiotic compounds. Deciphering UGT1A1 relevance to human diseases and characterizing the effects of small molecules on the activities of UGT1A1 requires reliable tools for probing the function of this key enzyme in complex biological matrices. Herein, an easy-to-use assay for highly-selective and sensitive monitoring of UGT1A1 activities in various biological matrices, using liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (LC-FD), has been developed and validated. The newly developed LC-FD based assay has been confirmed in terms of sensitivity, specificity, precision, quanti-tative linear range and stability. One of its main advantages is lowering the limits of detection and quantification by about 100-fold in comparison to the previous assay that used the same probe substrate, enabling reliable quantification of lower amounts of active enzyme than any other method. The precision test demonstrated that both intra- and inter-day variations for this assay were less than 5.5%. Further-more, the newly developed assay has also been successfully used to screen and characterize the regu-latory effects of small molecules on the expression level of UGT1A1 in living cells. Overall, an easy-to-use LC-FD based assay has been developed for ultra-sensitive UGT1A1 activities measurements in various biological systems, providing an inexpensive and practical approach for exploring the role of UGT1A1 in human diseases, interactions with xenobiotics, and characterization modulatory effects of small mole-cules on this conjugative enzyme.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772792

ABSTRACT

Objective Urine is a promising biomarker source for clinical proteomics studies. Regional physiological differences are common in multi-center clinical studies. In this study, we investigate whether significant differences are present in the urinary proteomes of individuals from different regions in China. Methods In this study, morning urine samples were collected from healthy urban residents in three regions of China (Haikou, Xi'an and Xining) and urinary proteins were preserved using a membrane-based method (Urimem). The urine proteomes of 27 normal samples were analyzed using LC-MS/MS and compared among three regions. Functional annotation of the differential proteins among the three areas was analyzed using the DAVID online database, and pathway enrichment of the differential urinary proteins was analyzed using KEGG. Results We identified 1898 proteins from Urimem samples using label-free proteome quantification, of which 56 urine proteins were differentially expressed among the three regions ( < 0.05). Hierarchical clustering analysis showed that inter-regional differences caused less significant changes in the urine proteome than inter-sex differences. After gender stratification, 16 differential proteins were identified in male samples and 84 differential proteins were identified in female samples. Among these differential proteins, several proteins have been previously reported as urinary disease biomarkers. Conclusions Urimem will facilitate urinary protein storage for large-scale urine sample collection. Regional differences are a confounding factor influencing the urine proteome and should be considered in future multi-center biomarker studies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744229

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study whether homocysteine (Hcy) inhibits the expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) by microRNA-33 (miRNA-33) signaling, and reduces the efficiency of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT).METHODS:RAW264.7 macrophages were induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) to establish foam cell model.Oil red O staining was used to determine whether the model was established successfully.miRNA-33 mimics and miRNA-33 inhibitor were transfected into the cells by Lipofectamine 2000, and the cells were exposed to Hcy at concentration of 5 mmol/L for 24 h.The intracellular lipid droplets were observed by Oil red O staining.The expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 at mRNA and protein levels was determined by real-time PCR and Western blot.The cellular cholesterol content was analyzed by HPLC, and effluent rate of cholesterol was detected by the method of liquid scintillation counting.RESULTS:Compared with blank control group, the lipid content in miRNA-33 mimics group was increased, and the expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 at mRNA and protein levels was decreased (P<0.05).The intracellular cholesterol content was increased gradually (P<0.05) , and the cellular cholesterol efflux rate was gradually decreased (P<0.05) in miRNA-33 mimics group.Compared with blank control group, the testing results in miRNA-33 inhibitor group were the opposition of those in miRNA-33 mimics group (P<0.05).No difference of the above indexes among blank control group, miRNA-33 mimics-NC group and miRNA-33 inhibitor-NC group was observed.CONCLUSION:Hcy inhibits the mRNA and protein expression of ABCA1 and ABCG1 through miRNA-33 signaling, and reduces the efficiency of RCT in RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776891

ABSTRACT

This study developed a population pharmacokinetic model for sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) in healthy volunteers and coronary heart disease (CHD) patients in order to identify significant covariates for the pharmacokinetics of STS. Blood samples were obtained by intense sampling approach from 10 healthy volunteers and sparse sampling from 25 CHD patients, and a population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by nonlinear mixed-effect modeling. The final model was evaluated by bootstrap and visual predictive check. A total of 230 plasma concentrations were included, 137 from healthy volunteers and 93 from CHD patients. It was a two-compartment model with first-order elimination. The typical value of the apparent clearance (CL) of STS in CHD patients with total bilirubin (TBIL) level of 10 μmol(L was 48.7 L(h with inter individual variability of 27.4%, whereas that in healthy volunteers with the same TBIL level was 63.1 L(h. Residual variability was described by a proportional error model and estimated at 5.2%. The CL of STS in CHD patients was lower than that in healthy volunteers and decreased when TBIL levels increased. The bootstrap and visual predictive check confirmed the stability and validity of the final model. These results suggested that STS dosage adjustment might be considered based on TBIL levels in CHD patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bilirubin , Blood , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Female , Humans , Male , Metabolic Clearance Rate , Middle Aged , Models, Biological , Phenanthrenes , Blood , Pharmacokinetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689582

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of decitabine combined with CAG regimen in the treat-ment of newly diagnosed elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fourty-nine patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (except M3) who were admitted to our hospital were selected. All the patients were older than 50 years old, and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could not be performed for various reasons. Decitabine-based chemotherapy regimens were used during induction therapy including single decitabine therapy(DAC), decitabine combined with CAG regimen(DAC-CAG) and decitabine combined with HAAG regimen(DAC-HAAG). Most of patients continued to use the original treatment after complete remission, while others were given the standard "3+7" regimen chemotherapy. A total of 2-4 courses of treatment was conducted in the majority of patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the 49 patients completed the induction therapy, in which 26 cases achieved complete remission(CR), 7 cases achieved partial remission(PR) and no response(NR) existed in 16 cases. The complete remission and the overall response rate(ORR) were 53% and 67% respectively. The overall response rate of DAC group, DAC-CAG group and DAC-HAAG group were 17%, 77% and 63% respectively. 14 patients were infected and 1 patients died of pulmonary infection during the induction therapy. The median number of suspended red blood cells and platelet infused were 9 units and 69 units respectively. Neutrophil recovery time was 15.1 days while the platelet recovery time was 20.1 days during the induction therapy. The mean follow-up time was 21 months. Overall survival(OS) was 75% at 6 months, 30% at 1 year, and 26% at 2 year, while disease-free survival(DFS) was 83% at 3 months, 54% at 1 year, and 47% at 2 year. The induction therapy could reach CR that was an independent prognostic factor, however, the initial white blood cell count, platelet count, age, chemotherapy regimen, prognostic stratification and whether complical by pnenmonia during chemotherapy were not independent prognostic factors.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The induction efficacy of decitabine combined with chemotherapy is superior to that of decitabine alone. The outcome of induction chemotherapy is an independent prognostic factor, however, the high white blood cell count, poor karyotype, complications and AML with myelodysplasia-related changes do not affect long-term survival. DAC-CAG regimen is effective and have relatively few adverse reactions in AML. It is suitable for the patients who are ineligible for conventional chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Azacitidine , Cytarabine , Decitabine , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1697-1700, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860184

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize the effect of health literacy on medication safety and the progress of recent studies. METHODS: Pubmed and Google were searched for related studies conducted in recent 20 years worldwide. The effect of health literacy on patient's medication understanding and medication behavior was reviewed. This paper also analyzed the current situation and future prospects of studies on health literacy in clinical practice in China. RESULTS: Patients with inadequate health literacy are less likely to understand medication information correctly and their actual medication practice is less likely to match their medication record in health care system. CONCLUSION: The assessment of health literacy can help pharmacists discriminate patients with different health literacy levels and predict patients' medication understanding and medication behavior, which is a useful tool to promote the efficiency of patient education and medication safety.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 522-524, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672037

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the methods and effects on the mobilization and collection of peripheral hematopoietic stem cells.MethodsPeripheral hematopoietic stem cells of 198 cases of healthy donors were selected and mobilized by subcutaneous recombinant human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF) by (5-10) μg·kg-1 ·d-1 and collected on the 5th day. The effects of gender, height, age and WBC count of donors on mobilization and collection were analyzed. ResultsAll the peripheral hematopoietic stem cells of donors were successfully mobilized.The average counts of mononuclear cells(MNC)and CD34+ cells were (4.19±1.96)×108/kg and (2.98±1.40)×106/kg, respectively, which had no correlation with gender, height and age.The counts of MNC and CD34+ cells collected were positively correlated with the WBC count of peripheral blood (r =0.9201, P =0.0035; r =0.8420, P =0.0149). The donors with WBC ≥20.0×109/L had moresignificant effect than thoseWBC<20.0×109/L (F =4.688, P =0.0013; F =4.622, P =0.0006). Conclusion The WBC count of peripheral blood from healthy donors is a simple and feasible indicator to predict the quantity of CD34+ cells.

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