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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 533-540, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922935

ABSTRACT

Hair roots induced by Agrobacterium rhizogene produce higher levels of secondary metabolites than non-induced plants, and the enhanced metabolic capacity is driven by the rol gene. We hypothesized that rol genes can be utilized to improve the biosynthesis of tropane alkaloids (TAs) in Atropa belladonna. In this study, the rolC gene from Agrobacterium rhizogene pRiA4 plasmid, driven by a CaMV35S promoter, was overexpressed in A. belladonna. The phenotypes, TAs content and transcriptional expression of key genes in TAs biosynthesis were analyzed in transgenic A. belladonna plants. Results show that transgenic A. belladonna exhibited a well-developed root system, male sterility, higher stamen column length than pistil, early flowering, internode shortening, smaller but more flowers, increased axillary buds and lateral buds, decreased apical dominance, and long and narrow leaves as compared to wild-type plants. Transgenic A. belladonna produced more TAs than wild-type plants, with the content of hyoscyamine, anisodamine and scopolamine reaching 2.58, 3.59 and 15.77-fold that of the control group, respectively. The gene expression of putrescine N-methyltransferase (PMT), tropinone reductase I (TRⅠ) and hyoscyamine 6-β-hydroxylase (H6H), key enzymes in TAs biosynthesis, were up-regulated compared with the control group. The above results indicate that the rolC gene enhances TAs biosynthesis in A. belladonna by up-regulating the expression of key enzymes in the TAs biosynthesis pathway, laying a foundation for genetic manipulation of A. belladonna to increase TAs content by increasing rolC gene expression.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 303-312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922934

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450s (CYP450) is a superfamily of phase I metabolic enzymes, which participates in more than 90% of drug oxidation. The induction or inhibition of CYP450s is the main mechanism of drug-drug interaction. In recent years, in vitro metabolism studies conducted through isolated organs, cells, or enzyme systems have developed rapidly, due to their precision and simplicity. Therefore, profiles of the in vitro metabolism studies of traditional Chinese medicines can infer the possible metabolic pathways of drugs, predict the potential drug interactions, and may enhance the rational use of drugs in clinic. This article reviews the in vitro inhibitory effects of traditional Chinese medicine, ingredients, and extracts on the activities of CYP450 enzymes in the liver microsomes, which can provide a reference for further researches on the interaction between Chinese medicine and chemical medicine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880059

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism in stable cell strains expressing Mini-hF9 gene with nonsense mutation.@*METHODS@#Mini-hF9 gene and its nonsense mutants were transfected into HeLa cells independently, and stable cell strains were obtained after G418 resistance screening and monoclonal transformation. The altered splicing and protein expression of mRNA in Mini-hF9 gene in stable cell strains were detected by using RT-PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The wild type and nonsense mutated human coagulation factor IX stable cell strains were constructed successfully, which were named HeLa-F9-WT, HeLa-F9-M1 and HeLa-F9-M2. Only normal splicing Norm was detected in the wild-type cell strain HeLa-F9-WT; Norm and Alt-S1 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M1; while Norm, Alt-S1 and Alt-S2 splicing were detected in HeLa-F9-M2.@*CONCLUSION@#The nonsense associated altered splicing (NAS) pathway, which generated alternately spliced transcripts, might be triggered in coagulation factor IX gene with nonsense mutation.


Subject(s)
Codon, Nonsense , Factor IX/metabolism , HeLa Cells , Humans , Mutation , RNA Splicing , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the categories of physical activities and rehabilitation exercise for aging people based on the theory and method of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). Methods:From the framework and coding of ICF, physical activities, rehabilitation exercise and functional improvement for the aging people were reviewed. Results:There were three typical physical activities: physical fitness, skills and sports, mainly including regular exercises, cognitive amusements, leisure sports activities, recreational sports activities, rehabilitation exercises, etc. Physical activities promoted the functioning of the aging people, including mental function (b1), pain and sensory dysfunction (b2), cardiovascular, blood, the function of the immune system and respiratory system (b4), digestion, metabolism and function of the endocrine system (b5), nerve musculoskeletal function related to movement (b7), the function of skin and related structures (b8), activity (d4), and community, social and civic life (d9), etc., especially body mass index, cardiovascular, physical fitness (muscular strength and endurance, aerobic endurance), balance, flexibility, upper and lower extremities strength, sleep, metabolic capability, cognitive function and anti-aging ability. There were more gains at individual levels, including promotion of subjective happiness, quality of life, reducing depression, risk of sarcopenia, dementia and falling, etc. The environmental and personal factors related to activity and participation in physical activities included the products and technologies (e1), natural environment and man-made changes to the environment (e3), support and interpersonal relationships (e3), attitude, service system and policy (e5), such as urban environment, building environment, street pavement behavior, weather, caregivers, accompany of family and friends, etc. Conclusion:The physical activities and rehabilitation exercise the aged joined include physical fitness activities, skills activities, and sports activities. The physical activities had effects on the rehabilitation of the aged including the function of the body(mental function, pain and sensory dysfunction, cardiovascular, blood, the function of the immune system and respiratory system, digestion, metabolism, and function of the endocrine system, nerve musculoskeletal function related to movement, the function of skin and related structures) and the participation in activities (activities, community, society and civic life). The function of the body works for the health of the aged to promote physical health, mental health, functional health, social adjustment and social well-being.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically review and develop the categories in the fields of recreational physical activities and rehabilitation exercise for the children and youth with disabilities based on the theory and method of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY). Methods:The literatures about physical activities and rehabilitation exercise for children and youth with disabilities were retrieved with subject retrieval method, from the database of CNKl, Wanfang Data, PubMed and Web of Science, until December 31st, 2020. The authors, countries, published time, published journals, research objectives, object of the study and their ages, data collection tool, and the key findings were extracted. Results:A total of 1920 literatures were returned, and 26 of them were enrolled, which were published in eleven countries, and mainly from the journals of medicine, public health, exercise and rehabilitation for people with disabilities, and mainly published after 2010. The researches mainly used questionnaire survey, experimentation and measurement methods. There were three typical recreational physical activities: physical fitness activities, skills activities and sports activities, mainly including physical activities in daily life, recreational and leisure activities, sports activities, school physical education courses and rehabilitation training, etc. According to the framework of ICF-CY, physical activities might promote functional recovery for children and youth with disabilities, in b body functions, including bl mental function; b2 sensory function and pain; b4 cardiovascular, blood, the function of the immune system and respiratory system; b5 digestion, metabolism and function of the endocrine system; and b7 nerve musculoskeletal function related to movement; and d activities and participation, including d2 the general tasks and requirements; d4 activity; d5 self-care; d6 family life; d7 interpersonal communication and interpersonal relationship; d8 main area of life and d9 community, social and civic life. The evidences showed benefits of improvement in the fields of gross motor function, muscle strength, balance coordination, walking, running, dexterity and functioning of hand, cardio-respiratory fitness, body composition, and pain relief. Further more, there were gains at improvement of the quality of life, well-being, social support and self-efficacy, taking an active part in all kinds of leisure activities and physical activity, increasing the range of activities, etc. The environmental and personal factors might affect the participation and performance in physical activities for children and youth, including e1 products and technologies, e2 natural environment and man-made changes to the environment, e3 support and interpersonal relationships, e4 attitude, e5 service system and policy, including physical and built environment, assistive technology, activity facilities, transportation, physical accessibility and availability of community leisure and recreational activities, athletic ability, orientation of family activities, family environment, etc. Conclusion:The physical activities may promote the recovery of body function, and activities and participation for children and youth with disabilities. The environmental and personal factors may affect the participation and performance in physical activities.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903805

ABSTRACT

Background@#The present investigation explored the therapeutic actions of oleuropein along with the possible signaling pathway involved in attenuating neuropathic pain in chronic constriction injury (CCI) and vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in male rats. @*Methods@#Four loose ligatures were placed around the sciatic nerve to induce CCI, and vincristine (50 μg/kg) was injected for 10 days to develop neuropathic pain.The development of cold allodynia, mechanical allodynia, and mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed using different pain-related behavioral tests. The levels of H2S, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), orexin, and nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were measured in the sciatic nerve. @*Results@#Treatment with oleuropein for 14 days led to significant amelioration of behavioral manifestations of neuropathic pain in two pain models. Moreover, oleuropein restored both CCI and vincristine-induced decreases in H2S, CSE, CBS, orexin, and Nrf2 levels. Co-administration of suvorexant, an orexin receptor antagonist, significantly counteracted the pain-attenuating actions of oleuropein and Nrf2 levels without modulating H2S, CSE and CBS. @*Conclusions@#Oleuropein has therapeutic potential to attenuate the pain manifestations in CCI and vincristine-induced neuropathic pain, possibly by restoring the CSE, CBS, and H2S, which may subsequently increase the expression of orexin and Nrf2 to ameliorate behavioral manifestations of pain.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906484

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention mechanism of Yishen Huayu prescription on glomerular podocyte injury in diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats based on epithelialmesenchymal transition (EMT) regulated by Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway. Method:The 60 SD rats were divided into control group, model group, Wnt-C59 group (0.03 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway inhibitor), low-dose group (8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium-dose group (16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and high-dose group (32 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). After 12 weeks, various indexes , including general signs, serum creatinine (SCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), renal index, urinary protein, blood glucose, renal pathological changes, podocyte and expressions of glomerular basement membrane injury and podocyte injury related proteins [nephrin, synaptopodin], Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway related proteins (Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin), podocyte EMT related protein [<italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle actin (<italic>α</italic>-SMA), E-cadherin], were compared between groups. Result:Compared with the control group, the renal tissue in the model group showed significant pathological changes, including diffuse thickening of glomerular mesangial matrix and severe foot process fusion, and a significant increase in SCr, BUN, renal indexes, urinary protein, blood glucose, Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin, and <italic>α</italic>-SMA expression levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05) as well as a significant decrease in nephrin, synaptopodin and E-cadherin expression levels(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group, SCr, BUN, renal index, urinary protein, blood glucose, Wnt1, <italic>β</italic>-catenin, and <italic>α</italic>-SMA expression levels in each intervention group significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), while the expression levels of nephrin, synaptopodin and E-cadherin significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Among intervention groups, the improvement of above indexes in high-dose Yishen Huayu prescription group was the most obvious (<italic>P</italic><0.05), which was similar to the effect in Wnt-C59 group. Conclusion:Yishen Huayu prescription prevents podocyte EMT by inhibiting Wnt/<italic>β</italic>-catenin pathway, thereby repairing glomerular podocyte injury in rats with diabetic nephropathy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906217

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through comprehensive evaluation and analysis of the quality of Liuwei Dihuang (LWDH) preparations from different manufacturers and combining factors such as production technology, the key factors in the quality control of LWDH preparations are explored to provide a reference for improving the quality control level of LWDH preparations. Method:Morroniside, loganin and paeonol as quality control markers of LWDH products were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), the mobile phase was acetonitrile (A) -0.3% phosphoric acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-5 min, 5%-8%A; 5-20 min, 8%A; 20-35 min, 8%-20%A; 35-45 min, 20%-60%A; 45-55 min, 60%A), the detection wavelength of paeonol was at 274 nm, and the detection wavelengths of morroniside and loganin were at 240 nm. The quality characteristics of LWDH preparations with different dosage forms (big candied pills, water-honeyed pills, concentrated pills, hard capsules and soft capsules) from different manufacturers were analyzed. Combined these results with their actual production processes, the key-points of quality control in the whole production process were discussed. Result:The contents of three index ingredients in 128 batches of LWDH preparations were all in conformity with the standards of the 2015 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic>, however, the content limit of some dosage forms in the current standard was unreasonable. For example, although the daily dose of crude drugs for big candied pills were almost twice the dose of water- honeyed pills (15.00, 8.57 g, respectively), they got exactly the same daily limits of the contents for both the quality markers. What′s more, these two formulations had the same process, so the differences between the process obviously could not be the reason of these differences. Conclusion:It is recommended that for the products with different dosage forms should have a similar content limits, if there are no obvious distinctions between their production processes. Which may benefit the quality control of the products with multi-dosage forms. The research on the quality standards of proprietary Chinese medicines should deeply study the existing characteristics of the quality standards, and fully respect the laws of the quality attributes of traditional Chinese medicines and the rules of the production process of Chinese patent medicines.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906103

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a malignant tumor with high incidence and high mortality, posing a great threat to human health. Neovascularization may be one of the important mechanisms of lung cancer. The growing lung cancer cells can obtain necessary nutrients from the newly formed blood vessels, thereby causing the spread and metastasis of lung cancer. Nowadays, anti-angiogenic drugs are commonly used in western medicine in addition to surgery,radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy. However, the resulting adverse reactions such as thrombosis, hypertension, diarrhea, and cardiotoxicity have seriously affected the quality of life of patients. As the recognition of angiogenesis deepens, the selection of lung cancer treatment options has become a research hotspot and difficulty in the field of lung cancer treatment. In traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), angiogenesis is believed to fall into the category of “collateral disease”. The invasion of external pathogens and deficiency of healthy Qi will cause visceral dysfunction, which can be gradually followed by Qi obstruction and blood stasis and phlegm-turbidity congesting the collaterals. As a result, the collateral function will be damaged, providing favorable conditions for the occurrence of lung cancer. More and more modern studies have confirmed that TCM is able to inhibit angiogenesis in the lung cancer, thereby resisting the tumor. In addition, by virtue of the unique advantages, TCM effectively reduces adverse reactions, enhances the efficacy, and improves the living conditions of patients. Moreover, it can synergize with other western medicine therapies in the treatment of lung cancer, exhibiting a wide application prospect. This paper summarizes the mechanisms of TCM in inhibiting angiogenesis of lung cancer reported in relevant experimental research, hoping to provide reference for the optimization of clinical treatment strategies for lung cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906080

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of Baiyaojian before and after fermentation on intestinal flora and expression of Occludin and zonula occludens protein-1 (ZO-1) in intestinal mucosa of mice with ulcerative colitis (UC), and to explore the mechanism of Baiyaojian and Galla Chinensis in the treatment of UC. Method:Totally 50 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups with 10 mice in each group, one group was randomly selected as blank group, and the other 4 groups were treated with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) to induce UC model. After modeling, mice in the blank group and model group were given normal saline, and treatment groups were given Mesalazine (0.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Galla Chinensis decoction (1.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Baiyaojian decoction (2.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) by intragastric administration for 7 days. The 16S rRNA sequencing technology was used to detect the changes of intestinal flora in mouse feces. The histopathological changes of colon tissue were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression of Occludin and ZO-1 in colon tissue of mice were compared by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the blank group, the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora in UC mice were significantly decreased, and the colonic tissue was thickened with congestion and obvious ulcers, and the expression levels of Occludin and ZO-1 were significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment with Galla Chinensis and Baiyaojian, the abundance and diversity of flora were improved. At the phylum level, relative abundance of Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in Galla Chinensis group. In Baiyaojian group, the relative abundance of Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the relative abundance of Firmicutes increased and the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes decreased, but there was no significant difference. At the genus level, the relative abundance of <italic>Bacteroides</italic>, <italic>Allobaculum </italic>and <italic>Ruminococcus</italic> decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the relative abundance of <italic>Roseburia</italic>, <italic>Prevotella</italic>, <italic>Oscillospira</italic> and <italic>Paraprevotella</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) in Galla Chinensis group. In Baiyaojian group, the relative abundance of <italic>Bacteroides</italic> and <italic>Allobaculum</italic> decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and the relative abundance of <italic>Prevotella</italic>, <italic>Oscillospira</italic>, <italic>Roseburia</italic> and <italic>Ruminococcus</italic> increased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, colon tissue of Galla Chinensis group and Baiyaojian group was recovered obviously, congestion was alleviated, only scattered ulcers were seen. The expression of Occludin and ZO-1 increased, and the expression level of Baiyaojian group was higher than that of Galla Chinensis group. Conclusion:The effect of Baiyaojian is better than Galla Chinensis in the treatment of UC. The mechanism may be through regulating the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora, improving the disorder of intestinal flora and increasing the expression of ZO-1 and Occludin and protecting the intestinal mucosal barrier function for alleviating intestinal inflammation.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896101

ABSTRACT

Background@#The present investigation explored the therapeutic actions of oleuropein along with the possible signaling pathway involved in attenuating neuropathic pain in chronic constriction injury (CCI) and vincristine-induced neuropathic pain in male rats. @*Methods@#Four loose ligatures were placed around the sciatic nerve to induce CCI, and vincristine (50 μg/kg) was injected for 10 days to develop neuropathic pain.The development of cold allodynia, mechanical allodynia, and mechanical hyperalgesia was assessed using different pain-related behavioral tests. The levels of H2S, cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), orexin, and nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) were measured in the sciatic nerve. @*Results@#Treatment with oleuropein for 14 days led to significant amelioration of behavioral manifestations of neuropathic pain in two pain models. Moreover, oleuropein restored both CCI and vincristine-induced decreases in H2S, CSE, CBS, orexin, and Nrf2 levels. Co-administration of suvorexant, an orexin receptor antagonist, significantly counteracted the pain-attenuating actions of oleuropein and Nrf2 levels without modulating H2S, CSE and CBS. @*Conclusions@#Oleuropein has therapeutic potential to attenuate the pain manifestations in CCI and vincristine-induced neuropathic pain, possibly by restoring the CSE, CBS, and H2S, which may subsequently increase the expression of orexin and Nrf2 to ameliorate behavioral manifestations of pain.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888482

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical effect of mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) in the treatment of children with global developmental delay (GDD).@*METHODS@#A prospective clinical trial was conducted in 60 children with GDD who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between July 2016 and July 2017. These children were randomly divided into two groups: conventional rehabilitation treatment and mNGF treatment group (@*RESULTS@#Before treatment and after 1.5 months of treatment, there was no significant difference in the developmental quotient (DQ) of each functional area of the Gesell Developmental Scale between the mNGF treatment and conventional rehabilitation treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with GDD, routine rehabilitation training combined with mNGF therapy can significantly improve their cognitive, motor, and social abilities.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epilepsy , Mice , Prospective Studies , Social Skills
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience in the application of muscle relaxants in the perioperative period in neonates with congenital esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 58 previously untreated neonates with EA-TEF who were treated in the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2017 to 2019. The incidence rate of anastomotic leak was compared between the neonates receiving muscle relaxants for different durations after surgery (≤ 5 days and > 5 days). The correlation between the duration of postoperative use of muscle relaxants and the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 neonates with EA-TEF, 44 underwent surgery, among whom 35 with type III EA-TEF underwent thoracoscopic surgery. Among these 35 neonates, 30 (86%) received muscle relaxants after surgery, with a median duration of 4.75 days, and 6 (18%) experienced anastomotic leak. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of anastomosis leak between the ≤ 5 days and > 5 days groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged use of muscle relaxants after surgery cannot significantly reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak, but can prolong the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in neonates with EA-TEF. Therefore, prolonged use of muscle relaxants is not recommended after surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Muscles , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2360-2366, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886955

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the biopharmaceutical industry has grown rapidly, and the market size of monoclonal antibody drugs has increased significantly. Accurate structural characterization and quality control are the supporting technologies for the development of monoclonal antibody drugs. As a significant post-translational modification of antibody drugs, glycosylation has an important influence on its efficacy, stability, and immunogenicity. The existing literature usually uses liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to perform major glycosylation modifications of monoclonal antibody drugs. Characterization, there are few studies on low-abundance glycosylation, but the characterization and control of low-abundance glycosylation cannot be ignored. In this study, we have established a qualitative and quantitative analysis technology for N-glycans based on RapiFluor-MS reagent-labeled monoclonal antibody drugs. This method has a short sample processing time and high sensitivity. It can not only characterize the main glycoforms of three monoclonal antibody drugs (adalimumab, bevacizumab, and trastuzumab) but also can quantify low-abundance N-glycans. The results of the study showed that the main glycoforms specified in the Pharmacopoeia could be detected in different batches of monoclonal antibody drugs, but the content of N-glycans in different batches of samples is not identical. After that, we analyzed the N-glycans connection sites and glycoforms at the intact glycopeptide level, further enriching the N-glycans structure information of the monoclonal antibody. The qualitative and quantitative analysis technology of N-glycans based on RapiFluor-MS reagent-labeled monoclonal antibody drugs can realize the in-depth characterization and control of glycosylation modification of monoclonal antibody drugs.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deeply study and explore the cognitive and barrier factors of clinical nurses' nutrition management in patients with pressure injury (PI), and provide evidence for developing quantifiable standardized management model and strengthening individualized nutrition management.Methods:A semi-structured in-depth interview was conducted with 11 nurses. The NVivo10.0 software and Colaizzi's 7-step analysis of phenomenological data were used to analyze interview data.Results:The study summarized four themes that hindered nutrition management: subjective judgment bias; education training lags behind and radiates one-sided; lack of policy and configuration; conflict between workload, roles and perceptions.Conclusions:There are many obstacles to the implementation of nutrition management in patients with PI. An objective, feasible and standardized nutrition management plan should be established, support should be provided by policy, configuration and information system, and relevant knowledge training and multi-team cooperation should be strengthened to improve patient life.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922764

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) is recognized as the most common neoplasm in the female reproductive system worldwide. The lack of chemotherapeutic agents with outstanding effectiveness and safety severely compromises the anti-cipated prognosis of patients. Aloperine (ALO) is a natural quinolizidine alkaloid with marked anti-cancer effects on multiple malignancies as well as favorable activity in relieving inflammation, allergies and infection. However, its therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanism in CC are still unclear. In the current study, MTT assay was employed to evaluate the viability of HeLa cells exposed to ALO to preliminarily estimate the effectiveness of ALO in CC. Then, the effects of ALO on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells were further investigated by plate colony formation and flow cytometry, respectively, while the migration and invasion of ALO-treated HeLa cells were evaluated using Transwell assay. Moreover, nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with HeLa cells to demonstrate the anti-CC properties of ALO in vivo. The molecular mechanisms underlying these effects of ALO were evaluated by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. This study experimentally demonstrated that ALO inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells via G2 phase cell cycle arrest. Simultaneously, ALO promoted an increase in the percentage of apoptotic HeLa cells by increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Additionally, the migration and invasion of HeLa cells were attenuated by ALO treatment, which was considered to result from inhibition of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. For molecular mechanisms, the expression and activation of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop were markedly suppressed by ALO treatment. This study indicated that ALO markedly suppresses the proliferation, migration and invasion and enhances the apoptosis of HeLa cells. In addition, these prominent anti-CC properties of ALO are associated with repression of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Feedback , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Janus Kinase 1 , Mice , Mice, Nude , Quinolizidines , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Signal Transduction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
17.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1289-1302, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922623

ABSTRACT

Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily. It is widely distributed in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Whether and how GDF-15 modulates nociceptive signaling remains unclear. Behaviorally, we found that peripheral GDF-15 significantly elevated nociceptive response thresholds to mechanical and thermal stimuli in naïve and arthritic rats. Electrophysiologically, we demonstrated that GDF-15 decreased the excitability of small-diameter dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons. Furthermore, GDF-15 concentration-dependently suppressed tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channel Nav1.8 currents, and shifted the steady-state inactivation curves of Nav1.8 in a hyperpolarizing direction. GDF-15 also reduced window currents and slowed down the recovery rate of Nav1.8 channels, suggesting that GDF-15 accelerated inactivation and slowed recovery of the channel. Immunohistochemistry results showed that activin receptor-like kinase-2 (ALK2) was widely expressed in DRG medium- and small-diameter neurons, and some of them were Nav1.8-positive. Blockade of ALK2 prevented the GDF-15-induced inhibition of Nav1.8 currents and nociceptive behaviors. Inhibition of PKA and ERK, but not PKC, blocked the inhibitory effect of GDF-15 on Nav1.8 currents. These results suggest a functional link between GDF-15 and Nav1.8 in DRG neurons via ALK2 receptors and PKA associated with MEK/ERK, which mediate the peripheral analgesia of GDF-15.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Animals , Ganglia, Spinal , Growth Differentiation Factor 15 , Rats , Sensory Receptor Cells , Sodium Channels , Tetrodotoxin/pharmacology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921805

ABSTRACT

In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-linear ion trap/electrostatic field orbit trap combined-type mass spectrometry(UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) was used to analyze the main active components of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Decoction(HQGZ). A total of 50 active components were identified from HQGZ and 108 potential targets of the components related to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis were retrieved based on network pharmacology, including 87 key targets, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. The result indicated that HQGZ may exert therapeutic effects mainly through the sphingolipid signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor(TNF) signaling pathway, as well as the positive regulation of ribonucleic acid(RNA) polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcription, inflammatory response and other biological processes. At the same time, cell experiment was performed to verify the key proteins in the TNF signaling pathway. The results demonstrated that HQGZ significantly reduced the expression of caspase-3(CASP3), TNF, relaxed(RELA) protein, and IkappaB kinase beta(IKBKB) in fibroblast-like synoviocytes induced by TNF-α. The results of UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS, network pharmacology and cell experiment showed that the active components in HQGZ may inhibit inflammatory response and regulate immune function and cell apoptosis by modulating key proteins in TNF signaling pathway to treat rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Synoviocytes
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921685

ABSTRACT

To investigate the changes of bile acid(BA) levels in mice with sleep deprivation and the regulatory effect of Jiaotai Pills(JTP) on bile acid metabolism, this study established an ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method for simultaneous determination of 23 BAs in mice. A total of 24 ICR mice were randomized into normal group, model group, and JTP group. Mice in the model group and JTP group were deprived of sleep at 20 h·d~(-1) by sleep deprivation apparatus for 8 consecutive days. Mice in the JTP group were given(ig, qd) JTP 3.3 g·kg~(-1) and those in the normal group and model group received(ig) the same volume of purified water. UPLC conditions are as follows: Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), gradient elution with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid in water-methanol. MS conditions are as below: negative-ion electrospray ionization, multiple reaction monitoring(MRM). Thereby, the content of 23 BAs in serum, liver, and ileum was determined and methodological investigation of the method was performed. The results showed that 23 BAs could be accurately determined within 15 min and the correlation coefficients were all higher than 0.99. The precision, accuracy, specificity, reproducibility, matrix effect, and recovery of BAs all met the requirement. The levels of BAs were significantly increased in the serum, liver, and ileum of sleep-deprived mice, but JTP can significantly reduce the levels. The UPLC-MS/MS method is simple, rapid, and accurate, which can be used for the determination of 23 BAs in biological samples, and JTP can adjust the elevated BA levels of sleep-deprived mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Reproducibility of Results , Sleep , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921642

ABSTRACT

This study intends to develop a high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection(HPLC-DAD) method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, 2-hydroxymethyl-3-hydroxyl-1-butene-4-O-β-D-(6″-O-caffeoyl)-glucopyranoside, pubescenoside B, huazhongilexone-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, isochlorogenic acid B, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid C in Ilex hainanensis. The HPLC conditions are as follows: Waters XBridge C_(18 )column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), mobile phase of 0.5% formic acid in water(A)-acetonitrile(B), gradient elution(0-8 min, 5%-12% B; 8-18 min, 12%-18% B; 18-30 min, 18%-25% B; 30-40 min, 25%-30% B; 40-42 min, 30%-80% B; 42-45 min, 80% B) at the flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), detection wavelengths of 282, 324, and 360 nm, column temperature of 25 ℃, and injection volume of 5 μL. The content of the 8 phenols in 8 samples was 0.30-6.29, 0.29-3.27, 0.15-10.4, 0.51-5.85, 0.49-9.02, 0.51-4.68, 1.93-13.4, and 0.87-5.95 mg·g~(-1), respectively. Moreover, the content of phenols in the samples collected in October was higher than that of samples harvested in other months. The established method is accurate and sensitive for the determination of phenols in I. hainanensis, which is useful for the quality improvement of this herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ilex , Phenols
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