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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294854


<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>It was proven that Vitamin C could inhibit the growth of many types of tumors as an antioxidant. The aim of this study is to explore role of Vitamin C in proliferation and apoptosis of lung carcinoma cell line A549 and the underlying mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A549 cells were cultured in vitro and incubated with Vitamin C. The cell viability was measured by growth curve and clonogentic assay. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and detect apoptosis. The levels of expression of Caspase-3 mRNA and Survivin mRNA were detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Vitamin C of 400 microg/mL, 4 mg/mL significantly inhibited the growth of A549 cell lines (P = 0.024, P = 0.015, respectively). Flow cytometry showed that the cells major stagnation stayed in the G0/G1 and S phase and the apoptotic rate increased with time prolonged. Vitamin C signifiantly up-regulated the expression of Caspase-3 mRNA, but had no effect on Survivin mRNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Vitamin C can inhibit the proliferation of A549, block A549 cells in G0/G1 and S phase, and induce apoptosis of A549 cells. Apotosis occurred by up-regulated the expression of Caspase-3.</p>

Apoptosis , Genetics , Ascorbic Acid , Pharmacology , Caspase 3 , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379992


Objective To investigate the epidemiological features of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) A and B in hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infections(ARTIs) and to analyze the genetic characteristics of G protein gene of RSV in Chongqing area, especially for BA strains. Methods Nasopharyngeal secretions collected from 508 hospitalized children with ARTls from April, 2008 to March, 2009 were screened for RSV using RT-PCR. Full length G protein gene was amplified by RT-PCR from 10 RSV subtype A and 29 RSV subtype B strains. Results Out of the total 508 specimens, 126 (24.8%) were revealed positive for RSV. RSV subtype A and B viruses accounted for 34.1% and 63.5% of the total positive specimens, respectively. The remaining 2.4% of the specimens were positive for both subtype A and B. At the nucleotide level, identities between the 10 subtype A virus G genes and that of the prototype strain A2 were 91.4% -92.0%, indicating genotype GA2. Identities of the 29 subtype B virus G genes and that of the CH18537 strain were 92.0%-93.0%. Nineteen out of 29 RSV subtype B isolates contained highly repeated 60 nucleotides insertion in G protein gene, namely BA strain. As compared to the prototypes, the RSV G protein gene included nucleotide deletion, insertion, substitutions, especially in the carboxy-terminal third of the G gene. Condnsion RSV has been the major cause of acute respiratory tract infections in children in Chongqing area. Subtype B strains, especially BA strains, were predominant during the study peried. Whether the predominated circulation of BA strain is resulted from enhanced attachment function of G protein remains unknown.

Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 1276-1278, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391940


Objective To analyze the epidemiology,clinical and imageological characteristics,diagnosis,misdiagnosis,treatment and prognosis of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) reported in China in recent 20 years,in an attempt to provide important clues for prompt and accurate diagnosis of PAP.Methods Clinical data of PAP from 1988 to 2008 in China were retrospectively analyzed and the clinical data of 126 patients with PAP which were misdiagnozed were summarized.Results There were 19 cases misdiagnozed with pneumonia,24 cases with pulmonary cancer,18 cases with bronchitis,19 cases with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis,15 cases with pulmonary tuberculosis,10 cases with eosinophilic pneumonia,9 cases with sarcoidosis,5 cases with fungus pneumonia.The clinical manifestations of PAP had no specificity and the imageology manifestation was various.Its final diagnosis mainly depended on the examination of brochoalveolar lavage fluid and/or lung biopsy,and pathologic examination.Conclusions The diversity of clinical manifestations of PAP has resulted in higher clinical misdiagnosis rate.WhoLe lung irrigation is the safest and the most effective way to treat PAP.