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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1186-1197, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929360

ABSTRACT

The transcription factor nuclear factor of kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) is expressed in brown adipocytes, but its role remains largely unknown in the cells. This issue was addressed in current study by examining NF-κB in brown adipocytes in vitro and in vivo. NF-κB activity was increased by differentiation of brown adipocytes through elevation of p65 (RelA) expression. The transcriptional activity of NF-κB was induced by the cold stimulation with an elevation in S276 phosphorylation of p65 protein. Inactivation of NF-κB in brown adipocytes made the knockout mice [uncoupling protein 1 (Ucp1)-CreER-p65f/f, U-p65-KO] intolerant to the cold environment. The brown adipocytes exhibited an increase in apoptosis, a decrease in cristae density and uncoupling activity in the interscapular brown adipose tissue (iBAT) of p65-KO mice. The alterations became severer after cold exposure of the KO mice. The brown adipocytes of mice with NF-κB activation (p65 overexpression, p65-OE) exhibited a set of opposite alterations with a reduction in apoptosis, an increase in cristae density and uncoupling activity. In mechanism, NF-κB inhibited expression of the adenine nucleotide translocase 2 (ANT2) in the control of apoptosis. Data suggest that NF-κB activity is increased in brown adipocytes by differentiation and cold stimulation to protect the cells from apoptosis through down-regulation of ANT2 expression.

2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 126-138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929192

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the quality of care of diabetes in Shanghai, China. A total of 173 235 patients with type 2 diabetes in 2017 were included in the analysis. Profiles of risk factors and intermediate outcomes were determined. The patients had a mean age of 66.43 ± 8.12 (standard deviation (SD)) years and a mean diabetes duration of 7.95 ± 5.53 (SD) years. The percentage of patients who achieved the target level for HbA1c (< 7.0%) was 48.6%. Patients who achieved the target levels for blood pressure (BP) < 130/80 mmHg and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) < 2.6 mmol/L reached 17.5% and 34.0%, respectively. A total of 3.8% achieved all three target levels, and the value increased to 6.8% with an adaptation of the BP target level (< 140/90 mmHg) for those over 65 years. Multivariable analysis identified the factors associated with a great likelihood of achieving all three target levels: male, young age, short diabetes duration, low body mass index, macrovascular complications, no microvascular complications, prescribed with lipid-lowering medication, and no prescription of antihypertensive medication. In conclusion, nearly 50% and one-third of the patients with diabetes met the target levels for HbA1c and LDL-c, respectively, with a low percentage achieving the BP target level. The percentage of patients who achieved all three target levels needs significant improvement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Pressure , China/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911469

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTC) and glucose metabolism in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) diagnosed by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1H-MRS). Methods:A total of 239 subjects without diabetes mellitus were previously enrolled and underwent 1H-MRS scans. Anthropometric indexes including height, weight, waist and blood pressure, and laboratory findings as plasma glucose (PG), insulin (INS), C-peptide (CP), liver enzymes [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)] and lipid profiles were collected. According to IHTC levels, participants were divided into three groups: the non-NAFLD group (IHTC<5.56%), the mild NAFLD group (IHTC 5.56%-<33%), and the moderate and severe NAFLD group (IHTC ≥ 33%). The clinical characteristics of each group were analyzed, and the correlation between IHTC and glucose metabolism were assessed. Results:Compared with those in the non-NAFLD group, male proportion, waist, 120 min postprandial PG (PG120), CP, liver enzymes and total cholesterol (TC) levels were greater in the NAFLD group, whereas insulin sensitivity index-Cederholm (ISI-Cederholm) and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were lower in the NAFLD groups. Subjects in the moderate and severe NAFLD group had higher levels of 120 min postprandial INS (INS120) and Stumvoll indexes, and lower ISI-Cederholm than those in the mild NAFLD group [80.37 (57.68, 112.70) mU/L vs.110.50(71.78, 172.80)mU/L, 1453(1178, 1798)vs.1737(1325, 2380), 358(297, 446) vs.441(318, 594), 2.27(2.01, 2.53) vs.2.06(1.81, 2.39), respectively, all P<0.05]. Correlation analyses showed that IHTC was significantly positively correlated with waist hip ratio (WHR), PG120, INS120, HOMA insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), Stumvoll 1st-insulin secretion, Stumvoll 2nd-insulin secretion, ALT, AST, GGT and TC ( r=0.197, 0.274, 0.334, 0.162, 0.199, 0.211, 0.406, 0.361, 0.215, and 0.196, respectively, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with ISI-Cederholm and HDL-C ( r=-0.334, and-0.237, respectively, all P<0.05). Furthermore, a multiple linear stepwise regression analysis indicated that ISI-Cederholm (Standardized β =-0.298, P<0.001) and Stumvoll 1st insulin secretion (Standardized β = 0.164, P = 0.024) were independent factors of IHTC. Conclusions:Peripheral insulin resistance occurs in the early stage of NAFLD and becomes worse with the progression of the disease. IHTC was independently associated with insulin sensitivity and first-phase insulin secretion.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911468

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of Tonghua Dongbao′s insulin aspart injection (Rishulin) and NovoRapid (Novo Nordisk) in the treatment of diabetes.Methods:A 26-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-group, positive control drug and non-inferiority trial was conducted in 23 centers in China. A total of 563 diabetes with poor blood glucose control treated with insulin for at least 3 months before were included. The subjects were randomized(stratified block random method) into those receiving Rishulin or NovoRapid at a ratio of 3∶1. Both groups were combined with basal insulin (Lantus). The primary endpoint was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline to the end of 24 weeks of treatment.Results:For full analysis set, after 24 weeks of treatment, HbA1c level of Ruishulin group decreased from (8.66±1.28)% to (7.77±1.09)% ( P<0.001), and that of NovoRapid group decreased from (8.47±1.28) % to (7.65±0.97) % ( P<0.001). Treatment difference in HbA1c (NovoRapid group-Ruishulin group) was -0.061% (95% CI -0.320-0.199). HbA1c<7.0% target reacing rates were 24.26% and 21.21% ( P=0.456), and HbA1c<6.5% target reacing rates were 9.65% and 6.82% ( P=0.310) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, repectively. The standard 2 hours postprandial blood glucose (2hPG) in Ruishulin group decreased from (16.23±5.22) mmol/L to (12.65±4.57) mmol/L ( P<0.001), and 2hPG in NovoRapid group decreased from (16.13±5.37) mmol/L to (11.91)±4.21) mmol/L ( P<0.001). The fingertips blood glucose at 7-point of both groups exhibited varying degrees of reduction compared with those at baseline, repectively. Positive ratios of specific antibodies were 31.68% in Ruishulin group and 36.36% in NovoRapid group ( P=0.320). Ratios of negative to positive were 7.43% and 10.61% ( P=0.360), and ratios of positive to negative were 10.40% and 7.58% ( P=0.360) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. The incidence of hypoglycemia was 60.05% and 55.40% ( P=0.371), and the incidence of adverse events was 76.60% and 77.70% ( P=0.818) in Ruishulin group and NovoRapid group, respectively. Conclusions:Rishulin is not inferior to NovoRapid, and has shown good efficacy and safety. It can be an ideal choice for clinicians in patients with poor blood glucose control with insulin.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2861-2868, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906876

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish simple screening models for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in the adult Blang population. Methods Based on the survey data of metabolic diseases in the Blang people aged 18 years or above in 2017, 2993 respondents were stratified by sex and age (at an interval of 5 years) and then randomly divided into modeling group with 1497 respondents and validation group with 1496 respondents. Related information was collected, including demographic data, smoking, drinking, family history of diseases and personal medical history, body height, body weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure, and related markers were measured, including fasting plasma glucose, 2-hour postprandial plasma glucose or blood glucose at 2 hours after glucose loading, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to establish the screening model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were used to evaluate the screening performance of established models versus existing models in the study population, and the DeLong method was used for comparison of AUC. Results Three screening models for NAFLD were established based on physical and biochemical measurements, i.e., simple noninvasive model 1 (age, body mass index, and waist circumference), noninvasive model 2 with the addition of blood pressure, and model 3 with the combination of hematological parameters (diabetes and ALT/AST). In the modeling group, the three models had an AUC of 0.881 (95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.864-0.897), 0.892 (95% CI : 0.875-0.907), and 0.894 (95% CI : 0.877-0.909), respectively, and there was a significant difference between model 1 and models 2/3 ( P =0.004 0 and P 0.05). Based on the overall consideration of screening performance, invasiveness, and cost, the simple noninvasive model 1 was considered the optimal screening model for NAFLD in this population. Model 1 had the highest Youden index at the cut-off value of 5 points, and when the score of ≥5 points was selected as the criteria for NAFLD, the model had a sensitivity of 86.5%, a specificity of 79.7%, a positive predictive value of 50.3%, and a negative predictive value of 96.1% in the modeling group and a sensitivity of 85.6%, a specificity of 80.6%, a positive predictive value of 51.7%, and a negative predictive value of 95.8% in the validation group. Conclusion The NAFLD screening models established for the adult Blang population based on age and obesity indicators have relatively higher sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value, and this tool is of important practical significance for the intervention of NAFLD and its closely related metabolic diseases in this population.

6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 460-471, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888754

ABSTRACT

Lifestyle interventions, including dietary adjustments and exercise, are important for obesity management. This study enrolled adults with overweight or obesity to explore whether either low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) or exercise is more effective in metabolism improvement. Forty-five eligible subjects were randomly divided into an LCD group (n = 22) and an exercise group (EX, n = 23). The subjects either adopted LCD (carbohydrate intake < 50 g/day) or performed moderate-to-vigorous exercise (⩾ 30 min/day) for 3 weeks. After the interventions, LCD led to a larger weight loss than EX ( - 3.56 ± 0.37 kg vs. - 1.24 ± 0.39 kg, P < 0.001), as well as a larger reduction in fat mass ( - 2.10 ± 0.18 kg vs. - 1.25 ± 0.24 kg, P = 0.007) and waist circumference ( - 5.25 ± 0.52 cm vs. - 3.45 ± 0.38 cm, P = 0.008). Both interventions reduced visceral and subcutaneous fat and improved liver steatosis and insulin resistance. Triglycerides decreased in both two groups, whereas low-density lipoprotein cholesterol increased in the LCD group but decreased in the EX group. Various glycemic parameters, including serum glycated albumin, mean sensor glucose, coefficient of variability (CV), and largest amplitude of glycemic excursions, substantially declined in the LCD group. Only CV slightly decreased after exercise. This pilot study suggested that the effects of LCD and exercise are similar in alleviating liver steatosis and insulin resistance. Compared with exercise, LCD might be more efficient for weight loss and glucose homeostasis in people with obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Glucose , Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted , Homeostasis , Humans , Pilot Projects , Weight Loss
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 758-768, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774945

ABSTRACT

Sennoside A (SA) is a bioactive component of Chinese herbal medicines with an activity of irritant laxative, which is often used in the treatment of constipation and obesity. However, its activity remains unknown in the regulation of insulin sensitivity. In this study, the impact of SA on insulin sensitivity was tested in high fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice through dietary supplementation. At a dosage of 30 mg/kg/day, SA improved insulin sensitivity in the mice after 8-week treatment as indicated by HOMA-IR (homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance) and glucose tolerance test (GTT). SA restored plasma level of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1) by 90% and mRNA expression of by 80% in the large intestine of HFD mice. In the mechanism, SA restored the gut microbiota profile, short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and mucosal structure in the colon. A mitochondrial stress was observed in the enterocytes of HFD mice with ATP elevation, structural damage, and complex dysfunction. The mitochondrial response was induced in enterocytes by the dietary fat as the same responses were induced by palmitic acid in the cell culture. The mitochondrial response was inhibited in HFD mice by SA treatment. These data suggest that SA may restore the function of microbiota-GLP1 axis to improve glucose metabolism in the obese mice.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 461-470, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771247

ABSTRACT

The gut microbiota plays an important role in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). To learn more about the dysbiosis of carcinogenesis, we assessed alterations in gut microbiota in patients with CRC. A total of 23 subjects were enrolled in this study: 9 had CRC (CRC group) and 14 had normal colons (normal group). The microbiome of the mucosal-luminal interface of each subject was sampled and analyzed using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. We also used Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) to predict microbial functional profiles. The microbial composition of the mucosal lumen differed between the groups, and the presence of specific bacteria may serve as a potential biomarker for colorectal carcinogenesis. We identified a significant reduction in Eubacterium, which is a butyrate-producing genera of bacteria, and a significant increase in Devosia in the gut microbiota of CRC patients. Different levels of gut microflora in healthy and CRC samples were identified. The observed abundance of bacterial species belonging to Eubacterium and Devosia may serve as a promising biomarker for the early detection of CRC.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734692

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and associated risk factors of diabetes and prediabetes in Blang ethnic adults in Menghai county. Methods A cross-sectional survey including 3 365 Blang ethnic adults (aged 18 and above from 5 administrative villages) was conducted from February 2017 to March 2017 in Menghai county. A questionnaire, physical examination, and blood assays were included in the survey. Finally,a total of 3 237 adults with complete data were selected into this analysis. Results The standardized prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in Blang ethnic adults were estimated based on the sixth national census in 2010. According to the 1999 WHO criteria, the overall standardized prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes were 8.5% (men: 10.2%, women: 6.8%) and 16.1% (men: 18.0%, women: 14.1%), in which the standardized prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes among the total population was 7.3% (men: 8.7%, women: 5.8%). Multivariable multinominal logistic regression analyses showed that age, hypertension, hypertriglyceridemia, and central obesity were significantly positively associated with both diabetes and prediabetes, with the corresponding odds ratios of 1.74 and 1.37, 2.39 and 2.02, 2.30 and 1.34, 2.55 and 1.73, respectively. Conclusion The prevalence of diabetes is relatively high in Blang ethnic adults in Menghai county. Improving knowledge of diabetes among the local population is one of key steps in the prevention of diabetes.

10.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 624-633, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771278

ABSTRACT

Although type 2 diabetes is a disease often associated with aging, the global prevalence of early-onset diabetes has been increasing due to man's sedentary lifestyle, low-physical activity, obesity, and some nonmodifiable risk factors. Many studies have found that individuals with early-onset type 2 diabetes were at higher risk of developing vascular complications than those with late-onset diabetes. Individuals with early-onset diabetes are usually unwilling to visit hospital and have more confidence in their health, which results in poor glycemic control and the delayed detection of diabetes-related complications. Few studies have focused on the treatment and prevention of complications in specific population of individuals with early-onset type 2 diabetes. Therefore, focusing on this particular population is critical for the government and academic societies. Screening for T2DM is imminent for young adults with a family history of diabetes, obesity, markers of insulin resistance, or alcohol consumption. More data are definitely required to establish a reasonable risk model to screen for early-onset diabetes.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Alcohol Drinking , Cardiovascular Diseases , Epidemiology , China , Epidemiology , Comorbidity , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Obesity , Epidemiology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Risk Factors
11.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 697-706, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771274

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress induced by free fatty acid aggravates endothelial injury, which leads to diabetic cardiovascular complications. Reduction of intracellular oxidative stress may attenuate these pathogenic processes. The dietary polyphenol resveratrol reportedly exerts potential protective effects against endothelial injury. This study determined whether resveratrol can reduce the palmitic acid (PA)-induced generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and further explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that resveratrol significantly reduced the PA-induced endothelial ROS levels in human aortic endothelial cells. Resveratrol also induced endothelial cell autophagy, which mediated the effect of resveratrol on ROS reduction. Resveratrol stimulated autophagy via the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)-mTOR pathway. Taken together, these data suggest that resveratrol prevents PA-induced intracellular ROS by autophagy regulation via the AMPK-mTOR pathway. Thus, the induction of autophagy by resveratrol may provide a novel therapeutic candidate for cardioprotection in metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Animals , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Autophagy , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Resveratrol , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806288

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of dyslipidemia among adults in the southern mountains of Ningxia Hui Aulonomous Region.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of 10 639 adults in the southern mountains using a population proportionate-sampling method in 2014. Questionnaires were completed and physical and laboratory examinations were performed. A total of 10 172 subjects were included in the analysis after excluding those with missing data. Dyslipidemia was diagnosed according to "Chinese guidelines for the prevention and treatment of dyslipidemia in adults" (2007).@*Results@#The prevalence of dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was 33.90%, 0.30%, 12.52%, 28.53%, and 1.14%, and the age-specific prevalence was 32.42%, 0.29%, 10.97%, 27.70%, and 1.07%, respectively. Borderline high triglycerides and borderline increased LDL-C were found in 13.09% and 6.52% of the study population, respectively. The rates of hypertriglyceridemia, decreased HDL-C, and dyslipidemia were higher in males than in females (P<0.05). The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in the group characterized by the risk factors of obesity, hypertension, diabetes, hyperuricemia, smoking, and drinking, compared to those without these factors (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of dyslipidemia was higher in men than in women, and the differences were statistically significant. Hypertriglyceridemia and decreased HDL-C were the two major types of dyslipidemia. Obesity, hypertension, diabetes, hyperuricemia, smoking, and drinking alcohol increased the risk of dyslipidemia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710083

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and prediabetes in Jingyuan County in Ningxia. Methods A cross-sectional survey including 10 639 participants (18-88 years of age) with a multistage sampling was conducted in Jingyuan County between January, 2014 and April, 2015. Questionnaires, physical examinations, and laboratory tests were included in the survey. Results Among all the subjects, 10 491 participants (men: 4 826, women: 5 665) with complete data were included in the analysis. The standardized prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes was 4.2% (men: 3.9%, women: 4.5%) and 8.8% (men: 7.6%, women 10.3%), respectively, in which the standardized prevalence of diabetes was higher in Hui (4.5%) than that in Han (3.5%) (P<0.05). Logistic regression analyses showed that age, family history of diabetes, overweight/obesity, hypertriglyceridemia and hypertension were positively associated with prediabetes and diabetes with the odds ratios being 1.60 and 2.14 (age, P<0.001), 1.40 and 3.32 (family history, P< 0.05), 1.47 and 1.57 (overweight/obesity, P< 0.001), 1.88 and 2.55 (hypertriglyceridemia, P<0.001), 1.44 and 1.89 (hypertension, P<0.001), respectively. Conclusions The prevalence of diabetes was relatively low in the rural area in Ningxia. However, it is still essential to take active interventions in people at high risk of diabetes in order to prevent the incident diabetes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709959

ABSTRACT

Hashimoto's thyroiditis( HT) is known as the most common cause of hypothyroidism. It has been noted that solitary or dominant cold nodules are common (50% of the cases) in patients with HT while hot nodules are much less common. Chronic stimulation by TSH contributed to the increased ability of the nodular tissue to concentrate isotopes. Herein, we present in detail a patient who has HT with two hot nodules in hypothyroidism and the outcome of two-year follow-up, in order to call attention to the diagnosis and treatment of Hashimoto's thyroiditis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709936

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalences of the obesity and hypertension in southern mountain regions of Ningxia. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of 10 639 adults using questionnaires, physical examinations, and blood pressure measurement in southern mountain areas with a population proportionate sampling method. Results The prevalences of overweight,obesity,central obesity,high percentage of body fat,and hypertension were 33.53%,10.71%,19.50%,27.69%,and 31.57% respectively, which were 30.31%,9.62%,16.70%,24.90%,and 27.61% after age-adjustment in rural areas of Ningxia,and increased with aging(Ptrend<0.05). The prevalences of overweight,obesity,and hypertension were higher in males than those in females(P<0.05),and that of central obesity was higher in females than in males(P=0.003).The prevalences of hypertension in subjects with overweight, obesity, central obesity, high percentage of body fat were 38. 14%, 53.75%,52.69%,and 48.90%,respectively. Body mass index,waist circumference,and percentage of body fat were positively correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure(P<0.05). The multivariable logistic model revealed that the risk of hypertension in different types of obesity increased about 1.5 times. Conclusion There is high prevalence of obesity and hypertension among the adults in southern mountain areas of Ningxia. The prevalence of hypertension in obesity,central obesity,and high percentage of body fat is closed to or more than half of the population investigated.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709005

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the risk factors in Jingyuan county of Ningxia Autonomous Region.Methods The population proportionate sampling method was applied to enroll a representative sample of 10 639 adults in Jingyuan county and the study was conducted using questionnaires and physical examinations.A total of 10 553 people were included in the analysis after excluding those with missing data.High-resolution ultrasound was used to examine the liver and fasting blood was collected in the morning for measurement of blood glucose,blood lipid,and uric acid.The participants were divided into two groups of those with and without nonalcoholic fatty liver disease;the difference in blood biochemical indexes between fatty liver and non-fatty liver groups was compared,and the logistic regression model was used to explore the risk factors affecting the prevalence of fatty liver.Results The prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was 7.60%.The prevalence of thyroid nodules was higher in men than in women (8.60% vs.6.82%,x2=1 1.772,P=0.001).The prevalence rate of fatty liver increased with age (x2=57.336,P<0.001),the prevalence rates among ≥18 years-<29 years,≥30 years-<39 years,≥40years-<49 years,≥50 years-<59 years,≥60 years-<69 years,and above 70 years were 2.92%,6.50%,8.81%,9.59%,8.08%,and 4.77% respectively.The detection rate of overweight,obesity,abdominal obesity,impaired fasting glucose,impaired glucose tolerance,diabetes,hypertension,hyperuricemia,and dyslipidemia were higher in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease group than in the normal group (P<0.05).Logistic regression analysis showed that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease group had a higher risk for overweight,obesity,abdominal obesity,impaired fasting glucose,impaired glucose tolerance,diabetes,hypertension,hyperurcemia,and dyslipidemia (OR=5.41,12.45,2.99,1.85,2.05,3.30,1.41,2.23,and 1.98).Conclusion The incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver in Jingyuan county of Ningxia Autonomous Region was higher.The groups of overweight,obesity,abdominal obesity,impaired fasting glucose,impaired glucose tolerance,diabetes,hypertension,hyperuricemia,and dyslipidemia were high risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505680

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of thyroid nodules and thyroid dysfunction in southern mountainouss areas of Ningxia.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among a representative sample of 10 639 adults in Jingyuan county with a population proportionate sampling method.High-resolution ultrasound was used to examine the thyroid and fasting blood specimens were collected in the morning for measurement of TSH,FT4,FT3.Chi-square test and spearman rank correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis.Results The prevalence of thyroid nodules was 29.08%,the sex-and age-adjusted rate was 27.17%.The prevalence of thyroid nodules was higher in women than in men (32.68% vs.24.88%,x2=76.029 2,P<0.001) and age was positively associated with thyroid nodules (r=0.272,P<0.001).The rate of thyroid dysfunetion,subclinical hypothyroidism,subclinical hyperthyroidism,hypothyroidism,hyperthyroidism were 17.39%,13.00%,0.42%,0.96%,3.01%,respectively.The prevalence of thyroid nodules was higher in abnormal TSH group than in normal TSH group (39.44% vs.27.24%,x2=95.624 0,P<0.001).The level of THS,FT3,FT4 in thyroid nodules group differed fromn control group (Z=-9.144,P<0.001;Z=-6.140,P<0.001;Z=-1.997,P=0.046).Conclusion The prevalence of thyroid nodules and thyroid dysfunction were higher in southern mountainous areas of Ningxia.The relationship between thyroid nodules and thyroid function needs further research.We should pay attention to the early screening and diagnosis of thyroid nodules in mountainous areas.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612279

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) among adults in rural areas of Ningxia Hui autonomous region.Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 639 adults enrolled with a multistage method from Jingyuan County.The MS was identified according to Chinese type 2 diabetes prevention guide (2013).Results Among all the subjects, 17.4% of them met the MS definition with the standardized prevalence of 14.7% after adjustment of sex and age.The prevalence and standardized rate of MS in men were 19.9% and 17.3%, and in women were 15.3% and 13.5%.The prevalence of MS in men was higher than that in women(P<0.001) and increased with aging in both genders.The prevalence and standardized rate of abdominal obesity,hyperglycemia,hypertension,high triglycerides,and low HDL-C were 19.5% and 16.7%, 15.0% and 12.9%, 42.0% and 37.1%, 25.8% and 23.1%, 28.5% and 27.7%,respectively.The rate of abdominal obesity was higher in women than in men (20.5% vs 18.2%, P=0.004), whereas the rate of hypertension, high triglycerides, and low HDL-C were higher in men than in women (all P<0.01).The prevalence of having one parameter of the MS was 68.4%.Conclusion The prevalence of MS is higher in rural areas of Ningxia Hui autonomous region, suggesting that a series of comprehensive prevention measures should be carried out to prevent and control the MS so as to improve the public health conditions in rural areas.

19.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 582-586, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256507

ABSTRACT

It is important to establish an appropriate obesity-cutoff method to identify people with diabetes or at high risk of the disease.Aside from restricted cubic splines and fractional polynomial model,the receiver operating characteristic curve is the most frequently one used to define these cutoffs.In this study,we explored the obesity cutoffs across different ethnic populations and evaluated the merits/demerits of different Methods by reviewing the currently used obesity cutoffs.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476571

ABSTRACT

[Summary] Thedawn phenomenon is a term used to describe hyperglycemia or an increase in the amount of insulin needed to maintain normoglycemia, occurring in the absence of antecedent hypoglycemia, during the early morning hours, and mostly affecting children with type 1 diabetes. Currently, hyperglycemia before breakfast time is defined as dawn phenomenon, and postbreakfast abnormal hyperglycemia is referred as the extended dawn phenomenon. Dawn phenomenon is regarded as the result of the β cell dysfunction, which increased endogenous glucose production and the persistent insulin resistance. By using continuous glucose monitoring technology, dawn phenomenon can be effectively identified:The difference between the lowest glucose level during nocturnal time and the glucose value before breakfast over 1. 11 mmol/L. And the long-acting insulin analogs and insulin pump are effective treatments for dawn phenomenon.

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