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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790581


Objective To determine the concentration of eupatilin and arteanoflavone in A rtemisia anomala by high per-formance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Methods A rtemisia anomala was extracted by ultrasonic for 60 minutes with 10 times volume of methanol.The HPLC was performed on a SHISEIDO MG-C18 column (3.0 mm × 100 mm,3μm).The mobile phase was a mixture of acetonitrile (ACN) and 0.1% formic acid (40:60,V/V ).The detection wavelength was 350 nm,the column temperature was 25 ℃ and the injection volumn was 5μl.Results Eupatilin and arteanoflavone were separated at base-line within 15min with good linearity.The method validation results show that the precisions,repeatability and stability were all in the normal range.The low,medium and high level recoveries of eupatilin were 100.26%,99.58%,102.24%,and those of arteanoflavone were 99.09%,101.12%,101.43%,respectively.Conclusion The method was rapid,simple,reproductive and accurate.It can be used to control the quality of Artemisia anomala.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456022


Objective To establish the CTRP4 transgenic mouse model and investigate the function of the novel adipocytokine CTRP4.Methods CTRP4 overexpressing vector in pCAGGS was firstly constructed and then microinjected into zygote to establish the founder transgenic mice .F1 heterozygotes were generated by founder mice mating with wildtype mice, and the CTRP4 transgenic homozygotes were generated by F 1 littermates.The genotype was confirmed by PCR and test cross method .The expression level of CTRP 4 in transgenic mice was detected by western blot .Result The human CTRP4 transgenic homozygote mice line was established , and the expression level of CTRP 4 was confirmed raletively high in detected tissues including heart , liver, brain and kidney . Conclusion The human CTRP4 transgenic mice was successfully established .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431726


Objective To investigate the risk factors for postoperative liver failure of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and bile duct tumor thrombus through a risk evaluation model.Methods The clinical data of 107 patients with HCC and bile duct tumor thrombus who received hepatic resection at the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital from March 2002 to February 2011 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients were divided into the non-liver failure group (98 patients) and liver failure group (9 patients).Risk factors associated with liver failure were analyzed and a risk evaluation model was established.All data were analyzed using the bivariate regression model,and factors with significance were further analyzed using the multivariate regression model.Results Of the 107 patients,105 received hepatic resection + choledochotomy + thrombectomy and 2 received hepatic resection + extrahepatic bile duct resection + cholangiojejunostomy.The operation time was 2.0-5.5 hours,and the intraoperative blood loss was 200-3500 ml.In the non-liver failure group,5 patients had pleural and peritoneal effusion,3 had biliary bleeding,2 had incisional infection,1 had biliary infection,1 had bile leakage,1 had stress-induced ulcer of upper digestive tract and 1 had thoracic epidural hematoma.The bleeding of the patients with thoracic epidural hematoma was stopped after thoracic spinal decompression,but subsequent paraplegia occurred.In the liver failure group,2 patients died of postoperative acute liver failure,and 7 patients died of postoperative subacute liver failure (death caused by tumor recurrence or medicine was excluded).The results of univariate analysis showed that preoperative total bilirubin,albumin,pre-albumin,albumin/globulin ratio,distribution of tumor thrombus,operative blood loss and ratio of postoperative residual liver volume to the total liver volume were correlated with the postoperative liver failure in patients with HCC and bile duct tumor thrombus (OR =3.017,0.191,0.248,2.681,9.048,4.759,13.714,P < 0.05).The results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative total bilirubin > 256.5 μmol/L,albumin/globulin ratio ≤ 1.3 and postoperative residual liver volume < 50% were the independent risk factors of postoperative liver failure (OR =5.537,11.107,172.450,P < 0.05).The risk evaluation model was Z =1.77 × preoperative total bilirubin + 2.408 × preoperative albumin/globulin ratio + 5.150 × ratio of postoperative residual liver volume to the total liver volume-17.288.The risk of postoperative liver failure increased as the increase of Z value.The risk of postoperative liver failure > 50% when the Z value > 0.Conclusions Preoperative total bilirubin > 256.5μmol/L,albumin/globulin ratio ≤ 1.3 and postoperative residual liver volume < 50% were the independent risk factors of postoperative liver failure.Risk evaluation model is helpful in screening the risk factors so as to decrease the incidence of postoperative liver failure.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389908


Objective To summarize the experiences of a single treatment group in surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma during the past 10 years. Methods From January 2000 to December 2009, 1572 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma were admitted to the Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, and the clini-cal data of 462 patients in our treatment group were retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 314 received surgical treatment, and the remaining 148 received conservative interventions or refused any therapy. Factors that may have influenced the prognosis were analyzed by the Kaplan-Meier method, Log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model. The correlation of different factors was analyzed by the chi-square test. Results A total of 314 patients underwent surgical treatment and tumor resection was performed in 237 patients, including 174 with R0 resection, 17 with R1 resection, and 46 with R2 resection. There were 91 patients with postoperative complications and 10 in-hospital deaths. A total of 260 patients had been followed up for 5-113 months, and the overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 71.7% , 32.6% and 10.9% , respectively; the 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates of patients with R0 resection were 76. 9% , 48. 6% and 32. 7% , respectively, with a median survival time of 35 months. R0 resection, TNM staging, regional lymph node involvement and tumor differentiation were the independent prognostic factors (RR = 2. 1, 1.9,2.2, 1.7, P<0.05). Conclusions Curative resection is the treatment of choice for hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Preoperative systematic evaluation and preparation can improve the radical resection rate and reduce postoperative morbidity.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387242


Objective To analyze the characteristics and prognostic factors of gallbladder carcinoma and investigate the measures of various modus operandi. Methods The clinicopathological data of 181 patients with advanced gallbladder carcinoma treated in our hospital from June 2002 to June 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. SPSS16. 0 software package was used for statistical analysis.Results The overall median survival rate of the 181 patients with gallbladder carcinoma was 6 months. The median survival rate after radical resection for gallbladder carcinoma was 19.5 months,which was remarkably higher than other R1 resection, R2 resection and palliative operation groups (P <0. 01) The RO resection rates were 95.5%, 62. 2%, 14.1% and 4.7%, respectively based on different pathological stages of Nevin( Ⅱ , Ⅲ, Ⅳ, and Ⅴ ). There were significant differences among all groups (P<0.01). The Cox multivariate analysis revealed that pathological stages of Nevin, total bilirubin, CA-199 and therapeutic method had significantly higher risk ratios for gallbladder carcinoma.Conclusion Radical resection may help to improve the survival rate and prognosis of advanced gallbladder carcinoma.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386409


Objective To compare the safety and damage to liver function of 3 methods of hepatic infusive vascular occlusion in hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods Retrospectively, the clinical data of patients undergoing curative liver resection with pan- (n=30) and hemi(n= 30) vascular occlusion or hemi-hepatic artery reservation (n= 30) method were analyzed. Results All patients in the 3 groups had similar surgical duration and blood loss. Two and one patients from group 2 suffered from portal vein impairment and hemorrhea, respectively. Patients from group 1 had higher serum alanine aminotransferase and total bilirubin on days 1 and 7 after surgery. Conclusion Hepatectomy with hemi-hepatic artery reservation, which was not closely related to hepatic hilum, is safe and convenient for the resection of tumor involving hemi-liver and is especially suitable for the patients with severe liver cirrhosis.