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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 183-187, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005442

ABSTRACT

Four pyrazines were isolated from the n-butanol fraction of Hypecoum erectum L. by using various chromatographic methods, including MCI gel, ODS, silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified as hyperectpyrazin A (1), 1′S-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-ethane-1′,2′-diol (2), 2-hydroxymethyl-6-methylpyrazin (3) and pyrazine-2-carboxylic acid (4) by spectroscopy methods (1D NMR, 2D NMR, UV, IR, MS, etc.). The absolute configuration of compound 2 was determined by using the Mo2(OAc)4 induced CD analysis for the first time. Compound 1 was a new compound, compounds 2-4 were isolated from H. erectum for the first time. Compounds 1-4 were evaluated for their inhibition against acetylcholinesterase and nitric oxide generation induced by lipopolysaccharide-RAW264.7 macrophage cells. At a concentration of 50 μmol·L-1, compounds 2 and 4 displayed inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase with the inhibition rates of 44.40% and 43.99%, respectively.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 678-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of omeprazole on pharmacokinetic parameters of imatinib in rats. METHODS According to body weight, the rats were divided into imatinib+low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose omeprazole groups, imatinib group, with 6 rats in each group. They were given omeprazole suspension at the doses of 1.8, 3.6 and 7.2 g/kg, or 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose solution intragastrically respectively; one hour later, imatinib suspension was administered by oral gavage at a the dose of 10 mg/kg. Blood sample (100 μL) was taken from the orbit before and 0.5, 1, 2, 2.5, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 24 and 36 hours after intragastric administration of imatinib. Using imatinib-d3 as internal standard, the plasma concentrations of imatinib and its metabolite N-desmethyl imatinib in rat were determined by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0 software and compared. RESULTS Compared with imatinib group, AUC0-∞ and AUMC0-∞ of imatinib in rat plasma of imatinib+medium-dose omeprazole group, cmax, t1/2, AUC0-∞ and AUMC0-∞ of imatinib in rat plasma of imatinib+high-dose omeprazole group were all increased or prolonged significantly (P<0.05). Compared with imatinib group, AUC0-∞ and AUMC0-∞ of N-desmethyl imatinib in rat plasma of imatinib+medium-dose omeprazole group, and cmax and AUC0→∞ of N-desmethyl imatinib in rat plasma of imatinib+high-dose omeprazole group were decreased significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Omeprazole may increase the plasma concentration of imatinib in rats and reduce the plasma concentration of N-desmethyl imatinib in rats, which may be associated with inhibiting the metabolism of imatinib.

3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1535-1542, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the characteristics and analyze risk factors for surgical items count near-miss errors stemming from the self-incident reports of staff nurses from operating room, to reduce the risk of counting surgical items and prevent the occurrence of the relative adverse events.Methods:This was a retrospective study. Used the self-made checklist to retrospect the surgical items count errors, relative characteristics and reasons from the operating room nurses of Department of Anesthesiology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University reported from January 2017 to December 2021. Grey Relational Analysis was used to analyze and identify the risk elements.Results:A total of 98 surgical items count near-miss errors were reported by nurses.The unclear items were mainly classified into 6 categories, of which 52.04% (51/98) were disposable surgical items, 24.49% (24/98) were fine parts of surgical instruments, 14.28% (14/98) were implants, 5.10% (5/98) were electrosurgical instruments, 3.06% (3/98) were power systems, and 1.02% (1/98) were medical lasers; the disposable surgical items were the highest risk of surgical items count near-miss errors (non-standard behaviors of surgeons ξ 1=0.333); among the 9 risk factors, non-standard behaviors of surgeons ( r1 = 0.673), instrument nurses improper operation ( r4 = 0.691) and surgeons errors ( r2 = 0.693) were the most important influence factors. Conclusions:Analyzing the possible system risk factors resulting from the near-miss error could be a useful method for nurses to generate hierarchical risk-control strategies and improve surgical items count safety for patients. This com prerent the occurrence of adverse events.

4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 181-190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971249

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effects on short-term clinical outcomes and long-term quality of life of laparoscopic-assisted radical proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis versus total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction. Methods: This was a propensity score matching, retrospective, cohort study. Clinicopathological data of 184 patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction admitted to two medical centers in China from January 2016 to January 2021 were collected (147 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University and 37 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University). All patients had undergone laparoscopic-assisted radical gastrectomy. They were divided into two groups based on the extent of tumor resection and technique used for digestive tract reconstruction. A proximal gastrectomy with reconstruction by esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group comprised 82 patients and a total gastrectomy with reconstruction by Roux-en-Y anastomosis group comprised 102 patients. These groups differed significantly in the following baseline characteristics: age, preoperative hemoglobin, preoperative albumin, tumor length, tumor differentiation, and tumor TNM stage (all P<0.05). To eliminate potential bias caused by unequal distribution between the two groups, 1∶1 matching was performed by the nearest neighbor matching method. The 13 matched variables comprised sex, age, height, body mass, body mass index, preoperative glucose, preoperative hemoglobin, preoperative total protein, preoperative albumin, neoadjuvant radiotherapy, tumor length, degree of differentiation, and pathological TNM stage. Postoperative complications, postoperative nutritional status, incidence of reflux esophagitis 1 year after surgery, and quality of life were compared between the two groups. Results: After propensity score matching, 60 patients each were enrolled in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis groups. The baseline characteristics were comparable between these groups (all P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in operative time, intraoperative bleeding, time to semifluid diet, postoperative hospital days, tumor length, and total hospital costs (P>0.05). Patients in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group had earlier postoperative gastric tube and abdominal drainage tube removal time than those in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group (t=-2.183, P=0.023 and t=-4.073, P<0.001, respectively). In contrast, significantly fewer lymph nodes were cleared and significantly fewer lymph nodes were positive in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group than in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group (t=-5.754, P<0.001 and t=-2.575, P=0.031, respectively). The incidence of early postoperative complications was 43.3% (26/60) in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group; this is not significantly higher than the 26.7% (16/60) in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group (χ2=3.663,P=0.056). The incidences of pulmonary infection (31.7%, 19/60) and pleural effusion (30.0%, 18/60) were significantly higher in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group than in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group (13.3%, 8/60 and 8.3%, 5/60, respectively); these differences are significant (χ2=8.711, P=0.003 and χ2=11.368, P=0.001, respectively). All early complications were successfully treated before discharge. The incidence of long-term postoperative complications was 20.0% (12/60) in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group and 35.0% (21/60) in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group; this difference is not significant (χ2=3.386,P=0.066). The incidence of reflux esophagitis was 23.3% (14/60) in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group; this is significantly higher than the 1.7% (1/60) in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group (χ2=12.876, P<0.001). Body mass index had decreased significantly in both groups 1 year after surgery compared with preoperatively; however, the difference between the two groups was not significant (P>0.05). The differences in hemoglobin and albumin concentrations between 1 year postoperatively and preoperatively were not significant (both P>0.05). Quality of life was assessed using the Visick grade. Visick grade I dominated in both groups. The percentage of patients with Visick II and III in the total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis group was 11.7% (7/60), which is significantly lower than the 33.3% (20/60) in the proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis group (χ2=8.076, P=0.004). No patients in either group had a grade IV quality of life. Conclusions: Both proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis laparoscopic-assisted radical surgery for adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction are safe and feasible. However, both procedures have their own advantages and disadvantages in terms of postoperative complications. The incidence of reflux esophagitis is higher after proximal gastrectomy with esophageal gastric tube anastomosis, whereas the long-term quality of life is lower than that of patients after total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Esophagitis, Peptic , Quality of Life , Propensity Score , Gastrectomy/methods , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 119-125, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971010

ABSTRACT

The hemodynamic characteristics of venous reflux are associated with infertility in patients with varicocele; however, an effective method for quantifying the structural distribution of the reflux is lacking. This study aimed to predict surgical outcomes using a new software for venous reflux quantification. This was a retrospective cohort study of a consecutive series of 105 patients (age range: 22-44 years) between July 2017 and September 2019. Venous reflux of the varicocele was obtained using the Valsalva maneuver during scrotal Doppler ultrasonography before microsurgical varicocelectomy. Using this software, the colored reflux signals were segmented, and the gray scale of the color pixels representing the reflux velocity was comprehensively quantified into the mean reflux velocity of the green layer (MRVG) and the reflux velocity standard deviation of the green layer (RVSDG). Spontaneous pregnancy and changes from baseline in the semen parameters were assessed during a 12-month follow-up period. Data were analyzed using logistic regression analysis. An association of the high MRVG group with impaired progressive motility (odds ratio [OR] = 2.868, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.133-7.265) and impaired sperm concentration (OR = 2.943, 95% CI: 1.196-7.239) was found during multivariate analysis. High MRVG (OR = 2.680, 95% CI: 1.086-6.614) and high RVSDG (OR = 2.508, 95% CI: 1.030-6.111) were found to be independent predictors of failure to achieve pregnancy following microsurgical repair. In summary, intense venous reflux is an independent predictor of impaired progressive motility, sperm concentration, and pregnancy outcomes after microsurgical varicocelectomy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Varicocele/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Semen , Veins/surgery , Sperm Count , Infertility, Male/surgery , Microsurgery/methods , Sperm Motility
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 753-761, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze clinical characteristics and survival time of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), detect prognosis-related markers, and establish a nomogram prognostic model of clinical factors combined with biomarkers.@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty-seven patients with DLBCL were included in this study from January 2014 to March 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. The expression of GCET1, LMO2, BCL-6, BCL-2 and MYC protein were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC), then the influences of these proteins on the survival and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to gradually screen the prognostic factors in nomogram model. Finally, nomogram model was established according to the result of multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The positive expression of GCET1 protein was more common in patients with Ann Arbor staging I/II (P =0.011). Compared with negative patients, patients with positive expression of LMO2 protein did not often show B symptoms (P =0.042), and could achieve better short-term curative effect (P =0.005). The overall survival (OS) time of patients with positive expression of LMO2 protein was significantly longer than those with negative expression of LMO2 protein (P =0.018), though the expression of LMO2 protein did not correlate with progression-free survival (PFS) (P >0.05). However, the expression of GCET1 protein had no significant correlation with OS and PFS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that nomogram model consisted of 5 prognostic factors, including international prognostic index (IPI), LMO2 protein, BCL-2 protein, MYC protein and rituximab. The C-index applied to the nomogram model for predicting 4-year OS rate was 0.847. Moreover, the calibrated curve of 4-year OS showed that nomogram prediction had good agreement with actual prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The nomogram model incorporating clinical characteristics and IHC biomarkers has good discrimination and calibration, which provides a useful tool for the risk stratification of DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Nomograms , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Relevance , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Transcription Factors , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 28-36, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971403

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the long-term outcomes of patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in dysphonia treated with lateral vocal fold autologous fat injection. To analyze the factors that may affect the long-term efficacy of the procedure. Methods: From July 2003 to June 2020, 163 patients (86 males and 77 females), aged 9-73 years (mean (34.50±12.94) years) with unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in dysphonia underwent transoral laryngoscopic injection of autologous fat into the lateral vocal folds. Subjective auditory perception assessment (GRBAS scale), objective acoustic assessment, voice handicap index (VHI) evaluation and stroboscopic laryngoscopy were compared before and after the surgery. Patients were followed up for 1 to 18 years, with median follow-up time of 6 years. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Of 163 patients, 17 patients (10.4%) had mild hoarseness (G1) and 146 patients (89.6%) had moderate to severe hoarseness (G2-3). Stroboscopic laryngoscopy revealed an arch-shaped vocal fold on the affected side, fixed in the paramedian position or abduction position, with obvious glottic closure fissure. Postoperatively, voice recovered to normal (G0) in 139 patients (85.3%), mild hoarseness (G1) in 18 patients (11.0%) and moderate hoarseness (G2) in 6 patients (3.7%). Of these, 131 patients (80.4%) showed significant improvement in hoarseness, 29 patients (17.8%) showed mild improvement and 3 patients (1.8%) showed no significant improvement in hoarseness. Objective acoustic parameters of Jitter, Shimmer, NHR and MPT improved significantly, as did VHI scores. Stroboscopic laryngoscopy showed medialization of the affected vocal folds, improved vocal fold closure and normal or nearly normal vocal fold mucosal waves. With a fat injection volume of 3.0-4.5 ml, the patient's subjective auditory perception scores of G, R, B and A improved more significantly within 3 months after surgery, and both VHI and MPT were significantly better since 1 year after surgery. With bilateral vocal fold injection, the B and A scores improved significantly from 1 month postoperatively compared to unilateral injections(unilateral vs. bilateral injection 1 month post-operation, tB scores=1.42,tA scores=1.51,P<0.05). Conclusions: The long-term efficacy of autologous fat injection in the paraglottic space for the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis was stable. The efficacy of the surgery was related to the amount of fat injected, unilateral or bilateral of the injection.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Vocal Cords/surgery , Dysphonia/surgery , Hoarseness , Treatment Outcome , Vocal Cord Paralysis/surgery
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2601-2609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999010

ABSTRACT

Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) is an important member of the phosphodiesterase enzyme family that specifically catalyzes the hydrolysis of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), activates the downstream phosphorylation cascade pathway by altering cAMP concentration, and is strongly associated with multiple diseases. Inhibition of PDE4 is clinically investigated as a therapeutic strategy in a broad range of disease areas, including respiratory system diseases, autoimmune disorders, central nervous system diseases, and dermatological conditions. However, the incidence of adverse reactions such as nausea and vomiting is relatively high in the marketed PDE4 inhibitors, which has stalled their clinical development. In this review, we provide an overview of the clinical progression and safety issues of the marketed PDE4 inhibitors. We also review the main causes underlying PDE4-mediated adverse effects by combining the structural analysis of the PDE4 protein, the mechanism of action of PDE4 inhibitors, and the related side effect mechanism research, aiming to provide a reference for the development of safe and effective PDE4 inhibitors.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 343-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927976

ABSTRACT

A UHPLC-Q Exactive Orbitrap MS method was used to analyze the chemical constituents of the classical prescription Qianghuo Shengshi Standard Decoction(QHSS). UHPL conditions were as follows: Waters~(TM) UPLC~(TM) HSS T3 C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) and mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution. Mass spectrometry data of QHSS, each herb extract, and negative sample were collected in both positive and negative ion modes. The chemical constituents of QHSS were identified or tentatively identified based on the accurate molecular weight, retention time, MS fragmentation, comparison with reference substances, and literature reports. A total of 141 compounds were identified, including 18 amino acids, oligosaccharides, oligopeptides, and their derivatives, 19 phenolic acids, 44 coumarins, 18 flavonoids and chromones, 13 saponins, 17 phthalides, and 12 other components. This study comprehensively characterized the chemical constituents of QHSS, laying an experimental basis for the in-depth research on the material basis and quality control of QHSS.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Mass Spectrometry , Quality Control
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 324-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935390

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between obesity status and death stratified by different multi-morbidity status in older adults in China. Methods: Data for older Chinese adults aged ≥65 years were from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). Multi-morbidity patterns based on 13 chronic conditions were explored using exploratory factor analysis. Cox models were used to examine relationships between obesity status and death stratified by disease count and multi-morbidity patterns at baseline, respectively. Besides, obesity status was defined by baseline body mass index and waist circumference. Results: A total of 6 272 participants were included in the analyses. Multi-morbidity including cardio-metabolic, sensory perception and other patterns were identified. For those without any chronic condition, compared with those without central obesity, central obesity was associated with a higher risk for death (HR=1.66, 95%CI:1.04-2.66). For those only with one chronic condition, compared with normal weight, underweight was associated with a higher risk for death (HR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.10-1.80). For those with multi-morbidity, compared with normal weight, underweight increased the risk for death (HR=1.19, 95%CI:1.05-1.34). Compared with those without central obesity, central obesity decreased the risk for death (HR=0.88, 95%CI:0.78-0.99). Conclusions: Relationships between obesity status and death varied by multi-morbidity status in older adults in China. Underweight and non-central obesity were associated with increased risks for death in older adults with only one chronic disease or multi-morbidity. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to multi-morbidity status in the management of obesity in older adults and provide effective targeted body weight management plan.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Multimorbidity , Obesity/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Waist Circumference
11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 389-394, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931086

ABSTRACT

With the increase of aging population, the rising demand for cataract surgery, along with the growing demand for post-operative visual quality, the concept of refractive cataract surgery has been put forward, which places more emphasis on the cataract surgical precision.In order to improve the spectacle independence rate, optimize the surgical experience, and obtain the best visual quality, new technologies involving all aspects of cataract surgery are emerging.Ophthalmologists should pay close attention to the updates of biometry measurement, types and design principles of intraocular lens, application of femtosecond technology, surgical assistant system and perioperative management concept, so as to improve the precision and accuracy of cataract surgery.

12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 308-311, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human tumor suppressor folliculin (FLCN) on the expression of melanocyte chemokines (MC) mediated by immune factors in vitiligo.Methods:The MC of vitiligo patients that received autologous melanocyte transplantation in the Department of Dermatology, Hangzhou Third People′s Hospital from January to April 2019 were collected. The blister fluid of the white spot and the normal part was taken. Western blot was used to analyze the expression difference of MC and FLCN protein in normal, vitiligo patients and that induced by immune factors; FLCN shRNA lentivirus was constructed by shRNA and transfected into normal MC (FLCN shRNA MC) to interfere with the expression of silenced FLCN gene. The effect of immune factors on chemokines in FLCN shRNA MC was detected by ELISA.Results:The results of Western blot showed that FLCN protein was highly expressed in melanocytes of vitiligo patients, immune factors stimulated FLCN protein expression in normal melanocytes significantly increased ( t=1.27; P<0.001), chemokine CXCL10 and CCL20 also significantly increased ( t=104.53 and 60.21, respectively; P<0.001). The expression of FLCN in FLCN shRNA MC was significantly decreased ( F=1.95, P<0.001); and the high expression of CXCL10 and CCL20 induced by immune factors was significantly inhibited ( F=93.676 and 74.096, all P<0.001). Conclusions:Immune factors can stimulate the expression of CXCL10 and CCL20, which are closely related to vitiligo, while FLCN is a key protein involved in immune factors inducing melanocyte chemokine expression.

13.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 347-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986520

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of preoperative LAR combined with AFP in evaluating the prognosis of patients with HCC. Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 106 patients with HCC. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the survival curve. Univariate analysis was used to analyze possible variables affecting LAR. Cox risk regression model was used to evaluate the clinical value of preoperative LAR and AFP on the prognosis of HCC patients. Results The DFS and OS of the high LAR group and the high AFP group were shorter than those of the low LAR group and the low AFP group (P < 0.05). LAR≥4.58, AFP≥400μg/L and T3-T4 were independent risk factors affecting DFS and OS of HCC patients (P < 0.05). Postoperative interventional surgery was an independent factor influencing OS prolongation (P < 0.05). The DFS and OS were the shortest in the high LAR and high AFP group, and the DFS and OS were the longest in the low LAR and low AFP group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Preoperative LAR and AFP are independent poor prognostic factors of HCC. Preoperative LAR combined with AFP has a certain value in judging the prognosis of HCC patients.

14.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 641-644, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Baixiao moxibustion combined with acupuncture in the treatment of patients with dysmenorrhea of cold coagulation and blood stasis.Methods:A total of 90 patients with dysmenorrhea of cold coagulation and blood stasis who were treated in Huangpu Branch of Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine and met the inclusion criteria were enrolled between January 2019 and January 2020, and they were divided into observation group (47 patients) and control group (43 patients) according to the random number table method. The control group was treated by acupuncture, while the observation group combined Baixiao moxibustion with acpuncture treatment. Both groups were treated for 3 menstrual cycles. Before and after treatment, TCM syndromes were scored, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate pain intensity, and uterine hemodynamics were detected by ultrasonic diagnostic apparatus. The pulsatility index (PI), resistance index (RI) and ratio of peak systole/peak diastole (S/D) were recorded and the clinical efficacy was assessed.Results:The total effective rate was 97.87% (46/47) in observation group and that in control group was 81.40% (35/43), and the difference between two groups were significant ( χ2=6.77, P=0.009). After treatment, the scores of lower abdominal pain, dark blood clots, intolerance of cold and cold limbs and nausea and vomiting as well as VAS scores in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=3.61, 5.60, 6.22, 8.02, 10.36, all Ps<0.01). After treatment, the RI (1.45±0.55 vs. 1.86±0.53, t=3.59), PI (0.61±0.14 vs. 0.77±0.13, t=5.60) and S/D (5.28±1.18 vs. 7.23±1.22, t=7.71) in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Baixiao moxibustion combined with acupuncture can relieve the pain symptoms, improve the TCM syndromes and promote the uterine blood circulation.

15.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 541-550, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939919

ABSTRACT

The rhizome of giant taro (Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott), which is a highly adaptable wild plant, is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine. In the current study, the antiproliferative constituents of giant taro were investigated and six new (1-6) and four known piperidine alkaloids (7-10) were isolated from its rhizomes. Their chemical structures and absolute configurations were elucidated using various spectroscopic methods and the Mosher ester method. The isolated alkaloids were screened for the antiproliferative activity through MTT assay. The results indicated that piperidine alkaloids exerted potential antiproliferative activity against HepG2, AGS and MCF-7 tumor cells. Further researches showed that compounds 3-5 dose-dependently decreased the colony formation rate and induced the apoptosis of AGS cells, while compound 4 induced AGS cell death via the proapoptotic pathway. This study demonstrates that the piperidine alkaloids isolated from giant taro exhibit significant antitumor activity, which provides phytochemical evidence for further development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Alocasia/chemistry , Piperidines/pharmacology , Plants , Rhizome/chemistry
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 924-930, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors and prognosis of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) infection for inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery. Methods:The clinical data of patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection admitted to the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. For each patient with CRKP infection, two patients with non-carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (non-CRKP) infection were selected for matching. A total of 720 patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection were involved, including 444 males and 276 females, aged (58.0±11.6) years old. According to the infection conditions, they were divided into two groups: CRKP group ( n=240) and non-CRKP group ( n=480). The 240 CRKP patients were divided into two subgroups according to their prognosis: death group ( n=34) and survival group ( n=206). The general information, laboratory test results, antibiotic use and infection outcomes of patients were recorded to analyze the risk factors of infection and death after infection. Results:Acute pancreatitis ( OR=3.473, 95% CI: 1.844-6.541), chronic cardiovascular disease before infection ( OR=2.028, 95% CI: 1.228-3.347), chronic renal failure ( OR=1.873, 95% CI: 1.142-3.073), hypoalbuminemia ( OR=3.060, 95% CI: 1.869-5.010), use of carbapenems ( OR=3.882, 95% CI: 2.518-5.985), admission to intensive care unit ( OR=1.783, 95% CI: 1.034-3.075) and surgery within 30 days before infection ( OR=13.463, 95% CI: 7.482-24.223) were independent risk factors for CRKP infection inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery(all P<0.05). Chronic respiratory disease before infection ( OR=3.784, 95% CI: 1.420-10.089), mechanical ventilation ( OR=5.085, 95% CI: 1.436-18.011), disturbance of consciousness ( OR=40.710, 95% CI: 3.564-464.943), hormone therapy ( OR=14.977, 95% CI: 3.819-58.743) and treatment of quinolone antibiotics ( OR=4.102, 95% CI: 1.226-13.726) were independent risk factors for death of inpatients with CRKP infection in hepatobiliary surgery (all P<0.05). The resistance of amikacin, tobramycin, ceftazidime, cefepime, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, co-sulfamethoxazole and piperacillin/tazobactamand in CRKP group were significantly different compared with non-CRKP group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The occurrence of CRKP infection for inpatients in hepatobiliary surgery is related to various factors such as underlying diseases, antibiotic use and self-barrier destruction, and these factors affect the infection outcome of patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1084-1088, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the applicability of the Zhang′s diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis (AD) in adolescents and adults from southern Jiangsu.Methods:A total of 1 769 patients were collected, who were newly diagnosed with eczema or AD in departments of dermatology of 7 hospitals in southern Jiangsu from May 2019 to May 2021. A standardized survey interview was conducted with patients by dermatologists using a self-designed questionnaire, which included patient′s personal information, relevant medical history, clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, etc. Using Hanifin-Rajka criteria as the gold standard, the sensitivity and specificity of the Williams criteria, Zhang′s criteria and Japanese Dermatological Association (JDA) criteria were evaluated, separately.Results:Among the 1 769 patients, there were 759 (42.9%) males and 1 010 (57.1%) females, aged 32.2 ± 8.2 years (range, 12 - 79 years) . Pruritus was the most common clinical feature among the AD patients (883/913, 96.7%) . When using the Hanifin-Rajka criteria as the gold standard, 913 (51.6%) subjects were diagnosed with AD; the sensitivity of Zhang′s criteria reached 92.6% (845/913) , and its specificity was 73.2% (627/856) ; the sensitivity of Williams′ criteria was 87.8% (802/913) , and its specificity was 81.3% (696/856) ; the sensitivity of JDA criteria reached 96.9% (885/913) , and its specificity was 68.9% (590/856) . The consistency in the diagnosis of AD was moderate between the Zhang′s criteria and Williams criteria (Kappa = 0.61, P = 0.009) , was relatively high between the Zhang′s criteria and JDA criteria (Kappa = 0.85, P = 0.001) , and was moderate between the Williams criteria and JDA criteria (Kappa = 0.51, P = 0.013) . Conclusions:Compared with the Hanifin-Rajka criteria, the Zhang′s criteria exhibit good sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of AD among adolescents and adults in southern Jiangsu. However, pruritus remains important for the diagnosis of AD.

18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-280, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious respiratory dysfunction caused by pathogen or physical invasion. The strong induced inflammation often causes death. Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is the major constituent of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and has been shown to display anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of Tan-IIA on ALI.@*METHODS@#A murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI was used. The lungs and serum samples of mice were extracted at 3 days after treatment. ALI-induced inflammatory damages were confirmed from cytokine detections and histomorphology observations. Effects of Tan-IIA were investigated using in vivo and in vitro ALI models. Tan-IIA mechanisms were investigated by performing Western blot and flow cytometry experiments. A wound-healing assay was performed to confirm the Tan-IIA function.@*RESULTS@#The cytokine storm induced by LPS treatment was detected at 3 days after LPS treatment, and alveolar epithelial damage and lymphocyte aggregation were observed. Tan-IIA treatment attenuated the LPS-induced inflammation and reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines released not only by inhibiting neutrophils, but also by macrophage. Moreover, we found that macrophage activation and polarization after LPS treatment were abrogated after applying the Tan-IIA treatment. An in vitro assay also confirmed that including the Tan-IIA supplement increased the relative amount of the M2 subtype and decreased that of M1. Rebalanced macrophages and Tan-IIA inhibited activations of the nuclear factor-κB and hypoxia-inducible factor pathways. Including Tan-IIA and macrophages also improved alveolar epithelial repair by regulating macrophage polarization.@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that while an LPS-induced cytokine storm exacerbated ALI, including Tan-IIA could prevent ALI-induced inflammation and improve the alveolar epithelial repair, and do so by regulating macrophage polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abietanes , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Cytokines , Inflammation/drug therapy , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl/pharmacology
19.
Diabetes & Metabolism Journal ; : 93-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914208

ABSTRACT

Background@#Both type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with an elevated risk of morbidity and mortality yet with increasing heterogeneity. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the prevalence of MetS among adult patients with T1DM in China and investigate its associated risk factors, and relationship with microvascular complications. @*Methods@#We included adult patients who had been enrolled in the Guangdong T1DM Translational Medicine Study conducted from June 2010 to June 2015. MetS was defined according to the updated National Cholesterol Education Program criterion. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio (OR) for the association between MetS and the risk of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). @*Results@#Among the 569 eligible patients enrolled, the prevalence of MetS was 15.1%. While female gender, longer diabetes duration, higher body mass index, and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were risk factors associated with MetS (OR, 2.86, 1.04, 1.14, and 1.23, respectively), received nutrition therapy education was a protective factor (OR, 0.46). After adjustment for gender, age, diabetes duration, HbA1c, socioeconomic and lifestyle variables, MetS status was associated with an increased risk of DKD and DR (OR, 2.14 and 3.72, respectively; both P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Although the prevalence of MetS in adult patients with T1DM in China was relatively low, patients with MetS were more likely to have DKD and DR. A comprehensive management including lifestyle modification might reduce their risk of microvascular complications in adults with T1DM.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1980-1987, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879118

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is an important feature of cancer treatment in China. The methods to tap the advantages of TCM, reasonably evaluate and accurately apply Chinese patent medicines have become current research hotspots and difficulties. TCM takes syndrome differentiation and treatment as the core, with the characteristics of overall regulation and multi-targets efficacy. Therefore, the post-marketing survival benefit evaluation of Chinese patent medicines for cancer is different from that in modern medicine. The primary treatment goals in cancer patients include to improve the disease control rate and prolong their survival time. At present, Chinese patent medicines for cancer patients are lacking indepth studies on survival benefit at the post-marketing stage. In addition, the characteristics of individualized treatment with TCM have also increased the complexity of clinical research on TCM. Therefore, it is of certain practical significance and necessity to evaluate the survival benefit of Chinese patent medicines for cancer after marketing. Based on this, in this paper, we first summarized the technical methodological means of survival benefit evaluation at this stage, and then explored the post-marketing survival benefit evaluation of Chinese patent medicines for cancer from three aspects: the evaluation of cancer treatment effect based on survival time and quality of life, treatment-related toxicity and the auxiliary effect of TCM, and the improvement effect for tumor-related symptoms. Based on the practices of early clinical researches, and according to the insufficient efficacy evaluation of current clinical research on Chinese patent medicines, this paper proposed to improve the evaluation system for clinical researches on Chinese patent medicines, establish the evaluation method with TCM characteristics, clarify the dominant population, lay a theoretical foundation for the evaluation of post-marketing survival benefits of Chinese patent medicines for cancer in the future, and promote the modernization process of TCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Marketing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nonprescription Drugs/therapeutic use , Quality of Life
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