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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1416-1423, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779743


Fragments of the human indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) gene 5'-UTR (untranslated 1 245 bp region) promoters were amplified by PCR and cloned into pGL4.20 vector in the construction of reporter vector pGL4-IDO1-luc. A549 cells were transfected with the constructed plasmid and IDO1 inhibitor screening model was established with dual-luciferase reporter assay. Based on the model, we screened natural small molecules which could down-regulate the expression of IDO1 on tumor cells. The anti-tumor activities were examined by MTT, Western blotting and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) release assays. Toosendanin (NS-180) down regulated the IDO1 expression and inhibited IFN-γ-induced STAT1 and STAT3 phosphorylation in A549 cells. Moreover, NS-180 significantly increased the cytotoxicity of co-cultured NK cells on A549 cells in LDH release assays. In summary, NS-180 is a novel and potent IDO1 inhibitor, which has an antitumor activity for cancer immunotherapies.

Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 688-690, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308464


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous incisional needle biopsy (PINB) in the parapharyngeal region under CT guide for highly suspicious nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) or recurrence of NPC after radiotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PINB under CT guide was performed in 32 highly suspicious NPC or recurrence of NPC after radiotherapy through three puncture routes: posterolateral maxillary sinus fatty area, mandibular fossa area, and anterior-mastoid area. Specimens were fixed by 95% alcohol and then underwent pathologic examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CT guided PINB was successfully performed in every patients with a technical successful rate of 100%. Definitive histopathologic diagnosis was obtained in 30 patients: squamous-cell carcinoma 21, undifferentiated carcinoma 5 and adenocarcinoma 4. The remaining two negative cases were confirmed as fibrosis after radiotherapy. Complications included persistent bleeding of puncture point in one patient and bloody sputum in 3 patients which subsided after symptomatic management. None of these patients was found to have symptoms of nerve injury caused by PINB procedure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CT guided percutaneous incisional needle biopsy in parapharyngeal region through the above three puncture routes for highly suspicious nasopharyngeal carcinoma is safe, rapid and effective.</p>

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy, Needle , Methods , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Pathology , Pharynx , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Radiography, Interventional , Tomography, X-Ray Computed