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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 289-295, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872625


Ten triterpenoid saponins were isolated and purified from the water extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra by polyamide resin combined with macroporous resin column chromatography, ODS medium pressure column chromatography and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties, NMR and MS spectra, and determined as 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-ene (1), 3β-O-[β-D-glucuronpyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-glucuronpyranosyl]-30β-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-oleanane-11-oxo-12(13)-en-22β,30-diol (2), uralsaponin C (3), licorice-saponin A3 (4), licorice-saponin P2 (5), 22β-acetoxyl-glycyrrhizin (6), macedonoside A (7), 29-hydroxyl-glycyrrhizin (8), licorice-saponin G2 (9), glycyrrhizin (10). Compounds 1 and 2 are two new compounds and named as licorice-saponin R3 and licorice-saponin S3.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773228


Thirty-two batches of cultivated and wild Glycyrrhiza uralensis were obtained from three geographical regions. Comparative study of water characteristic components of G. uralensis from three geographical origins was conducted by PCA,OPLS-DA chemical pattern recognition combined with LC-TOF/MS and muti-component analysis. The similarity of fingerprints of 32 batches of medicinal materials ranged from 0. 903 to 0. 999. Patterns recognition could be used to distinguish cultivated G. uralensis in Gansu and Xinjiang areas from cultivated and wild plants in Inner Mongolia. Then a total of thirty-one common constituents were identified by LC-TOF/MS analysis coupled with standard compounds information. The contents of four flavonoid glycosides and five saponins were determinated by HPLC and compared using One-way ANOVA. The results showed that there was no significant difference in the contents of 5 triterpenoid saponins among the three regions,but the contents of 4 flavonoid saponins showed the trend of Inner Mongolia >Gansu≈Xinjiang( P<0. 05). In the same Inner Mongolia region,the contents of 4 flavonoid glycosides and 5 triterpenoid saponins in wild plant was significantly higher than that in cultivated plants( P<0. 01). In addition,the contents of liquiritin,isoliquiritin,licorice-saponin A_3,22β-acetoxyl-glycyrrhizic acid and uralsaponin B in Gansu and Xinjiang were obviously lower than those in Inner Mongolia,but the contents of glycyrrhizic acid,the main component of G. uralensis,were not different in the three geographical regions. In Inner Mongolia,the contents of liquiritin,isoliquiritin,licorice-saponin A_3,licorice-saponin G_2 and glycyrrhizic acid in wild plants were significantly higher than those in cultivated plants. In conclusion,qualitative/quantitative analysis of multi-index components combined with pattern recognition could effectively evaluate the quality of cultivated and wild licorice in different regions. It was helpful for us to understand the reality of licorice in different regions,and provided scientific basis for the development and comprehensive utilization of licorice resources.

China , Geography , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Chemistry , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Plant Extracts , Saponins , Water
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244238


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the pathogen of child patients with influenza in Tianjin area.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The influenza virus isolation was performed by MDCK cells and embryonated eggs. The identification of the isolates was carried out with hemagglutination (HA) and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two hundred and thirty-eight throat swab specimens from children with influenza-like illness were collected in Tianjin area from Oct. 2001 to Mar. 2002 and 64 strains (26.9%) of influenza virus were isolated. Data showed that there were 42 strains (65.6%) of A (H3N2) subtype, 13 strains (20.3%) of A (H1N1) subtype and 9 strains (14.1%) of B type in these positive isolates. All the isolated viruses grew very well in MDCK cells and hemagglutinated with human "O" red blood cells, and most (62/64 strains) of them were able to multiply in embryonated chick eggs. However, there were only 3 isolates with HA positive in inoculating embryonated eggs with the specimens. Meanwhile, it was revealed that out of 55 strains of A type viruses, 53 strains (96.4%) were from O to D phase, 2 strain of A (H3N2) were D phase characters and all B type isolated viruses being D phase properties.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There were three endemic types of influenza viruses-A (H3N2), A (H1N1) and B type in Tianjin area, with A, the main type.</p>

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Female , Genetic Variation , Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests , Hemagglutination Tests , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Influenza A virus , Classification , Influenza B virus , Classification , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Virology , Male