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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934296

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the ocular clinical features and efficacy of young infants with incontinentia pigmenti (IP).Methods:A retrospective study. Clinical data of 18 young infants with IP aged 0-3 months in the Department of Ophthalmology of Henan Children's Hospital from October 2017 to February 2019 were collected in this study. All patients were underwent fundus examination under topical anesthesia or general anesthesia. Among them, 9 cases were underwent genetic testing. Patients were determined whether to treated with retinal laser photocoagulation (LIO) or intravitreal conbercept (IVC, 0.25 mg/0.025 ml) according to the condition of eyes. The followed-up time ranged from 4months to 43 months. The ocular clinical features and treatment were observed.Results:There were 1 male and 17 females of the 18 patients. The age of first visit were 1.2±1.0 months (2 d-3 months). All cases had typical skin lesions, 4 cases had neurological symptoms, 10 cases had tooth abnormalities, and 4 cases had cicatricial alopecia. Among the 9 cases that were underwent genetic testing, 5 cases were deleted in exons 4-10 of the IKBKG gene and 1 case were a heterozygous mutation c.1124delT in exon 9 of the IKBKG gene. Among the 36 eyes, 21 eyes of 13 cases with incontinentia pigmenti-associated ocular diseases were all retinopathy (58.3%,21/36). Retinopathy of 9 cases were asymmetrical (69.2%,9/13). Among the 21 eyes, 3 eyes were simple retinal pigment abnormalities (14.3%,3/21) and 18 cases had retinal vascular lesion (85.7%, 18/21). Among the 36 eyes, 8 eyes were treated; 4 eyes were underwent LIO; 3 eyes were treated with IVC; 1 eye was treated with LIO combined with IVC. They were all improved significantly after the operation without serious complications. 1 eye with retinal detachment did not undergo surgical treatment due to guardian reasons. Perceptual exotropia and eyeball atrophy was found during the follow-up. Conclusions:The onset of IP-related ocular anomalies is early. The early anomalies were mainly retinal vascular abnormalities. Treatment in early time is effective.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 266-269, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932056

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of conservative and surgical treatment of testicular appendage torsion in children and to summarize the experience.Methods:The clinical data of 106 children with testicular appendage torsion admitted in Tengzhou Central People's Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from January 2012 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to different therapeutic methods, all the children were divided into conservative group (25 cases) and surgical group (81 cases). The clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.Results:106 children with testicular appendage torsion were cured. The hospitalization time [(5.61±1.04)d vs (11.32±1.89)d], pain relief time [(9.11±2.56)d vs (68.5±19.87)d], disappearance time of scrotal edema [(5.11±1.08)d vs (10.56±1.50)d] and the utility time of antibiotic [(4.89±1.32)d vs (7.06±1.26)d] in the surgical group were shorter than those in the conservative group, with statistically significant difference(all P<0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, there were no cases of recurrence and discomfort in the two groups. Conclusions:Children with testicular appendage torsion should be actively treated with surgery, which can not only significantly shorten the course of disease, but also reduce the incidence of complications and missed diagnosis. For children who with testicular appendage torsion, surgeries should be performed actively. It can significantly shorten the duration of symptoms, but also reduce the occurrence of complication and the occurrence probability of misdiagnosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 610-613, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924116

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the epidemiological characteristics of elevated serum uric acid in college students and its association with glycolipid metabolism, providing reference for health care intervention and education of college students.@*Methods@#From September 2020 to November 2021, a retrospective study was conducted among 989 college students in Taizhou area by stratified cluster random sampling method, and a questionnaire was issued to all college students. Serum uric acid (SUA), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), fasting plasma glucose(FPG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) levels were detected by urease immunoassay and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.@*Results@#Waist circumference, body mass index, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in higher serum uric acid group were higher than those in normal group ( t =21.72,5.74,5.45,12.23, P <0.05). The SUA, FPG, TG, 2 hPG, LDL and TC in serum uric acid increased group were higher than those in normal group, while HDL was lower than those in normal group ( t =13.85, 23.97, 10.24, 7.62, 34.91, 8.27, -8.15, P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of FPG, TG, 2 hPG, LDL and TC were positively correlated with SUA levels ( r =0.63, 0.72, 0.69, 0.16, 0.81, P <0.01). HDL was negatively correlated with SUA level ( r = -0.52, P <0.01). The glucolipid metabolism indexes were included into the binary Logistic regression model analysis, and the results showed that FPG, TG, LDL and TC were positively correlated with higher serum uric acid. HDL was negatively correlated with the incidence of higher serum uric acid ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Male sex, alcohol consumption, smoking, and elevated blood pressure can contribute to higher serum uric acid, which has been found to be associated with glycolipid metabolism.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931292

ABSTRACT

This paper mainly analyzes the literature on the training system of physiotherapists at home and abroad in the past 15 years, and compares the training mode, curriculum setting, current situation and application direction of physiotherapists domestic and abroad. The main findings are as follows: at present, the training objectives of Chinese physiotherapists are not clear, the training methods and teaching materials are outdated, the source of teachers are not standardized, the identification of professional qualifications are not completed, and the gap between relevant talents and market demand is large. It is suggested to establish a standardized curriculum and syllabus for physiotherapists, develop a unified industry access and qualification recognition, formulate a training mode which is in line with the national conditions, and focus on solving the imbalance between supply and demand of physiotherapists.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 825-831, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875815

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of couplet medicine of Rheum p almatum-Salvia miltiorrhiza on the contents of enterogenous urotoxin and intestinal barrier function in chronic renal failure (CRF)model rats. METHODS :Totally 55 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (10 rats)and modeling group (45 rats). In sham operation group ,the kidneys were isolated but not removed ;CRF model was reproduced by 5/6 nephrectomy in modeling group. After modeling (excluding 5 dead and non-modeling rats ),modeling rats were divided into model group (water),Niaoduqing granules group (2.5 g/kg),couplet medicine of R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza groups(6,3 g/kg,by crude drug ),with 10 rats in each group. Sham operation group and model group were given constant volume of water intragastrically. Administration groups were given relevant medicine intragastrically ,once a day ,for consecutive 12 weeks. After last administration ,the contents of creatinine (Scr)and urea nitrogen(BUN)in serum ,the content of urinary creatinine (Ucr) in urine were determined by automatic biochemical analyzer;creatinine clearance rate (Ccr)was calculated. The contents of enterogenous urotoxin [trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO),indoxyl sulfate (IS)and p-cresyl sulphate (PCS)] were determined by UPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Real-time RT-PCR and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in the ileum tissue. HE staining and Masson staining were used to observe the pathologi cal changes of renal tissue. The ultrastructural changes of rat colon were observed by transmission electron microscope. RESULTS :Compared with sham operation group ,serum contents of Scr,BUN,TMAO,PCS and IS were increased significantly in model group (P<0.01),while urine content of Ucr ,Ccr,mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO- 1 in ileum tissue were decreased significantly (P<0.01);renal glomerulosclerosis , renal tubules dilation and inflammatory invasion and fibrosisin the interstitium were all found ;the intestinal epithelial barrier structure of colon tissue was severely damaged. Compared with model group ,serum contents of Scr ,BUN,TMAO,PCS and IS were decreased significantly in administration groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the mRNA and protein expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in the ileum tissue were increased significantly (except for mRNA expression of ZO- 1 in R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza low-dose group (P<0.05 or P<0.01);the infiltration of inflammatory cells in renal interstitium ,the degree of fibrosis and the damage of intestinal epithelial barrier structure in colon tissue were reduced. CONCLUSIONS :Couplet medicine of R. palmatum -S. miltiorrhiza can effectively protect the residual renal function of CRF model rats ,the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing the serum contents of enterogenous urotoxin ,up-regulating mRNA and protein expresssion of Occludin and ZO- 1 in the ileum tissue so as to improve intestinal barrier function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare and analyze the image quality, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of T 1WI_Star_VIBE_FS sequence in MRI simulation of neck tumors with different scanning methods, aiming to determine the optimal scanning method. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 78 patients receiving MRI contrast scan was performed. All patients were randomly divided into three groups according to three different scanning methods including bolus mode (group A, n=23), segmentation splicing mode (group B, n=18) and the combination mode (group C, n=37). The image quality, SNR and CNR of the anterior soft tissues of neck were statistically compared. Results:A higher image quality score was obtained in group C. The mean SNR and CNR in three groups were calculated as 214.70±148.78, 91.95±59.26, 307.61±127.80, and 208.74±148.27, 85.79±59.50, 301.58±127.48, respectively. The image quality score, SNR and CNR in group C were significantly better compared with those in group A and B (all P<0.01). Conclusion:Combination of bolus and segmentation splicing modes is a recommended approach in MRI simulation during radiotherapy of neck tumors.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2347-2353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886915

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of Cu rcumin solid lipid n anoparticels (Cur-SLN) on cardiac ,renal and pulmonary functions ,the expression of autophagy related factors in cardiorenal syndrome model rats. METHODS :The rats were divided into sham operation group ,model group ,rapamycin group (positive control ,2 mg/kg),Cur-SLN low-dose and high-dose groups(5,10 mg/kg),except for 13 rats in the model group (3 of which are used to judge whether modeling is successful ),10 rats in the other groups. Except for sham operation group ,cardiorenal syndrome of other groups were induced by abdominal aortic coarctation combined with acute renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. After successful modeling ,rats in each administration group were injected with corresponding drugs through caudal vein ,and rats in sham operation group and model group were injected with equal volume normal saline ,once a day for 4 weeks. Twenty-four hours after the last administration ,the contents of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE),free triiodothyronine (FT3) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in rat serum were detected. The pathological morphology of rat heart ,kidney and lung were observed. The distribution and expression of LC 3 and Beclin- 1 protein in rat heart ,kidney and lung were detected. RESULTS :Compared with sham operation group ,the contents of ACE and FT 3 in serum,the indexes of heart and kidney ,the expression of LC 3(except in renal tissue )and Beclin- 1 protein in heart ,kidney and lung were significantly increased (P<0.01),and the contents of AVP and lung index were decreased significantly (P<0.01); myocardial cells in the non-infarcted area of the heart were obviously hypertrophic ,the arrangement of myocardial fibers was disordered ; the structure of renal tubules in the non-infarcted area of the kidney was disordered ;and there was cystic expansion and obvious inflammatory cell infiltration llittls- in the alveoli ;positive expression of LC 3 and Beclin- 1 protein nows@126.com in heart ,kidney and lung increased ,mainly distributed in the cytoplasm of cardiomyocytes ,distal renal tubular epithelial cells ,alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells. Compared with model group,the above indexes of rats in each dose group of Cur-SLN were mostly significantly reversed ;the pathological changes of heart,kidney and lung tissues were reduced ,the infiltration of inflammatory cells was reduced ;and the positive expression of LC 3 and Beclin- 1 protein were reduced ,which were mainly distributed in the cytoplasm of cardiomyocytes and proximal renal tubular epithelial cells ,and a few in distal renal tubular epithelial cells ,alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells. CONCLUSIONS : Cur-SLN can improve the heart ,kidney and lung functions of rats with cardiorenal syndrome ,and its mechanism may be related to regulating the distribution or expression of LC 3 and Beclin- 1 protein in heart ,kidney and lung.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) location on the clinical outcomes in patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke (AIS) after intravenous thrombolysis.Methods:Patients with anterior circulation AIS treated with alteplase intravenous thrombolysis in Xuzhou Central Hospital from February 2015 to February 2020 were enrolled retrospectively. The severity of periventricular WMHs (PWMHs) and deep WMHs (DWMHs) was assessed by Fazekas scale. According to the score of the modified Rankin Scale at 90 d after onset, the patients were divided into good outcome group (0-2) and poor outcome group (3-6). The demographic and clinical data were compared between the two groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the effect of WMHs location on the clinical outcome in AIS patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Results:A total of 408 patients with anterior circulation AIS were enrolled in the study, including 272 males (66.7%) and 136 females (33.3%). Their age was 64.1±12.1 years (range, 40-92years). The baseline median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was 6 (interquartile range, 4-16). Three hundred and fourteen patients (77.0%) were in the good outcome group and 94 (23.0%) were in the poor outcome group. There were significant differences in age, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, baseline NIHSS score, blood glucose level before thrombolysis, etiological classification of stroke, PWMHs, DWMHs, hemorrhagic transformation, early neurological deterioration and stroke recurrence between the two groups (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that moderate to severe PWMHs were significantly and independently associated with the poor outcomes in patients with anterior circulation AIS treated with intravenous thrombolysis at 90 d after onset (odds ratio 2.357, 95% confidence interval 1.086-5.115; P=0.030). Other independent related factors included age, baseline NIHSS score, etiological classification of stroke (large artery atherosclerosis and cardiogenic embolism), early neurological deterioration, hemorrhagic transformation, and stroke recurrence. Conclusion:Moderate to severe PWMHs is an independent risk factor for poor outcomes at 90 d after onset in patients with anterior circulation AIS treated with intravenous thrombolysis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883638

ABSTRACT

Objective:To extract the common factors for evaluating the teaching effect of the integrated curriculum of basic medicine in China, and to analyze and explain the practical significance of these common factors.Methods:A questionnaire survey was conducted among undergraduates of 15 medical colleges in China to evaluate the teaching effect of integrated curriculum of basic medicine, and exploratory factor analysis was conducted for screening and classification. SPSS 22.0 was used to conduct factor analysis.Results:The four major common factors evaluating the teaching effect of integrated curriculum were the effectiveness of teaching process, the rationality of teaching organization, the education of teaching content, and the innovation of teaching methods.Conclusion:The integrated curriculum reform of basic medicine should pay great attention to the simultaneous development of basic theory learning and practical ability training, the effective connection between theoretical teaching and experimental teaching, the educational role in comprehensive quality cultivation of students, and the flexible application of various teaching means and methods.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the rehabilitation effect and safety of laparoscopic herniorrhaphy through different approaches in the treatment of inguinal hernia.Methods:The clinical data of 132 patients with inguinal hernia in Shushan Branch of Hefei First People′s Hospital from January 2018 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Laparoscopic herniorrhaphy was performed in all patients. The 46 patients who were treated with transabdominal preperitoneal patch (TAPP) repair were included in TAPP group, while another 86 patients who were treated with totally extraperitoneal patch implantation (TEP) were included in TEP group. The surgery-related indexes, influencing indexes of pneumoperitoneum on pathophysiology, inflammation indexes, pain score and postoperative complications were compared between 2 groups.Results:There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss, recovery time of gastrointestinal function, hospitalization time and non-surgery cost between 2 groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, leaving bed time and surgery cost in TEP group were significantly lower than those in TAPP group: (45.08 ± 4.92) min vs. (51.03 ± 5.62) min, (20.93 ± 2.64) h vs. (22.98 ± 2.01) h and (6 887 ± 603) yuan vs. (8 276 ± 813) yuan, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01). Before pneumoperitoneum, at 10 min after pneumoperitoneum and after extubation, there were no significant differences in levels of total carbon dioxide (TCO 2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2), partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and bicarbonate radical between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Before and after surgery, there were no significant differences in interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and C-reactive protein (CRP) between 2 groups ( P>0.05). At 1, 3 and 7 d after surgery, there were no significant differences in visual analogue scale (VAS) between 2 groups ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the total incidence of complications between 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Both TAPP and TEP are safe and effective in the treatment of inguinal hernia. The surgical cost of TEP is relatively lower, and operation time and leaving bed time are shorter. The choices of clinical surgical methods should base on surgeons′ experience and individualized features of patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911934

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the intrauterine transmission of syphilis in Nantong City, Jiangsu Province from 2012 to 2019, after the introduction of a nationwide policy for preventing intrauterine transmission of syphilis in China in 2011.Methods:This study enrolled all live birth deliveries ( n=455 561) in Nantong from January 2012 to December 2019. The screening, infection rates, anti-syphilis treatment, intrauterine transmission of syphilis, and outcomes of infants with congenital syphilis were retrospectively analyzed using χ 2 test for trend, adjusted χ 2 test, or Fisher's exact test. Results:Except for three women, the remaining 455 558 subjects were all screened for syphilis antibody with a total screening rate of nearly 100%, among which prenatal screening accounted for 96.4% (439 125/455 561) and intrapartum screening for 3.6% (16 433/455 561). In total, 796 (0.17%) women were diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy, and the prevalence increased from 0.13% (85/64 229) in 2012 to 0.24% (110/45 517) in 2019 (χ 2trend=48.985, P<0.001). The prevalence among women underwent intrapartum screening was significantly higher than those underwent prenatal screening [0.50% (82/16 433) vs 0.16% (714/439 125), χ 2=102.769, P<0.001]. Out of the women with syphilis, 716 (89.9%) received anti-syphilis therapy with 695 cases using penicillin, 16 cases using ceftriaxone and five using erythromycin/azithromycin, while the remaining 80 (10.1%) did not. Intrauterine transmission of syphilis occurred in 14 infants with a transmission rate of 1.8% (14/796). The reported rate of congenital syphilis in all live infants was 0.03‰ (14/460 552). The intrauterine transmission rate in women receiving treatment during pregnancy was significantly lower than that in the untreated women [0.4% (3/716) vs 13.8% (11/80), χ2=66.499, P<0.001]. For the untreated women, the intrauterine transmission rate increased with the rising titers of non-specific syphilis antibody ( χ2trend=5.338, P=0.021). Among infants with congenital syphilis, no obvious adverse outcomes occurred in three infants born to treated mothers, whereas the rates of preterm birth and neonatal death were 7/11 and 2/11 in those born to untreated mothers. Conclusions:Since the implementation of the policy against intrauterine transmission of syphilis, the reported rate of congenital syphilis is 3/100 000 live-birth in Nantong City, reaching the national target of below 15/100 000. Screening and treatment in the first trimester are critical for preventing intrauterine transmission of syphilis. Increased prenatal syphilis screening rate can help further reduction of the intrauterine transmission of syphilis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of remimazolam for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery.Methods:A total of 100 patients of both sexes, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-30 kg/m 2, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, undergoing elective abdominal surgery with general anesthesia requiring tracheal intubation, were enrolled in this study and divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: remimazolam group (group R) and propofol group (group P). Anesthesia was induced by intravenously infusing propofol 1.0-2.5 mg/kg in group P and remimazolam 0.15-0.35 mg/kg in group R. Sufentanil 0.4-0.5 μg/kg and rocuronium 0.6 mg/kg were intravenously injected in group R and group P. Anesthesia was maintained by intravenously injecting remimazolam 0.3-1.0 mg·kg -1·h -1 in group R and propofol 4-12 mg·kg -1·h -1 in group P. Remifentanil 8-15 μg·kg -1·h -1 was intravenously injected in group R and group P. Narcrotrend index (NI) was maintained at 37-64 (D 0-D 2). The success of sedation, time for loss of consciousness, time of disappearance of eyelash reflex, time when NI dropped to D 0, incidence of tidal volume, respiratory rate and apnea after the patients lost consciousness, duration of stay in post-anesthesia care unit, the fluctuation range of mean arterial pressure at 1, 3 and 5 min of induction, and the development of intraoperative and postoperative adverse events. Results:The success rate of sedation in group R and group P was 100%.Compared with group P, time for loss of consciousness, time of disappearance of eyelash reflex and time when NI dropped to D 0 were significantly prolonged, tidal volume and respiratory rate were increased, the incidence of apnea after the patients lost consciousness was decreased, awakening time was shortened, the incidence of intraoperative sinus bradycardia, injection pain and dream was decreased, fluctuation range of blood pressure at 1, 3 and 5 min of induction was decreased in group R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Remimazolam can be safely and effectively used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery, and its induction dose is 0.15-0.35 mg/kg, and maintenance dose is 0.3-1.0 mg·kg -1·h -1.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871924

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Objective:To investigate the effect of virus inactivation on weak positive result of 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV) nucleic acid test.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the nasopharyngeal swabs of three patients with positive PCR nucleic acid test for 2019-nCoV at different concentrations in the Second affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College from January to February 2020.The virus in nasopharyngeal swab specimens were inactivated by water bath at 56 ℃ for 30 min, dry bath at 56 ℃ for 60 min and dry bath at 60 ℃ for 30 min respectively. After treatment, these samples RNA were extracted and then detected by three new commercial quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction reagent kits for 2019-nCoV.Cycle threshold (Ct) value was used to evaluate the effect of virus inactivation on nucleic acid detection of 2019-nCoV.Results:There was no significant difference between the groups before and after inactivation. Ct values of ORF1ab gene before inactivation were 23.28±0.28, 25.25±0.25, 28.93±0.44, 32.06±0.47, 35.20±0.38, 32.89±0.38, 36.24±0.23, 33.30±0.46, and those after inactivation were, group 1:23.60±0.20, 27.29±0.30, 31.83±0.51, 37.41±0.46, group 2: 24.25±0.34, 27.18±0.42, 31.84±0.61, 34.99±1.01, 34.89±0.45,group 3: 23.37±0.17, 26.89±0.52, 32.05±0.50.Ct value of N gene before inactivation were 24.38±0.09, 26.64±0.11, 30.35±0.12, 33.29±0.33, 36.93±0.11, 34.50±0.12, 35.63±0.12, those after inactivation were, group 1: 24.66±0.11, 28.52±0.14, 32.71±0.14, 37.00±0.13;group 2: 25.41±0.10, 28.79±0.15, 33.29±0.28; group 3: 23.37±0.11, 28.68±0.11, 33.54±0.13, 37.18±0.23(ORF1ab gene: t=-1.416; N gene: t=-1.379, P>0.05). There was no significant difference among the three inactivation groups, the specific Ct values are shown above(ORF1ab gene: t=-0.460; N gene: t=-0.132, P>0.05). However, the Ct values of the inactivated groups (1,2,3) and the non-inactivated group at different dilution times were different (10 ×:Ct value of ORF1ab was 25.25±0.25 in the non-inactivated group, and 27.29±0.30, 27.18±0.42 and 26.89±0.52 in the inactivated group1,2 and 3, t(ORF1ab)=-7.327, P<0.01.Ct value of N gene in the non-inactivated group was26.64±0.11, those in inactivated group 1, 2 and 3 were 28.52±0.14, 28.79±0.15 and 28.68±0.11, respectively, t (N)=-19.340, P<0.01. 100 ×:Ct value of ORF1ab was 28.93±0.44 in the non-inactivated group, and 31.83±0.51,31.84±0.61 and 32.05±0.50 in the inactivated group1,2 and 3, t (ORF1ab)=-9.462, P<0.01. Ct value of N gene in the non-inactivated group was 30.35±0.12, those in the inactivated group 1, 2 and 3 were 32.71±0.14, 33.29±0.28 and 33.54±0.13, respectively, t (N)=-18.583, P<0.01. The positive detection rate of the non-inactivated group (7/11, 8/11, 5/11) was significantly different from that of the inactivated group (inactivated group 1:4/11, 4/11, 3/11, inactivated group 2:3/11, 3/11, 3/11, and inactivated group 3:3/11, 3/11, 2/11) ( Z=-2.670, P<0.01). There were no significant difference among the inactivated groups(inactivated group 1:4/11, 4/11, 3/11, inactivated group 2:3/11, 3/11, 3/11, inactivated group 3:3/11, 3/11, 2/11) ( Z=4.413, P>0.05) and among the three reagents(reagent 1:7/11, 4/11, 3/11, 3/11, reagent 2:8/11, 4/11, 3/11, 3/11, reagent 3:5/11, 3/11, 3/11, 2/11)(χ 2=1.199, P>0.05). Conclusion:The virus inactivation can degrade the nucleic acid of the 2019-nCoV, resulting in the decrease of the Ct value and the false negative results of the low-concentration specimens.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869794

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Objective:To evaluate the effect of lycopene preconditioning on Toll-like receptors (TLRs)/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway during hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to rat cardiomyocytes.Methods:The rat H9C2 cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro, inoculated in a petri dish at a density of 8×10 4 cells/ml and divided into 3 groups( n=30 each) using a random number table method: control group (C group), H/R group and lycopene preconditioning group (LP group). The H9C2 cardiomyocytes were reoxygenated for 6 h after hypoxia to establish a model of H/R injury in H/R group and LP group.The cells were preconditioned with lycopene 20 μmol/L at 12 h before establishing the model in LP group.The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay.The cell apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry (Annexin V and PI double staining). The levels of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected by microplate method.The expression of TLR2, TLR3 and NF-κB was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability and SOD level were significantly decreased, the apoptosis rate and levels of LDH, MDA and ROS were increased, and the expression of TLR2, TLR3 and NF-κB was up-regulated in H/R and LP groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group H/R, the cell viability and SOD level were significantly increased, the apoptosis rate and levels of LDH, MDA and ROS were decreased, and the expression of TLR2, TLR3 and NF-κB was down-regulated in group LP ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which lycopene preconditioning attenuates H/R injury may be related to inhibiting activation of TLRs/NF-κB signaling pathway and inhibiting oxidative stress response in rat cardiomyocytes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and clinical significance of Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) in gallbladder carcinoma (GBC).Methods:Surgical specimens and clinical data were collected from 63 patients with GBC who underwent radical cholecystectomy in the 904th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of PLA from January 2014 to January 2019. In the GBC group, there were 21 males and 42 females, with an average age of 62.5 years. For 30 patients with mild to moderate atypical hyperplasia of gallbladder during the same period were included in the precancerous lesion group, including 9 males and 21 females, with an average age of 62.4 years. Normal gallbladder specimens from 20 patients who underwent surgical resection due to liver trauma or giant hepatic hemangioma were collected and included in the normal group, including 7 males and 13 females, with an average age of 61.9 years. The expressions of GOLPH3, NLRP3, Ki-67 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Log-rank test and Cox regression were adopted to analyze the GOLPH3 and NLRP3 expression and survival prognosis of gallbladder cancer patients.Results:Expression of GOLPH3 and NLRP3 in the tumor group, precancerous lesion group and normal group was decreased separately. In GBC tissues, the level of GOLPH3 and NLRP3 was positively correlated with the Ki-67 expression ( r=0.972 and r=0.969, both P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that high level of GOLPH3 ( HR=4.891, 95% CI: 1.776-13.470) and NLRP3 ( HR=3.006, 95% CI: 1.273-7.099) was an independent risk factor for predicting the postoperative survival of patients with GBC (both P<0.05). Conclusion:GOLPH3 and NLRP3 are highly expressed in GBC tissues, and high expression of GOLPH3 and NLRP3 is an independent risk factor for postoperative survival in patients with GBC.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868879

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic factors of patients with gallbladder cancer in different anatomical locations.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 140 patients with gallbladder cancer who were surgically treated in the 904 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Support Force from January 2015 to December 2015. Among them, 49 were males and 91 were females, with a median age of 64.0 years. According to the location of gallbladder cancer, they were divided into the neck of the gallbladder and the bottom of the gallbladder. The clinical data of the two groups were compared. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for univariate analysis, and Cox multivariate regression analysis was used to analyze the significant factors of univariate survival to determine the independent risk factors that affect the prognosis of patients with gallbladder cancer. Use Pearson correlation to analyze the correlation between clinicopathological characteristics.Results:Patients in the neck of the gallbladder group had higher levels of preoperative total bilirubin, preoperative albumin, carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, extrahepatic bile duct resection (biliary-enteric anastomosis), radical resection, breakthrough of the liver/serous membrane invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM staging, local recurrence in the operation area in the surgical area were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Univariate analysis suggested that preoperative jaundice, Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), C-reactive protein, carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 19-9, accidental gallbladder cancer, surgical method, tumor pathological type, tumor differentiation degree, tumor growth location (neck than the bottom of the body) are related to the prognosis (all P<0.05). Cox regression analysis indicated that GPS ( RR=3.272, 95 CI: 1.987-5.388), surgical method ( RR=4.149, 95 CI: 2.561-6.723), tumor location ( RR=0.316, 95 CI: 0.209-0.478), distant metastasis ( RR=1.695, 95 CI: 1.036-2.775) and TNM staging ( RR=3.686, 95 CI: 2.222-6.115) are independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of gallbladder cancer. Correlation analysis suggests that neck tumors are related to later staging, liver bile duct invasion, lymph node metastasis, high inflammation levels, and low radical cure rates. Conclusions:Gallbladder cancer that occurs in the neck of the gallbladder is an independent factor influencing the poor prognosis of patients with surgical treatment. In addition, TNM staging, distant metastasis and Glasgow score are important predictors of survival in patients with gallbladder cancer.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865664

ABSTRACT

The harm of pathogenic bacteria to humans has promoted extensive research on physiological processes of pathogens, such as the mechanism of bacterial infection, antibiotic mode of action, and bacterial antimicrobial resistance. Most of these processes can be better investigated by timely tracking of fluorophore-derived antibiotics in living cells. In this paper, we will review the recent development of fluorescent antibiotics featuring the conjugation with various fluorophores, and focus on their applica-tions in fluorescent imaging and real-time detection for various physiological processes of bacteria in vivo.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 332-338, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study in vitro drug release and acute toxicity in vivo of Curcumin (Cur) solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) dry powder inhaler (DPI) and its effects of inflammatory response in asthmatic model mice. METHODS: Cur-SLN-DPI was obtained with spray-drying method by micronizing the Cur-SLN suspension prepared by the microemulsion method and thoroughly mixing with lactose (200 mesh) etc. The drug release in vitro was investigated by dynamic membrane dialysis. Accumulative release rates (Q) of Cur raw material, Cur-SLN and Cur-SLN-DPI in 3 kinds of release mediums [phosphate buffer solution (PBS, pH 7.4) containing 1.0% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), PBS (pH 7.4) containing 0.2% tween 80, normal saline-20% ethanol solution] were compared 5, 15, 30 min and 1, 1.5, 3, 6, 8, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48 h after releasing. Drug release model was fitted. The effects of intravenous injection of maximal dose 2 000 mg/kg Cur-SLN-DPI via tail vein on KM mice were investigated by acute toxicity test. KM mice were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, positive drug group (budesonide 3 mg), Cur-SLN-DPI high-dose and low-dose groups (100, 50 mg/kg), with 7 mice in each group. The ovalbumin (OVA) was used as sensitizer to induce asthma model; the model mice were given relevant medicine with aerosol administration 30 min before aerosol administration of OVA inducing asthma on Monday, Wednesday and Friday per week, for consecutive 3 weeks. Within 24 h after last induction, total number of leukocyte, the number of lymphocyte, neutrophil and eosinophil were counted in broncho alveolar lavage fluid (BALF); the pathological changes of bronchus and lung tissue were observed. RESULTS: Compared with Cur raw material, Cur-SLN and Cur-SLN-DPI showed good sustained-release effect, and Cur-SLN-DPI had more stable sustained release in 3 kinds of release mediums. The characteristics of drug release conformed to the Weibull model. Intravenous injection of 2 000 mg/kg Cur-SLN-DPI via tail vein had no significant acute toxicity in mice. Compared with normal control group, total number of leukocyte, the number of lymphocyte, neutrophil and eosinophil were increased significantly (P<0.01); bronchial mucosal epithelium was covered with pseudostratified ciliated columnar cells, with severe infiltration of inflammatory cells, pulmonary congestion and moderate interstitial pneumonia. Compared with model group, the number of above cells in BALF of mice were decreased significantly in administration group (P<0.01); tracheal lesions of mice were improved in Cur-SLN-DPI low-dose and high-dose groups; pulmonary congestion of them were alleviated, and that of high-dose group was alleviated more significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Cur-SLN-DPI shows sustained-release effect in vitro and has no obvious acute toxicity to mice. Cur-SLN-DPI can improve the inflammatory response of the airway and the degree of pulmonary congestion in asthmatic model mice.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756461

ABSTRACT

Molecular testing are more and more widely used in clinical practice. The premise of clinical application is the verification or validation of the molecular testing procedure. Establishing a verification and validation model suitable for the testing procedures of clinical molecular testing is helpful for the practitioners of clinical molecular testing to carry out the verification and validation work more conveniently and efficiently. It is also helpful for the standardization of testing and quality control significantly. This article will elaborate on the status of verification and validation of molecular testing projects, the requirements of the ISO15189 accreditation system, the establishment of verification validation models and the prospects in the field.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756003

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of low dose heparin on blood coagulation and therapeutic outcomes in premature infants with sepsis.Methods Clinical data of 69 septic preterm newborns weighting less than 1 500 g treated in Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Among them,29 infants received heparin therapy (6 U/kg,q 8 h,for 3 d,then q12 h,heparin group)and 40 infants did not receive heparin therapy (control group),the coagulation index and therapeutic outcomes were compared between two groups.Results The coagulation indexes PT,TT,APTT and D dimer in heparin group were all significantly lower than those in control group [(15.5±3.5) s vs.(19.0±3.9) s,(15.4±3.5) s vs.(18.8±3.5) s,(47.5±8.6) s vs.(58.4±18.1) s,(1.7±0.8) mg/L vs.(2.6±1.9) mg/L;t=-3.815,4.275,-3.004,-2.459,P<0.05].The overall clinical effective rate in heparin group was significantly higher than that in control group (86.2% vs.60.0%,x2 =4.408,P<0.05).Conclusion Low dose heparin can significantly improve the blood coagulation function and improve the therapeutic effect of premature infants with sepsis.

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