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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250432

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the popular domestic varieties and quality standard of Scrophulariaceae plants used in Tibetan medicine were analyzed. The results showed that there were 11 genera and 99 species (including varieties), as well as 28 medicinal materials varieties of Scrophulariaceae plants were recorded in the relevant literatures. In relevant Tibetan standards arid literatures, there are great differences in varieties, sources, parts, and efficacies of medicinal plant. Among them, about 41.4% (including 41 species) of endemic plants, about 15.2% (including 15 species) of the original plants have medicinal standard legal records, except the medicinal materials of Scrophalaria ningpoensis, Lagotis brevituba, Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, Veronica eriogyne general, most varieties have not completed quality standard. Consequently it is necessary to reinforce the herbal textual, resources and the use present situation investigation, the effects of the species resources material foundation and biological activity, quality standard, specification the medical terms of the plants, and promote Tibetan medicinal vareties-terminologies-sources such as the criterion and quality standard system for enriching the varieties of Tibetan medicinal materials and Chinese medicinal resources.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Scrophulariaceae , Chemistry , Classification
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246084

ABSTRACT

In this paper, an analysis was made on the varieties and standards of labiatae medicinal plants used in Tibetan medicine. The results showed 71 species of labiatae plants in 21 genera (including varieties) recorded in relevant literatures, involving 44 varieties of medicinal materials. Specifically, seven species (9.9%) were intersected with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), 19 varieties (43%) were recorded in Chinese medicinal material standards at all levels, and 27 species (38%) were source plants. In Tibetan medicine standards and literatures, there are great differences between Tibetan names and translated Chinese names and among varieties of source plants. Apart from a few of varieties intersected with traditional Chinese medicines had complete standards and regulations in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, most of species only had characters, microscopic, physical and chemical identifications in Standards Issued by Ministry of Health-Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Standard and local standards. Therefore, the Tibetan medicinal material variety-source specification and quality standard system shall be promoted on the basis of literatures research, investigations for resources and current applications and modern pharmaceutical studies.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Phytotherapy , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification
3.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E280-E284, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804480

ABSTRACT

开展漏斗胸微创矫形手术的生物力学研究以及阐述矫形机制对于提高矫形手术水平、开展个性化手术治疗、发展新的矫形手术方法和扩展微创矫形手术的应用范围具有重要意义。漏斗胸微创矫形手术已经成功用于儿童的漏斗胸矫形,但是成人漏斗胸矫形手术的应用还未普及。面对漏斗胸矫形可能会加重脊柱侧弯的风险,医生被迫放弃手术,致使部分漏斗胸合并脊柱侧弯的患者终生不能得到治疗。总结漏斗胸微创矫形手术的生物力学研究进展,包括胸廓模型的三维重建、矫形模型的应用、矫形过程的数值模拟以及数值模拟结果在临床的应用。结合成人漏斗胸矫形数值模拟的特点提出解决方法,并针对漏斗胸的生物力学研究现状提出需要解决的问题,如计算模型需要考虑主要肌肉、椎间盘、前后纵韧带、椎体横凸棘间韧带和棘上韧带,验证数值计算结果的实验研究方法等。

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236022

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the domestic varieties and quality standard of Leguminosae medicinal plants used in Tibetan medicine were analyzed. The results showed that there were 36 genera and 142 species (including varieties), as well as 64 medicinal materials varieties of Leguminosae plants were recorded in relevant literatures. In relevant Tibetan standards and literatures, there are great differences in varieties, sources, used parts, and efficacy of medicinal plants. Among them, about 38.0% (including 54 species) of the endemic plants, about 25.4% (including 36 species) of the original plants have medicinal standard legal records, except 9 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine general quality standard more fairly completed, the most varieties have only description about characters, identification, etc. Therefore it is necessary to reinforce study for the herbal textual, resources and the use present situation, chemical components and biological activity, quality standard, medicinal terms specification, to promote establishment of quality standard system for variety-terminologies-sources of Tibetan medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Fabaceae , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards
5.
Microbiology ; (12)1992.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684855

ABSTRACT

The contamination of groundwater by methyl tert-butyl ether(MTBE) has become widespread.As a result,the bioremediation of MTBE is becoming an active area of research.In this paper,the progress of the studies on the degradation of MTBE by microbes was reviewed,focusing on the aerobic strains that could degrade MTBE.The possible metabolic pathways of MTBE were discussed as two main pathways separated by tert-butyl alcohol(TBA).The effect of environment factors,coexisting pollutants,and inter metabolite on the MTBE degradation were also discussed.

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