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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930480

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of food allergy in children is one hotspot attracting people′s attention in recent years.The incidence of it shows an increasing trend which exposes problems in the understanding of children′s food allergy in China, especially in the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.To further standardize the diagnosis and treatment of food allergy in children, based on the current domestic, foreign guidelines and relevant research evidence, the guideline recommends 16 clinical hot-button issues in the 4 aspects of diagnosis, treatment, prognosis, and prevention.Finally, a diagnosis flowchart has been formulated.The guideline aims to improve the standard diagnosis and treatment of food allergies in children in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the global and segmental myocardial work in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) by left ventricular pressure-strain loop (PSL) noninvasively.Methods:Eighteen patients with CA in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital from March 2018 to December 2020 were included as CA group, 20 healthy subjects were selected as control group. The global longitudinal strain (GLS) and mechanical dispersion (MD) of left ventricle were analyzed by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging. The left ventricular PSL was used to assess global work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW), and global work efficiency (GWE). The mean value of left ventricular basal, mid and apical myocardial work index (MWI), constructive work (CW), waste work (WW) and work efficiency (WE) were calculated and compared between the two groups.Results:①Compared with the control group, GLS was decreased and MD was increased in CA group (all P<0.05). ②GWI, GCW, GWW and GWE were decreased in CA group compared with the control group (all P<0.05). ③In CA group, the MWI, CW and WE of the basal, mid and apical segments were lower than those of control group (all P<0.05), WW of the basal and mid segments were lower than those of apical segment(all P<0.05). The impairment of MWI, WW and WE in basal and mid segment were more significant than those of apical segment (all P<0.05). ④GWI, GCW and GWE were positively correlated with GLS ( r=0.854, 0.816, 0.748; all P<0.001) and LVEF ( r=0.674, 0.634, 0.650; all P<0.01), and negatively correlated with MD ( r=-0.657, -0.672, -0.710, all P<0.01). GWI and GCW were negatively correlated with E/e′ ( r=-0.493, -0.539; all P<0.05). Conclusions:The global, basal, mid and apical left ventricular myocardial work indices are decreased in CA patients. MWI, CW and WE show an apical sparing pattern. Quantitative assessment of myocardial work by PSL may provide more valuable information for CA patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the fetal left atrial phasic function in normal pregnancy by two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging(2D-STI).Methods:The antenatal examination images of 80 normal singleton fetuses from January 2019 to January 2020 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The following parameters were acquired from apical or basal four-chamber views at 24 weeks, 32 weeks and 37 weeks: global peak systolic strain and strain rate (S-LAs, SR-LAs), global conduit strain and strain rate (S-LAe, SR-LAe), global contractile strain and strain rate (S-LAa, SR-LAa).Results:The possibilities to identify left atrial phasic strain at 24 weeks, 32 weeks and 37 weeks were 97.5%, 88.8% and 87.5%, respectively. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups( P=0.051). Compared with at 24 weeks, S-LAs was decreased at 32 weeks and 37 weeks(all P<0.05), while S-LAe at 37 weeks was higher than at 24 weeks and 32 weeks(all P<0.05). S-LAa decreased gradually among the 3 groups, and reached the lowest at 37 weeks of gestation( P<0.05). SR-LAs and SR-LAa were lower at 32 weeks and 37 weeks than at 24 weeks(all P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in SR-LAe among the three groups( P=0.076). Conclusions:It is feasible to evaluate the phasic function of fetal left atrium by 2D-STI. Compared with the second trimester, the left atrial reservoir function and pump function of the fetus are decreased in the third trimester, while the ductal function is enhanced in the third trimester. The determination of the changes of normal atrial function with gestational weeks can provide a basis for the evaluation of fetal cardiac maturity and the detection of fetal cardiac dysfunction.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 856-860, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted laparoscopic resection of bladder rhabdomyosarcoma.Methods:A retrospective study was performed in 4 children underwent robotic-assisted surgery for bladder rhabdomyosarcoma from July 2018 to September 2019 in our hospital. The perioperative information and short time outcomes were collected. All the four patients were male. The average age of these patients was 68 months (from 11 to 122 months). After cystoscopy biopsy was conducted, preoperative chemotherapy was carried out. Preoperative radiotherapy was also added depends on the tumor response, then robotic-assisted surgery was performed. Radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder reconstruction with bilateral ureter reimplanataion were carried out for the bladder was widely occupied case. Bladder preserving surgery was performed for the other three localized cases.Results:All of the four operations have been conducted successfully without conservation to open surgery. The mean operative time was 189(104-316) min while the mean estimated blood loss was 32.5(20-50) ml. The mean tumor diameter was 4.48(2.7-6.0)cm. According to the pathological results, all of the four cases were diagnosed as embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. One case had positive margin while other three cases had negative margins. No complication more than Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ was observed. The mean length of hospital stay was 18(14-24)days and the mean follow-up time was 14.7(7-21) months. Postoperative chemotherapy was carried out according to the protocol of IRS low risk group for all cases (VAC, eight cycles). Postoperative radiotherapy was conducted for the case with positive margin. No recurrence was recorded during the follow-up period.Conclusions:Robotic-assisted laparoscopic technique for the treatment of bladder rhabdomyosarcoma in children is safe and feasible.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess global myocardial work in non-ST-segment-elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) patients with no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by noninvasive left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loops, and to explore its diagnostic value in patients with NSTE-ACS.Methods:A total of 169 NSTE-ACS patients with normal wall motion abnormalities and LVEF (>55%) were recruited in Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from June to December 2019. The patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of coronary stenosis, including severe coronary artery stenosis group ( n=121), and no severe stenosis group ( n=48). The patients of severe coronary artery stenosis group were further subdivided into single-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=52) and multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( n=69). Global longitudinal strain (GLS) analysis was performed by speckle tracking echocardiography before coronary angiography. Brachial cuff systolic pressure was used as left ventricular pressure to construct a non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain loop. Global myocardial work index (GWI), global constructive work (GCW), global waste work (GWW) and global myocardial work efficiency (GWE) was computed by LV pressure-strain loops with a proprietary algorithm between groups. ROC curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of the parameters to detect severe coronary artery stenosis. Independent factors affecting left ventricular myocardial function were assessed by Logistic regression analysis. Results:GLS, GWI, GCW and GWE were significantly reduced, and GWW was increased in severe coronary artery stenosis group than in no severe stenosis group(all P<0.05). GLS was significantly reduced in multi-vessel severe stenosis group ( P<0.05) but not in single-vessel severe stenosis group ( P=0.32). GWE was an independent factor affecting myocardial function in severe coronary artery stenosis group, GWE<96% had a area under the curve (AUC)=0.83 (74% for sensitivity, 81% for specificity) to identify severe coronary artery stenosis, and was superior to GLS (AUC=0.66, P<0.05) and GWI (AUC=0.70, P<0.05). Conclusions:In NSTE-ACS patients with severe coronary artery stenosis, no obvious regional wall motion abnormalities and preserved LVEF, LV global myocardial function is impaired based on noninvasive pressure-strain loops, GWI, GCW, and GWE are reduced, and GWW is increased, and GWE is a more sensitive index than GLS and GWI to predict severe coronary artery stenosis in NSTE-ACS patients.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 454-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866858

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic factors of severe patients with bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria. Methods:Patients suffered from BSI caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria admitted to department of critical care medicine of Binzhou Medical University Hospital from October 2016 to October 2019 were enrolled. The information of gender, age, combined shock, acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), sensitivity of initial antibiotics, as well as the baseline of procalcitonin (PCT), white blood cell count (WBC), platelet (PLT), albumin (ALB) were collected. The 72-hour PCT clearance rate (72 h PCTc) was calculated after 72 hours' treatment. According to the clinical outcome after 28 days, the patients were divided into recovery group and death group. The differences of clinical indicators between the two groups were compared, and then the statistical significant variables were further performed by Logistic regression to analyze the factors affecting the prognosis of patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate the predictive efficacy of the factors in severe BSI. Results:A total of 86 patients were enrolled, among whom 54 cases recovered while 32 cases died, and the 28-day mortality was 37.2%. There was no significant difference in gender, age, sensitivity of initial antibiotics, baseline levels of PCT and WBC between two groups. In the death group, the shock incidence, APACHEⅡscore, SOFA score were significantly higher than those in recovery group [shock incidence: 84.4% (27/32) vs. 46.3% (25/54), APACHEⅡ: 24.94±7.65 vs. 17.02±6.57, SOFA: 11.00±3.27 vs. 6.30±2.65, all P < 0.01]; the PLT and ALB baseline levels, 72 h PCTc were significantly lower than those in recovery group [PLT (×10 9/L): 73.38±49.15 vs. 138.69±101.80, ALB (g/L): 25.47±5.91 vs. 28.59±4.53, 72 h PCTc: -44 (-170, 27)% vs. 63 (40, 77)%, all P < 0.01]. The above 6 variables were included in Logistic regression. The results showed that SOFA score was a risk factor for death in these patients [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.930, P = 0.037], while 72 h PCTc and ALB were protective factors ( OR values were 0.043, 0.783, P values were 0.008, 0.047). The SOFA, 72 h PCTc and ALB can be used to predict the prognosis of severe BSI, and the diagnostic value of the combination of three factors was the largest [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.953, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 0.909-0.997], the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 79.6%. Conclusions:Severe patients with BSI caused by Enterobacteriaceae bacteria had a high mortality. Higher SOFA score, and lower ALB and 72 h PCTc predicted the adverse outcome. The combination of the three factors has the greatest prognostic efficacy.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824789

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies and the association with chorionicity and modes of conception in order to provide evidence for early prevention and reduction of complications and life quality improvement of twin neonates.Methods This study retrospectively enrolled 756 women with twin pregnancies who gave birth at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1,2014 to December 31,2015.Clinical features of the mothers and newborns were collected,the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed.Impacts of chorionicity and different modes of conception on the outcomes were also evaluated.Two independent-sample t test and Chi-square test were used as statistical methods.Results Twin pregnancies accounted for 6.7% (756/11 169) of all deliveries in the hospital during the study period and the preterm birth rate was 59.4% (449/756).Twenty five women underwent fetal reduction (3.3%,25/756) and intrauterine death occurred in 85 pregnancies (11.2%,85/756).Eventually 1 400 babies were born alive (92.6%,1 400/1 512).Subgroup analysis suggested that compared with dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) pregnancies,monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) cases showed younger maternal age at conception [(30.5 ±4.2) vs (32.9±4.0) years,t=-7.412],smaller gestational age at delivery [(34.1±3.1) vs (35.7±2.2) weeks,t=-7.325] and higher preterm birth rate [78.4% (174/222) vs 51.5% (263/511),x2=46.554],all P<0.05.Moreover,the incidence of neonatal complications,including respiratory distress syndrome [1 8.3% (40/219) vs 8.0% (21/261),x2=11.210],neonatal pneumonia [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.8% (23/261),x2=9.331] and sepsis [6.8% (15/219) vs 1.5% (4/261),~=8.854],etc.was higher in the MCDA group than those in the DCDA group,resulting in a higher mortality rate [7.8% (17/219) vs 1.1% (3/261),x2=13.042] in the MCDA pregnancies,all P<0.05.Compared with spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies,women underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer were older at conception [(33.4±3.8) vs (30.6±4.4) years,t=-6.095],delivered at a greater gestational age [(35.8±2.1) vs (35.2±2.6) weeks,t=-2.452] and had a lower preterm birth rate [49.2%(206/419) vs 63.5% (54/85),x2=5.838] in the DCDA group,all P<0.05.No significant differences in the incidence of neonatal diseases were observed between the two subgroups.Conclusions The incidence of preterm birth is high in twin pregnancies.Compared with DCDA twin pregnancies,MCDA twin pregnancies are associated with more adverse outcomes due to higher incidence of neonatal diseases.In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer does not increase the incidence of preterm birth and the neonatal outcomes were comparable to those of spontaneously conceived ones.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 471-481, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771250

ABSTRACT

Both immunosuppressants and antibiotics (ABX) are indispensable for transplant patients. However, the former increases the risk of new-onset diabetes, whereas the latter impacts intestinal microbiota (IM). It is still unclear whether and how the interaction between immunosuppressants and ABX alters the IM and thus leads to glucose metabolism disorders. This study examined the alterations of glucose and lipid metabolism and IM in mice exposed to tacrolimus (TAC) with or without ABX. We found that ABX further aggravated TAC-induced glucose tolerance and increased insulin secretion. Combined treatment resulted in exacerbated lipid accumulation in the liver. TAC-altered microbial community was further amplified by ABX administration, as characterized by reductions in phylum Firmicutes, family Lachnospiraceae, and genus Coprococcus. Analyses based on the metagenomic profiles revealed that ABX augmented the effect of TAC on microbial metabolic function mostly related to lipid metabolism. The altered components of gut microbiome and predicted microbial functional profiles showed significant correlation with hepatic lipid accumulation and glucose disorders. In conclusion, ABX aggravated the effect of TAC on the microbiome and its metabolic capacities, which might contribute to hepatic lipid accumulation and glucose disorders. These findings suggest that the ABX-altered microbiome can amplify the diabetogenic effect of TAC and could be a novel therapeutic target for patients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800048

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies and the association with chorionicity and modes of conception in order to provide evidence for early prevention and reduction of complications and life quality improvement of twin neonates.@*Methods@#This study retrospectively enrolled 756 women with twin pregnancies who gave birth at Peking University Third Hospital from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2015. Clinical features of the mothers and newborns were collected, the pregnancy and neonatal outcomes were analyzed. Impacts of chorionicity and different modes of conception on the outcomes were also evaluated. Two independent-sample t test and Chi-square test were used as statistical methods.@*Results@#Twin pregnancies accounted for 6.7% (756/11 169) of all deliveries in the hospital during the study period and the preterm birth rate was 59.4% (449/756). Twenty five women underwent fetal reduction (3.3%, 25/756) and intrauterine death occurred in 85 pregnancies (11.2%, 85/756). Eventually 1 400 babies were born alive (92.6%, 1 400/1 512). Subgroup analysis suggested that compared with dichorionic diamniotic (DCDA) pregnancies, monochorionic diamniotic (MCDA) cases showed younger maternal age at conception [(30.5±4.2) vs (32.9±4.0) years, t=-7.412], smaller gestational age at delivery [(34.1±3.1) vs (35.7±2.2) weeks, t=-7.325] and higher preterm birth rate [78.4% (174/222) vs 51.5% (263/511), χ2=46.554], all P<0.05. Moreover, the incidence of neonatal complications, including respiratory distress syndrome [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.0% (21/261), χ2=11.210], neonatal pneumonia [18.3% (40/219) vs 8.8% (23/261), χ2=9.331] and sepsis [6.8% (15/219) vs 1.5% (4/261), χ2=8.854], etc. was higher in the MCDA group than those in the DCDA group, resulting in a higher mortality rate [7.8% (17/219) vs 1.1% (3/261), χ2=13.042] in the MCDA pregnancies, all P<0.05. Compared with spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies, women underwent in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer were older at conception [(33.4±3.8) vs (30.6±4.4) years, t=-6.095], delivered at a greater gestational age [(35.8±2.1) vs (35.2±2.6) weeks, t=-2.452] and had a lower preterm birth rate [49.2% (206/419) vs 63.5% (54/85), χ2=5.838] in the DCDA group, all P<0.05. No significant differences in the incidence of neonatal diseases were observed between the two subgroups.@*Conclusions@#The incidence of preterm birth is high in twin pregnancies. Compared with DCDA twin pregnancies, MCDA twin pregnancies are associated with more adverse outcomes due to higher incidence of neonatal diseases. In vitro fertilization-embryo transfer does not increase the incidence of preterm birth and the neonatal outcomes were comparable to those of spontaneously conceived ones.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797569

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of preterm female neonate with Raynaud's phenomenon, who was born at 30+3 weeks of gestation. Her right upper limb completely turned pale from wrist to fingers with undetermined cause five days after birth, with weakened radial artery pulsation and lower skin temperature than the other side. After several treatment steps including right upper limb massage, keeping warm, intravenous infusion of Alprostadil and application of tropical mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream, the affected limb gradually turned to purple and then ruddy. No abnormality was detected in the examinations for secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, therefore a primary Raynaud's phenomenon was considered. No similar symptoms recurred during hospitalization or follow-ups. Though rare, Raynaud's phenomenon should be considered if patients' hands suddenly turn to pale and then purple. The main treatments involve removing the causative factors, keeping warm and massage of the affected limb. Medications can be used to improve peripheral circulation if necessary. Long-term follow-up is needed for neonates suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756163

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of preterm female neonate with Raynaud's phenomenon, who was born at 30+3 weeks of gestation. Her right upper limb completely turned pale from wrist to fingers with undetermined cause five days after birth, with weakened radial artery pulsation and lower skin temperature than the other side. After several treatment steps including right upper limb massage, keeping warm, intravenous infusion of Alprostadil and application of tropical mucopolysaccharide polysulfate cream, the affected limb gradually turned to purple and then ruddy. No abnormality was detected in the examinations for secondary Raynaud's phenomenon, therefore a primary Raynaud's phenomenon was considered. No similar symptoms recurred during hospitalization or follow-ups. Though rare, Raynaud's phenomenon should be considered if patients' hands suddenly turn to pale and then purple. The main treatments involve removing the causative factors, keeping warm and massage of the affected limb. Medications can be used to improve peripheral circulation if necessary. Long-term follow-up is needed for neonates suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754827

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between the change of left ventricular ( LV ) function and mechanical dispersion ( MD ) and exercise capacity in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ( HCM ) by exercise stress echocardiography . Methods Sixty‐five HCM patients [ 40 cases of hypertrophic non‐obstructive cardiomyopathy ( HNCM ) , 25 cases of hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy ( HOCM ) ] and 25 control subjects were recruited .LV function ,MD and exercise capacity were evaluated by two‐dimensional speckle‐tracking imaging and echocardiography at rest and during exercise ,and the following parameters of LV function were recorded : LV global longitudinal strain ( LVGLS) ,MD ,early diastolic strain rate ( Sre) ,the ratio of peak early diastolic mitral inflow and annulus velocity ( E/e′) ,LV outflow tract gradient ( LVO TG) ; LV functional reserve was assessed by ΔLVGLS and ΔSRe ; exercise capacity was evaluated by metabolic equivalents ( M ET s ) . T he association between the change of LV function and MD and exercise capacity was investigated . Results ①Compared with normal controls ,LVO TG ,E/e′ and MD increased ,and LVGLS ,Sre , ΔLVGLS , ΔSRe and M ET s decreased in HNCM patients at rest and during exercise ( all P < 0 .05 ) . ② LVO TG , E/e′ and MD were further increased ,LVLGS ,Sre ,ΔSRe and M Ets were further reduced in HOCM patients compared with HNCM patients ( all P < 0 .05 ) . ③LVGLS and MD measured at peak exercise were associated with M ET s ( r =-0 .68 , P < 0 .001 ; r = -0 .43 , P < 0 .001 ) . ④ ROC curve analysis showed LVGLS had a better predictive value for exercise intolerance in HCM patients ,followed by E/e′ and MD . Conclusions LV function and mechanic reserve are reduced but MD is increased in HCM patients ,especially in HOCM patients . Exercise capacity is associated with LV function and MD ,w hich can predict the reduced exercise capacity in HCM patients .

13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 505-510, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810036

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of early antibiotics treatment on intestinal microbiota in preterm infants.@*Methods@#The cohort study was performed from January 2015 to June 2015 in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Peking University Third Hospital. A total of 33 preterm infants were enrolled, among whom 25 were antibiotics-exposure group, and 8 were non-exposure group. Serial stool samples were collected on the first day, 14th and 30th days of life and analyzed by high-throughput sequencing. In exposure group, intestinal microbiota was also analyzed at 8 months to 1 year of age. Categorical variables were analyzed with χ2 test, and continuous variables were analyzed with t test or non-parametric test.@*Results@#Proteobacteria was the most prominent flora after birth in all cases (exposure group 69.6%, non-exposure group 83.7%) . In exposure group, at the phylum level, Proteobacteria was the dominant bacteria within the first 30 days, followed by Firmicutes after 30 days of life. At the genus level, Escherichia was the most abundant genera within 30 days after birth, while Veillonella became dominant after 8 months to 1 year of life. In non-exposure group, at the phylum level, Proteobacteria was the dominant phylum within the first 30 days. At the genus level, Actinobacteria (37.5%) was the dominant genus after birth, followed by Escherichia within the first month. Intestinal bacterial abundance and diversity were lower in exposure group, which was most significant on 30th day of life (shannon index 2.6 vs.3.4, ACE index 563.9 vs.591.6) . The influence of single antibiotics was less significant than combined treatment (shannon index 2.7 vs.2.5, ACE index 727.3 vs.492.9) . At the genus level, compared to non-exposure group, there were significant decrease of Escherichia (9.3% vs. 54.3%, Z=-2.830, P=0.005), Klebsiella (0.03% vs.12.4%,Z=-2.240, P=0.025), and Clostridium (0.2% vs. 4.8%, Z=-2.979, P=0.003) in exposure group on 14 days of life. Bifidobacterium (0.1% vs.2.0%, Z=-2.349, P=0.019) in cases treated with combined antibiotics was lower than that treated with antibiotic monotherapy on 30 days of life.@*Conclusions@#Early application of combined antibiotics impacts on the intestinal microbiome of preterm infants significantly. The infants who have received antibiotic after birth have lower quantity and diversity of Clostridium, Lactobacillus, Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707641

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical and echocardiographic parameters in left heart failure patients with or without pulmonary edema by cardiopulmonary ultrasound.Methods All patients underwent transthoracic lung ultrasonography and echocardiography examination.The following echocardiographic parameters were determined:left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters (LVEDD and LVESD),left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes (LVEDV and LVESV),left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF),left atrial volume index (LAVindex),systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) and the degree of mitral regurgitation,the peak Doppler velocities of early (E) and late (A) diastolic flow,early (e') diastolic velocity of the mitral annulus,and the average E/e'ratio was calculated.The NYHA functional classification and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were also recorded.Results A total of 113 heart failure patients,included 72 patients (63.7%) combined with pulmonary edema revealed by lung ultrasonography.Compared with patients without pulmonary edema,those with pulmonary edema were with higher plasma concentrations of NT-proBNP,NYHA functional class,left ventricular diastolic function classification,SPAP and E/e',larger LVEDD and the diameter of right ventricle,more severe mitral regurgitation,and lower LVEF(all P <0.05).By multivariate logistic regression analysis,E/e',SPAP and NT-proBNP were independent echocardiographic predictors of pulmonary edema in patients with heart failure.Conclusions Cardiopulmonary ultrasound can evaluate heart and pulmonary condition in patients with heart failure.Left ventricular diastolic function is an important determinant of pulmonary edema in patients with left heart failure.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706304

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function before left ventricular morphologic changes in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients.Methods A total of 111 OSAS patients were divided into left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) group (n=29) and non-LVH group (n=82).Meanwhile,50 healthy subjects were enrolled as normal control group.Routine echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (2D-STI) were performed.The differences of conventional echocardiography and 2D-STI parameters were compared among the three groups.The correlations between echocardiography and clinical parameters were analyzed.Results Compared with those of the other 2 groups,left ventricular mass index (LVMI),diastolic thickness of interventricular septum (IVST),diastolic ventricular posterior wall thickness (PWT),left ventricular internal diastolic dimension (LVIDd),the ratio between early diastolic peak velocity of mitral valve and early diastolic velocity of mitral annular (E/e') and left atrial volume index (LAVI) increased (all P<0.05),and mitral annular early diastolic velocity (e') at interventricular septum and lateral wall decreased in LVH group (all P<0.05).The mitral annular systolic velocity (s') in LVH group was less than that in normal control group (P =0.013).Compared with those of the other 2 groups,left ventricular global longitudinal systolic strain (S) and early diastolic strain rate (SRE) decreased (all P<0.05),and the ratio of early diastolic peak velocity of mitral valve to SRE (E/SRE) increased in LVH group (both P<0.05).Compared with normal control group,systolic strain rate (SRS) decreased in LVH group (P=0.001).S,SRS,SRE in non-LVH group were less than those in normal control group (all P<0.05),and E/SRE was higher than that in normal control group (P<0.001).S,E/SRE were independently associated with apnea hypopnea index (both P<0.05).LVMI was independently associated with mean arterial oxygen saturation (β =-0.299,t =-3.273,P =0.001).Conclusion OSAS can affect the structure and functions of left ventricular independently.The systolic and diastolic functions of left ventricular have been impaired before morphology changed.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505751

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of primary malignant pericardial mesothelioma (PPM).Methods Cases of PPM with description of echocardiographic presentations from China mainland were searched from database during 1981 to 2015.Data about the clinical and echocardiographic features of the patients were collected.Results A total of 122 patients were included for analysis.It involved mainly middle-aged [(39.9 ± 14.7)years] and male patients (79,64.8%).The most common echocardiographic demonstration was pericardial effusion (74.6%) with were mostly bloody (97.7%),followed by pericardial masses (36.9%) and pericardial thickening (18.0%).The echocardiographic diagnostic accordance rate was about 26.2%.Conclusions The most common presentation of PPM on echocardiogram is massive pericardial effusion.Echocardiography is of great value in screening and assessment of PPM.The definitive diagnosis is made by histopathological examination.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514010

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of high resolution pleuropulmonary ultrasonography and bedside chest X-ray in identifying different pathologic abnormalities in patients with dyspnea,using thoracic computed tomography (CT) as a gold standard.Methods Bedside pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was performed in 350 dyspneic patients in the emergency department and ICU,111 patients were enrolled in the study with pleuropulmonary ultrasonography,chest X-ray and chest CT examination performed within 24 hours.Pathologic entities were evaluated:pleural effusion,consolidation,atelectasis,pneumothorax,pulmonary interstitial fibrosis,and pulmonary edema.The sensitivity,specificity,negative and positive prediction value of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography and chest X-ray were compared with the corresponding CT scan results.Results Pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was highly concordant with chest X-ray.Overall ultrasonography exhibited higher sensitivity than chest X-ray and CT for pleural effusion.For atelectasis and pulmonary edema,the sensitivity of ultrasonography was up to 100%.In the diagnosis of pulmonary interstitial fibrosis,the sensitivity of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was higher than that of chest X-ray,but the specificity was slightly lower.The sensitivity of pleuropulmonary ultrasonography was slightly higher than that of chest X-ray in pneumothorax,and the specificity was coincident with chest X-ray.Although the sensitivity of ultrasonography was slightly lower for consolidation,it was still higher than chest X-ray.The ability of chest X-ray for differentiating pleural effusion from atelectasis or consolidation was worse than that of ultrasonography.Conclusions Our study demonstrates a high concordance between ultrasonography with radiography.The diagnostic performance of bedside pleuropulmonary ultrasonography is better than that of chest X-ray.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611531

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the right atrial(RA) function using two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography(2D-STE) and the value of predicting WHO functional class in patients with pulmonary hypertension(PH).Methods Fifty-four consecutive PH patients were studied and compared with a control group of 24 healthy volunteers.RA function was evaluated by 2D-STE,and the following parameters were recorded:an average longitudinal strain (LS) curve that included LSpos during RA filling and LSneg representing RA active contraction (their summation is LStot),the phasic RA volumes,total RA emptying fraction (TotEF),RA passive(PassEF) and active emptying fraction(ActEF).The associations between these indices and the results of invasive pulmonary hemodynamics,cardiac structure and function level were evaluated.Results LStot,TotEF,LSpos,PassEF were significantly lower in PH patients than in controls(all P<0.01).ActEF/TotEF were significantly higher in WHO functional class (WHO-FC) Ⅱ and WHO-FC Ⅲ patients than in controls(all P<0.05),while were lower in WHO-FCIV patients than in controls(P<0.001).Among PH patients,LStot was negatively correlated with greater RA size and RA pressure (all P<0.01).LStot was also associated with right ventricular (RV) functional and overload parameters.In receiver-operator characteristic analysis,RA LStot was of optimal accuracy for prediction of WHO-FC≥Ⅲ in PH patients (P=0.002).Conclusions PH is associated with impaired reservoir and conduit function,but active contract function of RA is enhanced in WHO-FC Ⅱ and WHO-FC Ⅲ patients,and reduced in WHO-FCIV patients.RA LStot confers an optimal predictive effect of poor WHO-FC in PH patients and indicating prognosis.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666005

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the early changes of left atrial structure and function using echocardiography in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome( OSAS) patients with and without left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) . Methods Echocardiography was performed in 91 OSAS patients (64 without LVH , 27 with LVH) ,and the results were compared with those from age-matched and gender-matched controls ( n=40) . All subjects were examined with two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography ( 2D-STE) to obtain the apical four chamber and two chamber left atrium(LA) strain and strain rate curve image .Systolic strain and strain rate( Ss ,SRs) ,early diastolic strain and strain rate( Se ,SRe) ,late diastolic strain and strain rate(Sa ,SRa) were measured . Phasic LA volumes and empty fractions were calculated . The ratio of peak early diastolic mitral inflow and annulus velocity ( E/e′) was used to estimate left ventricular diastolic function . Results Compared with the control group ,LA volume ,LA stiffness index ,SRa and active empyting fraction ( AEF) increased ,Ss ,SRs ,Se ,SRe ,total empyting fraction ( TEF) and passive empyting fraction ( PEF) decreased in none LVH group ( P < 0 .05) . Importantly ,diastolic function was relatively normal in this subgroup without LVH( P > 0 .05) . Diastolic function decreased in LVH group ,and the changes of left atrial structure and function like above mentioned were more significant .The apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was found to be negatively correlated with Ss ,SRs ,Se ,SRe ,TEF and PEF . Conclusions OSAS is associated with LA remodeling and dysfunction that occurs before the development of LVH and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction ,and it will be further aggravated along with the development of LVH .

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China Pharmacist ; (12): 2190-2192, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Sofre injection combined with isosorbide mononitrate in the treatment of refractory heart failure. Methods:Totally 66 cases of patients with refractory heart failure in our hospital were randomly di-vided into the observation group and the control group with 33 cases in each. Each patient received the conventional treatment. On the basis of routine treatment, the control group was treated with isosorbide mononitrate injection (25mg,qd,ivd). On the basis of control group, the observation group was treated with Sofre injection (10ml, qd, ivd). The treatment course was 14 days. Before and after the treatment, the improvement degree clinical symptoms, left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) , left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV) and 6-min walking distance (6MWD) were observed, and the rate of heart fail-ure hospitalization, heart failure mortality and 6MWT changes were followed up for 6 months in the two groups. The adverse drug reac-tions ( ADR) in both groups during the treatment were recorded as well. Results:After the 2-week treatment, the effective rate and the total effective rate of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0. 05); LVEF, CI, SV and 6MWD of the two groups after the treatment were significantly higher than those before the treatment, and LVEDD significantly de-creased (P<0. 05), and the improvement of the observation group was more obvious than that of the control group (P<0. 05). After the 6-month follow-up, 6MWD was significantly longer in the observation group than that in the control group (P<0. 05), while there were no statistically significant differences in the hospitalization rate and the mortality rate between the groups (P>0. 05). There were no adverse reactions in both groups during the whole treatment. Conclusion:Sofre injection combined with isosorbide mononitrate can significantly improve cardiac function in the patients with refractory heart failure with improved clinical efficacy and good safety.

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