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1.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 241-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969873

ABSTRACT

To understand the clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection and the main risk factors affecting clinical prognosis, providing a reference for clinical prevention and control of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection. In this study, the clinical data of 152 patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection admitted to Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2019 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed by reviewing the electronic medical record system, including underlying diseases, clinical characteristics, risk factors, and bacterial resistance. Statistical methods such as Chi-Squared Test and t Test were used to analyze the related risk factors that may affect the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bloodstream infection, then the variables with P<0.05 in univariate analysis were included in the multivariate logistic regression model to analyze the independent risk factors of poor prognosis. The results showed among 152 patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection, 50 patients (32.89%) were infected with MRSA. In comparison, 102 patients (67.11%) were infected with methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Except for rifampicin, the resistance rate of MRSA to commonly used antibiotics was all higher than that of MSSA, and the difference was statistically significant (Chi-square values were 8.272, 11.972, 4.998, 4.776, respectively;all P-values are less than 0.05). Strains resistant to vancomycin, linezolid, and quinupristin/dalfopristin were not found. In the MRSA group, indwelling catheter and drainage tube, carbapenems, and β-lactamase inhibitor treatment were significantly higher than the MSSA group. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The incidence of poor prognosis of bloodstream infection in the MRSA group was higher than that in the MSSA group (34.00% vs 13.73%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=8.495, P<0.05). No independent risk factors associated with poor prognosis were found in the included patients with MRSA bloodstream infection.Multivariate Logistic regression model analysis showed that solid malignant tumors (OR=13.576, 95%CI: 3.352-54.977, P<0.05), mechanical ventilation (OR=7.468, 95%CI: 1.398-39.884, P<0.05) were the most important independent risk factors for poor prognosis in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection. In summary, the poor prognosis rate of MRSA bloodstream infection is higher than that of MSSA. The clinical evaluation of related risk factors should be strengthened, targeted prevention and control interventions should be taken to improve the prognosis of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection, and the use of antibiotics should be rational and standardized, to control bacterial infection and drug resistance effectively .


Subject(s)
Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus aureus , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Methicillin/therapeutic use , Sepsis
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 112-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969852

ABSTRACT

CRISPR/Cas(the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR associated)system exists in most bacteria and all archaea. It is an important strategy for bacteria and archaea to resist foreign nucleic acid invasion and use for self-defense. The CRISPR/Cas system is a simple, fast, and specific diagnostic tool, which is widely used in agriculture, industry, animal husbandry, and medicine. This article mainly introduces and discusses recently advantages and limitations of biosensors combining CRISPR/Cas system with fluorescence, visualization and surface enhanced raman related technologies, as well as future research directions.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Bacteria/genetics , Archaea
3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 990-997, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of a nomogram model based on the CT enterography (CTE) signs for prediction of intestinal penetrating lesions in patients with Crohn disease (CD).Methods:The clinical and CTE data of CD patients who underwent at least two CTE examinations from January 2010 to June 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were retrospectively collected. A total of 112 patients were enrolled, and according to whether there was intestinal wall penetration in the last CTE observation were divided into non-penetration group (84 cases) and penetration group (28 cases). First, the clinical and CTE data for the first examination was analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression to screen out high-risk factors that could effectively predict intestinal wall penetrating lesions in CD patients and established a nomogram model. Then the change trend of CTE data (ΔCTE) between the first and last clinical and CTE signs was analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression, and built a nomogram model to sort out ΔCTE that may accompany the development of penetrating lesions in CD patients. The Harrell concordance index was used to evaluate the discriminative ability of the nomogram model.Results:In the first time clinical and CTE signs, multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression results showed that numbers of diseased bowel segments (HR=0.686, 95%CI 0.475-0.991, P=0.045) and the shortest diameter of the largest lymph node (HR=0.751, 95%CI 0.593-0.949, P=0.017) were independent protection factors for penetrating lesions, and rough bowel wall surface (HR=5.626, 95%CI 2.466-12.839, P<0.001) was an independent risk factor for penetrating lesions. The specificity and sensitivity of the nomogram model to predict non-penetration lesions were 82.1% and 59.5% respectively, and the Harrell concordance index was 0.810 (95%CI 0.732-0.888). In the ΔCTE signs, multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression showed that Δrough bowel wall surface (always rough bowel wall surface HR=12.344, 95%CI 2.042-74.625, P=0.006; slide bowel wall surface becomes rough bowel wall surface HR=28.720, 95%CI 4.580-180.112, P<0.001) and Δthe shortest diameter of the largest lymph node (HR=1.534, 95%CI 1.091-2.157, P=0.014) were independent risk factors for penetrating lesions. The specificity and sensitivity of the nomogram model were 89.3% and 79.2% respectively, and the Harrell concordance index was 0.876 (95%CI 0.818-0.934). Conclusion:The nomogram based on CTE signs of numbers of diseased bowel segments, the shortest diameter of the largest lymph node and rough bowel wall surface and ΔCTE can effectively predict the intestinal wall penetrating lesions of CD patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 442-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the risk factors for syncope in children with severe idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). Methods: Forty-four patients (age<18 years) with IPAH admitted to the Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital between May 2011 and October 2021 were retrospectively included. Patients were devided into syncope group and non-syncope group. Clinical manifestation and hemodynamic parameters including echocardiography, blood tests, right heart catheterization and acute pulmonary vascular expansion test were compared between two groups. Comparisons between groups were performed with unpaired Student t test, or Mann-Whitney U test or chi-square test. Logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) for parameters with statistically significant differences between groups and analyze the statistical correlation. Results: Among the 44 patients, 16 were males, the onset age was (7.2±3.9) years. Twenty-four (55%) children presented with 1 to 11 times of episodes of syncope, and 18 cases of whom induced by physical activity. Syncope group had a larger proportion of New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function class Ⅲ-Ⅳ (67% (16/24) vs. 25% (5/20), χ2=7.59, P=0.006), higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) value ((251±39) vs. (61±40) pg/L, t=-2.18, P=0.035), higher pulmonary-to-aorta diameter ratio (1.6±0.4 vs. 1.4±0.2, t=-2.25, P=0.030) and larger pulmonary vascular resistance index ((22±11) vs. (16±7) WU/m2, t=-2.13, P=0.039) compared with non-syncope group. The proportion of patent foramen ovale (4% (1/24) vs. 45% (9/20), χ2=10.36, P=0.001), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ((68±5)% vs. (72±8)%, t=2.23, P=0.031) and the positive rate of acute pulmonary vascular expansion test (8% (2/24) vs. 35% (7/20), χ2=4.77, P=0.029) of syncope group were significantly lower than those of non-syncope group. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that NYHA heart function Ⅲ-Ⅳ (OR=6.787, 95%CI 1.445-31.880), pulmonary vascular resistance index (OR=1.247, 95%CI 1.020-1.525) and BNP (OR=1.036, 95%CI 1.007-1.066) were independent risk factors for syncope. The patent foramen ovale (OR=0.010, 95%CI 0.000-0.586) was a protective factor for syncope. Conclusions: NYHA cardiac function grade, pulmonary vascular resistance index and BNP are independent risk factors for syncope. Patent foramen ovale is a protective factor for syncope. Exercise is the main inducement of syncope in children with IPAH.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke Volume , Syncope/etiology , Ventricular Function, Left
5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 866-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for pancreas divisum(PD)with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in adults.Methods:Data of patients older than 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2008 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, i. e.the general information, ERCP procedures and follow-up data of the patients. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) of abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 61 patients diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 301 ERCP procedures with the median number of 4(3.0-6.5). The median number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3 (2-6). The success rate of the first minor papilla cannulation was 90.2% (55/61), and the total success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 98.0% (295/301). The efficacy rate of the first ERCP was 82.0% (50/61). ERCP-related complication rate was 2.7% (8/301). The median follow-up time was 54 months (31.0-97.5 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 2.40 to 0 ( Z=-6.726, P<0.001) compared with that before ERCP. The median VAS decreased from 7 to 2 ( Z=-6.621, P<0.001). The median pancreatic duct diameter decreased from 5.0 mm to 4.0 mm ( Z=-2.330, P=0.020). However, the mean weight increased from 56.04±10.75 kg to 58.62±10.79 kg ( t=-5.285, P<0.001)one year after the procedure. Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective in the diagnosis and treatment of PD with CP in adults.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 460-464, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for diagnosis and treatment of pancreas divisum (PD) combined with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children.Methods:Data of patients under 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The general information, endoscopic procedures and follow-up of the children were recored. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of the abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 19 children diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 82 ERCP procedures with the mean number of 4.31 (1-9). The mean number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3.21 (0-8). The success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 97.6% (80/82) with the pain relief rate of 89.5% (17/19) after the first ERCP. ERCP-related complication rate was 4.9% (4/82)without transference to surgery. The mean follow-up time was 55.8 months (9-114 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 3.0 to 0 compared with that before the procedure ( Z=-3.839, P<0.001) and the median VAS score decreased from 6 to 1 ( Z=-3.748, P<0.001), both of which had significant difference. However, the median diameters of main pancreatic duct were both 0.35 cm before and after procedure with no significant difference ( Z=-0.699, P=0.484). Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective to diagnose and treat pediatric patients with PD with CP.

7.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 616-621, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910171

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the present situation of unintended pregnancy within two years postpartum and its influencing factors in China.Methods:Participants who delivered a live birth at 60 hospitals in 15 provinces in the eastern, central and western regions of China during July 2015 to June 2016 were interviewed by using structured questionnaire. Information on occurrence of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery, postpartum contraceptive use, sexual resumption, breastfeeding, and women′s socio-demographic characteristics, and so on, were collected. Life-table analysis, cluster log-rank tests and a 2-level Cox regression model were used for data analysis.Results:A total of 18 045 postpartum women were investigated. The cumulative 1- and 2-year unintended pregnancy rates after delivery were 5.3% (95% CI: 4.5%-6.1%) and 13.1% (95% CI: 11.3%-14.8%), respectively. Cox regression model analysis showed that the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years postpartum were increased in younger women, ethnic minorities, women with abortion history, and those who had a vaginal delivery with short lactation time and late postpartum contraceptive initiation (all P<0.01). The risk of postpartum unintended pregnancy was not associated with geographic regions and hospitals where women gave a birth (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In China, the risk of unintended pregnancy within 2 years after delivery is relatively high. Service institutions and service providers should improve the quality of postpartum family planning services, promote the use of high effect contraceptive methods, and educate women to use a method at the time of their sexual resumption or even before.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 197-200, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809733

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the present situation of physical activity and its influencing factors, and to provide a reference for improving the level of physical activity and making the intervention measures.@*Methods@#The method of random stratification was used to select 4 740 pre school children aged 3-6 from 17 kindergartens in 12 counties and districts of Nanchang City, The questionnaire of physical activities of young children and the questionnaire of parents of physical activities of young children were applied to conduct a survey.@*Results@#Compared with weekday PA and MVPA, preschool children’s weekends decreased, SB increased. The differences in PA, MVPA and SB on weekdays and weekends were statistically significant( P <0.01). The proportion of PA and MVPA reaching the recommended amount during the working day of preschool children were 44.9%-59.2%, 45.4%- 61.7%.The proportion reaching the recommended amount of PA and MVPA on weekends were 24.7%-27.8%, 24.5%-29.9%, and the proportion reaching the recommended amount on weekdays was higher than that on weekends.@*Conclusion@#There is still gap between actual amount of physical activity and the recommended amount. There are different modes of activity on weekdays and weekends, and weekends are the least active periods. Parents and teachers should pay enough attention to the establishment of "social campus family" model to improve the lack of physical activity of preschool children.

9.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1214-1218, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863852

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects between video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and conventional surgery in internal fixation of multiple rib fractures.Methods:Patients with multiple rib fractures, who were admitted to Emergency Center of Shenzhen People's Hospital from June 2010 to May 2020, were included. Patients were divided into the VATS group (incision positioning with VATS) and the conventional group (incisionpositioning with CT scan). The primary outcome measures was the risk of complications, and the secondary outcome measures included postoperative pain, incision length, operation time, and mechanical ventilation rate. Continuous and categorical variables were compared using LSD- t test and Chi-square test. Repeated measures analysis of variance was performed to assess the trend of postoperative pain over time. A logistic regression analysis was used to explore the association of VATS with postoperative complications. Results:A total of 221 patients, including 128 patients in the VATS group and 93 patitents in the conventional group, were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were identical between the two groups ( P>0.05). In the VATS group, the length of incision, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, mechanical ventilation rate after operation, ventilation time, thoracic tube indwelling time, ICU and total length of stay, and medical costs were better than those in the conventional group (all P<0.05). Repeated measures analysis of variance showed that pain relief was faster and more profoundly in the VATS group than in the conventional group ( F=3 517.808, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis indicated that VATS was an independent protective factor for reducing postoperative complications ( OR=0.225, 95% CI:0.121-0.416, P<0.01). Conclusions:During internal fixation of multiple rib fractures, VATS is an effective approach to reduce postoperative pain and complications. Moreover, video-assisted technique is associated with a rapid recovery for patients, resulting in shorter length of hospital stay and less medical costs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 488-490, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805368

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of botulinum toxin A poisoning induced by local cosmetic injection, and to explore the possible pathogenesis.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 20 patients with botulinum toxin type A local cosmetic injection poisoning admitted to our hospital from January 2016 to December 2018 were collected and electrophysiological tests were carried out.@*Results@#The clinical manifestations of 20 patients were mainly 15/20 (75.0%) with limb weakness, and the proximal end was heavier than the distal 20/20 (100%), and the upper limb was heavier than the lower limb 26/20 (80%), followed by dysphagia 12/20 (60%), dysarthria 5/20 (25%), cervical muscle weakness 5/20 (25%), extraocular muscle paralysis 4/20 (20%), masseter muscle weakness 3/20 (15%) and respiratory muscle weakness 2/20 (5.0%) with respiratory failure 1/20 (5.0%). The results of neurophysiological examination showed the highest rate of SFEMG (90.0%), followed by RNS (80.0%), EMG (65.0%) and NCV (40.0%), suggesting that neuromuscular junction dysfunction was the main presentation. Patients who actively gave botulinum antitoxin injection therapy and symptomatic support treatment had good prognosis.@*Conclusions@#Local cosmetic injection of botulinum toxin type A may lead to poisoning. The symptoms of poisoning are mainly caused by limb weakness. Neuroelectrophysiological examination can assist in the diagnosis of botulinum toxin poisoning.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 189-193, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745360

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the therapeutic effects of EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) using a nitinol fully covered self-expandable metal stents in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice after failed ERCP.Methods From January 2016 to January 2018,all patients with malignant obstructive jaundice who failed ERCP underwent EUS-guided biliary drainage using nitinol fully covered self-expandable metal stent at Affiliated Hangzhou First People' s Hospital,Zhejiang University School of Medicine.The operation success rate,liver functional recovery time,complication rate,length of hospital stay and survival time were observed.Results Of 36 patients who underwent EUS-guided biliary drainage,34 were successfully performed,with 19 through the stomach,and 15 through the duodenum.The operation success rate was 94.4% (34/36).The liver functional recovery time of the 34 patients were 25.8 ±.6.5 days.One patient developed hemobilia and one cholangitis,both improved after conservative treatment.The total complication rate was 5.6% (2/36).The hospital stay and survival time were 21.5 ± 4.7 days and 220.5 ± 54.8 days,respectively.Conclusion EUS-BD using nitinol fully covered self-expandable metal stents was a feasible and effective treatment in patients with malignant biliary obstruction after failed ERCP.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 402-406, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of population and the changes of disease spectrum in patients treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ( ERCP ) . Methods Data of 20170 patients, who underwent ERCP in the First People' s Hospital of Hangzhou from May 2004 to February 2018, were enrolled in the retrospective analysis. According to the year of diagnosis and treatment,patients were divided into 2004-2008, 2009-2013, and 2014-2018 group; according to the postoperative diagnosis of ERCP, they were divided into biliary tract diseases ( including calculus, benign stenosis, malignant stenosis, and other causes ) and pancreatic diseases ( including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic malignant tumor, and other causes ) group; and according to the age, they were divided into the younger age (0-18 years old), young and middle age (19-65 years old), old age (66-85 years old), and advanced age (>85 years old) group. Statistical analysis was performed in the different groups. Results Among the 20170 patients, there were 10260 males and 9910 females, with age of 62. 65± 17. 11 years. The proportion of the younger age group and the advanced age group was 1. 04%( 24/2308 ) , 1. 69% ( 127/7520 ) , 2. 39% ( 247/10342 ) , and 2. 95% ( 68/2308 ) , 4. 19%( 315/7520 ) , 6. 15% ( 636/10342 ) , respectively, in the 2004-2008, 2009-2013 and 2014-2018 subgroups, with a rising trend (P<0. 017). A total 20032 patients had a clear postoperative diagnosis, including 15618 ( 77. 97%) of biliary diseases and 4414 ( 22. 03%) of pancreatic diseases. Biliary stones accounted for the majority of biliary diseases (63. 2%, 9863/15618), and its proportion increased from 59. 9% ( 1191/1987 ) in 2004-2008 to 64. 5% ( 5118/7939 ) in 2014-2018 ( P= 0. 000 ) . Acute pancreatitis accounted for the majority of pancreatic diseases (67. 4%, 1973/4414), and its proportion increased from 52. 4% ( 162/309) in 2004-2008 to 69. 9% ( 1636/2340) in 2014-2018 ( P=0. 000) . The top 3 diseases in the younger group and the advanced age group were acute pancreatitis ( 32. 58%, 129/396) , biliary stones ( 25. 25%, 100/396 ) , chronic pancreatitis ( 22. 22%, 88/396 ) , and biliary stones (56. 46%, 568/1006), malignant biliary stenosis (12. 52%, 126/1006), benign biliary stricture ( 10. 34%, 104/1006) , respectively. Conclusion The main disease of patients receiving ERCP is biliary stone, and the proportion of acute pancreatitis is increased. The overall age of the patients is old, and the proportion of the elderly and underaged patients is gradually increasing. Biliary diseases and pancreatic diseases are the main diseases in elderly patients and younger patients, respectively.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 363-366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755117

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) in patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomies.Methods We collected data from 33 patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomies from January 2016 to January 2018 in Zhejiang University School of Medicine Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital who underwent EUS-guided biliary drainage after unsuccessful ERCP.The operation success rate,clinical success rate,complication rate,hospital stay were studied.Results Of 33 patients,31 were successfully operated and stented using endoscopic ultrasound puncture:14 patients through the stomach,17 patients through the duodenum;8 patients by the rendezvous approach.The operation success rate was 93.9%.Of the 33 patients,28 had a significant decrease in jaundice,with a clinical success rate of 84.9%.Complications consisted of 2 patients with bleeding and 1 patient with cholangitis.These patients improved after conservative treatment.The complications rate was 9.1%.The hospital stay was (12.4±5.7) d.Conclusion EUS-BD can be the first choice for patients with biliary obstruction and surgically altered anatomy after failed endoscopic retrograde cholangiograohv in centers with exoertise in EUS-BD procedures.

14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 238-241, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690665

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to define the taxonomic status of Spermophilus in the plague area of Dingbian County in Shaanxi Province, China, through the two-factor variance analysis of morphological characteristics, DNA barcoding, and chromosome karyotype analysis. The Spermophilus samples collected from Dingbian and Zhengxiang Baiqi Counties exhibited significant differences in their morphological measurements. All Spermophilus samples form two distinct branches in neighbor-joining (NJ) tree. One branch included the Spermophilus samples collected from Inner Mongolia, and the other branch included samples collected from the plague foci of Shaanxi Province and the Ningxia Region. The Spermophilus samples collected from Dingbian County had a chromosome number of 2n = 38 in 84.40% of all their cells. The Spermophilus species collected from the plague area of Dingbian County was categorized as Spermophilus alashanicus (S.alashamicus). The findings reported in this study are epidemiologically significant for monitoring plague in this region of west-central China.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Cytochromes b , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Electron Transport Complex IV , Karyotype , Plague , Microbiology , Sciuridae , Classification , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 163-166, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711499

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of endoscopic ultrasonography(EUS)for common bile duct(CBD)stones before endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP). Methods Data of patients with suspected CBD stones admitted to The First People′s Hospital of Hangzhou from July 2012 to July 2013 were reviewed. Diagnostic efficiency and rates of complications were analyzed between patients undergoing EUS(EUS group)and MRCP(MRCP group)before ERCP, and between patients who underwent EUS and ERCP in different sessions(non-one-session group)with those in one session(one-session group). Results A total of 657 patients were included. With ERCP and follow-up results as the gold standard, the sensitivity(97.5% VS 88.4%), accuracy(96.3% VS 88.0%)and negative predictive value(88.9% VS 60.0%)of EUS in the diagnosis of CBD stones were significantly higher than those of MRCP(P<0.05). There were no significant differences between one-session group and non-one-session group in the sensitivity(97.5% VS 97.4%), specificity(91.7% VS 90.0%), positive predictive value(98.3% VS 97.4%), negative predictive value(88.0% VS 90.0%), and accuracy (96.6% VS 95.9%)in diagnosis of CBD stones(P>0.05). There were no significant differences in incidence of postoperative complications of ERCP between EUS and MRCP group[5.4%(13/242)VS 5.1%(21/415),P>0.05],and between one-session group and non-one-session group[5.5%(8/145)VS 5.2%(5/97),P>0.05].Conclusion Preoperative EUS before ERCP could increase diagnostic sensitivity and negative pridictive value of CBD stones without increasing the incidence of complications.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 491-495, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705072

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of P2X7 recep-tor and its mediated NLRP3 inflammatory signaling pathway in alcohol-induced liver injury. Methods The acute alcoholic liver injury model was established by NIAAA method, and thirty C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into three groups (n =10):control group, model group, A438079 group, The three groups were processed as follows in the last week:control group and model group: given an equal dose of saline intraperitoneal injection(about 0.2 mL/only) once a day. According to the weight of the mice, A438079 group was given intraperitoneally injection by 200 μmol·kg-1of A-438079 (prepared at 7 g·L-1 of A438079,about 0.2 mL/only) once a day. And it was given a single 31.5% alcohol solution by intragas-tric administration on the last day of the morning,with the dose of 10 mL·kg-1. Nine hours later alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST),cholesterol(TCHO),triglyceride(TG) were measured by orbital blood in mice. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of the liver. Immunohistochemical method was applied to detect the expression of P2X7R in liver tissues. Western blot was employed to detect the levels of P2X7R, NLRP3, ASC, IL-1β and IL-18 in liver tissues. Results Compared with control group,the levels of ALT,AST, TG and TCHO in model group were significantly en-hanced, and the liver injury was obvious. Compared with model group, the levels of ALT, AST, TG and TCHO in A438079 group significantly decreased. Compared with control group, the expressions of P2X7, NLRP3, ASC, IL-1β, IL-18 in model group were significantly higher than those in control group. Compared with model group, the expression levels of P2X7, NLRP3, ASC, IL-1β and IL-18 in A438079 group significantly decreased. Conclusion Alcohol-induced liver injury may be associated with P2X7R-NLRP3 signaling pathway.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 418-422, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611470

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of endobiliary radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with stent placement in treatment of unresectable extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHCC).Methods The patients with unresectable EHCC in Hangzhou First People's Hospital between October 2013 and January 2015 were enrolled in a prospective, randomized, single-blind cohort study, and were assigned randomly into two groups: RFA+stent group and stent-only group.The jaundice fade time, stent patency period, overall survival rate, and postoperative adverse events were analyzed between two groups.Results Among 59 patients with non-resectable EHCC, 28 were divided into RFA+stent group, and 31 were in stent-only group.There was no statistical difference in preoperative serum total bilirubin between the two groups.Mean serum bilirubin decrease time was significantly lower in the RFA+stent group than that in the stent-only group[17.9 d(7-22 d) VS 29.9 d(10-55 d),P=0.03].The biliary patency period in RFA+stent group was significantly longer than that of stent-only group (8.9 months VS 4.5 months, P=0.02).The mean survival time in RFA+stent group was significantly longer than that of stent-only group[13.3 months(6.2-16.5 months) VS 8.6 months(4.5-11.7 months), P=0.000).Incidence of postoperative adverse events showed no statistical difference between the two groups(P=0.727).Conclusion RFA with stent placement is effective and safe as a palliative measure in the treatment of non-resectable EHCC, and it can significantly shorten the jaundice fade time, prolong the biliary patency period and overall survival, while without increase of the incidence of adverse events.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 246-249, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609527

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the therapeutic effect of EUS-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) on patients with malignant obstructive jaundice when ERCP failed.Methods From January 2014 to January 2016,all patients with malignant obstructive jaundice during hospitalization underwent EUS-guided biliary drainage (group A,36 cases) or PTCD treatment (group B,30 cases) by draw after failed ERCP.Operation success rate,liver function recovery time,complication rates,length of hospital stay and hospital costs were observed and compared.Results There was no significant difference in the operation success rates between two groups [94.44% (34/36) VS 86.67% (26/30),P>0 05)].And there were significant differences in liver function recovery time (25.79± 6.48 d VS 30.24 ± 8.49 d),incidence of complications [5.56% (2/36) VS 23.33% (7/30)],length of hospital stay (21.54±4.73 d VS 25.68 ± 8.56 d) and hospitalization costs (23.5±8.4 thousand yuan VS 32.8±6.5 thousand yuan,P<0.05).Conclusion EUS-guided biliary drainage could be the first option for its noninvasiveness and efficacy,when ERCP failed in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice.

19.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 916-919, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667727

ABSTRACT

We typed Yersinia pestis isolated from plague foci of Shaanxi Province using different region (DFR) and analyzed epidemiological characteristics.Twenty-three DFRs primers and PMT1 (plasmid) primer were used to verify the DFR genomovars and 48 Yersinia pestis were involved to analyze DFR profiles and epidemiological characteristics.In the same year,the genotypes of Yersinia pestis isolated from different infected vector and animals were basically the same.Three genomovars named Genomovar 11,17,and 20 were verified in 48 Yersinia pestis strains in Shaanxi Province.The main genotypes were different in different epidemic years.In 1987-1988 and 2000-2001 years,genomovar 17 was major genomovar and genomovar 20 in 2006 year.In conclusion,the dominant genotypes were different in different epidemic years.As time goes on,DFR genomovars of Yersinia pestis undergone the evolution of gene deletion,which changes genomovar 17 into genomovar 20.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 658-661, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667122

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficiency of endoscopic ultrasound-guided celiac plexus neurolysis(EUS-CPN)for pain associated with advanced pancreatic carcinoma.Methods EUS-CPN was performed in 29 patients with advanced pancreatic carcinoma in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from May 2010 to April 2015. The pain status before and after treatment was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS),and the clinical efficacy was assessed by pain anesis rate(PAR). Results All the 29 patients successfully completed EUS-CPN. The mean VAS value of the first day after treatment(3.6±1.5)was lower than that of preoperative(8.2±2.3,P=0.00). The mean VAS value of 1 month after treatment(2.0±0.6) was statistically different compared with the value of the first day after treatment(P=0.00). There were 10, 9,4,and 3 patients who had complete,obvious,moderate and mild relief,respectively. Three patients had no pain relief. The overall efficiency rate was 79.3%(23/29). Conclusion EUS-CPN is a safe and effective method for relieving pain in pancreatic carcinoma.

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