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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928002

ABSTRACT

This study expounded the great impacts of excess energy intake and oxidative inflammation on national health in China and put forward the pathological mirror-image hypothesis of the relationship between obesity and oxidative inflammation. On this basis, an ideological framework was constructed to deal with oxidative stress and oxidative inflammation centered on the development of natural antioxidant products. The study contained the following four parts: the ways to improve national health in China; the promotion of cognition to oxidative inflammation to improve national health in China; prospects for the prevention and treatment of oxidative inflammation in China; the reason why Northwest Yunnan is a good place to develop high-quality natural antioxidants.


Subject(s)
China , Energy Intake , Humans , Inflammation , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921873

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to assess the protective value of adiponectin (APN) in pancreatic islet injury induced by chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). Methods Sixty rats were randomly divided into three groups: normal control (NC) group, CIH group, and CIH with APN supplement (CIH+APN) group. After 5 weeks of CIH exposure, we conducted oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and insulin released test (IRT), examined and compared the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) levels, reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, enzymes gene expression levels of


Subject(s)
Adiponectin/genetics , Animals , Hypoxia , Islets of Langerhans , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Rats , Rats, Wistar
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878877

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma(RRR) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, with extensive pharmacological effects and clinical applications. This paper summarized processing history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical compositions and pharmacological effects, and provided feasible insights for further studies on the chemical compositions and pharmacological effects of RRR before and after processing. Relevant information demonstrated that RRR has a long history of processing and various methods. At pre-sent, Chinese Pharmacopoeia mainly records four processing methods: cleaning(raw RRR), wine processing(RRR stir-fried with wine), steaming processing(RRR wine steaming), fried charcoal(RRR charring). RRR has a good effect in clearing heat effect, hemostatic effect and blood promoting effect, and its main chemical components are anthraquinone/anthrones, stilbene, phenylbutanone, chromogens, flavonoids and tannin compounds. This paper reviewed the history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical composition and pharmacological changes, and put forward further study ideas, with the aim to provide a basic reference for processing mechanism, effective material basis and clinical application of RRR.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Wine
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873337

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix membranaceus is first recorded in Shennong Bencaojing, which has the effect in replenishing Qi and rising Yang, strengthening the body surface resistance, inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, and supporting for detoxication and tissue generation. As an essential medicine for invigorating Qi and invigorating the spleen, it is often used in diseases, such as Qi deficiency and fatigue, spleen deficiency diarrhea and so on, and has been well known by doctors. In recent years, scholars have a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms in replenishing Qi, invigorating spleen and promoting water. However, Tao Hongjing first recorded that Astragali Radix membranaceus can " clear the evil blood between the five organs" . In Bencaojing Jizhu, this herbal medicine has the effect in promoting blood circulation at the same time. At present, traditional Chinese medicine often explains the mechanism of this herbal medicine in promoting blood circulation based on the theory of " replenishing Qi and activating blood circulation" and " blood circulation due to Qi circulation" , which however is not equivalent to the fact that this herbal medicine has no blood circulation effect. By summarizing the records of Astragali Radix membranaceus in the herbal literatures of the previous dynasties, it was found that its promoting blood circulation effect was widely used. In summary of the applications of traditional prescriptions and modern prescriptions in promoting blood circulation, Astragali Radix membranaceus can remove obstruction and activate blood circulation, activate blood and promote diuresis, activate blood circulation and strengthen the body resistance, which can best reflect the effect in activating blood circulation of this medicine. Modern pharmacology shows that Astragali Radix membranaceus has a good regulatory effect on the molecular mechanism of blood stasis pathological indexes by activating blood circulation. Due to no in-depth research, there is still room for study. Therefore, this paper thoroughly explores the mechanism of action of Astragali Radix membranaceus in promoting blood circulation by summarizing the effects of Astragali Radix membranaceus in literatures of previous dynasties and modern pharmacological studies, in order to expand the clinical application of Astragali Radix membranaceus and provide theoretical guidance for clinical treatment.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 36-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872443

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics and significances of gene mutations in pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and to provide evidence for targeted medication.Methods:High throughput sequencing based target-capture sequencing was performed in 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma to detect the mutational status of 56 cancer-related genes. All patients were diagnosed in the First People's Hospital of Kunshan from May 2017 to August 2018. The mutational characteristics of pulmonary adenocarcinoma was analyzed and compared with European and American pulmonary adenocarcinoma populations. The correlations between mutational characteristics and clinical features were analyzed, and the mutation sites for targeted medication were screened.Results:Among 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma, totally 34 mutational genes were detected in 84 patients (81%, 84/104). Highly frequent mutations included epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (49%, 51/104), TP53 (21%, 22/104), KRAS (13%, 14/104), and BRAF (6%, 6/104). Among all the 187 variants, 76% (142/187) were non-synonymous missense mutations, 13% (24/187) were small fragment deletions, 6% (12/187) were copy number variants, 3% (5/187) were small fragment insertions, and 2% (4/187) were nonsense site mutations. Among 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 34 targeted drug-associated mutations of 13 genes were detected in 68 patients (65%), and 19 (18%) patients harbored ≥ 2 targeted drug-associated mutations. EGFR mutations were more common in female patients than in male patients [62% (34/55)vs. 35% (17/49), χ 2= 7.629, P= 0.006], while KRAS mutations were more frequent in male patients than in female patients [22% (11/49) vs. 5% (3/55), χ 2= 6.424, P= 0.011]. The mutation frequencies of gene EGFR, TP53, KRAS, and CDKN2A in Chinese single-center (the First People's Hospital of Kunshan) and European and American adenocarcinoma populations were significantly different (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The molecular mutational characteristics of pulmonary adenocarcinoma are complex, and vary greatly among different populations. High throughput sequencing-based multiple-gene detection can reveal its mutational features comprehensively, and that has important roles in personal targeted medication guidance, drug-resistance monitoring and prognosis evaluation.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 885-889, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866923

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS) refers to the rapid decrease in cardiac output in a short period of time, and it leads to severe insufficient perfusion of various organs and causes systemic microcirculatory dysfunction, which is the most common cause of the death of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). At present, the main strategy for clinical treatment of AMI-CS is revascularization, which reduces the mortality of AMI-CS. However, myocardial ischemia and reperfusion can cause ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, induce myocardial mitochondrial dysfunction, and a large amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis of cardiomyocytes is the main reason of cardiomyocyte death during reperfusion injury. This article summarizes the role of mitochondrial in AMI-CS, which focus on three aspects of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening, mitochondrial autophagy and mitochondrial fusion/division. It is expected to provide new ideas for clinical AMI-CS and identify potential complications targets.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine plasma metabonomic profiles of rats with early sepsis, to find the differential metabolites and related metabolic pathways of sepsis at different time points, and to reveal the pathophysiological changes of sepsis rats in the early stage.Methods:Fifteen 8-week-old male SD rats were randomly (random number) divided into the sham operation group (S group, n=6) and sepsis group (C group, n=9). Sepsis rat model was established by cecal ligation and puncture, and rats in the sham operation group only freed the cecum but without ligation and perforation. Plasma was collected from orbital blood at 2, 6 and 12 h after modeling, and metabonomics was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The endogenous metabolites were identified by comparing the standard ion fragment spectrum library of NIST database and Feihn metabonomics database. Multivariate regression analysis was carried out through MetaboAnalyst4.0, including principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) to identify the changes of metabolites, screen the related differential metabolites ( P<0.05, fold change>1.5, VIP >1.5), and then further analyze the related metabolic pathways through KEGG. Results:The PCA and PLS-DA pattern recognition showed that there was a cluster type distribution between the sepsis group and sham operation group at each time point, as well as between sepsis group at different time points. Fourteen, 25 and 21 differential metabolites were respectively detected between S2 h/C2 h group, S6 h/C6 h group and S12 h/C12 h group. The related signal pathways of differential metabolites were starch and sucrose metabolism and galactose metabolism at 2 h; starch and sucrose metabolism, galactose metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism and aminoacyl tRNA biosynthesis at 6 h; and galactose metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, alanine, aspartic acid and glutamate metabolism, D-glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism, and vitamin B6 metabolism at 12 h.Conclusions:The plasma metabolites of sepsis rats in the early stage show significant dynamic differences, and the changes of plasma metabolites may be involved in the pathophysiological process of sepsis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905769

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the relationship between cervical curvature and spinal drift distance after laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation, and its effect on clinical outcome. Methods:From January, 2017 to October, 2018, a total of 117 patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) underwent laminectomy with lateral mass screw fixation, and 90 of them completed the follow-up. According to the patients' cervical curvature (CC), they were divided into three groups: those CC between 0° to 5° were in Group A (n = 28), 5° to 16.5° in Group B (n = 36) and CC > 16.5° in Group C (n = 26). The spinal drift distance, nerve recovery, axial symptoms and C5 palsy were recorded and analyzed. Results:There were significant differences in CC and spinal drift distance (F > 152.119,P < 0.001), and no significant difference was found in laminectomy width and incidence of C5 palsy (P > 0.05) among three groups. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score significantly increased in all the groups post operation and at the last follow-up (t > 8.869,P < 0.001), and no significant difference was found among there groups at the same time (P > 0.05), as well as the incidence of C5 palsy (F = 0.472,P = 0.625). There was significant difference in the score of Visual Analogue Scale of axial symptoms among three groups (F > 34.800,P < 0.001), which was lower in groups B and C than in group A (t > 5.845,P< 0.001), and no significant differene was found between group B and group C. Conclusion:On the basis of the same laminectomy width, the greater the CC was, the more favorable the spinal drift went backwards. The loss of CC was related to the occurrence of axial symptoms, but was not correlated with the neurological recovery and C5 palsy.

9.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 36-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799301

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics and significances of gene mutations in pulmonary adenocarcinoma, and to provide evidence for targeted medication.@*Methods@#High throughput sequencing based target-capture sequencing was performed in 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma to detect the mutational status of 56 cancer-related genes. All patients were diagnosed in the First People's Hospital of Kunshan from May 2017 to August 2018. The mutational characteristics of pulmonary adenocarcinoma was analyzed and compared with European and American pulmonary adenocarcinoma populations. The correlations between mutational characteristics and clinical features were analyzed, and the mutation sites for targeted medication were screened.@*Results@#Among 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma, totally 34 mutational genes were detected in 84 patients (81%, 84/104). Highly frequent mutations included epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (49%, 51/104), TP53 (21%, 22/104), KRAS (13%, 14/104), and BRAF (6%, 6/104). Among all the 187 variants, 76% (142/187) were non-synonymous missense mutations, 13% (24/187) were small fragment deletions, 6% (12/187) were copy number variants, 3% (5/187) were small fragment insertions, and 2% (4/187) were nonsense site mutations. Among 104 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma, 34 targeted drug-associated mutations of 13 genes were detected in 68 patients (65%), and 19 (18%) patients harbored ≥ 2 targeted drug-associated mutations. EGFR mutations were more common in female patients than in male patients [62% (34/55)vs. 35% (17/49), χ2= 7.629, P= 0.006], while KRAS mutations were more frequent in male patients than in female patients [22% (11/49) vs. 5% (3/55), χ2= 6.424, P= 0.011]. The mutation frequencies of gene EGFR, TP53, KRAS, and CDKN2A in Chinese single-center (the First People's Hospital of Kunshan) and European and American adenocarcinoma populations were significantly different (all P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The molecular mutational characteristics of pulmonary adenocarcinoma are complex, and vary greatly among different populations. High throughput sequencing-based multiple-gene detection can reveal its mutational features comprehensively, and that has important roles in personal targeted medication guidance, drug-resistance monitoring and prognosis evaluation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the occurrence of serious adverse events (SAEs) related to chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 734 children with ALL. They were treated with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen from January 2015 to June 2019. The occurrence of SAEs during the treatment was investigated. The children with SAEs were divided into a death group with 25 children and a survival group with 31 children. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for death after the SAEs.@*RESULTS@#Among the 734 children with ALL, 56 (7.6%) experienced SAEs (66 cases) after chemotherapy, among which 41 cases occurred in the stage of remission induction therapy. Of all 66 cases of SAEs, 46 (70%) were infection-related SAEs, including 25 cases of septic shock (38%), 20 cases of severe pneumonia (30%), and 1 case of severe chickenpox (2%), and 87% of the children with infection-related SAEs had neutrophil deficiency. The most common infection sites were blood and the lungs. The most common pathogens were Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, fungi, and Gram-positive bacteria. There were 16 cases (24%) of hemorrhage-related SAEs, with 11 cases of gastrointestinal bleeding (17%), 4 cases of pulmonary bleeding (6%), and 1 case of intracranial bleeding (2%). Of all 734 children with ALL, 66 (9.0%) died, among whom 25 died due to SAEs. The treatment-related mortality rate was 3.4%, and infection (72%) and bleeding (24%) were the main causes of death. Severe pneumonia was an independent risk factor for treatment-related death in ALL children (OR=4.087, 95%CI: 1.161-14.384, P=0.028).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAEs often occur in the stage of remission induction therapy, and infection-related SAEs are more common in ALL children accepting chemotherapy with CCCG-ALL-2015 regimen. The development of severe pneumonia suggests an increased risk for death in these children.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Child , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Humans , Neutrophils , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846711

ABSTRACT

The characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) have promoted the development of TCM in the treatment of chronic metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes related to insulin resistance. However, the ambiguity of their corresponding mechanisms has greatly limited the modernization, internationalization and industrialization of Chinese materia medica (CMM). With the rapid development of second-/three-generation gene sequencing technologies, gut microbiota has become a hotspot and a new approach to study the mechanisms of CMM. Therefore, in this review, we explored the relationship between gut microbiota, metabolites of gut microbiota and insulin resistance, and then analyzed the research progress of CMM in regulating gut microbiota to improve insulin resistance by formulae, herb pair, single herb and active ingredients, so as to provide new thoughts for studying the mechanism of CMM.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777513

ABSTRACT

The Cd stress of Chrysanthemum indicum was treated by different concentrations of Cd Cl2 solution in the culture substrate. The content of Cd in different parts of Ch. indicum and the content of buddleoside and the total flavonoids in Ch. indicum were determined. The absorption characteristics of Cd elements in Ch. indicum were analyzed. And the influence of Cd elements on the quality of the herbs. The results showed that the application of soil Cd in the range of 0-100 mg·kg~(-1) had no significant effect on the biomass of Ch. indicum,and the root-shoot ratio showed a decreasing-increasing-decreasing trend. The content of Cd in different parts of Ch. indicum was significantly different,and the content of aboveground part was higher than that of underground part. The enrichment factors of Cd elements in different parts of Ch. indicum are different. The enrichment coefficient of aboveground parts is larger than that of underground parts. The whole parts and plants show an increase first and then decrease,and the overall enrichment factor is greater than1. The transfer coefficient of the aerial part/underground part of Ch. indicum showed a decreasing-increasing-decreasing-increasing trend with the increase of the amount of Cd applied in the soil,and the transfer coefficient was higher than 1. The contents of buddleoside and total flavonoids in Ch. indicum after Cd stress treatment were lower than the control,and the overall performance was lower and then increased,but it was still significantly lower than the control,indicating that Cd pollution directly led to the decrease of chemical quality of Ch. indicum.


Subject(s)
Cadmium , Chrysanthemum , Flavonoids , Soil , Soil Pollutants
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744247

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of cordycepin on the motor and cognition in Parkinson disease mice induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP).METHODS:C57BL/6 mice were intraperitoneally injected with MPTP at a dose of 30 mg/kg daily for consecutive 8 d to establish the model of Parkinson disease.HE staining was used to observe the cell number in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) from the mice.Western blot was used to detect the protein level of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in substantia nigra (SN).The effects of cordycepin on the motor, emotional change and cognitive behavior of the Parkinson disease mice were examined by open-field test (OFT) , spontaneous alternating behavior (SAB) and water maze test (WMT) , respectively.RESULTS:Cordycepin significantly reduced the apoptosis of cells in SNpc and reversed the decrease in the expression of TH in SN induced by MPTP (P<0.05).Furthermore, cordycepin was able to improve the average speed in OFT (P<0.05) , and increased the total number of arm entry and the accuracy in SAB (P<0.05) , but had no obvious effect on the latency in WMT.CONCLU-SION:Cordycepin is capable of attenuating the impairments of motor and explorative ability in the early stage of Parkinson disease mice, but does not alter the cognitive dysfunction.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664818

ABSTRACT

Hydrogen sulfide ( H2S ) has been confirmed as a significant endogenous gaseous signaling molecule involved in various physiological processes.To monitor H2S in living cells, a F?rster resonance energy transfer ( FRET) ratiometric probe based on quantum dot-cresyl violet was developed.In this work, quantum dot nanospheres ( QDS) were firstly synthesiZed via a facile ultrasonication emulsion strategy, and the mixture chloroform solution containing hydrophobic quantum dots and COOH-functionaliZed amphiphilic polymer were successfully transferred into the oil-in-water micelle.The negatively charged quantum dot nanospheres with quantum dots embedded in the polymer matrixes were successfully fabricated after the evaporation of chloroform.And then, these quantum dot nanospheres were condensed with positively charged cresyl violet-aZide ( CV-N3 ) via electrostatic interaction to obtain the QDS-N3 complexes.The as-prepared QDS-N3 complexes were monodispersed nanospheres with an average diameter of about 120 nm.These complexes were taken up by the cell through endocytosis, and they were still stable even in wide pH range.In addition, the QDS-N3 complexes exhibited no cellular toxicity which was verified by MTT assay.In this ratiometric probe, CV-N3 as a FRET acceptor was conjugated to quantum dot nanospheres.The quantum dots emitted at 591 nm and served as the FRET donor;once the aryl aZide on the CV-N3 was reduced to aniline by H2S, the probe emitted at 620 nm.The ratiometric probe allowed the elimination of interference of excitation intensity, intracellular environment and other factors.Furthermore, this method also offered a general protocol for preparing nanosensors for monitoring various small molecular in living cells.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696977

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of resistance training on the rehabilitation of hand joint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods Selecting 66 cases of the stable phase of rheumatoid arthritis (ra) patients in a rheumatoid immunology outpatient of a general hospital in Beijing during October 2016 to March 2017 ,33 patients were randomly divided into control group and 33 patients into intervention group by using random number. Exercise instruction of routine finger operation in control group;The intervention group was guided by trained nurses with finger exercises and resistance training. Two groups of patients were tested before and after 3 months of exercise, and both hands were tested and the patients were recorded with their hands. The patients were evaluated by the Signals of Functional Impairment(SOFI). Results Before exercise, the grip strength, morning stiffness time, SOFI score in the control group were:60.0(43.0,100.5) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), 45.0(30.0,60.0)min,2.0(1.0,3.0),and in the intervention group they were:85.0(49.3,108.7) mmHg,45.0(30.0,60.0) min,2.0(1.0,3.0),the differences between two groups of had no statistical significance (Z=-1.488,-0.609,-0.118, P>0.05). After three months of exercise, the grip strength, morning stiffness time, SOFI score in the control group were:60.0 (40.5,102.7) mmHg,30.0(10.0,45.0) min,1.0(1.0,2.0),and in the intervention group they were:89.5(56.0, 119.0) mmHg,10.0(5.0,15.0) min,1.0(0.0,1.0),the differences between two groupshad statistical significance (Z=-2.412,-3.668,-2.998,P<0.05).This showed that the grip strength was significantly increased compared with the control group,while the morning stiffness of the intervention group was significantly lower than the control group, and SOFI was significantly reduced compared with the control group, and all the differences were statistically significant. The results also showed that in the control group, the grip force did not change significantly three months later, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05), but in the intervention group, the grip strength was significantly higher three months later, and the morning stiffness and SOFI were significantly reduced in the group, and the differences were statistically significant (Z=-4.865,-5.508,-4.711, P<0.05). Conclusions The effect of anti-resistance training on the function of hand joint in rheumatoid arthritis patients is better than that of conventional finger operation, especially in improving the grip strength.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695614

ABSTRACT

Objective·To examine the seasonality of post-traumatic wound infection (PWI) and surgery site infection (SSI) from the perspectives of occurrence and microbiological distribution.Methods·The cumulative incidences of PWI and SSI in different seasons were respectively calculated and compared in a cohort of 2 177 patients who sustained open-wounded injuries in the upper or lower extremity and a cohort of 11 809 patients receiving selective orthopedic operation from 2013 to 2015 in Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital.Multifactorial linear regression was used to measure the influence of meteorological parameters on PWI incidence.Moreover,the microbiological distribution of PWI and SSI was analyzed on a seasonal basis.Results·The incidence of PWI in the patients was 2.20% from 2013 to 2015,and there were significant seasonal patterns (1.04% in spring,3.52% in summer,3.10% in autumn,0.71% in winter,P=0.004).The incidence of SSI was 0.21%,and there was no seasonal difference (P=0.809).Only average temperature (P=0.002,β=0.016) was correlated with the occurrence of PWI in multifactorial linear regression analysis.Microbiological analysis revealed the dominance of Gram-negative bacteria in SSI cases during the summer and autumn (P=0.021).However,this trend was not observed in PWI cases (P=0.694).Conclusion·There is a seasonal pattern in PWI occurrence with peaks in summer and auturrm,which is correlated with temperature.There is no seasonal difference in SSI incidence,but SSI cases were dominantly infected by Gram-negative bacteria in summer and autumn.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694563

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pharmacokinetics and pharmacokinetics of torsemide in children with acute heart failure.Methods Ninety cases of children with acute heart failure patients were randomly divided into three groups which were given different intravenous therapy doses of torsemide. Our goal is to provide the basis for clinical rational therapy by analyzing parameter of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacokinetics of torsemide which is acquired by detecting plasma concentration of torsemide with liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry after a one-time medication. Result Average pharmacokinetic parameters of the three groups in addition to the peak concentration (Cmax) and medication in the area under the curve (AUC0-16) are different (P<0.01), the rest of the pharmacokinetic parameters had no significant difference (P>0.05) . The 24 hours urine volume of the experimental groupⅡand the experimental groupⅢwere obviously higher than that of the experimental groupⅠ, so the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01).The 24 hours urine volumes between the experimental group Ⅱ and the experimental group Ⅲ were no significant difference (P> 0.05).There was no significant change in blood pressure, weight, abdominal girth, blood potassium, blood sodium and blood chlorine in the three dose groups compared with those before the treatment. There was no significant difference between the three groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion The children with acute heart failure were well tolerated with torsemide. The recommended dose of torsemide is 1.0 mg/(kg.d) in the treatment of acute heart failure in children, based on pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739492

ABSTRACT

Although radiation therapy is a cornerstone of modern management of malignancies, various side effects are inevitably linked to abdominal and pelvic cancer after radiotherapy. Radiation-mediated gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity impairs the life quality of cancer survivors and even shortens their lifespan. Hydrogen has been shown to protect against tissue injuries caused by oxidative stress and excessive inflammation, but its effect on radiation-induced intestinal injury was previously unknown. In the present study, we found that oral gavage with hydrogen-water increased the survival rate and body weight of mice exposed to total abdominal irradiation (TAI); oral gavage with hydrogen-water was also associated with an improvement in GI tract function and the epithelial integrity of the small intestine. Mechanistically, microarray analysis revealed that hydrogen-water administration upregulated miR-1968-5p levels, thus resulting in parallel downregulation of MyD88 expression in the small intestine after TAI exposure. Additionally, high-throughput sequencing showed that hydrogen-water oral gavage resulted in retention of the TAI-shifted intestinal bacterial composition in mice. Collectively, our findings suggested that hydrogen-water might be used as a potential therapeutic to alleviate intestinal injury induced by radiotherapy for abdominal and pelvic cancer in preclinical settings.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Down-Regulation , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Hydrogen , Inflammation , Intestine, Small , Mice , Microarray Analysis , Oxidative Stress , Pelvic Neoplasms , Quality of Life , Radiotherapy , Survival Rate , Survivors
19.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 89(1): 92-97, ene.-mar. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-845078

ABSTRACT

Infection is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the newborn and preterm neonates due to immuno-incompetence in these patients. Administration of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) provides immunoglobulin G (IgG) that can protect the body from infection. In theory, morbidity and mortality due to infections in newborns and preterm infants could be reduced by the administration of IVIG. Two meta-analyses were evaluated comparing IVIG to treat various infection versus conventional treatments. The results showed that IVIG is not effective as an adjunctive treatment for suspected or proven infections in neonates.


La infección es la causa principal de la mortalidad y de la morbilidad entre los recién nacidos y los neonatos prematuros debido a la incompetencia inmunológica de estos pacientes. El suministro de inmunoglobulina por vía intravenosa brinda la inmunoglobulina G que protege al cuerpo humano de las infecciones. En términos teóricos, la morbilidad y la mortalidad por infecciones en recién nacidos y en bebés prematuros, podrían reducirse si se administra inmunoglobulina G intravenosa. Se evaluaron dos meta-análisis que comparaban el uso de la inmunoglobulina G intravenosa para tratar diversas infecciones con los tratamientos convencionales. Los resultados demostraron que dicha inmunoglobulina no es eficaz como tratamiento adyuvante para combatir sospechas de infección o infecciones comprobadas en los recién nacidos.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 523-526, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621503

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of neural-nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in renal clear cell carcinoma and its clinical significance.Methods The expression of nNOS mRNA in 533 samples of TCGA database was analyzed with Student t test,and statistical analysis was performed to assess the relationship between nNOS expression and clinical prognosis with Kapla-Meier test.Western blot analysis of nNOS protein expression in 10 cases of clear cell renal cell carcinoma(ccRCC) from department of urology of Wuhan union hospital with student t test.Results The mRNA levels of nNOS in 72 cases of ccRCC in tumor tissues and adjacent tissues and were 2.99 ± 0.28 and-1.57 ± 0.17,it is significantly lower than those in adjacent tissues (P < 0.01).The mRNA levels of nNOS in 533 cases of ccRCC,in tumor tissues and adjacent tissues and were 2.99 ± 0.28 and-1.76 ± 0.05,it is significantly lower than those in adjacent tissues (P < 0.01).A total of 533 sample studies showed a low correlation between nNOS expression and clinical T stage,T1-1.59 ±0.08,T2-1.96 ±0.13,T3-1.90 ±0.09,T4-2.38 ±0.28 (P =0.0029) and -1.63 ±0.06 and-2.16 ± 0.13 between non-metastasis and no-metastasis (P =0.0009),and-1.57 ± 0.08 and-2.03 ± 0.11 between non-recurrence and recurrence (P =0.008).Survival analysis showed that the overall survival time were (40.3 ± 5.6) months and (48.3 ± 5.7) months in lower and higher nNOS expression,and disease free survival time were (37.1 ± 2.1) months and (40.3 ± 5.6) months in lower and higher nNOS expression,both with shorter time in low expression of nNOS (P < 0.01).nNOS proteins were 1.02 ± 0.16 and 0.61 ± 0.1 1 in tumor tissues and adjacent tissues with significantly lower expression(P<0.05).Conclusions The mRNA and protein of nNOS are lower in ccRCC with a poor prognosis of ccRCC.

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