Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the characteristics of Bletilla striata microspheres (BSMs) and its effects as an embolic agent in a rabbit model.@*METHODS@#BSMs were prepared with an emulsification-cool condensation-chemical cross-linking method. The characteristics of BSMs in vitro were observed. Embolization experiments were performed in renal artery of rabbit and in a rabbit liver VX2 carcinoma model. Seventy-two New Zealand rabbits were divided into 2 groups, and the right renal artery was embolized with BSMs (200 μm in diameter) in the experimental group and with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) of the same size in the control group. The pathological findings were examined with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson stainings. Liver and renal functions were tested before and after embolization. VX2 tumor was transplanted in 15 New Zealand rabbits, which were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=5). Group A were treated with saline, group B with a mixture of doxorubicin and lipiodol, and group C with hepatic arterial infusion of BSMs (200 μm in diameter). Tumor growth rate was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging scan. Apoptosis-related factors (bax, bcl-2) and tumor vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) were evaluated through immunohistochemical staining.@*RESULTS@#The characteristics of BSMs in vitro were in full compliance with the requirements for use in interventional procedures. In the renal artery embolization experiment, after BSMs intervention, it was more difficult to form collateral circulation than that with PVAs, and the kidney manifested atrophy and calcification. There were no significant difference of liver and renal functions in rabbits between groups. In the liver VX2 carcinoma embolization experiment, compared with group A, the growth rate of VX2 liver tumor and Bcl-2 levels was reduced, while apoptosis index, Bax, and VEGF were increased in group B (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The characteristics of BSMs in vitro and in vivo meet the requirements for its use as an embolic agent in interventional approaches.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331133

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the current study was to examine the pharmacokinetic profiles and tissue distribution of clevidipine, an ultra-short-acting calcium antagonist in Beagle dogs and Sprague-Dawley rats, respectively. The pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of its primary metabolite H152/81 were also evaluated. Dogs received intravenous infusion of clevidipine at a dose rate of 17 μg/(kg·min), and rats were given intravenous administration of clevidipine at a dose of 5 mg/kg. Dog plasma and rat tissues were collected and assayed by HPLC-MS/MS. It was found that plasma clevidipine quickly reached the steady state concentration. The terminal half-life was short (16.8 min), pointing out a rapid elimination after the end of the infusion. The total clearance was 5 mL/(min·kg). In comparison, plasma concentration of H152/81 was increased more slowly and was significantly higher than that of clevidipine. After intravenous administration, clevidipine was distributed rapidly into all tissues examined, with the highest concentrations found in the brain, heart and liver. Maximal concentrations of clevidipine were found in most tissues at 10 min post-dosing. However, the proportion of clevidipine distributed in all tissues was quite small (0.042‰) compared to the total administration dose. It was suggested that clevidipine was mainly distributed in blood and it transformed to inactive metabolite rapidly.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium Channel Blockers , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Dogs , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Organ Specificity , Pyridines , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Rats
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351058

ABSTRACT

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of butoconazole in human plasma. Human plasma samples of 0.2 μL were pretreated by a single step protein precipitation procedure and analyzed using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) electrospray tandem mass spectrometer system. The compounds were eluted isocratically on an Inertsil ODS-SP column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 3 μm), ionized using a positive ion atmospheric pressure electrospray ionization source and analyzed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The ion transitions monitored were m/z 412.8→165.1 for butoconazole and m/z 453.4→230.3 for the internal standard. The chromatographic run time was 3.5 min per injection, with retention time of 2.47 min and 2.15 min for butoconazole and repaglinide, respectively. The method was validated to be linear over the range of 20 to 8000 pg/mL (r>0.999) by using a weighted (1/x(2)) quadratic regression. The mean recovery rate was more than 86.7%, and the intra- and inter-day precision of the quality control samples (QCs) was less than 8.3% and the accuracy ranged from 96.0% to 110.2%, which indicated that the quantitative method was reliable and accurate. The method is simple, rapid, and has been applied successfully to a pharmacokinetics study of butoconazole nitrate suppositories in healthy Chinese females.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravaginal , Adult , Antifungal Agents , Blood , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Calibration , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Female , Humans , Imidazoles , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Middle Aged , Molecular Structure , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Time Factors , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636885

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the current study was to examine the pharmacokinetic profiles and tissue distribution of clevidipine, an ultra-short-acting calcium antagonist in Beagle dogs and Sprague-Dawley rats, respectively. The pharmacokinetics and biodistribution of its primary metabolite H152/81 were also evaluated. Dogs received intravenous infusion of clevidipine at a dose rate of 17 μg/(kg·min), and rats were given intravenous administration of clevidipine at a dose of 5 mg/kg. Dog plasma and rat tissues were collected and assayed by HPLC-MS/MS. It was found that plasma clevidipine quickly reached the steady state concentration. The terminal half-life was short (16.8 min), pointing out a rapid elimination after the end of the infusion. The total clearance was 5 mL/(min·kg). In comparison, plasma concentration of H152/81 was increased more slowly and was significantly higher than that of clevidipine. After intravenous administration, clevidipine was distributed rapidly into all tissues examined, with the highest concentrations found in the brain, heart and liver. Maximal concentrations of clevidipine were found in most tissues at 10 min post-dosing. However, the proportion of clevidipine distributed in all tissues was quite small (0.042‰) compared to the total administration dose. It was suggested that clevidipine was mainly distributed in blood and it transformed to inactive metabolite rapidly.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636703

ABSTRACT

A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for the determination of butoconazole in human plasma. Human plasma samples of 0.2 μL were pretreated by a single step protein precipitation procedure and analyzed using a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) electrospray tandem mass spectrometer system. The compounds were eluted isocratically on an Inertsil ODS-SP column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 3 μm), ionized using a positive ion atmospheric pressure electrospray ionization source and analyzed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. The ion transitions monitored were m/z 412.8→165.1 for butoconazole and m/z 453.4→230.3 for the internal standard. The chromatographic run time was 3.5 min per injection, with retention time of 2.47 min and 2.15 min for butoconazole and repaglinide, respectively. The method was validated to be linear over the range of 20 to 8000 pg/mL (r>0.999) by using a weighted (1/x(2)) quadratic regression. The mean recovery rate was more than 86.7%, and the intra- and inter-day precision of the quality control samples (QCs) was less than 8.3% and the accuracy ranged from 96.0% to 110.2%, which indicated that the quantitative method was reliable and accurate. The method is simple, rapid, and has been applied successfully to a pharmacokinetics study of butoconazole nitrate suppositories in healthy Chinese females.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251392

ABSTRACT

The combined use of batifiban, a synthetic platelet GPII b/ IIIa receptor antagonist, and antithrombin agents is an attractive option for the treatment of patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and those scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention. To observe whether antithrombin agents affect the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of batifiban in combination therapy and optimize clinical administration dosage of batifiban, an open-label and parallel study was conducted. Thirty healthy subjects were randomly divided into three groups, which were sequentially treated with batifiban alone, or oral coadministration of clopidogrel, aspirin and UFH, or batifiban coadministered with these antithrombin agents. Blood samples were collected at pre-specified time points. The evaluation index included the inhibition of platelet aggregation and pharmacokinetic parameters. The pharmacokinetic parameters of batifiban and batifiban coadministered with antithrombin agents showed no significant differences. The mean inhibition rate of platelet aggregation (%) suggested that neither batifiban alone nor antithrombin agents alone could provide such potent inhibition rate (>80%) to obtain the best clinical efficacy, but they had a synergistic effect on platelet inhibition. No serious adverse effects were observed. The results in these healthy subjects suggest that batifiban coadministrated with antithrombin agents could achieve optimum clinical treatment effect for patients with NSTE ACS, and also those scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Adolescent , Adult , Area Under Curve , Aspirin , Pharmacology , China , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Fibrinolytic Agents , Pharmacology , Heparin , Pharmacology , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Metabolic Clearance Rate , Peptides, Cyclic , Pharmacokinetics , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Pharmacokinetics , Ticlopidine , Pharmacology , Time Factors , Young Adult
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636357

ABSTRACT

The combined use of batifiban, a synthetic platelet GPII b/ IIIa receptor antagonist, and antithrombin agents is an attractive option for the treatment of patients with non-ST-segment elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and those scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention. To observe whether antithrombin agents affect the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of batifiban in combination therapy and optimize clinical administration dosage of batifiban, an open-label and parallel study was conducted. Thirty healthy subjects were randomly divided into three groups, which were sequentially treated with batifiban alone, or oral coadministration of clopidogrel, aspirin and UFH, or batifiban coadministered with these antithrombin agents. Blood samples were collected at pre-specified time points. The evaluation index included the inhibition of platelet aggregation and pharmacokinetic parameters. The pharmacokinetic parameters of batifiban and batifiban coadministered with antithrombin agents showed no significant differences. The mean inhibition rate of platelet aggregation (%) suggested that neither batifiban alone nor antithrombin agents alone could provide such potent inhibition rate (>80%) to obtain the best clinical efficacy, but they had a synergistic effect on platelet inhibition. No serious adverse effects were observed. The results in these healthy subjects suggest that batifiban coadministrated with antithrombin agents could achieve optimum clinical treatment effect for patients with NSTE ACS, and also those scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636165

ABSTRACT

A kind of thrombus-targeted lipid-coated microbubbles were prepared, and the target property of the microbubbles and the effects of different methods detecting thrombosis in vessels were observed. Phospholipid-coated microbubbles were prepared by membrane-hydration method. Thrombus-targeted lipid-coated fluorocarbon microbubbles were labeled with specific fluorescence and then integrated to the thrombus in vivo and ex vivo through an avidin biotin system. The thrombus was immediately observed for the distribution and property of the thrombus-targeted microbubbles under the optical microscope, fluorescence microscope and transmission electron microscope. The carotid thrombosis models were set up in rabbits, and the effects of different methods detecting thrombosis in vessels were observed. The diameter of the phospholipid-coated microbubbles was 0.8-2.5 μm, and even reached nanoscale in some of them. The zeta electric potential was about -11 mV and the concentration was about 1.08×10(10)/mL. Immunofluorescence of rapid frozen sections in vivo and ex vivo showed that massive targeted lipid-coated microbubbles flocked around fresh blood clots and some aggregated within them under the light and fluorescence microscope. The number of aggregated microbubbles ex vivo was greater than that observed in the experiment in vivo, and the fluorescence observed in the experiment ex vivo was stronger than that in the experiment in vivo. The same imaging was observed under the electron microscope. Models of carotid thrombosis in rabbits were established successfully. Effects of detecting thrombosis by means of thrombosis-targeted microbubble ultrasonoraphy and Sono Vue ultrasonography in vessels were more satisfactory than those by Color Doplor Flow Imaging (CDFI), ordinary microbubbles and Three Dimensions-time of flight MR angiography (3D-TOF-MRA) (P<0.01). Compared to ordinary microbubbles ultrasonography, thrombosis-targeted microbubbles ultrasonography had the advantages whenever in imaging quality or in imaging time. Thrombus-targeted phospholipid-coated microbubbles were prepared successfully by membrane-hydration method. They could aggregate rapidly in fresh blood clots and enter deep into the internal part of the thrombus both in vivo and ex vivo, and had the targeted property of strongly conjugating with the thrombus. Compared to other thrombosis detection methods, ultrasonography with thrombosis-targeted microbubbles has obvious advantages in detecting thrombosis in vessels, mainly in: non-invasiveness, safety, good image quality, accuracy, and longer imaging time.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343127

ABSTRACT

A kind of thrombus-targeted lipid-coated microbubbles were prepared, and the target property of the microbubbles and the effects of different methods detecting thrombosis in vessels were observed. Phospholipid-coated microbubbles were prepared by membrane-hydration method. Thrombus-targeted lipid-coated fluorocarbon microbubbles were labeled with specific fluorescence and then integrated to the thrombus in vivo and ex vivo through an avidin biotin system. The thrombus was immediately observed for the distribution and property of the thrombus-targeted microbubbles under the optical microscope, fluorescence microscope and transmission electron microscope. The carotid thrombosis models were set up in rabbits, and the effects of different methods detecting thrombosis in vessels were observed. The diameter of the phospholipid-coated microbubbles was 0.8-2.5 μm, and even reached nanoscale in some of them. The zeta electric potential was about -11 mV and the concentration was about 1.08×10(10)/mL. Immunofluorescence of rapid frozen sections in vivo and ex vivo showed that massive targeted lipid-coated microbubbles flocked around fresh blood clots and some aggregated within them under the light and fluorescence microscope. The number of aggregated microbubbles ex vivo was greater than that observed in the experiment in vivo, and the fluorescence observed in the experiment ex vivo was stronger than that in the experiment in vivo. The same imaging was observed under the electron microscope. Models of carotid thrombosis in rabbits were established successfully. Effects of detecting thrombosis by means of thrombosis-targeted microbubble ultrasonoraphy and Sono Vue ultrasonography in vessels were more satisfactory than those by Color Doplor Flow Imaging (CDFI), ordinary microbubbles and Three Dimensions-time of flight MR angiography (3D-TOF-MRA) (P<0.01). Compared to ordinary microbubbles ultrasonography, thrombosis-targeted microbubbles ultrasonography had the advantages whenever in imaging quality or in imaging time. Thrombus-targeted phospholipid-coated microbubbles were prepared successfully by membrane-hydration method. They could aggregate rapidly in fresh blood clots and enter deep into the internal part of the thrombus both in vivo and ex vivo, and had the targeted property of strongly conjugating with the thrombus. Compared to other thrombosis detection methods, ultrasonography with thrombosis-targeted microbubbles has obvious advantages in detecting thrombosis in vessels, mainly in: non-invasiveness, safety, good image quality, accuracy, and longer imaging time.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carotid Artery Thrombosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Contrast Media , Drug Compounding , Methods , Female , Image Enhancement , Methods , Lipids , Male , Microbubbles , Rabbits , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography , Methods
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 181-187, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278283

ABSTRACT

The magnetic responsibility and antitumor effect of magnetic gemcitabine stealth nano-liposomes (MGSL) on breast cancer cell line MCF-7 in vitro and in vivo was evaluated. The magnetic response and targeting effect of MGSL in vivo were investigated. Morphological feature and ultrastructure changes of apoptosis of MCF-7 cells were observed. The effect of MGSL on proliferation inhibitory rate of MCF-7 cells was measured with MTT method. The FCM analysis was carried out to examine the cell cycle distribution and cell apoptotic rate. The antitumor effect on human breast cancer xenografts in nude mice was also studied. MGSL was able to converge at the targeting tissue under tridimensional magnetic field and the gemcitabine concentration around it increased, while the amount of gemcitabine in other organs decreased, such as in kidneys and heart. MCF-7 cell line was sensitive to MGSL and the cytotoxity was correlated with the loaded drug dose. The effect of MGSL on apoptosis of MCF-7 was obvious and the rate of apoptosis was 51.62%. The growth speed of tumor in the group of MGSL (+) significantly slowed down than that of other groups. MGSL prepared by reverse-phase evaporation method met with the demand of targeted delivery system, and it might be an effective antitumor agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Deoxycytidine , Pharmacokinetics , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Delivery Systems , Female , Humans , Liposomes , Chemistry , Magnetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Nanoparticles , Neoplasm Transplantation , Tissue Distribution , Tumor Burden
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL