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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618416

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the perioperative safety and curative effects oflaparoscopic adrenal sparing surgery (ASS) with laparoscopic total adrenalectomy (TA) for aldosterone producing adenoma (APA).Methods An online systematical retrieval was performed with Pubmed,ScienceDirect,Springerlink,the Cochrane library,CNKI and China Biology Medicine disc for clinical comparative studies published before May 2016,these studies reported the treatment of ASS/partial adrenalectomy (PA) versus TA for APA.The selected studies were applied to Revman 5.3 software for meta-analysis.The main contents were perioperative outcomes (operative time,intra-operative blood loss,and length of hospital stay) and postoperative efficacy (cure rate,partial response rate,inefficiency rate).Results A total of 9 clinical studies (3 English documents and 6 Chinese documents) with 1036 patients were included into the final analysis,among which 544 patients were assigned to ASS group and 492 in TA group.The analyzed results demonstrated no statistical significance between ASS group and TA group on operative time (WMD:-2.09min,95%CI:-9.86-5.67,P=0.60),length of hospital stay (WMD:-0.10d,95%CI:-0.32-0.12,P=0.36),intra-operative blood loss (WMD:1.13ml,95%CI:-8.86-11.12,P=0.82),cure rate (OR=l.07,95%CI:0.73-1.58,P=0.72),partial response rate (OR=0.85,95%CI:0.57-1.27,P=0.43) and inefficiency rate (OR=2.15,95%CI:0.32-14.34,P=0.43).Conclusion For surgical treatment of APA,ASS is technically safe,can achieve reliable postoperative efficacy and a similar therapeutic effect compared with TA,so deserves further application in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514026

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the inhibitory effect and mechanism of niclosamide combined with low-dose cisplatin on adrenocor-tical carcinoma xenografts in nude mice. Methods:A SW-13 cell transplanted tumor model was first established in nude mice. The nude mice were then divided into the control group, niclosamide group, cisplatin group, and combined drug group. The groups were compared in terms of tumor body volume, tumor weight, and biochemical index. The cell apoptosis rate of the transplanted tumor tis-sue was detected by TUNEL assay, while Bcl-2 and caspase-3 protein expression in the transplanted tumor tissue was detected by im-munohistochemistry and Western blot. Results:The terminal tumor volume and weight of the combined drug group were lower than those of the niclosamide and cisplatin groups (all P0.05). TUNEL test results showed that the cell apoptotic rate of the combined drug group was higher than that of the niclosamide group (P=0.004) and cisplatin group (P=0.005). Immunohistochemistry and West-ern blot test results showed that Bcl-2 expression in the combined drug group was lower than those of the niclosamide and cisplatin groups (all P<0.001), while caspase-3 expression in the combined drug group was the highest among those of other groups (all P<0.001). Conclusion:Niclosamide can enhance the inhibitory effect of low-dose cisplatin on the growth of adrenocortical carcinoma and has no additional side effects. This enhancement is probably related to the influence of niclosamide on Bcl-2 and caspase-3 expres-sion levels. Niclosamide promotes the apoptosis of the tumor cells by influencing Bcl-2 and caspase-3 expression.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 746-750, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809372

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of modified three-step procedure for anatrophic nephrolithotomy in the treatment of complex staghorn renal calculi.@*Methods@#A total of 22 patients with complex staghorn renal calculi between June 2013 and June 2016 at Department of Urology in Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command were retrospective analyzed. There were 13 males and 9 females, ranging from 35 to 62 years old with mean age of 47 years. There were 17 patients with dull pain, and 5 patients who were found through physical examinations. Kidney calculi located in left kidney in 15 patients, right kidney in 7 patients. All patients were treated with modified three-step procedure for anatrophic nephrolithotomy. The operation time, blood loss, time of intraoperative renal ischemia, and postoperative complications were recorded. Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), β2-microglobulin(β2-MG), diseased side glomerular filtration rate(GFR) , and renal cortical thickness of the diseased kidney in preoperative and postoperative were compared. The clinical data were compared by paired sample t test between pre-operation and post-operation.@*Results@#The calculi were completely removed in 22 patients, the mean operation time was 84 minutes (50 to 126 minutes), the mean time of intraoperative renal ischemia was 31 minutes (20 to 56 minutes), the mean blood loss was 246 ml (150 to 360 ml). There were no secondary bleeding or urinary fistula happened, the perinephric drainage tub was removed in 3 to 7 days postoperative, the mean hospitalization time was 7 days.Compared with the preoperative, the Scr ((172.7±21.3)μmol/L vs. (146.4±22.8)μmol/L, t=7.197, P=0.000), BUN ((9.2±1.8)mmol/L vs. (8.0±0.5)mmol/L, t=3.798, P=0.001) and β2-MG ((203.0±32.0)μg/L vs. (175.6±23.8)μg/L, t=5.009, P=0.000) in postoperative decreased, the diseased side GFR increased ((28.6±4.0) ml/min比(31.8±3.3) ml/min, t=-3.521, P=0.002). There were no significant difference of diseased renal cortical thickness between preoperative and postoperative(t=-1.323, P=0.200). There were 12 patients with postoperative pain, 2 patients with vomiting, 3 patients with fever, and 2 patients with wound infection. The follow-up time was 6 months, no residual stones in 22 patients.@*Conclusion@#The modified three-step procedure for anatrophic nephrolithotomy has high stone free rates with less effects on renal function and fewer complications, the method could be widely applied.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612601

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transurethral thulium-Yag laser(Tm-Yag Laser) resection of bladder tumor in the treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC).Methods The clinical data of 186 patients who underwent transurethral resection with pathologically identified of NMIBC were retrospectively analyzed.76 cases and 110 cases were in the transurethral resection of bladder cancer Tm-Yag Laser group and TURBT group,respectively.The operative time,intraoperative blood loss,incidence of obturator nerve reflex,days for urethral catheterization,duration of hospitalization after surgery,detection rate of muscle layer in postoperative pathologic examination and recurrence between the two groups were compared.All patients were followed up for 24 months.Regularly gemcitabine intravesical instillation chemotherapy and cystoscopy were performed postoperation.Results The operative time [(27.08±5.56) min vs.(25.55±5.37) min,P>0.05]and intraoperative blood loss [(14.23±4.05) mL vs.(15.10±3.24) mL,P>0.05]showed no differences between the two groups.The incidence of obturator nerve reflex in Tm-Yag laser group was lower than that in TURBT group (0.0% vs.5.5 %,x2=4.28,P=0.038).The days for urethral catheterization [(3.48±1.05) d vs.(4.02±1.14) d,t=3.328,P=0.001]and the duration of hospitalization after surgery [(4.47±1.08) d vs.(5.02±1.13) d,t=3.350,P=0.001]in Tm-Yag laser group were significantly shorter than those in TURBT group.In Tm-Yag laser group,the detection rate of muscle layer in postoperative pathologic examination was higher than that in TURBT group(x2=14.96,P=0.001).The total rate of tumor recurrence in Tm-Yag laser group was significantly lower than that in TURBT group(13.2 % vs.25.5%,x2=4.18,P=0.041).Conclusion Transurethral Tm-Yag laser is safe and effective in the treatment of NMIBC.It can avoid the incidence of complications and reduce tumor recurrence rate,which is worthy of promotion.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604175

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnosis and treatment of adrenal black adenoma . Methods From June 2002 to July 2014, 7 patients with adrenal tumors were treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial adrenalectomy in our hospital .During the operation all the patients were placed in healthy lateral decubitus position .Three trocars were introduced into the lumbar region:below the 12th rib along the anterior and posterior axillary lines , and 2 cm beyond superior iliac spine on the middle axillary line .The retroperitoneal space was established with homemade balloon-expanding devices .Afterwards , the tumors were removed by using a harmonic scalpel. Results All the tumors were resected completely .The average operation time was 60 min (range, 34-90 min) and the average blood loss in the operation was 70 ml (range, 20 -200 ml) without blood transfusion.The drainage tubes were removed on the 3rd or 4th postoperative day and the patients were discharged on the 6th or 7th postoperative day .They were pathologically diagnosed as adrenal black adenoma . Two patients manifested the Cushing ’ s syndrome and 3 patients showed hypertension , all of which were recovered to normal postoperatively .No recurrence or metastasis was noted during a follow-up for 12-24 months (mean, 18 months). Conclusions Adrenal black adenoma, without specific clinical features, is a rare kind of adrenocortical adenoma .The confirmative diagnosis depends on pathological results .Retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive, safe and effective technique for adrenal black adenoma , which provides favorable prognosis .

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 107-112,封4, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603754

ABSTRACT

Objective The clinical effect and prognosis of greenlight photoselective laser vaporization combined with intraoperative submucosa multi-point injection of gemcitabin for the treatment of non muscle-invasive bladder tumors(NMIBC).Methods Selected 105 cases of NMIBC Confirmed by pathology from Mar.2012 to Nov.2013 in Guangzhou General Hosptial of Guangzhou Military Command of PLA urology.Put the patients into three groups randomly.Greenlight photoselective laser vaporization for bladder tumors (PVBT) combined with intraoperative submucosal injection of gemcitabine (PVBT group) 38 cases,Transurethral resection of bladder tumor(TURBT) combined with intraoperative submucosal injection of gemcitabine 25 cases (TURBT group),TURBT combined with immediate postoperative bladder perfusion chemotherapy (Control group)42 cases.Maintain the bladder perfusion chemotherapy after surgery,follow-up of 2 years.To compare and analysis the effect and the prognosis of three ways of operation method,And evaluate the quality of life of three groups of patients after treatment.Results The operation of 105 cases were successful,a total of 31 cases of recurrence,included PVBT group 7 cases (18.4%),TURBT group 6 cases (24%),contrlol group 18 cases (42.9%).Tumor progression of time were 12、10、6 month for the first time.The body function,psychological function,social function and material life of four dimensions scores have no obvious difference Three groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions PVBT combined with intraoperative submucosal multi-point injection of gemcitabine is a kind of simple operation,and reduce the complications and the recurrence of the operation,especially suitable for the lateral wall of superficial tumor and intolerance to TURBT surgery for high-risk patients.It is a new better method of expansion clinical application.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1925-1928, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467605

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the relationship of pathological grade and stage of bladder cancer with common chromosomal aberrations of urine exfoliated cells by FISH. Methods A total of 99 urine samples were detected by FISH with probes of chromosomes 3,7,17 and 9p21 to collect pathological grade and stage information of bladder tumor tissues. Results (1) The aberrations of chromosome 3 and 17 had significant correlation with pathological grade and stage (P0.05), but had correlation with grade (P 0.05). (2)The polysomic chromosomal aberrations of chromosomes 3, 7 and 17 assessed correlated with high-grade and high-stage bladder carcinoma. The 9p21 deletion was found at a significant frequency in low-grade and low-stage lesions, when, 9p21 amplification was found at a significant frequency in high-grade and high-stage lesions. Conclusions Aberrations of the four chromosomes, especially polysomic chromosomal aberrations of the bladder cancer cases could present a possible trend toward greater chromosome increased with tumor grades and progressive stages of invasion.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232525

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between CT image presentations and biochemical indexes in adrenal adenomas and pheochromocytomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the CT features, cortisol rhythm, supine and orthostatic hypertension and 24-h urine methoxy in 209 patients with benign adrenal tumors. The relationship between CT findings and the biochemical indexes were analyzed in patients with different benign adrenal tumors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 209 cases analyzed included 53 cases of cortisol adenoma, 65 cases of aldosterone adenoma, 45 cases of non-functional adenoma and 46 cases of pheochromocytomas. The plain CT scan values of the 4 groups were 17.25 ± 1.81, 14.52 ± 1.57, 12.20 ± 2.05, 42.42 ± 0.97 HU, enhanced CT values (arterial phase) were 47.82 ± 3.07, 39.23 ± 2.37, 45.35 ± 6.46, and 104.93 ± 5.84 HU, respectively, and the differences between CT scan and enhanced CT values were 30.58 ± 2.29, 24.71 ± 1.55, 33.15 ± 5.18, and 62.51 ± 5.73 HU, respectively. In cortisol adenoma group, cortisol levels measured at 16:00 and 24:00 were positively correlated with plain CT scan value (r=0.506, P=0.0001; r=0.504, P=0.0001) and enhanced CT value (r=0.514, P=0.0001; r=0.554, P=0.0001). In pheochromocytoma group, plain scan CT value and the difference between plain and enhanced CT scan value were correlated with 24-h urine methoxy adrenaline (Rho;=0.342, 0.350; P=0.020, 0.017, respectively) and norepinephrine (Rho;=0.419, 0.412; P=0.004, 0.004, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Plain and enhanced CT scan values and their combination have important value in differential diagnosis of adenoma and pheochromocytoma tumor, CT values combine with biochemical indexes can reduce misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of pheochromocytoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Chemistry , Diagnosis , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , Chemistry , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Errors , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Hypertension , Pheochromocytoma , Chemistry , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249379

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate safety and efficacy of conversion of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) to sirolimus (SRL) therapy for treatment of new-onset diabetes after kidney transplantation (NODAT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Of 321 kidney transplant recipients, 34 patients who developed NODAT (10.59%) were divided into 3 groups to receive continued CNI therapy at a reduced dose (group A, 14 cases), sirolimus conversion therapy (group B, 12 cases), or oral hypoglycemic drugs (group C, 12 cases). All the patients had dietary and exercise therapies, and insulin injections were given in patients with postprandial (2 h) blood glucose over 14.0 mmol/L. The patients were followed up regularly for 5 years.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean blood glucose level was 13.02∓1.74 mol/L upon the diagnosis of NODAT in the 34 patients without significant differences between the 3 groups. At 6 months of therapy, fasting plasma glucose levels in the 3 groups decreased to 8.05 ∓2.45, 7.45∓2.44, and 9.30∓3.89 mmol/L, repsectively; at 12 months, blood glucose became normal in both groups A and B, but the patients in group A needed a greater daily insulin dose (P<0.05). In group B, the mean serum creatinine level was 165.1∓61.82 mmol/L at the conversion and lowered to 150∓53.05 mmol/L at 5 years (P<0.05), which were similar to those in group A at the two time points (152∓43.05 and 145.88∓53.05 mmol/L, respectively; P>0.05). In group C, creatinine level further increased after medication with oral hypoglycemic drugs. At 5 years, the patient and graft survival rates were 100% and 75% in group A, respectively, similar to those in group B (83.4% and 68%, respectively; P>0.05); group C showed lower patient and graft survival rates than groups B and C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Conversion from CNI to SLR therapy can significantly the metabolism of patients with NODAT without increasing the risk of acute graft rejection.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Calcineurin Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , Diabetes Mellitus , Graft Rejection , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Kidney Transplantation , Sirolimus , Therapeutic Uses
10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2868-2869,2872, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599643

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of noninvasive diagnosis methods direct rectal examination (DRE) ,transrectal ultra-sonography(TRUS) and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging(MP-MRI) for prostate cancer detection .Methods The clini-cal data of 113 patients suspected prostatic cancer were analyzed retrospectively .Every patient was examined by TRUS ,DRE and MP-MRI before pathology or operation .The sensitivity rate and the specificity rate of DRE ,TRUS and MP-MRI were calculated and compared among the three methods .Results The sensitivity rate and the specificity rate of prostate cancer were 33 .3% and 88 .7% for DRE ,62 .7% and 67 .7% for TRUS ,86 .3% and 83 .9% for MP-MRI respectively ,two comparison between the three group had statisfically difference(P<0 .05) .But ,of prostate cancer with prostate specific antigen (PSA) 4 .0~10 .0 ng/mL in gray zone ,the sensitivity rate and the specificity rate were 27 .8% and 86 .5% for DRE ,44 .4% and 59 .5% for TRUS ,77 .8% and 81 .1% for MP-MRI ,two comparison between the three group had statisfically difference(P<0 .05) .Conclusion MP-MRI has bet-ter detection efficiency .It could obviously reduce the missed diagnosis rate on PCA with PSA in gray zone .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450568

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of InVance bulbourethral sling for stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy.Methods Six male patients with stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy were treated with perineal sling (InVance) from March 2005 to March 2011,and the clinical data were analyzed.Results The operation time was 80-120 min and intra-operative blood loss was 20-50 ml.The catheter was removed at the second day after surgery.In a follow-up of 12 to 29 months,4 patients were dry,1 patient was improved,and 1 patient suffered treatment failure.There were 2 patients transient acute urinary retention and 1 patient short-term perineal pain in the main post-operative complication.In six months after the operation,urodynamic examination showed (15.9 ± 7.7) ml/s at Qmax and 0-20 ml/s at postvoid residual.Conclusion InVance bulbourethral sling for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy appears to be safe,simple in the procedure and good effect to mild and middle incontinence.

12.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1073-1076, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448233

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate a non-invative , sensitive and specific method to diagnose bladder cancer, and evaluate the value of the combination of FISH with NMP22 in the diagnosis of bladder cancer. Methods Urine from 68 patients suspected suffering from bladder cancer were used by FISH, NMP22 expression and cytologi-cal examination, respectively. The results of above detections were compared to the subsequent histopathology as-say to analyze the specicficity, sensitivity of diagnosis for bladder cancer. Results The sensitivity of FISH, NMP22 expression and the cytological examination was 81.4%,86.0% and 39.5% respectively, and the specifici-ty of FISH, NMP22 expression and the cytological examination was 84.0%, 72.0% and 96.0%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of the combination of FISH with NMP22 was 79.1% and 92.0%. Conclusions The combined diagnosis of FISH and NMP22 for bladder cancer showed greater sensitivity than that of the conventional cytology, with similar specificity as the conventional cytology. The combination of FISH with NMP22 test shows more value for the diagnosis of bladder cancer than any single assay.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the postoperative complications of microscopic and conventional Palomo varicocelectomy in the treatment of varicocele in army personnel.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 260 army personnel with varicocele were randomized to receive microscopic varicocelectomy (group A, n=130) and conventional Palomo varicocelectomy (group B, n=130). The postoperative recurrence and complications (scrotal edema, testicular pain and testicular atrophy) were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 1 year of follow-up, the recurrence rates in groups A and B were statistically comparable (5.3% vs 3.8%, P>0.05). The incidences of testicular atrophy and scrotal edema were significantly lower in group A than in group B (0.7% vs 3.1%, P<0.05; 3.1% vs 14.6%, P<0.05), and the rate of testicular pain relief was significantly higher in group A (90.7% vs 67.7%, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Microscopic varicocelectomy can be a good choice in the treatment of varicocele in army personnel.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Groin , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Microsurgery , Methods , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Urogenital Surgical Procedures , Varicocele , General Surgery , Young Adult
14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 61-64, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431122

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the different expressions of androgen and estrogen receptor in nucleus membrane of human prostate stromal cells under anoxic or normoxic conditions.Methods Human prostate stromal cell line WPMY-1 was cultured in vitro.At 4,8,12,24,48 h after cellswere seeded,the mRNA and protein expression of androgen receptor (AR) and estrogen receptor (ER) in prostate stromal cells were tested by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry method,respectively.Results The exprcssions of AR and ER were significantly increased in prostate stromal cells under anoxic conditions compared with under normoxic conditions.The relative expression of AR mRNA was 0.35±0.01 in anoxic prostate stromal cells at 4 h,and increased to 1.40±0.02 at 48 h,which was higher than in normoxic prostate epithelial cells [0.27 ± 0.01 and0.36± 0.01] synchronously (t=28.182,both P < 0.001).Immunohistochemistry showed significantly increased AR-positive cells under anoxic conditions as compared with under-normoxiccondition from 12 h synchronously [(33.72±4.19) per 200 cells,(23.84±1.31) per 200 cells,t=3.902,P=0.018].The expression of ER mRNA was 0.39±0.01 in prostate stromal cells at 4 h,and increased to 0.59±0.01 at 48 h under anoxic conditions,which were higher than under normoxic conditions (0.31±0.01 and 0.46±0.13) synchronously (both P<0.001).Immunohistochemistry showed the significantly increased ER-positive cells under anoxic conditions as compared with under normoxic condition from 4 h to 48 h synchronously [(13.42±0.80) per 200 cells and (55.16±0.41) per 200 cells; (9.68±0.63) per 200 cells and (22.95±0.55) per 200 cells,t=81.130,P<0.001].Conclusions The expression of androgen and estrogen receptors is upregulated in human prostatestromal cells under anoxic conditions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430373

ABSTRACT

Prostatic artery of 12 elder and 9 younger cadavers were isolated and transected.Vascular inner diameter and thickness of vascular wall of these cross sections were observed microscopically.Atherosclerotic plaque could be seen in the prostatic artery of 12 elders.And there were the thickening of tunica intima and the narrowing of inner diameter.The inner diameter of elderly prostatic artery was (452 ± 97) μm,the thickness of their tunica intima (228 ± 82) μm and inner diameter/thickness 3.14 ± 0.68.Tunica intima of 9 younger prostatic arteries were glabrate.The inner diameter of younger prostatic artery was (864 ± 17)μm,the thickness of their tunica intima (57 ± 4)μm and inner diameter/thickness 15.52 ± 0.18.Statistically significant differences existed between elder and younger cadavers in the above 3 parameters.As compared with younger counterpart,prostatic artery of elders was more stenotic and its tunica intima tended to he thicker.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425330

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the two-stage repair in hypospadias cripples.Methods 35 patients with hypospadias cripples underwent two-stage repair.At the first stage,a full-thickness graft of skin or buccal mucosa was used for urethral plate reconstruction after the release of chordee.The second stage was performed 6 months after completion of the first stage.Tubularization of the replaced urethral plate was the preferred technique.Results There was no urethra stricture or “preplaced urethral plate ” atrophy.Fistula developed in 2 of 35 cases.Conclusion The twostaged technique was a useful strategy to deal with the myriad abnormalities encountered in crippled hypospadias.This technique could not only create a neourethra successfully,but also give the penis a near-normal shape and appearance.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425276

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effect of alprostadil on accelerating early recovery of renal transplant patients with delayed graft function.Methods A randomized control clinical trial was designed in renal recipients with delayed graft function(DGF)who were administered with 50μg alprostadil each day after the operation.The effects of alprostadil were compared with the control group which included 14 recipients with DGF to determine the influences of alprostadil on urine,serum creatinine(SCr).Under Doppler ultrasound,the renal blood flow resistance-indexes(RI)were measured.The rates of acute renal graft rejection(AR)were also calculated in both groups,and the 1year patient/graft survival rates were compared between the two groups.Results Urine was significantly higher in alprostadil-treated group than in control group(P < 0.05).On the contrary,SCr and RI were significantly lower in alprostadil-treated group than in control group(P < 0.05).No significant differences were found between the two groups in AR rate(6.25% vs 7.14%)and the 1-year patient/graft survival rates(P > 0.05).Conclusion The application of alprostadil in renal recipients with DGF had beneficial effects on accelerating recovery of renal graft function.

18.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 127-131, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420787

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the effect of antibiotic treatment on prostate specific antigen (PSA) derivations in patients with and without prostate cancer and to further determine if the changes of PSA values after antibiotic treatment could help to exclude inflammation in the differential diagnosis of an abnormal PSA.MethodsA total of 100 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms,a PSA level of 4 to 10 μg/L,free PSA/total PSA (fPSA/tPSA) ratio < 0.25,and a negative digital rectal examination and transrectal ultrasonography were enrolled in this study.All patients received 500 mg of ciprofloxacin twice a day for 3 weeks.Free and total PSA values were measured before and after antibiotic treatment.All the patients were then scheduled for 12-core prostate biopsy.Results The mean tPSA value was (6.5 ± 1.2) and (5.1 ± 1.2) μg/L respectively before and after antibiotic treatment ( P < 0.01 ).Ninety-one patients (91.0%) showed tPSA reduction after antibiotic therapy,of which 13 ( 14.3% ) had prostate cancer on biopsy.In 17 cases (18.7%) post-treatment tPSA was less than 4 μg/L.Three of the 17 cases (17.6%)had prostate cancer on biopsy.In 6 of the 100 men post-treatment tPSA was between 4 and 10 μg/L and the fPSA/tPSA ratio was above 0.25.One of these cases had prostate cancer on biopsy.Seven cases had a >50% reduction in PSA levels with no positive biopsy results.Although mean total PSA and PSAD decreased after treatment in both groups,the reductions within these parameters were not significantly different between patients with and without prostate cancer (P > 0.05).Furthermore,no differences emerged in terms of the changes of other PSA derivations including fPSA and fPSA/tPSA ( P > 0.05 ).ConclusionsThe PSA levels may change with long-term antibiotic treatment in patients with elevated PSA values.A decrease in PSA after antibiotic treatment does not rule out the presence of prostate cancer even if PSA decreases to a normal level.But a > 50% reduction in PSA levels may be associated with a decreasing risk of prostate cancer,which may allow a postponement of prostate biopsy in selected patients.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419187

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the different expression of somatomedin-receptor in cell membrane of prostate epithelial cells at anoxic or normoxic condition.Methods Human prostate epithelial cells line RWPE-1 were cultured in vitro.At 4,8,12,24,48 h after cells had been seeded,the gene and protein expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR),transforming growth factor β1 receptor (TGF- β 1R),insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1 R) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) in prostate epithelial cells were tested by RT-PCR and immunohistochem-istry methods,respectively.Results The expression of mRNA and protein of EGFR,FGFR,IGF-1R,TGF- β1R,VEGFR were significantly increased in anoxic and normoxic prostate epithelial cells (P < 0.01 ).At different time point,the expression of mRNA and protein of EGFR,FGFR,IGF-1R,TGF- β1R,VEGFR significantly higher in anoxic than those in normoxic prostate epithelial cells (P< 0.01 )besides 4 h EGFR mRNA,12 h EGFR protein,4 h IGF-1R mRNA,4 and 8 h IGF-1R protein,4 and 8 h TGF-β 1R mRNA,4 and 8 h TGF-β 1R protein,4 h VEGFR mRNA (P > 0.05).Conclusion Anoxic prostate epithelial cell can up-regulate the expression of somatomedin-receptor.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422988

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of the suprapubic arch sling(SPARC)in female stress urinary incontinence by video-urodynamic tests.Method From January 2007 to October 2008,video-urodynamic tests,the pad test and ICI-Q-SF had been performed in all patients who received the SPARC before operation and 3,6 months after operation.Results Thirty-two cases of an effective follow-up for 6 to 20 months,31 patients were satisfied with urinary control,1 patient had mild urinary incontinence.Urodynamics:3,6 months after operation the maximum bladder capacity(MCC),residual urine(RU),detrusor pressure at maximum flow rates(Pdet,Qmax)were no statistical differences compared with those before operation(P> 0.05),3 months after operation,abdominal leak point pressure(ALPP)difference was statistically significant compared with that before operation(P =0.000),6 months after operation,the maximum urinary flow rate(Qmax),ALPP differences were statistically significant compared with those before operation(P values were 0.003,0.000).Static urethral pressure profile parameters before operation and 3,6 months after operation,the maximum urethral closure pressure(MUCP)was(35.2 ± 20.4),(53.1 ±22.5),(62.3 ± 19.8)cm H2O(1 cm H20 =0.098 kPa),respectively,functional urethral length(FUL)was (3.5 ± 1.3),(3.9 ± 0.9),(4.2 ± 1.1)cm,respectively,6 months after operation,MUCP,FU L differences were statistically significant compared with before operation(P values were 0.000 and 0.002).Conclusion Urodynamic evaluation by image,SPARC is one of the effective methods to treat the female stress urinary incontinence,the image within 6 months of urodynamic evaluation prompt surgery can increase urethral pressure,strengthen the control of urinary function,while no significant effect on bladder function.

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