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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1043-1051, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hypotension is a common complication caused by spinal anesthesia (SA), which may have adverse impacts on the condition of the parturient and fetus. Liquid infusion was found to be relatively effective for reducing the incidence of hypotension. However, the question of whether colloid preload can optimize hemodynamic variables in the cesarean section remains controversial. This study aims to determine the effects of colloid preload on the incidence of hypotension induced by SA in elective cesarean section.@*METHODS@#Related keywords were searched on PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library from inception dates to May 2020. Studies included were evaluated for eligibility and quality. The primary outcome was the intra-operative incidence of hypotension and severe hypotension. The secondary outcomes included the lowest intra-operative systolic blood pressure, the maximal intra-operative heart rate, the intra-operative needs of ephedrine and phenylephrine, the incidence of maternal nausea and/or vomiting, and neonatal outcomes (umbilical artery pH and Apgar scores). Apart from the above, RevMan 5.3 was used for the data analysis.@*RESULTS@#Altogether nine randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. There were no significant differences in the incidence of intra-operative hypotension, severe hypotension, or neonatal outcomes between the colloid preload group and control group, except for the umbilical artery pH.@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis suggests that colloid preload does not significantly reduce the incidence of hypotension associated with SA in elective cesarean section.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Spinal/adverse effects , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Colloids , Female , Humans , Hypotension/etiology , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 378-380, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819172

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status of health literacy and its associated factors among primary school students in Shandong Province.@*Methods@#By using stratified cluster sampling method, 9 063 children in grade 1 to 3 from 5 cities in Shandong Province were investigated with self-designed questionnaire. Chi square and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze associated factors for health literacy.@*Results@#Rate of proficient health literacy among grade 1-3 primary school students was 62.8%(5 689/9 063), with 75.6%(6 850/9 063), 56.3%(5 106/9 063) and 80.1%(7 261/9 063) in dimension of safety emergency, health care and disease prevention and control. Proficient health literacy was 47.7%(4 327/9 063), 88.3%(8 003/9 063) and 73.6%(6 672/9 063) in domain of health knowledge and concept, health behavior and health skills. Univariate analysis showed that the health literacy varied by gender, only-child in the family, grade, living area, cities, self-perceived academic performance, father educational attainment, mother educational attainment, father occupation and mother occupation(χ2=39.66, 161.09, 193.05, 89.23, 1 107.75, 196.35, 99.43, 74.39, 64.86, 16.70, P<0.01). Multivariate analysis found that gender, only-child in the family, grade, living area, city, self-perceived academic performance, father’ s occupation and educational attainment were positively associated with health literacy among elementary students.@*Conclusion@#High level of health literacy has been found among primary school students in Shandong Province, but varied in area and different demographic characteristics, which needs further specific intervention.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1909-1917, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780274

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the effects of Danggui-Chuanxiong (GX) herb pair with different proportions (1∶0, 3∶2, 1∶1, 2∶3, 0∶1) and preparation methods (water extract W, alcohol extract A, and water-alcohol extracts WA) on vasoactive substances and endothelial cell adhesion molecules in the serum of acute blood stasis in rats. An acute blood stasis model was co-replicated by ice water bath and subcutaneous injection of epinephrine hydrochloride in rats. The expressions of vasoactive substances (arachidonic acid metabolites, coagulation-fibrin system index) and adhesion molecules in the serum were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay method; the Spearman method was used to analyze the correlation of those detection indicators; the partial least squares-discriminant analysis and multi-attribute comprehensive index method were used to comprehensively evaluate the total effect of GX herb pair samples with different proportions and preparation methods on vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules. The experimental scheme was approved by the Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Chinese Medicine. The results showed that GX 1∶1_WA had the strongest effect on the improvement of vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules in the serum of acute blood stasis in rats (the total effect value was 6.96). When extraction method was same, the overall effect of GX 1∶1 had better effect than that of other proportions; when the proportion of GX was same, the total effects of GX_WA and GX_A were better than GX_W. The combination of Danggui and Chuanxiong can significantly improve the expressions of vasoactive substances and adhesion molecules in the serum of blood stasis in rats. But the action strength of GX herb pairs was different when the proportions and preparations of GX herb pair were different. These findings provide a basis for clinical rational application of GX herb pair, and lay the foundation for in-depth research on GX herb pair for treatment of blood stasis related diseases.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 437-445, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774819

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a serious complication after surgery, especially in elderly patients. The anesthesia technique is a potentially modifiable risk factor for POCD. This study assessed the effects of dexmedetomidine, propofol or midazolam sedation on POCD in elderly patients who underwent hip or knee replacement under spinal anesthesia.@*METHODS@#The present study was a prospective randomized controlled preliminary trial. From July 2013 and December 2014, a total of 164 patients aged 65 years or older who underwent hip or knee arthroplasty at China-Japan Friendship Hospital and 41 non-surgical controls were included in this study. Patients were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to 3 sedative groups. All the patients received combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA) with midazolam, dexmedetomidine or propofol sedation. The sedative dose was adjusted to achieve light sedation (bispectral index[BIS] score between 70 and 85). All study participants and controls completed a battery of 5 neuropsychological tests before and 7 days after surgery. One year postoperatively, the patients and controls were interviewed over the telephone using the Montreal cognitive assessment 5-minute protocol.@*RESULTS@#In all, 60 of 164 patients (36.6%) were diagnosed with POCD 7 days postoperatively, POCD incidence in propofol group was significantly lower than that in dexmedetomidine and midazolam groups (18.2% vs. 40.0%, 51.9%, χ = 6.342 and 13.603, P = 0.012 and < 0.001). When the patients were re-tested 1 year postoperatively, the incidence of POCD was not significantly different among the 3 groups (14.0%, 10.6% vs. 14.9%, χ = 0.016 and 0.382, P = 0.899 and 0.536).@*CONCLUSION@#Among dexmedetomidine, propofol and midazolam sedation in elderly patients, propofol sedation shows a significant advantage in term of short-term POCD incidence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cognitive Dysfunction , Epidemiology , Dexmedetomidine , Pharmacology , Female , Humans , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Pharmacology , Male , Midazolam , Pharmacology , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Postoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Propofol , Pharmacology , Prospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773693

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets has good anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities,but its reproductive damage is significant. Previous studies of the research group have found that Cuscutae Semen flavonoids can improve spermatogenic cell damage caused by Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets by regulating spermatogenic cell cycle,apoptosis and related protein expression,but the mechanism of action at the gene level is still unclear. In this study,Illumina high-throughput sequencing platform was applied in transcriptional sequencing of spermatogenic cells of rats after the intervention of Cuscutae Semen flavonoids and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets. Differentially expressed genes were screened out and the GO enrichment and KEGG pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes were conducted to explore the mechanism of Cuscutae Semen flavonoids in improving reproductive injury caused by Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets. The results showed that 794 up-regulated genes and 491 down-regulated genes were screened in Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets group compared with the blank group. Compared with Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets,440 up-regulated genes and 784 down-regulated genes were screened in the Cuscutae Semen flavonoids+Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets group. Among them,the gene closely related to reproductive function is DNMT3 L. Analysis of GO function and KEGG signaling pathway enrichment showed that the above differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in cell,cell process,catalytic activity,binding,ovarian steroid synthesis,thyroid hormone and other functions and pathways. The thyroid hormone signaling pathway was the common enrichment pathway of the two control groups. In a word,Cuscutae Semen flavonoids has a good treatment effect on male reproductive damage caused by Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets. The mechanism may be closely related to up-regulation of DNMT3 L genes and intervention of thyroid hormone signaling pathway. At the same time,the discovery of many different genes provides valuable information for study on the mechanism of Cuscutae Semen flavonoids and Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets compatibility decreasing toxicity and increasing efficiency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cuscuta , Chemistry , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , Female , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Genitalia , Pathology , Glycosides , Toxicity , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Male , Rats , Seeds , Chemistry , Signal Transduction , Tablets , Thyroid Hormones , Genetics , Transcriptome , Tripterygium , Toxicity
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773147

ABSTRACT

In the present study,non-targeted metabolomics technique was used to screen potentially susceptibility biomarkers in patients with mild liver function abnormalities during long-term use of Chinese herbal compound. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,we collected 7 cases of patients with abnormal liver function during the period of complete taking Chinese herbal medicine( 60 days),and 18 cases of patients with normal liver function in re-examination from the reproductive medicine center in our hospital. Ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF/MS~E) technique combined with Progenesis QI software was used to analyze the differential biomarkers in serum of patients with wild liver function abnormalities and normal liver function. 11 potential biomarkers such as bilirubin,pantothenic acid,hippuric acid,sphingomyelin,palmitic acid,and oleic acid were tentatively identified. Metabolic disorders in patients with herbal-induced mild liver abnormality were mainly related to two pathways: pantothenic acid and coenzyme A biosynthesis and linoleic acid metabolism. It could provide a reference for the early warning of mild liver function abnormalities of patients that may be caused by long-term use of Chinese medicine compound in clinical application,and will lay a foundation for further understanding the endogenous substance changes in different levels of liver injury.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Liver Diseases , Blood , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 574-584, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779910

ABSTRACT

In this study, we used a mathematic-based modeling system to screen the cytokines that are sensitive to Zhuangguguanjie wan (ZGW)-induced idiosyncratic liver injury. The values of 27 cytokines were used as the data source in rat liver of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) + ZGW group. The alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity value of liver function indexes was used as the outcome evaluation index of liver injury. Cytokines of ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury were screened using Logistic regression, random forest method, LASSO Logistics regression and method of combining rule discovery algorithm with LASSO, and cytokines filtered out were revalued in THP1 macrophage. Susceptible cytokine combinations:interleukin-1β (IL-1β), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) closely related to ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury were obtained after preliminary screening analysis. The result of revalued in THP1 showed that the ethanolic extract of ZGW (EtZ) combined with IL-1β or IL-18 synergistically enhanced tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion in THP1 macrophage, and EtZ combined with IL-1β significantly enhanced interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in THP1 macrophage, but EtZ combined with EGF markedly inhibited IL-6 secretion in THP1 macrophage. The results suggest that the sensitive cytokines that can be characterized in the ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury are IL-1β and IL-18, which provides a basis for screening the ZGW-induced idiosyncratic liver injury patients, and a new experimental evidence for clinical safety medication and risk prevention of ZGW.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690700

ABSTRACT

To establish HPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of 14 toxic or active components in Fuzi formula granules, and further analyze the quality consistency of 29 batches of formula granules by considering the cluster analysis (CA), principal component analysis (PCA), and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and other chemometrics methods. Phenomenonex Gemini C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid solution (A) -acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phase. The mass spectrum was scanned by ESI⁺ multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The contents of aconitine, mesaconitine, hypaconitine, Indaconitine, benzoylaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylhypaconitine, aconine, fuziline, neoline, talatisamine, songorine, higenamine and salsoline were determined. The results showed that 14 compounds had a good linear relationship within their respective concentration range (R²>0.990 0). The limit of quantification was 2.07-7.71 mg·L⁻¹, and the average recovery was 96.07%-102.2%. The content determination results demonstrated that all batches of Fuzi formula granules had very low hypertoxic ingredients and high safety, while the content of active ingredients was greatly different. CA and PCA results showed that there were significant differences in the formula granules between two manufacturers; even though the different batches of samples from the same manufacturer had certain differences, but the difference in manufacturer A was less than that of B. Further PLS-DA showed that the content of cardiotonic substance salsola in the formula granules from manufacturer A was generally higher, while the contents of analgesic and anti-inflammatory substances benzoylmesaconitine and fuziline were generally lower than those in the products from manufacturer B. In conclusion, the safety of Fuzi formula granules was assured well, but the consistency needed to be improved. We recommend that all manufacturers establish strict standard for decoctions in the production process, and form a unified standard method to produce better Fuzi formula granules.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690683

ABSTRACT

Naoxintong capsule (NXTC) is an oral Chinese preparation produced by modern technology, derived from the classic preparation of Buyang Huanwu decoction which was recorded by WANG Qing-ren (Qing dynasty) in Yilingaicuo Juanxia Tanweilun. NXTC is composed of 16 herbs including insect herbs and some blood circulation herbs, with the effects of supplementing Qi and activating blood circulation, dispersing blood stasis and dredging collaterals. In clinical application, it is mainly used for stroke, cerebral infarction, vascular dementia, ischemic cerebrovascular disease, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, ischemic cardiomyopathy, diabetic cardiomyopathy, myocardial infarction, chronic heart failure, chronic complications of diabetes, essential hypertension, hyperlipidemia and other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and has achieved good therapeutic effect on above diseases or their concurrent diseases. Its clinical efficacy is mainly achieved through the improvement in related links of brain protection, neuroprotection, cardioprotection, hemorheology, et al. Nearly 200 chemical constituents identified in NXTC are important pharmacological basis for its functions. At present, however, most of its pharmacological basic researches are focused on plant herbs, and the three kinds of insect herbs remain to be further studied. The researches on clinical effectiveness are more comprehensive; the safety study of long-term application in real world is ongoing by our team, and its results are yet to be published after finishing the study. Through the systematic and comprehensive combing and elaboration of the research progresses on the chemical compositions, pharmacological action and clinical application of NXTC, it can provide a reference for the in-depth study of this preparation, with a great significance for the quality control, secondary development and internationalization promotion of NXTC.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1033-1040, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779691

ABSTRACT

On basis of the idiosyncratic lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-mediated hepatotoxicity model, liver injury induced by Zhuangguguanjie wan(ZGW)was evaluated, and the mechanism was explored. Idiosyncratic hepatotoxicity model was established in rats by injecting LPS at a dosage of 2.8 mg·kg-1. Rats were randomly divided into the normal control group, LPS group, ZGW group and LPS+ZGW group. Alanine aminotransferase(ALT)and aspartate aminotransferase(AST)activities were analyzed in serum; pathological changes(HE staining)and the content of cytokines of liver were tested; and immune cell subpopulation ration were determined in blood and liver. Compared with the control group, the ZGW group and LPS group had no significant changes in ALT, AST and liver pathology(P> 0.05); while the ZGW+LPS group exhibited an elevation in ALT and AST(P< 0.05). Disorder of liver lobular arrangement and irregular island-like or massive necrosis of liver cells were observed in the group. Several cytokines in the liver were increased in LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P< 0.05 or P< 0.01), and the level in ZGW+LPS group was higher than that of LPS group. Compared with the control group, the ratio of CD3+ T cell/lymphocyte of blood in LPS group was significantly decreased(P< 0.01); while the percentage of CD3+ T cells in the liver were significantly increased(P< 0.05). The contents of immune cells of blood had no significant changes between LPS group and ZGW+LPS group(P> 0.05). CD3+ T cell in the liver of ZGW+LPS group was significantly increased over the LPS group(P< 0.05). Aggregation or activity of CD3+ T cell was increased by ZGW combined with LPS. These results suggest that ZGW could promote T lymphocyte recruitment to liver under the immune activation state leading to inflammatory response, which may contribute to idiosyncratic liver injury.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320857

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical application characteristics of Danggui-Chuanxiong(DG-CX) herb pair in Chinese medicines on basis of real-world, and provide reference for explaining the inherent compatibility regularity and the relationship between clinical applications and disease species. From April 1, 2014 to June 30, 2014, a total of 8 792 prescriptions with both "DG"and "CX" in a large third-grade class-A traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) hospital were selected to establish the database for analyzing the ratio, dosage, and corresponding disease species of DG-CX herb pair. The results showed that, "DG-CX" with ratio "1∶1" had the highest frequency in clinical application(42.4%); the dosage was mainly of 15 g for both DG and CX; the disease species were mainly of encephalopathy and pulmonary diseases. "DG-CX" herb pairs with a ratio greater than "1∶1" accounted for 33.3% of all the prescriptions, and the ratio "3∶2" appeared to be most frequent among them; the dosage was mainly of 15 g for DG and and 10 g for CX; the disease species were mainly of encephalopathy diseases. "DG-CX" herb pairs with a ratio less than "1∶1" accounted for 24.3% of all the prescriptions, and the ratio "2∶3" appeared to be most frequent among them; the dosage was mainly of 10 g for DG and 15 g for CX; the disease species were mainly of encephalopathy diseases. Statistical method was applied to study the compatibility and application characteristics of Chinese herb pairs in clinical prescriptions, effectively discover the medication regularity, provide theoretical basis for clinical herbal prescriptions and provide scientific guidance and reliable data for modern research of Chinese herb pairs.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812529

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed at exploring different roles of the same compound in different environment, using preparative HPLC, and the significance to investigating bio-active constituents in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the basis of holism. In this study, the depletion of target component ferulic acid (FA) by using preparative HPLC followed by antioxidant activity testing was applied to investigate the roles of FA in Angelicae Sinensis Radix (DG), Chuanxiong Rhizoma (CX) and their combination (GX). The antioxidant activity was performed by 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging activity testing. FA was successfully and exclusively depleted from DG, CX, and GX, respectively. By comparing the effects of the samples, it was found that FA was one of the main antioxidant constituents in DG, CX and GX, and the roles of FA were DG > CX > GX. Furthermore, the effects of FA varied at different doses in these herbs. This study provided a reliable and effective approach to clarifying the contribution of same compound in different TCMs to their bio-activities. The role of a constituent in different TCMs might be different, and a component with the same content might have different effects in different chemical environments. Furthermore, this study also suggested the potential utilization of preparative HPLC in the characterization of the roles of multi-ingredients in TCM.


Subject(s)
Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , Antioxidants , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumaric Acids , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rhizome , Chemistry
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1304-1309, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299135

ABSTRACT

The combination of Danggui and Honghua (GH) is a popular herb pair commonly used in clinic for the treatment of blood stasis syndrome in China. To evaluate the activating blood circulation and dissipating blood stasis effects of the combination of different proportions of Danggui and Honghua on acute blood stasis rats, and optimize the proportion of GH to have the best activating blood circulation and dissipating blood stasis effect. Acute blood stasis rat model was induced by subcutaneous injection of adrenaline and ice water bath. The blood stasis rats were administrated intragastrically with GH (1 : 0, 4 : 1, 2 : 1, 3 : 2, 1 : 1, 2 : 3, 1: 2, 1 : 4 and 0 : 1) extracts. The whole blood viscosity (WBV), plasma viscosity (PV), and high shear whole blood relative index (HSWBRI), low shear whole blood relative index (LSWBRI), and erythrocyte aggregation index (EAI) were tested to observe the effects of GH on hemorheology of blood stasis rats. And the maximum aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP) was tested to observe the effect of GH on platelet aggregation index of blood stasis rats. In addition, the prothrombin time (PT), thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and plasma fibrinogen (FIB) were tested to observe the effects of GH on blood coagulation function of blood stasis rats. Then principal component analysis and multi-attribute comprehensive index methods were both used to comprehensively evaluate the total activating blood circulation and dissipating blood stasis effects of GH. The results showed that the hemorheological indexes and coagulation parameters of model group both had significant differences with normal group. Compared with model group, GH (1 : 0, 4 : 1, 2: 1, 3 : 2, 1 : 1, 2 : 3, 1 : 2, 1 : 4 and 0 : 1) could improve all the blood hemorheology indexes and regulate part indexes of blood coagulation function and platelet aggregation in acute blood stasis rats. Based on principal component analysis and multi-attribute comprehensive index methods, GH 1 : 1 and GH 3 : 2 both had the best effect of blood circulation and dissipating blood stasis, and the effect of GH 1 : 1 was slightly better than GH 3 : 2. These results suggest that GH could obviously ameliorate the abnormality of hemorheology and blood coagulation function in acute blood stasis rats. The optimized proportion of GH was consistent with regulations of medicine usage that GH 1 : 1 had the highest frequency used in traditional Chinese formulae. It could provide scientific basis for more effective application of the compatibility between Danggui and Honghua in modern clinic medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Coagulation , Blood Viscosity , Carthamus tinctorius , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Erythrocyte Aggregation , Hemorheology , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Aggregation , Principal Component Analysis , Prothrombin Time , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thrombin Time
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318686

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the in vitro antioxidant interaction of different preparations and proportions of Danggui-Chuanxiong drug pair in the DPPH free radical scavenging rate with the response surface methodology.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging rate method was adopted for determining the antioxidant activity of extracts from Danggui-Chuanxiong with 10 proportions and three extraction processes. The response surface methodology was used to determine the parameters of the dose-effect curve and establish a three-dimensional response surface model. The three-dimensional response surface graph was constructed with Matlab software.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>All of the 30 samples with different proportions and preparations had antioxidant effect in scavenging free radicals and a remarkable dose-effect relationship. Their water extracts had a narrow synergistic range, with only spot distribution. Their antagonist ranges were districted in six bands of various widths. The synergistic ranges of ethanol extracts were districted in small bands, with the antagonist ranges scattered in points. The synergistic ranges of their water-alcohol extracts were distributed in three bands, with their antagonist ranges scattered in points. In short, the water-alcohol extracts showed a wider synergistic range than ethanol extracts, followed by water-extracts. All of the three extraction processes showed no obvious synergistic and antagonist effects.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The quantitative study on the interaction of traditional Chinese medicines with different compatibilities with the response surface methodology provides reference of thoughts and methods for relevant studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Synergism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Free Radical Scavengers , Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287614

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine pair (CMP) was frequently applied in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinic, and its significance was shown in long-term clinical practices and many accumulated experiences. It is the unique combination of two relatively fixed Chinese medicines in TCM clinic with the basic feature and principle of TCM compatibility, is the most fundamental and the simplest form of TCM formulae with certain theory basis and combinatory reason, which is proven effective. And the unique combination is frequently used for achieving mutual reinforcement or detoxication. CMP is an intermediate point between single herb and many TCM formulae, reflecting the regularity of TCM formulae compatibility and connotation of differential treatment. This paper analyzed and summarized the basic characteristics, development process and research significance of CMP, which aims to lead the modern basic and applied research on compatibility theory of CMP.


Subject(s)
Drug Interactions , History, 16th Century , History, 17th Century , History, 18th Century , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , History, 21st Century , History, Ancient , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , History , Methods
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287612

ABSTRACT

The total effect of Chinese medicine pair (CMP) was not the simply addition of two single herbs, but the interaction of their different components. Therefore, the research on the bio-active components of CMP is the basis of CMP compatibility study, and has important significance for revealing the compatibility effect and action mechanism, and creating traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) new drugs. This paper summed up the latest research progress of CMP on the basis of the bio-active components variation regularity of CMP from chemical solutions and content changes in vitro and the actions of CMP on bodies in vivo, in order to further drive the modern basic and applied research of CMP, and to reveal the scientific essence of CMP compatibility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Compounding , Drug Interactions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Pharmacokinetics
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287611

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine pairs (CMP) are specific compatibility with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory as principle, which was formed on basis of effect and treatment theory of TCM. The compatibility of CMP can enhance the effect, or reduce the toxicity. So, compatibility effects of CMP were studied from different pharmacology levels including animals, tissues and organs, cell and molecular levels, their synergy and compatibility attenuation were also evaluated with monomer component-component (group) compatibility-single herb-CMP-formulae as the main line, and the action mechanisms were investigated, all of which can provide scientific basis for the clinical applications of CMP and creation of TCM new drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Interactions , Drug Synergism , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287610

ABSTRACT

Along with progress of modern science and technology, human is utilizing natural resources and their inherent law more effectively and more efficiently according to their own purposes. Chinese medicine pair (CMP) is relatively fixed combination of two TCMs which was proven to be effective in clinical application. CMP has its inner specification, and it is an intermediate point between single herb and many TCM formulae. With the aid of modern science and technology, and by means of choosing appropriate strategies and approaches, the compatibility rules of CMP might be revealed, which will be significant to develop the compatibility theory of TCM formulae and create modern TCM new drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Clinical Trials as Topic , Drug Interactions , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Research Design , Systems Biology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287609

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma-Euodiae Fructus has been widely used for the treatment of digestive diseases since Song Dynasty, and therapeutic efficacy is very obvious. Modern research found that alkaloids are the main bio-active constituents, and some of their contents have striking difference after compatibility of the two herbs. The Chinese medicine pair (CMP) has extensive biological activities, such as the effect of gastrointestinal effect, anti-tumor, lowering the blood pressure and blood fat and so on. And some action mechanism of CMP also got partial demonstration. This paper mainly summarized the bio-active constituents, compatibility effects, action mechanism and clinical applications of the CMP, which can provide a basis for further research and development of the CMP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Evodia , Chemistry , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287608

ABSTRACT

Angelicae Sinensis Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma has the effects of nourishing and tonifying blood, activating blood and dissipating blood stasis, regulating menstruation and analgetic, which is commonly used Chinese medicine pair (CMP) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) clinic. It might be an independent formula, and is also usually used in many gynecological formulae and modern TCM prescriptions. This paper mainly analyzed and summarized the compatibility theory, bio-active constituents, compatibility effects and action mechanism, and clinical applications of the CMP, which can provide a basis for the depth research and development of the CMP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Drug Interactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods
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