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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 46-51, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012423

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the biological behavior spectrum of platelet-derived growth factor alpha receptor (PDGFRA)-mutant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and to compare the clinical values of the Zhongshan method of benign and malignant evaluation with the modified National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk stratification. Methods: A total of 119 cases of GIST with PDGFRA mutation who underwent surgical resection at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from 2009 to 2020 were collected. The clinicopathological data, follow-up records, and subsequent treatment were reviewed and analyzed statistically. Results: There were 79 males and 40 females. The patients ranged in age from 25 to 80 years, with a median age of 60 years. Among them, 115 patients were followed up for 1-154 months, and 13 patients progressed to disease. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 90.1% and 94.1%, respectively. According to the modified NIH risk stratification, 8 cases, 32 cases, 38 cases, and 35 cases were very-low risk, low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk, and 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 95.6%, 94.3%, and 80.5%, respectively. There was no significant difference in prognosis among the non-high risk groups, only the difference between high risk and non-high risk groups was significant (P=0.029). However, the 5-year OS was 100.0%, 100.0%, 95.0% and 89.0%, and there was no difference (P=0.221). According to the benign and malignant evaluation Zhongshan method, 43 cases were non-malignant (37.4%), 56 cases were low-grade malignant (48.7%), 9 cases were moderately malignant (7.8%), and 7 cases were highly malignant (6.1%). The 5-year DFS were 100.0%, 91.7%, 77.8%, 38.1%, and the difference was significant (P<0.001). The 5-year OS were 100.0%, 97.5%, 77.8%, 66.7%, the difference was significant (P<0.001). Conclusions: GIST with PDGFRA gene mutation shows a broad range of biological behavior, ranging from benign to highly malignant. According to the Zhongshan method, non-malignant and low-grade malignant tumors are common, the prognosis after surgery is good, while the fewer medium-high malignant tumors showed poor prognosis after surgical resection. The overall biological behavior of this type of GIST is relatively inert, which is due to the low proportion of medium-high malignant GIST. The modified NIH risk stratification may not be effective in risk stratification for PDGFRA mutant GIST.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 4202-4216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011176

ABSTRACT

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive and irreversible fibroinflammatory disorder, accompanied by pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and dysregulated gut microbiota. Recently, accumulating evidence has supported a correlation between gut dysbiosis and CP development. However, whether gut microbiota dysbiosis contributes to CP pathogenesis remains unclear. Herein, an experimental CP was induced by repeated high-dose caerulein injections. The broad-spectrum antibiotics (ABX) and ABX targeting Gram-positive (G+) or Gram-negative bacteria (G-) were applied to explore the specific roles of these bacteria. Gut dysbiosis was observed in both mice and in CP patients, which was accompanied by a sharply reduced abundance for short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs)-producers, especially G+ bacteria. Broad-spectrum ABX exacerbated the severity of CP, as evidenced by aggravated pancreatic fibrosis and gut dysbiosis, especially the depletion of SCFAs-producing G+ bacteria. Additionally, depletion of SCFAs-producing G+ bacteria rather than G- bacteria intensified CP progression independent of TLR4, which was attenuated by supplementation with exogenous SCFAs. Finally, SCFAs modulated pancreatic fibrosis through inhibition of macrophage infiltration and M2 phenotype switching. The study supports a critical role for SCFAs-producing G+ bacteria in CP. Therefore, modulation of dietary-derived SCFAs or G+ SCFAs-producing bacteria may be considered a novel interventive approach for the management of CP.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 31-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970121

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of pathological diagnosis and genetic abnormalities detection of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) using endoscopic biopsy. Methods: Patients with GIST diagnosed by endoscopic biopsy (from January 1st, 2016 to August 1st, 2018, at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University) were included in this study. This retrospective study evaluated the histopathologic and immunohistochemical (IHC) features, genetic abnormalities of the tumors and the treatment and clinical course of the patients. Results: Totally 4 095 cases of GIST were collected, among which 67 patients (67/4 095, 1.6%) underwent endoscopic biopsy. Forty-eight patients (71.6%) were male and 19 (28.4%) were female, with a mean age of 61 years (range 31-90 years). Fifty-nine lesions were located in stomach and eight in duodenum. Of all the 67 cases, 47 were spindle type, 14 were epithelioid type, and 6 mixed type. IHC staining showed the positive rates were 100.0% (64/64) for DOG1, 98.4% (62/63) for CD117, 87.5% (56/64) for CD34, 3.6% (2/56) for S-100 protein, 12.1% (7/58) for α-SMA, 12.3% (7/57) for desmin and 4.0% (2/50) for CKpan. Morphologically, 34 cases were malignant; three cases (all epithelioid type) were originally misdiagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma; missed-diagnosis were found in four cases (spindle type) due to the insufficient diagnostic tumor cells. The genetic abnormality detection rate in the biopsy tissue was 38.8% (26/67),among them two patients were lost to follow up after biopsy, 33 patients received surgical resection, 16 cases underwent operation after neoadjuvant therapy and 16 patients with advanced disease underwent continuous imatinib therapy, with the genetic testing rate of 6.1% (2/33), 10/16 and 14/16, respectively. Conclusions: Endoscopic biopsy is a useful but rare method for the preoperative diagnosis of GIST. For majority of biopsy, accurate pathological diagnosis and auxiliary examination can be completed to guide clinical treatment. A thorough history in combination with endoscopic finding is essential to avoid misdiagnosis (epithelioid type) and missed diagnosis (spindle type) in suspicious cases. Genetic testing should be recommended in patients who will undergo targeted therapy after endoscopic biopsy, and it can provide valuable information and guidance for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Imatinib Mesylate , Biopsy , S100 Proteins
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3890-3903, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981522

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the intervention effect of Chuanxiong-Chishao herb pair(CX-CS) on a myocardial infarction-atherosclerosis(MI-AS) mouse model and investigate its effect on the expression profile of circular RNAs(circRNAs)/long non-coding RNAs(lncRNAs) in ischemic myocardium and aorta. Sixty male ApoE~(-/-) mice were randomly assigned to a model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose CX-CS groups(7.8, 3.9, and 1.95 g·kg~(-1)), and a positive drug group(metoprolol 26 mg·kg~(-1) and simvastatin 5.2 mg·kg~(-1)), with 12 mice in each group. Male C57BL/6J mice were assigned to the sham group. The mice in the model group and the groups with drug intervention were fed on a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, followed by anterior descending coronary artery ligation. After that, the mice were fed on a high-fat diet for another two weeks to induce the MI-AS model. The mice in the sham group received normal feed, followed by sham surgery without coronary artery ligation. Mice in the groups with drug intervention received CX-CS or positive drug by gavage for four weeks from the 9th week of high-fat feeding, and those in the model group and the sham group received an equal volume of normal saline. Whole transcriptome sequencing was performed on the heart and aorta tissues of the medium-dose CX-CS group, the model group, and the sham group after administration. The results showed that the medium-and high-dose CX-CS groups showed improved cardiac function and reduced myocardial fibrosis area, and the medium-dose CX-CS group showed significantly reduced plaque area. CX-CS treatment could reverse the expression of circRNA_07227 and circRNA_11464 in the aorta of AS model and circRNA expression(such as circRNA_11505) in the heart of the MI model. Differentially expressed circRNAs between the CX-CS-treated mice and the model mice were mainly enriched in lipid synthesis, lipid metabolism, lipid transport, inflammation, and angiogenesis in the aorta, and in angiogenesis, blood pressure regulation, and other processes in the heart. CX-CS treatment could reverse the expression of lncRNAs such as ENSMUST00000162209 in the aorta of the AS model and TCONS_00002123 in the heart of the MI model. Differentially expressed lncRNAs between the CX-CS-treated mice and model mice were mainly enriched in lipid metabolism, angiogenesis, autophagy, apoptosis, and iron death in the aorta, and in angiogenesis, autophagy, and iron death in the heart. In summary, CX-CS can regulate the expression of a variety of circRNAs and lncRNAs, and its intervention mechanism in coronary heart disease may be related to the regulation of angiogenesis and inflammation in ischemic myocardium, as well as lipid metabolism, lipid transport, inflammation, angiogenesis in AS aorta.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Lipids , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardial Infarction/genetics , RNA, Circular/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3546-3555, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981486

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of Xihuang Pills on rats with precancerous lesions of the breast. Of 48 healthy female rats, 8 were randomly selected as blank group, and the other 40 were treated with 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene(DMBA) combined with estrogen and progestin to establish a model of precancerous lesions of the breast. The successfully modeled rats were randomly divided into a model group, a tamoxifen group(1.8 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a Xihuang Pills low-dose group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), a medium-dose group(0.6 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and a high-dose group(1.2 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). After 30 days of admi-nistration, the histopathological changes of viscera and breast were observed by haematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining, and the visceral index was calculated. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the contents of estradiol(E_2) and progesterone(P) in serum. The protein expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and fibroblast growth factor 2(FGF2) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(VEGFR2), phosphorylated-vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2(p-VEGFR2), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), and Bcl-2 associated X protein(Bax) were detected by Western blot and the mRNA expressions of VEGF, FGF2, CXC-chemokine receptor 4(CXCR4), cysteine aspartic acid-specific protease(caspase-3), and stromal cell-derived factor 1(SDF-1) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR). HE staining revealed that the model group had some liver and kidney damages and severe hyperplastic mammary tissue, while the Xihuang Pills high-dose group had mild hyperplasia. Compared with the model group, the Xihuang Pills groups had lo-wer ovarian coefficient(P<0.05 or P<0.01) and Xihuang Pills high-dose group had lower uterine coefficient(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that compared with the model group, expressions of E_2 and P in Xihuang Pills high-dose group were significantly decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry, Western blot and RT-PCR indicated that compared with the conditions in the model group, the protein and mRNA expressions of VEGF and FGF2 in the Xihuang Pills groups were down-regulated(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the protein expression of Bcl-2 was lowered(P<0.01); there was a decrease in the protein expressions of VEGFR2 and p-VEGFR2(P<0.01), a down-regulation in the mRNA expressions of CXCR4 and SDF-1(P<0.01), while an increase in the mRNA expression of caspase-3(P<0.01) in both Xihuang Pills medium-dose and high-dose groups; the protein expression of Bax in Xihuang Pills high-dose group was increased(P<0.01). The above results indicated that Xihuang Pills can effectively intervene in precance-rous lesions of the breast, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of E_2 and P secretion as well as the inhibition of angiogenesis and chemokine receptor expression, thus controlling the occurrence of precancerous lesions of the breast in rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Female , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Caspase 3 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene/toxicity , Precancerous Conditions , Hyperplasia , Receptors, Chemokine , RNA, Messenger
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 384-389, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985684

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis of gastric intermediate-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), so as to provide a reference for clinical management and further research. Methods: A retrospective observational study of patients with gastric intermediate-risk GIST, who underwent surgical resection between January 1996 and December 2019 at Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, was carried out. Results: Totally, 360 patients with a median age of 59 years were included. There were 190 males and 170 females with median tumor diameter of 5.9 cm. Routine genetic testing was performed in 247 cases (68.6%, 247/360), and 198 cases (80.2%) showed KIT mutation, 26 cases (10.5%) showed PDGFRA mutation, and 23 cases were wild-type GIST. According to "Zhongshan Method"(including 12 parameters), there were 121 malignant and 239 non-malignant cases. Complete follow-up data were available in 241 patients; 55 patients (22.8%) received imatinib therapy, 10 patients (4.1%) experienced tumor progression, and one patient (PDGFRA mutation, 0.4%) died. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rate at 5 years was 96.0% and 99.6%, respectively. Among the intermediate-risk GIST, there was no difference in DFS between the overall population, KIT mutation, PDGFRA mutation, wild-type, non-malignant and malignant subgroups (all P>0.05). However, the non-malignancy/malignancy analysis showed that there were significant differences in DFS among the overall population (P<0.01), imatinib treatment group (P=0.044) and no imatinib treatment group (P<0.01). Adjuvant imatinib resulted in potential survival benefit for KIT mutated malignant and intermediate-risk GIST in DFS (P=0.241). Conclusions: Gastric intermediate-risk GIST shows a heterogeneous biologic behavior spectrum from benign to highly malignant. It can be further classified into benign and malignant, mainly nonmalignant and low-grade malignant. The overall disease progression rate after surgical resection is low, and real-world data show that there is no significant benefit from imatinib treatment after surgery. However, adjuvant imatinib potentially improves DFS of intermediate-risk patients with tumors harboring KIT mutation in the malignant group. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of gene mutations in benign/malignant GIST will facilitate improvements in therapeutic decision-making.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1342-1346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009065

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) involving the anterior root of lateral meniscus (LM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 28 patients with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM who were treated with arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture between October 2017 and January 2023. There were 12 males and 16 females with the mean age of 26 years (range, 13-57 years). There were 20 cases of sports injury and 8 cases of traffic accident injury. In 2 cases of old fracture, the time from injury to operation was 45 days and 90 days, respectively; in 26 cases of fresh fracture, the time from injury to operation was 3-20 days (mean, 6.7 days). According to the Meyers-McKeever classification, there were 4 cases of type Ⅱ, 11 cases of type Ⅲ, and 13 cases of type Ⅳ. The preoperative Lysholm knee function score was 42.1±9.0, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was 40.0±7.3, and the Tegner score was 0.7±0.7.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, and the incisions healed by first intention. All the 28 patients were followed up 5-60 months (mean, 20.4 months). During the follow-up, there was nocomplication such as infection, vascular or nerve injury, loosening or breakage of internal fixator, or stiffness of knee joint. Postoperative X-ray films showed satisfactory fracture reduction and firm fixation. All fractures healed clinically, and the healing time was 8-16 weeks (mean, 10.3 weeks). At last follow-up, Lachman test and anterior drawer test were negative. At last follow-up, Lysholm knee function score was 92.4±5.5, IKDC score was 91.6±4.4, and Tegner score was 5.2±1.1, which significantly improved when compared with preoperative scores ( t=-22.899, P<0.001; t=-29.870, P<0.001; t=-19.979, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM can not only fix the LM, but also effectively reduce and fix the avulsion fracture, which can obtain good effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Sutures , Suture Techniques
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3082-3089, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999046

ABSTRACT

An LC-MS method with natural isotope abundance correction and a 1H NMR relative quantitative method were established to determine the deuterium incorporation of donafenib tosilate, a new deuterated drug molecule. First, the peak areas of isotopic impurities (non-deuterated and incompletely deuterated impurities) and deuterated drug were recorded through the single ion monitoring (SIM) mode of the established LC-MS method and then corrected in terms of the natural isotope abundance offered by ChemDraw soft, removing the nature isotope interference from 13C, 37Cl, etc. The corrected areas were subsequently used to calculate mol% of isotopologues (D0, D1, D2, D3) and Atom% D, namely, deuterium incorporation. In addition, a 1H qNMR experiment was conducted with the aromatic proton at δ 8.63 and the residual proton of isotopic impurities at δ 2.79 as quantitative peaks. The mixture of DMSO-d6 and D2O (10∶1) was employed as the solvent to change the spin-coupling between the residual proton and active hydrogen so that the residual proton could be measured as the single peak, and the sensitivity was greatly improved. The acquisition parameters were also optimized, and Atom% 1H and the deuterium incorporation were then calculated. The two methods were applied to samples of three commercial batches, and the testing results were almost consistent. Both methods proved accurate, sensitive, fast and independent of standard substances and accurate weighing, which could be applied to the determination of the deuterium incorporation of donafenib tosilate and provide a reference for other deuterated drugs.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 770-779, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994893

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changing trend of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) incidence among residents with different characteristics during 9 years of comprehensive hypertension prevention and control (hypertension prevention and control) in Tengzhou from 2013 to 2021.Methods:From January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2021, the new ICH cases collected by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Tengzhou City were analyzed to calculate the incidence of ICH, and the trend of its distribution was analyzed among residents with different ages, sexes, and between urban and rural areas. The registered population information came from Tengzhou Public Security Bureau. Age and sex standardized incidence was calculated based on the 7th National Population Census in 2020. The Cochran-Armitage test was used to analyze the time and age trends of the incidence.Results:The overall ICH crude and standardized incidence in Tengzhou City decreased from 97.30/100 000 to 52.13/100 000 ( Z=-9.93, P<0.001) and 119.30/100 000 to 50.69/100 000 ( Z=-15.40, P<0.001) from 2013 to 2021, and both elevated to form a single peak in 2020, with 22.58% ( χ 2=24.02, P<0.001) and 18.09% ( χ 2=17.08, P<0.001) higher than in 2019, respectively. The trends in male and female incidence over the same period were similar to the overall trends, and the incidence was higher in males than in females in all years. The incidence of ICH increased with age in all years. The difference of increase in male incidence rate in 2020 was statistically significant in three age groups ≥45 years compared with 2019 (36.29%, 23.57% and 16.18%, respectively, χ 2=6.73, 4.65, 4.00, P<0.001). The incidence of ICH decreased by 70.07% and 36.23% ( Z=18.44, 5.22, P<0.001) in urban and rural areas respectively from 2013 to 2021, whereas increased by 34.15% ( χ 2=10.88, P<0.01) and 22.08% ( χ 2=18.63, P<0.001) in 2020 compared with 2019 separately. Conclusions:The incidence of ICH in Tengzhou from 2013 to 2021 showed a significant downward trend, with the decrease in the incidence of ICH in women exceeding that in men. The decrease in the incidence of ICH in urban areas exceeded that in rural areas, and male morbidity seemingly had a younger trend.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994574

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the short-term efficacy, safety and complications of convertible vena cava filter.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 103 patients who were placed with the convertible vena cava filter from May 2017 to May 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The convertible vena cava filters were successfully implanted in all cases. Twenty-seven cases underwent filter conversion, and 26 cases were successfully converted (5-145 days after implantation). None of them had complications such as thrombus formation, displacement, tilt, fracture or vein wall penetration. The reasons for no conversion included age (18.4%, 19/103), high-risk patients (12.6%, 13/103), limited organ function (9.7%, 10/103), etc. Ninety-four patients (91.3%) were followed up for 6 months. One developed thrombus in the filter, 3 developed lower limb venous thrombosis without inferior vena cava occlusion, and no patients were found with symptomatic pulmonary embolism.Conclusions:The convertible vena cava filter can safely and effectively reduce the incidence of perioperative pulmonary embolism.Age, limited organ function and high-risk of thrombosis are the main reasons for the low conversion rate.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1651, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970636

ABSTRACT

The UPLC-MS/MS was established for the determination of acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid(AKBA) and β-boswellic acid(β-BA), the main active components of Olibanum and Myrrha extracts in Xihuang Formula, in rat plasma and urine. The effects of compatibility on the pharmacokinetic behaviors of AKBA and β-BA in rats were investigated, and the differences in pharmacokinetic behaviors between healthy rats and rats with precancerous lesions of breast cancer were compared. The results showed that compared with RM-NH and RM-SH groups, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), T_(max) decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and C_(max) increased(P<0.01) after compatibility. The trends of AKBA and β-BA were the same. Compared with RM-SH group, the T_(max) decreased(P<0.05), C_(max) increased(P<0.01), and the absorption rate increased in the normal group of Xihuang Formula. The results of urinary excretion showed that there was a decreasing trend in the urinary excretion rate and total urinary excretion of β-BA and AKBA after compatibility, but there was no statistical difference. Compared with normal group of Xihuang Formula, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05), T_(max) increased(P<0.05), and the clearance rate decreased in the breast precancerous lesion group. AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of AKBA showed an increasing trend, the in vivo retention time was prolonged, and the clearance rate was reduced, but there was no significant difference compared with the normal group. The cumulative urinary excretion and urinary excretion rate of β-BA and AKBA decreased under pathological conditions, indicating that pathological conditions could affect the in vivo process of β-BA and AKBA, and reduce their excretion in the form of prototype drugs, showing different pharmacokine-tic characteristics from normal physiological conditions. In this study, UPLC-MS/MS analysis method was established, which was sui-table for in vivo pharmacokinetic analysis of β-BA and AKBA. This study laid a foundation for the development of new dosage forms of Xihuang Formula.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Precancerous Conditions , Triterpenes/pharmacology
12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 308-315, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the factors related to renal impairment in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) from the perspective of integrated Chinese and Western medicine.@*METHODS@#Totally 492 patients with DKD in 8 Chinese hospitals from October 2017 to July 2019 were included. According to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) staging guidelines, patients were divided into a chronic kidney disease (CKD) 1-3 group and a CKD 4-5 group. Clinical data were collected, and logistic regression was used to analyze the factors related to different CKD stages in DKD patients.@*RESULTS@#Demographically, male was a factor related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD (OR=3.100, P=0.002). In clinical characteristics, course of diabetes >60 months (OR=3.562, P=0.010), anemia (OR=4.176, P<0.001), hyperuricemia (OR=3.352, P<0.001), massive albuminuria (OR=4.058, P=0.002), atherosclerosis (OR=2.153, P=0.007) and blood deficiency syndrome (OR=1.945, P=0.020) were factors related to increased CKD staging in patients with DKD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male, course of diabetes >60 months, anemia, hyperuricemia, massive proteinuria, atherosclerosis, and blood deficiency syndrome might indicate more severe degree of renal function damage in patients with DKD. (Registration No. NCT03865914).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Hyperuricemia , Kidney , Proteinuria , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications
13.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 129-138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937790

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasms (MDS/MPN) are bone marrow disorders characterized by cytopenias and progression to acute myeloid leukemia. Hypomethylating agents (HMAs) are Food and Drug Administration-approved therapies for MDS and MDS/MPN patients. HMAs have improved patients’ survival and quality of life when compared with other therapies. Although HMAs are effective in MDS and MDS/MPN patients, they are associated with significant toxicities that place a large burden on patients. Our goal is to develop a safer and more effective HMA from natural products. We previously reported that black raspberries (BRBs) have hypomethylating effects in the colon, blood, spleen, and bone marrow of mice. In addition, BRBs exert hypomethylating effects in patients with colorectal cancer and familial adenomatous polyposis. In the current study, we conducted a pilot clinical trial to evaluate the hypomethylating effects of BRBs in patients with low-risk MDS or MDS/MPN. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated before and after three months of BRB intervention. CD45 + cells were isolated from PBMCs for methylation analysis using a reduced-representation bisulfite sequencing assay. Each patient served as their own matched control, with their measurements assessed before intervention providing a baseline for post-intervention results. Clinically, our data showed that BRBs were well-tolerated with no side effects. When methylation data was combined, BRBs significantly affected methylation levels of 477 promoter regions. Pathway analysis suggests that BRB-induced intragenic hypomethylation drives leukocyte differentiation. A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of BRB use in low-risk MDS or MDS/ MPN patients is warranted.

14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 181-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) on toluene diisocyanate (TDI)-induced allergic airway inflammation in mice.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two mice were randomly divided into AOO group, AOO+5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group, TDI group, and TDI+5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group. Another 32 mice were randomly divided into AOO group, TDI group, TDI +5Z-7-Oxozeaenol group, and TDI +5Z-7-Oxozeaenol + Necrostatin-1 group. TAK1 inhibitor (5Z-7-Oxozeaenol, 5 mg/kg) and/or RIPK1 inhibitor (Necrostatin-1, 5 mg/kg) were used before each challenge. Airway responsiveness, airway inflammation and airway remodeling were assessed after the treatments. We also examined the effect of TDI-human serum albumin (TDI-HSA) conjugate combined with TAK1 inhibitor on the viability of mouse mononuclear macrophages (RAW264.7) using CCK8 assay. The expressions of TAK1, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and receptor interacting serine/threonine protease 1 (RIPK1) signal pathway in the treated cells were detected with Western blotting. The effects of RIPK1 inhibitor on the viability of RAW264.7 cells and airway inflammation of the mouse models of TDI-induced asthma were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#TAK1 inhibitor aggravated TDI-induced airway inflammation, airway hyper responsiveness and airway remodeling in the mouse models (P < 0.05). Treatment with TAK1 inhibitor significantly decreased the viability of RAW264.7 cells, which was further decreased by co-treatment with TDI-HSA (P < 0.05). TAK1 inhibitor significantly decreased the level of TAK1 phosphorylation and activation of MAPK signal pathway induced by TDI-HSA (P < 0.05). Co-treatment with TAK1 inhibitor and TDI-HSA obviously increased the level of RIPK1 phosphorylation and caused persistent activation of caspase 8 (P < 0.05). RIPK1 inhibitor significantly inhibited the reduction of cell viability caused by TAK1 inhibitor and TDI-HSA (P < 0.05) and alleviated the aggravation of airway inflammation induced by TAK1 inhibitors in TDI-induced mouse models (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of TAK1 aggravates TDI-induced airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness and may increase the death of macrophages by enhancing the activity of RIPK1 and causing persistent activation of caspase 8.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Asthma/chemically induced , Inflammation , Macrophages , Receptor-Interacting Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Respiratory System , Toluene 2,4-Diisocyanate/adverse effects
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 33-40, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 50-57, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925178

ABSTRACT

Administration of black raspberries (BRBs) and their anthocyanin metabolites, including protocatechuic acid (PCA), has been demonstrated to exert chemopreventive effects against colorectal cancer through alteration of innate immune cell trafficking, modulation of metabolic and inflammatory pathways, etc. Previous research has shown that the gut microbiome is important in the effectiveness of chemoprevention of colorectal cancer. This study aimed to assess the potency of PCA versus BRB dietary administration for colorectal cancer prevention using an Apc Min/+ mouse model and determine how bacterial profiles change in response to PCA and BRBs. A control AIN-76A diet supplemented with 5% BRBs, 500 ppm PCA, or 1,000 ppm PCA was administered to Apc Min/+ mice. Changes in incidence, polyp number, and polyp size regarding adenomas of the small intestine and colon were assessed after completion of the diet regimen. There were significant decreases in adenoma development by dietary administration of PCA and BRBs in the small intestine and the 5% BRB-supplemented diet in the colon. Pro-inflammatory bacterial profiles were replaced with anti-inflammatory bacteria in all treatments, with the greatest effects in the 5% BRB and 500 ppm PCA-supplemented diets ac-companied by decreased COX-2 and prostaglandin E 2 levels in colonic mucosa. We further showed that 500 ppm PCA, but not 1,000 ppm PCA, increased IFN-γ and SMAD4 levels in primary cultured human natural killer cells. These results suggest that both BRBs and a lower dose PCA can benefit colorectal cancer patients by inhibiting the growth and proliferation of adenomas and promoting a more favorable gut microbiome condition.

17.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 990-998, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015773

ABSTRACT

O⁃GlcNAcylation is an O⁃linked⁃β⁃N⁃acetylglucosamine modification attached to the hydroxyl group of serine or threonine residue within the nuclear or cytoplasmic proteins. O⁃GlcNAcylation profoundly influences important biological events, including kinase activity, transcription and translation, and protein degradation. However, there are few summarized reviews on how O⁃GlcNAcylation modulates signaling pathways associated with inflammatory responses. Due to the attachment and removal of the sugar group catalyzed by O⁃GlcNAc transferase and O⁃GlcNAcase, O⁃GlcNAcylation cycles rapidly with a short half⁃life time (within minutes). Therefore, O⁃GlcNAcylation plays a crucial role in various signaling pathways via intricate cross⁃talking with other post⁃translational modifications of protein, such as phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitylation, and methylation. Currently, most researchers focused on the Toll⁃like receptor (TLR)⁃initiated NF⁃κB signaling when it comes to the relationship between O⁃GlcNAcylation and inflammation. Evidence has shown that O⁃GlcNAcylation at T352 or at T305 on p65 promotes its nuclear translocation activity, while O⁃GlcNAcylation at S536 blocks the activation of p65 by competing with phosphorylation. Meanwhile, O⁃GlcNAcylation modulates upstream and downstream regulators of NF⁃κB and then governs the polarization of M1/ M2 macrophage and the progress of inflammation reactions. Furthermore, O⁃GlcNAcylation indirectly participates in the kinase activation of MAPKs by interfering with the proteins at the upper reaches (i. e. MEK2 and Ras proteins). Besides, O⁃GlcNAcylation has a profound influence on multiple kinases of PI3K/ AKT signaling. Nevertheless, O⁃GlcNAcylation manipulates inflammation⁃associated transcriptional factors on the JAK/ STAT pathway. Comparatively, the involved signaling transduction for the inflammatory response in vivo is far more complicated and multidimensional than that in vitro. And O⁃GlcNAcylation is widely involved with the onset and development of inflammatory diseases located at the pancreas, liver, lung, gut, and adipose tissues. Novel research has firstly found that gut bacteria expressing O⁃GlcNAcase⁃like hydrolases exert potent prevention on mouse colitis induced by different chemical drugs, which indicates the mediating role of O⁃GlcNAcylation in mutual interactions between gut microbiota and host inflammation. In summary, recent findings provided a novel strategy for preventing and treating inflammatory diseases by targeting O⁃GlcNAcylation.

18.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 727-736, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015267

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory effects of activated endoplasmic reticulum stress(ERS) and unfolded protein response(UPR) on the immune behavior of the stressed muscle fibers in inflammatory environments induced by interferon-γ(IFN-γ). Methods The myogenic precursor cells(MPCs) of C57 BL/6 mice cultured in vitro were differentiated into multinucleated myogenic tubes by horse serum and then to set up: 1. Control group; 2. IFN-γ group; 3. Tunicamycin group; 4. Thapsigargin group; 5. IFN-γ and 4-phenylbutyrate(4-PBA) combined treatment group; 6. IFN-γ, TG and 4-PBA combined treatment group; 7. IFN-γ and 4μ8 c combined treatment group; 8. IFN-γ, TG and 4μ8 c combined treatment group; 9. IFN-γ and GSK2606414 combined treatment group; 10. IFN-γ, TG and GSK2606414 combined treatment group. The level of myokines gene was detected by Real-time PCR. The expression of UPR key molecules including eukaryotic intiatio factor 2α(eIF2α), inositol requrring enzyme 1α(IRE1α) and activating transcription factor 6(ATF6) in muscle fibers was observed by immunofluorescence. Western blotting was used to detect immune molecules related to muscle cells, myokines and key molecules of UPR. Luminex analyzed the levels of pro-inflammatory myokines in muscle fibers. Results The expression of H-2 Kb, H2-Ea, Toll like receptor 3(TLR3), p-eIF2α and p-IRE1α were up-regulated in IFN-γ induced inflammatory environment. The expression of H-2 Kb, H2-Ea, TLR3 and myokines in the group with UPR inhibitor 4-PBA was down-regulated compared with IFN-γ group, and the expression of these molecules in the group with IRE1α specific inhibitor 4μ8 c was down-regulated compared with the IFN-γ group. The addition of protein kinase R-like endoplasmic eticulum(PERK) specific inhibitor GSK2606414 showed no significant change. Conclusion In IFN-γ induced inflammatory environment, the UPR-IRE1α pathway activates and inhibits the synthesis of muscle fiber immune-related molecules, which further inhibits the muscle fiber mediated immune response and facilitates muscle regeneration.

19.
Translational and Clinical Pharmacology ; : 37-48, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968823

ABSTRACT

A liquid chromatography equipped with tandem mass spectrometric method using multistage flow rates was developed for the determination of donepezil in human plasma to support a randomized, crossover bioequivalence (BE) study in which healthy volunteers each received a single oral dose of the reference and test formulations of 10 mg donepezil hydrochloride. This integrated liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) system with electrospray ionization and a deuterium-labeled internal standard (IS) were employed for the positive multiple-reaction-monitoring (MRM) analyses. The baseline separation using a high-resolution monolithic column under gradient and flexible flowrate conditions between donepezil and multiple interfering peaks from the extracted quality control, calibration standard and study plasma samples following simple protein precipitation extraction procedures was accomplished within 1.5 minutes. The ultrafast monolithic column performance in terms of chromatographic separation efficiency, peak asymmetry and resolution and retention time reproducibility was found to be sustainable.The linear dynamic range was detected over a concentration range of 0.2–50 ng/mL. The intra- and inter-day assay accuracy and precision were within 15% for the analyte in individual biological fluids. A positive correlation coefficient (r) greater than 0.995 for donepezil concentrations in study plasma samplers measured by the proposed and the other validated LC-MS/MS methods in support of a bioequivalence study was observed.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 520-522, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of liposuction combined with low-energy bipolar radiofrequency Bodytite in the treatment of facial and neck fat accumulation with unclear mandibular margin.Methods:From November 2020 to August 2021, 60 female patients with facial and neck fat accumulation and unclear mandibular margin, aged 19-45 (26.5±8.6) years, were included in the cosmetic surgery of Baiyu Medical Cosmetic Hospital of Chengdu High Tech Milan. The patients had the body mass index (21.3±3.2) kg/m 2. Liposuction was performed in the operation area of the opposite neck, and then radiofrequency skin tightening treatment was performed through the liposuction incision. The patients were followed up for 6 months to evaluate the postoperative effect. Results:The maximum liposuction volume of face and neck was 130 ml, the minimum liposuction volume was 26 ml, and the liposuction volume of face and neck was (43±9.8) ml. There was no scald reaction immediately after operation. The skin was flat, without unevenness, infection and other serious complications after 3 months of operation. Six months after operation, 57 patients were satisfied with the mandibular margin (95%) and 56 third-party plastic surgeons were satisfied (93%).Conclusions:Liposuction combined with low-energy bipolar RF Bodytite can solve the problem of skin relaxation while shaping the face and neck. It has obvious advantages in the plasticity of mandibular margin, and it is worthy of clinical application.

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