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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 89(3): 469-476, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447713

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To explore whether Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate (cAMP)-Epac1 signaling is activated in 1-Desamino-8-D-arginine-Vasopressin-induced Endolymphatic Hydrops (DDAVP-induced EH) and to provide new insight for further in-depth study of DDAVP-induced EH. Methods Eighteen healthy, red-eyed guinea pigs (36 ears) weighing 200-350 g were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, which received intraperitoneal injection of sterile saline (same volume as that in the other two groups) for 7 consecutive days; the DDAVP-7d group, which received intraperitoneal injection of 10 mg/mL/kg DDAVP for 7 consecutive days; and the DDAVP-14d group, which received intraperitoneal injection of 10 μg/mL/kg DDAVP for 14 consecutive days. After successful modeling, all animals were sacrificed, and cochlea tissues were collected to detect the mRNA and protein expression of the exchange protein directly activated by cAMP-1 and 2 (Epac1, Epac2), and Repressor Activator Protein-1 (Rap1) by Reverse Transcription (RT)-PCR and western blotting, respectively. Results Compared to the control group, the relative mRNA expression of Epac1, Epac2, Rap1A, and Rap1B in the cochlea tissue of the DDAVP-7d group was significantly higher (p< 0.05), while no significant difference in Rap1 GTPase activating protein (Rap1gap) mRNA expression was found between the two groups. The relative mRNA expression of Epac1, Rap1A, Rap1B, and Rap1gap in the cochlea tissue of the DDAVP-14d group was significantly higher than that of the control group (p< 0.05), while no significant difference in Epac2 mRNA expression was found between the DDAVP-14d and control groups. Comparison between the DDAVP-14d and DDAVP-7d groups showed that the DDAVP-14d group had significantly lower Epac2 and Rap1A (p< 0.05) and higher Rap1gap (p < 0.05) mRNA expression in the cochlea tissue than that of the DDAVP-7d group, while no significant differences in Epac1 and Rap1B mRNA expression were found between the two groups. Western blotting showed that Epac1 protein expression in the cochlea tissue was the highest in the DDAVP-14d group, followed by that in the DDAVP-7d group, and was the lowest in the control group, showing significant differences between groups (p< 0.05); Rap1 protein expression in the cochlea tissue was the highest in the DDAVP-7d group, followed by the DDAVP-14d group, and was the lowest in the control group, showing significant differences between groups (p< 0.05); no significant differences in Epac2 protein expression in the cochlea tissue were found among the three groups. Conclusion DDAVP upregulated Epac1 protein expression in the guinea pig cochlea, leading to activation of the inner ear cAMP-Epac1 signaling pathway. This may be an important mechanism by which DDAVP regulates endolymphatic metabolism to induce EH and affect inner ear function. Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine 2011 Levels of Evidence Level 5.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 497-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the association between clinical phenotypes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients and a rare calcium channel and regulatory gene variation (Ca2+ gene variation) and to compare clinical phenotypes of HCM patients with Ca2+ gene variation, a single sarcomere gene variation and without gene variation and to explore the influence of rare Ca2+ gene variation on the clinical phenotypes of HCM. Methods: Eight hundred forty-two non-related adult HCM patients diagnosed for the first time in Xijing Hospital from 2013 to 2019 were enrolled in this study. All patients underwent exon analyses of 96 hereditary cardiac disease-related genes. Patients with diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, post alcohol septal ablation or septal myectomy, and patients who carried sarcomere gene variation of uncertain significance or carried>1 sarcomere gene variation or carried>1 Ca2+ gene variation, with HCM pseudophenotype or carrier of ion channel gene variations other than Ca2+ based on the genetic test results were excluded. Patients were divided into gene negative group (no sarcomere or Ca2+ gene variants), sarcomere gene variation group (only 1 sarcomere gene variant) and Ca2+ gene variant group (only 1 Ca2+ gene variant). Baseline data, echocardiography and electrocardiogram data were collected for analysis. Results: A total of 346 patients were enrolled, including 170 patients without gene variation (gene negative group), 154 patients with a single sarcomere gene variation (sarcomere gene variation group) and 22 patients with a single rare Ca2+ gene variation (Ca2+ gene variation group). Compared with gene negative group, patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had higher blood pressure and higher percentage of family history of HCM and sudden cardiac death (P<0.05); echocardiographic results showed that patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had thicker ventricular septum ((23.5±5.8) mm vs. (22.3±5.7) mm, P<0.05); electrocardiographic results showed that patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had prolonged QT interval ((416.6±23.1) ms vs. (400.6±47.2) ms, P<0.05) and higher RV5+SV1 ((4.51±2.26) mv vs. (3.50±1.65) mv, P<0.05). Compared with sarcomere gene variation group, patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had later onset age and higher blood pressure (P<0.05); echocardiographic results showed that there was no significant difference in ventricular septal thickness between two groups; patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had lower percentage of left ventricular outflow tract pressure gradient>30 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa, 22.8% vs. 48.1%, P<0.05) and the lower early diastolic peak velocity of the mitral valve inflow/early diastolic peak velocity of the mitral valve annulus (E/e') ratio ((13.0±2.5) vs. (15.9±4.2), P<0.05); patients in Ca2+ gene variation group had prolonged QT interval ((416.6±23.1) ms vs. (399.0±43.0) ms, P<0.05) and lower percentage of ST segment depression (9.1% vs. 40.3%, P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared with gene negative group, the clinical phenotype of HCM is more severe in patients with rare Ca2+ gene variation; compared with patients with sarcomere gene variation, the clinical phenotype of HCM is milder in patients with rare Ca2+ gene variation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Phenotype , Sarcomeres/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 456-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985783

ABSTRACT

With the development of modern surgery, the field of hernia and abdominal wall surgery is undergoing a transformative change, and new techniques, new concepts, and recent progress are being updated, which have motivated the high-quality development of the discipline. In the past two decades, the development of hernia and abdominal wall surgery in China has been recognized by international peers. Many young surgeons have gradually become the main force in the treatment of hernia and leaders in surgical technique. The innovation and development of discipline will never terminate; young surgeons as the main force should seriously think about how to improve their professional qualities. Young surgeons are interested in the innovation of surgical techniques and need to push for a traditional operation on the one hand and an innovative operation on the other. Updates to concepts and acquisition of new materials are more important, which can provide a solid foundation for technological innovation. Young surgeons should start with the basics and classics. Understanding the history and development of new techniques, new concepts and recent progress, and grasping indications of clinical application, is the important part of growing up for young surgeons, which can make surgical treatment more standardized, benefit patients, and promote the progress of Chinese specialized medical education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Hernia , Surgeons , Herniorrhaphy/methods , China , Surgical Mesh
4.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 403-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973236

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the induction effect of Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) on endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins Glucose-regulating protein 78(GRP78) and X-box binding protein 1(XBP1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to explore its potential mechanism and clinical significance. MethodsESCC cells KYSE150 and KYSE140 were infected with Fn for 12 h, 24 h and 48 h. The oxidative stress indexes (ROS, MDA and SOD) and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 in each group were detected by oxidative stress index kit and Western blot. The experiment was divided into Fn groups, Fn+siNC1 groups, Fn+siGRP78 groups, Fn+siNC2 groups and Fn+siXBP1 groups; the oxidative stress indexes, paclitaxel (PTX) response efficacy, abilities of proliferation, invasion and metastasis in each group were compared. The infection of Fn and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 in 234 ESCC and paracancerous tissues were detected by RNA scope and immunohistochemistry. The correlation between each factor and clinicopathological characteristics of patients was analyzed by Chi-square test. The influence of each factor on the survival of patients was compared by Kaplan-meier survival estimate. ResultsCompared with Fn uninfected KYSE150 and KYSE140 cells, the content of ROS and MDA was gradually increased, the activity of SOD was gradually decreased, and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 was gradually increased in Fn infected groups (12 h, 24 h and 48 h) (P < 0.05). Compared with Fn groups, Fn+siNC1 groups, and Fn+siNC2 groups, ROS and MDA contents were decreased, SOD activity was increased, PTX response efficacy was enhanced, and abilities of proliferation, invasion and metastasis were decreased in Fn+siGRP78 and Fn+siXBP1 groups (P < 0.05). The rates of Fn, GRP78 and XBP1 in ESCC tissues were 43.16%, 69.66% and 60.68%, respectively. And the three indexes were significantly consistent (P < 0.05). The patients with positive Fn infection and high expression of GRP78 and XBP1 were mostly males with a history of smoking and drinking, and the tumor differentiation degree was low, the invasion degree was deep, the lymph node metastasis rate was high, and the clinical stage was mostly stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ. The 5-year survival time of patients with above positive indexes was shortened (P < 0.05). ConclusionsFn could induce endoplasmic reticulum stress by inducing the high expression of GRP78 and XBP1, and promote the malignant evolution of ESCC.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3360-3372, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981472

ABSTRACT

UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS and network pharmacology were employed to preliminarily study the active components and mechanism of Jinwugutong Capsules in the treatment of osteoporosis. Firstly, UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS was employed to characterize the chemical components of Jinwugutong Capsules, and network pharmacology was employed to establish the "drug-component-target-pathway-disease" network. The key targets and main active components were thus obtained. Secondly, AutoDock was used for the molecular docking between the main active components and key targets. Finally, the animal model of osteoporosis was established, and the effect of Jinwugutong Capsules on the expression of key targets including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase(AKT1), albumin(ALB), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). A total of 59 chemical components were identified from Jinwugutong Capsules, among which coryfolin, 8-prenylnaringenin, demethoxycurcumin, isobavachin, and genistein may be the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules in treating osteoporosis. The topological analysis of the protein-protein interaction(PPI) network revealed 10 core targets such as AKT1, ALB, catenin beta 1(CTNNB1), TNF, and epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR). The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment showed that Jinwugutong Capsules mainly exerted the therapeutic effect by regulating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(AKT) signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and so on. Molecular docking showed that the main active components of Jinwugutong Capsules well bound to the key targets. ELISA results showed that Jinwugutong Capsules down-regulated the protein levels of AKT1 and TNF-α and up-regulated the protein level of ALB, which preliminarily verified the reliability of network pharmacology. This study indicates that Jinwugutong Capsules may play a role in the treatment of osteoporosis through multiple components, targets, and pathways, which can provide reference for the further research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Network Pharmacology , Capsules , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 196-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary urethral carcinoma.Methods:The clinical and follow-up data of 12 patients with primary urethral carcinoma admitted to Beijing Hospital from July 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were four males and eight females, with an average age of 66.3(53~75)years.Nine patients underwent magnetic resonance examination before operation, and eight patients presented with abnormal urethral signals.The clinical stage of female patients was generally later than those of male patients, and all patients received surgical treatment.Four male patients did not receive post-operative adjuvant treatment, and all of them attained disease-free survival.Among the eight female patients, four patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy or chemotherapy, five patients had recurrence or metastasis during follow-up, and two patients died.Conclusions:The clinical stage of female urethral cancer is later than that of male.MRI examination is beneficial to the determination of local invasion of urethral cancer.For female proximal urethral cancer and male posterior urethral cancer, radical resection has a good therapeutic effect.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 131-137, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993163

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy vs. concurrent chemoradiotherapy on the target volume and organs at risk for locally advanced bulky (>4 cm) cervical cancer. Methods:From March 1, 2019 to June 30, 2021, 146 patients pathologically diagnosed with cervical cancer were selected and randomly divided into two groups using random number table method: the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) + concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) group ( n=73) and CCRT group ( n=73). Patients in the NACT+CCRT group received 2 cycles of paclitaxel combined with cisplatin NACT, followed by CCRT, the chemotherapy regimen was the same as NACT. In the CCRT group, CCRT was given. Statistical description of categorical data was expressed by rate. The measurement data between two groups were compared by Wilcoxon rank-sum test for comparison of two independent samples, and the rate or composition ratio of two groups was compared by χ2 test. Results:Before radiotherapy, GTV in the NACT+CCRT group was (31.95±25.96) cm 3, significantly lower than (71.54±33.59) cm 3 in the CCRT group ( P<0.01). Besides, CTV and PTV in the NACT+CCRT group were also significantly lower compared with those in the CCRT group (both P<0.05). In terms of target volume dosimetry, D 100GTV, D 95CTV, V 100GTV, V 100CTV and V 95PTV in the NACT+CCRT group were significantly higher than those in the CCRT group (all P<0.05). The complete remision (CR) rates in the NACT+CCRT and CCRT groups were 86.3% and 67.6%, with statistical significance between two groups ( P<0.01) . Regarding organs at risk, NACT+CCRT group significantly reduced the dose to the bladder, rectum, small intestine and urethra compared with CCRT group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:NACT can reduce the volume of tumors in patients with large cervical masses, increase the radiation dose to tumors, reduce the dose to organs at risk, and make the three-dimensional brachytherapy easier. Therefore, NACT combined with CCRT may be a new choice for patients with locally advanced cervical cancer with large masses.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 777-783, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993006

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the morphological parameters of the fetal vertebral centrum ossification centers (COC) in the second-third trimester using MRI susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), and to explore the growth and development trajectory of the vertebrae.Methods:Fetus in the second-third trimester with normal vertebrae development were prospectively and continuously included in Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from December 2015 to December 2021, and the SWI scanning of fetal spine was performed. The following morphometric parameters of the C4, T6, L3, S1 vertebrae COC were measured, including sagittal diameter, transverse diameter, height, cross-sectional area and volume. The linear and nonlinear regression analysis was used to derive the best-fit curve for each parameters and gestational age.Results:A total of 112 fetuses were recruited with gestatonal age 21-39 (29.4±3.9) weeks, including 30 cases of C4, 58 cases of T6, 92 cases of L3, 62 cases of S1. Fetal spine in utero with global curvature was kyphosis, presenting two primary curves (thoracic and sacral kyphosis). The morphological parameters sagittal diameter, transverse diameter, height, cross-sectional area and volume of C4 followed the quadratic polynomial rule during 25 to 38 weeks (R 2=0.938, 0.943, 0.952, 0.957, 0.982). During 21 to 38 weeks, the sagittal diameter, transverse diameter and height of the T6 followed the exponential growth pattern (R 2=0.915, 0.923, 0.849) and the growth of the area and volume followed the quadratic polynomial growth pattern (R 2=0.943, 0.961). The L3 followed the quadratic polynomial rule during 21 to 39 weeks (R 2=0.910, 0.916, 0.914, 0.942, 0.948) The sagittal diameter, transverse diameter and height of the S1 followed the linear growth pattern (R 2=0.905, 0.911, 0.922) and the area and volume followed the quadratic polynomial growth pattern (R 2=0.930, 0.964) during 23 to 39 weeks. Conclusions:The growth and development of C4, T6, L3 and S1 COC of fetus in the second-third trimester has a good correlation with gestational age. The growth of fetal vertebral COC in the early stage is slow, but with the growth of gestational age, the growth rate of vertebral bodies accelerates.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1621-1626, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987879

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of intravitreal injection FasL inhibitors on corneal apoptosis, Fas, FasL expression, Treg numbers in blood and lymph nodes and rejection index in rats after corneal transplantation.METHODS:A total of 24 SD rats(24 eyes)who received penetrating keratoplasty were randomly divided into two groups: PBS group received intravitreal injection of PBS(12 rats, 12 eyes)and FasL inhibitor group(12 rats, 12 eyes). Rejection index was recorded every week and blood samples and lymph node were collected at 1, 3 and 5wk after surgery to analyze the proportions of Treg. Corneal tissue was collected for detecting the expression of Fas and FasL and number of apoptosis.RESULTS: The expression of Fas, FasL in FasL inhibitor group decreased significantly compared with the PBS group(all P&#x003C;0.05); Corneal cell apoptosis significantly decreased in FasL inhibitor group, and it was the lowest at 5wk after surgery; Treg numbers in blood and lymph nodes significantly increased in FasL inhibitor group at 3wk after surgery(all P&#x003C;0.05); rejection index of corneal transplantation in the FasL inhibitor group was significantly lower than that of PBS group(all P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION:Intravitreal injection of FasL inhibitors after corneal transplantation could reduce the apoptosis in all layers of cornea, increase the number of Tregs in blood and lymph nodes, and alleviate rejection.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2063-2068, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the improvement effects of Shaoyao gancao decoction (SGD) on acute lung injury (ALI) in rats and its effects on the intestinal flora. METHODS Sixty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (CON group, normal saline), model group (MOD group, normal saline), positive control group (DEX group, 5 mg/kg dexamethasone), SGD low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (SGD-L, SGD-M, SGD-H groups, 5.8, 11.6, 23.2 g/kg, calculated by crude drug), with 10 rats in each group. Each group was given relevant medicine 10 mL/kg intragastrically, for 7 consecutive days. Thirty minutes after the last administration, CON group was given constant volume of normal saline via airway infusion, and other groups were given lipopolysaccharide (5 mg/kg) via airway infusion to induce ALI model. After 12 hours of modeling, the lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio was calculated, and the contents of interleukin 1β (IL-1β), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) in rat bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were all detected; the pathological changes of lung tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin staining. The intestinal flora of rat feces was analyzed by 16S rRNA sequencing technology, and the correlation of differential bacteria genera with inflammatory factors was also analyzed. RESULTS Compared with MOD group, the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lung tissue of rats in each SGD dose group was decreased, and the thickening of alveolar septum and pulmonary edema improved; lung tissue wet/dry weight ratio, the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in BALF significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). SGD (low dose) could improve the intestinal flora disorder in ALI rats, restore the diversity and richness of intestinal flora, regulate the structure of flora, reduce the abundance of Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Escherichia-Shigella, and increase the abundance of Firmicutes, Lachnospira, Ruminococcus, Clostridia,Dubosiella and Akkermansia. Through correlation analysis, it was found that the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, Streptococcus and Escherichia-Shigella was positively related to the levels of inflammatory factor IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The relative abundance of Lachnospira, Dubosiella, Firmicutes was significantly negatively correlated with the levels of inflammatory factors mentioned above (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS SGD may improve ALI by reducing lung tissue injury and inflammatory response and regulating flora structure in rats.

11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 465-474, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981021

ABSTRACT

Primary dysmenorrhea (PDM), cyclic menstrual pain in the absence of pelvic anomalies, is characterized by acute and chronic gynecological pain disorders in childbearing age women. PDM strongly affects the quality of life of patients and leads to economic losses. PDM generally do not receive radical treatment and often develop into other chronic pain disorders later in life. The clinical treatment status of PDM, the epidemiology of PDM and chronic pain comorbidities, and the abnormal physiological and psychological characteristics of patients with PDM suggest that PDM not only is related to the inflammation around the uterus, but also may be related to the abnormal pain processing and regulation function of patients' central system. Therefore, exploring the brain neural mechanism of PDM is indispensable and important to understand the pathological mechanism of PDM, and is also a hotspot of brain science research in recent years, which will bring new inspiration to explore the target of PDM intervention. Based on the progress of the neural mechanism of PDM, this paper systematically summarizes the evidence from neuroimaging and animal model studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Female , Dysmenorrhea , Brain Mapping , Chronic Pain , Quality of Life , Neuroimaging , Models, Animal
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 81-84, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971154

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the problem of aging population in China being prominant, the number of patients with chronic wounds such as diabetic foot, pressure ulcer, and vascular ulcer is increasing. Those diseases seriously affect the life quality of patients and increase the economy and care burden of the patients' family, which have been one of the most urgent clinical problems. Many researches have confirmed that adipose stem cells can effectively promote wound healing, while exogenous protease is needed, and there are ethical and many other problems, which limit the clinical application of adipose stem cells. Adipose stem cell matrix gel is a gel-like mixture of biologically active extracellular matrix and stromal vascular fragment obtained from adipose tissue by the principle of fluid whirlpool and flocculation precipitation. It contains rich adipose stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, endothelial progenitor cells, and macrophages, etc. The preparation method of adipose stem cell matrix gel is simple and the preparation time is short, which is convenient for clinical application. Many studies at home and abroad showed that adipose stem cell matrix gel can effectively promote wound healing by regulating inflammatory reaction, promoting microvascular reconstruction and collagen synthesis. Therefore, this paper summarized the preparation of adipose stem cell matrix gel, the mechanism and problems of the matrix gel in promoting wound repair, in order to provide new methods and ideas for the treatment of chronic refractory wounds in clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Wound Healing/physiology , Adipocytes , Adipose Tissue , Extracellular Matrix , Stem Cells
13.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 167-170, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970463

ABSTRACT

POEMS syndrome is a rare disease caused by monoclonal plasma cell proliferative disorder.The typical signs include peripheral neuropathy,organ enlargement,endocrine disease,M proteinemia,and skin changes.In clinical practice,the atypical,complex,and changeable clinical manifestations of this syndrome can easily lead to misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis.A case of POEMS syndrome with peripheral edema and ascites as the main manifestations is reported in this paper.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites/etiology , POEMS Syndrome/diagnosis , Edema/diagnosis , Skin
15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 908-912, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957313

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic factors predicting the recovery of elderly patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia(HAP).Methods:Data of HAP inpatients aged over 60 years in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between October 2015 and October 2020 were collected.Body mass index(BMI), neutrophil/lymphocyte rate(NLR), Charlson Comorbidity Index(CCI), Combined Comorbidity Score(CCS)and other data were retrospectively analyzed.The predictive value of the related factors was evaluated by using the Student's t test, the Logistic regression model and the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC). Results:A total of 200 cases were enrolled in this study, and grouped into survival group(n=158)and death group(n=42). There were significant differences between the death group and the survival group in length of age, BMI hospital stay, state of consciousness, swallowing function, indwelling gastric tube, the use of proton pump inhibitors, leukocyte count, lymphocyte count, neutrophil count, hemoglobin, NLR, albumin, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, D-dimer, C-reaction protein, procalcitonin(all P<0.05). Scores of CCI and CCS were higher in the death group than in the survival group[(6.79±2.86) vs.(3.42±1.98), (6.21±3.08) vs.(1.66±1.94), t=-7.193, -9.116, both P<0.001]. Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that age>86 years( OR=1.155, 95% CI: 1.014-1.316), BMI<21.77 kg/m 2( OR=0.651, 95% CI: 0.480-0.883), neutrophil count>10.10×10 9/L( OR=1.208, 95% CI: 1.025-1.422), C-reaction protein>59.32 mg/L( OR=1.055, 95% CI: 1.018-1.093), CCS>6.21 scores( OR=2.859, 95% CI: 1.559-5.244)were risk factors for death inpatients aged 60 years and older with HAP.Area under the ROC curve showed that CCS could better predict the mortality of elderly patients than CCI, and the areas under the ROC curve were 0.831(95% CI: 0.753-0.909)and 0.898(95% CI: 0.850-0.946)respectively(both P< 0.001). Conclusions:The elderly patients with HAP are inclined to multiplecomplications and high mortality rates.Combined application of multiple assessment systems and clinical indicators can improve the ability to predict the outcome of HAP.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1056-1062, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923752

ABSTRACT

OBJE CTIVE To prepare and characterize evodiamine phospholipid complex self-microemulsifying drug delivery system(EVO-PC-SMEDDS),and to investigate its gastric mucosal permeability. METHODS EVO-PC-SMEDDS was prepared , and particle size ,polydispersity(PDI)and Zeta potential were tested ,and microscopic observation was carried out. The stability of EVO-PC-SMEDDS in simulated gastric liquid with different pH (1.2,2.0,4.0,7.0)was investigated. The entrapment efficiency and drug-loading amount of the preparation were determined ,and the in vitro release was investigated. The gastric mucosal permeability of EVO-PC-SMEDDS was studied by combining rat gastric mucosal tissue and Ussing Chamber technology. RESULTS The particle size of EVO-PC-SMEDDS was (53.63±1.51)nm,PDI and Zeta potential were 0.217±0.017 and (-12.20±0.15)mV,entrapment efficiency was (95.25±0.97)% and drug-loading amount was (19.30±1.21)mg/g. EVO-PC- SMEDDS exhibited a uniformly dispersed round spherical shape under transmission electron microscope. Stability experiments showed that EVO-PC-SMEDDS exhibited no significant change in particle size ,PDI and Zeta potential under the simulated gastric fluid with different pH and showed excellent stability. Results of in vitro release test showed that compared with evodiamine (EVO),in vitro accumulative release of EVO-PC-SMEDDS were enhanced 6.83-fold,which was in line with the first-order kinetic release model. Results of gastric mucosal permeability showed that gastric mucosal permeation transport ,permeation rate , permeation flux and area under curve of cumulative permeability of EVO-PC-SMEDDS were higher than those of EVO , respectively. CONCLUSIONS EVO-PC-SMEDDS is prepared N successfully and shows good stability. It could significantly improve the release behavior and gastric mucosal permeability of EVO.

17.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 145-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923358

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical situation and related factors of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism, and to provide theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism. Methods A total of 428 patients with abnormal glucose metabolism who were treated in the Department of Endocrinology of Tianmen First People's Hospital from March 2018 to March 2020 were selected, and serum FT3, FT4 and TSH levels were determined by automatic immune analysis system. Automatic analyzer was used to measure the levels of FBG, HbA1c, TC, TG, LDL-C and UA. A self-made questionnaire was used to investigate the basic information of all subjects, including gender, age, abnormal course of glucose metabolism, BMI and blood pressure. The survey method was combined with telephone inquiry and field investigation. Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for subhypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism. Results Among 428 patients with abnormal glucose metabolism, 89 patients were accompanied by subclinical hypothyroidism, including 39 males and 43 females, with an average age of (45.12±8.13) years. The prevalence of subhypothyroidism in females was higher than that in males, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=4.353 , P0.05). The serum TSH level in experimental group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed statistically significant differences in age, gender, abnormal course of glucose metabolism, BMI, BMI, FBG, HbA1c, UA, TC, LDL-C and SBP between the two groups (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that old age, high levels of FBG, TC, SBP and UA were independent risk factors for subclinical hypothyroidism in patients with abnormal glucose metabolism (P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence rate of patients with abnormal glucose metabolism complicated with subclinical hypothyroidism is high. The biochemical indexes such as blood glucose, blood lipid, blood pressure and uric acid should be monitored regularly. The early regulation of glucose metabolism disorder is an effective way to prevent and treat subclinical hypothyroidism.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 693-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923004

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the sp ectrum-effect relationship of anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction. METHODS Eleven batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were prepared ;gastric ulcer model was established by anhydrous ethanol modeling method. Using Weikangling as positive control ,the effects of Shaoyao gancao decoction on the contents of defensive factors [nitric oxide (NO),epidermal growth factor (EGF),superoxide dismutase (SOD)] and attack factor [malondialdehyde (MDA)] in gastric tissue of model rats were investigated. HPLC fingerprints of 11 batches of Shaoyao gancao decoction were established and similarity evaluation was performed with Similarity Evaluation System of Traditional Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint (2004A edition ); common peaks were identified by comparing with mixed control. The spectrum-effect relationship of Shaoyao gancao decoction against gastric ulcer was analyzed based on the grey correlation analysis. RESULTS Eleven batches of Shaoyao ganyao decoction could significantly decrease the content of MDA in gastric tissue ,while increased the contents of NO ,EGF and SOD in gastric ulcer model rats (P<0.01),and had a certain inhibitory effect on the gastric ulcer. There were 23 common peaks in chromatograms of 11 batches of samples ,and the similarity with the control fingerprint was not less than 0.9. By comparing with mixed control ,7 common peaks were identified ,namely gallic acid (peak 5),albiflorin(peak 9),paeoniflorin(peak 10),liquiritin(peak 12),isoliquiritin apioside (peak 14),isoliquiritoside(peak 15), glycyrrhizic acid (peak 22). The average correlation degree of 7 identified common peaks and pharmacodynamic indexes were greater than 0.6,of which peak 22(glycyrrhizic acid ),peak 10(paeoniflorin)and peak 12(liquiritin)had the largest correlation , and their values were 0.807,0.772 and 0.770 respectively. RESULTS The anti-gastric ulcer effect of Shaoyao gancao decoction is the result of the synergistic effect of multiple components ,among which glycyrrhizic acid ,paeoniflorin and liquiritin may be the main pharmacodynamic components.

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Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 1068-1074, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994285

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the active surveillance as an alternative to surgery in patients with low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma(PTMC); And to explore potential surgical indicators based on characteristics of patients and medical environment.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted in patients with low risk PTMC and received active surveillance management( n=98). Patient adherence, non-progression surgery rates were described, cumulative incidence of tumor growth≥3 mm and tumor volume increase≥50% under ultrasonic monitoring, as well as tumor doubling rate(TDR) were evaluated. Results:A total of 98 patients were enrolled in this prospective cohort. The median age was 39(30, 45) years, and the median baseline diameter of the index tumors was 5.0(3.8, 6.8) mm, with 63.3% of tumors being≤5 mm. After a median 22(12, 44) months follow-up, tumor size growth≥3 mm and tumor volume increase≥50% occurred in 11(11.2%) and 50(51.0%) patients, and no new lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and death occurred. Five cases(5.1%) required delayed surgery, and other five non-progression patients opted in surgery based on their own preferences. One patient lost to follow-up. The median post-tumor progression TDRs was significantly lower than that of pre-tumor progression TDRs [size growth per year: -0.09(-0.12, 0.48) vs 0.91(0.86, 1.25), P=0.014, n=8; volume increase per year: 0.29(-0.14, 0.70) vs 1.04(0.66, 2.17), P<0.001, n=39]. After tumor size and volume progression, 62.5% and 43.6% of tumors were remained stable or shrank, respectively. Conclusions:Actived surveillance can be considered as one of the management strategies for low-risk PTMC. Given the differences in population and clinical characteristics, it should be taken in to consideration in developing active surveillance management, such as candidate criteria, follow-up strategies, and intervention indications.

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Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 824-838, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991109

ABSTRACT

Rabdosia serra(R.serra),an important component of Chinese herbal tea,has traditionally been used to treat hepatitis,jaundice,cholecystitis,and colitis.However,the chemical composition of R.serra and its effect against colitis remain unclear.In this study,the chemical composition of the water extract of R.serra was analyzed using ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with a hybrid linear ion trap quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometer(UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS).A total of 46 compounds,comprising ent-kaurane diterpenoids,flavonoids,phenolic acids,and steroids,were identified in the water extract of R.serra,and the extract could significantly alleviate dextran sulfate sodium salt-induced colitis by improving colon length,upregulating anti-inflammatory factors,downregulating proinflammatory fac-tors,and restoring the balance of T helper 17/T regulatory cells.R.serra also preserved intestinal barrier function by increasing the level of tight junction proteins(zonula occludens 1 and occludin)in mouse colonic tissue.In addition,R.serra modulated the gut microbiota composition by increasing bacterial richness and diversity,increasing the abundance of beneficial bacteria(Muribaculaceae,Bacteroides,Lactobacillus,and Prevotellaceae_UCG-O01),and decreasing the abundance of pathogenic bacteria(Turi-cibacter,Eubacterium_fissicatena_group,and Eubacterium_xylanophilum_group).Gut microbiota depletion by antibiotics further confirmed that R.serra alleviated colitis in a microbiota-dependent manner.Overall,our findings provide chemical and biological evidence for the potential application of R.serra in the management of colitis.

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