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1.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 815-818, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922163

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel for postoperative hypospadias in children.@*METHODS@#From January to December 2020, we treated 116 children with distal hypospadias in the Department of Urology, Department of Pediatrics and the Seventh Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital, 58 by primary Snodgrass urethroplasty only (the control group) and the other 58 with Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel smeared on the penis postoperatively in addition (the trial group). We compared the operation time and postoperative pain score, edema regression and incidence of infection between the two groups, followed by statistical analysis using T test and Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed by the same surgeon under general anesthesia. There were no statistically significant differences between the trial and control groups in age ([2.5 ± 0.8] vs [2.4 ± 0.6] yr, P > 0.05) or operation time ([95.6 ± 14.5] vs [97.1 ± 15.2] min, P > 0.05). No incision infection occurred in any of the cases. The pain scores at dressing removal were remarkably lower in the trial than in the control group at 2 hours (1.4 ± 1.0 vs 2.6 ± 1.3, P < 0.05), 24 hours (2.2 ± 1.3 vs 3.9 ± 1.6, P < 0.05), 48 hours (1.2 ± 0.7 vs 1.6 ± 0.9, P < 0.05) and 72 hours after surgery (2.5 ± 0.8 vs 3.7 ± 1.8, P < 0.05). Significantly more cases of edema regression were achieved in the trial than in the control group at 2 weeks postoperatively (35 vs 19, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compound Chamomile and Lidocaine Hydrochloride Gel can effectively relieve pain, reduce edema and accelerate edema regression after surgery in children with hypospadias, and therefore deserves wide clinical application.、.


Subject(s)
Chamomile , Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypospadias/surgery , Lidocaine/therapeutic use , Male , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Postoperative Period
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the role of collagen I-discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1)-protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway in the proliferation of myocardial fibroblasts (MFBs) of hypertensive rats. Methods:A hypertensive rat model via abdominal aorta constriction (AAC) was used in this study. We compared body weight, tail artery systolic blood pressure (SBP) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) among blank, sham, AAC and spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) groups. Expression and phosphorylation levels of DDR1 and Akt were detected using immunoprecipitation in combination with Western blot. We analyzed the correlation between DDR1 phosphorylation level and SBP (or LVMI). Cell proliferation, expression and phosphorylation levels of DDR1 and Akt in primary MFBs of SHR rats were detected using BrdU labeling assay and Western blot, respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in body weight among the four groups (P>0.05). In AAC and SHR groups, SBP, LVMI and phosphorylation levels of DDR1 and Akt were significantly increased. Both SBP and LVMI were positively correlated with phosphorylation level of DDR1. In vitro, collagen I accelerated cell proliferation and promoted DDR1 and Akt phosphorylation in MFBs. Conclusion: This research suggests that an activated collagen -DDR1-Akt pathway exists during the myocardial fibrosis process of rats with hypertension. DDR1 inhibitors may have the potential to relieve myocardial fibrosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of seeking behavior and medical expense of outpatients in the New Rural Cooperative Scheme,and provide suggestions and theoretical basis for the implementation and pro-motion of hierarchical medical policy systems.Methods:In this study,13 counties in the eastern part of China were selected.By using data about diabetes mellitus distribution and medical expense of outpatient service reimbursement database in Beijing New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme from 2009 to 2013,the diabetes mellitus were divided in-to two groups:with complications and without complications; the number of visits and proportion of the first-class, secondary-and tertiary-level medical institutions and the average annual growth rate of the five-year were calculated and the total expense,the average cost,the individual burden and the annual growth rate of the two types of diabetes mellitus were statistically analyzed.Results:The visits in the tertiary medical institutions of diabetes mellitus without complications decreased from 1895 to 661 and the proportion decreased from 3.05% to 0.6% from 2009 to 2013, while the visits in the tertiary medical institutions of diabetes mellitus with complications increased year by year and the proportion increased from 3.27%~4.24% since 2010.Outpatient medical expenses varied widely between pa-tients with and without complications and the higher the level,the greater the difference between the two.At the first-class,secondary-and tertiary-level institutions,the average expenses per time of diabetes mellitus with complications were 2.50,3.34 and 3.75 times higher than the diabetes mellitus without complications and the average out-of-pock-et expenses per time were 2.62,3.66 and 3.96 times higher than the latter respectively.Conclusions:From 2009 to 2013,the utilization of primary outpatient service in the region achieved some success while there were still some problems including unreasonable outpatient distribution, and more diabetic patients with complications went to the tertiary-level institutions than those without complications.Compared with outpatients without complications,patients with complications face up to a larger direct-economic burden of disease.The construction and the ability to prevent and control diabetes mellitus of basic medical institutions should be further strengthened,and the distribution of pa-tient needs to be reasonably led to enhance the service quality and ability of preventing,treating and controlling dia-betes and complications,and to guide patients with diabetes to seek medical treatment in primary healthcare institu-tions.

4.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1005-1009, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659794

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the clinical feathers and prognosis of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) reported in inland China. Methods: We searched Chinese data bases and collected medical records of PPM from 1981 to 2015 for patients' clinical, imaging, pathological, diagnostic and therapeutic information to explore the possible impact factors for prognosis. Results: A total of 186 patients were enrolled including 122 (65.6%) male, the mean age was (40.9±14.5) years at the range of (2-79) years. There were 108/166 (65.1%) patients suffered from dyspnea which was the most common symptom, 17 (10.2%) were complicated with cardiac tamponade and 48 (28.9%) complicated with constrictive pericarditis. 65 patients were misdiagnosed and 40 (61.5%) of them were diagnosed for tubercular pericarditis. 94 patients died and 30 (31.9%) of them died during hospitalization. 86 patients were discharged and received the follow-up study at the median of 6 months, 64 (74.4%) of them died. Multivariate Cox regression analysis did not find the meaningful clinical, imaging or pathological parameters to predict patients' mortality. Conclusion: PPM is a rare and highly aggressive pericardial malignant tumor, mainly involving middle-age males. Pathological combining immunohistochemical examinations are helpful for PPM diagnosis. Effective therapy has been lacking and comprehensive individualized therapy may improve the patients' prognosis.

5.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 1005-1009, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657565

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the clinical feathers and prognosis of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM) reported in inland China. Methods: We searched Chinese data bases and collected medical records of PPM from 1981 to 2015 for patients' clinical, imaging, pathological, diagnostic and therapeutic information to explore the possible impact factors for prognosis. Results: A total of 186 patients were enrolled including 122 (65.6%) male, the mean age was (40.9±14.5) years at the range of (2-79) years. There were 108/166 (65.1%) patients suffered from dyspnea which was the most common symptom, 17 (10.2%) were complicated with cardiac tamponade and 48 (28.9%) complicated with constrictive pericarditis. 65 patients were misdiagnosed and 40 (61.5%) of them were diagnosed for tubercular pericarditis. 94 patients died and 30 (31.9%) of them died during hospitalization. 86 patients were discharged and received the follow-up study at the median of 6 months, 64 (74.4%) of them died. Multivariate Cox regression analysis did not find the meaningful clinical, imaging or pathological parameters to predict patients' mortality. Conclusion: PPM is a rare and highly aggressive pericardial malignant tumor, mainly involving middle-age males. Pathological combining immunohistochemical examinations are helpful for PPM diagnosis. Effective therapy has been lacking and comprehensive individualized therapy may improve the patients' prognosis.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2395-2401, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248973

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The cesarean section rate (CSR) has been a main concern worldwide. The present study aimed to investigate the CSR in Beijing, China, and to analyze the related factors of CS delivery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An observational study was conducted in 15 medical centers in Beijing using a systemic cluster sampling method. In total, 15,194 pregnancies were enrolled in the study between June 20, 2013 and November 30, 2013. Independent t-tests and Pearson's Chi-square test were used to examine differences between two groups, and related factors of the CSR were examined by multivariable logistic regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The CSR was 41.9% (4471/10,671) in singleton primiparae. Women who were more than 35 years old had a 7.4-fold increased risk of CS delivery compared with women <25 years old (odd ratio [OR] = 7.388, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.561-9.816, P < 0.001). Prepregnancy obese women had a 2-fold increased risk of CS delivery compared with prepregnancy normal weight women (OR = 2.058, 95% CI = 1.640-2.584, P < 0.001). The excessive weight gain group had a 1.4-fold increased risk of CS delivery compared with the adequate weight gain group (OR = 1.422, 95% CI = 1.289-1.568, P < 0.001). Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) women and DM women had an increased risk of CS delivery (1.2- and 1.7-fold, respectively) compared with normal blood glucose women. Women who were born in rural areas had a lower risk of CS delivery than did those who were born in urban areas (OR = 0.696, 95% CI = 0.625-0.775, P < 0.001). The risk of CS delivery gradually increased with a decreasing education level. Neonates weighing 3000-3499 g had the lowest CSR (36.2%). Neonates weighing <2500 g had a 2-fold increased risk of CS delivery compared with neonates weighing 3000-3499 g (OR = 2.020, 95% CI = 1.537-2.656, P < 0.001). Neonates weighing ≥4500 g had an 8.3-fold increased risk of CS delivery compared with neonates weighing 3000-3499 g (OR = 8.313, 95% CI = 4.436-15.579, P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Maternal age, prepregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, blood glucose levels, residence, education level, and singleton fetal birth weight are all factors that might significantly affect the CSR.</p>

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1012-1018, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266868

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Hyperglycemia is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the relationships between them remain ambiguous. This study aimed to analyze the effect of different oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results on adverse perinatal outcomes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This retrospective cohort study included data from 15 hospitals in Beijing from June 20, 2013 to November 30, 2013. Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) were categorized according to the number and distribution of abnormal OGTT values, and the characteristics of adverse pregnancy outcomes were evaluated. Chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used to determine the associations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In total, 14,741 pregnant women were included in the study population, 2927 (19.86%) of whom had GDM. As the number of hyperglycemic values in the OGTT increased, the risk of cesarean delivery, preterm births, large-for-gestational age (LGA), macrosomia, and neonatal complications significantly increased. Fasting hyperglycemia had clear associations with macrosomia (odds ratios [OR s]:1.84, 95% confidence intervals [CI s]: 1.39-2.42,P < 0.001), LGA (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.29-2.25,P < 0.001), and cesarean delivery (OR: 1.33, 95% CI: 1.15-1.55,P < 0.001). The associations were stronger as fasting glucose increased. GDM diagnosed by hyperglycemia at OGTT-2 h was more likely to lead to preterm birth (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.11-2.03,P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Various characteristics of OGTTs are associated with different adverse outcomes. A careful reconsideration of GDM with hierarchical and individualized management according to OGTT characteristics is needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Physiology , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Body Mass Index , Cesarean Section , Chi-Square Distribution , Diabetes, Gestational , Blood , Female , Fetal Macrosomia , Blood , Glucose Tolerance Test , Methods , Humans , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Outcome , Premature Birth , Blood , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1019-1025, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266867

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term adverse health consequences for both the mother and her offspring. The aim was to study the prevalence and risk factors for GDM in Beijing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study population consisted of 15,194 pregnant women attending prenatal care in 15 hospitals in Beijing, who delivered between June 20, 2013, and November 30, 2013, after 28 weeks of gestation. The participants were selected by cluster sampling from the 15 hospitals identified through random systematic sampling based on the number of deliveries in 2012. A questionnaire was designed to collect information.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 2987 (19.7%) women were diagnosed with GDM and 208 (1.4%) had diabetes in pregnancy (DIP). Age (OR: 1.053, 95% CI: 1.033-1.074, P < 0.01), family history of diabetes mellitus (OR: 1.481, 95% CI: 1.254-1.748, P < 0.01), prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) (OR: 1.481, 95% CI: 1.254-1.748, P < 0.01), BMI gain before 24 weeks (OR: 1.126, 95% CI: 1.075-1.800, P < 0.01), maternal birth weight (P < 0.01), and fasting plasma glucose at the first prenatal visit (P < 0.01) were identified as risk factors for GDM. In women with birth weight <3000 g, GDM rate was significantly higher.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>One out of every five pregnant women in Beijing either had GDM or DIP and this constitutes a huge health burden for health services. Prepregnancy BMI and weight gain before 24th week are important modifiable risk factors for GDM. Ensuring birth weight above 3000 g may help reduce risk for future GDM among female offsprings.</p>


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Physiology , Body Mass Index , Diabetes, Gestational , Metabolism , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Humans , Pregnancy , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Weight Gain , Physiology
9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 677-681, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792425

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protective effects and mechanism of quercetin against the oxidative damage to renal cell.Methods Using the model of renal cell lines HK-2,hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )induced oxidative damage on renal cells.On the basis of the effects of quercetin on HK-2 cells viability observed by CCK8,the alteration of cell signaling pathway after treating with quercetin was detected by immunoblotting.The glutathione (GSH)in the cell was also detected. Results It was found that H2 O2 can induce the oxidative damage in HK2 cells.Compared to control group,the cell viability decreased to 34. 9%.While pretreated with quercetin (10 μM~40 μM),the viability was between 40% and 70%.Quercetin decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS)to 1 10%-130% in HK2 cells which were induced by H2 O2 to 153%.Additionally,quercetin increased the content of anti-oxidant enzyme such as GPX1,SOD2 and GSH.Moreover, quercetin can promote the degradation of p-AMPK and LC3 and decrease p-mTOR,as well as inhibit the activation of BAX and caspase 3.Conclusion Quercetin has a protective effect on renal cell induced by oxidative damage,and the mechanism may be related to antioxidant effects and promoting autophagy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231193

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore relevant between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and college students' neurobehaviors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>87 college students were enlisted. They were tested with Bole. Neurobehavioral evaluation system (B. NES), and HCMV IgG antibody was detected after separation of serum. We analyzed the test results of B. NES by SPSS software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>76 college students were infected by HCMV in the past and 11 college students were not infected. The infected group scored 8.89 +/- 6.60 in depression aspect of emotion state test, while control group got 15.73 +/- 9.00. There was Significant difference between infection group and control (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in other aspects of emotion states, study and memory, perception and mental movement (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HCMV infection is associated with depression status.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Psychology , Emotions , Female , Humans , Learning , Male , Memory , Students , Psychology , Universities
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 138-142, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy caused by asphyxia in peripartum is a serious disease in newborn infants, with a high disability and mortality rate. Lack of regenerative ability in central nervous system after injury is considered as the fundamental cause. However, in recent years many studies have revealed that there are myelin-associated neurite growth inhibitory factors that exert inhibiting effect through the Nogo receptor (NgR). This study aimed to investigate the expression level of NgR and the possible neuroprotective effect of NEP1-40 in newborn rats with hypoxic ischemic brain damage (HIBD).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Eighty healthy Wistar rats aged 7 days were randomly divided into 4 groups; 8 in control group, 24 in HIBD model group, 24 in GM-1 group and 24 in NEP1-40 group. The rats of the control group and HIBD group were injected with normal saline (0.25 ml/kg) intraperitoneally, while those in NEP1-40 group and GM-1 group with NEP1-40 12.5 microg/d, GM-1 10 mg/(kg.d) for continuous 3 days of 72-hour group or 7 days of 168-hour group, respectively. In situ hybridization was adopted for detecting the expression of NgR in the brain of the rats at the time point of 24 hours, 72 hours and 7 days. Meanwhile histopathological changes of neurons and axon were detected by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The SPSS statistical software package for Windows, version 10.0, was used to run Chi-square tests and least significance difference (LSD-t) on the data presented, and P value of less than 0.05 was regarded as statistically significant.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The expression level of Nogo-A receptor in the control group was higher than that of the other groups at different time point (t value was 5.48, 6.11, 6.96, 8.24, 5.99 and 5.34, respectively, and all P values were less than 0.05). There were no significant differences in Nogo-A receptor level among the HIBD group, the GM-1 group and the NEP1-40 at 24 hours (t was 1.48, 2.76 and 1.29, respectively, and all P > 0.05), while the expression of Nogo-A receptor of NEP1-40 at 72 hours and 7 days was lower than that of the HIBD group and the GM-1 group at the same time point, respectively (all P < 0.05). Repair of neurons in damaged brain to some extent was found after GM-1 treatment and satisfactory repair of neurons and axon regeneration was obtained with NEP1-40 administration as shown by TEM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hypoxic ischemic brain damage can down-regulate the expression of Nogo-A receptor in the central nervous system. NEP1-40 contributes to the regeneration of axon and repair of brain damage, thus exerts neuroprotective effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , GPI-Linked Proteins , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Myelin Proteins , Pharmacology , Nogo Receptor 1 , Peptide Fragments , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Cell Surface , Receptors, Peptide , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685502

ABSTRACT

The growth and development of plant is affected by environmental factors that include light,temperature and water. Many cis-elements that are response to these elicitors interact with transcription factors, and regulate the expression of target genes. It concludes by pointing out recent studies of cis-elements and transcription factors in the plant environmental response promoters, such as light, temperature and water inducible promoter. The molecular mechanisms of gene expression regulated by environmental factors was discussed. This is important to study the mechanisms that plant adapt the environment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640024

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possible effect of Nogo-A receptor antagonist NEP1-40 on neurite outgrowth in neonatal rats with hypoxic-ischemic brain damage(HIBD).Methods Sixty-four healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into 8 groups at 2 different time points(6 h,24 h):control group,HIBD group,NEP1-40 group and ganglioside group(GM-1 group).Rats of control group and HIBD group were injected with saline(0.25 mL/kg)by intraperitoneal injection,while rats of NEP1-40 group and GM-1 group were administrated with 10 mg/(kg?d) NEP1-40 and 20 mg/(kg?d) GM-1 on request in each group,respectively.Immunohistochemical staining was adopted to detect the Nogo-A-positive cells,and ultrastructural changes of neuron and axon were observed by transmission electron microscopy.SPSS 13.0 statistical software was used to run One-Way ANOVA tests on the data presented.Results The Nogo-A-positive cells at 2 time points in rats of HIBD group were significantly higher than those of control group(t=7.63,15.13 Pa0.05),while the Nogo-A-positive cells in GM-1 group at 24 h was lower than that of HIBD group(t=4.25 P

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639372

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of the plasma motilin(MTL)and serum gastrin(GAS)levels and their relationship with course of disease,the severity,the complication of digestive system in neonates with intracranial haemorrhage(ICH).Methods The objects were 26 cases of term newborns with ICH,the healthy control group contained 30 cases of healthy term newborns.Plasma motilin and serum gastrin concentration were measured by radioimmmunoassay in 26 cases of newborns with ICH in the 2 d,3-5 d,7-10 d,and 12-15 d after birth,and compared with the healthy control group.Results Compared with healthy control group,the blood GAS and MTL levels of neonatal ICH group increased dramatically(Pa

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