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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611939

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the curative effects of unilateral Orthofix external fixation in the treatment of tibial defects.Methods From June 2012 to February 2016,we treated 19 patients with tibial defects using unilateral Orthofix external fixation.They were 14 men and 5 women,aged from 26 to 79 years (mean,43.0 years).The right tibia was involved in 12 cases and the left tibia in 7.The soft tissue defects averaged 6.4 cm × 3.7 cm.The mean bone defect before bone transport was 8.9 cm in length.The anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films of the affected tibia were taken regularly after surgery.Edwards tibial fracture scores were used to evaluate the functional recovery and complications of the affected limb at final follow-ups.Results All the patients were followed up for 10 to 40 months (average,18.5 months).Bone union time ranged from 4 to 16 months (average,9.0 months).Lengths of bone transport ranged from 6 to 10 cm (average,7.8 cm).All the bone defects were reconstructed.According to the Edwards scoring at the final follow-ups,10 cases were rated as excellent,6 as good and 3 as poor.Complications were observed in 4 cases,giving a complication rate of 21.1%.Conclusion Unilateral Orthofix external fixation and bone transport can lead to preferable curative effects in the management of tibial defects.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495976

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of hook plate and fascia lata graft in management of chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocation.Methods From May 2012 to March 2014,a total of 16 cases of chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocation (Rockwood type Ⅲ) were treated with hook plate and fascia lata graft.They were 10 men and 6 women,from 19 to 57 years of age (mean,34.7 years).Seven cases were at the left side and 9 at the right side.All injuries resulted from direct violence.The time from injury to surgery ranged from 8 to 54 weeks (mean,12.4 weeks).At the final follow-ups,the shoulder function was assessed using the Quick Version of the Disabilities of the Arm,Shoulder and Hand Score (DASH) and visual analogue scale (VAS),and the efficacy using Karlsson's evaluation system.Results All surgical wounds primarily healed.The dislocation of acromioclavicular joint was corrected,without any vascular or neural damage.The patients were followed up for an average of 12 months (from 6 to 18 months).No plate breakage,screw loosening or redislocation was observed.The DASH and VAS scores of the shoulder at the final follow-ups (25.42 ± 8.34 and 2.22 ± 1.70,respectively) were significantly improved,compared with the preoperative ones (43.72 ± 12.35 and 6.33 ± 1.37,respectively) (P < 0.05).According to the Karlsson's criteria,10 cases were excellent,4 good and 2 moderate.Conclusion In management of Rockwood type Ⅲ chronic acromioclavicular joint dislocation,hook plate and fascia lata graft can restore dynamic balance and stability of the acromioclavicular joint,resulting in solid fixation,early joint motion and limited complications.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333659

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the soft tissue regeneration after implantation of two novel citric acid-based biodegradable materials in the skull defects in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two novel citric acid-based biodegradable materials were implanted in the muscular tissues in the thigh and harvested 2 weeks later. Another 40 rats with surgically induced cranial defect were randomized into control group, autograft group, CUPE-HA group, and POC-HA group (n=10), and 3 months after implantation, the materials were harvested for histological and morphometric analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Soft tissue regeneration was stimulated by the two biodegradable materials in the muscular tissues. The implants also stimulated angiogenesis and soft tissue regeneration in the cranial defect and accelerated of intramembranous ossification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The 2 novel citric acid-based biodegradable materials can induce angiogenesis and soft tissue regeneration and accelerate intramembranous ossification in rats with cranial defects.</p>


Subject(s)
Absorbable Implants , Animals , Citric Acid , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Osteogenesis , Rats , Regeneration , Skull , Soft Tissue Injuries , Therapeutics , Wound Healing
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379977

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application valve of bFGF to improve the viability of trans-plantation flap in Wistar rat. Methods Forty-eight Wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups based on the age: group A,B(1.5 month old, every group was 12 rats) and group C,D (3 month old, every group was 12 rats). After an ischemic model completed, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (rb-bFGF) was given to groups A and C in ischemie zone by vascularization flap injection and the equality of normal saline to groups B and D. 14 days postoperatively, the muscular tissue was sent for histology, the blood vessel density was calculated by image analysis, and positive VEGF was detected by immunohistochem-istry. Results The member of capillaries and positive VEGF were more in group A than that in B, and also were morein group C than D(P < 0.05), but there were not statistic difference between group A and C (P > 0.05). Conclusion Recombinant bovine bFGF can stimulate angiogenesis and improve the ischemie vascu-larization flap of rat, which is not associated with their age.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 455-457,后插1, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591522

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical therapeutic efficacy of the clinical study of thumb tip defect reconstruction with free distal second toe in emergency. Methods Fifteen cases of thumb tip defect were reconstructed with free distal second toe in emergency.The blood supply was restored by anastomosis of digital and toe'S artery and nerves,the dorsal surface and other side vein of fingers all can be anastomosed with toe's vein.but the first was main. Results All of fifteen fingers survived.Followed-up from 3 months to 3 years,all reconstruction thumbs has a satisfying outward appearance,normal nail and fingerprint,well pinch and hold functions, none effect to the foot. Conclusion Repair of thumb tip defects using free distal second toe in emergency enables favorable functional recovery and satisfying outward appearance,the method is simple and rats recover quickly.

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