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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 60-70, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970502

ABSTRACT

In this study, five polysaccharides from Lycium barbarum(LBPs)(LBP-1-LBP-5) were selectively extracted by different extraction methods, and the chemical composition, structural characteristics, and biological activities of LBPs were explored. The results of chemical composition analysis showed that alkaloids were not detected in the five LBPs. The total polysaccharide content was(81.95%±1.6%)-(92.96%±0.76%), the uronic acid content was(8.26%±0.46%)-(24.81%±0.46%), and the protein content was(0.06%±0.03%)-(1.35%±0.13%). The monosaccharide compositions of the five LBPs were basically same, mainly including glucose, xylose, and galactose. However, there was significant difference in the content ratio of different monosaccharide. The results of infrared spectra analysis indicated that the five LBPs had typical infrared spectral characteristics of polysaccharides. The results of nuclear magnetic resonance characteristic spectrum analysis revealed that the five LBPs had two configurations of α and β. Meanwhile, there were triple helix structures in LBP-2, LBP-3, and LBP-4, which enhanced the activities of polysaccharides. The results of activities screening suggested that the biological activities of the five LBPs were significantly different. LBP-3 showed the highest lipid oxidation clearance rate, and its antioxidant activity was equivalent to that of the positive control group. The inhibitory rate of LBP-4 on α-amylase and its activation rate of alcohol dehydrogenase were better than those of other fractions, and the inhibitory rate of LBP-4 on α-amylase was slightly higher than that of the positive control group when the mass concentration was 10 g·L~(-1). LBP-2 showed stronger inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase and hyaluronidase. This study provides references for the precise development and utilization of LBPs.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Lycium/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Polysaccharides/chemistry , Monosaccharides
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 692-697, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986196

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the occurrence of recompensation conditions in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis after entecavir antiviral therapy. Methods: Patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis with ascites as the initial manifestation were prospectively enrolled. Patients who received entecavir treatment for 120 weeks and were followed up every 24 weeks (including clinical endpoint events, hematological and imaging indicators, and others) were calculated for recompensation rates according to the Baveno VII criteria. Measurement data were compared using the Student t-test or Mann-Whitney U test between groups. Categorical data were compared by the χ (2) test or Fisher's exact probability method between groups. Results: 283 of the 320 enrolled cases completed the 120-week follow-up, and 92.2% (261/283) achieved a virological response (HBV DNA 20 IU/ml). Child-Pugh and MELD scores were significantly improved after treatment (8.33 ± 1.90 vs. 5.77 ± 1.37, t = 12.70, P < 0.001; 13.37 ± 4.44 vs. 10.45 ± 4.58, t = 5.963, P < 0.001). During the 120-week follow-up period, 14 cases died, two received liver transplants, 19 developed hepatocellular cancer, 11 developed gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, and four developed hepatic encephalopathy. 60.4% (171/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months) and 56.2% (159/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months and improved liver function) of the patients had achieved clinical recompensation within 120 weeks. Patients with baseline MELD scores > 15 after active antiviral therapy achieved higher recompensation than patients with baseline MELD scores ≤15 [50/74 (67.6%) vs. 109/209 (52.2%), χ (2) = 5.275, P = 0.029]. Conclusion: Antiviral therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis. The majority of patients (56.2%) had achieved recompensation. Patients with severe disease did not have a lower probability of recompensation at baseline than other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hepatitis B/drug therapy
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 684-687, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986194

ABSTRACT

Cirrhosis recompensation is a new concept proposed in recent years to describe the clinical stage of the overall reversal of patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The recompensation of cirrhosis is discussed here from the perspective of clinical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
4.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 747-762, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999981

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Existing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prediction models are derived mainly from pretreatment or early on-treatment parameters. We reassessed the dynamic changes in the performance of 17 HCC models in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) during long-term antiviral therapy (AVT). @*Methods@#Among 987 CHB patients administered long-term entecavir therapy, 660 patients had 8 years of follow-up data. Model scores were calculated using on-treatment values at 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 4.5, and 5 years of AVT to predict threeyear HCC occurrence. Model performance was assessed with the area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC). The original model cutoffs to distinguish different levels of HCC risk were evaluated by the log-rank test. @*Results@#The AUROCs of the 17 HCC models varied from 0.51 to 0.78 when using on-treatment scores from years 2.5 to 5. Models with a cirrhosis variable showed numerically higher AUROCs (pooled at 0.65–0.73 for treated, untreated, or mixed treatment models) than models without (treated or mixed models: 0.61–0.68; untreated models: 0.51–0.59). Stratification into low, intermediate, and high-risk levels using the original cutoff values could no longer reflect the true HCC incidence using scores after 3.5 years of AVT for models without cirrhosis and after 4 years of AVT for models with cirrhosis. @*Conclusions@#The performance of existing HCC prediction models, especially models without the cirrhosis variable, decreased in CHB patients on long-term AVT. The optimization of existing models or the development of novel models for better HCC prediction during long-term AVT is warranted.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3389-3399, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999075

ABSTRACT

Based on the idea of modification of sugar drugs, or transforming other active substances with sugar molecules, sixteen D-glucosamine-fluoroquinolone (FQ) derivatives were designed by combining D-glucosamine with FQs and synthesized by a multi-step reaction with shared intermediates. The assay results of anti-human pathogenic bacteria and anti-citrus canker showed that the inhibitory activities of two target molecules TM2b and TM2d against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC14125 were stronger than those of all tested positive control drugs, and the inhibitory rates of target molecules TM2m and TM2n against citrus canker were higher than that of the positive control streptomycin at the concentrations of 0.5 and 0.2 µg·mL-1, respectively, which all were worthy of further study. In this study, a series of novel molecules composed of D-glucosamine and FQs were synthesized for the first time, and super antibacterial molecules were found, which expanded the types and biological activities of D-glucosamine derivatives.

6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 37-50, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971609

ABSTRACT

The twenty-first century has already recorded more than ten major epidemics or pandemics of viral disease, including the devastating COVID-19. Novel effective antivirals with broad-spectrum coverage are urgently needed. Herein, we reported a novel broad-spectrum antiviral compound PAC5. Oral administration of PAC5 eliminated HBV cccDNA and reduced the large antigen load in distinct mouse models of HBV infection. Strikingly, oral administration of PAC5 in a hamster model of SARS-CoV-2 omicron (BA.1) infection significantly decreases viral loads and attenuates lung inflammation. Mechanistically, PAC5 binds to a pocket near Asp49 in the RNA recognition motif of hnRNPA2B1. PAC5-bound hnRNPA2B1 is extensively activated and translocated to the cytoplasm where it initiates the TBK1-IRF3 pathway, leading to the production of type I IFNs with antiviral activity. Our results indicate that PAC5 is a novel small-molecule agonist of hnRNPA2B1, which may have a role in dealing with emerging infectious diseases now and in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , COVID-19 , Hepatitis B virus , Interferon Type I/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B/antagonists & inhibitors
7.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 250-261, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001403

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The gastrointestinal symptom of diabetes mellitus, chronic constipation, seriously affects patients’ life. Whereas, the mechanism of chronic constipation is still ambiguous, resulting in a lack of effective therapies for this symptom. As a part of the smooth muscle cells, interstitial cells of Cajal, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha-positive (PDGFRα+ ) cells syncytium (SIP syncytium), PDGFRα+ cells play an important role in regulating colonic motility. According to our previous study, in PDGFRα+cells in colons of diabetic mice, the function of the P2Y1 purinergic receptor/type 3 small-conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK3) channel signaling pathway is strengthened, which may lead to colonic dysmotility. The purpose of this study is to investigate the changes in SK3 channel properties of PDGFRα+ cells in diabetic mice. @*Methods@#Whole-cell patch clamp, Western blotting, superoxide dismutase activity measurement, and malondialdehyde measurement were main methods in the present study. @*Results@#The present study revealed that when dialysed with low calcium ion (Ca 2+ ) solution, the SK3 current density was significantly decreased in PDGFRα+ cells from diabetic mice. However, the SK3 current density in PDGFRα+ cells was enhanced from diabetic mice when dialysed with high Ca 2+ solution. Moreover, hydrogen peroxide-treatment mimicked this phenomenon in SK3 transgenic HEK293 cells. The subunit of SK3 channels, protein kinase CK2, was up-regulated in colonic muscle layers and hydrogen peroxidetreated HEK293 cells. Additionally, protein phosphatase 2A, the subunit of SK3 channels, was not changed in streptozotocin-treated mouse colons or hydrogen peroxide-treated HEK293 cells. @*Conclusion@#The diabetic oxidative stress-induced upregulation of CK2 contributed to modulating SK3 channel sensitivity to Ca 2+ in colonic PDGFRα+ cells, which may result in colonic dysmotility in diabetic mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 457-462, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923440

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To study the clinical characteristics of patients with partial and transitional atrioventricular septal defects (P/TAVSDs) in our hospital, and to evaluate the early follow-up outcomes from a real-world research perspective. Methods    The clinical data of all patients diagnosed with P/TAVSDs from January 1, 2018 to July 12, 2020, in our hospital were collected, and all patients' examination results were used as the real-world follow-up data, univariable Cox risk proportional model was used to analyze the outcomes. A total of 93 patients were finally included in the analysis, 72 with partial and 21 with transitional AVSD. There were 38 males and 55 females at age of 182.0 months (20.0 d to 779.5 months). Results    Univariable Cox proportional risk model suggested that at least one cardiac malformation (HR=15.00, 95%CI 3.00 to 75.00, P=0.001), preoperative moderate or greater mitral regurgitation (HR=6.60, 95%CI 1.70 to 26.00, P=0.007), and preoperative moderate or greater tricuspid regurgitation (HR=13.00, 95%CI 3.10 to 51.00, P<0.000 1) were  risk factors for moderate or greater postoperative atrioventricular valve regurgitation. Conclusion    Children with coarctation of the aorta or partial pulmonary vein connection, moderate or greater preoperative mitral regurgitation, and moderate or greater preoperative tricuspid regurgitation need to be alerted to the risk of moderate or greater postoperative atrioventricular valve regurgitation. Real-world data, with relaxed statistical P values and combined expertise, can suggest clinical conclusions that are close to those of high-quality retrospective studies.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 268-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940444

ABSTRACT

Intestinal flora is the largest microbial community in human body, which consists of more than 1 000 species. Its structure and metabolites change dynamically with the age, diet and intestinal environment of the host. Study shows that the intestinal microbes play a pivotal role in regulating human physiological and pathological processes, and intestinal flora imbalance may be the key factors affecting the occurrence and development of bone and joint diseases, including osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gouty arthritis. At present, calcitonin, estrogen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, xanthine oxidase inhibitors and other western drugs are mostly used to treat the above diseases. However, long-term use of western drugs leads to poor compliance and obvious gastrointestinal adverse reactions among patients. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) predominates in the treatment of bone and joint diseases due to its low price, high efficacy and slight side effects, with the advantages of multi-targets, multi-mechanism and multi-levels. In recent years, many scholars have carried out experiments and clinical studies on the treatment of bone and joint diseases by TCMs on the basis of the liver and kidney theory such as "tonifying liver and kidney and strengthening muscles and bones". Gratifying results have been achieved. However, the mechanism of action has not been fully clarified. Intestinal flora becomes a hot spot in medical research, and a close relationship between intestinal flora and bone and joint diseases has been unveiled. Relevant literature in China and abroad showed that TCM has a significant effect on the treatment of bone and joint diseases by regulating intestinal flora. In this paper, the relationship between intestinal flora and bone and joint diseases was summarized and the intervention of TCM active ingredients and compounds on intestinal flora was reviewed to facilitate the prevention and treatment of bone and joint diseases by TCM.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1845-1855, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887001

ABSTRACT

Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) is one of the most difficulties in the studies of cardiovascular diseases, and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation in cells is the main cause of it. Reducing ROS level by antioxidant drugs to protect cardiomyocytes is being the spotlight on MIRI treatment. In this review, the research progress of antioxidant drugs in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in recent years was summarized.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2525-2529, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904982

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is one of the most common and severe adverse drug reactions in humans, which may lead to liver failure and even death in some patients. Liver injury caused by different drugs has various clinical manifestations and severities, and most patients with DILI have no symptoms or have mild symptoms. There are various typing methods for DILI based on clinical features, course of disease, and pathogenesis. According to the R value, DILI can be classified into hepatocellular injury type (R ≥5), cholestasis type (R ≤2), and mixed type (2 < R < 5); according to the course of the disease, DILI can be classified into acute DILI and chronic DILI; according to the pathogenesis, DILI can be classified into intrinsic DILI, idiosyncratic DILI, and indirect DILI. A comprehensive understanding of the clinical manifestations and typing methods of DILI helps to reveal its pathogenesis and perform diagnosis and treatment in a timely manner.

12.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1160-1166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904644

ABSTRACT

@#Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death and their diagnosis and treatment rely heavily on the variety of clinical data. With the advent of the era of medical big data, artificial intelligence (AI) has been widely applied in many aspects such as imaging, diagnosis and prognosis prediction in cardiovascular medicine, providing a new method for accurate diagnosis and treatment. This paper reviews the application of AI in cardiovascular medicine.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 435-440, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876073

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To sum up the experience of the primary modified single-patch (MSP) technique applied in our hospital for children with complete atrioventricular septal defect (CAVSD). Methods    The clinical data of 141 children who underwent primary MSP technique for CAVSD between June 2009 and December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, including 62 males and 79 females with a median age of 6 (3, 11) months and a median weight of 5.8 (4.5, 7.0) kg. According to Rastelli classification, there were 116 patients in type A, 14 in type B and 11 in type C. Among them, 15 patients were diagnosed with Down’s syndrome. Cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross clamp time, atrioventricular valve regurgitation and other clinical data were recorded during and after operation. Results    Postoperatively, 17 patients suffered from severe left atrioventricular valve regurgitation (LAVVR) and 6 patients severe right atrioventricular valve regurgitation (RAVVR). In the follow-up period, 5 patients suffered from severe LAVVR and 1 patient severe RAVVR. Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) appeared in 1 patient during follow-up period and none at the end of follow-up. There were 5 early deaths and 2 late deaths. Twelve patients underwent reoperation with a median interval time of 268 (8, 1 270) days. Conclusion    MSP technique is a wise surgical strategy for CAVSD children with good outcomes, improved postoperative mortality and decreased atrioventricular valve regurgitation.

14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 138-144, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942877

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of oxaliplatin plus capecitabine (CapeOX) or oxaliplatin plus S-1 (SOX) regimen neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Clinical data of patients diagnosed as advanced gastric cancer undergoing CapeOX/SOX neoadjuvant chemotherapy and standard laparoscopic radical operation for gastric cancer in Ruijin Hospital of Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from April 2016 to April 2019 were retrospectively collected. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) age≥18 years; (2) gastric adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histopathology and the clinical stage was T3-4aN+M0; (3) tumor could be resectable; (4) preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy was CapeOX or SOX regimen without radiotherapy or other regimen chemotherapy; (5) no other concurrent malignant tumor; (6) the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score ≤ 1; (7) no bone marrow suppression; (8) normal liver and kidney function. Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with recurrent gastric cancer; (2) patients receiving emergency surgery due to tumor perforation, bleeding, obstruction, etc.; (3) allergy to oxaliplatin, S-1, capecitabine or any drug excipients; (4) diagnosed with coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy, or the New York Heart Association class III or IV; (5) pregnant or lactating women. A total of 118 patients were enrolled as the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group, and 379 patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who received surgery combined with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy over the same period simultaneously were included as the adjuvant chemotherapy group. After propensity score matching was performed including gender, age, ECOG score, tumor site, clinical stage, chemotherapy regimen and other factors by 1:1 ratio, there were 40 cases in each group. The differences between the two groups in general conditions, efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, intraoperative conditions, postoperative conditions, histopathological results, chemotherapy-related adverse events, and survival status were compared and analyzed. Results: Comparison of baseline demographics between the two groups showed no statistically significant difference (all P>0.05). In the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group, 5.0% (2/40) of patients achieved clinical complete response, 57.5% (23/40) achieved partial response, 32.5% (13/40) remained stable disease, and 5.0% (2/40) had disease progression before surgery. Objective response rate was 62.5% (25/40), and disease control rate was 95.0% (38/40). There were no statistically significant differences between neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and adjuvant chemotherapy group in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, number of lymph node harvested, length of postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative mortality and morbidity (all P>0.05). Postoperative complications were well managed with conservative treatment. No Clavien-Dindo IV or V complications were observed in both groups. Pathological results showed that the proportion of patients with pathological stage T1 in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group was significantly higher than that in the adjuvant chemotherapy group [27.5% (11/40) vs. 5.0% (2/40)], while the proportion of patients with pathological stage T3 was significantly lower than that in the adjuvant chemotherapy group [20.0% (8/40) vs. 45.0% (18/40)], with statistically significant difference (χ(2)=15.432, P=0.001). In the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group, there were 4 cases of tumor regression grade 0, 8 cases of grade 1, 16 cases of grade 2, and 12 cases of grade 3. The pathological complete response rate was 10% (4/40), the overall pathological response rate was 70.0% (28/40). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of chemotherapy-related adverse events between neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and adjuvant chemotherapy group [40% (16/40) vs. 37.5% (15/40), P>0.05). There were no statistically significant differences in OS (43 months vs. 40 months) and 3-year OS rate (66.1% vs. 59.8%) between neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and adjuvant chemotherapy group (P=0.428). The disease-free survival (DFS) and 3-year DFS rates of the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group were significantly superior to those of the adjuvant chemotherapy group (36 months vs. 28 months, 51.4% vs. 35.8%, P=0.048). Conclusion: CapeOX or SOX regimen neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a safe, effective and feasible treatment mode for advanced gastric cancer without increasing surgical risk and can improve the DFS of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Capecitabine/administration & dosage , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Combinations , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Oxaliplatin/administration & dosage , Oxonic Acid/administration & dosage , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery , Tegafur/administration & dosage , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3779-3790, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922440

ABSTRACT

PEGylated-l-asparaginase (PEG-ASNase) is a chemotherapeutic agent used to treat pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Its use is avoided in adults due to its high risk of liver injury including hepatic steatosis, with obesity and older age considered risk factors of the injury. Our study aims to elucidate the mechanism of PEG-ASNase-induced liver injury. Mice received 1500 U/kg of PEG-ASNase and were sacrificed 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after drug administration. Liver triglycerides were quantified, and plasma bilirubin, ALT, AST, and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were measured. The mRNA and protein levels of genes involved in hepatic fatty acid synthesis,

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 449-456, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912304

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed at analyzing risk factors associated with surgical outcomes of neonatal total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in our center.Methods:A total of 105 neonates who underwent surgical repair for TAPVC from January 1st, 2009 to January 1st, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The anatomical types of TAPVC included supracardiac 42(40%, 42/105), cardiac 21(20%, 21/105), infracardiac 36(34.3%, 36/105), and mixed 6(5.7%, 6/105). The Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to analyze the risk factors related to postoperative pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) and mortality. Kaplan- Meier analysis was used to analyze the overall survival rates. Results:Twenty-six patients (24.8%, 26/105) were diagnosed with preoperative PVO. The 30-day, 1 year, and 5 years survival rate was 92.4%, 86.7%, and 86.7% respectively. Postoperative PVO occurred in 17 patients (16.2%, 17/105). Preoperative acidosis, low surgical weight, prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time, increasing postoperative central venous pressure (CVP), and reoperation were risk factors associated with mortality. Preoperative acidosis ( P<0.001), prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time ( P<0.001), and increasing postoperative CVP ( P=0.005) were independent risk factors for mortality. Mixed TAPVC, preoperative acidosis, low surgical age, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, postoperative pulmonary arterial hypertension were risk factors associated with postoperative PVO. Prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time ( P=0.029), postoperative pulmonary arterial hypertension ( P<0.001), and mixed TAPVC ( P=0.017) were independent risk factors associated with postoperative PVO. Conclusion:The surgical outcomes of neonatal TAPVC in our center were acceptable, with low mortality rate and incidence of PVO. However, neonates with preoperative acidosis, prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time, and increased postoperative CVP had a poor prognosis. Patients with mixed TAPVC were at increased risk for postoperative PVO.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-233, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906041

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis (OP) is one of the most common diseases in the aged population worldwide. Due to the rapid change in world population structure, the effective prevention and treatment of OP is increasingly becoming the health problem of global concern and also the hot spot of clinical research. OP can be affected by many factors such as heredity, endocrine dyscrasia, nutritional deficiency, and bad living habits. The breakdown of coupling of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption to osteoblast-mediated bone formation leads to stronger bone resorption than bone formation, which is currently recognized as the main pathogenesis of OP. The exploration of OP in modern medicine based on molecular immunology has revealed that related cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of OP,and regulating the osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation is essential for controlling the occurrence and development of OP. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are able to stimulate bone formation and inhibit osteoblast function, thus playing a key role in bone destruction. By contrast, such cytokines as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) strengthen osteoblast differentiation and promote bone formation. At present, western medicine like calcitonin, estrogen, and bisphosphonate are mostly used for clinical treatment of OP, but a long-term use of these drugs will result in poor compliance and obvious gastrointestinal adverse reactions. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) occupies an important position in the treatment of OP due to its advantages of overall regulation, low price, and few side effects. In addition, with the deepening of research on network pharmacology and molecular biology, it has been found that TCM exerts the therapeutic effect against OP by interfering with the expression of various cytokines and adjusting bone homeostasis. This paper has elaborated the role of related cytokines in the pathogenesis of OP and reviewed the research results concerning the regulation of related cytokines by TCM, in order to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of OP with TCM.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 682-690, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881243

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To quest the risk factors of poor prognoses in children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) during perioperative period and evaluate its clinical application values. Methods    A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 119 children who underwent one-stage correction of TOF in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from September 2016 to January 2019. The cohort includes 75 males and 44 females, with ages ranging from 3.2-137.1 (13.2±1.4) months and weights ranging from 4.6-21.0 (8.3±0.2) kg. Perioperative poor prognosis was defined as duration of mechanically assisted ventilation >48 h or secondary intubation, vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) within 48 h >40, postoperative length of stay >14 d, and the occurrence of the major adverse events. Major adverse events were defined as early death, malignant arrhythmia, low cardiac output syndrome, non-fatal cardiac arrest, postoperative reintervention, diaphragm paralysis, and other clinical complications. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to analyze the correlation between risk factors and poor prognoses. Results    There was 1 perioperative death, and 9 with major adverse events. Variables selected by Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) included 2 preoperative variables (McGoon index, aortic root diameter index) and 4 intra-operative variables [left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, total length of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) incision index, pulmonary valve with commissurotomy, and minimum temperature in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)]. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to the above factors, respectively. The variables with statistical significance (P≤0.05) were McGoon index, aortic root diameter index, left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, and minimum temperature in CPB. A nomogram was established based on the above factors, and the results showed that the left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve was more risky than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. The lower the McGoon index, the higher aortic root diameter, and the lower temperature in CPB, the higher risk of poor prognostic events in children with TOF. Conclusion    The left-right direction of the pulmonary bicuspid valve has a higher risk of poor prognosis than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. With the smaller McGoon index and the larger aortic root diameter, the risk of poor prognoses in children with TOF is higher. The temperature in CPB being lower than medium-low temperature obviously relates to the high incidence of poor prognostic events, which can be used as an auxiliary reference standard for decision-making in pediatric TOF surgery in the future.

19.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 690-695, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867647

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with imported corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing City.Methods:A case-control study was performed to retrospectively analyze 69 cases of imported COVID-19 from abroad and 147 cases of domestic confirmed COVID-19 from China as a control group from January 20 to March 20, 2020 admitted to Beijing Ditan Hospital, Capital Medical University.The epidemiological and clinical characteristics were compared.Statistical analysis were performed by t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and Fisher exact test. Results:The main sources of the cases in the import group were from the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain and other European countries, with 44.9%(31/69) of the overseas students entering the country by air. The age of the imported group (27(21, 40) years) was lower than the domestic group (43 (32, 59)years), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( U=2 828.500, P<0.01). Compared with the domestic group, the proportion of cases with contact history of confirmed cases in the imported group was lower (30.4%(21/69) vs 68.0%(100/147)), the interval between onset and admission ≤seven days was higher (81.2%(56/69) vs 66.0%(97/147)), the proportion of cases with underlying diseases was lower (21.7%(15/69) vs 44.2%(65/147)). The differences between the two groups were all statistically significant ( χ2=26.935, 5.233 and 10.175, respectively, all P<0.05). The proportion of mild cases in the imported group was higher than that in the domestic group (42.0%(29/69) vs 10.9%(16/147)). Seventeen cases with olfactory abnormality and 12 cases with taste abnormality were found in the imported group, while no olfactory and taste abnormality was found in the domestic group. The proportions of fever, weakness, muscle soreness and dyspnea were all lower than those of the domestic group, the differences between the two groups were all statistically significant ( χ2=13.851, 8.118, 9.730 and 16.255, respectively, all P<0.01). The proportions of cases with decreased lymphocyte absolute numbers (37.7%(26/69) vs 67.3%(99/147)) and increased C reactive protein level (15.9%(11/69) vs 51.8%(72/139)) were both lower than the domestic group, and the differences between the two groups were both statistically significant ( χ2=18.015 and 24.722, respectively, both P<0.01). The proportions of cases with ground glass shadow and consolidation of chest computed tomography were lower than those of the domestic group and the differences between the two groups were all statistically significant ( χ2=11.961 and 5.099, respectively, all P<0.05). In terms of complications, the proportions of cases with acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute myocardial injury were lower (2.9%(2/69) vs 10.9%(16/147) and 4.3%(3/69) vs 14.0%(16/114), respectively), and there were statistically significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=4.017 and 4.335, respectively, both P<0.05). There were no cases received mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in the imported group, and the proportions of patients received oxygen therapy and antibiotic treatment were significantly lower than those in the domestic group (13.0%(9/69) vs 26.5%(39/147) and 13.0%(9/69) vs 39.5%(58/147), respectively) and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( χ2=4.942 and 15.797, respectively, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The majority of imported COVID-19 cases are mainly from European countries, mostly young and middle-aged, and mostly mild and ordinary types.The symptoms of olfactory and taste abnormality are found for the first time.

20.
Ultrasonography ; : 152-158, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835308

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to document the time of onset of ultrasonographic and histologic changes in the testes of a rat model following testicular torsion. @*Methods@#Twenty-five Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups. All animals underwent preoperative Doppler ultrasonography. Groups 1, 2, and 3 underwent unilateral surgical torsion of the testis lasting for 72, 24, and 6 hours, respectively. Group 4 underwent a sham operation. The animals were followed with Doppler ultrasonography at 6, 24, 48, and 72 hours postoperatively. Histologic examinations were performed at the designated final time point for each group. @*Results@#After torsion, enlargement of the epididymal head and thickening of the spermatic cord over time were noted. Based on the ultrasonographic dimensions, the ratio of the epididymal volume increased with time following torsion (p=0.002). The torsed testes had an average weight gain of 0.27 g at 6 hours compared to the control testes, but an average weight loss of 0.22 g at 72 hours (P=0.006). Changes in testicular echotexture were noted as soon as 6 hours after torsion, but there was no consistent pattern of echotexture change thereafter. Histologically, viable tubules were seen 6 hours after torsion, while extensive hemorrhagic necrosis was found at 72 hours. @*Conclusion@#In evaluating testicular torsion, the enlargement ratio of the epididymis and thickening of the spermatic cord on Doppler ultrasonography may be useful for determining the urgency of immediate surgery. Changes in testicular echotexture may not be a reliable indicator of the time of onset.

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