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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1225-1231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998745

ABSTRACT

Background There is a lack of research evidence on the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in China. Objective To explore the association between frequency of SSB consumption before pregnancy and risk of GDM in pregnant women in Shaanxi Province, and to provide a scientific basis for targeted interventions to control maternal blood glucose. Methods The recruitment to the China Birth Cohort study started in October 2020. Pregnant women at 6-16 weeks who had their first prenatal examination at five hospitals in Shaanxi Province were recruited. A maternal health questionnaire was used to collect basic information about pregnant women. A semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to collect the consumption of carbonated beverages, fruit and vegetable juice beverages, coffee beverages, and milk tea beverages in one year before pregnancy, which were summed to obtain the SSB consumption. Pregnant women were divided into three groups according to SSB consumption, namely <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1. GDM was confirmed by oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) between 24-28 weeks of gestation. A binary logistic regression model was applied to explore the association between SSB consumption and risk of GDM. Multiple linear regression was applied to investigate the associations between SSB consumption (per 1-serving·d−1 increase) and OGTT fasting plasma glucose, 1-hour glucose, and 2-hour glucose. Results A total of 3811 pregnant women were finally enrolled in this study, of which 752 developed GDM, with an incidence rate of 19.7%. The incidence rates of GDM in pregnant women with SSB consumption frequency of <1 serving·week−1, 1-4 servings·week−1, and ≥5 servings·week−1 were 18.0%, 21.1%, and 26.8%, respectively. After adjusting for maternal age, pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), education, number of children born, family history of diabetes, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity level, and total energy intake, the risk of GDM increased by 26% (OR=1.26, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.50) in the 1-4 servings·week−1 group and by 76% (OR=1.76, 95%CI: 1.31, 2.38) in the ≥5 servings·week−1 group compared to the <1 serving·week−1 SSB consumption group, respectively. Further stratified analysis revealed no interaction effect (Pinteraction>0.05) between SSB consumption and maternal age, pre-pregnancy BMI, or first labor or not. For each additional SSB consumption per day, the risk of GDM increased by 94% (OR=1.94, 95%CI: 1.37, 2.75); and the maternal OGTT 1-hour glucose and 2-hour glucose increased by 0.33 mmol·L−1 and 0.18 mmol·L−1, respectively (P<0.05), and no significant increase in fasting plasma glucose was found (P>0.05). Conclusion Higher SSB consumption before pregnancy increases the risk of GDM in pregnant women.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 681-684, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708937

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare 188 Re-c ( CGRRAGGSC) by different labeling methods, and compare the stability and targeting ability for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Methods 188 Re la-beled c( CGRRAGGSC) was prepared by direct method ( pre-tinning method) and indirect method (the hydrazinonicotinamide (HYNIC) conjugated c(CGRRAGGSC) peptide) respectively. Quality control and sta-bilities of radiolabeled probes were measured. Nude mice bearing TNBC cells (MDA-MB-468) were estab-lished and used for detecting the distribution in vivo. Tumor/ non-tumor (T/ NT) ratios of radiolabeled probes prepared by direct method and indirect method were compared to certify the targeting ability and biological activi-ty. Two-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results The labeling rate of 188Re-c(CGRRAGGSC) by di-rect method was >87%, but the serum stability was poor (the degradation rate was about 40% at 2 h), and the T/ NT ratio was 2.82±0.23 (n=3) at 2 h. On the other hand, the labeling rate of 188Re-HYNIC-c(CGRRAGGSC) by indirect method was 61%, while the serum stability was about 10% at 2 h, and T/ NT ratio was about 6. 27±0.51 (n= 3) at 2 h, which was significantly higher (t = 2.13, P<0.05). Conclusions The direct method may have higher labeling rate than the indirect method, but the radiolabeled compound by the direct method has poor stability and tumor targeting ability. 188 Re-HYNIC-c(CGRRAGGSC) prepared by indirect method may have remarkable advantages on stability and biological activity.

3.
Singapore medical journal ; : 47-52, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244714

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>First trimester screening (FTS) is a validated screening tool that has been shown to achieve detection rates of 84%-90% for trisomies 21, 18 and 13. However, its effectiveness for different maternal ages has not been assessed. The present study aimed to assess the performance of FTS in an Asian population, and to compare its effectiveness in older (≥ 35 years) and younger (< 35 years) women. The potential use of noninvasive prenatal test (NIPT) as a contingent screening test is also examined.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data on cases of FTS performed on singleton pregnancies over a six-year period was collated from two Singapore maternal centres, National University Hospital and Singapore General Hospital. Cases that had a 1:250 risk of trisomy were considered to be screen-positive. Pregnancy outcomes were obtained from birth records or karyotype test results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>From 10,289 FTS cases, we obtained a sensitivity of 87.8%, a specificity of 97.6%, a false positive rate of 2.4% and a false negative rate of 0.06% for the detection of aneuploidy. The overall detection rate for trisomy 21 was 86.5%-85.7% for older women and 87.5% for younger women. The mean number of invasive tests required per case of trisomy 21 was 9.3 in younger women, 8.6 in older women and 13.5 in women with intermediate risk (1:250-1,000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>While the performance of FTS was similar in younger and older women, more invasive procedures were required to diagnose trisomy 21 in women with intermediate risk. It may be advantageous to offer contingent NIPT to this group of women to reduce the risk of iatrogenic fetal loss.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Pregnancy , Aneuploidy , Asia , Cohort Studies , DNA , Down Syndrome , Diagnosis , Karyotyping , Maternal Age , Maternal Serum Screening Tests , Methods , Pregnancy Outcome , Pregnancy Trimester, First , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Risk Factors , Singapore , Trisomy , Diagnosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 844-848, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287974

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association of a disintegrin and metallo-proteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs (ADAMTS-1) gene polymorphism and ischemic stroke caused by large artery atherosclerosis (LAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In total 767 patients and 506 controls were recruited. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs416905 (T/C) and rs402007 (G/C) of the ADAMTS-1 gene were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Frequencies of the rs402007 GC+CC genotype and the C allele were significantly different between the two groups (68.84% vs. 60.67%, χ2=9.012, P=0.003, OR=1.432; 45.24% vs. 38.54%, χ2=11.208, P=0.001, OR=1.318). Binary logistic regression has confirmed that the above difference was significant (P=0.001, OR=1.521, 95%CI: 1.183-1.955). The frequencies of TC+CC and GC+CC genotypes were similar between the two groups, and so was it with the C allele. The two SNPs had been in complete linkage disequilibrium (D'=1.0, r2=1.0).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rs416905 and rs402007 polymorphisms of the ADAMTS-1 gene may be associated with ischemic stroke caused by LAA. The C allele of the rs402007 locus may be a susceptibility factor for this subtype of stroke.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ADAM Proteins , Genetics , ADAMTS1 Protein , Alleles , Atherosclerosis , Base Sequence , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Fasting , Blood , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Logistic Models , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Smoking , Stroke , Blood , Genetics
5.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 51-55, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492061

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of evidence-based nursing on improving the compliance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. Methods Forty-five patients hospitalized in the first half of the year were assigned as control group and another 45 patients hospitalized in the second half of the year were as experiment group. The control group was treated with traditional nursing methods. In the experiment group, a nursing panel was set up to analyze the causes of noncompliance of COPD patients with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and gave care to the patients based on the analyses. The two groups were compared in terms of adverse reactions and the compliance with treatment. Result The rates of compliance with treatment and adverse reactions such as fear and anxiety , the man-machine confrontation and flatulence in the experiment group were significantly lower than those of the control group obviously (P<0.05). Conclusion The evidence-based nursing can reduce the incidence of adverse reactions , and enhance the compliance of COPD patients with noninvasive positive pressure ventilation effectively.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 491-495, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291745

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between cerebral infarction (CI) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the exon of membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-14) gene in Chinese Han population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Five hundred seventy four patients with CI and 463 healthy individuals were recruited. Serum MMP-14 level was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). rs1042704 and rs2236307 polymorphisms of the MMP-14 gene were genotyped with a TaqMan assay. Multivariate logistic regression was carried out to analyze the risk factors of CI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A significant lower risk of CI was found in individuals with MMP-14 rs2236307 TC and CC genotypes (vs. TT genotype: P<0.05). The frequencies of MMP-14 rs2236307 C allele were significantly different between the CI group (37.46%) and the control group (43.95%) (P=0.003). Serum level of MMP-14 was higher in the CI group (P=0.003) and was also higher in the group with MMP-14 rs2236307 TT genotype compared with those with CT and CC genotypes (P=0.000; P=0.009). Logistic regression analysis indicated that the MMP-14 rs2236307 CT+CC genotypes was a protective factor, and that history of hypertension, smoking status, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure and systolic blood pressure were the independent risk factors of CI (AOR:2.027, 1.302, 1.296, 1.434, 2.087; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rs2236307 polymorphism of MMP-14 gene is associated with CI, for which the C allele maybe a protective factor. No association of MMP-14 gene rs1042704 polymorphism with CI has been found.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alleles , Asian People , Genetics , Blood Pressure , Case-Control Studies , Cerebral Infarction , Genetics , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 719-724, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291696

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association between -1296T/C and -915A/G polymorphisms in the promoter region of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor-3 gene (TIMP-3) and atherosclerotic cerebral infarction in an ethnic Han Chinese population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood samples were collected from 485 patients with atherosclerotic cerebral infarction and 525 healthy controls. Serum levels of TIMP-3 were measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The polymorphisms of the TIMP-3 gene were analyzed with DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies in -1296T/C and -915A/G between the patients and healthy controls (chi-square: 5.227 and 5.869; P: 0.022 and 0.015, respectively). Besides, there was a strong linkage disequilibrium between -1296T/C and -915A/G (D'=1.0, r(2)=0.991). The serum levels of TIMP-3 in patients were significantly higher than the control group [(248.90 ± 97.10) pg/mL vs. (200.17 ± 79.70) pg/mL, t=2.098, P=0.039].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The -1296T/C and -915A/G polymorphisms of the TIMP-3 gene are associated with increased risk for atherosclerotic cerebral infarction in ethnic Han Chinese and may be used as molecular markers for the disease. There is also strong linkage disequilibrium between the two loci.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asian People , Ethnology , Genetics , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Genetics , Base Sequence , Cerebral Infarction , Blood , Epidemiology , Ethnology , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , Gene Frequency , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-3 , Blood , Genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 55-57,60, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564724

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the bacteriostatic activity and stability of pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins. Methods By the K-B disk diffusion method, spoilage bacteria as experiment strains, to study the inhibition effects of the pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins and the antimicrobial stability under certain temperature, pH, and UV exposure time. Results Pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins had significant inhibitory effect on Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus Sukatilis), which had better inhibition effects in the media neutral, but temperature and UV had little influence on the antimicrobial effects. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins against Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus Sukatilis were 12.5 and 6.25 mg/mL, respective. However, on Gram negative bacteria(Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) there was no obvious inhibition effects. Conclusion The pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins has significant inhibitory effect on Gram positive bacteria, the inhibitory effect is stronger in the range of pH 6-7 , and the temperature and UV had a little effect on its antibacterial action, which means that the antibacterial action of pine bark Oligomeric Proantho Cyanidins had good stability.

9.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 30-32, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435823

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of family interventions on the prevention of falls in elderly hypertensive patients. Methods One hundred elderly hypertensive patients were divided into the experiment group and the control group in equal number. The control group returned for regular visits after discharge while the experiment group received the family intervention including cognitive,psychological,behavioral and environmental intervention.The two groups were compared in terms of fall rate and degree of injury.Results The incidence of falls in the experiment group was significantly lower than that of the control group,the incidence of soft tissue injury after a fall in the experiment group was significantly lower than that of the control group(both P<0.05).Conclusion Family intervention is effective in prevention of falls in elderly hypertensive patients for it may reduce the incidence of falls and the degree of fall injuries.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 641-645, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420144

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of serum levels of matrix metalloproteinase-12 (MMP-12) and a functional polymorphism in the promoter - 82A/G of the MMP-12 gene with acute atherosclerotic cerebral infarction (ACI).Methods All 608 cascs of acute ACI and 374 healthy controls were included in the study.Serum levels of MMP-12 were measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At the same time,polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed on the - 82A/G polymorphism in the MMP-12 gene.Results The serum levels of MMP-12 in ACI group (( 17.36 ± 9.12) ng/ml) were not significantly higher than those in the healthy control group ( ( 17.42 ± 7.70) ng/ml,t = 0.047,P =0.962).The frequency of the AG + GG genotypes was not significantly different between the two groups (7.6% vs 5.9%,x2 =0.281,P =0.584),and the frequencies of the G allele were 3.8% and 2.9% in the ACI group and the control group respectively which were also not significantly different between the two groups ( x2 =0.746,P =0.374).Conclusion There is no correlation between serum level with genetic polymorphism in MMP-12 promoter (-82A/G) and cerebral infarction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 379-383, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412540

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of plasma matrix metalloproteinase-7 ( MMP-7 ) levels and genetic polymorphism of MMP-7 - 181 A/G on the stability of carotid plaque.Method According to carotid ultrasound examination, 503 patients with carotid atherosclerotic lesions were consecutively recruited and divided into vulnerable plaque group (n = 118) and stable plaque group (n = 385).Plasma MMP-7 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and MMP-7 -181 A/G genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restiction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP).Results Plasma MMP-7 levels in carotid vulnerable plaque group were significantly enhanced as compared to stable plaque group (t =5.49, P =0.00).The frequency of MMP-7 -181G allele in vulnerable plaque group was significantly higher than that in stable plaque group (11.4% vs 7.0% ,χ2 = 4.78, P= 0.029).Compared to AA genotype, the genotypes with - 181G allele (AG + GG) significantly increased susceptibility to carotid vulnerable plaque ( χ2 = 5.01, OR = 1.81, P = 0.025 ) .When further analyzing the relationship between genotype and plasma MMP-7 levels, no significant differences of plasma MMP-7 levels were observed between AA genotype and AG + GG genotype in stable plaque group.However, in vulnerable plaque group, plasma MMP-7 levels of AG + GG genotype were significantly higher than that of AA genotype( t = 2.62, P = 0.01).Conclusion The present findings suggest that plasma MMP-7 level may be a biomarker for carotid vulnerable plaque.Genetic polymorphism of - 181 A/G in MMP-7 promoter may affect the expression of MMP-7, and seems to be implicated in susceptibility to carotid vulnerable plaque.

12.
Traditional Chinese Drug Research & Clinical Pharmacology ; (6)1993.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-571036

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop SPE - HPLC method for the assay of paeonol in Liuwei Dihuang Pill (LDP). Methods Separation was performed on a Hypersil ODS(2) column (250 mm?4. 6 mm, 5?m) . The mobile phase consist of methanol - 2 % acetic acid (55 :45, v/v) . The flow rate was 1 mL/min. The UV detection was set at 275 nm. Results Paeonol had a good linear relation in the range of 0. 03998 ~ 0. 7996 ug, the average recovery of honeyed bolus of LDP was 102. 9 % and the RSD was 1.2%; the average recovery of concentrated bolus of LDP was 101. 5 % and the RSD was 1.8%. Conclusion The method is simple, sensitive and rapid and it can be used to determine the paeonol content of LDP.

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