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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388047


Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety of transvaginal endoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods The clinical data of 88 female patients who underwent cholecystectomy at the Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from May to November, 2009 were retrospectively analysed. Among all the patients, 32 received transvaginal endoscopic cholecystectomy ( NOTES group) and the remaining 56 patients received laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Thirty-two patients who received LC at the same period were selected (LC group)acccording to age, body mass index, type and severity of disease to conduct a matched case-control study. The differences in time span of postoperative pain, anodyne dose, enterokinesia recovery time, operation time, out-ofbed activity time, average hospital stay and hospitalization expenses between the two groups were compared using the paired t test. Results Cholecystectomies were successfully carried out for all the patients. The intraoperative blood loss, operation time, degree of pain, anodyne doses, enterokinesia recovery time, out-of-bed activity time,average hospital stay and hospitalization expenses were (5.7 ± 1.5 ) ml, ( 76 ± 27 ) minutes, 2.2 ± 0.6, ( 10 ±6) mg, (25±5) hours, (9±3) hours, (2.1 ±1.2) days and (1.12±0.34) ×104 yuan in NOTES group, and they were ( 13.9 ± 3.1 ) ml, (38 ± 16) minutes, 6.7 ± 1.5, (28 ± 8) mg, (45 ± 8) hours, (26 ± 6) hours,(4.3 ± 2.1 ) days and ( 1.54 ± 0.18 ) × 104 yuan in the LC group. There were significant differences between the two groups (t = 5.098, - 4.712, 2.417, 3.203, 3.089, 4.136, 4.786, 3.917, P < 0.05 ). Conclusion Transvaginal endoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and feasible, and it is superior to tranditional LC.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387993


Objective To explore the role of integrin αvβ6 in mediating the tolerance of gastric cancer AGS cells to 5-fluorouracil, and to determine whether direct β6-extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase(ERK) binding is involved. Methods Gastric cancer AGS cells in the logarithmic phase were incubated with either 5-fluorouracil for 24 hours ( control group), with 0.1 g/L of mouse anti-αvβ6 monoclonal antibody 10D5 for 6 hours and then with 5-fluorouracil for24 hours ( 10D5 group), with IgG2a and 5-fluorouracil ( IgG2a group), or with 5-fluorouracil and 20 μnol/L of ERK inhibitor PD98059 for 24 hours ( PD98059 group). Cell proliferation,apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 protein were detected by MTT assay, flow cytometry and western blotting, respectively. All data were analysed by one-way analysis of variance and LSD test. Results The cell inhibition rates of the control group, 10D5 group, IgG2a group and PD98059 group were 28.1% ±2.7%,84.5% ± 1.6%, 31.4% ±5.2%, 86.7% ±5.2%, respectively, with a significant difference ( F = 342. 5, P <0.05). The apoptosis rates of the control group, 10D5 group, IgG2a group, and PD98059 group were 6.6% ±1.4%, 30.6% ± 2.4%, 8.1% ± 1.3%, 36.0% ±4.0%, respectively, with a significant difference among the four groups (F = 105.4, P <0.05 ). There was a significant difference in the expression of caspase-3 and Bcl-2 among the four groups (F=292.1, 181.6, P<0.05). Conclusion Integrin αvβ6 can mediate the tolerance of gastric cancer AGS cells to 5-fluorouracil through direct β6-ERK binding.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548057


Objective:To investigate the feasibility and safety of a new method of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery(NOTES) -totally transtracheal endoscopic thyroidectomy(TTET) .Methods:Three miniature swines and 6 beagle dogs were underwent TTET.Under general anesthesia,special designed endotracheal tube with 2-channel was used and endoscope and instruments were inserted through the respective channel.Incision of tracheal anterior wall was accomplished and partial or subtotal thyroidectomy was performed.Finally,the defects in the trachea were sutured with ENDO STITCH instrument.Results:Partial thyroidectomy was successfully accomplished on 3 pigs and subtotal thyroidectomy was done on 6 dogs.No serious complications such as anoxia,asphyxia,airway obstruction and death occurred during the operation.Animals were sacrificed 2h after the procedure and incision of trachea was found to be closely sutured.There were no subcutaneous emphysema and haematoma formation.Conclusion:Preliminary experimental results showed the feasibility and safety of TTET.Transtracheal access maintains the integrity of cervical tissues and achieves an optimal cosmetic outcome.TTET may open up a new field of NOTES on thyroid surgery.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548399


Objective: To explore the role of integrin ?v?6 in proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer AGS cells. Methods: Gastric cancer AGS cells were treated with ?v?6 monoclonal antibody 10D5 or the negative control mouse immunogloblins IgG2a. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay, cell apoptosis was detected by FCM, and caspase-3 activity was examined by Western blot. Results: Compared with the control and IgG2a group, the apoptotic rate and caspase-3 activity of AGS cells treated with 10D5 increased, meanwhile cells survival rate decreased. There were significant differences of the indexes between the 10D5 group and the other two groups (P0.05). Conclusion: Integrin ?v?6 plays an important role in the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer AGS cells.