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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 583-588, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954256

ABSTRACT

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is increasing at home and abroad, and surgical treatment is still the main treatment. At present, subtypes of AEG mainly include Siewert and Nishi types. According to the location and stage of the tumor, the appropriate surgical approaches and methods are different, and with the application of minimally invasive technologies such as laparoscopy and robot assisted surgery, there is a certain impact on the occurrence of postoperative complications. However, the postoperative complications of AEG have not been explained in detail. This article will review and summarize the research progress of different surgical methods for AEG postoperative complications, in order to provide some reference for clinical treatment.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 163-166, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706772

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the agonistic CD40 antibody(CD40ScFv and CD40mAb)-mediated suppression of mouse breast cancer cell growth and change in tumor tissue Th1/Th2 balance,as well as the mechanism underlying its antitumor effect.Methods:The re-combinant plasmid containing the CD40ScFv gene fragment was transformed into the Rosetta strain of Escherichia coli to express and purify the recombinant functional CD40ScFv protein.The 4T1 mouse breast cancer cells were cultured in vitro.Balb/C tumor model mice were divided into CD40ScFv,CD40mAb agonist,and saline(NS group)groups,which were administered CD40ScFv,CD40mAb ago-nist,and saline,respectively,to observe the change in tumor volume.The tumor tissues were removed and enzyme-linked immunosor-bent assay(ELISA)was used to determine IL-12 concentration in the tumor tissue supernatants.The tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs)were extracted by enzymatic digestion.The proportion of Th1 and Th2 cells in TILs was determined by flow cytometry.Results:The CD40ScFv protein was successfully identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and western blot.The molecular size and concentration of the purified protein were 27kDa and 1.12 mg/mL,respectively.The tumor sizes of the CD40ScFv and CD40mAb groups were(3.044±0.239)cm3and(2.749±0.261)cm3,respectively,which were significantly smaller(P<0.05)than that of the NS group(3.933±0.326)cm3.The tumor IL-12 concentration(determined by ELISA)in the CD40ScFv group(396.27±48.13)pg/mL and the CD40mAb agonist group(457.63±58.37)pg/mL were significantly higher(P<0.05)than that of the NS group(79.51±14.97) pg/mL.The results of flow cytometry showed that the excited Th1/Th2 cell ratios were 6.32±0.87 and 5.54±0.71 for the CD40ScFv and CD40mAb groups,respectively,which were significantly higher(P<0.05)than that of the NS group(1.79±0.38).Conclusions:The agonis-tic CD40 antibody inhibited tumor growth by regulating the Th1/Th2 ratio and IL-12 secretion via promotion of DC activation,which is one of the important mechanisms affecting Th1/Th2 balance in the tumor microenvironment

3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 260-267, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711399

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain a mouse CD40-specific single-chain antibody (scFv) with high purity and to investigate its in vivo and in vitro agonistic activity on natural killer(NK) cells against tumor. Methods Agonistic anti-mouse CD40 scFv with high purity was obtained by genetic engineering. Mouse dendritic cells (DCs) were treated with different strategies including anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody (McAb),anti-CD40 scFv and negative control. Expression of IL-12 in the supernatants of DC cultures was measured by ELISA. Then DCs and NK cells were co-cultured to obtain activated NK cells,which were co-cultured with T6-17 cells. WST-8 was used to test the cytotoxic effects of NK cells on T6-17 cells. A mouse tumor model was established by injecting BALB/c nude mice with T6-17 cells. Anti-CD40 scFv was injected into tumor to evaluate its inhibitory effect on tumor growth. Levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ in the tumor microen-vironment were detected by ELISA. Changes in the percentages of tumor-infiltrating NK cells and the expres-sion of NKG2D protein(natural-killer group 2,member D) were detected by flow cytometry and immunohis-tochemistry,respectively. Results The recombinant plasmid CD40 scFv-pET28a was confirmed to be con-structed correctly. Results of SDS-page and His-tag Western blot revealed that anti-CD40 scFv could be ex-pressed successfully with a relative molecular mass of 27×103. The level of IL-12 in the supernatant of DC culture of anti-CD40 scFv group was (555.86 ±40.48) pg/ml, which was significantly higher than that of negative control group (P<0.05). The killing ability of NK cells in anti-CD40 scFv group was (72.23 ± 3.99)%,which was significantly higher than that in negative control group (P<0.05). Anti-CD40 scFv significantly inhibited the tumor growth in BALB/c nude mice as compared with negative control group(P<0.05). The levels of IL-12 and IFN-γ in tumor microenvironment of anti-CD40 scFv group were(188.801± 32.718) pg/ml and(121.428±30.994) pg/ml,respectively,which were significantly higher than those in normal saline(NS) group(P<0.05). The positive rate of NKG2D protein and the percentage of CD3-DX5+cells in anti-CD40 scFv group were respectively(8.18±2.01)% and(19.15±2.24)%,which were signifi-cantly higher than those in NS group (P<0.05). Conclusion Agonistic anti-mouse CD40 scFv could en-hance the anti-tumor ability of NK cells by activating DCs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 1366-1373, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774447

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after abdominal surgery and to further evaluate the related risk factors of SSI in China.@*METHODS@#The multicenter cross-sectional study collected clinical data of all adult patients who underwent abdominal surgery from May 1, 2018 to May 31, 2018 in 30 domestic hospitals, including basic information, perioperative parameters, and incisional microbial culture results. The primary outcome was the incidence of SSI within postoperative 30 days. SSI was classified into superficial incision infection, deep incision infection, and organ/gap infection according to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria. The secondary outcome variables were ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay, total hospital stay, 30-day mortality and treatment costs. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of SSI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1666 patients were enrolled in the study, including 263 cases of East War Zone Hospital of PLA, 140 cases of Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, 108 cases of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, 87 cases of Central War Zone Hospital of PLA, 77 cases of West China Hospital, 74 cases of Guangdong General Hospital, 71 cases of Chenzhou First People's Hospital, 71 cases of Zigong First People's Hospital, 64 cases of Zhangjiagang First People's Hospital, 56 cases of Nanyang City Central Hospital, 56 cases of Lanzhou General Hospital of Lanzhou Military Command, 56 cases of Shandong Provincial Hospital, 52 cases of Shangqiu First People's Hospital, 52 cases of People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 48 cases of The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, 48 cases of Chinese PLA General Hospital, 44 cases of Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, 38 cases of Hunan Province People's Hospital, 36 cases of Dongguan Kanghua Hospital, 30 cases of Shaoxing Central Hospital, 30 cases of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital, 29 vases of The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, 27 cases of General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, 22 cases of Zigong Fourth People's Hospital, 21 cases of The Second Hospital of University of South China, 18 cases of Tongji Hospital, 15 cases of Nanchong Central Hospital, 12 cases of The 901th Hospital of PLA, 11 cases of Hunan Cancer Hospital, 10 cases of Lanzhou University Second Hospital. There were 1019 males and 647 females with mean age of (56.5±15.3) years old. SSI occurred in 80 patients (4.8%) after operation, including 39 cases of superficial incision infection, 16 cases of deep incision infection, and 25 cases of organ/interstitial infection. Escherichia coli was the main pathogen of SSI, and the positive rate was 32.5% (26/80). Compared with patients without SSI, those with SSI had significantly higher ICU occupancy rate [38.8%(31/80) vs. 13.9%(220/1586), P<0.001], postoperative hospital stay (median 17 days vs. 7 days, P<0.001) and total hospital stay (median 22 days vs. 13 days, P<0.001), and significantly higher cost of treatment (median 75 000 yuan vs. 44 000 yuan, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that male rise(OR=2.110, 95%CI:1.175-3.791, P=0.012), preoperative blood glucose level rise(OR=1.100, 95%CI: 1.012-1.197, P=0.026), operative time (OR=1.006, 95%CI:1.003-1.009, P<0.001) and surgical incision grade (clean-contaminated incision:OR=10.207, 95%CI:1.369-76.120, P=0.023; contaminated incision: OR=10.617, 95%CI:1.298-86.865, P=0.028; infection incision: OR=20.173, 95%CI:1.768-230.121, P=0.016) were risk factors for SSI; and laparoscopic surgery (OR=0.348, 95%CI:0.192-0.631, P=0.001) and mechanical bowel preparation(OR=0.441,95%CI:0.221-0.879, P=0.020) were protective factors for SSI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of postoperative SSI in patients with abdominal surgery in China is 4.8%. SSI can significantly increase the medical burden of patients. Preoperative control of blood glucose and mechanical bowel preparation are important measures to prevent SSI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdomen , General Surgery , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , General Surgery , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
5.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1034-1037, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734794

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnosis and treatment of acute superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (ASMVT).Methods Clinical data of 36 ASMVT patients admitted to our department from Jan 2014 to Oct 2017 were retrospectively analyzed,the differences of the clinical data and prognosis of nonsurgical group and surgical group were studied.Results All patients received anticoagulation therapy immediately after diagnosis,and recanalization rate was 42%.Surgical group included 21 cases,of which 9 cases received emergency surgery,12 cases received delayed bowel resection.There was significant difference between non-surgical group and surgical group (P > 0.05) in hemoglobin level at admission (124 ±29)g/L vs.(93 ± 13) g/L,t =3.880,P =0.006.Compared with delayed bowel resection group emergency surgery group had longer bowel resection (65 ± 58) cm vs.(13 ± 6) cm,t =2.700,P =0.035,more loop ileostomy (6 vs.1,x2 =7.875,P =0.016),more postoperative complication rate (56% vs.8%,x2 =5.619,P =0.046),but there was no significant difference in hospitalization time,hospitalization cost,postoperative recurrence and mortality rate (P > 0.05).Conclusions Early anticoagulantion therapy is advised for ASMVT patients to avoid bowel resection or reduce the length of intestinal resection.It is advisable for those who can be tided over to delayed bowel resection with intestinal obstruction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 602-606, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659499

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatio-temporal characteristics of normal gastric electrical activity.Methods From January 1st to February 29th,2016,fasting gastric electric slow wave signal was collected by high resolution mapping (HRM) under anesthesia before operation in patients without gastric lesions but needed laparoscopic surgery.Parameters of slow wave signal activity was calculated,gastric activity map and velocities was drawn and then spatio-temporal characteristics of gastric electrical activity of different part of the stomach were obtained.Independent sample t test was performed for comparison of two groups and one-way analysis of variance was used for multiple group comparisons.Results The normal gastric pacing zone located in the upper middle part of gastric body near greater curvature.Electrical activity of gastric body spread to gastric antrum along the long axis of the stomach.No slow signal was recorded in the gastric fundus and the gastric cardia.The frequencies of slow waves of different parts of gastric was same and the mean value was 2.61 ±0.11 cycle per minute.Compared with that of gastric body,the slow wave amplitude of gastric pacing zone was higher ((4.19±0.73) mV vs (1.67± 0.89) mV) and the speed was faster (7.24± 1.37) mm/s vs (4.94± 0.20) mm/s);the differences were statistically significant (t=18.89 and 4.95,both P<0.01).The slow wave amplitude of gastric antrum was higher than that of gastric body ((3.21±0.49) mV vs (1.67±0.89) mV) and the speed was also faster ((6.44±0.82) mm/s vs (4.94±0.20) mm/s);the differences were statistically significant (t=4.85 and 4.95,both P<0.05).The slow wave amplitude of gastric antrum was lower than that of pacemaker area ((3.21±0.49) mV vs (4.19±0.73) mV),and the difference was statistically significant (t =-3.67,P<0.05);however,there was no significant difference in wave velocity ((6.44±0.82) mm/s vs (7.24±1.37) mm/s,P>0.05).Conclusions The normal human gastric pacemaker is located in mid and upper corpus near the greater curvature,which produces slow wave and control whole gastric electrical activity.The amplitude and velocity of slow waves are in gradient changes in different gastric regions.HRM is a mature and reliable research method to study the spatio-temporal characteristics of gastric electrical activity,which provides the possibility for the study of abnormal gastric electrical activity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 602-606, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657433

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatio-temporal characteristics of normal gastric electrical activity.Methods From January 1st to February 29th,2016,fasting gastric electric slow wave signal was collected by high resolution mapping (HRM) under anesthesia before operation in patients without gastric lesions but needed laparoscopic surgery.Parameters of slow wave signal activity was calculated,gastric activity map and velocities was drawn and then spatio-temporal characteristics of gastric electrical activity of different part of the stomach were obtained.Independent sample t test was performed for comparison of two groups and one-way analysis of variance was used for multiple group comparisons.Results The normal gastric pacing zone located in the upper middle part of gastric body near greater curvature.Electrical activity of gastric body spread to gastric antrum along the long axis of the stomach.No slow signal was recorded in the gastric fundus and the gastric cardia.The frequencies of slow waves of different parts of gastric was same and the mean value was 2.61 ±0.11 cycle per minute.Compared with that of gastric body,the slow wave amplitude of gastric pacing zone was higher ((4.19±0.73) mV vs (1.67± 0.89) mV) and the speed was faster (7.24± 1.37) mm/s vs (4.94± 0.20) mm/s);the differences were statistically significant (t=18.89 and 4.95,both P<0.01).The slow wave amplitude of gastric antrum was higher than that of gastric body ((3.21±0.49) mV vs (1.67±0.89) mV) and the speed was also faster ((6.44±0.82) mm/s vs (4.94±0.20) mm/s);the differences were statistically significant (t=4.85 and 4.95,both P<0.05).The slow wave amplitude of gastric antrum was lower than that of pacemaker area ((3.21±0.49) mV vs (4.19±0.73) mV),and the difference was statistically significant (t =-3.67,P<0.05);however,there was no significant difference in wave velocity ((6.44±0.82) mm/s vs (7.24±1.37) mm/s,P>0.05).Conclusions The normal human gastric pacemaker is located in mid and upper corpus near the greater curvature,which produces slow wave and control whole gastric electrical activity.The amplitude and velocity of slow waves are in gradient changes in different gastric regions.HRM is a mature and reliable research method to study the spatio-temporal characteristics of gastric electrical activity,which provides the possibility for the study of abnormal gastric electrical activity.

8.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6)2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606661

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody on the colon cancer cells (HCT116) proliferation in vitro.Methods The DCs (dendritic cells) loaded with tumor cells (HCT116) antigens were activated by different methods.According to the activation method,the cells were divided into three groups:agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody group,blank control group and TNF-α positive control group.The cells were cultured for 7 days,and the expression rates of CD80,CD83,CD86 and HLA-DR on DC surface in each group were detected by flow cytometry.The concentration of cytokine IL-12(p70) in DCs culture supernatant was determined by ELISA kit.The proliferation activity of the T lymphocytes was evaluated by MTT (methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium).Then the inhibition rate of colon cancer HCT116 cells proliferation,which induced by the tumor-specific effector T lymphocytes,was assayed.Results Compared with the blank control group,the agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody group had a significantly higher expression rates of CD80,CD83,CD86 and HLA-DR on DC surface (P<0.05).The concentration of IL-12 in the supernatant of DC was also much higher in the agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody group (P<0.05,(716.80±53.43) pg/ml vs.(405.51 ±12.17) pg/ml).The DCs activated by CD40 monoclonal antibody had stronger ability to stimulate proliferation of T lymphocytes (P<0.05,the stimulation index was (2.006 2±0.438 3) to (1.365 0±0.209 8)).The tumor-specific CTLs induced by DCs in the agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody group had stronger ability to inhibit colon cancer HCT116 cells (P<0.05,the inhibition rate was (66.08±0.41)% vs.(46.60± 1.10)%).However,there was no statistical significance between the agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody group and the TNF-α positive control group (P>0.05).Conclusion Agonistic CD40 monoclonal antibody in vitro can promote activation and mature of DCs,then the activated DCs can induce the production of tumor-specific CTL,which can significantly inhibit the proliferation of colon cancer HCT116 cells.

9.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 352-358, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614398

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the impact of bowel preparation on postoperative complications of patients undergoing radical cystectomy(RC) with ileal conduit diversion(ICD) by meta-analysis.Methods All literature were collected from VIP,CNKI,WanFang Data,CBMdisc,Pubmed,Medline,Embase dated from inception to April 2016.Then literature were grouped into mechanical bowel preparation and nonmechanical bowel preparation,whose differences in the wound,intestinal function,infection and other complications were compared.Results Three RCTs,four cohort studies and 656 cases were taken into account.No statistical difference was observed in the wound infection,wound dehiscence,fascia dehiscence,intestinal obstruction,anastomosis fistula,intestinal fistula,urinary leakage,death of indicators between the two groups.Conclusion Preoperative mechanical bowel preparation did not reduce the occurrence of postoperative complications of the patients with RC undergoing ICD.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 40-42, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate radical gastrectomy combined with cholecystectomy for gastric cancer patients with concomitant gallbladder disease.Methods Clinical data of 702 gastric cancer patients undergoing radical gastrectomy (614 patients) only or combined with cholecystectomy during radical gastrectomy from October 2009 to September 2014 in our department was retrospectively analyzed.Results The operating time of patients with simultaneous cholecystectomy was(348 ± 111)min.the operating time of patients with radical gastrectomy only was (274 ± 89) min (t =3.812,P < 0.05).Perioperative and postoperative complications,hospitalization expenses and 5-year survival rates were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusions Radical gastrectomy with cholecystectomy for gastric cancer with gallbladder disease patients is safe and feasible.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 791-794, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503811

ABSTRACT

There is still a certain recurrence rate after extensive lymphadenectomy even to patients with node-negative gastric cancer.It promotes the researchers to use a more sensitive and effective way to track tumor cells which are missed,especially lymph node micrometastases.With the development of detection tech-nology,the diagnostic rate of micrometastasis is significantly increased.There are so many controversies about the impact of lymph node micrometastases that no consensus on the clinical treatment can be reached.In recent years,with the rise of endoscopic therapy,how to balance the relationship between the quality of life and the safety makes the research of micrometastases more urgent.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 845-848, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502832

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to compare the difference in the expression levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), vascular endotheli-al growth factor (VEGF), and the clinicopathological features among gastric carcinoma patients with and without hyperlipidemia and to assess whether hyperlipidemia promotes gastric carcinoma progression. Methods:We analyzed the PGE2 and VEGF serum levels and the VEGF expression in gastric carcinoma tissues in 102 gastric carcinoma patients. The PGE2 and VEGF serum levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the VEGF expression in gastric carcinoma tissues was detected by SABC immunohistochemi-cal staining. Results:Among the 102 gastric carcinoma patients, 49 patients had hyperlipidemia, and 53 did not have the condition. The PGE2 and VEGF expressions in the serum and the VEGF expression in gastric carcinoma tissues were higher in hyperlipidemic pa-tients than in those without hyperlipidemia (P<0.05). The degrees of differentiation, depths of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM staging in the two groups also showed statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusion:Hyperlipidemia possibly contributes to the pro-gression of gastric carcinoma by upregulating the PGE2 and VEGF expressions.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 753-758, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286730

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical value of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) and modified Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (mE-PASS) scoring systems in predicting the mortality and surgical risk of gastric cancer patients, and to analyze the relationship between the parameters of E-PASS and early postoperative complications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 778 gastric cancer patients who underwent elective surgical resection in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from Jan. 2010 to Jan. 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. E-PASS and mE-PASS scoring systems were used to predict the mortality of gastric cancer patients, respectively. Univariate and unconditioned logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between nine parameters of E-PASS system and early postoperative complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>E-PASS and mE-PASS systems were used to predict the mortality in the death group and non-death group. The Z value was -5.067 and -4.492, respectively, showing a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). AUCs of mortality predicted by E-PASS and mE-PASS were 0.926 and 0.878 (P>0.05), and the prediction calibration of postoperative mortality showed statistically non-significant difference (P>0.05) between the E-PASS and mE-PASS prediction and actual mortality. Univariate analysis showed that age, operation time, severe heart disease, severe lung disease, diabetes mellitus, physical state index and ASA classification score are related to postoperative complications (P<0.05 for all). Unconditioned logistic regression analysis showed that severe lung disease, diabetes mellitus, ASA classification score and operation time are risk factors for early postoperative complications (P<0.05 for all).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both mE-PASS and E-PASS scoring system have good consistency in the predicting postoperative mortality and actual mortality, and both are suitable for clinical application. Moreover, the mE-PASS scoring system is clinically more simple and convenient than E-PASS scoring system. Preoperative severe lung disease, diabetes mellitus, ASA classification score and operation time are independent factors affecting the early postoperative complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Age Factors , Area Under Curve , Diabetes Complications , Elective Surgical Procedures , Homeostasis , Lung Diseases , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Mortality , Postoperative Period , Predictive Value of Tests , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Methods , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Stress, Physiological
14.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 484-485,486, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604860

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the metabolic profile of uric acid and the significance of the altered renal expression of urate trans-porter 1(URAT1) in patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis. Methods The data of 24 patients in our hospital from January 2012 to October 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. Participants in the research were divided into three groups:patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis,other patients with nephrolithiasis and normal participants. The basic clinical data and the related data of uric acid metabolition of participants were collected,URAT1 gene expression in renal tissures of three groups was detected by Real-time PCR technique. All data were statistically ana-lyzed and compared between these groups. Results Uric acid levels in plasma,body mass index and age were significantly higher in patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis than other two groups (P0. 05). The result of Real-time PCR suggested that the URAT1 renal expression was significantly higher in patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis than other two groups (P<0. 05). Conculusion Patients with uric acid nephrolithiasis are closely related with hyperuricemia,but unrelated with renal over-ex-cretion of uric acid. The upregulated URAT1 expression in the kidney may be an important molecular mechanism of the clinical features.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 89-91, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468786

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis in patients with node-negative gastric cancer.Methods Between January 2004 and December 2013,clinicopathological characteristics of 300 patients with node-negative gastric cancer who underwent radical gastrectomy in Tianjin Medical University General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Results The 1-,3-,and 5-year overall survival rates for patients with node-negative gastric cancer was 80%,69% and 63% respectively.The univariate analysis showed that tumor size,histologic type and depth of invasion had significant effects on the survival (P < 0.05).Multivariate analysis for these factors showed that tumor size (RR:1.800,95 % CI:1.120-2.891,P =0.015),histologic type (RR:1.982,95 % CI:1.291-3.042,P =0.002) and depth of invasion (RR:1.464,95% CI:1.213-1.767,P =0.000) were independent prognostic survival factors.Conclusions Tumor size,histologic type and depth of invasion are important prognostic factors of patients with node-negative gastric cancer.

16.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 474-476, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499980

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of retroperitoneal laparoscopic pyelolithotomy ( RLP) combined with holmium laser lithotripsy under flexible cystoscopy in the treatment of complicated nephrolithiasis. Methods The retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 37 patients who underwent RLP and holmium laser lithotripsy under flexible cystoscopy for complicated nephrolithiasis from January 2013 to January 2014. The clinic parameters involved basic data of patients,operational time,blood loss,post-operative hospital stay,the status of stone-free,perioperative complications,and the follow-up data of patients were observed. Results No patient was converted to open surgery. The mean stone size was (2. 8 ± 0. 9) cm in diameter,operational time was (89 ± 24) min,blood loss was (21. 3 ± 7. 7) mL,post-operative hospital stay was (6. 8 ± 1. 7) d,the stone removal rate in one session was 94. 6%. One case occurred urinary leakage,1 case occurred fever after operation,who were all recovered through conservative treatment. All cases were followed up at the sixth months after operation. Conclusion RLP combined with holmium laser lithotripsy under flexible cystoscopy is effective and safe for the treatment of com-plicated nephrolithiasis.

17.
International Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 36-38,52,后插6, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598839

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effect of molecular chimeric mice pre-T cells on proliferation ability of allogeneic mouse T cells.Methods The MHC-Ⅰ gene (H-2Kband H-2Db gene) were extracted and amplified by RT-PCR,the identified pre-T cells were transfected by the constructed eukaryotic expression vector of C57BL/6mouse MHC-I (pIRES-H-2Db and pIRES-H-2Kb),non-transfected group and sham pIRES-transfected control group were set.The molecular chimeric cells were transfused back to BALB/c mouse.After 7 days,T lymphocyte cells of each group were extracted,the ability of molecular chimeric cells inducing spleen T lymphocyte response to allogeneic T cells was observed through mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC).Results Sequencing of the plasmid we have constructed showed that insertion sequence contained C57BL/6 mice H-2Kb and H-2Db series which could be retrieved from GenBank.The result of flow cytometry analysis indicated that H-2Kb and H-2Db protein had an increased expression in pre-T cells,the difference with other two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).The result of MLC demonstrated that the stimulation index (SI) of T lymphocyte in co-injection transfected pIRES-H-2Kb and pIRES-H-2Db pre-T cells group (0.764±0.074) were significantly decreased compared with non-transfected group(0.983±0.081)and sham pIRES-transfected group(0.994±0.142) (P<0.05).Conclusions The molecular chimeric pre-T cells infusion can reduce spleen T lymphocyte response to allogeneic T cells and it may induce immune tolerance in vivo.

18.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 298-302, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431167

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of CD4+CD25+Treg cell on the allograft after infusion of dendritic cells (DCs) with low expression of CD40 from donor in mouse heart transplantation.Methods In vitro,mouse bone marrow-derived DCs were infected by CD40-RNAi lentiviral vector,and tolerogenic DCs (Tol-DCs) with low expression of CD40 were prepared.A heterotopic abdominal heart transplantation model was established in mice,and the other three groups that were control group,noninfected DC group and lentivirus infected DC group were designed correspondingly.Cardiac allograft survival time was recorded and pathological grading for acute rejection was assessed on the 7 d after heterotopic abdominal heart transplantation.Concentrations of CD4+CD25+Treg cells in peripheral blood were analyzed before and after transplantation by flow cytometry.Results After 48 h infection of DCs by CD40-RNAi lentiviral vector in vitro,the expression of CD40 mRNA was down-regulated significantly,whose inhibition rate was 80.9%.The expression of CD40 was decreased from 74.37% ±4.08% to 40.07% ± 4.03% (P<0.05) after 48 h infection.Compared with the control group and the noninfected DC group,the cardiac allograft survival time was significantly prolonged in the CD40-RNAi lentivirus infected DC group,which was (14 ± 4) d(P<0.01) ; concentrations of CD4+CD25+Treg cells in peripheral blood were increased both on the 3 d and the 7 d after transplantation (P<0.05) ; the pathological grading for acute rejection was decreased on the 7 d after transplantation (P<0.05).Conclusion The CD4+CD25+Treg cell in peripheral blood was protective to cardiac allograft in prolonging its survival time in mouse heart transplantation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 488-491, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387700

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of blocking CD40/CD40L costimulatory pathway by the lentiviral vector-mediated RNA interference on the survival of mouse cardiac allograft. Methods Mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) were infected by CD40-RNAi lentiviral vector in vitro, and tolerogenic DCs (Tol-DCs) with decreased CD40 expression were prepared. Fluorescence real-time quantitative PCR and flow cytometry were used to analyze the expression of CD40 mRNA and DC surface antigens CD40, CD11c, MHC Ⅱ before and after infection. Mouse model of heterotropic abdominal heart transplantation was established. Seven days prior to heart transplantation, Tol-DCs with decreased CD40 expression were transfused into recipient mice intravenously (lentivirus infected DC group). Control group and non-infected DC group were assigned simultaneously. The survival of cardiac allograft was monitored and pathological grade of acute rejection 7 days after heterotropic abdominal heart transplantation was determined. Results The transcription of CD40 mRNA of DCs was down-regulated significantly at 48 h after CD40-RNAi lentiviral vector infection, and the inhibition rate was 80. 9%. The expression of CD40 protein was also significantly decreased as compared with control group (40. 07% ± 4. 03% ) ( P < 0. 05 ).Compared to control group (8 ± 2 days) and non-infected DC group (9 ± 1 days), the survival time of cardiac allograft in CD40-RNAi lentivirus infected DC group (14 ± 4 days) was significantly prolonged (P< 0. 05 ), and the pathological grade of acute rejection decreased significantly ( P < 0. 05 ).Conclusion Blocking CD40/CD40L costimulatory pathway could hamper the activation of allogeneic T lymphocyte, inhibit the acute rejection and prolong the survival of mouse cardiac allograft.

20.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 234-238, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379975

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the mouse CD40 RNA interfering(RNAi) lentiviral vector and prepare dendritic cells (DCs) with low expression of CD40. And to explore the mechanism of inducing T lymphocyte incompetence by blocking CD40/CD40L costimulatory pathway. Methods Mouse myeloid DCs were cultured in selective medium containing necessary cytokines for DC growth in vitro. CD40 RNAi gene was transfected into DCs with lentiviral vector. The expression levels of CD40 mRNA and protein were assayed by real-time quantitative PCR and flow cytometry respectively. The influences on DCs stimulating the proliferation ability of T lymphocyte were observed through mixed lymphocyte culture(MLC). Results Myeloid DCs have been harvested from mouse through cell culture in vitro. A mouse CD40 RNAi ientiviral vector was built successfully. The lentiviral titer was 8×10~9 TU/ml. The CD40 mRNA inhibition rate after infection was significantly higher(P<0.05). The CD40 protein expression of DCs was significandy lower(P<0.05). The result of MLC demonstrated that the index of stimulation to T lymphocyte of CD40 RNAi transfected DC significantly decreased compared with non-transfected DC and empty plasmid transfected DC(P< 0.01). Conclusion Large quantity of myeloid DCs with typical histological configuration are obtained through in vitro culture in selective medium which may activate naive T lymphocyte to generate immune response. While DCs were infected by CD40 RNAi lentiviral vector, CD40 protein expression was inhibited significantly. The DCs could hamper the activation of allogeneic T lymphocyte by blocking CD40/CD40L cestimulatory pathway and induce T cell allergy. This will make the good foundation for studying the immune tolerance of CD40 RNAi.

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