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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 148-151, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016434

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the status of familial aggregation of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection in Jinniu District, Chengdu, and analyze its risk factors so as to provide a basis for developing prevention and control strategies of family aggregation of Hp infection. Methods A total of 172 subjects in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College · 416 Hospital of Nuclear Industry from January 2022 to January 2023 were selected as the research subjects. All subjects underwent 13C-urea breath test (13C-UBT) to diagnose whether there was Hp infection. Analyze the current situation of family aggregation of Hp infection in the region, collect general data of survey subjects, analyze the relevant factors affecting Hp family aggregation infection, and develop prevention and control strategies based on this. Results A total of 242 people from 97 households were surveyed, and the Hp family aggregation rate was 29.33%. Univariate analysis showed that there were statistically significant differences in family aggregation of Hp infection in terms of different age groups (χ2=9.719, P=0.008), marital status (χ2=8.496, P=0.014), occupations (χ2=19.462, P2=5.457, P=0.019), previous Hp test results (χ2 =4.131, P=0.042) and test results after treatment (χ2=12.000, P=0.001), with statistical significance (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the frequency of dining out 2 days or more per week and a positive Hp test results in the past were risk factors for family aggregation of Hp infection, while the occupation of teachers/medical staff/management/technology personnel and a negative Hp results after treatment were protective factors (P<0.05). Conclusion Family aggregation of Hp infection is related to family members' occupation, frequency of dining out, previous Hp test results and Hp test results after eradication, which deserves attention in clinical practice.

2.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 99(2): 161-167, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430704

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the optimal timing of initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment in Kawasaki disease (KD) patients. Methods: KD patients were classified as the early group (day 1-4), conventional group (day 5-7), conventional group (day 8-10), and late group (after day 10). Differences among the groups were analyzed by ANOVA and Chi-square analysis. Predictors of IVIG resistance and the optimal cut-off value were determined by multiple logistic regression analyses and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: There were no significant differences in IVIG resistance among the 4 groups (p = 0.335). The sensitivity analysis also confirmed no difference in the IVIG resistance between those who started the initial IVIG ≤ day 7 of illness and those who received IVIG >day 7 of illness (p = 0.761). In addition, patients who received IVIG administration more than 7 days from the onset had a higher proportion of coronary artery abnormalities (p = 0.034) and longer length of hospitalization (p = 0.033) than those who started IVIG administration less than 7 days. The optimal cut-off value of initial IVIG administration time for predicting IVIG resistance was >7 days, with a sensitivity of 75.25% and specificity of 82.41%. Conclusions: IVIG therapy within 7 days of illness is found to be more effective for reducing the risk of coronary artery abnormalities than those who received IVIG >day 7 of illness. IVIG treatment within the 7 days of illness seems to be the optimal therapeutic window of IVIG. However, further prospective studies with long-term follow-up are required.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 82-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991983

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a prognostic model for severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) based on CT scores and inflammatory factors, and to evaluate its efficacy.Methods:128 patients with SAP diagnosed admitted to the First Hospital Affiliated to Hebei North College from March 2019 to December 2021 were enrolled and given Ulinastatin combined with continuous blood purification therapy. The levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukins (IL-6, IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and D-dimer were measured before and on the third day of treatment. An abdominal CT was performed on the third day of treatment to assess the modified CT severity index (MCTSI) and extra-pancreatic inflammatory CT score (EPIC). Patients were divided into the survival group ( n = 94) and the death group ( n = 34) according to the 28-day survival prognosis after admission. The risk factors for the SAP prognosis were analyzed using Logistic regression, which was then used to build nomogram regression models. The value of the model was evaluated using the concordance index (C-index), calibration curves and decision curve analysis (DCA). Results:Before treatment, the levels of CRP, PCT, IL-6, IL-8 and D-dimer in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. After treatment, the levels of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α in the death group were higher than those in the survival group. MCTSI and EPIC scores in the survival group were lower than those in the death group. Logistic regression analysis shows that, pre-treatment CRP > 140.70 mg/L, D-dimer > 2.00 mg/L, and post-treatment IL-6 > 31.28 ng/L, IL-8 > 31.04 ng/L, TNF-α > 31.04 ng/L, and MCTSI > 8 points were all independent risk factors for SAP prognosis [odds ratios ( OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were 8.939 (1.792-44.575), 6.369 (1.368-29.640), 8.546 (1.664-43.896), 5.239 (1.108-24.769), 4.808 (1.126-20.525), 18.569 (3.931-87.725), all P < 0.05]. Model 1 (consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) had a lower C-index than that model 2 (consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, and MCTSI; 0.988 vs. 0.995). The mean absolute error (MAE) and mean square error (MSE) of model 1 (0.034, 0.003) were higher than those of model 2 (0.017, 0.001). When the threshold probability was in the range of 0-0.66 or 0.72-1.00, the net benefit of model 1 was lower than that of model 2. When the threshold probability was in the range of 0.66-0.72, the net benefit of model 1 was higher than that of model 2. In addition, model 2 had a higher C-index than acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHE Ⅱ) and bedside index of acute pancreatitis severity (BISAP, 0.995 vs. 0.833, 0.751). Model 2 had a lower MAE (0.017) and MSE (0.001) than APACHEⅡ (0.041, 0.002). Model 2 had a lower MAE than BISAP (0.025). Model 2 had a higher net benefit than both APACHEⅡ and BISAP. Conclusion:The prognostic assessment model of SAP consisting of pre-treatment CRP, D-dimer, and post-treatment IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α, and MCTSI has high discrimination, precision and clinical application value, and is superior to APACHEⅡ and BISAP.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1304-1307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988836

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between school bullying and depressive symptoms comorbidity and dietary patterns among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2021, so as to provide reference for the prevention of school bullying and depressive symptoms.@*Methods@#In September 2021, stratified random cluster sampling was used to select 87 414 middle school students in 12 leagues in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was used to assess depression, and the bullying was determined according to the items related to bullying in the program of Chinese National Surveillance on Students Common Diseases and Risk Factors.@*Results@#In 2021, the detection rate of depressive symptoms among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was 15.24%, school bullying was 3.02%, and the co-occurrence of school bullying and depression was 1.64%. Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that junior high school students ( OR =1.52) and girls ( OR =1.10) were more likely to suffer from comorbidity of school bullying and depression ( P < 0.05). Eating fried food less than one and more than once a day, smoking and drinking were positively correlated with school bullying and depression comorbidity ( OR =2.15,2.11,2.14,1.70, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The combination of bullying and depression among middle school students in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is affected by various dietary methods. In terms of diet, reducing the intake of fried food, no smoking, no drinking can effectively reduce the incidence of co-occurrence school bullying and depression.

5.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 36-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953756

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a near infrared (NIR) quantitative model for the dissolution behavior of aripiprazole tablets. Methods The NIR spectra of aripiprazole tablets were collected and the dissolution tests were performed to determine the dissolution of each tablet at 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 and 30 min. The near infrared spectra regions of 4 000.00-4 396.90, 5 326.43-12 000.00 cm−1 were pretreated by Savitzky-Golay smoothing filter, and the dissolution behavior model was established by partial least squares method. Results The root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) at different time points were analyzed. RMSEP was lower than 8%. The calibration correlation coefficient (RC) and the prediction correlation coefficient (RP) at different time points were above 0.95 (except for the point of 6 min). There was a good correlation between the NIR spectrum and the dissolution at each time point. Conclusion NIR spectroscopy could predict the dissolution behavior of aripiprazole tablets, which lays a foundation for online quality monitoring of tablets by NIR spectroscopy.

6.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 407-412, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010958

ABSTRACT

The global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had a massive impact on global social and economic development and human health. By combining traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with modern medicine, the Chinese government has protected public health by supporting all phases of COVID-19 prevention and treatment, including community prevention, clinical treatment, control of disease progression, and promotion of recovery. Modern medicine focuses on viruses, while TCM focuses on differential diagnosis of patterns associated with viral infection of the body and recommends the use of TCM decoctions for differential treatment. This differential diagnosis and treatment approach, with its profoundly empirical nature and holistic view, endows TCM with an accessibility advantage and high application value for dealing with COVID-19. Here, we summarize the advantage of and evidence for TCM use in COVID-19 prevention and treatment to draw attention to the scientific value and accessibility advantage of TCM and to promote the use of TCM in response to public health emergencies. Please cite this article as: Huang M, Liu YY, Xiong K, Yang FW, Jin XY, Wang ZQ, Zhang JH, Zhang BL. The role and advantage of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 407-412.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , COVID-19/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Differential , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Pandemics/prevention & control
7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 376-382, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964799

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression levels of scf and c-kit under the regulation of Dahuang Lingxian prescription and the possible mechanism of its effect on gallbladder dynamics, and to provide a theoretical basis for Dahuang Lingxian prescription in preventing the development and recurrence of cholesterol gallstone. Methods A total of 45 specific pathogen-free healthy male guinea pigs were randomly divided into normal group, model group, and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group. The guinea pigs in the normal group were fed with normal diet, and those in the model group and the TCM group were fed with high-fat lithogenic diet. After 8 weeks of feeding, 5 guinea pigs were randomly selected from each group, and successful modeling was determined if gallstone was observed with the naked eye in more than 4 guinea pigs. After successful modeling, the guinea pigs in the TCM group were given Dahuang Lingxian prescription by gavage, and those in the model group were given an equal volume of normal saline by gavage. After 8 consecutive weeks of administration by gavage, gallbladder tissue samples were collected, and HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of gallbladder tissue; Western blot was used to measure the expression level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in gallbladder tissue; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression levels of scf and c-kit in gallbladder smooth muscle tissue. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference multiple comparison method was used for further comparison between two groups. Results HE staining showed marked inflammation of gallbladder tissue in the model group, and compared with the model group, the TCM group had a significantly lower degree of inflammation. Western blot showed that the model group had the highest expression level of TNF-α in gallbladder tissue, followed by the TCM group and the normal group ( P < 0.05); immunohistochemistry showed that compared with the model group, the normal group and the TCM group had significantly higher protein expression levels of scf and c-kit in gallbladder smooth muscle tissue ( P < 0.05). Conclusion Dahuang Lingxian prescription can enhance the dynamic function of the gallbladder, possibly by upregulating the scf/c-kit signaling pathway in interstitial cells of Cajal in gallbladder.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1418-1422, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996326

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#The prevalence of mental health problems in children and adolescents has been gradually increasing, which has become an important public health problem related to the future of the country and the nation. However, mental disorder rarely exists independently, and comorbidity often occurs, which brings great harm and burden to individuals, families and society. This study introduces the prevalence, burden, characteristics and manifestations of different types of comorbidity with mental disorders as the core. Then it explaines the main causes and mechanisms of comorbidity, and proposes future research directions.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4529-4535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008707

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Chaiyin Granules compared with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the treatment of influenza(exogenous wind-heat syndrome). Based on a randomized, double-blind, positive drug parallel control clinical trial, this study evaluated the pharmacoeconomics of Chaiyin Granules with cost-effectiveness analysis method. A total of 116 patients with influenza from eight hospitals(grade Ⅱ level A above) in 6 cities were selected in this study, including 78 cases in the experimental group with Chaiyin Granules and Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules placebo, and 38 cases in the control group with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules and Chaiyin Granules placebo. The total cost of this study included direct medical cost, direct non-medical cost, and indirect cost. The remission time of clinical symptoms, cure time/cure rate, antipyretic onset time/complete antipyretic time, viral nucleic acid negative rate, and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndrome curative effect were selected as the effect indicators for cost-effectiveness analysis. Four-quadrant diagram was used to estimate the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. The results showed that Chaiyin Granules were not inferior to Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the remission time of clinical symptoms of influenza(3.1 d vs 2.9 d, P=0.360, non-inferiority margin was 0.5 d). Compared with Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules, Chaiyin Granules would delay the remission time of clinic symptoms of influenza for 1 d, but could save 213.9 yuan. 1 d delay in cure time could save 149.3 yuan; 1% reduction in the cure rate could save 8.2 yuan; 1 d delay in antipyretic onset time could save 295.4 yuan; 1 d delay in complete antipyretic time could save 114.3 yuan; 1% reduction in the 5-day cure rate of TCM syndrome could save 19.2 yuan. Different from other indicators, there was no statistically significant difference between two groups in the effect of negative conversion rate of viral nucleic acid, but the cost was lower and the effect was superior, and the pharmacoeconomics was not different from that of Oseltamivir Phosphate Capsules in the field of influenza treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipyretics/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis , Influenza, Human/drug therapy , Nucleic Acids/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Phosphates/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Double-Blind Method
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 388-394, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984634

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and prognostic factors of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for treating T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL) . Methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 119 adolescent and adult patients with T-ALL/LBL from January 2006 to January 2020 at Peking University Third Hospital and Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Patients were divided into chemotherapy-only, chemotherapy followed by allo-HSCT, and chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) groups according to the consolidation regimen, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates of each group were compared. Results: Among 113 patients with effective follow-up, 96 (84.9%) patients achieved overall response (ORR), with 79 (69.9%) having complete response (CR) and 17 (15.0%) having partial response (PR), until July 2022. The analysis of the 96 ORR population revealed that patients without transplantation demonstrated poorer outcomes compared with the allo-HSCT group (5-year OS: 11.4% vs 55.6%, P=0.001; 5-year PFS: 8.9% vs 54.2%, P<0.001). No difference was found in 5-year OS and 5-year PFS between the allo-HSCT and auto-HSCT groups (P=0.271, P=0.197). The same results were achieved in the CR population. Allo-HSCT got better 5-year OS (37.5% vs 0) for the 17 PR cases (P=0.064). Different donor sources did not affect 5-year OS, with sibling of 61.1% vs hap-haploidentical of 63.6% vs unrelated donor of 50.0% (P>0.05). No significant difference was found in the treatment response in the early T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ETP) and non-ETP populations. The ETP group demonstrated lower 5-year OS compared with the non-ETP group in the chemotherapy alone group (0 vs 12.6%, P=0.045), whereas no significant difference was found between the ETP and non-ETP groups in the allo-HSCT group (75.0% vs 62.9%, P=0.852). Multivariate analysis revealed that high serum lactate dehydrogenase level, without transplantation, and no CR after chemotherapy induction were independently associated with inferior outcomes (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Allo-HSCT could be an effective consolidation therapy for adult and adolescent patients with T-ALL/LBL. Different donor sources did not affect survival. Allo-HSCT may overcome the adverse influence of ETP-ALL/LBL on OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Adolescent , Humans , Prognosis , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Unrelated Donors
11.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 50-56, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970754

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of light and heavy bite force on the mandibular movement trajectories, and the influence of bite force on virtual occlusal pre-adjustment of digital full crown. Methods: From October 2021 to March 2022, 10 postgraduate volunteers (3 males and 7 females, aged 22-26 years) were recruited from Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Maxillary and mandibular digital models of the participants were obtained by intraoral scanning. Jaw relations were digitally transferred under heavy bite force and mandibular movement trajectories under light and heavy bite force were recorded by jaw motion analyser. Three mandibular markers were chosen, namely the mesial proximal contact point of the central incisor (incisal point) and the mesial buccal cusp tips of the bilateral first molars. The three-dimensional displacements of the markers under two kinds of bite force in the intercuspal position (ICP), the sagittal projection of the three-dimensional displacements in the protrusive edge-to-edge position, and the coronal projection of the three-dimensional displacements in the lateral edge-to-edge position of upper and lower posterior teeth were measured. Single-sample t-test was used to compare the three-dimensional displacements and the corresponding sagittal projection and coronal projection with 0, respectively. The left maxillary central incisor and left mandibular first molar were virtually prepared by the reverse engineering software. Then dental design software was used to design digital full crown using the copy method. The mandibular movement trajectories under light and heavy bite force were separately used to guide virtual occlusal pre-adjustment. The three-dimensional deviations (mean deviations and root mean square) between the lingual surface of the left maxillary central incisor or the occlusal surface of the left mandibular first molar and that of the natural tooth before preparation were calculated (light bite force group and heavy bite force group), and the differences between the two groups were compared by the paired t-test. Results: Under the two kinds of bite force, the three-dimensional displacements of the markers in the ICP were (0.217±0.135), (0.210±0.133) and (0.237±0.101) mm, respectively; the sagittal projection of the three-dimensional displacements of the markers in the protrusive edge-to-edge position were (0.204±0.133), (0.288±0.148) and (0.292±0.136) mm, respectively; the coronal projection of the three-dimensional displacements of the mesial buccal cusp tips of the bilateral first molars in the lateral edge-to-edge position were (0.254±0.140) and (0.295±0.190) mm, respectively. The differences between the above displacements and 0 were statistically significant (P<0.05). The results of occlusal pre-adjustment showed that the mean deviations of the lingual surface of the left maxillary central incisor in the light and heavy bite force groups were (0.215±0.036) and (0.195±0.041) mm (t=3.95, P=0.004), respectively. The mean deviations of the occlusal surface of the left mandibular first molar were (0.144±0.084) and (0.100±0.096) mm (t=0.84, P=0.036), respectively. Conclusions: Both the light and heavy bite force have an influence on the mandibular movement trajectories. Virtual occlusal pre-adjustment of prostheses with mandibular movement trajectories under heavy bite force can obtain morphology of lingual or occlusal surfaces closer to the natural teeth before preparation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Bite Force , Tooth , Mandible , Molar , Occlusal Adjustment
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970494

ABSTRACT

Pharmaceutical products need to ensure the effectiveness, safety and quality controllability through scientific supervision, and as the broad masses of the people are full of new expectations for the supply of high-quality traditional Chinese medicine products, the reform and innovation of traditional Chinese medicine regulatory policies are also facing new opportunities and new challenges. National Medical Products Administration, National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine and other relevant departments have implemented the requirements of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, vigorously promoted the reform of the regulatory system in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, introduced a series of innovative policies, and achieved phased results. Including the new registration classification standards in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, encouraging the development of classical formulas and hospital preparations, encouraging the research and development of symptomatic Chinese medicines, and gra-dually improving the "three-combined " evidence system. However, in the face of the development problems of traditional Chinese medicine in the new era, it is still necessary to improve the scientific supervision system, further optimize the management measures for the registration of traditional Chinese medicines based on classical formulas, accelerate the improvement of the standard system for traditional Chinese medicine formula granules, and form management measures to encourage and support the secondary development of traditional Chinese medicines. In terms of scientific supervision of traditional Chinese medicine, it is necessary to follow the characteristics and development laws of traditional Chinese medicine itself, comprehensively consider the characteristics of epochal, scientific and systematic in regulatory policies, and serve the inheritance and innovative development of traditional Chinese medicine with scientific supervision.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Reference Standards
13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 236-243, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet irradiation on ovariectomized rats' bone metabolism.@*METHODS@#Twenty four 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat were randomly divided into control group, sham operated group, 275 nm ultraviolet (UV) irradiation group and 310 nm UV irradiation group. Each group contained 6 rats. The rats in the two irradiation groups were treated with bilateral ovariectomy. The rats in sham operated group received sham operation (They were given the same back incision and a bit of par-ovarian fat were removed). Control group received no disposition. About 24 weeks after operation, all the rats received detailed bone mineral density (BMD) detection again. Detection regions include cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur. Next, osteopenia rats in 275 nm irradiation group were UV irradiated 275 nm with fixed illumination intensity (15 μW/cm2) everyday for 16 weeks. The osteopenia rats in 310 nm irradiation group were UV irradiated 310 nm with fixed illumination intensity (15 μW/cm2) everyday for 16 weeks. The backs of the rats were shaved regularly as irradiation area (6 cm×8 cm). After 16-week irradiation, all the rats' BMD of cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur were measured. At the end of the trial, all the rats' blood specimens were obtained and serum 25(OH)D, procollagen type Ⅰ N-peptide (PINP) and osteocalcin (OC) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control group [(238.78±26.74) mg/cm3], the BMD of the whole body were significantly lower in 275 nm [(193.34±13.28) mg/cm3] and 310 nm [(191.19±18.48) mg/cm3] irradiation groups (P=0.002, P=0.001). There were no significant difference between sham operated group [(227.20±14.32) mg/cm3] and control group. After 16-week ultraviolet irradiation, the BMD of the whole body were significantly increased in 275 nm [(193.34±13.28) mg/cm3 vs. (221.68±25.52) mg/cm3, P=0.005] and 310 nm groups [(191.19±18.48) mg/cm3 vs. (267.48±20.54) mg/cm3, P < 0.001] after corresponding irradiation. The BMD of the four body regions (lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur) had significantly increased after irradiation in 275 nm irradiation group. For 310 nm irradiation group, the BMD in cervical vertebra, lumbar vertebra, proximal femur, mid femur and distal femur also had increased significantly after 310 nm ultraviolet irradiation. The concentration of serum 25(OH)D and OC was higher in 275 nm irradiation group than in control group [(46.78±5.59) μg/L vs. (21.32±6.65) μg/L, P=0.002;(2.05±0.53) U/L vs. (1.32±0.07) U/L, P=0.022]. Compared with the control, the concentration of serum 25(OH)D [(58.05±12.74) μg/L], OC [(2.04±0.53) U/L] and PINP [(176.16±24.18) U/L] was significantly higher (P < 0.001, P=0.015, P=0.005) in 310 nm irradiation group. However, there were no significantly difference between sham operated group and the control.@*CONCLUSION@#Both 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet could improve rats' vitamin D synthesis. Both 275 nm and 310 nm ultraviolet could improve osteopenia rats' bone condition. The irradiation of 310 nm might be more effective on bone condition improvement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rats , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/metabolism , Femur/metabolism , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Ovariectomy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1801-1808, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014249

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of bigelovin on mouse model of imiquimod-induced psoriatic itch and its mechanism. Methods Psoriasis-like mouse model was established by applying imiquimod cream on the back skin of mouse. Psoriasis area and severity index, pathological changes, the expression levels of inflammatory factors and related molecular biological data were used as effect indicators. The changes of the above parameters were observed after administration of different concentrations of bigelovin. Then the possible mechanism of the effects was further analysed.Results Compared with the model group, bigelovin significantly decreased the symptoms of skin lesions and reduced the PASI score. Bigelovin alleviated epidermal thickening and reduced the expression of Ki67 in a dose-dependent manner. The expression levels of inflammatory factors were reduced in both skin and serum.The percentage of Th17 cells was reduced and the percentage of Treg cells was increased in the lymph node.In addition, bigelovin also inhibited the phosphorylation of P65 protein and significantly reduced the nuclear localization of P65, suggesting that bigelovin might inhibit the activation of P65 protein. Conclusions The effect of bigelovin on improving the signs and symptoms of imiquimod-induced psoriasis mice may be related to the inhibition of P65 protein phosphorylation in keratinocytes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 175-181, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of virtual monoenergetic images (VMI) and electron density map (EDM) derived from the dual-layer spectral detector CT (DLCT) in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant pulmonary ground glass nodules (GGN).Methods:From July 2019 to August 2020, a total of 65 patients with lung GGN (27 benign GGNs and 38 malignant GGNs) confirmed by pathology were retrospectively enrolled in Gulou Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical University. All the patients underwent DLCT plain scanning within two weeks before the surgery. The conventional 120 kVp polyenergetic image (PI), EDM and 40-80 keV VMI were reconstructed. The differences of CT and electron density (ED) values between benign and malignant lesions on different images were compared by Mann-Whitney U test. Independent t-test was used to compare the lesion size and χ 2 test was used to analyze the CT features (including lesion location, shape, edge, internal structure, adjacent structure, nodule type) between benign and malignant lesions. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of different energy spectrum quantitative parameters in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant GGN. The statistically significant CT signs and energy spectrum quantitative parameters were analyzed by logistic regression analysis to find out the independent risk factors of malignant GGN, and then ROC curve analysis was performed for each independent risk factor alone or in combination. Results:There were significant differences in lesion shape, spiculation, lobulation, location and size between benign and malignant groups ( P<0.05). The CT value of pulmonary GGN in PI, 40-80 keV VMI and the ED value in EDM were statistically different between benign and malignant lesions ( P<0.05). The area under ROC curve (AUC) were 0.680, 0.682, 0.683, 0.686, 0.694, 0.676 and 0.722, respectively, among which the ED value had the highest AUC. Binary logistic regression analysis was carried out with GGN shape, spiculation, lobulation, location, size, ED value and CT value in PI, 40-80 keV VMI as independent variables, and malignant GGN as dependent variables. The results showed that ED value (OR=1.045, 95%CI 1.001-1.090, P=0.044), lesion size (OR=1.582, 95%CI 1.159-2.158, P=0.004), spiculation sign (OR=11.352, 95%CI 2.379-54.172, P=0.002) were independent risk factors for malignant GGN. ROC curve analysis showed the AUC of ED value, lesion size, spiculation sign and combination of the three for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant GGN were 0.722, 0.772, 0.698 and 0.885. The AUC for the combined parameters was the largest, with sensitivity of 92.1% and specificity of 74.1%. Conclusion:The diagnostic efficacy of EDM is higher than that of other VMI in the differential diagnosis of pulmonary GGN by DLCT images; The efficacy is further improved when EDM is combined with lesion size and spiculation sign for comprehensive diagnosis.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 215-220, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929560

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy followed by autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in young patients with newly diagnosed high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to examine the clinical and survival data of young patients with high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma who received dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy and ASCT as first-line treatment between January 2011 and December 2018 in Blood Diseases Hospital. Results: A total of 63 patients were included in the study. The median age range was 40 (14-63) years old. In terms of the induction therapy regimen, 52 cases received R-DA-EP (D) OCH, and the remaining 11 received R-HyperCVAD/R-MA. Sixteen (25.4% ) patients achieved partial response in the mid-term efficacy assessment, and ten of them were evaluated as complete response after transplantation. The median follow-up was 50 (8-112) months, and the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate were (83.9±4.7) % and (90.4±3.7) % , respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that age-adjusted international prognostic index ≥2 scores was a negative prognostic factor for OS (P=0.039) , and bone marrow involvement (BMI) was an adverse prognostic factor for OS (P<0.001) and PFS (P=0.001) . However, multivariate analysis confirmed that BMI was the only independent negative predictor of OS (P=0.016) and PFS (P=0.001) . Conclusions: The use of dose-enhanced immunochemotherapy in combination with ASCT as first-line therapy in the treatment of young, high-risk aggressive B-cell lymphoma results in good long-term outcomes, and BMI remains an adverse prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1514-1522, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929371

ABSTRACT

To explore the pharmacogenomic markers that affect the platinum-based chemotherapy response in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), we performed a two-cohort of genome-wide association studies (GWAS), including 34 for WES-based and 433 for microarray-based analyses, as well as two independent validation cohorts. After integrating the results of two studies, the genetic variations related to the platinum-based chemotherapy response were further determined by fine-mapping in 838 samples, and their potential functional impact were investigated by eQTL analysis and in vitro cell experiments. We found that a total of 68 variations were significant at P < 1 × 10-3 in cohort 1 discovery stage, of which 3 SNPs were verified in 262 independent samples. A total of 541 SNPs were significant at P < 1 × 10-4 in cohort 2 discovery stage, of which 8 SNPs were verified in 347 independent samples. Comparing the validated SNPs in two GWAS, ADCY1 gene was verified in both independent studies. The results of fine-mapping showed that the G allele carriers of ADCY1 rs2280496 and C allele carriers of rs189178649 were more likely to be resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy. In conclusion, our study found that rs2280496 and rs189178649 in ADCY1 gene were associated the sensitivity of platinum-based chemotherapy in NSCLC patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 689-693, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955511

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of video-assisted feedback in clinical skill teaching in undergraduate classes and its application effect.Methods:The experimental control method was adopted in the study. A total of 185 students from Eight-year program of clinical medicine of Batch 2014 and Five-year program of clinical medicine of Batch 2016 in Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology were collected as the experimental group, and another 166 students from Eight-year program of clinical medicine of Batch 2013 and Five-year program of clinical medicine of Batch 2015 as the control group. The experimental group adopted the teaching mode of video-assisted feedback and the control group received the traditional teaching mode. By the end of training sessions, the differences between the two groups in both the skill assessments and the theories were compared. A satisfaction survey about the video-assisted feedback was made in the experimental group. GraphPad Prism 5 was used for t test. Results:In the students from Five-year program of clinical medicine, the scores of theoretical assessment in the experimental group were (87.64±0.94) points and the scores of skill assessments were (84.78±0.54) points; the scores of theoretical assessment in the control group were (85.14±0.80) points and the scores of skill assessments were (83.10±0.53) points. In the students from Five-year program of clinical medicine, the difference of both the theoretical and the skill assessment scores between the experimental group and the control group was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the students from Eight-year program of clinical medicine, the scores of theoretical assessment in the experimental group were (86.46±0.66) points and the scores of skill assessments were (86.38±0.73) points; the scores of theoretical assessment in the control group were (84.90±1.21) points and the scores of skill assessments were (83.79±0.64) points. The difference of the skill assessment scores between the experimental group and the control group was statistically significant ( P<0.05), and no significant difference was found in the theoretical assessment. The questionnaire survey in the experimental group based on video-assisted feedback teaching method showed that 93.3% (168/180) of students said that they would not take the initiative to practice after class if there was no video shooting session; 87.8% (158/180) of the students thought the video-assisted feedback teaching method improved their ability of independent learning; 82.8% (149/180) of students thought this method significantly increased their learning efficiency and confidence in clinic; 71.1% (128/180) of the students felt that after-class video shooting, their self-confidence was improved when they faced the corresponding operation clinically. Conclusion:The application of video-assisted feedback has significantly improved the outcome of clinical skill training for students, as compared to the traditional teaching mode.

19.
International Eye Science ; (12): 352-356, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913053

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To analysis the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of ocular trauma in Shaanxi and surrounding areas, and provide research support for the formulation of prevention and treatment measures for ocular trauma. METHODS: Retrospective study. The general data and clinical data of 1 723 unilateral ocular trauma patients(1 723 eyes)admitted to our hospital from January 2 018 to April 2 020 were collected to establish the ocular trauma database and analyzed.RESULTS: Among the 1 723 cases(1 723 eyes)of ocular trauma patients, young and middle-aged patients(20-59 years old)accounted for the majority(1 149 eyes, 66.69%)and mainly were male patients(1 392 eyes, 80.79%), and the vast majority of patients came from rural areas(1 270 eyes, 73.71%)and engaged in manual labor(1 288 eyes, 74.75%). The main causes of ocular trauma were blunt tools(511 eyes, 29.66%), sharp objects(423 eyes, 24.55%), splashing metal(non-metal)foreign bodies(299 eyes, 17.35%), falling(183 eyes, 10.62%), <i>etc</i>. The main places of injury were workplaces(633 eyes, 36.74%), farming places(474 eyes, 27.51%), residential homes(302 eyes, 17.53%), public places(248 eyes, 14.39%), <i>etc</i>. The main type of ocular trauma was open globe injury(1 311 eyes, 76.09%), and the main therapy was surgical treatment(1 638 eyes, 95.07%). Logistic analysis found that age, post-injury visit time, types of ocular trauma, complications of ocular trauma, history of ocular trauma were all important factors influencing prognosis of ocular trauma patients(<i>P</i><0.05). CONCLUSION: Ocular trauma in Shaanxi and surrounding areas has characteristics of age, sex, place of residence, and occupation. For special occupations and special populations, timely targeted health education and prevention measures should be taken to reduce the incidence of ocular trauma. In addition, the timely treatment of ocular trauma can help improve the prognosis of patients.

20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 569-573, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940962

ABSTRACT

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis, closely associated with the immune system. Its pathogenesis is currently not clear. The lack of specificity in the clinical manifestations and histopathological changes of PG leads to a long clinical diagnosis cycle and even misdiagnosis, which is easy to delay treatment or promote the deterioration of ulcer wound. The diagnosis of this disease is still very difficult, which poses a great challenge to wound repair practitioners. This article reviews the research advances on the pathophysiology, clinical features, and diagnosis of PG in recent years, with the aim of providing reference for relevant clinical practitioners.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology
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