Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 11 de 11
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887747

ABSTRACT

Malocclusion is one of the three most common oral diseases reported by World Health Organization(WHO). In China, its incidence rate is rising. Malocclusion seriously affects the dental and maxillofacial function, facial appearance and growth development of nearly 260 million children in China, and what is more, it affects their physical and mental health development. Malocclusion occurrence is related to genetic and environmental factors. Early treatment of malocclusion can create a good dental and maxillofacial development environment, correct abnormal growth and control the adverse effects of abnormal genetic factors. It can effectively reduce the prevalence of children's malocclusion and enhance their physical and mental health. This is an urgent need from the economic perspective of our society, so it has great practical and social significance. Experts from the project group "standard diagnose and treatment protocols for early orthodontic intervention of malocclusions of children" which initiated by China National Health Institute of Hospital Administration wrote the "China Experts' Consensus on Preventive and Interceptive Orthodontic Treatments of Malocclusions of Children", which aims to guide and popularize the clinical practice, improve the clinical theory and practice level, and accelerate the disciplinary development of early treatment of children's malocclusion in China. The consensus elaborates the harmfulness of malocclusion and the necessity of early treatment, and brings up the principles and fundamental contents. Based on the law of dental and maxillofacial development, this paper puts forward the guiding suggestions of preventive and interceptive treatments in different stages of dental development ranging from fetus to early permanent dentition. It is a systematic project to promote and standardize the early treatment of malocclusion. Through scientific and comprehensive stratified clinical practice and professional training, the clinical system of early treatment of malocclusion in China will eventually be perfected, so as to comprehensively care for children's dental and maxillofacial health, and improve their oral and physical health in China.


Subject(s)
Child , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Malocclusion/prevention & control , Orthodontics, Interceptive
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a three-dimensional (3D) method for evaluating temporomandibular joint (TMJ) changes during Twin-block treatment.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion treated using Twin-block and nine untreated patients with a similar malocclusion were included in this research. We collected their cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) data from before and 8 months after treatment. Segmentations were constructed using ITK-SNAP. Condylar volume and superficial area were measured using 3D Slicer. The 3D landmarks were identified on CBCT images by using Dolphin software to assess the condylar positional relationship. 3D models of the mandible and glenoid fossa of the patients were constructed and registered via voxel-based superimposition using 3D Slicer. Thereafter, skeletal changes could be visualized using 3DMeshMetric in any direction of the superimposition on a color-coded map. All the superimpositions were measured using the same scale on the distance color-coded map, in which red color represents overgrowth and blue color represents resorption.@*RESULTS@#Significant differences were observed in condylar volume, superficial area, and condylar position in both groups after 8 months. Compared with the control group (CG), the Twin-block group exhibited more obvious condyle-fossa modifications and joint positional changes. Moreover, on the color-coded map, more obvious condyle-fossa modifications could be observed in the posterior and superior directions in the Twin-block group than in the CG.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We successfully established a 3D method for measuring and evaluating TMJ changes caused by Twin-block treatment. The treatment produced a larger condylar size and caused condylar positional changes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879789

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the application of ponderal index (PI), body mass index (BMI), mid-arm circumference/head circumference (MAC/HC), and Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CANS) score in assessing the nutritional status of neonates at birth, and to find a simple and reliable scheme for the assessment of fetal nutritional status.@*METHODS@#PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS were used to assess the nutritional status of full-term infants and preterm infants shortly after birth. The assessment results of these methods were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 678 full-term infants, 61, 102, 47, and 131 were diagnosed with malnutrition by PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS respectively. Among the 140 preterm infants, 30, 87, 9, and 112 were diagnosed with malnutrition by PI, BMI, MAC/HC, and CANS respectively. The combination of BMI and CANS had a detection rate of 99.3% in full-term infants and 100% in preterm infants. Compared with the single method, the combination significantly improved the detection rate of malnutrition (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of BMI+CANS can reduce the rate of missed diagnosis of fetal malnutrition. It is therefore a simple and reliable method for the assessment of fetal malnutrition.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Fetal Nutrition Disorders/diagnosis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801732

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare Lycii Fructus polysaccharide buccal tablets and investigate its immunomodulatory effect. Method:Taking the appearance, taste, hardness and disintegration time of the tablets as comprehensive evaluation index, based on single factor tests, central composite design-response surface methodology was adopted to optimize the prescription of Lycii Fructus polysaccharide buccal tablets with mass ratio of dextrin to mannitol, mass ratio of cyclamate to malic acid and dosage of sodium carboxymethyl starch (CMS-Na) as factors. Kunming mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, namely the Lycii Fructus polysaccharide buccal tablets low (100 mg·kg-1·d-1), medium (200 mg·kg-1·d-1) and high (300 mg·kg-1·d-1) dose groups, the normal group (0.9% normal saline, 300 mg·kg-1·d-1) and the positive medicine group (Cinengsu group, 300 mg·kg-1·d-1). The immunomodulatory effect of the buccal tablets were investigated by calculating immune organ index, monocyte-macrophage phagocytic index, serum hemolysin antibody level, and the voix pedis thickness difference of delayed hypersensitivity (DTH) of mice. Result:Optimal prescription for the buccal tablets was 80% of Lycii Fructus extract, 11.5% of dextrin-mannitol (1.2:1), 1% of cyclamate-malic acid (1:1), 0.5% of cream essence, 6.5% of CMS-Na, 0.5% of magnesium stearate, and appropriate amount of 80% ethanol. Under the optimal condition, the hardness of the buccal tablets was 11.83 kg, its disintegration time was 13.21 min, both of which were in line with the relevant provisions of the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and the buccal tablets had good appearance and taste. Compared with the normal group, medium and high dose groups of Lycii Fructus polysaccharide buccal tablets significantly increased thymus index, spleen index and phagocytic index of mice (PPPPPConclusion:The formulation process of the buccal tablets optimized by central composite design-response surface methodology is stable and feasible, and Lycii Fructus polysaccharide buccal tablets can improve the immune regulation function of normal mice, and this study can provide experimental basis for the development, utilization and clinical application of Lycii Fructus and Lycii Fructus polysaccharides.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692251

ABSTRACT

By using a double loop technique based on a set of mechanical transmission components and a flow path system,a double function of injection and fraction collection was realized. On the basis of double loop technique,a novel type of online/offline interface for two-dimensional liquid chromatography was designed to construct an efficient separation system coupling two different separation modes with a higher peak capacity, and the functions of the interface were evaluated. By means of connecting the interface to an HPLC system, the multiple functions of injection, fraction collection and injection again were fulfilled for preparation and purity analysis of 4 kinds of aromatic compounds. As for combination of 2 sets of HPLC system,5 kinds of protein samples were separated preliminarily by strong cation exchange chromatography, and the components difficult to separate were collected and injected into reversed phase chromatographic system for further separation. Furthermore, the interface was applied to coupling two chromatographic systems in both strong cation exchange mode and microcolumn reversed-phase mode for the two-dimensional separation of bovine serum albumin enzymatic digest. When 1 mAU was set as the integral threshold,a total number of 292 peaks were identified. With the help of the online/offline interface, the preparation of microscale samples, fine separation of hardly separated samples and two-dimensional separation of complex samples were achieved flexibly. The result indicated that the system was a potent tool for the construction of two-dimensional chromatographic system and separation research.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 216-218, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642739

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the correlation of urinary iodine and thyroid function in elderly men in Harbin,and to provide the basis for formulation of health measures for the elderly.MethodsSeventy five cases of clinically healthy elderly men were enrolled for check-up of urinary iodine,thyroid function and B-ultrasound in Geriatric Ward the Forth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University in 2010.The subjects of investigation were divided into iodine appropriate and iodine sufficient groups and thyroid function parameters and B-ultrasound results were compared.ResultsThe average age of the 75 cases of healthy elderly men was (79.07 ± 4.78) years old and the median of urinary iodine was 198.4 μg/L.There were 62.67% (47/75) elderly males whose iodine nutritional status was appropriate,but there were still some individuals(6.67%,5/75) in the iodine excess state.The level of TSH of the iodine appropriate group [(1.91 ± 0.82)mU/L] was lower than that iodine sufficient group [(4.98 ±0.60)mU/L,t =12.58,P < 0.05],while the level of FT3 of the iodine appropriate group[(4.71 ± 0.56)pmol/L]was higher than that iodine sufficient group[(3.31 ± 0.43)pmol/L,t =12.18,P < 0.05].But the difference of FT4between the two groups [(14.91 ± 3.12),(14.06 ± 2.79)pmol/L] was not statistically significant (t =1.40,P >0.05].The thyroid volume of iodine sufficient group[(20.9 ± 6.1 )cm3] was higher than that iodine appropriate group [(17.9 ± 5.6)cm3,t =2.11,P < 0.05].ConclusionsSufficient quantities of iodine intake may affect the thyroid of elderly people.Whether the quantity of iodine intake of the elderly population should be decreased or not need to be further studied.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 135-140, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245241

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationships between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of gene msh homebox-1 (MSX-1) (rs3821949, rs12532) and sporadic tooth agenesis by filtering the susceptibility genes in a Jiangsu province population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA samples were extracted from 198 patients with sporadic tooth agenesis and 207 control subjects. Two MSX-1 gene polymorphisms were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay. The association between the genetic polymorphism and risk of sporadic tooth agenesis was estimated by chi(2) and logistic regression. The Phase was used to determine the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and haplotype association.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the population, the allele frequency and genotype rates of the SNP rs3821949 were significant different between the patients with sporadic tooth agenesis and normal controls: the A allele frequency in the patients (43.2%) was significantly higher than that in the normal controls (31.4%, P = 0.008), and the AA genotype rate of the patients (14.7%) was significantly higher than that of the controls (12.6%, P = 0.030). However, There were no significant differences in the allele frequency and genotype rates of the SNP rs12532 between the patients with sporadic tooth agenesis and normal controls. Similar results were obtained between the mandibular incisor agenesis cases and controls. The haplotype frequencies of GA (27.9%) were significantly lower in non-mandibular incisor agenesis cases group than that in the control group (37.0%, P = 0.03, OR = 0.51).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results show that SNP rs3821949, which is located at 5';near region of the MSX-1 gene, is likely to have an influence on the transcriptional activity of this gene and be associated with sporadic tooth agenesis. The haplotypes constructed with these 2 SNP sites may be linked with the susceptibility gene of non-mandibular incisor agenesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Anodontia , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Child , China , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Haplotypes , Humans , Incisor , Congenital Abnormalities , MSX1 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Male , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Young Adult
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 314-317, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292380

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the expression of estrogen receptor-beta (ERbeta) in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) complicated by chronic prostatitis, and to evaluate the correlation of chronic prostatitis with ERbeta expression.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Histological sections of prostate tissues were obtained from 60 BPH patients complicated by chronic prostatitis and divided into Group 1 (Grade 1), 2 (Grade 2) and 3 (Grade 3) according to the scores on the inflammation of the prostate tissues using the four-point scale designed by Irani et al. The expression of ERbeta was determined by the immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 24 cases (40%) in Group 1, 21 (35%) in Group 2 and 15 (25%) in Group 3, with no statistically significant differences in age and prostate volume among the three groups (P > 0.05). The expression of ERbeta was significantly decreased in Groups 2 and 3 as compared with Group 1 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of ERbeta is reduced with increased scores on the inflammation of the prostate tissues in BPH patients, and the decreased ERbeta expression may be associated with the inflammatory stimulation of prostatitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Chronic Disease , Estrogen Receptor beta , Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Metabolism , Pathology , Prostatitis , Metabolism , Pathology
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 439-443, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of mitogen activated protein kinase kinase 1 (MAPKK, MEK1) and regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) on cardiac hypertrophy induced by rat parathyroid hormone1-34 (rPTH1-34).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes was treated with or without 10(-7) mol/L rPTH1-34 in the absence or presence 2 x 10(-5) mol/L PD98059, a MEK1 inhibitor. Cellular diameter was measured by Motic Images Advanced 3.0 software and the synthetic rate of protein in cardiac myocytes was detected by 3H-leucine incorporation, mRNA expression of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was measured by RT-PCR and protein expression of ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 was measured by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>rPTH1-34 (10(-7) mol/L) significantly increase cellular diameter (+13.6 microm), 3H-leucine incorporation (+898 cpm/well), ANP mRNA expression (+73.9%), and p-ERK1/2 protein expression (+15%) compared to control cells (all P < 0.05) and these effects could be significantly attenuated by PD98059: cellular diameter (-7.1 microm), 3H-leucin e incorporation (-644 cpm/well), ANP mRNA expression (-52.2%), and protein expression of p-ERK1/2 (-18%) (all P < 0.05 vs. PTH group). PD98059 did not affect control cells without PTH treatment (all P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PD98059 attenuates PTH induced cardiac hypertrophy in vitro via inhibiting the expression of ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , Metabolism , Cardiomegaly , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 2 , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Myocytes, Cardiac , Metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , Rats , Rats, Wistar
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 863-866, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294924

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the MS/MS fragmentation mechanism of Taxol, and based on it to establish HPLC-ESI-MS/MS technique to separate and identify Taxol in the crude extracts of Taxus cuspidata and its callus culture, consequently to provide a fast and credible method for the analysis of Taxol in natural products.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Optimized the HPLC-ESI-MS/MS parameters for the sample analysis, and then discussed the ionization and cleavage mechanism of Taxol in ESI-MS and ESI-MS/MS, finally identified the Taxol in the samples with retention time, molecular weight and MS/MS spectra.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Elucidated the MS/MS fragmentation mechanism of Taxol, and developed HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method to analyze Taxol in the two samples.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The HPLC-ESI-MS/MS method is rapid, highly sensitive and specific, so it is suitable for the separation and identification of Taxol in natural products.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Paclitaxel , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Taxus , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674306

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct an expression plasmid carrying the specific siRNA of survivin gene,and to evaluate its silencing effect on the expression of survivin gene and its inhibition effect on the growth of gastric cancer cells.Methods The specific siRNA of survivin gene was designed and synthesized,and an expression plasmid pAdGFP-siRNA was constructed.Gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901 was cuhured and transferred with pAdGFP-siRNA,then the silencing of survivin gene expression and the growth inhibition of cancer cell mediated by pAdGFP-siRNA were identified.Results The growth of gastric cancer cells was inhibited after transferring the pAdGFP-siRNA,with the inhibition rate of 68.2% compared to the control group.Immunohistochemistry showed that the specific siRNA markedly silenced the expression of survivin gene in cancer cells.Conclusions The overexpression of survivin gene in gastric cancer cells results in the high proliferation and the resistance to the chemo- and radio-therapy of the cancer cells.The specific siRNA can markedly silence the expression of survivin gene and inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL