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1.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805828

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) and caspase-11 during pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.@*Methods@#J774A.1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-specific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group), Scr-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (S+ LPS/ATP group), TIPE2-siRNA group (T group) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (T+ LPS/ATP group). The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group, and transfection was performed for 24-48 h, and in addition LPS 1.0 μg/ml was then added, cells were incubated for 5 h, then ATP 5.0 mmol/L was added, and cells were incubated for 1 h in S+ LPS/ATP and T+ LPS/ATP groups.Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2, caspase-11, NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 (by Western blot). The supernatant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities and concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).@*Results@#Compared with group S, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05). Compared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05). Compared with group S+ LPS/ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#TIPE2 inhibits pyroptosis in macrophages through down-regulating the expression of caspase-11 in mice.

2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1237-1239, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797066

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of penehyelidine hydrochloride (PHCD) on tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2 (TIPE2)-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in a rat model of traumatic acute lung injury (ALI).@*Methods@#Thirty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 190-210 g, were divided into 3 groups (n=15 each) by a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), traumatic ALI group (group ALI) and group PHCD.ALI was induced by blunt chest trauma in ALI and PHCD groups.PHCD 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after blunt chest trauma in group PHCD.The rats were sacrificed and lung tissues were removed at 8 h after the model was successfully established for examination of the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissues (with a light microscope or an electron microscope) and for determination of the wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and expression of TLR4 and MyD88 in lung tissues.@*Results@#Compared with group Sham, the W/D ratio was significantly increased, TIPE2 expression was down-regulated, and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was up-regulated in ALI and PHCD groups (P<0.05). Compared with group ALI, the W/D ratio was significantly decreased, TIPE2 expression was up-regulated, and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was down-regulated (P<0.05), and the pathological changes of lung tissues and ultrastructure were significantly attenuated in group PHCD.@*Conclusion@#The mechanism by which PHCD reduces traumatic AIL is related to activating TIPE2-TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in rats.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755587

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2 ( TIPE2) in pyroptosis in macrophage of mice using small interfering RNA ( siRNA) technique. Methods J774A. 1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-specific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group), Scr-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group (S+LPS∕ATP group ) , TIPE2-siRNA group ( T group ) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group ( T+LPS∕ATP group) . The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group, and transfection was performed for 24-48 h, and in addition LPS 1. 0 μg∕ml was then added, cells were incubated for 5 h, then ATP 5. 0 mmol∕L was added, and cells were incubated for 1 h in S+LPS∕ATP and T+LPS∕ATP groups. Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2, NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain ( ASC) and Gasdermin D ( GSDMD) ( by Western blot) . The superna-tant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) activity and concentrations of interleu-kin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results Compared with group S, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was sig-nificantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP (P<0. 05). Compared with group S+LPS∕ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and con-centrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion Application of siRNA technique once again confirms that TIPE2 can inhibit pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1237-1239, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824697

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of penehyelidine hydrochloride(PHCD)on tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2(TIPE2)-Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)-myeloid differentiation fac-tor 88(MyD88)signaling pathway in a rat model of traumatic acute lung injury(ALI).Methods Thirty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 190-210 g,were divided into 3 groups(n=15 each)by a random number table method: sham operation group(group Sham),traumatic ALI group(group ALI)and group PHCD.ALI was induced by blunt chest trauma in ALI and PHCD groups.PHCD 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after blunt chest trauma in group PHCD.The rats were sacrificed and lung tissues were removed at 8 h after the model was successfully established for exami-nation of the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissues(with a light microscope or an electron microscope)and for determination of the wet to dry weight ratio(W/D ratio)and expression of TLR4 and MyD88 in lung tissues.Results Compared with group Sham,the W/D ratio was significantly increased,TIPE2 expression was down-regulated,and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was up-regulated in ALI and PHCD groups(P<0.05).Compared with group ALI,the W/D ratio was significantly decreased,TIPE2 expression was up-regulated,and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was down-regulated(P<0.05),and the pathological changes of lung tissues and ultrastructure were significantly attenuated in group PHCD.Conclusion The mechanism by which PHCD reduces traumatic AIL is related to activating TIPE2-TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824638

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) and caspase-11 during pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.Methods J774A.1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table method:nonspecific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group),Scr-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (S+LPS/ATP group),TIPE2-siRNA group (T group) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (T+LPS/ATP group).The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group,and transfection was performed for 24-48 h,and in addition LPS 1.0 μg/ml was then added,cells were incubated for 5 h,then ATP 5.0 mmol/L was added,and cells were incubated for 1 h in S + LPS/ATP and T + LPS/ATP groups.Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2,caspase-11,NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 (by Western blot).The supernatant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities and concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group S,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Compared with group T,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Compared with group S+LPS/ATP,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Conclusion TIPE2 inhibits pyroptosis in macrophages through down-regulating the expression of caspase-11 in mice.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734610

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha-inducible protein 8 like-2 ( TIPE2) in macrophage pyroptosis in mice. Methods Mouse macrophages J774A. 1 were seeded in 6-cm culture dishes (5 ml∕dish) at the density of 2×105 cells∕ml and divided into 4 groups (n=18 each) using a random number table method: blank vector control group ( C group) , blank vector plus lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)∕ATP group ( C+LPS∕ATP group) , TIPE2 overexpression group ( T group) and TIPE2 overexpres-sion plus LPS∕ATP group ( T+LPS∕ATP group) . Cells were infected with lentivirus without TIPE2 in C and C+LPS∕ATP groups. TIPE2 overexpression stable cell line was constructed in T group and T+LPS∕ATP group. LPS 1. 0 μg∕ml was added and cells were incubated for 5 h, and then ATP 5. 0 mmol∕L was added and cells were incubated for 1 h in C+LPS∕ATP group and T+LPS∕ATP group. Cells were collected for de-tection of the expression of TIPE2, NOD-like receptor protein 3 ( NLRP3) , interleukin-1beta ( IL-1β) and interleukin-8 ( IL-18) by Western blot. Flow cytometry was used to detect the pyroptotic cells, and the per-centage of pyroptotic cells was calculated. The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha ( TNF-α) , IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results Compared with group C, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NL-RP3, IL-1β and IL-18 was up-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were increased in group C+LPS∕ATP (P<0. 05). Com-pared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, IL-1βand IL-18 was up-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group C+LPS∕ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly up-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, IL-1β and IL-18 was down-regulated, and the percentage of pyroptotic cells and concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β and IL-18 in cell culture media were decreased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion TIPE2 can inhibit macrophage pyroptosis, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting activation of NL-RP3 inflammasome in mice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446853

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the roles of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/NF-κB signal pathway in acute lung injury (ALl) induced by blunt chest trauma and by blunt chest trauma-hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (double hits) in rats.Methods Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 240-280 g,were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups (n =10 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (S group),blunt chest trauma group (T group),and blunt chest trauma and hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation group (group THSR).Lung contusion was induced in anesthetized rats by dropping a 300 g weight onto a precordial protective shield to direct the impact force away from the heart and toward the lungs.Blood was withdrawn via the femoral artery 5 min later until MAP was decreased to 35-45 mmHg within 15 min and maintained at this level for 60 min,followed by resuscitation.At 6 h after the model was established,the arterial blood samples were collected for blood gas analysis and detection of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) concentrations in serum.Oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was calculated.The rats were then sacrificed and pulmonary specimens were obtained for determination of TLR4 expression and NF-κB ac tivity (by immunohistochemistry and Western blot) in lung tissues and for microscopic examination.Results Compared with group S,PaO2 and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly decreased,PaCO2 and TNF-α concentrations in serum were increased,TLR4 expression was up-regulated,and NF-κB activity was enhanced in T and THSR groups (P < 0.05).Compared with group T,PaO2 and PaO2/FiO2 were significantly decreased,PaCO2 and TNF-α concentrations in serum were increased,TLR4 expression was up-regulated,and NF-κcB activity was enhanced in THSR group (P < 0.05).The histopathological damage to lung tissues was aggravated in THSR group as compared with T group.Conclusion The role of TLR-4/NF-κB signal pathway in ALI induced by blunt chest traumahemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (double hits) is significantly stronger than that in ALI induced by blunt chest trauma alone in rats.

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