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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940625

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveWe aimed to investigate the efficacy and mechanism of Yishen Shengjing Prescription (YSP) in the treatment of oligoasthenospermia in rats. MethodThe oligoasthenospermia rat model was established by injection with cyclophosphamide (35 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 5 consecutive days. Rats were randomly assigned into control group (without treating with cyclophosphamide), model group, low- (YSP-L), medium- (YSP-M), and high- (YSP-H) dose (2.91, 5.83, and 11.66 g·kg-1, respectively) groups, Wuzi Yanzongwan (WYW, 1.03 g·kg-1) group, and L-carnitine (0.17 g·kg-1) group, with 8 rats in each group. After 28 days of drug intervention, the body weight, testicular weight, and testicular index of rats were recorded. The sperm quality in epididymis was detected by computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) system. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was employed for observation of testicular tissue morphology. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in testicular tissue were detected by colorimetry. The levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and testosterone (T) in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) was employed to detect the apoptosis of testicular cells. The protein levels of B cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 in testicular tissue were detected by Western blot. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed decreased body weight, testicular weight and index, sperm concentration and motility (P<0.01) and increased testicular pathological score (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine groups showed increased body weight, testicular weight, testicular index, sperm concentration and motility and decreased testicular pathological score. After modeling, the SOD level decreased (P<0.01) while the MDA content increased (P<0.01) in the testicular tissue. YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed the SOD and MDA level changes caused by modeling. Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited declined T level (P<0.01) and increased FSH and LH levels (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, YSP, WYW, and L-carnitine increased the T level (P<0.01) and decreased the LH level (P<0.05, P<0.01). The apoptosis rate of spermatogenic cells in the model group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01), whereas YSP-M, WYW, and L-carnitine reversed such changes (P<0.01). The model group rats showed decreased expression of Bcl-2(P<0.05) and increased expression of Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared the model group, YSP-M, YSP-H, WYW, and L-carnitine up-regulated the Bcl-2 expression and down-regulated the cleaved Caspase-3 expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionYSP improved the sperm quality of oligoasthenospermia model rats by regulating the antioxidant system and sex hormone levels and inhibiting the apoptosis of spermatogenic cells.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the analgesic effects of Wenjing Zhitong prescription (WZP) and explore its possible analgesic mechanisms so as to provide experimental basis for research and development of new Chinese medicine. Method:Analgesic effects of WZP were evaluated by observing the writhing latency and number in the writhing models which were induced by oxytocin in rats as well as those induced by acetic acid and prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> (PGE<sub>1</sub>), respectively in mice. Effect of WZP on uterine contraction frequency, amplitude and activity were evaluated by observing the oxytocin-induced contraction of uterine smooth muscle in rats and rabbits <italic>in vivo</italic>. In the oxytocin-induced rat writhing models, the content of prostaglandin F<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α </sub></italic>(PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>) and prostaglandin E<sub>2 </sub>(PGE<sub>2</sub>) in rat uterine tissues and the content of beta-endorphins (<italic>β</italic>-EP) in rat serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and oxytocin receptor (OTR) in rat uterine were tested by Real-time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) method to investigate the possible molecular mechanism of WZP for its analgesic effect. Result:Results of analgesic effect showed that in oxytocin-induced rat writhing experiment, the number of writhing responses in both the WZP (1.5,3.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was lower than than in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In acetic acid-induced mice writhing experiment, the latency of writhing response in WZP (6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group was significantly prolonged as compared with that in model group <italic>(P</italic><0.01), and the number of writhing response was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). In PGE<sub>1</sub>-induced mice writhing model, the writhing number in WZP (1.5,3.0,6.0 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) groups was significantly lower than that in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Results of effect on uterine smooth muscle demonstrated that WZP (0.38,0.75,1.50 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the frequency of uterine smooth muscle contraction in rabbits (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) could significantly reduce the contractile amplitude and activity of smooth muscle in the uterus of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Results of molecular mechanisms of analgesic effects showed that the WZP (0.75,1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) significantly reduced the content of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> and the ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic> to PGE<sub>2</sub> in the uterine tissue of rats (<italic>P</italic><0.01). In the WZP (3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, the levels of <italic>β</italic>-EP in the serum of rats were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels of OTR in uterus of rats in the WZP (1.50,3.00 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Pharmacological studies demonstrated potent analgesic effect of WZP, and such analgesic effect were mediated by significantly inhibiting contraction of uterine smooth muscle, decreasing the contents of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub> </italic>and ratio of PGF<sub>2</sub><italic><sub>α</sub></italic>/PGE<sub>2</sub>, reducing OTR expression in uterine as well as increasing the amount of <italic>β</italic>-EP in serum.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2110-2112, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667638

ABSTRACT

Pannexin is a new member of gap junction families which was discovered in 2000 and was widely distributed in humans. Pannexin forms hemichannels and participates in transmission of small molecules and many other pathophysiological processes. Recent studies have found that the abnormal expression of pannexin is related to occurrence and development of tumors. This article reviews the relationship between pannexin and tumors,and aims to provide new i-deas for treatment of tumors.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319691

ABSTRACT

Field experiments were conducted in Shangluo pharmaceutical base in Shaanxi province to study the effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in different fertilization levels on Platycodon grandiflorum soil microorganism and activities of soil enzyme, using three-factor D-saturation optimal design with random block design. The results showed that N0P2K2, N2P2K0, N3P1K3 and N3P3K1 increased the amount of bacteria in 0-20 cm of soil compared with N0P0K0 by 144.34%, 39.25%, 37.17%, 53.58%, respectively. The amount of bacteria in 2040 cm of soil of N3P1K3 increased by 163.77%, N0P0K3 increased the amount of soil actinomycetes significantly by 192.11%, while other treatments had no significant effect. N2P0K2 and N3P1K3 increased the amounts of fungus significantly in 0-20 cm of soil compared with N0P0K0, increased by 35.27% and 92.21%, respectively. N3P0K0 increased the amounts of fungus significantly in 20-40 cm of soil by 165.35%, while other treatments had no significant effect. All treatments decrease soil catalase activity significantly in 0-20 cm of soil except for N2P0K2, and while N2P2K0 and NPK increased catalase activity significantly in 2040 cm of soil. Fertilization regime increased invertase activity significantly in 2040 cm of soil, and decreased phosphatase activity inordinately in 0-20 cm of soil, while increased phosphatase activity in 2040 cm of soil other than N1P3K3. N3P0K0, N0P0K3, N2P0K2, N2P2K0 and NPK increased soil urease activity significantly in 0-20 cm of soil compared with N0P0K0 by 18.22%, 14.87%,17.84%, 27.88%, 24.54%, respectively. Fertilization regime increased soil urease activity significantly in 2040 cm of soil other than N0P2K2.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Metabolism , Bacterial Proteins , Metabolism , Catalase , Metabolism , Fertilizers , Fungal Proteins , Metabolism , Fungi , Metabolism , Nitrogen , Metabolism , Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases , Metabolism , Phosphorus , Metabolism , Potassium , Metabolism , Soil , Chemistry , Soil Microbiology , Urease , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635607

ABSTRACT

Background Functional magnetic resonance imaging technique based on a manganese (Mn2+) tracer makes labeling the optic nerve in vivo possible.However studies on the optimal concentration and dynamic change after injection of Mn2+ are rare.Objective This study was designed to explore the time- and dose-dependent response for Mn2+-enhanced MRI of visual pathway after intravitreal injection of MnCl2.Methods Different concentrations of MnCl2(0.5,1,2,5,10,15,20,40mmol/L) with a volume of 25μl were intravitreally injected into the left eyes of 48 pigmented rabbits and were randomly divided into eight groups according to the drug concentrations.No reagent reg was injected into the right eyes as controls.MRI was performed at 4,6,8,12,24,48,96 and 168 hours after the administration of MnCl2 to examine the imaging of the optic nerve,chiasma,optic tract,lateral geniculate body and epithalamus.The signal-noise ratio of MRI in visual pathway was calculated and the optimal concentration and best imaging time after injection of MnCl2 were assessed.The use of the animals followed the Regulations for the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animals by State Science and Technology Commission.Results The imaging of the optical nerve in the left eyes was enhanced in comparison with the right eyes 24 hours after injection of 0.5-1 mmol/L MnCl2 with a significant difference in SNR value between these two groups (t=1.17,t=0.95,P>0.05).24 hours after the injection of 2 mmol/L MnCl2 into the left eyes,the SNR value of the optic nerve on the left side was higher than the right side t=8.43,P0.05).The strongest imaging signal in optical nerve was seen in 24 hours after the intravitreal injection of 10-40 mmol/L MnCl2 and decayed gradually from 24 to 168 hours with a transportation speed of (3.32±0.19) mm/h in rabbit visual pathway.SNR value of optic nerve showed a positive correlation with the concentrations of MnCl2 with the regression equation Y=77.786+2.467X(F=20.102,P=0.004,R2=0.770).Conclusion Manganese-enhanced MRI is a viable method for temporospatial visualization of optic never in the pigmented rabbits.The image intensity of MRI is associated with the dose of Mn2+.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319868

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) gene in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its clinicopathological significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four high polymorphic microsatellite markers flanking Mfn2 were selected for LOH analysis in 29 cases of HCC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The frequencies of LOH on D1S2667, D1S2740, D1S434 and D1S228 were 21%, 23%, 21% and 22%, respectively. LOH at Mfn2 was closely correlated with tumor size, age, capsule, differentiation and t HBV infection (P<0.05), not with gender, thrombosis, cirrhosis and serum AFP levels (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LOH at Mfn2 gene in HCC is associated with the clinicopathological features of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Genetics , Female , GTP Phosphohydrolases , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Loss of Heterozygosity , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Middle Aged , Mitochondrial Proteins , Genetics
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295427

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study difference among populations which belong to Astragalus membranaceus and A. membranaceus var. mongholicus on morphology, habit, characteristics of physiology and resistance to powdery mildew, and classify them in order to provide theoretical basis for breeding and improving varieties.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Morphology, habits, isozyme and soluble protein electrophoretograms were compared among the populations. They were categorized by cluster analysis based on those electrophoretograms. Different ability of resistance to powdery mildew was also studied through comparing disease indices among six populations.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The results showed A. membranaceus var. mongholicus was distinctly different from A. membranaceus. There was a special type in colonies of A. membranaceus, which showed hairy upper epidermis of leaflets and later florescence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Astragalus for medicine could be categorized in three types A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, A. membranaceus early florescence type and A. membranaceus late florescence type. Among them A. membranaceus var. mongholicus is most resistant to powdery mildew, while A. membranaceus is easily infected, and the early florescence type is even more easily infected.</p>


Subject(s)
Ascomycota , Virulence , Astragalus Plant , Classification , Metabolism , Microbiology , Astragalus propinquus , Metabolism , Microbiology , Peroxidase , Metabolism , Phylogeny , Plant Diseases , Microbiology , Plant Proteins , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Metabolism , Microbiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252223

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of fertilizers with the different proportional of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium on growth and active ingredient of Astragalus membranaceus.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Field experiment was conducted based on the D-saturation optimal design with three factors of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The effects on growth and active ingredient of A. membranaceus were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Fertilization promoted the seedling growth and provided abundant supply of nutrition for growth of root, yield and accumulation of active ingredient at the later growth stage, and increased the accumulation of dry matter of stem-leaf and root system. The effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium application on the total dry matter accumulation of A. membranaceus was as following: nitrogen > potassium > phosphorus; the effect on the stem-leaf dry matter accumulation was as following: nitrogen > phosphorus > potassium; the effect on the root dry matter accumulation was as following: nitrogen > potassium > phosphorus. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer increased the root yield of A. membranaceus. Obviously, the effect on the root yield was as following: nitrogen > potassium > phosphorus. The application of different proportional with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium increased the content of polysaccharide and astragaloside, but had no distinct effect on the content of total flavonoids. The effect on the content of polysaccharide was as following: potassium > phosphorus > nitrogen, but the effect on the conten,t of astragaloside was as following: nitrogen > potassium > phosphorus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Nitrogen and potassium fertilizer application had more important effect on growth, yield and the contents of polysaccharide and astragaloside in A. membranaceus. During medicinal plants cultivation process, it should pay attention to the application of nitrogen fertilizer and potassium fertilizer and make balance application of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer.</p>


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , Metabolism , Fertilizers , Nitrogen , Pharmacology , Phosphorus , Pharmacology , Potassium , Pharmacology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283386

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study Astragalus membranaceus absorption characteristic of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium at different growth stages.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Through the field experiment and the sampling analysis, the absorbing capacity of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium as well as the growth of plant at different growth stages in A. membranaceus were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The dry matter accumulation reached 88.22% of the total accumulation in 100-163 days after seedling emergence, The content of N, P, K in the stem was higher than that in the root system. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium absorbing capacity in the stem, the leaf and the root systems was N > K > P. In the whole growth period, nitrogen accumulation reached the highest, and followed with the accumulation of potassium, and the accumulation of phosphorus was the lowest. In the last phase of the exuberant growth period, the accumulation intensity of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium reduced. During the harvesting time, the accumulation intensity of nitrogen and potassium increased, and the accumulation intensity of phosphorus remained stable.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The dry matter accumulation reached the maximum in 100-163 days after seedling emergence. The absorption strength of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in aerial part reached the maximum in 100-132 days after seeding emergence, the maximum absorption comes earlier than that of phosphorus and potassium, at that time the needs of nutrients reach the highest. For producing of 100 kg A. membranaceus 2.32 kg N, 0.323 kg P2O5, 1.62 kg K2O are needed to be absorbed from soil and fertilizer.</p>


Subject(s)
Absorption , Astragalus propinquus , Metabolism , Ecosystem , Fertilizers , Nitrogen , Metabolism , Phosphorus , Metabolism , Plant Leaves , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Metabolism , Plant Stems , Metabolism , Plants, Medicinal , Metabolism , Potassium , Metabolism , Soil , Time Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276653

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the relationship between plant growth and accumulation of active ingredients in Salvia miltiorrhiza.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Transplants of S. miltiorrhiza were sampled at 20 day intervals. At each stage, the growth of seedling and root system was recorded and the contents of tanshinone II (A) and salvia acid were measured.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>This study showed that the rapid growth stage of the root system lags behind that of the seedling system, but the growing period of root system lasts longer. The quantitative change of roots reveals a double "S" curve; two rapid growth stages emerge during 30 - 70 days and 140 - 200 days after the seedlings were transplanted. The content of salvia acid reaches the highest level during 140 - 180 days, whereas the content of tanshinone peaks during 100 - 120 days.</p>


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Methods , Abietanes , Phenanthrenes , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Seedlings , Chemistry
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