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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 502-506, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of total anatomical reconstruction (TAR) during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) .Methods:The clinical data of 99 patients with RARP performed by a single doctor in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 38 patients in the TAR+ vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) group and 61 patients in the VUA group. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the age of patients [ 65.5 (60.8, 71.0) years vs. 66.0 (61.5, 69.0) years], body mass index[ (24.92±2.65) kg/m 2 vs. (25.51±2.80) kg/m 2], prostate volume [28.13 (25.21, 36.53) ml vs. 26.33 (19.75, 47.84) ml], PSA [15.67 (9.02, 31.49) ng/ml vs. 14.58 (9.23, 30.06) ng/ml], neoadjuvant therapy [50.0% (19/38) vs. 63.9% (39/61)], Gleason score (6/7/8/9-10 scores: 8/16/5/9 cases vs. 16/25/9/11 cases) and clinical T stage (T 1/T 2/T 3 stage: 4/29/5 cases vs. 3/53/5 cases)(all P>0.05). The TAR technique was performed as follows. ①The two layers of posterior reconstruction involved the residual Denonvilliers fascia, the striated sphincter and medial dorsal raphe (MDR), and the vesicoprostatic muscle (VPM), the fascia which was 1-2 cm from the cranial side of the bladder neck and MDR. ②The one layer of anterior reconstruction involved detrusor apron, tissues around the urethra and the visceral and parietal layers of the endoplevic fascia. The VUA technique was suturing the bladder neck and urethra consecutively. Perioperative indexes were compared between the two groups. Results:All 99 operations were successfully completed. There were no statistically significant differences between the TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in operation time [ (174.16±47.21) min vs. (188.70±45.39) min], blood loss [ 50 (50, 100) ml vs. 100 (50, 100) ml], incidence of postoperative complications [10.5% (4/38) vs. 14.8% (9/61)], phathological T stage [pT 2/pT 3~4 stage: 25/12 cases vs. 42/19 cases, P=0.895], and the time of indwelling catheter [ 21.0 (19.0, 21.0) d vs. 21.0 (21.0, 21.0) d] (all P>0.05). The difference in postoperative length of stay between the two groups was statistically significant[6.0 (5.0, 6.0) d vs. 7.0 (6.0, 7.5)d, P<0.001]. Follow-up was performed for 1 year after surgery. The recovery rate of urinary continence 3 months after surgery in TAR+ VUA and VUA groups were 86.8% (33/38) vs. 65.6% (40/61), which were statistically significant( P=0.019). There were no significant differences between TAR+ VUA and VUA groups in recovery rate of urinary continence 1 months after surgery [47.4% (18/38) vs. 45.9% (28/61)], 6 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 85.2% (52/61)], and 12 months after surgery [94.7% (36/38) vs. 93.4% (57/61)] (all P>0.05). Conclusions:TAR technique has good surgical safety, and can promote recovery of early urinary continence after RARP.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 211-217, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare the whole bladder acellular matrix (BAM) using the self-designed perfusion decellularization system, and evaluate the feasibility of constructing the tissue engineering bladder with the adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs).Methods:This study was conducted from October 2020 to April 2021. The self-designed perfusion decellularization system was used, and four different decellularization protocols (group A, group B, group C and group D) were formulated, according to the flow direction of the perfusate and the action time of different decellularization solutions. Among them, the urethral orifice of the bladder tissue was used as the outflow tract of the perfusion fluid in groups A and B. The top of the bladder was cut off and used as the outflow tract of the perfusion fluid in groups C and D. In groups A and C, 1% Triton X-100 was treated for 6 h, and 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was treated for 2 h. In groups B and D, 1% Triton X-100 was treated for 7 h, and 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) was treated for 1 h. In addition, the tissue in the normal bladder group was directly obtained from the natural bladder tissue, which did not require perfusion, cryopreservation and thawing. The fast and efficient decellularization protocol was screened out through HE, DAPI, Masson trichrome and Alcian Blue staining and quantitative analyses to prepare the whole bladder scaffold. The prepared BAM was used as the scaffold material, and the ADSCs were used as the seeding cells to construct the tissue engineering bladder. HE and DAPI staining were used to observe the distribution of ADSCs on the BAM.Results:HE and DAPI staining showed that there was no obvious nuclear residue in the group C. Masson trichrome and Alcian Blue staining showed that the collagen structure and glycosaminoglycan were well preserved in the group C. There was no significant difference in bladder wall thickness between the group C and the normal bladder group [(975.44±158.62)μm vs.(1 064.49±168.52)μm, P > 0.05]. The DNA content in the group C [(43.59 ±4.59) ng/mg] was lower than that in the normal bladder group, group A, group B and group D [(532.50±26.69), (135.17±6.99), (182.49±13.69) and(84.00±4.38)ng/mg], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The collagen content [(10.98 ± 0.29)μg/mg] and glycosaminoglycan content [(2.30±0.18)μg/mg] in group C were not significantly different with those in the normal bladder group [(11.69±0.49) and (2.36±0.09)μg/mg, P>0.05]. Scanning electron microscopy showed that a large number of pore structures could be observed on the surface of the prepared BAM in groups A-D and were facilitated to cell adhesion. The isolated and cultured ADSCs were identified by flow cytometry to confirm the positive expression of CD90 and CD29, and the negative expression of CD45 and CD106. Live/dead staining and CCK-8 detection confirmed that the prepared BAM in the group C had no cytotoxicity. HE and DAPI staining showed that a large number of ADSCs were distributed on the surface and inside of the tissue engineering bladder. Conclusions:The whole bladder shape BAM prepared by the self-designed perfusion decellularization system could be used as the scaffold material for bladder tissue engineering, and the constructed tissue engineering bladder could be used for bladder repair and reconstruction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 778-785, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993919

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of tissue engineered bladder patch constructed by double-layer silk scaffold and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in the repair and reconstruction of bladder.Methods:This study was conducted from May 2020 to March 2021. The silk fibroin (SF) aqueous solution was obtained from silkworm cocoons, and a double-layer silk scaffold composed of silk fibroin film and silk fibroin sponge was further prepared. The rat ADSCs were isolated, cultured, and the ADSCs surface markers (CD29, CD90, CD45, CD106) were identified by flow cytometry. The ADSCs were planted on a double-layer silk scaffold to construct a tissue-engineered bladder patch. Thirty-six male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: tissue engineered bladder patch group (SF-ADSCs group, n=15), double-layer silk scaffold group (SF group, n=15), control group ( n=6). The tissue engineered bladder patch (SF-ADSCs group) and double-layer silk scaffold (SF group) were wrapped on the omentum to promote vascularization. The vascularization was evaluated by HE and immunofluorescence staining. The wrapped tissue engineered bladder patch and double-layer silk scaffold were used to repair the defective bladder. In the control group (six rats), the incision was closed immediately after the bladder tissue fully exposed. At 4 weeks and 12 weeks after operation, the general morphology of bladder tissue and cystography were performed to evaluate the recovery of bladder morphology. After the graft was harvested, HE and Masson's trichrome staining and immunofluorescence staining were used to observe the regeneration of bladder wall tissue. Urodynamics was used to assess the recovery of bladder function at 12 weeks after operation. Results:The flow cytometry results confirmed that the isolated cells positively expressed CD29 and CD90, and there was no significant expression of CD45 and CD106. Gross observation and scanning electron microscope confirmed that the preparation of double-layer silk scaffold not only had a pore structure that was conducive to cell planting, but also had good toughness and was facilitated to surgical suture. The number (43.50±2.66) and area (0.73±0.03)% of vascular-like structures in the SF-ADSCs group after the omentum encapsulation was significantly higher than that in the SF group [(24.50±3.51), (0.55±0.05)%], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). At 4 weeks after bladder repair, the histological staining of the grafts in the SF-ADSCs and SF groups showed a large number of degraded fragments of double-layer silk scaffold. At 12 weeks, the morphology of the graft in the SF-ADSCs group showed uniform bladder morphology, which was similar to that of normal bladder tissue. Immunofluorescence staining showed that the continuous urothelial layer, abundant smooth muscle tissue, vascular structure and regenerated neurons could be observed in the SF-ADSCs group. Urodynamic test showed that the bladder maximum volume (0.74±0.03)ml and compliance (16.68±0.44)μl/cm H 2O in the SF-ADSCs group, which were better than that in the SF group [(0.47±0.05)ml, (14.89±0.37)μl/cm H 2O], but lower than that in the control group [(1.12±0.08)ml, (19.34±0.45)μl/cm H 2O], and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The tissue engineered bladder patch constructed with double-layer silk scaffolds and ADSCs could promote the morphological repair of bladder tissue, the regeneration of bladder wall structure and the recovery of bladder physiological function.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 473-477, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932269

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with massive use of high-lethal weapons in the battlefield, explosion injuries have gradually increased and mainly present as multiple trauma. War wound of bladder is often complicated with other tissue or organ injuries, which brings difficulty in quick and accurate diagnosis of war wound of bladder. When the bladder is severely damaged, the traditional treatment is to reconstruct the bladder with the stomach or intestines, but a series of complications may develop. With the rapid development of tissue engineering in recent years, tissue-engineered bladder is expected to provide a new idea for bladder replacement in wartime. The authors review the incidence rate, injury mechanism and clinical diagnosis and treatment methods of war wound of bladder, in order to provide references for improving the treatment of war wound.

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 213-217, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in treatment of high-risk multiple myeloma (MM) patients and its influencing factors of the prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 44 high-risk MM patients treated with allo-HSCT in Changzheng Hospital Affiliated of Naval Military Medical University from April 2003 to March 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The overall response rate (ORR), relapse rate, non-relapse-related death (NRM) rate, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) incidence of patients were also analyzed. Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the overall survival (OS) rate and progression-free survival (PFS) rate after transplantation. Cox proportional hazard model was used to make regression analysis of the factors affecting the prognosis.Results:Among 44 patients, 38 cases could be evaluated for efficacy after transplantation. The median follow-up time was 111 months (0-216) months, 22 cases survived, 22 cases died, 21 cases relapsed. Before transplantation, complete remission (CR) rate was 29.5%(13/44), very good partial remission(VGPR) rate was 45.5%(20/44), partial remission (PR) rate was 22.7% (10/44), stable disease (SD) rate was 2.3% (1/44); After transplantation, CR rate was 71.7%(27/38), VGPR rate was 13.2% (5/38), PR rate was 13.2% (5/38), the progression of the disease (PD) rate 2.6% (1/38). The 5-year OS rate and PFS rate was 51.8% and 47.8%, the 10-year OS rate and PFS rate was 51.3% and 43.1%, respectively; the 5-year and 10-year cumulative disease relapse rate was 38.6% and 45.4%, the 5-year cumulative NRM rate was 25.0%. Acute GVHD rate was 38.6% (17/44) and grade 3-4 acute GVHD rate was 6.8% (3/44); chronic GVHD rate was 27.3% (12/44). Cox univariate and multivariate analysis showed that the use of bortezomib before transplantation ( HR = 3.461, 95% CI 1.211-9.880, P = 0.020) and post-transplant infection ( HR = 0.283, 95% CI 0.098-0.819, P = 0.020) were independent factors affecting OS after transplantation. Conclusions:Allo-HSCT can overcome the high-risk factors of MM and is worth to try for high-risk MM patients. The use of bortezomib before transplantation and post-transplant infection can be important factors affecting OS after transplantation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 518-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the positive surgical margin and clinical factors such as neoadjuvant hormonal therapy after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) in high-risk patients with prostate cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 164 patients with high-risk prostate cancer being performed RARP by one surgeon were analyzed retrospectively in our hospital from January 2016 to January 2022. The mean patient’s age was (65.3±6.2) years old, mean body mass index (BMI) was (25.6±3.0) kg/m 2, the median value of total prostate specific antigen (tPSA) before operation was 18.6(11.3, 31.3)ng/ml, the median value of Gleason score before operation was 7 (7, 8), the median value of prostate volume was 29.3 (22.4, 40.2) ml, and the clinical stage was T 2aN 0M 0-T 4N 0M 0. 80 patients with prostate cancer were treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy. All of them were treated with complete androgen blockade with a median course of 3 months. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the correlation between age, BMI, prostate volume, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA, clinical stage, Gleason score before operation and positive surgical margin. Then multivariate logistic regression was used to further analyze the independent risk factor of positive surgical margin after RARP. Results:The postoperative pathological diagnosis included pT 2 stage in 111 cases (67.7%), pT 3a stage in 15 cases (9.1%), pT 3b stage in 25 cases (15.2%), pT 4 stage in 13 cases (7.9%). No lymph node metastasis was noticed in all patients. The Gleason scores included 6 in 11 cases (6.7%), 3+ 4 in 26 cases (15.9%), 4+ 3 in 36 cases (22.0%), 8 in 17 cases (10.4%), 9-10 in 24 cases (14.6%), un-evaluation due to endocrine therapy in 50 (30.5%). The positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer was 44.5% (73/164). Univariate analysis showed that the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, tPSA and clinical stage were correlated with positive surgical margin ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of high-risk patients with prostate cancer. Stratified analysis showed that when the preoperative tPSA was 10-20 ng/ml(21.1% vs.55.9%, P=0.014), the clinical stage was T 2c(29.6% vs.49.1%, P=0.040), the Gleason score before operation was 7(19.4% vs.54.1%, P=0.003), the positive surgical margin of high-risk patients in the neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group was significantly lower than that in the non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Non-neoadjuvant hormonal therapy, preoperative tPSA>20 ng/ml and clinical stage>T 2b were independent risk factors for positive surgical margin of RARP in the high-risk patients with prostate cancer. For high-risk patients with preoperative tPSA of 10-20 ng/ml, clinical stage of T 2c and Gleason score before operation of 7, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy has important clinical significance in reducing the positive surgical margin of RARP.

7.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 639-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939633

ABSTRACT

For the damage and loss of tissues and organs caused by urinary system diseases, the current clinical treatment methods have limitations. Tissue engineering provides a therapeutic method that can replace or regenerate damaged tissues and organs through the research of cells, biological scaffolds and biologically related molecules. As an emerging manufacturing technology, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology can accurately control the biological materials carrying cells, which further promotes the development of tissue engineering. This article reviews the research progress and application of 3D bioprinting technology in tissue engineering of kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Finally, the main current challenges and future prospects are discussed.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Regeneration , Technology , Tissue Engineering/methods
8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 834-838, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911129

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the technical points and clinical effect of thulium fiber laser lobes-enucleation of the prostate (ThuLLEP).Methods:A total of 90 patients underwent ThuLLEP and plasmakinetic enucleation of prostate (PKEP) in our hospital from November 2018 to December 2020 were collected. The age of patients in the two groups was (67.7±6.8) years and (65.7±7.1) years, the prostate volume was 56.0 (46.0-83.5) ml and 61.0 (53.5-79.5) ml, the serum PSA was 3.6 (2.2-6.0) ng/ml and 4.4 (1.8-7.3) ng/ml, the international prostate symptom score (IPSS) was 27 (22-31) and 28 (23-30), the quality of life score (QOL) was 5 (5-6) and 5 (5-6), the maximum urinary flow rate (Q max) was (8.5±5.7) ml/s and (7.8±3.8) ml/s, the post-void residual volume (PVR) was 127 (47-250) ml and 100 (27-209) ml. The differences had no statistical significance ( P>0.05). The glands were bluntly dissected to establish the surgical capsule plane on both sides of the verumontanum after the verumontanum being located. And then the middle lobe was removed. The glands formed grooves at 12 o'clock after vaporization, which served as anatomical marker. The left and right lobes were removed step by step. Finally, tissue crushing was performed. The PKEP group was enucleated by three lobes enucleation. Perioperative indicators were compared between the two groups. Results:All the operations were completed successfully. The median operative time in ThuLLEP and PKEP groups was 60 (50-73) minutes and 75 (60-100) minutes, the postoperative bladder irrigation time was 2.8 (2.3-3.6) d and 3.8 (2.6-4.7) d, the catheter indwelling time was 4.1 (3.7-4.9) d and 4.9 (4.7-6.0) d, the postoperative hospital stay was 5 (4-6) d and 6 (5-7) d. The decreased hemoglobin was 8.0 (1.5-14.5) g/L and 15.0 (6.5-21.0) g/L. The differences had statistical significance ( P<0.05). Follow-up was performed for 6 months after surgery. The median IPSS score of the two groups was 5 (2-11) and 6 (3-9), the QOL score was 1 (1-2) and 1 (1-2) respectively, which had statistical significance compared with the preoperative parameters ( P<0.05), but no statistical significance between the two groups ( P>0.05). The ThuLLEP group had 1 case of postoperative blood transfusion, 1 case of transient urinary incontinence and 2 cases of urethral stricture. The PKEP group had 1 case of fever and blood transfusion, 3 cases of transient urinary incontinence and 3 cases of urethral stricture. Conclusions:ThuLLEP has definite clinical effect because of less bleeding, quicker recovery and fewer complications. The relatively simple operation steps are beneficial for beginners to master.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 166-170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882258

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of venetoclax-based therapy on relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) patients harboring t(11;14).Methods:The data of a relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) treated with venetoclax-based regimen admitted to Shanghai Changzheng Hospital in June 2019 was retrospectively analyzed and the literatures were reviewed.Results:The relapsed/refractory MM patient harboring t(11;14) had progression of disease after 3 lines of therapies, and then was treated with the selective bcl-2 inhibitor venetoclax combined with daratumumab and dexamethasone. As a result, the patient achieved partial remission and better hemogram recovery. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score of physical status decreased from 3 to 1, and the quality of life was improved significantly.Conclusions:The relapsed/refractory MM patients harboring t(11;14) could benefit from venetoclax-based therapy. In the future, the safety, sensitivity and other performances of venetoclax in the treatment of MM should be further explored.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 692-697, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of ureteral decellularized matrix (UDM) coating on the differentiation of adipose stem cells.Methods:From January 2018 to October 2019, UDM was prepared by perfusion method. H&E staining, DAPI staining, and DNA quantification were used to assessment the residues of cellular component in UDM and normal ureter; Masson′s trichrome staining and collagen quantification evaluated the collagen retention in UDM and normal ureter; the distribution and content of glycosaminoglycan in UDM and normal ureter were analyzed through Alcian Blue staining and glycosaminoglycan quantification. Canine adipose mesenchymal stem cells (cADMSCs) were isolated and cultured and identified by flow cytometry. The UDM was digested by pepsin enzyme to prepare the decellularized matrix coating as the experimental group. Type Ⅰ rat tail collagen coating was used as a control group. The cADMSCs were seeded on different coatings, and the differentiation of the cADMSCs was detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western Blot.Results:H&E and DAPI staining showed that the nuclear residue was not observed in the UDM. The DNA quantification demonstrated that the DNA content in UDM [(38.87±3.40) ng/mg] was significantly lower than that in the normal ureter group [(1 694.63±169.83) ng/mg, P<0.05]. Masson′s trichrome staining and collagen quantification confirmed that the collagen content in UDM [(265.89 ± 16.40) μg/mg] was no significantly different from the normal ureter group [(288.73 ± 16.32) μg/mg, P>0.05]. Alcian Blue staining showed the distribution of glycosaminoglycan in the UDM, and glycosaminoglycan quantification suggested that the content of glycosaminoglycan in the UDM [(1.57 ± 0.19) μg/mg] was lower than that in the normal ureter group [(3.43 ± 0.12) μg/mg] ( P<0.05). Immunofluorescence staining and Western Blot confirmed that the expression of Alpha-smooth muscle Actin (α-SMA) in the experimental group (2.51 ± 0.27, 3.68 ± 0.33, 4.91 ± 0.45) was higher than that in the control group (0.97±0.09, 1.02 ± 0.10, 1.00 ± 0.11) at 3 d, 7 d, 10 d ( P<0.05). The expression of α-SMA in the experimental group increased gradually with culture time ( P<0.05). While no changing of α-SMA expression in the control group was recordered. Conclusions:The prepared UDM removed the cellular components, and retained the collagen structure and bioactive components well; the ureter decellularized matrix coating could promote the differentiation of cADMSCs to smooth muscle cells.

11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1112-1118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features of severe or critical ill adult patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 75 patients with severe or critical COVID-19 in Honghu People's Hospital from January to March in 2020 were collected.@*RESULTS@#Of the 75 patients with COVID-19 pneumonia, 41 were male (54.67%) and 34 were female (45.33%) with a mean age of 67.53 ±12.37 years; 43 patients had severe and 32 had critical COVID-19, and 49.3% of the patients had underlying diseases. The main clinical manifestations included fever (78.67%) and coughing (70.67%). Compared with the severe patients, the critically ill patients had higher proportions of patients over 60 years old with elevated white blood cell count, increased prothrombin time, and higher levels of hsCRP, PCT, D-dimer, ALT, LDH, cTnI and NT-proBNP. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that an age over 60 years, leukocytosis, hs-CRP elevation, prolonged prothrombin time, and increased levels of D-dimer, NT-proBNP and cTnI were associated with severe COVID-19. Multivariate logistic regression showed that an age over 60 years (OR=8.165, 95% : 1.483-45.576, =0.017), prolonged prothrombin time (OR=7.516, 95% : 2.568-21.998, =0.006) and elevated NT-proBNP (OR=6.194, 95% : 1.305-29.404, =0.022) were independent risk factors for critical type of COVID-19.@*CONCLUSIONS@#An age over 60 years, a prolonged prothrombin time and elevated NT-proBNP level are important clinical features of critically ill patients with COVID-19, and can be deemed as early warning signals for critical conditions of the disease.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Critical Illness , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science ; (12): 848-852, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821787

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the significance of serum free light chain (sFLC) for the prognosis of the patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM). @*Methods@#The clinical data of 621 NDMM patients in Changzheng Hospital from June 2010 to December 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. The serum free light chain levels were measured and the ratios of κ/λ chains were calculated. The significance of serum free light chain ratio (sFLCR) for the prognosis of NDMM patients was analyzed. @*Results@#Among the 621 NDMM patients, 42 patients (6.8%) were in the normal free light chain ratio group (0.26≤sFLCR≤1.65), 247 patients (39.8%) were in the low free light chain ratio group (0.01<sFLCR<0.26 or 1.65<sFLCR<100), and 332 patients (53.5%) were in the high free light chain ratio group (sFLCR≤0.01 or sFLCR≥100). Compared with normal sFLCR group, the abnormal sFLCR group showed low level of hemoglobin; elevated levels of bone marrow plasma cells, serum creatinine and β 2 -MG, and more patients were in DS stage Ⅲ and ISS stage Ⅲ with high risks of cytogenetics(all P<0.05). The overall survival (OS) in the normal sFLCR group was significantly better than the abnormol sFLCR groups (not reached vs 58.7 months, P=0.043). Compared with the patients with both high sFLCR and low risks of cytogenetics, the patients with high sFLCR and high risks of cytogenetics showed shorter overall survival time (median OS time was 41.6 months vs 61.4 months, P=0.015). @*Conclusion@#The NDMM patients with significantly abnormal sFLCR may indicate more tumor load and higher aggressive progression. sFLCR should be an independent prognostic indicator for the outcome of multiple myeloma. The patients with high sFLCR and cytogenetic abnormalities, have worse prognosis than the others.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 321-326, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805077

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prognostic value of serum free light chain ratio (rFLC) and difference (dFLC) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) .@*Methods@#Clinical data of 479 cases of newly diagnosed MM patients with FLC test records referred to our hospital from January 2012 to March 2016 were collected. rFLC preferred cut-off values were selected as≤14.828,14.828-364.597, ≥364.597 according to the literatures. The dFLC was divided into ≤112.85,112.85-2891.83, ≥2891.83 mg/L three groups. The rFLC and dFLC values among the death, the non-death, the progress and the non-progress groups were compared by t test. The correlation analysis showed that the rFLC and dFLC values were related to the death or progression of the disease. Logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between each factor and death or progression. Univariate survival analysis (PFS) and total survival (OS) were performed using Kaplan-Meier. Single-variable and multivariate prognostic analysis were performed using Cox model.@*Results@#The cutoff values of rFLC less than 14.828 or dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L impacted most significant on OS and PFS of the patients (P<0.05) . Different rFLC cut-off values between two groups showed that when rFLC=14.828, OS was significantly better than the other two groups (NR vs 61 & 47 months, P=0.019) ; different dFLC cut-off values between two groups disclosed that PFS and OS were statistically significant when dFLC less than or equal to 112.85 mg/L compared with the other two groups (P<0.05) . The 4-year PFS/OS rates in the initial dFLC≤112.85 mg/L and rFLC≤14.828 groups was significantly higher than of the other two groups.@*Conclusion@#Different cutoff levels of rFLC and dFLC might have obviously effects on the prognoses of patients with newly diagnosed MM. The difference of survival prognosis would be more pronounced when rFLC≤14.828 or dFLC≤112.85 mg/L with lower risk of death and lower risk ratio, which might be ideal cutoff value for determining the prognosis of these patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 918-923, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801366

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze and explore the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with "double hit" multiple myeloma (MM) .@*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 89 MM patients in our department of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital from 2010-2016. All patients were assayed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and TP53 gene sequencing, based on Dr. Walker BA proposed the "double hit" MM concept, and then the clinical features and prognosis were evaluated.@*Results@#In the results, 15 (16.85%) cases harbored "double hit" showed the median PFS of 8.4 months and the median OS 22.2 months, which was significantly lower than non-"double hit" patients with median PFS 14.2 months and the median OS 39.2 months, respectively (P<0.05) . Multivariate analysis displayed that the "double hit" was an independent poor prognostic factor on PFS (HR=2.171, 95%CI 1.206-3.907, P=0.010) and OS (HR=4.106, 95%CI 2.116-7.969, P<0.001) . Moreover, "double hit" MM patients had the higher adverse prognosis risk, which showed the shorter median OS and PFS than stage III of R-ISS patients (PFS 8.4 vs 11.8 months; OS 22.2 vs 24.3 months, P<0.05, respectively) .@*Conclusion@#Patients with "double hit" MM have a very poor clinical prognosis. Prospective clinical studies are urgently needed to improve these extra high risk patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 475-479, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808910

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the prognostic value of revised international staging system (R-ISS) for multiple myeloma (MM) in real world.@*Methods@#A total of 202 newly diagnosis symptomatic MM patients were enrolled from May 2010 to April 2015 and the clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients received at least four courses of bortezomib-based or thalidomide-based induction therapy.@*Results@#With a median follow-up of 31 months, the cohort included 56 cases in R-ISSⅠ, 108 in R-ISS Ⅱ, and 38 in R-ISS Ⅲ, and the median OS was not reached/61/38 months, respectively (P=0.001). According to the ISS system, 62 patients were classified in ISS-Ⅰ, 70 in ISS-Ⅱ and 70 in ISS-Ⅲ, with the median OS was 58, 52 and 40 months, respectively (P=0.001). The relative risk (HR) of R-ISS stage Ⅲ vs Ⅰ, Ⅱ vs Ⅰ were 9.606 (P=0.008) and 4.038 (P=0.029). The HR of Ⅲ vs Ⅰ, Ⅱ vs Ⅰ of ISS system were 4.127 (P=0.070) and 2.877 (P=0.005). In the subgroup analysis, R-ISS predicted survival for patients who were not transplanted (P=0.003) , receiving bortezomib-based therapy (P=0.010) , and patients younger than 65 years (P=0.001).@*Conclusion@#R-ISS system could better predict prognosis for OS in unselected nonclinical trial myeloma patients than ISS system, especially for the younger patients, patients with bortezomib-based therapy, and patients without transplantation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 14-19, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234041

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the efficacy and prognostic factors of induction therapy combined with autogenetic peripheral blood stem cells transplantation (APBSCT)in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 1998 to May 2015, 201 patients with MM were enrolled. All patients received APBSCT after induction therapy. With the follow up to 20 June 2015, the overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS)and prognostic factor were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>① With a media follow up of 36.67 months, the median PFS and OS were 22.87 (17.48- 28.26)and 69.63 (63.57- 75.69)months, 5-year PFS and OS were 17% and 49%, respectively. ②After APBSCT, when the subgroup (n= 112) achieved complete response (CR)compared with the subgroup (n=89) not achieved CR, the median PFS were 32.93 (21.03-44.83) and 18.13 (14.46-21.80) months (P<0.001), respectively; And the media OS were 96.77 (71.79- 121.75)and 54.70 (49.53- 59.87) months (P=0.004), respectively. The risks for disease progression and death declined in CR subgroup. ③ Two subgroups included or not included bortezomib/thalidomide at induction therapy (123 patientsvs 21 patients), the media PFS were 31.67 (24.36- 38.98)and 15.20 (10.11- 20.29) months (P=0.013), respectively; And the media OS were 76.30 (55.44- 97.15)and 52.03 (33.76- 70.30) months (P=0.014), respectively. ④According to the ISS stage, the media OS of stageⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ were 99.47 (59.58-139.36), 66.77 (52.17-81.37), 53.97 (28.71-79.23) (P< 0.001), respectively. The risk for death of stage Ⅱ, Ⅲ were 2.16 and 3.04 times higher than stage Ⅰ, with no difference in terms of PFS. ⑤ The media PFS in IgD (n=22) and IgG (n=101) type MM were 11.17 (10.27- 13.13)and 35.43 (22.69- 48.17)months (P=0.007) , respectively; The media OS were 30.83 (0.24-61.42)and 70.70 (53.52-87.88) months (P=0.039), respectively. The risk for disease progression of IgD type was 2.47 times higher than IgG type. ⑥ Patients received 1 line induction therapy (n=132) compared with more than 1 line (n=69), the media PFS were 25.43 (16.09- 34.77)and 20.27 (15.04- 25.50) months (P=0.042). ⑦Cox analysis showed that CR after APBSCT and ISS stage were independent prognostic factors for OS. IgD type MM and CR after APBSCT were independent prognosis factor for PFS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CR after APBSCT and ISS stage were independent prognostic factors for OS in MM. CR after APBSCT was independent prognostic factor for PFS in MM. However, disease progression more likely occurred in IgD type MM, which was independent negative prognostic factor for PFS in MM.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Multiple Myeloma , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Survival Rate , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 660-663, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466107

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and effect of the new biodegradable paclitaxel-eluting stents in treatment of traumatic urethral stricture.Methods Twenty-five adult New Zealand rabbits were divided into study group (n =20) and control group (n =5) according to the random number table.In study group,rabbit models of traumatic urethral stricture were developed by self-designed explosive devices.All the stents were inserted under direct vision.Reparative results were evaluated by urethroscopy,retrograde urethrogram and histological examinations at postoperative 4,8,and 12 weeks.Results In study group all the stents were smoothly inserted into the strictured urethra without the occurrence of stent migration and lithogenesis.Urethroscopy showed that the stents in study group were partially degraded at 8 weeks,mostly degraded at 12 weeks and discharged with the urine.And from the naked eye,there was no distinct difference between the repaired and normal urinary mucosa.Retro~ade urethrogram demonstrated the stents restored urethral patency.Histological examinations showed the stents minimized stent-related inflammatory reactions,uroepithelial hyperplasia and scar formation.Conclusion New biodegradable paclitaxel-eluting stents exhibiting good biocompatibility are more effective to repair urethral stricture in rabbits.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 19-23, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462655

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the benefit of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as a consolidation therapy in the survival of multiple myeloma (MM) patients at different risks. Methods:A total of 67 MM patients who received ASCT as consolida-tion therapy between August 2006 and July 2011 were enrolled in the retrospective study. The cases were divided into three risk groups on the basis of the International Staging System and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Another 67 patients who accepted consolidation chemotherapy at the same period were selected as case-paired controls matched in terms of age, sex, optimal response after induction, and risk stratifications. All the patients received bortezomib-and/or thalidomide-based induction therapies. Results:No statistical differ-ences in non-complete remission (nCR)/complete remission (CR) rate were observed between the ASCT and chemotherapy groups (44.8%vs. 37.3%, P=0.380) after the induction therapy. The progression-free survival (PFS) was longer in the ASCT group than in the chemotherapy group (32.4 months vs. 15.1 months, P0.05). In the low-risk subgroup, only PFS was extend-ed (median: 34.8 months vs. 17.6 months, P=0.012) after ASCT, without significant improvements in the OS (P>0.05). Conclusion:The MM patients obtained cytogenetic high-risk benefits mostly from ASCT consolidation after inductions based on novel agents.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 601-604, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242106

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen potential mutation and explore the underlying mechanism for a consanguineous pedigree featuring pyruvate kinase (PK) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The red blood cell pyruvate kinase activities of all family members were detected. All the exons and intron-exon boundaries of the PKLR gene for the proband were amplified and analyzed by direct sequencing. Restriction endonuclease enzymes were used to identify the presence of mutations of all family members.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pyruvate kinase activities were 5.89 U/g Hb in the proband, 3.45, 6.54, 8.87, 7.89, 9.32 U/g Hb in his younger sister, father, mother, grandmother and elder aunt, respectively. The homozygous missense mutation of T>C transition at position 941 in exon 7 of PKLR gene resulted to a Ile314Thr substitution in the proband, and mutant alleles were identified at the level of RNA transcript by cDNA sequence analysis. His younger sister was also homozygous for Ile314Thr. Heterozygosity for Ile314Thr was confirmed in his grandmother, parents and elder aunt.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ile314Thr homozygous missense mutation in exon 7 of PKLR is the molecular mechanism of pyruvate kinase deficiency in this family.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital Nonspherocytic , Genetics , Pedigree , Point Mutation , Pyruvate Kinase , Genetics , Pyruvate Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Genetics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1057-1061, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Amplatz dilation and balloon dilation are different methods in creating the accesses during percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The aim of this study was to review the surgical experiences of managing staghorn calculi by Amplatz dilation and balloon dilation for 3 years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 125 patients (129 kidneys) with staghorn kidney stones who underwent PCNL from January 2010 to December 2012, of whom 60 patients underwent Amplatz dilation (AD group) and 65 underwent balloon dilation (BD group) during PCNL.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AD and BD groups were similar in age, male-female ratio, stone burden, stone type, hydronephrosis, and proportion of patients who had undergone extracorporeal lithotripsy. However, these two groups showed significant differences in terms of duration of percutaneous access (15.1 ± 3.6) minutes vs. (10.0 ± 3.3) minutes, one-attempt success rate of dilation via a single access 88.9% (72/81) vs. 97.8% (91/93), hemoglobin drop after surgery (3.5 ± 0.9) g/dl vs. (1.7 ± 0.9) g/dl, number of cases requiring intraoperative and postoperative blood transfusion 27.9% (n = 17) vs. 13.2% (n = 9), changes of central venous pressure before and after surgery (2.3 ± 1.2) cmH2O vs. (1.2 ± 0.7) cmH2O, number of patients who experienced postoperative fever >37.5°C 21 (34.4%) vs. 13 (19.1%) (all P < 0.05). No injury of adjacent organs, including pleura, liver, spleen, or bowel, was noted in patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During ultrasound-guided PCNL for staghorn stones, balloon dilation and Amplatz dilation are all effective and safe. Compared with Amplatz dilation, balloon dilation is a better choice, as it has a higher access creation success rate, shorter access creation time less blood loss, and lower proportions of circulatory overload and postoperative fever.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Kidney Calculi , General Surgery , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Methods , Retrospective Studies
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