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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1189-1197, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare hyperoside mixed nanomicelles (Hyp-F127/TPGS) and optimize its preparation technology,and to investigate its intestinal absorption characteristics. METHODS Hyp-F127/TPGS was prepared by thin film dispersion method. Based on single factor test and Plackett-Burman design ,combined with Box-Behnken response surface method , the preparation process was optimized and validated using entrapped efficiency (EE)and drug loading (DL)as evaluation indexes , F127-TPGS mass ratio ,hydration time and the amount of Hyp as factors. The appearance and microscopic morphology of Hyp-F127/TPGS obtained by the optimal technology were observed ,and the particle size ,polydispersity index (PDI)and Zeta potential were also determined. The critical micelle concentration (CMC)of blank micelle (F127/TPGS),in vitro release behavior and preliminary stability of Hyp-F 127/TPGS were investigated ,and absorption characteristics of Hyp-F 127/TPGS were investigated by in situ unidirectional intestinal perfusion model. RESULTS The optimal preparation technology of Hyp-F 127/TPGS included F127-TPGS mass ratio of 2∶1,hydration time of 2 h,and Hyp amount of 9 mg. Results of three validation tests showed that the EE of Hyp-F 127/TPGS was (87.20±0.99)%,and the DL was (5.02±1.20)%,deviations from predicted values were 0.92% and 2.39%. The micelles prepared by optimal technology were yellow ,clear and transparent solution ,with good Tyndall effect ;under transmission electron microscope ,they were spherical ,complete and evenly distributed ;the particle size was (15.02±0.16)nm, the PDI was 0.092±0.031,and the Zeta potential was (-6.67±1.47)mV. The CMC of F 127/TPGS was 21 μg/mL,Hyp-F127/ TPGS was stable after 4 weeks of storage at 4 ℃,and the cumulative release rates of Hyp-F 127/TPGS and Hyp control were (66.30±2.93)%(96 h)and(99.24±0.27)%(60 h),respectively. Hyp-F 127/TPGS and Hyp reference were absorbed in each intestinal segment ,and the main absorption sites were jejunum and duodenum respectively ;drug absorption rate constant andapparent absorption coefficient of the former were significantly higher than those of the latter (P<0.05 or P<0.01). E-mail:zhangyuhangxz@163.com CONCLUSIONS The optimized preparation technology of Hyp-F127/TPGS is stable and feasible ;prepared Hyp-F 127/ TPGS shows a sustained -release effect ,which promotes the intestinal absorption of H yp to a certain extent.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 335-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of robot-assisted laparoscopic and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN and LPN) for patients with completely endophytic renal tumor.Methods:A total of 73 patients with completely endophytic renal tumor receiving RAPN (n=29) or LPN (n=44) in our center between January 2015 and June 2021 were retrospectively collected. There were 21 males and 8 females in RAPN group. The average age was 48.6±13.7 years old, average tumor size was 2.9±0.9 cm with 13 left tumors and 16 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 9.2±1.0, and average preoperative eGFR was 82.6±10.7 ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There were 27 males and 17 females in LPN group. The average age was 50.1±12.3 years old, average tumor size was 2.9±0.9 cm with 24 left tumors and 20 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 9.1±1.3, and average preoperative eGFR was 81.7±9.6 ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There was no significant difference in above variables between two groups. The operative time, warm ischemia time, blood loss, postoperative complication, postoperative hospital stay and postoperative 3 months renal function of two groups were compared. Results:All 73 patients successfully underwent RAPN or LPN and no patient converted to radical nephrectomy or open surgery. There was no significant difference in operation time [140(80, 160) min vs. 150 (90, 180) min, P=0.264], intraoperative estimated blood loss[150 (100, 200)vs. 180 (120, 200) ml, P=0.576]and postoperative hospital stay (7.0±2.7 vs. 7.4±2.1 days, P=0.480) between two groups. Compared with LPN group, RAPN group had obvious less warm ischemia time (23.1±3.3 vs. 27.6±4.7 min, P<0.001). No obvious complication occurred in RAPN group and one case with postoperative hemorrhage occurred in LPN group. No positive margin occurred in either group. There was no difference in renal function 3 months after operation between the two groups [73.2±6.3 vs.70.5±7.6ml/(min·1.73 m 2), P=0.117]. The median follow-up period was 22.6 months with no tumor recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions:For experienced surgeons, both RAPN and LPN are safe and feasible for patients with completely endophytic renal tumor. Compared with LPN, RAPN has advantages of perioperative curative effect, which could reduce the operating difficulty and shorten the warm ischemia time.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 81-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of modified early unclamping technique in robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN) for patients with renal tumors.Methods:A total of 32 renal tumor patients undergoing RAPN with modified early unclamping technique between January 2019 and August 2020 were retrospectively collected, including 18 males and 14 females. The average age was (48.5±11.2) years old, average BMI was (23.8±3.7) kg/m 2, average tumor size was (4.2±1.4)cm with 18 left tumors and 14 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 7.6±0.4, and average preoperative eGFR was (84.0±18.6)ml/(min·1.73 m 2). The control group included 66 renal tumor patients undergoing RAPN with standard unclamping technique during the same period by the same surgeon, including 42 males and 24 females. The average age was (50.2±13.8) years old, average BMI was (24.0±4.5)kg/m 2, average tumor size was (4.1±1.6)cm with 35 left tumors and 31 right tumors, average R. E.N.A.L. score was 7.5±0.5, and average preoperative eGFR was (82.8±20.2) ml/(min·1.73 m 2). There was no significant difference in above variables between two groups. Modified early unclamping technique used barbed wire to continually suture 2-3 needles in a short time to close the large space at the outer after the inner suture, and then loosen the blocking clip to restore renal blood supply. The operative time, warm ischemia time, blood loss, postoperative tube removal time, postoperative hospital stay and 3 months postoperative renal function of two groups were compared. Results:All of the 98 RAPN were performed successfully and no patient was converted to radical nephrectomy or open surgery. There was no significant difference in operation time [(120.9±22.8)vs.(111.6±25.0)min, P=0.079], postoperative tube removal time [(4.0±0.6)day vs.(3.8±0.8) day, P=0.214] and postoperative hospital stay [(5.1±0.7)day vs.(5.2±0.5) day, P=0.419] between the two groups. Compared with the standard unclamping group, the modified early unclamping group had obvious less warm ischemia time [(13.5±3.6)min vs.(21.2±4.4) min, P<0.001]. There was no difference in intraoperative estimated blood loss between two groups (110 ml vs. 100 ml, P=0.480). No blood transfusion, urine leakage, postoperative hemorrhage occurred in either group. The 3 months postoperative renal function decline of modified early unclamping group was slightly less than standard unclamping group [(10.5±7.6)ml/(min·1.73m 2)vs.(13.2±6.4) ml/(min·1.73m 2)], but did not reach statistical significance ( P=0.069). The median follow-up period was 12.4 months(4-24 months) without any recurrence or metastasis. Conclusions:The modified early unclamping technique in RAPN for patients with renal tumors is safe and feasible. Compared with the standard unclamping technique, the modified early unclamping technique could shorten the warm ischemia time without increasing blood loss and complications, and might protect the postoperative renal function, which has high value in clinical practice.

4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 330-343, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891299

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) has been reported to be a cancer-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) implicated in the progression of several cancers; however, its role in breast cancer (BC) has not yet been clarified. @*Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine NORAD, microRNA (miR)-155-5p, and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA expression levels. Western blotting was used to analyze SOCS1 protein expression. The malignancy of BC cells was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), BrdU, and Transwell assays.Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to verify the targeted relationship between NORAD and miR-155-5p.Additionally, the regulatory effects of NORAD and miR-155-5p on SOCS1 expression were determined by western blotting. @*Results@#NORAD expression was significantly reduced in BC cell lines and tissues, and its low expression was associated with poor tumor tissue differentiation. NORAD overexpression repressed BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas its knockdown produced the opposite effects. Additionally, miR-155-5p was found to be a target of NORAD, and the biological functions of miR-155-5p and NORAD were counteractive. MiR-155-5p was confirmed to target SOCS1, and SOCS1 was found to be positively regulated by NORAD. @*Conclusion@#NORAD suppresses miR-155-5p to upregulate SOCS1, thereby repressing the proliferation, migration, and invasion of BC cells.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 330-343, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899003

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Non-coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) has been reported to be a cancer-related long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) implicated in the progression of several cancers; however, its role in breast cancer (BC) has not yet been clarified. @*Methods@#Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to examine NORAD, microRNA (miR)-155-5p, and suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) mRNA expression levels. Western blotting was used to analyze SOCS1 protein expression. The malignancy of BC cells was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), BrdU, and Transwell assays.Bioinformatics analysis, RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to verify the targeted relationship between NORAD and miR-155-5p.Additionally, the regulatory effects of NORAD and miR-155-5p on SOCS1 expression were determined by western blotting. @*Results@#NORAD expression was significantly reduced in BC cell lines and tissues, and its low expression was associated with poor tumor tissue differentiation. NORAD overexpression repressed BC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas its knockdown produced the opposite effects. Additionally, miR-155-5p was found to be a target of NORAD, and the biological functions of miR-155-5p and NORAD were counteractive. MiR-155-5p was confirmed to target SOCS1, and SOCS1 was found to be positively regulated by NORAD. @*Conclusion@#NORAD suppresses miR-155-5p to upregulate SOCS1, thereby repressing the proliferation, migration, and invasion of BC cells.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 344-353, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The mitotic count of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) is closely associated with the risk of planting and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to develop a predictive model for the mitotic index of local primary GIST, based on deep learning algorithm. @*Materials and Methods@#Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT images of 148 pathologically confirmed GIST cases were retrospectively collected for the development of a deep learning classification algorithm. The areas of GIST masses on the CT images were retrospectively labelled by an experienced radiologist. The postoperative pathological mitotic count was considered as the gold standard (high mitotic count, > 5/50 high-power fields [HPFs]; low mitotic count, ≤ 5/50 HPFs). A binary classification model was trained on the basis of the VGG16 convolutional neural network, using the CT images with the training set (n = 108), validation set (n = 20), and the test set (n = 20). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated at both, the image level and the patient level. The receiver operating characteristic curves were generated on the basis of the model prediction results and the area under curves (AUCs) were calculated. The risk categories of the tumors were predicted according to the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology criteria. @*Results@#At the image level, the classification prediction results of the mitotic counts in the test cohort were as follows:sensitivity 85.7% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.834–0.877), specificity 67.5% (95% CI: 0.636–0.712), PPV 82.1% (95% CI: 0.797–0.843), NPV 73.0% (95% CI: 0.691–0.766), and AUC 0.771 (95% CI: 0.750–0.791). At the patient level, the classification prediction results in the test cohort were as follows: sensitivity 90.0% (95% CI: 0.541–0.995), specificity 70.0% (95% CI: 0.354–0.919), PPV 75.0% (95% CI: 0.428–0.933), NPV 87.5% (95% CI: 0.467–0.993), and AUC 0.800 (95% CI: 0.563–0.943). @*Conclusion@#We developed and preliminarily verified the GIST mitotic count binary prediction model, based on the VGG convolutional neural network. The model displayed a good predictive performance.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 381-386, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the prognosis of fluoroucil combined with cisplatin and paclitaxel combined with cisplatin regimens with concurrent radiotherapy in treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods:A total of 120 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who were admitted to Anyang Tumor Hospital of Henan Province from December 2012 to November 2018 were randomly divided into group A and group B by using a random number generator. Group A was given cisplatin combined with 5-fluorouracil, and group B was given cisplatin combined with paclitaxel. Both groups had the same radiotherapy regimen, and both used intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). Completions of 50 Gy radiotherapy and at least one cycle of chemotherapy were considered to be in line with the plan. Survival data was analyzed in the term of intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) set.Results:Of the 120 patients, 114 patients were treated and the adverse reactions could be evaluated, including 55 cases in group A and 59 cases in group B. The incidence of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ leukopenia in group B was higher than that in group A [49.2% (29/59) vs. 25.5% (14/55)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 6.805, P = 0.012), and there were no statistical differences in the other adverse reactions between the two groups (All P > 0.05). A total of 113 cases can be analyzed for survival. According to ITT analysis, the median progression-free survival (PFS) time in group A and group B was 28.0 months (95% CI 15.5-34.5 months) and 27.0 months (95% CI 17.0-41.0 months), the median overall survival (OS) time was 28.0 months (95% CI 15.8-34.2 months) and not reached, the differences were not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). According to PP analysis, the median PFS time in group A and group B was 28.0 months (95% CI 15.8-34.2 months) and 29.0 months (95% CI 14.9-45.1 months), the median OS time in group A and group B was 28.0 months (95% CI 3.7-52.3 months) and not reached, the differences were not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). Conclusions:The fluorouracil combined with cisplatin regimen and paclitaxel combined with cisplatin regimen with concurrent radiotherapy have similar PFS and OS time in treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, the adverse reactions are different, but they are all tolerable. In individualized clinical practice, the toxicities and costs of the two regimens can be comprehensively considered.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 127-131, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734582

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the technique and report our initial experience of transvesical robot assisted radical prostatectomy (TvRARP).Methods From April 2018 to August 2018,10 patients underwent TvRARP performed by a single surgical team were retrospectively reviewed.Preoperative data of patients [aged (58.6 ± 9.4) years,BMI (26.5 ± 3.1) kg/m2,tPSA (19.5 ± 4.1) ng/ml,biopsy Gleason score 6(6-7),prostate volume (33.4 ± 15.8) ml and IIEF-5 score 12 (10-16)] were collected.Preoperative study revealed 8 cases of cT1c,1 case of cT2a and 1 case of cT2b.All patients were continent preoperatively.During the surgical procedure,the bladder was opened,and a circumferential incision was then made around the internal urethral orifice.Initially,posterior dissection of bilateral vas deferens and seminal vesicles was performed,followed by posterior dissection towards apex.Lateral dissection of neurovascular bundles was performed before anterior dissection towards apex.The exposed urethra was transected and specimen was removed.Vesicourethral anastomosis and closure of bladder was performed in a standard way.Results All 10 cases were successfully performed robotically without conversion,transfusion or other major intraoperative or postoperative complications.Postoperative pathology confirmed 6 cases of pT2a,3 cases of pT2b and 1 case of pT2c [median Gleason score 6 (6-7)].One case was reported positive surgical margin.Operative time was (140.5 ± 35.5) mins.Estimated blood loss was (65.5 ± 35.5) ml.Urethral catheter was removed at 7 days postoperatively.Nine patients achieved urinary continence (0 pads) immediately after the removal of urinary catheter,while 1 patient returned to full continence at 2 weeks postoperatively.During a mean follow-up of 3 months (2-4 months),no biochemical recurrence was detected (tPSA < 0.2 ng/ml).At 2 months postoperatively,IIEF-5 score was 11 (8-13) and no statistically difference was made compared with preoperative data (p > 0.05).Conclusions Transvesical approach is a valid alternative of RARP in patients bearing localized low-risk prostate cancer.Tumor control and preservation of erectile function remains to be determined by long term follow-up.

9.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1065-1070, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807800

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (HDCP) on the mortality and early complications of premature infants.@*Methods@#The general clinical data of preterm infants with gestational age 24-36+ 6 weeks were collected from the cooperative units in the task group from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014.According to the severity of HDCP, the infants were divided into 4 groups: HDCP group, preeclampsia group, eclampsia group and non HDCP group, the mortality and major complications of preterm infants were compared, and the influencing factors were analyzed.@*Results@#The mortality rate of preterm in the HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group, and there was statistical significance (χ2=9.970, P=0.019). Eclampsia had a highest fatality rate (4.8%) in the early stage, compared with non HDCP group (2.2%), and the difference was statistically significant.Comparison of HDCP group (1.8%) and eclampsia group (3.2%) suggested that there was no statistically significant difference.The incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm in HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group, and there was statistical significance (χ2=13.241, P=0.004). Eclampsia group showed the highest incidence (35.4%), compared with non HDCP group (16.2%), the difference was statistically significant, but compared with HDCP group (19.9%), preeclampsia group (17.1%), there was no significant diffe-rence.The incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm in HDCP group was significantly higher than that of non HDCP group (χ2=9.592, P=0.022), the highest incidence showed up in eclampsia group (9.7%), compared with non HDCP group (2.0%) and HDCP group (1.7%), the difference was statistically significant.But there was no statistically significant difference, compared with preeclampsia group.As the degree of HDCP aggravated, the incidence of BPD gradually rose.There was no significant impact on necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and sepsis of HDCP (χ2=7.054, 7.214, 0.358, 3.852; P=0.070, 0.065, 0.949, 0.278). Considering the overall outcome of the child, that was, whether the child died or survived, he had at least one complication, and HDCP had an effect on it (χ2=15.697, P=0.001), so the incidence increased while the degree of HDCP rose gradually.After adjusting gestational age, birth weight, sex, way of delivery, placental abruption and front placenta, prenatal hormonal, gestational diabetes, neonatal asphyxia and other factors, the results displayed that HDCP was the factor leading to the death of premature baby (OR=2.159, 95%CI: 1.093-4.266), and comparison between preeclampsia and eclampsia showed no statistical difference (P=0.714, 0.389); HDCP had no significant influence on RDS, BDP, ICH, NEC, ROP and sepsis.@*Conclusions@#HDCP leads to increased risk of premature death, but also leads to the increased incidence of RDS and BPD, but it had no obvious effect on NEC, ROP, IVH, sepsis and other complications.

10.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1503-1507, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696626

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the safety and efficacy of intrathecal administration of adipose stem cells de-rived from bioactive secretome (ASCBS)in treatment of whiter matter injury (WMI)in the preterm infants. Methods Sixty - three cases of WMI were recruited according to the uniform standards from multiple medical centers and they were divided into 3 gestational age (GA)subgroups,which were 21 cases in group A (GA 24 - 28 + 6 ),20 cases in group B (GA 29 - 32 + 6 ),and 22 cases in group C (GA 33 - 36 + 6 ). The patients were randomly divided into treatment groups and control groups by tossing coins. The treatment groups received lumbar puncture followed with ASCBS intra-thecal injection once daily for 3 consecutive days. Follow - up study included Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assess-ment (NBNA)at term - equivalent age and neurodevelopment at corrected age of 6 - month. Neurodevelopment was assessed by using the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and Peabody Developmental Motor Scale. The survival rates, NBNA scores,mental development index (MDI),psychomotor develop index (PDI),total motor development quotient, gross motor development quotient and fine motor development among each subgroup were compared. Results Sixty -three cases were recruited,including 31 in the treatment group and 32 in the control group. Only 1 case in the treatment groups lost in the follow - up. No clinical side effects were found in the treatment groups. There was no significant diffe-rence in the survival rate and complication in the preterms in all subgroups of the treatment group and control group (all P > 0. 05). The gross and total motor development quotient in the treatment group A was higher than that in the control group A(gross motor development quotient:98. 330 ± 6. 282 in treatment group A,90. 330 ± 3. 777 in control group A, P = 0. 040;total motor development quotient:97. 330 ± 4. 803 in treatment group A,91. 000 ± 4. 472 in control group A,P = 0. 023). The rest findings showed no significant difference between groups. Conclusion The treatment of WMI in preterm infants with ASCBS is safe and can promote the motor development of preterm infants with GA in 24 - 28 weeks.

11.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 725-728,738, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712892

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze copy number variance (CNV) in whole genome by using gene chip technology, and to screen the radiosensitivity associated genes on esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods The patients with ESCC who received radiotherapy alone in Anyang Tumor Hospital from December 2013 to August 2016 were selected, and biopsy paraffin samples were preserved in the center of pathology. The patients were divided into radiosensitivity group (group S) and radio-resistance group (group R). DNA was extracted from these paraffin samples in both groups. Whole human genome CNV was detected by using genechip from OncoScan Array platform designed by Affymetrix company, and the differences of gene segments were screened in the two groups. Results Nineteen samples of ESCC patients were collected to extract DNA in this study. To balance pair analysis in the two groups, 10 samples were selected from the qualified patients, including 5 cases in group S and 5 cases in group R respectively. There were no statistical differences in gender, age, lesion site, lesion length, radiation dose of the two groups (all P> 0.05). Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) was the main type of CNV. The analysis results showed that LOH in q24.32-q24.33 of chromosome 10 and LOH in q21.2-q21.31 of chromosome 18 had high frequencies (100 %) in group R, however, none were detected in group S. LOH in q27-q28.1 of chromosome 4 had a high frequency (80%) in group S , however, none were detected in group R. Conclusion LOH in 10q/18q is related to radio-resistance in ESCC, and LOH in 4p is associated with radiosensitivity in ESCC.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 428-432, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620213

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the technique and report our initial experience of Retziussparing robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and compare perioperative outcomes with the standard veil of Aphrodite technique (Veil technique).Methods nineteen Retzius-sparing RALP and 20 Veil nerve sparing RALP with posterior reconstruction for T1c to T2c prostate cancer performed by a single surgical team between 2015 January and 2016 December were retrospectively reviewed.Preoperative data of patients in Retzius-sparing group [patient age (66.3 ± 5.9) years,BMI (25.5 ± 3.1) kg/m2,tPSA (16.4 ± 5.0) ng/ml,biopsy Gleason score 6 (5-7),prostate volume (32.7 ± 7.4) ml and IIEF-5 score 14(5-18)] and Veil group[patient age (64.6 ±7.3) years,BMI (25.5 ±2.0) kg/m2,tPSA (18.5 ± 11.0) ng/ml,biopsy Gleason score 7(5-8),prostate volume (31.4± 10.8)ml and IIEF-5 score 15(6-19)].No significant difference was found between the two group in the above parameters (all P > 0.05).All patients were continent preoperatively.Retzius-sparing RALP and Veil nerve sparing RALP were performed via transperitoneal RALP.Operative time,estimated blood loss,postoperative hospital stay,postoperative staging,postoperative Gleason score,return of urinary continence and postoperative IIEF-5 score of the two groups were statistically analyzed.Results All 39 cases were successfully performed robotically without conversion,transfusion or other major intraoperative and postoperative complications.Postoperative pathology confirmed pT2a 5 cases,pT2b 8 cases and pT2c 6 cases in Retzius-sparing group and pT2a 7 cases,pT2b 5 cases and pT2c 8 cases in Veil group (all P > 0.05).For Retzius group,operative time was (106.5 ± 26.4) min and estimated blood loss was (48.9 ± 20.2) ml;for Veil group,operative time was (93.2± 20.8) min and estimated blood loss was (42.5 ± 16.8) ml.No significant difference was found in the above parameters (all P > 0.05).Urethral catheter was removed at postoperative 7-day (Retzius-sparing group) and 21-day (Veil group),respectively.18 patients in Retzius-sparing group achieved urinary continence (0 pads) immediately after the removal of urinary catheter,while 1 patient returned to full continence in 2 weeks postoperatively.Patients in Veil group returned to continence (6.8 ± 3.6) weeks postoperatively (P < 0.001).At 3-month follow up,IIEF-5 score was 14 (4-16) in Retziussparing group and 14 (4-18) in Veil group;no significant changes was noted in preoperative and postoperative IIEF-5 score in both groups,or in postoperative IIEF-5 scores in the two groups (P > 0.05).No sign of tumor recurrence was appreciated for all cases (tPSA < 0.2 ng/ml) during follow-up of 6 months (3 to 12 months).Conclusions Retzius-sparing RALP and the Veil nerve sparing RALP were both effective for the surgical treatment of localized prostate cancer.Our data revealed no statistical difference in perioperative outcomes between the two approaches,however,the Retzius-sparing technique seemed to yield a better outcome regarding early return to urinary continence postoperatively.

13.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 615-618, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480862

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the clinical efficacy of human neural stem cell (hNSC) transplantation in the treatment of severe cerebral palsy (CP) in children.Methods hNSCs were obtained from the forebrain of 10 to 12-week-fetus.Forty children with CP were voluntarily received hNSC transplantation that were injected into cerebral ventricle.The development of motor and fine motor functions were evaluated by GMFM and PDMS-FM 1 month before hNSC transplantation.as well as 3 and 6 months after hNSC transplantation.Results Twenty six (65%) cases displayed improvement from day 5 to month 6 after hNSC transplantation.GMFM assessment showed that the percentage was (4.52±2.50) % 1 month before hNSC transplantation,(7.74±2.94) % 3 months after hNSC transplantation and (13.01±6.71)% 6 months after hNSC transplantation,indicating a significant improvement by the treatment of hNSC transplantation(P<0.05).The percentage in PDMS-FM evaluation was (15.01± 12.00)%,(20.34± 11.91) % and (30.02± 12.50) % one month before hNSC transplantation,3 and 6 months after hNSC transplantation,respectively,also suggesting a significant improvement induced by hNSC transplantation treatment (P<0.05).Moreover,the developmental improvement was the most prominent among 1-3 months post hNSC transplantation.Then the development slowed down.Significantly,patients received no hNSC transplantation experienced serious adverse events or complications.Conclusions hNSC transplantation is an effective and safer therapy for severe CP.Future observations are needed to evaluate long-term clinical efficacy of the therapy.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 459-463, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426014

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of human interferon-beta (IFN-β) gene engineered human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) in the treatment of human prostate cancer xenograft in nude mice.Methods An adenovirus vector containing human IFN-β gene was constructed and transfected into hMSC in vitro.IFN-β-expressing mesenchymal stem cells (IFN-β-hMSC) were labeled with 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI).The human prostate cancer cell line PC-3 were injected into the flank or axillary of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice subcutaneously to establish human prostate cancer xenograft models.IFN-β-hMSC were injected into the tail vein of mice bearing human prostate cancer xenografts.The tumors,livers,lungs,spleens and kidneys were harvested.Frozen sections and paraffin sections were used to observe the distribution of IFN-β-hMSC in vivo by fluorescence microscope.Mice were divided into seven groups of six animals randomly,IFN-β-hMSC (2 × 106,2 × 105 ) as treatment group,Ad-hMSC,unmodified hMSC,Ad-IFN-β,Recombinant IFN-β,and NS as control group.The weight of the tumor and the survival time of mice were observed to evaluate the experimental efficacies of IFN-β-hMSC in the treatment of prostate cancer. Results IFN-β-hMSC with blue nuclei were distributed extensively in the tumors,but no blue nucleus was seen in the livers,lungs,spleens and kidneys.After treating,the weights of the tumour masses from mice were (1.35 ±0.28) g,(1.43±0.41) g,(3.49 ±0.25)g,(3.58±0.30)g,(3.30 ±0.24) g,(3.32 ±0.25) g,(3.32 ±0.47) g in the IFN-β-hMSC (2 ×106),IFN-β-hMSC (2 ×105),Ad-hMSC,unmodified hMSC,Ad-IFN-β,Recombinant IFN-β,and NS group,the median survival time from mice were 91 d,87 d,57 d,59 d,62 d,61 d,61 d in the IFN-β-hMSC (2 × 106),IFN-β-hMSC (2 × 105),Ad-hMSC,unmodified hMSCs,Ad-IFN-β,Recombinant IFN-β,and NS group,respectively.Injection of IFN-β-MSC can significantly reduce tumor weight and increase animal survival compared with controls ( P < 0.05 ). Conclusion IFN-β-hMSC can migrate to prostate cancer microenviroment in vivo,and injection of IFN-β-MSC can significantly reduce tumor weight and increase animal survival.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1103-1105, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977815

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To investigate the clinical effect of human neural stem cells transplantation on severe visual disability infants after cerebral palsy. Methods Cells obtained from the forebrain of an 11-week-old abortive fetus were cultured and expanded for 15 days, then injected into cerebral ventricle of 7 patients. Results Their vision of 4 patients improved, as well as changes of flash visual evoked potential and functional magnetic resonance imaging in a few days after transplantation. Conclusion Neural stem cells transplantation may benefit in some CP children with severe visual disability.

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