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1.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 584-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical application and long-term safety of hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQ) in the treatment of rheumatic diseases.Methods:A multi-center cross-sectional study was conducted between August 2017 and August 2018 in a random sample of eleven medical institutions of rheumatology and immunology in China. Patients who took HCQ for more than 3 months were enrolled into this study. The cumulative dose and long-term side effects of HCQ were recorded. The changes of laboratory indexes before and after treatment with HCQ were analyzed. Categorical variables were presented with counts and proportions, and evaluated by Chi-square test. Continuous parametric data were presented as Mean±standard deviation, and evaluated by Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test. P-values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results:A total of 886 patients with rheumatic diseases were enrolled into this study, including 505 cases with systemic lupus erythematosus (57.0%), 210 cases with rheumatoid arthritis (23.7%), 80 cases with Sj?gren's syndrome (9.0%), 57 cases with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (6.4%), 12 cases of systemic vasculitis (1.4%), 10 cases of mixed connective tissue disease (1.1%), 7 cases of myositis (0.8%) and 5 cases with systemic sclerosis (0.6%). The most common long-term side effects of HCQ was skin or mucous lesions (12.4%) and vision problems (8.0%). Other adverse reactions included problems of digestive system (3.0%), nervous system (2.1%), musculoskeletal system (1.1%) and cardiovascular system (0.9%). 140 cases (15.8%) had stopped taking HCQ during the treatment. More than half of them decided to stop taking medicine by themselves. Fifty-four patients (6.1%) stopped using HCQ due to side effects while 24 of them took it again, and another 12 patients (1.4%) stopped the drug due to remission of illness. Patients were divided into three groups according to the cumulative dose of HCQ: less than 500 g, 500-1 000 g and more than 1 000 g respectively. There was significant difference in the incidence of long-term side effects among the three groups ( χ2=6.382, P=0.041). The last group (more than 1 000 g) suffered the highest incidence of long-term adverse reactions (37.1%). No severe adverse drug reactions were observed in this study. Conclusion:Hydroxychloroquine is widely used in the treatment of rheumatic diseases. The incidence of long-term side effects is 20.4%, is 6.1% lead to drug withdrawal, which are especially related to the cumulative doses. It should be adjusted properly according to the clinical application.

2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 221-230, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888419

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant global mental health concern, especially in the military. This study aims to estimate the efficacy of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD, by synthesizing evidences from randomized controlled trials.@*METHODS@#Five electronic databases (Pubmed, EBSCO Medline, Embase, PsychINFO and Cochrane Library) were searched for randomized controlled trials focusing on the treatment effect of mindfulness meditation on military-related PTSD. The selection of eligible studies was based on identical inclusion and exclusion criteria. Information about study characteristics, participant characteristics, intervention details, PTSD outcomes, as well as potential adverse effects was extracted from the included studies. Risk of bias of all the included studies was critically assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's tool. R Statistical software was performed for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1902 records were initially identified and screened. After duplicates removal and title & abstract review, finally, 19 articles in English language with 1326 participants were included through strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results revealed that mindfulness meditation had a significantly larger effect on alleviating military-related PTSD symptoms compared with control conditions, such as treatment as usual, present-centered group therapy and PTSD health education (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -0.33; 95% CI [-0.45, -0.21]; p < 0.0001). Mindfulness interventions with different control conditions (active or non-active control, SMD = -0.33, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.19]; SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.88, -0.10], respectively), formats of delivery (group-based or individual-based, SMD = -0.30, 95% CI [-0.42, -0.17], SMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.90, -0.08], respectively) and intervention durations (short-term or standard duration, SMD = -0.27, 95% CI [-0.46, -0.08], SMD = -0.40, 95% CI [-0.58, -0.21], respectively) were equally effective in improving military-related PTSD symptoms.@*CONCLUSION@#Findings from this meta-analysis consolidate the efficacy and feasibility of mindfulness meditation in the treatment of military-related PTSD. Further evidence with higher quality and more rigorous design is needed in the future.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905426

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare the policies and theoretical fundamental, the categories and amount of activities, benefits and influential factors of international and national physical activity guidelines for children, to provide theoretical and method guidance for the development and implementation of relevant guidelines. Methods:Six guidelines of physical activity for children issued by the World Health Organization (WHO), China, United States, Australia and Canada (2 sets) were included, analyzed and coded using International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). The policy background, theories, evidence-based methods, recommended activities, activity volume, benefits and influential factors of the guidelines were discussed. Results:There were relevant backgrounds of health policies and theoretical fundamentals for the development of these guidelines. The recommended categories of physical activities involved the activities of fitness, skills and sports. The amount of activity all the guidelines recommended was at least 60 minutes of moderate to high intensity activity per day, and vigorous-intensity or musculoskeletal enhancement activities at least three times a week. Physical activities had benefit for children in the fields of development and maxima of functioning, promotion of activities and participation, formation of good habits of life, establishment of healthy lifestyles, and improvement of the relevant environmental factors. Conclusion:It is useful to analyze and compare the contents of guidelines of physical activities for children using framework, terminology and coding systems of ICF-CY. Both international and national guidelines of physical activity for children are developed in relevant health policies backgrounds and health-related theories. There are three types of physical activity for children aligning to ICF-CY: fitness, skills and sports. All guidelines recommended moderate to high level intensity of activity. Children can gain from physical activities for the development of exercise habits and active lifestyles. Accessible environments are recommended, including Products and Technology, Natural Environment and Human-Made Changes to Environment, Support and Relationships, Attitudes, and Services, Systems and Policies.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873370

ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can establish mycorrhizal symbiosis system with most terrestrial plants,and play important roles in their growth and development. However,there is no systematic analysis and summarization of their roles in the growth, biosynthesis and accumulation of active substances of herbs,as well as stress-resistance mechanism. First,the main research methods of AMF were summarized in the paper,including the separation of AMF spores,morphological identification,chemical staining and molecular identification. The main morphological structures of some AMF were detailed in the table. In terms of growth promotion,AMF promoted the growth by prolonging mycelium,enhancing phosphatase secretion,organic acid,activation of soil and increasing absorption efficiency. In the aspect of biosynthesis and accumulation of flavonoids,terpenoids and other active substances in herbs,AMF improved the contents by regulating activities of signal substances and key enzymes involved in the metabolism of secondary products. In addition,AMF could alleviate a series of stresses caused by drought,heavy metal,high salt,high or low temperature by improving the activity of antioxidant enzymes,enhancing the ability of plants to scavenge free radicals,complexing toxic heavy metals,diluting high salt concentration,or inducing the expressions of key genes. Finally,the application prospects and in-depth study of AMF in the ecological planting of herbs were discussed, in order to provide reference for promoting relevant research.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873240

ABSTRACT

Steroidal saponins are efficacious substances wildly existed in the herbs,and consist of glycosyl and steroid sapogenin. The biosynthesis pathways of steroidal saponins mainly include the cytosolic mevalonate (MVA) pathway and the plastidial methylerythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway,with the MVA pathway as the main pathway. The key enzymes are involved in the biosynthetic pathway, including 3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A reductase(HMGR),1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate synthase(DXS),1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphatereduetoisomerase(DXR),farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase(FPS),squalene synthase(SS),squalene epoxidase(SE),cycloartenol synthase(CAS),cytochrome P450(CYP450),and steroidalglycosyltransferase(SGTase). In the paper,the biosynthesis roadmap of steroidal saponins was optimized based on previous studies. According to a comprehensive analysis on studies of key enzymes for the past five years, genes, like HMGR,SS,CYP450 and UGT,were studied more,while other genes,like FPS,SE,CAS,were known less. In conclusion, current studies still focus on the primary stage,but lack direct evidence for the roles of key enzymes. This paper would provide a reference and theoretical support for subsequent studies.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828999

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To verify the health advisory for short-term exposure to phenol.@*Methods@#The method of this validation experiment was the same as the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methodology for toxicology experiments used to determine phenol drinking water equivalent level (DWEL). Pregnant female Sprague-Dawley rats were administered phenol in distilled water by gavage at daily doses of 15, 30, 60, 120, and 240 mg/kg body weight (b.w.) from implantation (the 6th day post-mating) to the day prior to the scheduled caesarean section (the 20th day of pregnancy). The following information was recorded: general behavior; body weight; number of corpus luteum, live birth, fetus, stillbirth, and implantation; fetal gender; body weight; body length; tail length; and abnormalities and pathomorphological changes in the dams.@*Results@#In the 60 mg/kg b.w. dose group, the mortality of pregnant rats increased with increasing doses, suggesting maternal toxicity. Fetal and placental weights decreased as phenol dose increased from 30 mg/kg b.w., and were significantly different compared those in the vehicle control group, which suggested developmental toxicity in the fetuses. However, the phenol-exposed groups showed no significant change in other parameters compared with the vehicle control group ( > 0.05).@*Conclusion@#Despite using the same method as the US EPA, a different NOEAL of 15 mg/(kg·d) was obtained in this study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Environmental Pollutants , Toxicity , Female , Fetal Development , Phenol , Toxicity , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toxicity Tests, Acute
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible long-term health effects of the defoamer used in seawater desalination by sub-chronic toxicity testing.@*METHODS@#Blood analysis, internal organ assessment, and histopathological examination were carried out in rats exposed to low, medium, and high (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg BW, respectively) doses of defoamer for 90 days through oral administration.@*RESULTS@#The high dose group showed decreased blood alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase (P < 0.05). All doses resulted in a significant increase in albumin and decrease in globulin (P < 0.05). The direct bilirubin and indirect bilirubin were decreased in the medium and high dose groups (P < 0.05). All dose groups showed significant induction of alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.05). Pathological examination revealed a case of liver mononuclear cell infiltration in the medium dose group and three cases of liver congestion, steatosis of hepatic cells around the central vein, and punctate necrosis with multiple focal mononuclear cell infiltration in male rats administered the high dose. The No Observed Adverse Effect Level was 0.5 g/kg BW in rats, with albumin and total bilirubin as health effect indices.@*CONCLUSION@#Long-term defoamer exposure may cause liver injury but has no significant impact on renal function in rats. The effect on blood cells in female rats was more prominent than that in male rats.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Antifoaming Agents , Toxicity , Blood Chemical Analysis , Body Weight , Eating , Female , Male , Rats, Wistar , Toxicity Tests, Subchronic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792696

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine factors influencing the immunization of measles vaccine(MV) among health care workers in Hangzhou, and to provide recommendations to promote their MV immunization. Methods In 2016, we used typical sampling method to select 2 general hospitals of 3 different levels, 1 infectious diseases hospital and 1 children's hospital, and interviewed health care workers in high and low measles risk departments to investigate their MV immunization by using a structured questionnaire. Factors influencing their immunization were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results A total of 141 of 349 health care workers investigated had MV immunization history, and the MV immunization coverage rate was 40.40%.The logistic regression analysis showed that working in low measles risk department(OR=1.91, 95%CI: 1.20-3.04) was risk factors for MV immunization, and having confidence with the effectiveness of MV(OR=0.40, 95%CI: 0.21-0.78) . Knowing the "measles vaccination suggestion" (OR=0.50, 95%CI: 0.28-0.91) and the hospital had organized measles vaccination for health care workers in recent years(OR=0.35, 95%CI: 0.22-0.57) were protective factors for MV immunization. Conclusions Health care workers in Hangzhou had low MV coverage but high willingness. We should enhance education activity of MV immunization and organize measles vaccination for health care worker at regular intervals by hospitals to increase the MV coverage.

10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1487-1492, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a myelodysplastic syndrome transformed to leukemia cell line stably expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP), and to evaluate its biological characteristics and applications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SKM-1 cells were transfected by lentiviral particles with vector of GFP. The GFP positive single cell clone was isolated by limiting dilution and continued being cultured. The cells were injected into mice subcutaneously and were screened in vivo. Then SKM-1/GFP cells were obtained after tumour plaque was separated and cultivated. The cell morphology was observed by fluorescence microscopy. The GFP expression was further detected by flow cytometry. The cell proliferation was analysed by CCK-8 assay. SKM-1/GFP cells were inoculated to subcutaneous tissue of the immunodeficiency mice. The growth and invasion of the tumour were observed after tumour formation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No differences in cell morphology and growth characteristics were observed between SKM-1 cells and SKM-1/GFP cells. The rate of GFP expression was 100%. No differences in cell proliferation were observed between SKM-1 cells and SKM-1/GFP cells. The tumour mass was observed after 14 days of subcutaneous vaccination in NOD/SCID mice. Spontaneous fluorescence from plaque was observed by living fluorescence microscopy at 30th day after vaccination. Homogenous GFP positive cells were observed by fluorescence microscopy in the frozen section of tumour mass. The invasion of SKM-1/GFP cells was also detected in heart, liver, stomach and kidney of mice.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A myelody-splastic syndrome transformed to leukemia cell line stably expressing green fluorescent protein has been established successfully, which can track tumor cell sensitively and can be applied to the research of minimal residual leukemia. The establishment of SKM-1/GFP cells may serve as a powerful means for studing myelodysplastic syndrome transformation.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658250

ABSTRACT

Ventricular remodeling is one of the main causes of heart failure. A large number of studies have shown that inflammation plays an important role in the occurrence and development of ventricular remodeling. Recent studies found that chronic inflammation mediated by T cells is closely related to the progression of ventricular remodeling. This review summarized the recent research progress of T lymphocyte subsets in ventricular remodeling.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661122

ABSTRACT

Ventricular remodeling is one of the main causes of heart failure. A large number of studies have shown that inflammation plays an important role in the occurrence and development of ventricular remodeling. Recent studies found that chronic inflammation mediated by T cells is closely related to the progression of ventricular remodeling. This review summarized the recent research progress of T lymphocyte subsets in ventricular remodeling.

13.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 176-182, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507287

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify whether cisplatin can induce autophagy of bladder cancer T24 cells and the possible mechanism, and to observe the relationship between outophagy and apoptosis.Methods MTT assay was applied to investigate the effects of various concentration of cisplatin( 0 , 10 , 20 and 40 μg/mL) on T24 survival.TEM was performed to detect the autophagosome formation .Western blot assay was used to analyze the expression changes of LC3-Ⅱ, P62 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase ( ERK1/2 ) and p-ERK at the protein level.The effects of autophagy on the survival and apoptosis of bladder cancer cells were investiga-ted.Results DDP observably inhibited proliferation of bladder cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner ( P<0.05), the 50% inhibiting concentration(IC50) was (30.3 ±2.4)μg/mL;DDP induced autophagy of bladder cancer cells, observably increased autophagosome induced by DDP; up-regulated expression levels of LC3-Ⅱproteins ( P<0.05 ) , down-regulated expression of P62 proteins ( P<0.05 );DDP increased the protein level of p-ERK (P<0.05); The inhibitor of ERK pathway U0126 inhibited DDP-induced autophagy, as evidenced by decrease in the expression of LC3-Ⅱproteins ( P<0.05 ) .After inhibition of autophagy by WTM in DDP-treated cells, cell viability was obviously decreased and apoptosis was increased (P<0.05);DDP combined with WTM observably enhanced cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase 1 ( PARP-1 ) and cleaved-caspase-3 which is apop-tosis related proteins ( P<0.05 ) .Conclusions Autophagy can protect T24 cells against ciplatin-induced apop-tosis, the possible mechanism of autophagy is the ERK signaling pathway is activated .

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515187

ABSTRACT

Objective · To investigate effect of fucoidan on autophagy, migration and invasion in human multiple myeloma U266 cells. Methods · The U266 cells treated with fucoidan were cultured in vitro. The formation of autophagosomes was observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Transwell assay was used to evaluate the effect of fucoidan on migratory and invasive abilities of U266 cells. The protein levels of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, Beclin-1, P62, MMP9, CXCR4, p-AKT/T-AKT, p-mTOR/T-mTOR were detected by Western blotting. MMP9 concentration in the culture medium was examined by ELISA. Results · ① Autophagosomes increased in fucoidan-treated cells compared with control group under TEM. ② Migratory and invasive abilities were inhibited by fucoidan in a dose-dependent manner, which were suppressed by chloroquine. ③ Western blotting demonstrated that expression of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ, Beclin-1 and MMP9 increased in fucoidan-treated cells, while P62, CXCR4, p-AKT/T-AKT and p-mTOR/T-mTOR decreased compared with control group. ④ The result of ELISA showed that MMP9 concentration in the culture medium of fucoidan-treated cells significantly decreased. Conclusion · Fucoidan induces autophagy and inhibits migration and invasion in U266 cells.

15.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 379-387, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296273

ABSTRACT

The severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is the causative pathogen of an emerging infectious disease severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome and a new member in the genus Phlebovirus of family Bunyaviridae. Immune responses and pathological lesions in SFTSV-infected Balb/C mice and hamsters were evaluated by inoculation of SFTSV at 105 TCID50 or 103 TCID50 per animal through four different routes of infection, including intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, and intracerebral injections. The vehicle control groups were also included. At different time points after the inoculation blood and plasma samples were collected. Blood cell counts, blood viral RNA copies, and plasma antibodies were detected by automatic blood cell counters, real-time PCR, and luminex assays, respectively. At two weeks post inoculation, the animals were sacrificed. Tissues including heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, intestine, muscle, and brain, were collected for pathological analyses. Results showed that the SFTSV could infect Balb/C mice and hamsters with SFTSV-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG antibodies detected in plasma samples on day 7 post inoculation. The SFTSV-specific IgM levels peaked on day 7 post inoculation and then decreased, whereas the SFTSV-specific IgG levels started to increase on day 7 and then peaked on day 14 post inoculation. Pathological analyses indicated significant pathological lesions in liver and kidney tissues. In conclusion, SFTSV could can infect different strains of rodent animals and cause similar immunological and pathological responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibody Specificity , Bunyaviridae Infections , Blood , Pathology , Cricetinae , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Organ Specificity , Phlebovirus , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789320

ABSTRACT

[ Objective ] To explore the related factors of colorectal polyps. [ Methods ] Participants were divided into polyps group and control group according to colonoscopy.The possible risk factors were investigated by questionnaire.Logistic regression analysis was conducted in order to explore the related factors of colorectal polyps. [ Results] A total of 252 participants (154 in polyps group, 98 in control group) were enrolled in the current study.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that those with higher odds ratio of colorectal polyps were among male ( OR: 2.65, 95% CI: 1.17 -6.00) and obesity(OR:4.80,95%CI:1.16 -9.94), among those with family history of colorectal polyps ( OR:10.19, 95%CI:1.19-17.26), and those with high proportion of fat intake(OR:3.24, 95%CI:1.46-7.20). [ Conclusion] Male, obesity, family history of colorectal polyps and high proportion of fat intake are the related factors of colorectal polyps. And investigation by related factors questionnaire facilitates the targeted screening of colorectal tumors.

17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 711-718, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461768

ABSTRACT

Objective CD4 +IL-17 +cells are a group of newly discovered effector CD4 +T cells, which may play a key role in the pathogenesis of cancer.This study aims to investigate the expres-sion of CD4 +IL-17 +cells in pancreatic cancer and its correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the dis-ease as well as the clinical significance of the cells in the microenvironment of pancreatic cancer. Methods We collected tumor tis-sue and tumor-adjacent normal tissue samples from 51 pancreatic cancer patients.We determined the expressions of CD34 and vascular endothelial growth factor ( VEGF) and measured the proportion of IL-17 +cells in the cancer tissue using immunohistochemistry and the fluorescence activated cell sorter, respectively, followed by analysis of their correlation with tumor angiogenesis, clinicopathological pa-rameters, and survival time of the patients. Results The percentage of CD4 +IL-17 +cells in tumor tissue was positively correlated with microvessel density (r =0.534, P0.05).Fifty (98.0%) of the patients were successfully followed up for 2-67 months, which revealed a median survival time of 16.6 ±4.8 months, significantly longer in those with a higher expression of intratumoral IL-17 +cells (P<0.05).Univariate analysis showed an association of the survival rate with the tumor size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and level of intratumoral IL-17 +cells, while multivariate analysis showed the TNM stage to be an independent prognostic factor for the survival of the pancreatic cancer patients. Conclusion The expression of CD4 +IL-17 +cells in the tumor tissue is positively correlated with tumor angiogenesis, while that of IL-17 +cells with the clinicopathological parameters and survival time of the patients and therefore may serve as an important immune indicator for the prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of compound qingqin liquid (CQL) on Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in rats with urate nephropathy, and to explore its renal protection mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 55 SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., the normal control group (n =5), the model group (n =10), the positive drug group (n=10), and the high-, medium-, low-dose CQL groups (n=10) respectively. The urate nephropathy model was induced by intragastrically administering adenine and feeding yeast. Distilled water was intragastrically administered at the daily dose of 10 mL/kg to rats in the normal control group and the model group. Allopurinol was intragastrically administered at the daily dose of 9.33 mg/kg to rats in the positive control group. CQL was intragastrically administered at the daily dose of 3.77, 1.89, 0.94 g/kg to rats in the high-, medium-, and low-dose CQL groups. Rats of each group were executed in batches at the 4th and 6th week respectively. Their kidney tissues were taken out to determine the mRNA transcription level of TLR2 and TLR4 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The protein expression level of TLR2 and TLR4 were determined by Western blot. The protein expression level of TLR4 was also detected by immunohistochemical assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 4 and 6, the protein expression of TLR2 and TLR4 as well as the mRNA transcription of TLR4 increased in the model group, when compared with the control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, there was no statistical difference in the transcription level of TLR2 mRNA or TLR4 mRNA among the 3 CQL groups (P > 0.05) at week 4 and 6. Additionally, at week 6, the protein expression of TLR4 and TLR2 could be reduced by CQL (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CQL might protect kidney tissue against inflammatory injury by inhibiting the protein expression levels of TLR2 and TLR4.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Uric Acid
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of Compound Qingqin Liquid (CQL) on the expression level of angiotensin II (Ang II) and COX-2 mRNA transcription and protein expression in the renal tissue of rats with uric acid nephropathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>SD rats were randomly divided into the blank control group, the model group, the positive drug group, the high, moderate, and low dose CQL group according to number randomization principle. The model was established by gastrogavage of adenine, accompanied with yeast feeding. Distilled water was given by gastrogavage to rats in the blank control group and the model group. Allopurinol at the daily dose of 9.33 mg/kg was given by gastrogavage to rats of the positive control group. CQL at the daily dose of 3.77 g/kg, 1.89 g/kg, and 0.09 g/kg was respectively given by gastrogavage to rats in the high, moderate, and low dose CQL groups. All treatment lasted for 6 weeks. Rats were randomly divided at week 4 (3 in the blank control group, and 6 in the rest groups), and the rest rats were killed at week 6. The renal tissue was extracted. The expression level of Ang II and COX-2 mRNA transcription were detected by RT-PCR. The expression level of Ang II was detected by ELISA. The expression level of COX-2 protein was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemical assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, except the mRNA expression of Ang II at week 4, the mRNA and protein expression of Ang II and COX-2 obviously increased at week 4 and 6 in the model group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The COX-2 protein expression at week 4 was obviously lower in the high and moderate dose CQL groups than in the model group and the low dose CQL group (P < 0.05); the average integral of optical density value was obviously lower in the positive control group than in the model group. Except the mRNA expression of Ang II in the high dose CQL group at week 6, the mRNA and protein expression of Ang II obviously decreased in the positive control group and each dose CQL group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Of them, the effects were better in the high and moderate dose CQL groups than in the positive control group and the low dose CQL group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Besides, the mRNA expression of COX-2, the average integral of optical density value were obviously lower in the positive control group and each dose CQL group than in the model group (P < 0.05). The protein expression of COX-2 was obviously lower in the high and moderate dose CQL groups than in the model group (P < 0.05). Of them, the mRNA expression of COX-2 was better in the moderate dose CQL group than in the positive control group (P < 0.05); the protein expression of COX-2 was better in the high dose CQL group than in the low dose CQL group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CQL was capable of lowering the expression level of Ang II, COX-2 mRNA transcription and protein expression, thus suppressing the inflammatory pathological injury of the renal tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Metabolism , Animals , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Uric Acid
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598463

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Compoud Qingqin Liquids on renal function of rat model of uric acid nephropathy, and to discuss its protection of renal function. Methods The rat model was induced by gavaging adenine and feeding yeast. SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, positive group, and high-, medium-, low-dose groups of Chinese medicine. Blank control group and model group were daily gavaged with distilled water, positive control group was daily gavaged with allopurinol by 9.33 mg/kg, and high-, medium-, low-dose group of Chinese medicine was daily gavaged with Compound Qinggin Liguids by 3.77, 1.89, 0.09 g/(kg·d) respectively for 6 weeks. General condition of rats were observed, renal pathological changes were observed with light and electron microscope. Urine protein concentration, blood uric acid, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine and kidney weight index were respectively tested before and after treatment. Results There were no significant differences in eating, drinking and body weight between before and after modeling. Compoud Qingqin Liquids can obviously decrease the concentration of urine protein, blood uric acid, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and kidney weight index (P<0.05) of rats with uric acid nephropathy. Renal tubular epithelial cells atrophy and renal interstitial fibrosis of high-dose group of Chinese medicine were not evident. Conclusion Compoud Qingqin Liquids can protect the rats renal function against uric acid renal injury.

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