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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482633

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyzed distribution characteristics of gene mutation and gene carrying rate of thalassaemia in Shenzhen.Methods 2 500 cases with adult,neonatal umbilical cord blood of 2 500 cases for alpha thalassaemia,beta thalas-saemia,gene types and carry frequency were analyzed.Results 8 types of alpha thalassemia gene 128 cases,rate of detection was 5.12% (128/2 500),and the main genetic types were-SEA/αα(54 cases,42.19%),-SEA/-α3.7 (32 cases,25%)respec-tively.2 500 cases of adult samples were checked out 7 types of gene mutation 101 cases,and detection rate was 4.04%(101/2 500).Main gene mutation type were CD41-42 (39 cases,38.61%),IVS-2-654 (20,21 cases,79%),CD17 (18 cases, 17.82%)and-28 (13 cases,12.87%)respectively.Conclusion Shenzhen thalassaemia mutation type and frequency had ob-vious regional characteristics and times characteristics,health authorities should strengthen epidemiology study,formulate corresponding prevention and intervention measures.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 300-303, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436489

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of nicotine on rats callus content and maturity in the process of fracture healing.Methods Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into model group,mild nicotine group and severe nicotine group (n =20/each group).The 3-mm bone defects fracture models were made in the junction of the lower 1/3 of the rat left radial.Five rats of each group were sacrificed randomly in the 3,7,14,21 days after surgery,respectively.The left radial were collected as the observed object.The callus thickness and maturity of the specimens were detected by HE staining.Results At the 3rd days after modeling,the difference in specimens callus thickness between each treatment group and the model group was not statistically significant (P > 0.05),no difference in the maturity of the callus under the microscope; callus thickness in mild and severe nicotine groups and model group was (1.59 ± 0.09) mm,(1.43 ± 0.12) mm,(1.39 ± 0.09) mm at the 7th day after modeling,(1.98 ± 0.12) mm,(1.78 ± 0.08)mm and (1.68 ± 0.09) mm at the 14th day after modeling,and (2.39 ± 0.09) mm,(1.93 ± 0.11) mm,(1.89 ± 0.09) mm at the 21 st day after modeling; The difference of callus thickness in specimens between each treatment group and the model group had statistical significance (P < 0.05,P <0.01),callus thickness and maturity of the treatment group were lower than that in the model group.Conclusions Nicotine affects the proliferation and differentiation of callus,reduces callus formation,inhibits maturity transformation of bone,and delays the healing process of fracture.

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