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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865144

ABSTRACT

Postoperative anastomosis-related complications are the common postoperative complications of gastric cancer. With the advancement of surgical technology and surgical instruments, the risk of postoperative anastomosis-related complications of gastric cancer has been greatly reduced. However, anastomotic stenosis, residual gastritis, anastomosis inflammation and reflux esophagitis seriously affect long-term quality of life in gastric cancer patients. Based on the incidence of short-term and long-term complications, the authors aim to conclude risks factors, preventive measures and means of treatment for postoperative anastomosis-related complications after gastric cancer surgery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774429

ABSTRACT

With the development of the methodology of clinical trials and the appearance of medical big data, the real-world study (RWS) presents its unique advantages, plays a role in clinical practice and research, and its importance is more and more recognized by scholars in recent years. In surgical research field, due to the specificity of surgical diseases and operational procedures, confounding factors and risk of bias are greatly higher than those of traditional medications. Therefore, using unique advantages of the RWS to solve the actual clinical problem in surgical field is the main goal of performing surgical RWS. This article will systematically elucidate how to perform the surgical RWS and the special matters of concern in carrying out surgical RWS.


Subject(s)
Clinical Studies as Topic , Methods , Reference Standards , General Surgery , Reference Standards , Humans , Research Design , Reference Standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Reference Standards
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the long-term survival outcomes of Siewert II adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) between transthoracic (TT) approach and transabdominal (TA) approach.@*METHODS@#The databases of Gastrointestinal Surgery Department and Thoracic Surgery Department in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from 2006 to 2014 were integrated. Patients of Siewert II AEG who underwent resection were retrospectively collected.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#(1) adenocarcinoma confirmed by gastroscopy and biopsy; (2) tumor involvement in the esophagogastric junction line; (3) tumor locating from lower 5 cm to upper 5 cm of the esophagogastric junction line, and tumor center locating from upper 1 cm to lower 2 cm of esophagogastric junction line; (4)resection performed at thoracic surgery department or gastrointestinal surgery department; (5) complete follow-up data. Patients at thoracic surgery department received trans-left thoracic, trans-right thoracic, or transabdominothoracic approach; underwent lower esophagus resection plus proximal subtotal gastrectomy; selected two-field or three-field lymph node dissection; underwent digestive tract reconstruction with esophagus-remnant stomach or esophagus-tubular remnant stomach anastomosis above or below aortic arch using hand-sewn or stapler instrument to perform anastomosis. Patients at gastrointestinal surgery department received transabdominal(transhiatal approach), or transabdominothoracic approach; underwent total gastrectomy or proximal subtotal gastrectomy; selected D1, D2 or D2 lymph node dissection; underwent digestive tract reconstruction with esophagus-single tube jejunum or esophagus-jejunal pouch Roux-en-Y anastomosis, or esophagus-remnant stomach or esophagus-tubular remnant stomach anastomosis; completed all the anastomoses with stapler instruments. The follow-up ended in January 2018. The TNM stage system of the 8th edition UICC was used for esophageal cancer staging; survival table method was applied to calculate 3-year overall survival rate and 95% cofidence interval(CI); log-rank test was used to perform survival analysis; Cox regression was applied to analyze risk factors and calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95%CI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 443 cases of Siewert II AEG were enrolled, including 89 cases in TT group (with 3 cases of transabdominothoracic approach) and 354 cases in TA group. Median follow-up time was 50.0 months (quartiles:26.4-70.2). The baseline data in TT and TA groups were comparable, except the length of esophageal invasion [for length <3 cm, TA group had 354 cases(100%), TT group had 44 cases (49.4%), χ²=199.23,P<0.001]. The number of harvested lymph node in thoracic surgery department and gastrointestinal surgery department were 12.0(quartiles:9.0-17.0) and 24.0(quartiles:18.0-32.5) respectively with significant difference (Z=11.29,P<0.001). The 3-year overall survival rate of TA and TT groups was 69.2%(95%CI:64.1%-73.7%) and 55.8% (95%CI:44.8%-65.4%) respectively, which was not significantly different by log-rank test (P=0.059). However, the stage III subgroup analysis showed that the survival of TA group was better [the 3-year overall survival in TA group and TT group was 78.1%(95%CI:70.5-84.0) and 46.3%(95%CI:31.0-60.3) resepectively(P=0.001)]. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that the TT group had poor survival outcome (HR=2.45,95%CI:1.30-4.64, P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#The overall survival outcomes in the TA group are better, especially in stage III patients, which may be associated with the higher metastatic rate of abdominal lymph node and the more complete lymphadenectomy via TA approach.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Classification , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , China , Databases, Factual , Esophageal Neoplasms , Classification , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Esophagogastric Junction , Pathology , General Surgery , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Laparotomy , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Classification , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Survival Analysis , Thoracic Surgical Procedures
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the safety and efficacy between proximal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy and to ascertain the optimized procedure for patients with upper third gastric cancer through meta-analysis.@*Methods@#The English literatures about proximal gastrectomy and total gastrectomy for upper third gastric cancer were searched from PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library and the Web of Science database and then collected. The quality of enrolled studies was independently assessed by two researchers according to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for retrospective studies and Jadad scale for RCT studies. The basic information of the literature and related clinical indicators were extracted. The primary endpoints were 5-year overall survival rate and recurrence rate. The secondary endpoints were operative time, intraoperative blood loss, morbidity of postoperative complication, incidence of anastomotic stenosis and incidence of reflux esophagitis. Considering the influence of tumor staging on postoperative clinicopathological features and prognosis, a subgroup analysis was performed on the literatures including cases of early gastric cancer and those including cases of tumor stage I to IV. Statistical analyses were carried out by the "metafor" and "meta" software packages from RevMan 5.3 software and R software (V3.2.4).@*Results@#Twenty-five literatures involving 3667 patients (proximal gastrectomy for 1483, total gastrectomy for 2184) were finally enrolled for analysis, including 24 retrospective studies with ≥ 5 points and 1 RCT with 3 points, and all the literatures were of high quality. A total of 2516 cases of early gastric cancer were enrolled in 18 articles, including 1027 with proximal gastrectomy and 1489 with total gastrectomy. A total of 1151 cases with stage I to IV were enrolled in 7 articles, including 456 in proximal gastrectomy group and 695 in total gastrectomy group. Five-year survival rate was not significantly different for patients with early gastric cancer between the proximal gastrectomy group and total gastrectomy group (OR=1.16, 95% CI: 0.72 to 1.86, P=0.54). Similarly, there was no significant difference for patients with stage I to IV between the proximal gastrectomy group and the total gastrectomy group (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 0.92 to 1.53, P=0.18). Recurrence rate of early gastric cancer patients was not significantly different between the proximal gastrectomy group and the total gastrectomy group (OR=0.40, 95% CI: 0.05 to 3.16, P=0.39).However, the recurrence rate of the proximal gastrectomy group was higher than that of the total gastrectomy group in patients with stage I to IV (OR=1.55, 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.19, P<0.01), whose difference was statistically significant. There was no significant differences in postoperative complication between the groups, both in patients with early gastric cancer, and in those with stage I to IV (both P>0.05). The incidences of postoperative anastomotic stenosis (OR=3.57, 95% CI: 1.82 to 6.99, P<0.01) and reflux esophagitis (OR=2.83, 95% CI: 1.23 to 6.54, P=0.01) in the proximal gastrectomy group were significantly higher than those in the total gastrectomy group in patients with early gastric cancer.@*Conclusions@#There is no significant difference in long-term survival outcomes between total gastrectomy and proximal gastrectomy for upper gastric tumors. However,incidence of anastomotic stenosis and reflux esophagitis, and tumor recurrence rate after total gastrectomy are significantly lower. The total gastrectomy is recommended as the first choice for advanced upper gastric tumor.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805243

ABSTRACT

The most common metastasis modality of gastric cancer is the perigastric lymph node metastasis. Complete dissection of regional lymph nodes of the stomach is the core surgical treatment strategy of gastric cancer, and is closely related to the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. Infrapyloric lymph node metastasis is common in gastric cancer,and its incomplete dissection is associated with tumor recurrence. Meanwhile, anatomical variations of vessels and complex mesentery layers of infrapyloric area increase the difficulty of lymphadenectomy during the operation. So, infrapyloric lymph node (No. 6) is an important station. Based on the theory of embryonic development and complete mesogastrium excision, operation across the anatomical space among mesentery layers can ensure en bloc resection of the infrapyloric lymph nodes.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691282

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the tissue response grading (TRG) system following neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to investigate its application in the gastric cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of 30 cT3-4N0-3M0 gastric cancer cases who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and operation from May 2017 to February 2018 at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The edema degree of gastrointestinal tract and perigastric tissues, intraoperative effusion, and fibrosis of tumor and lymph nodes bearing tissues which could be divided into 4 categories constituted the core parameters of the TRG system following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Four categories of edema: grade 0, no obvious tissue edema; grade 1, slight tissue edema and swelling, no obvious effusion when dissecting the capsule of connective tissues; grade 2, moderate tissue edema and swelling, a few effusion when dissecting the capsule of connective tissues; grade 3, severe tissue edema and swelling with high tension on the capsule of connective tissues, tension blister could be observed in some patients, continuous effusion when dissecting the capsule of connective tissues. Four categories of intraoperative effusion: grade 0, no obvious effusion; grade 1, slight effusion and a few intraperitoneal exudation; grade 2, moderate effusion and continuous intraperitoneal exudation necessitating interrupted suction; grade 3, severe effusion and continuous intraperitoneal exudation necessitating constant suction. Four categories of fibrosis: grade 0, no fibrosis; grade 1, slight fibrosis with threadiness fibrous bands, clear dissecting space could be found between the fibrous tissues and adventitia/normal tissues; grade 2, moderate fibrosis with flaky fibrous tissues, the difficulty of tissue and lymph nodes dissection increased although dissecting space could be found between the fibrous tissues and adventitia/normal tissues; grade 3, severe fibrosis with hard and flaky fibrous membrane, the difficulty of tissue and lymph nodes dissection increased extremely and the fibrous tissues merges with adventitia/normal tissues without dissecting space. The relationships of TRG system with tumor response evaluation by computed tomography (CT), tumor regression score, surgical duration, number of retrieved lymph nodes, number of metastatic lymph nodes, number of enlarged lymph nodes seen in the preoperative CT scans as well as postoperative complications were analyzed using t test, χ² test and logistic regression model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen male and 11 female patients with a mean age of(59.1±9.4) years were enrolled. There were 17 cases of grade 1, 12 cases of grade 2 and 1 case of grade 3 for tissue edema, while the corresponding number was 14, 15 and 1 for intraoperative effusion and 15, 14 and 1 for fibrosis respectively. There were no significant differences among the different degrees of tissue edema, intraoperative effusion and fibrosis in terms of the tumor response evaluation by CT and tumor regression score (all P>0.05). The results of logistics regression showed that tumor response evaluation by CT was related with the degree of tissue edema (P=0.012) and intraoperative effusion (P=0.007), rather than the degree of fibrosis (P=0.527). However, tumor regression score was not related with the degree of tissue edema(P=0.345), intraoperative effusion (P=0.159) and fibrosis (P=0.207). Surgical duration of one case with all grade 3 in tissue edema, intraoperative effusion and fibrosis was 408 minutes, which was longer than those with grade 1 and grade 2 patients [(295.9±40.1) minutes and (293.1±34.3) minutes, respectively]; the number of retrieved lymph nodes, metastatic lymph nodes, and enlarged lymph nodes seen in the preoperative CT scans of this case with all grade 3 were 25, 4 and 1, which were all less than those with grade 1 and grade 2 (42.3±11.9 and 38.5±18.2, 7.3±9.1 and 8.1±9.7, 1.8±1.6 and 2.3±1.3, respectively). There were no significant differences between grade 1 and grade 2 of tissue edema, intraoperative effusion and fibrosis in terms of surgical duration, retrieved lymph nodes, metastatic lymph nodes and enlarged lymph nodes seen in the preoperative CT scans(all P>0.05). Four patients suffered from pulmonary complications and 2 patients experienced slight lymphatic, and all leakage were cured by conservative therapies. There were no significant differences among the different grades of tissue edema, intraoperative effusion and fibrosis in terms of the operation-associated complications (all P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The tissue response grading system can assist the judgment of operation difficulty and reflect the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy to some extent, which has the possibility of applications.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Female , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , General Surgery
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338397

ABSTRACT

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with radical gastrectomy is one of the most important parts of the multimodality therapy strategies for locally advanced gastric cancer. With the development of laparoscopic technique in recent decades, laparoscopic technique plays a more and more important role in the surgical treatment of gastric cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, as a part of comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer, has gained more and more clinical supports and been recommended for guidelines. With the development of laparoscopic technique and clinical evidence, laparoscopic operation for advanced gastric cancer has been applied more and more widely. However, the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic resection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, as a new treatment modality, still needs prospectively high-level researches to verify. Therefore, we will discuss some key points of laparoscopic gastrectomy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy based on the CLASS 03a trial, which is led by the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, and Chinese Laparoscopic Gastric Surgery Study Group. The CLASS 03a trial aims to confirm surgical and oncological safety of laparoscopy distal D2 radical gastrectomy for locally advanced stage gastric cancer patients (cT3~4a, N-/+, M0) who completed neoadjuvant chemotherapy. On the base of CLASS 03a trial, this article elucidates the choice of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for gastric cancer and proposes some associated problems about neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with laparoscopic gastric cancer operation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505691

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between sudomotor function and peripheral artery disease (PAD),and to evaluate the effectiveness of sudomotor function testing to screen diabetic patients at high risk of PAD comparing to ankle-brachial index (ABI) and toe-brachial index (TBI).Methods A total of 263 diabetes mellitus (DM) outpatients in the 306th Hospital of PLA from August 2014 to April 2015 were enrolled in the study.ABI and TBI were measured by the Doppler method.Sudomotor function was evaluated by measuring the electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) of the hands and feet using the Sudoscan instrument.Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) was assessed and recorded as cardiac autonomic neuropathy risk-score (CAN-RS) by Sudoscan.Results ESC values of the feet and hands were positively correlated with ABI and TBI.The diabetes patients with abnornal ABI and TBI had significantly lower hand ESC [(45.63±12.87) μS vs.(68.10±17.40) μS,(59.17±19.58) μS vs.(68.57±17.11) μS;P< 0.05] and feet ESC [(44.54±25.48) μS vs.(70.92±19.46) μS,(59.21±24.52) μS vs.(71.71±19.02) μS;P< 0.05],and higher CAN-RS[(49.17± 15.41)% vs.(36.33±16.25)%,(44.90±16.09)% vs.(35.39±16.05)%;P< 0.05],than diabetes patients with normal ABI and TBI.Using ABI as the gold standard,the areas under the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of the diagnostic performance of hands ESC,feet ESC and CAN-RS to identify PAD were 0.87,0.84 and 0.74,respectively (P<0.001).Conclusion Sudomotor function testing can be helpful and beneficial to identify PAD in patients with diabetes.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2343-2346, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620358

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of HSPA9 in hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis.Methods Forty-nine cases HCC treated by operative resection and follow up data in our hospital from January 2006 to January 2010 were retrospectively analyzed.Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expression of HSPA9 in HCC and paratumor tissues.The relationship between HSPA9 expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis was statistically analyzed.Results The HSPA9 protein expression in tumor tissue was higher that that in the paratumor tissue(t=6.601,P<0.01),moreover the over expression of HSPA9 was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (P =0.005),TNM-stage(P =0.015),tumor differentiation (P =0.033),microvascular invasion (P =0.009) and recurrence (P =0.047).In the survival analysis results,the patients with over expression of HSPA9 had a much lower total survival rate(P=0.002)and much higher postoperative cumulative recurrence rate(P =0.003).There were significant differences in TNM-stage,microvascular invasion,lymph node metastasis,tumor differentiation and HSPA9 staining for overall survival and cumulative recurrence rate based on a univariate analysis(P<0.05).Conclusion HSPA9 has over expression in HCC.The over expression of HS-PA9 is closely related to invasion and metastasis pathological features and can serve as an independent prognostic risk factor for predicting the prognosis of HCC.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303888

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of clockwise modularized lymphadenectomy in laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 19 cases who underwent the laparoscopic clockwise modularized lymphadenectomy for gastric cancer (clockwise group) from July 2016 to September 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The clockwise modularized lymphadenectomy included the fixed operative order, detailed procedure and requirement of lymphadenectomy, which mainly reflected in assisting the exposure of operative field and dissection of lymph nodes through suspending the liver and banding the greater omentum, as well as proposing the requirements and attentions for the dissections of each station of lymph nodes to facilitate the quality control of lymphadenectomy. The operative time, intraoperative complications, intraoperative estimate blood loss, number of total harvested lymph nodes, morbidity and postoperative recovery, were compared with the data of another 19 cases who received traditional lymphadenectomy from January 2016 to June 2016 (control group).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline data were comparable between two groups. All the patients were performed successfully by laparoscopy without conversion and intraoperative complications. The operative time, intraoperative estimated blood loss and number of total harvested lymph node were (278.4±29.9) min, (91.1±41.6) ml and 38.2±15.1 in clockwise group, and were (296.7±30.3) min, (102.2±32.2) ml and 37.0±12.3 in control group without significant differences (all P>0.05). However, the mean number of retrieved No.11p lymph nodes was 2.2±1.8 in clockwise group, which was significantly higher than that in control group (0.8±1.0) (P=0.013). Four patients in each group suffered from pulmonary infections, who were cured by conservative therapies. There was no anastomotic leakage, intraperitoneal hemorrhage, intraperitoneal infection or intestinal obstruction in each group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clockwise modularized lymphadenectomy can contribute to the facilitation of the retraction and exposure, decrease of the surgical duration and intraoperative blood loss, and radicalization of lymph node dissection, especially for the lymph nodes dissection around the celiac trunk.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Convalescence , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Epidemiology , Laparoscopy , Methods , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , General Surgery , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303882

ABSTRACT

The Western China Gastric Cancer Collaboration (WCGCC) was founded in Chongqing, China in 2011. At the early stage of the collaboration, there were only about 20 centers. While now, there are 36 centers from western area of China, including Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan, Shanxi, Guizhou, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Ningxia and Tibet. During the past few years, the WCGCC organized routinely gastric cancer standardized treatment tours, training courses of mini-invasive surgical treatment of gastric cancer and the clinical research methodology for members of the collaboration. Meanwhile, the WCGCC built a multicenter database of gastric cancer since 2011 and the entering and management refer to national gastric cancer registration entering system of Japan Gastric Cancer Association. During the entering and collection of data, 190 items of data have unified definition and entering standard from Japan Gastric Cancer Guidelines. Nowadays, this database included about 11 872 gastric cancer cases, and in this paper we will introduce the initial results of these cases. Next, the collaboration will conduct some retrospective studies based on this database to analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of patients in the western area of China. Besides, the WCGCC performed a prospective study, also. The first randomized clinical trial of the collaboration aims to compare the postoperative quality of life between different reconstruction methods for total gastrectomy(WCGCC-1202, ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02110628), which began in 2015, and now this study is in the recruitment period. In the next steps, we will improve the quality of the database, optimize the management processes. Meanwhile, we will engage in more exchanges and cooperation with the Chinese Cochrane Center, reinforce the foundation of the clinical trials research methodology. In aspect of standardized surgical treatment of gastric cancer, we will further strengthen communication with other international centers in order to improve both the treatment and research levels of gastric cancer in Western China.


Subject(s)
Cancer Care Facilities , China , Clinical Protocols , Reference Standards , Clinical Trials as Topic , Methods , Reference Standards , Databases, Factual , Education, Medical, Continuing , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Education , Organizational Objectives , Organizations , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Registries , Research Design , Reference Standards , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Therapeutics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the postoperative analgesia efficacy, rehabilitation parameters and complication between multimodal analgesia and traditional analgesia after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in our hospital from October 2016 to December 2016 were enrolled in this prospective study. According to the non-randomized method, patients were assigned to multimodal analgesia group(n=32) and traditional analgesia group(n=33) in gastric cancer treatment team A and B in Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The treatment measures of group A were as follows: (1) The ratio of 1/1 diluted ropivacaine (100 mg, 10 ml) was infiltrated around the incision before abdomen closure, with incision sutured layer by layer. (2) Parecoxib sodium (40 mg) was injected intravenously every 12 hours after operation for 5 days. (3) Oxycodone-acetaminophen tablet was given orally on the first day or the second day after operation, 50 mg twice a day. (4) Patient-controlled analgesia was not used after operation. Patients in group B received direct suture of incision and patient-controlled analgesia. The pain score, postoperative rehabilitation and 30-day postoperative complications were collected and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multimodal analgesia group had lower pain scores at 1 d (4.8±0.9), 2 d (4.3±1.0), 3 d (2.9±0.8), 4 d (2.4±0.7) and 5 d (1.7±0.7) after surgery, as compared to traditional analgesia group (5.9±0.9, P=0.000), (5.1±0.7, P=0.001), (3.9±0.8, P=0.000), (3.0±0.6, P=0.000), (2.6±0.7, P=0.000), with significant difference. Postoperative hospital stay [(8.2±1.6) days vs. (10.6±2.2) days, P=0.000], time to ambulation [(47.5±13.8) days vs. (66.2±16.8) days, P=0.000], time to first flatus [(76.4±25.2) days vs. (120.0±29.9) days, P=0.000], time to first defecate [(117.3±42.2) days vs. (159.7±30.7) days, P=0.000] and time to first fluid diet [(83.8±21.6) days vs. (141.9±33.9) days, P=0.000] in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly shorter than those in the traditional analgesia group. There was no significant difference between the two groups with respect to 30-day postoperative complication rate(9.4% vs. 9.1%, P=1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Multimodal analgesia can significantly reduce the postoperative pain and is beneficial to rehabilitation, meanwhile it does not increase the risk of postoperative complications. Multimodal analgesia is safe and effective for gastric cancer patients undergoing radical gastrectomy.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Therapeutic Uses , Amides , Therapeutic Uses , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , China , Comparative Effectiveness Research , Defecation , Drug Combinations , Eating , Flatulence , Gastrectomy , Rehabilitation , Humans , Isoxazoles , Therapeutic Uses , Length of Stay , Oxycodone , Therapeutic Uses , Pain Management , Methods , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery , Surgical Wound , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Walking
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323560

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility and safety of Da Vinci surgical robot in the dissection of splenic hilar lymph nodes for gastric cancer patients with total gastrectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of two cases who underwent total gastrectomy for cardia cancer at our department in January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Two male patients were 62 and 55 years old respectively, with preoperative diagnosis as cT2-3N0M0 and cT1-2N0M0 gastric cancer by gastroscope and biopsy, and both received robotic total gastrectomy spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymph node dissection successfully. The operative time for splenic hilar lymph node dissection was 30 min and 25 min respectively. The intraoperative estimated blood loss was both 100 ml, while the number of total harvested lymph node was 38 and 33 respectively. One dissected splenic hilar lymph node and fatty tissues in two patients were proven by pathological examinations. There were no anastomotic leakage, pancreatic fistula, splenic infarction, intraluminal bleeding, digestive tract bleeding, aneurysm of splenic artery, and other operation-associated complications. Both patients suffered from postoperative pneumonia, and were cured by conservative therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The robotic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymph node dissection is feasible and safe, but its superiority needs further evaluation.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Dissection , Female , Gastrectomy , Methods , Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , Male , Middle Aged , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Spleen , Stomach Neoplasms , General Surgery
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