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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328251

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of total flavonoids of Herba Epimedium (FHE) on BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway in promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Passage 3 BMSCs were randomly divided into the control group, the experimental group, and the inhibitor group. BMSCs in the control group were cultured in 0.2% dimethyl sulfoxide + Osteogenuxic Supplement (OS) fluid + DMEM/F12 culture media. BMSCs in the experimental group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE. BMSCs in the inhibitor group were intervened by 20 microg/mL FHE and 1 microg/mL NOGGIN recombinant protein. At day 9 alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured. Calcium nodules were stained by alizarin red staining and the density was observed. The transcription expression of osteogenic differentiation-related proteins (type I collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin) and related factors of BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway was assayed by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, ALP activities were enhanced and the density of calcium nodules significantly increased; type I collagen, osteocalcin, and osteopontin expression levels were increased in the experimental group. The expression of osteogenesis-related transcription factor was also increased in the experimental group. Noggin recombinant protein inhibited FHE promoting BMSCs osteogenesis in the inhibitor group. Compared with the experimental group, ALP activity decreased (P < 0.05), the density of calcium nodules was lowered, expression levels of type I collagen, osteocalcin, osteopontin significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in the inhibitor group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>20 microg/mL FHE promoted osteogenic differentiation process of BMSCs by BMP-2/RunX2/OSX signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Epimedium , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Osteocalcin , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Sp7 Transcription Factor , Transcription Factors , Metabolism
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